CN107029330A - Endotracheal catheter - Google Patents

Endotracheal catheter Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107029330A
CN107029330A CN201710385113.1A CN201710385113A CN107029330A CN 107029330 A CN107029330 A CN 107029330A CN 201710385113 A CN201710385113 A CN 201710385113A CN 107029330 A CN107029330 A CN 107029330A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
outer tube
inner sleeve
expanded balloon
catheter
tooth
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710385113.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭文治
陈亚斌
李冉冉
张水军
王冬雨
方红波
温培豪
张嘉凯
王智慧
潘洁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University
Original Assignee
First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University filed Critical First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University
Priority to CN201710385113.1A priority Critical patent/CN107029330A/en
Publication of CN107029330A publication Critical patent/CN107029330A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0003Accessories therefor, e.g. sensors, vibrators, negative pressure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0402Special features for tracheal tubes not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0488Mouthpieces; Means for guiding, securing or introducing the tubes
    • A61M16/049Mouthpieces
    • A61M16/0493Mouthpieces with means for protecting the tube from damage caused by the patient's teeth, e.g. bite block

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of endotracheal catheter, including the catheter body being made up of the inside and outside sleeve pipe of hard, expanded balloon is provided with catheter body, outer tube two ends form sealing cavity with the connected middle part of inner sleeve pipe outer wall sealing, outer tube rear end is provided with inflating catheter, and it is marked with scale marker;Expanded balloon sealing is fixed on outer tube front end, and expanded balloon front end caves inward to form bowl-type thickening supporting surface, and inner sleeve front end thickeies supporting surface with bowl-type and is fixedly connected with, and bowl-type thickeies offers the perforate corresponding with inner sleeve pore on supporting surface;Inflating catheter is penetrated from outer tube rear end and is connected with expanded balloon;Outer tube front end offers sieve aperture, and rear end, which is provided with pipette, outer tube, to be set with hard tooth and sting;Tooth stings back edge and turns up to form gear labial lamina, and tooth stings outer peripheral face and is coated with soft rubber layer, and tooth is stung and is provided with block block in the overcoat pipe outer wall of front portion;Inner sleeve rear end is provided with connector.The invention has the advantages that it is simple in construction, it is easy to use.

