CN107027640B - Underground ventilation cooling type livestock and poultry breeding house - Google Patents

Underground ventilation cooling type livestock and poultry breeding house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107027640B
CN107027640B CN201710281960.3A CN201710281960A CN107027640B CN 107027640 B CN107027640 B CN 107027640B CN 201710281960 A CN201710281960 A CN 201710281960A CN 107027640 B CN107027640 B CN 107027640B
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China
Prior art keywords
breeding house
livestock
underground
poultry breeding
exhaust
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CN201710281960.3A
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CN107027640A (en
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黄河
李鑫
唐婷婷
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Shandong New Hope Liuhe Group Co Ltd
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Shandong New Hope Liuhe Group Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/02Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit-hutches or the like
    • A01K1/03Housing for domestic or laboratory animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/0047Air-conditioning, e.g. ventilation, of animal housings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/0047Air-conditioning, e.g. ventilation, of animal housings
    • A01K1/0052Arrangement of fans or blowers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K31/00Housing birds

Abstract

The invention provides an underground ventilation and cooling type livestock and poultry breeding house. The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention pre-mixes cold air fresh air in the L-shaped air guide pipe below the ground with air on the upper layer of the livestock and poultry breeding house or warm air entering from a warm air inlet according to the temperature required by the livestock and poultry breeding house, and uniformly discharges the pre-mixed gas to the bottom of the livestock and poultry breeding house through an airflow pre-mixing channel formed by the central splitter plate and the side air guide plate, so that dirty air sinking below the livestock and poultry breeding house can well enter the underground exhaust bin through a through hole on the floor and then is discharged into an ammonia dissolving tank through a fan in the lower end of an exhaust pipe of the underground exhaust bin; in addition, the wet curtain on the side wall can meet the requirement of cooling the livestock and poultry breeding house in summer and other occasions with high outdoor temperature.

Description

Underground ventilation cooling type livestock and poultry breeding house
Technical Field
The invention relates to a livestock and poultry breeding house, in particular to an underground ventilating and cooling type livestock and poultry breeding house.
Background
The control of the environment (including temperature, humidity, ammonia concentration, bacterial and virus content and the like) in the livestock and poultry breeding house is a key technology for the healthy feeding of livestock and poultry. Most areas in China are affected by seasonal dust weather, regional air pollution is serious, and respiratory diseases are easily caused after livestock and poultry directly inhale untreated gases. Especially, the relative humidity in most northern areas is low, so that the dust harm is more serious, and respiratory diseases of livestock and poultry are caused.
In addition, the drastic change of temperature difference or the long-term high temperature can also cause the reduction of the production performance of livestock and poultry, thereby causing infectious diseases. Consequently, in order to guarantee to breed comfortable temperature in the house in summer, prevent that ammonia concentration exceeds standard in the house, amazing beasts and birds respiratory tract, cause beasts and birds respiratory tract disease to increase, to pathogen resistance decline, lead to beasts and birds morbidity and mortality to rise, most chicken coop now adopts embedded wet curtain, wet curtain inlays in the lateral wall of chicken coop, wet curtain surface only is provided with simple and easy dustproof curtain or heat preservation curtain, when outdoor high temperature is too high, outdoor high temperature air sees through wet curtain very easily and gets into the chicken coop, the high temperature that causes the chicken coop, the temperature and the humidity of outside air can't be adjusted and control according to the chicken coop actual conditions, lead to the whole ventilation effect of chicken coop not good, influence the health status of chicken only.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an underground ventilation and cooling type livestock and poultry breeding house which is uniform in air inlet speed, easy to discharge dirty air, adjustable in air inlet temperature and humidity and capable of meeting the dual effects of ventilation and cooling in summer.
The invention is realized by the following measures: an underground ventilation and cooling type livestock and poultry breeding house comprises a livestock and poultry breeding house body consisting of a gable wall, a side wall, a roof and a floor, wherein the upper sections of two opposite side walls of the livestock and poultry breeding house body are respectively provided with a warm air inlet and a cold air inlet, an L-shaped air guide pipe is arranged at the cold air inlet, a vertical section pipeline of the L-shaped air guide pipe is positioned on one side of the side wall, a transverse section pipeline of the L-shaped air guide pipe is arranged below the floor, and a fan is arranged at the air inlet of the L-shaped air guide pipe; and an induced draft fan is also arranged in the vertical section pipeline of the L-shaped air guide pipe.