Description

Endotracheal catheter
Technical field
The present invention relates to medicine equipment, more particularly, to a kind of endotracheal catheter.
Background technology
Endotracheal intubation refers to special tracheal catheter, is inserted by oral cavity or nasal cavity in patient's trachea;It is a kind of gas Anesthesia and the technology given emergency treatment to a patient, are also to maintain the unobstructed most reliable means of the upper respiratory tract in pipe.Needed when there is following situation Carry out endotracheal intubation:1, is in general anesthesia, and respiratory tract is difficult to ensure that unobstructed patient person, such as encephalic operation, opens chest Perform the operation, need the general anesthesia operation of the special postures such as prone position or seat;Tumor colli tracheas suppressed, jaw, face, neck, five official rank general anesthesias Major operation, extreme adiposis patient;GENERAL ANESTHETICS has to breathing substantially to be suppressed or applies muscle relaxant patient, should all carry out trachea cannula Art.2. during Rescuing Critical Patients, endotracheal intubation has played important function;Respiratory failure needs to carry out mechanical ventilation person, cardiopulmonary Recovery, when drug poisoning and neonate's severe asphyxia, it is necessary to row endotracheal intubation.3. some special anesthesia:As and with drop Wen Shu, decompression art and Intravenous Procaine Anesthesia etc. are both needed to be intubated in the existing tracheae of patient.
As shown in figure 1, what clear hard inner sleeve and outer tube that existing tracheal catheter is generally set with by gap were constituted Catheter body and the expanded balloon being arranged in catheter body, inner sleeve are siphunculus, and outer tube two ends seal to form middle part Sealing cavity, outer tube rear end is provided with inflating catheter, for being inflated to expanded balloon;Scale marker is carried on outer tube, can Judge insertion depth.During operation, tracheal catheter is inserted into throat by laryngoscope and seal wire, insertion depth is generally insertion end away from door Tooth 18-22cm, gas is injected into expanded balloon after insertion by inflating catheter, and expanded balloon has expanded fixation, fixed Lung ventilator is connected with tracheal catheter rear end afterwards, finally patient's oral area place a hollow hard tube, prevent patients teeth bite broken or Sting and close tracheal catheter.
The liquid in tracheal catheter front end, person's windpipe can not be completely covered in existing expanded balloon(Such as sputum)Can be long-term Accumulate between the anterior tracheal catheter of expanded balloon and person's windpipe wall;And existing tracheal catheter can only when carrying out suction sputum Liquid inside attraction tracheal tube, so can also accumulate big between the tracheal catheter and person's windpipe wall at expanded balloon rear portion Quantity of fluid;The long-term accumulation influence patient respiration of liquid, causes to choke and coughs, easily cause bacterium infection;Existing tracheal catheter The person's windpipe wall at expanded balloon rear portion can not be rinsed or topical application medicine.Further, since the hollow hard tube and gas Pipe conduit is not integrative-structure, and is placed after the completion of tracheal catheter intubation, therefore is needed disease population again when placing Portion is broken into two with one's hands, troublesome poeration;Dropping structure is not put below hollow hard tube simultaneously, easily slips into disease population and damage is caused to it, And there is no elastic layer, patients teeth to cause damage to patients teeth after stinging tightly on hollow hard tube.
The content of the invention
Present invention aims at provide a kind of endotracheal catheter simple in construction, easy to use.
To achieve the above object, the present invention can take following technical proposals:
Endotracheal catheter of the present invention, including the catheter body that constitutes of the inside and outside sleeve pipe of hard being set with by gap and The expanded balloon in the catheter body is arranged at, the outer tube two ends are connected with inner sleeve pipe outer wall sealing and form middle part Sealing cavity, outer tube rear end is provided with inflating catheter, and outer tube is marked with scale marker;The expanded balloon sealing is connected In the outer tube front end, expanded balloon front end is caved inward to form bowl-type thickening supporting surface, and the inner sleeve front end is prolonged forward Stretch and thicken supporting surface with the bowl-type and be fixedly connected with, offered on bowl-type thickening supporting surface corresponding with inner sleeve pore Perforate;The inflating catheter is penetrated from outer tube back-end sealing extension and is connected with the expanded balloon;Described Outer tube front end uniform intervals offer some sieve apertures, and outer tube rear end is provided with the imbibition being connected with the sealing cavity Hard tooth is movably installed with pipe, outer tube to sting;The tooth stings back edge and turns up to form gear labial lamina, and tooth is stung and is coated with outer peripheral face Soft rubber layer, stings positioned at the tooth and is provided with block block in the overcoat pipe outer wall of front portion;Connect in the inner sleeve rear end It is logical to be provided with connector.
The block block is located at away from the inner sleeve front end 16-21cm.
The invention has the advantages that it is simple in construction, it is easy to use.The bowl-type that expanded balloon front end caves inward thickeies supporting surface Expanded balloon is close to person's windpipe wall after expansion, be easy to the anterior liquid of expanded balloon(Such as sputum)Inhale completely Go out, the sieve aperture that outer tube front end uniform intervals are opened up is easy to completely suction out the liquid at expanded balloon rear portion, makes patient respiration suitable Freely, reduce to choke caused by intubated patient is accumulated because of liquid and cough, reduction tracheae infection probability;Meanwhile, can also be to gas by sieve aperture Filling medicine in pipe(Suctioned out as atomization medicine can make sputum thin out easily, antibiotic can avoid local infection etc.)It is auxiliary Help treatment.Movable set is stung in the tooth on outer tube, can avoid breaking patient's oral area into two with one's hands repeatedly, operation is more facilitated, tooth is stung The soft rubber layer of outer peripheral face cladding can effectively protect patients teeth, and gear labial lamina and block block effectively can prevent tooth to sting cunning It is de-, it is to avoid damage is caused to patient's mouth.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of existing trachea cannula.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 3 be in Fig. 2 A-A to section structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is expanded balloon inflated condition schematic diagram in Fig. 2.
Embodiment
As in Figure 2-4, endotracheal catheter of the present invention, including the hard inner sleeve 1 that is set with by gap and hard The catheter body that matter outer tube 2 is constituted, and the expanded balloon 3 being arranged in catheter body, the two ends of outer tube 2 and inner sleeve 1 Outer wall sealing is connected the sealing cavity 4 in the middle part of being formed, and the rear end of outer tube 2 is provided with inflating catheter 5, and inflating catheter 5 is from outer tube 2 Back-end sealing extension penetrates and is connected with expanded balloon 3, by inflating catheter 5 can easily into expanded balloon 3 inflate or Deflate, to prevent that gas leaks outside in expanded balloon 3, an activity button-fold and closure thereon can be set in the outer end of inflating catheter 5, For blocking gas;Outer tube 2 is marked with scale marker 6, can auxiliary observation intubation when built-in length, facilitate trachea cannula The operation of art.The sealing of expanded balloon 3 is fixed on the front end of outer tube 2, and is coated on the outer wall of inner sleeve 1, makes expanded balloon 3 and close Sealing cavity 4 turns into two independent chambers, and the front end of expanded balloon 3 caves inward to be formed before bowl-type thickening supporting surface 7, inner sleeve 1 End, which extends forward and thickeies supporting surface 7 with bowl-type, to be fixedly connected with, and is thickeied and is offered and the pore phase of inner sleeve 1 on supporting surface 7 in bowl-type Corresponding perforate, bowl-type thickeies supporting surface 7 and is propped up after expanded balloon 3 is expanded, and can be close to person's windpipe wall, make human body gas Without accumulation liquid between tube wall and the mouth of pipe of inner sleeve 1(Such as sputum)Gap, be easy to completely inhale the anterior liquid of expanded balloon 3 Go out;Some sieve apertures 8 are offered in the front end uniform intervals of outer tube 2, the rear end of outer tube 2 is provided with what is be connected with sealing cavity 4 Pipette 9, easily can be inhaled the liquid between the rear portion person's windpipe wall of expanded balloon 3 and outer tube 2 completely by pipette 9 Go out, the liquid of the front and rear portions of expanded balloon 3 can be suctioned out completely, make patient respiration more smooth, reduce intubated patient because liquid is accumulated Choke and cough caused by depositing, reduction tracheae infection probability;Medicine can also be filled additionally by sieve aperture 8 to tracheal strips(Such as atomization medicine Sputum can be made to thin out easily to suction out, antibiotic can avoid local infection etc.)Auxiliary treatment.It is movable on outer tube 2 It is set with hard tooth and stings 10, tooth, which is stung, is coated with soft rubber layer on 10 outer peripheral faces, can effectively protect patients teeth;After tooth stings 10 Edge turns up to form gear labial lamina 11, is stung positioned at tooth and block block 12, gear labial lamina 11 and card are provided with the 10 anterior outer walls of outer tube 2 Block 12 can effectively prevent that tooth stings 10 slippages when patient from lying on the back, it is to avoid damage is caused to patient's mouth;Further, since it is existing When carrying out endotracheal intubation, the insertion depth of catheter body is generally front end and is arranged at away from front tooth 18-22cm, therefore block block 12 At the front end 16-21cm of inner sleeve 1, intubation backteeth is stung 10 and be located just at patient's front tooth.Connect and set in the rear end of inner sleeve 1 There is connector 13, it is convenient to be connected with lung ventilator.The catheterization procedure of endotracheal catheter of the present invention and existing tracheal catheter Catheterization procedure it is identical, only need to distinguish the connector 13 of inflating catheter 5, pipette 9 and the rear end of inner sleeve 1, to avoid Different color can be also divided into inflating catheter 5, pipette 9 and connector 13 or carry out area in mark different literals thereon by obscuring Point, operation is more facilitated.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of endotracheal catheter, including the inside and outside sleeve pipe of hard being set with by gap(1、2)The catheter body of composition and set The expanded balloon being placed in the catheter body(3), the outer tube(2)Two ends and the inner sleeve(1)Outer wall sealing is connected Sealing cavity in the middle part of formation(4), outer tube(2)Rear end is provided with inflating catheter(5), outer tube(2)It is marked with scale marker (6);It is characterized in that:The expanded balloon(3)Sealing is fixed on the outer tube(2)Front end, expanded balloon(3)Front end is inside Depression forms bowl-type and thickeies supporting surface(7), the inner sleeve(1)Front end extends forward and thickeies supporting surface with the bowl-type(7) It is fixedly connected with, supporting surface is thickeied in the bowl-type(7)On offer and inner sleeve(1)The corresponding perforate of pore;The inflation is led Pipe(5)From the outer tube(2)Back-end sealing extension penetrate and with the expanded balloon(3)It is connected;In the outer tube(2) Front end uniform intervals offer some sieve apertures(8), outer tube(2)Rear end is provided with and the sealing cavity(4)The suction being connected Liquid pipe(9), outer tube(2)On be movably installed with hard tooth and sting(10);The tooth is stung(10)Back edge turns up to form gear labial lamina (11), tooth stings(10)Soft rubber layer is coated with outer peripheral face, is stung positioned at the tooth(10)The anterior outer tube(2)Outer wall On be provided with block block(12);In the inner sleeve(1)Rear end is provided with and communicated with connector(13).
2. endotracheal catheter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The block block(12)Positioned at away from the inner sleeve Pipe(1)At the 16-21cm of front end.
CN201710385113.1A 2017-05-26 2017-05-26 Endotracheal catheter Pending CN107029330A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710385113.1A CN107029330A (en) 2017-05-26 2017-05-26 Endotracheal catheter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710385113.1A CN107029330A (en) 2017-05-26 2017-05-26 Endotracheal catheter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107029330A true CN107029330A (en) 2017-08-11