The inner side surfaces of the side walls below the warm air inlet and the cold air inlet are respectively provided with a side air guide plate, the roof above the side air guide plates is provided with a central splitter plate, and the central splitter plate and each side air guide plate form an air flow premixing channel;
an underground exhaust bin communicated with the floor is arranged below the ground of the livestock and poultry breeding house body, an exhaust fan is arranged at an air outlet of the underground exhaust bin, and an ammonia dissolving tank is arranged on one side of the underground exhaust bin;
a plurality of through holes communicated with the underground exhaust bins are uniformly formed in the floor, a plurality of exhaust holes are formed in the top surfaces of the underground exhaust bins, the exhaust holes are connected with exhaust pipes, and fans are arranged in the lower ends of the exhaust pipes;
a plurality of small air inlet windows are uniformly arranged on the gable wall; the side wall below the side air guide plate is provided with a plurality of wet curtains, the outer side or the inner side of each wet curtain is provided with a heat preservation curtain, and a drawing mechanism for driving the heat preservation curtains is arranged on a window frame of each wet curtain.
The hot air inlet is connected with a hot air inlet pipe, and an exhaust fan is arranged in the hot air inlet pipe.
The middle part of the central splitter plate is a convex arc curved surface, a plurality of warm water pipes are arranged on the top surface of the central splitter plate at equal intervals, and hot water flows through the warm water pipes in a circulating manner.
The side air guide plate is a special-shaped plate, and the bottom surface of the side air guide plate is a concave arc curved surface.
The bottom surface of the underground exhaust bin is far away from one side of the exhaust pipe and inclines downwards, a plurality of sewage drainage pipes are arranged on one side of the underground exhaust bin far away from one side of the exhaust pipe, and the water outlet ends close to the sewage drainage pipes are arranged in the ammonia dissolving tank.
The traction mechanism comprises two opposite side plates positioned on the wet curtain window frame, a support plate A and a support plate B which are respectively arranged at the same end parts of the side plates, a rotating shaft penetrating through the support plate A and the support plate B, a power driving mechanism positioned at the outer side of the support plate A and a linkage mechanism arranged on the sections of the support plate A and the support plate B.
The driving mechanism comprises an active driving wheel arranged on the supporting plate A, a speed reducing motor with an output shaft connected with a central rotating shaft of the active driving wheel, an eccentric block arranged outside the circle center of the active driving wheel, a U-shaped plug-in unit matched with the eccentric block, a limiting play rod hinged at the bottom of the U-shaped plug-in unit, and a limiting gear connected to one end part of the rotating shaft, wherein the limiting gear is meshed with the limiting play rod.
The linkage mechanism comprises a first connecting plate and a second connecting plate which are respectively arranged on the supporting plate A and the supporting plate B, one end of the first connecting plate is hinged with a driving connecting rod A, the other end of the driving connecting rod A is hinged with a driven connecting rod A, the bottom end of the driven connecting rod A is connected to a connecting rod which is bridged between the supporting plate A and the supporting plate B, two ends of the connecting rod are respectively provided with a guide wheel, and the guide wheels are respectively arranged in slideways on the inner side surfaces of the supporting plate A and the supporting plate B;
the linkage mechanism further comprises a driven connecting rod B, one end of the driven connecting rod B is hinged to the second connecting plate, the other end of the driven connecting rod B is hinged to a driven connecting rod C, and the bottom end of the driven connecting rod C is hinged to the connecting rod.
One side of the link rod is provided with a clamping groove for fixing the bottom end of the heat-insulating curtain, and the top of the heat-insulating curtain is connected to the rotating shaft.
And a plurality of ultraviolet lamp tubes are arranged on the inner side surface of the roof.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention pre-mixes cold air and fresh air in the L-shaped air guide pipe below the ground with air on the upper layer of the livestock and poultry breeding house or warm air entering from the warm air inlet according to the temperature required by the livestock and poultry breeding house, the premixed gas is uniformly discharged to the bottom of the livestock and poultry breeding house through an air flow premixing channel formed by the central splitter plate and the side air guide plates, dirty air which is settled under the livestock and poultry breeding house can well enter the underground exhaust bin through a through hole of the floor, the dirty air is discharged into an ammonia dissolving tank through a fan arranged in the lower end of an exhaust pipe of the underground exhaust bin, the air in the livestock and poultry breeding house is uniformly replaced integrally, meanwhile, a warm water pipe and/or an ultraviolet lamp tube are/is arranged above the livestock and poultry breeding house, the warm water pipe can provide a heat source for carrying out secondary heating on the air in the premixing bin according to needs, and the ultraviolet lamp tube can sterilize and disinfect the indoor air according to needs; outdoor fresh air enters the upper part of the livestock and poultry breeding house through the wet curtain and is uniformly mixed with the air in the air flow premixing channel, and the air in the premixing channel is heated or cooled through a warm water pipe or a warm air inlet pipe according to the requirement, so that the integral replacement of the air in the livestock and poultry breeding house is realized; in addition, the wet curtain on the side wall can meet the requirement of cooling the livestock and poultry breeding house when outdoor temperature is high in summer and the like, meanwhile, the heat preservation curtain is arranged, the driving connecting rod A, the driven connecting rod A, the connecting rod, the driven connecting rod B and the driven connecting rod C are arranged on the outer side of the heat preservation curtain, the driven connecting rod A, the connecting rod B and the driven connecting rod C prevent a large amount of wind from being lifted by the wind-blowing heat preservation curtain to enter the livestock and poultry breeding house, the lifting height of the heat preservation curtain is controlled by the drawing mechanism, the height of the heat preservation curtain is adjusted according to the requirement of the temperature and the wind quantity in the livestock and poultry breeding house; according to the invention, the wet curtain body is arranged on the side wall, so that the livestock and poultry breeding house can be subjected to normal ventilation and cooling when the wet curtain works normally in summer, when the temperature is temporarily insulated in winter, the livestock and poultry breeding house can be insulated according to the outdoor actual temperature, and the heat insulation curtains on the two sides of the wet curtain body are pulled down, so that outdoor cold air can be prevented from entering the livestock and poultry breeding house, and the heat insulation effect is achieved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a pulling mechanism in an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a pulling mechanism in an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a front view of fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a partial structural schematic view of a pulling mechanism in an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a driving mechanism in an embodiment of the invention.
Wherein the reference numerals are: 2. a side wall; 3. a roof; 4. a floor; 21. a warm air inlet; 22. a cold air inlet; 23. an L-shaped air guide pipe; 24. a fan; 25. a side air guide plate; 26. a central manifold; 5. an underground exhaust bin; 51. a sewage drain pipe; 6. an exhaust fan; 7. an ammonia dissolving tank; 8. wet curtain; 9. a thermal insulation curtain; 10. a warm air inlet pipe; 11. an exhaust fan; 12. a warm water pipe; 13. a side plate; 14. a support plate A; 15. a support plate B; 16. a rotating shaft; 171. a reduction motor; 161. an active drive wheel; 18. an eccentric block; 19. a U-shaped plug-in; 20. limiting a sowing rod; 141. a first connecting plate; 151. a second connecting plate; 142. a driving connecting rod A; 143. a driven connecting rod A; 1415. a slideway; 27. a link rod; 28. an ultraviolet lamp tube; 29. an induced draft fan; 30. a driven connecting rod B; 31. a driven link C; 32. and a limit gear.
Detailed Description
In order to clearly illustrate the technical features of the present solution, the present solution is explained below by way of specific embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, the invention is an underground ventilation and temperature reduction type livestock and poultry breeding house, comprising a livestock and poultry breeding house body composed of a gable wall, side walls 2, a roof 3 and a floor 4, wherein the upper sections of two opposite side walls 2 of the livestock and poultry breeding house body are respectively provided with a warm air inlet 21 and a cold air inlet 22, the cold air inlet 22 is provided with an L-shaped air guide pipe 23, the vertical section pipeline of the L-shaped air guide pipe 23 is positioned at one side of the side wall 2, the transverse section pipeline thereof is arranged below the bottom surface, and the air inlet of the L-shaped air guide pipe 23 is provided with a fan 24; an induced draft fan 29 is also arranged in the vertical section pipeline of the L-shaped air guide pipe 23.
A side air guide plate 25 is respectively arranged on the inner side surface of the side wall 2 below the warm air inlet 21 and the cold air inlet 22, a central splitter plate 26 is arranged on the roof 3 above the side air guide plate 25, and the central splitter plate 26 and each side air guide plate 25 form an air flow premixing channel;
an underground exhaust bin 5 communicated with the floor 4 is arranged below the ground of the livestock and poultry breeding house body, an exhaust fan 6 is arranged at an exhaust outlet of the underground exhaust bin 5, and an ammonia dissolving tank 7 is arranged on one side of the underground exhaust bin 5;
a plurality of through holes communicated with the underground exhaust bin 5 are uniformly formed in the floor 4, a plurality of exhaust holes are formed in the top surface of the underground exhaust bin 5, the exhaust holes are connected with exhaust pipes, and fans are arranged in the lower ends of the exhaust pipes;
a plurality of small air inlet windows are uniformly arranged on the gable 1; the side wall below the side air guide plate 25 is provided with a plurality of wet curtains 8, the outer side or the inner side of each wet curtain 8 is provided with a heat preservation curtain 9, and a window frame of each wet curtain 8 is provided with a traction mechanism for driving the heat preservation curtain 9.
The hot air inlet 21 is connected with a hot air inlet pipe 10, and an exhaust fan 11 is arranged in the hot air inlet pipe 10.
The middle part of the central splitter plate 26 is a convex arc curved surface, a plurality of warm water pipes 12 are arranged on the top surface of the central splitter plate 26 at equal intervals, and hot water circulates in the warm water pipes 12.
The side air guide plate 25 is a special-shaped plate, and the bottom surface thereof is a concave arc curved surface.
The bottom surface of the underground exhaust bin 5 is downwards inclined at one side far away from the exhaust pipe, a plurality of sewage drainage pipes 51 are arranged at one side of the underground exhaust bin 5 far away from the exhaust pipe, and the water outlet ends close to the sewage drainage pipes 51 are arranged in the ammonia dissolving tank 7.
The traction mechanism comprises two opposite side plates 13 positioned on the window frame of the wet curtain 8, a supporting plate A14 and a supporting plate B15 which are respectively arranged at the same end parts of the side plates 13, a rotating shaft 16 which penetrates through the supporting plate A14 and the supporting plate B15, a power driving mechanism positioned outside the supporting plate A14, and a linkage mechanism arranged on the cross section of the supporting plate A14 and the supporting plate B15.
The driving mechanism comprises a driving wheel 161 arranged on a supporting plate A14, a speed reducing motor 171 of which the output shaft is connected with the central rotating shaft of the driving wheel 161, an eccentric block 18 arranged outside the circle center of the driving wheel 161, a U-shaped plug-in unit 19 matched with the eccentric block 18, a spacing sowing rod 20 hinged at the bottom of the U-shaped plug-in unit 19, a spacing gear 32 connected at one end of the rotating shaft 16, and the spacing gear 32 and the spacing sowing rod 20 are meshed with each other.
The linkage mechanism comprises a first connecting plate 141 and a second connecting plate 151 which are respectively arranged on a supporting plate A14 and a supporting plate B15, one end of the first connecting plate 141 is hinged with a driving connecting rod A142, the other end of the driving connecting rod A142 is hinged with a driven connecting rod A143, the bottom end of the driven connecting rod A143 is connected to a connecting rod 27 which is bridged between a supporting plate A14 and a supporting plate B15, two ends of the connecting rod 27 are respectively provided with a guide wheel 17, and the guide wheels 17 are respectively arranged in slideways 1415 on the inner side surfaces of a supporting plate A14 and a supporting plate B15;
the linkage mechanism further comprises a driven connecting rod B30 with one end hinged on the second connecting plate 151, the other end of the driven connecting rod B30 is hinged with a driven connecting rod C31, and the bottom end of the driven connecting rod C31 is hinged on the connecting rod 27.
One side surface of the link rod 27 is provided with a clamping groove for fixing the bottom end of the heat preservation curtain 9, and the top of the heat preservation curtain 9 is connected to the rotating shaft 16.
A plurality of ultraviolet lamp tubes 28 are arranged on the inner side surface of the roof 3.
The technical features of the present invention which are not described in the above embodiments may be implemented by or using the prior art, and are not described herein again, of course, the above description is not intended to limit the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the above examples, and variations, modifications, additions or substitutions which may be made by those skilled in the art within the spirit and scope of the present invention should also fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. An underground ventilation and temperature reduction type livestock breeding house comprises a livestock breeding house body consisting of gable walls, side walls (2), a roof (3) and a floor (4), and is characterized in that the upper sections of two opposite side walls (2) of the livestock breeding house body are respectively provided with a warm air inlet (21) and a cold air inlet (22), an L-shaped air guide pipe (23) is arranged at the cold air inlet (22), a vertical section pipeline of the L-shaped air guide pipe (23) is positioned on one side of the side walls (2), a transverse section pipeline of the L-shaped air guide pipe is arranged below the floor, and a fan (24) is arranged at the air inlet of the L-shaped air guide pipe (23);
a side air guide plate (25) is respectively arranged on the inner side surface of the side wall (2) below the warm air inlet (21) and the cold air inlet (22), a central splitter plate (26) is arranged on the roof (3) above the side air guide plate (25), and the central splitter plate (26) and each side air guide plate (25) form an air flow premixing channel;
an underground exhaust bin (5) communicated with the floor (4) is arranged below the ground of the livestock and poultry breeding house body, an exhaust fan (6) is arranged at an exhaust outlet of the underground exhaust bin (5), and an ammonia dissolving tank (7) is arranged on one side of the underground exhaust bin (5);
a plurality of through holes communicated with the underground exhaust bins (5) are uniformly formed in the floor (4), a plurality of exhaust holes are formed in the top surfaces of the underground exhaust bins (5), the exhaust holes are connected with exhaust pipes, and fans are arranged in the lower ends of the exhaust pipes;
a plurality of small air inlet windows are uniformly arranged on the gable wall (1); a plurality of wet curtains (8) are arranged on the side wall below the side air guide plate (25), heat insulation curtains (9) are arranged on the outer sides or the inner sides of the wet curtains (8), and a drawing mechanism for driving the heat insulation curtains (9) is arranged on window frames of the wet curtains (8);
the traction mechanism comprises two opposite side plates (13) positioned on a window frame of the wet curtain (8), a supporting plate A (14) and a supporting plate B (15) which are respectively arranged at the same end part of the side plates (13), a rotating shaft (16) penetrating through the supporting plate A (14) and the supporting plate B (15), a power driving mechanism positioned at the outer side of the supporting plate A (14), and a linkage mechanism arranged on the end faces of the supporting plate A (14) and the supporting plate B (15).
2. The underground ventilation and temperature reduction type livestock and poultry breeding house according to claim 1, wherein a warm air inlet pipe (10) is connected to the warm air inlet (21), and an exhaust fan (11) is arranged in the warm air inlet pipe (10).
3. The underground ventilation and cooling type livestock and poultry breeding house according to claim 2, wherein the middle part of the central splitter plate (26) is a convex arc curved surface, a plurality of warm water pipes (12) are arranged on the top surface of the central splitter plate (26) at equal intervals, and hot water circulates in the warm water pipes (12).
4. An underground ventilating and cooling livestock and poultry breeding house according to claim 3, characterized in that the side air guiding plate (25) is a shaped plate, the bottom surface of which is a concave arc curved surface.
5. The underground ventilation and temperature reduction type livestock and poultry breeding house according to claim 4, wherein the bottom surface of the underground exhaust bin (5) is inclined downwards away from the exhaust pipe, a plurality of sewage drainage pipes (51) are arranged on one side of the underground exhaust bin (5) away from the exhaust pipe, and the water outlet ends close to the sewage drainage pipes (51) are arranged in the ammonia dissolving tank (7).
6. The underground ventilation and temperature reduction type livestock and poultry breeding house according to claim 5, wherein the driving mechanism comprises a driving wheel (161) arranged on the supporting plate A (14), a speed reduction motor (171) with an output shaft connected with a central rotating shaft of the driving wheel (161), an eccentric block (18) arranged outside the circle center of the driving wheel (161), a U-shaped plug-in (19) matched with the eccentric block (18), a spacing sowing rod (20) hinged at the bottom of the U-shaped plug-in (19), a spacing gear (32) connected at one end of the rotating shaft (16), and the spacing gear (32) and the spacing sowing rod (20) are meshed with each other.
7. The underground ventilating and cooling type livestock and poultry breeding house according to claim 6, wherein the linkage mechanism comprises a first connecting plate (141) and a second connecting plate (151) which are respectively arranged on the supporting plate A (14) and the supporting plate B (15), one end of the first connecting plate (141) is hinged with a driving connecting rod A (142), the other end of the driving connecting rod A (142) is hinged with a driven connecting rod A (143), the bottom end of the driven connecting rod A (143) is connected to a connecting rod (27) which is bridged between the supporting plate A (14) and the supporting plate B (15), two ends of the connecting rod (27) are respectively provided with a guide wheel (17), and the guide wheels (17) are respectively arranged in slideways (1415) on the inner side surfaces of the supporting plate A (14) and the supporting plate B (15);
the linkage mechanism further comprises a driven connecting rod B (30) with one end hinged to the second connecting plate (151), the other end of the driven connecting rod B (30) is hinged to a driven connecting rod C (31), and the bottom end of the driven connecting rod C (31) is hinged to the connecting rod (27).
8. The underground ventilating and cooling type livestock and poultry breeding house according to claim 7, wherein a clamping groove for fixing the bottom end of the heat-insulating curtain (9) is formed in one side surface of the link rod (27), and the top of the heat-insulating curtain (9) is connected to the rotating shaft (16).
9. An underground ventilating and cooling livestock and poultry breeding house according to any of the claims 1-7, characterized in that several ultraviolet lamps (28) are arranged on the inner side of the roof (3).
CN201710281960.3A 2017-04-26 2017-04-26 Underground ventilation cooling type livestock and poultry breeding house Active CN107027640B (en)

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CN107027640A (en) 2017-08-11

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