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CN201710385113.1A Pending CN107029330A (en) 2017-05-26 2017-05-26 Endotracheal catheter

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110448743A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-11-15 成都市第二人民医院 It is a kind of to improve efficiency and the division of respiratory disease of comfort clear sputum device and method
CN110448772A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-11-15 成都市第二人民医院 Go deep into accurate drug delivery device and medication based on division of respiratory disease

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4022217A (en) * 1975-09-15 1977-05-10 Dupaco Incorporated Cuff configuration for cuff tracheal tubes
CN204446878U (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-07-08 上海市肺科医院 A kind of endotracheal tube facilitating trachea to operate
CN204798557U (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-11-25 刘海强 Medical trachea cannula
CN205832238U (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-12-28 薛晓茹 A kind of Pediatric sputum aspirator
CN206152044U (en) * 2016-08-03 2017-05-10 江西益康医疗器械集团有限公司 Trachea cannula
CN207898748U (en) * 2017-05-26 2018-09-25 郑州大学第一附属医院 Endotracheal catheter

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4022217A (en) * 1975-09-15 1977-05-10 Dupaco Incorporated Cuff configuration for cuff tracheal tubes
CN204446878U (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-07-08 上海市肺科医院 A kind of endotracheal tube facilitating trachea to operate
CN204798557U (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-11-25 刘海强 Medical trachea cannula
CN205832238U (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-12-28 薛晓茹 A kind of Pediatric sputum aspirator
CN206152044U (en) * 2016-08-03 2017-05-10 江西益康医疗器械集团有限公司 Trachea cannula
CN207898748U (en) * 2017-05-26 2018-09-25 郑州大学第一附属医院 Endotracheal catheter

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110448743A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-11-15 成都市第二人民医院 It is a kind of to improve efficiency and the division of respiratory disease of comfort clear sputum device and method
CN110448772A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-11-15 成都市第二人民医院 Go deep into accurate drug delivery device and medication based on division of respiratory disease
CN110448743B (en) * 2019-09-20 2021-11-02 成都市第二人民医院 Sputum clearing device and method for department of respiration and capable of improving efficiency and comfort

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Application publication date: 20170811

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication