CN106963565A - A kind of intelligent stretcher - Google Patents

A kind of intelligent stretcher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106963565A
CN106963565A CN201710157431.2A CN201710157431A CN106963565A CN 106963565 A CN106963565 A CN 106963565A CN 201710157431 A CN201710157431 A CN 201710157431A CN 106963565 A CN106963565 A CN 106963565A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
bed board
slotted eye
sliding block
vehicle frame
bed
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710157431.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈佳鑫
于兆勤
谢晓键
洪泽全
刘智楷
Original Assignee
广东工业大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 广东工业大学 filed Critical 广东工业大学
Priority to CN201710157431.2A priority Critical patent/CN106963565A/en
Publication of CN106963565A publication Critical patent/CN106963565A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G1/00Stretchers
    • A61G1/02Stretchers with wheels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G1/00Stretchers
    • A61G1/02Stretchers with wheels
    • A61G1/0275Stretchers with wheels having driven wheels, e.g. motorised
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G1/00Stretchers
    • A61G1/04Parts, details or accessories, e.g. head-, foot-, or like rests specially adapted for stretchers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G1/00Stretchers
    • A61G1/04Parts, details or accessories, e.g. head-, foot-, or like rests specially adapted for stretchers
    • A61G1/048Handles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2203/00General characteristics of devices
    • A61G2203/10General characteristics of devices characterised by specific control means, e.g. for adjustment or steering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2203/00General characteristics of devices
    • A61G2203/30General characteristics of devices characterised by sensor means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2203/00General characteristics of devices
    • A61G2203/70General characteristics of devices with special adaptations, e.g. for safety or comfort

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of intelligent stretcher, including vehicle frame and the bed mechanism, elevating mechanism, retaining mechanism, obstacle detection system, drive device and the control device that are installed on vehicle frame, bed mechanism is removably mounted on the vehicle frame, and the bed mechanism includes the first bed board and the second bed board being hinged with the first bed board, first bed board and the second bed board are located at the upper surface of the vehicle frame, and the first bed board is fixedly installed on vehicle frame;The clutch end of elevating mechanism is connected with second bed board and drives the second bed board to swing;Retaining mechanism is in the bed mechanism, and when processing same level is in the upper surface of the first bed board and the second bed board, the first bed board and the second bed board are locked together by the retaining mechanism;The obstacle detection system is fixedly installed in the front end of the vehicle frame, and the obstacle detection system and drive device are electrically connected with the control device.The present invention has intelligent beneficial effect high, easy to use and safe and reliable.

Description

A kind of intelligent stretcher

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of stretcher, a kind of intelligent stretcher is referred in particular to.

Background technology

In medical instruments field, because Chinese population is numerous, existing medical instruments resource is mostly more rare.Wherein, cure Treatment bed is used extensively and frequently as conventional medical instruments by hospital.And medical bed is required for being pushed away manually by people at present Dynamic and regulation, complex operation is intelligent low, brings great inconvenience to user, it is impossible to meet the demand of user.

The content of the invention

It is an object of the invention to solve medical bed by manually being promoted and being adjusted, complex operation is intelligent low, gives There is provided a kind of high, the easy to use and safe and reliable intelligent stretcher of intellectuality for the problem of user brings great inconvenient.

The purpose of the present invention can be reached using following technical scheme:

A kind of intelligent stretcher, including vehicle frame and the bed mechanism being installed on vehicle frame, elevating mechanism, retaining mechanism, barrier Hinder detecting system, drive device and control device, the bed mechanism is removably mounted on the vehicle frame, and the bed machine Structure includes the first bed board and the second bed board being hinged with the first bed board, and first bed board and the second bed board are located at the vehicle frame Upper surface, first bed board is fixedly installed on vehicle frame;The clutch end of the elevating mechanism connects with second bed board Connect and drive the second bed board to swing;The retaining mechanism is in the bed mechanism, in the upper of the first bed board and the second bed board When surface is in processing same level, the first bed board and the second bed board are locked together by the retaining mechanism;The obstacle Detecting system is fixedly installed in the front end of the vehicle frame, and the obstacle detection system and drive device are electrically connected with the control device Connect.

Further, the drive device includes the first motor and the second motor, and the bottom of frame is provided with front-wheel with after Wheel;First motor and the second motor are electrically connected with the control device;The front-wheel be universal wheel, first motor and Second motor is respectively arranged on two trailing wheels and drives rear wheel.

Further, the vehicle frame be provided with handle induction controller, the handle induction controller include handle, First sensor, second sensor and connector, the front end of the handle are fixedly connected by first sensor with vehicle frame, described Second sensor and connector are set to two, and the two ends of the handle are connected by one end of second sensor and the connector Connect, slotted eye is provided with vehicle frame, the other end of the connector is slidably plugged in slotted eye;The first sensor and second is passed Sensor is electrically connected with the control device.

Further, the first groove and the second groove are had on the side of first bed board and the second bed board;Institute Stating retaining mechanism includes the first sliding block and U-shaped latch, and first sliding block is slidably mounted in the first groove and the second groove; The length of first sliding block is less than the first groove and more than the length of the second groove;Slided into the first sliding block in the second groove When, the two ends of U-shaped latch insert the first sliding block and the second bed board and are locked together the first bed board and the second bed board respectively.

Further, the first slotted eye and the second slotted eye, and first bed board and second are provided with first sliding block The 3rd slotted eye and the 4th slotted eye are had on plate;When the first sliding block is slided into the second groove, the two ends difference of U-shaped latch Insert the second slotted eye and the 4th slotted eye and be locked together the first bed board and the second bed board;It is recessed that first is slided into the first sliding block When in groove, the first slotted eye and the 3rd slotted eye are inserted and by the first slider locking to the first bed board in the two ends of U-shaped latch respectively.

Further, the 5th slotted eye, described first are provided with the first sliding block between first slotted eye and the second slotted eye The U-shaped latch is equipped with slotted eye and the second slotted eye;When the first sliding block is slided into the second groove, the U on the second slotted eye The two ends of type latch insert the second slotted eye and the 4th slotted eye and are locked together the first bed board and the second bed board respectively;First When sliding block is slided into the first groove, the second slotted eye and the second slotted eye are inserted in the two ends of the U-shaped latch on the second slotted eye respectively, and The first slotted eye and the 3rd slotted eye are inserted and by the first slider locking to the first bed board in the two ends of U-shaped latch on first slotted eye respectively On.

Further, the elevating mechanism includes motor, adapter sleeve, slide bar, the second sliding block and screw mandrel, and the motor is fixed It is installed on the vehicle frame, the slide bar is set to two, and is fixedly installed on the vehicle frame;Second sliding block slidably covers On two slide bars, one end of the screw mandrel is fixedly connected with second sliding block, described in the second sliding block top pressure The bottom surface of second bed board;The adapter sleeve is provided with internal thread, and company is fixed in the output end of the motor and one end of the adapter sleeve Connect, another bar of the screw mandrel and the other end screw-driven of adapter sleeve are connected.

Further, the upper end of second sliding block is rotatable is provided with pulley, the second bed board described in the pulley top pressure Bottom surface.

Further, it is provided with first bed board on first through hole and the second through hole, the vehicle frame and is provided with jack, it is described " J " type latch is slidably mounted in first through hole, the longer end of " J " the type latch is inserted in the first through hole, and " J " The shorter end of type latch is sequentially inserted into second through hole and jack and the first bed board is fixedly installed on vehicle frame.

Further, the longer end of described " J " type latch is provided with limited block, and limited block stops the longer of " J " type latch End abjection first through hole.

Implement the present invention, have the advantages that:

1st, the present invention can be detected by obstacle detection system to the barrier on way, then by the barrier detected Thing shape and positional information is hindered to be sent to control device, then control device driver makes vehicle frame 1 be turned and be kept away Barrier on open circuit, realizes global motion Automatic Detection and Control, without manually being operated and being controlled, and intelligence degree is high, Using simple and conveniently.

2nd, elevating mechanism of the invention is electrically connected with control device, when needing to adjust the height and angle of the second bed board, Elevating mechanism need to be only controlled to control the second bed board to be raised or lowered to suitable position by control device i.e. achievable automatic, fast Speed and the height and angle for being conveniently adjusted the second bed board, solve existing medical bed by carrying out height and angular adjustment by hand And it is low to there is efficiency, it is impossible to the problem of meeting the demand of user.And it is conditioned and swings to and first in the second bed board When plate is horizontal, retaining mechanism, which can be locked to the second bed board on the first bed board, forms integral fixed structure, can prevent Only the second bed board produces upward swing under the interference of external force and damages the personal safety of patient.

3rd, the present invention the second bed board be conditioned and swing to be horizontal with the first bed board when, by the first sliding block Slip into the second groove, now, because the length of the first sliding block is more than the length of the second groove so that the left end card of the first sliding block It is connected in the first groove and the first sliding block is fixed on the second bed board by U-shaped latch, so that the second bed board is first It can not swing and be locked together with the first bed board under the clamping effect of sliding block, realize being fixedly connected for the second bed board, can prevent Second bed board produces upward swing under the interference of external force and damages the personal safety of patient, and when needing regulation second During plate, only U-shaped latch need to be extracted and slipped into the second groove, then the second bed board will not be in by the first sliding block clamping and can put Dynamic state, so that the unblock and release of the second bed board are realized, it is simple in construction, ingenious and easy to use.

4th, handle of the invention by user when applying active force forward, and first sensor is sent by active force Signal makes control device output signal control the first motor and the second motor synchronous axial system and drive vehicle frame forward to control device Move along a straight line.And when user applies leftward or rightward active force, the second sensor on the relevant position of handle two ends Control device is issued a signal to by active force, now, control device output signal controls the first motor and the second motor to enter Row differential is rotated, then front-wheel can reverse certain angle, so that the left-hand bend or right-hand bend of vehicle frame are realized, so that according to human hand Direction of action automatically controls the advance or turning of vehicle frame, with simple in construction, automatic detection and control the characteristics of.

Brief description of the drawings

In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing There is the accompanying drawing used required in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only this Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can be with Other accompanying drawings are obtained according to these accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is the first structure schematic diagram of intelligent stretcher of the invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the retaining mechanism of intelligent stretcher of the invention in the locked condition;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the retaining mechanism of intelligent stretcher of the invention in the unlocked state;

Fig. 4 is the second structural representation of intelligent stretcher of the invention;

Fig. 5 is the 3rd structural representation of intelligent stretcher of the invention;

Fig. 6 is Fig. 5 top view.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

Embodiment

Referring to figs. 1 to Fig. 4, the present embodiment is related to intelligent stretcher, including vehicle frame 1 and the bed machine being installed on vehicle frame 1 Structure 2, elevating mechanism 3, retaining mechanism 4, drive device, obstacle detection system and control device, the bed mechanism 2 are detachably pacified Loaded on the vehicle frame 1, and the bed mechanism 2 includes the first bed board 21 and the second bed board 22 being hinged with the first bed board 21, The bed board 22 of first bed board 21 and second is located at the upper surface of the vehicle frame 1, and first bed board 21 is fixedly installed in vehicle frame 1 On;The clutch end of the elevating mechanism 3 is connected with second bed board 22 and drives the second bed board 22 to swing;The locking Mechanism 4 is in the bed mechanism 2;Processing same level is in the upper surface of the first bed board 21 and the second bed board 22 When, the first bed board 21 and the second bed board 22 are locked together by the retaining mechanism 4;The obstacle detection system is fixedly installed in The front end of the vehicle frame 1, the obstacle detection system and drive device are electrically connected with the control device.The control device is Single-chip microcomputer or PLC.

The stretcher can be detected by obstacle detection system to the barrier on way, then by the barrier detected Thing shape and positional information is hindered to be sent to control device, then control device driver makes vehicle frame 1 be turned and be kept away Barrier on open circuit, realizes global motion Automatic Detection and Control, without manually being operated and being controlled, and intelligence degree is high, Using simple and conveniently.The obstacle detection system enters row distance by ultrasonic wave module 10 and detected, realizes the work(of obstacle detection Energy.

The elevating mechanism 3 of the structure is electrically connected with control device, when needing to adjust the height and angle of the second bed board 22, It need to only control elevating mechanism 3 to control the second bed board 22 to be raised or lowered to suitable position by control device to can be achieved certainly Height and angle dynamic, that rapidly and easily adjust the second bed board 22, solve existing medical bed by carry out by hand height and Angular adjustment and to there is efficiency low, it is impossible to the problem of meeting the demand of user.

The second bed board 22 be conditioned and swing to be horizontal with the first bed board 21 when, retaining mechanism 4 can handle Second bed board 22, which is locked on the first bed board 21, forms integral fixed structure, can prevent the second bed board 22 from being produced under the interference of external force Raw upward swing and the personal safety for damageeing patient.

As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, the vehicle frame 1 is provided with handle induction controller 11, the handle induction controller 11 include handle 12, first sensor 13, second sensor 14 and connector 15, and the front end of the handle 12 passes through the first sensing Device 13 is fixedly connected with vehicle frame 1;The second sensor 14 and connector 15 are set to two, and the two ends of the handle 12 pass through Two sensors 14 are connected with one end of the connector 15;Slotted eye 16 is provided with vehicle frame 1, the other end of the connector 15 can be slided It is dynamic to be plugged in slotted eye 16;The first sensor 13 and second sensor 14 are electrically connected with the control device.

When obstacle detection system breaks down, the stretcher enables standby mode.Now, user applies effect forward Power, one end of connector 15 can be slided in the slotted eye 16 so that handle 12 can travel forward and top pressure first is sensed Device 13, and then enable first sensor 13 to send pressure signal to control device.And apply to the left or to the right in user During active force, connector 15 is stuck in slotted eye 16, so that the active force of handle 12 can be delivered in second sensor 14 And top pressure second sensor 14, and then enable second sensor 14 to send pressure signal to control device.Therefore, in connector In the presence of 15, it is possible to achieve the effect of the top pressure of the opponent's first sensor 13 of handle 12 and second sensor 14, it is simple in construction and It is easy for installation.

As shown in figure 5, the drive device includes the first motor 51 and the second motor 52, before the bottom of vehicle frame 1 is provided with Wheel 17 and trailing wheel 18;The motor 18 of first motor 17 and second is electrically connected with the control device;The front-wheel 17 is universal Wheel, the motor 18 of the first motor 17 and second is respectively arranged on two trailing wheels 18 and drives trailing wheel 18 to rotate.

The handle 12 of the structure by user when applying active force forward, and first sensor 13 is sent out by active force Go out signal to control device, control device output signal is controlled the first motor 17 and the synchronous axial system of the second motor 18 and is driven car Frame 1 moves along a straight line forward.And when user applies leftward or rightward active force, the on the two ends relevant position of handle 12 Two sensors 14 are issued a signal to control device by active force, now, and control device output signal controls the first motor 17 Differential rotation is carried out with the second motor 18, then front-wheel 17 can reverse certain angle, so as to realize the left-hand bend or right-hand rotation of vehicle frame 1 It is curved, so that the advance or turning of vehicle frame 1 are automatically controlled according to the direction of action of human hand, with simple in construction, automatic detection and control Processed the characteristics of.

The handle 12 of the structure by user when applying active force forward, and first sensor 13 is sent out by active force Go out signal to control device, make control device output signal control vehicle frame to move along a straight line forward.And when user applies to the left Or during active force to the right, the second sensor 14 on the two ends relevant position of handle 12 is issued a signal to control by active force Device, now, control device output signal control the left-hand bend or right-hand bend of vehicle frame 1, so that according to the direction of action of human hand certainly The advance or turning of dynamic control vehicle frame 11, judge the direction of action of human hand, and then judge the use wish of user, have The characteristics of simple in construction, automatic detection and control.

As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the first groove 211 is had on the side of the bed board 22 of the first bed board 21 and second With the second groove 221;The retaining mechanism 4 includes the first sliding block 41 and U-shaped latch 42, and first sliding block 41 is slidably mounted In in the first groove 211 and the second groove 221;The length of first sliding block 41 is less than the first groove 211 and recessed more than second The length of groove 221;When the first sliding block 41 is slided into the second groove 221, the first sliding block is inserted at the two ends of U-shaped latch 42 respectively 41 and second bed board 22 and the first bed board 21 and the second bed board 22 are locked together.As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, in the second bed board 22 are conditioned and swing to when being horizontal upper with the first bed board 21, and the first sliding block 41 is slipped into the second groove 221, this When, because the length of the first sliding block 41 is more than the length of the second groove 221 so that it is recessed that the left end of the first sliding block 41 is connected to first First sliding block 41 is fixed on the second bed board 22 in groove 211 and by U-shaped latch 42, so that the second bed board 22 is first It can not swing and be locked together with the first bed board 21 under the clamping effect of sliding block 41, realize being fixedly connected for the second bed board 22, It can prevent the second bed board 22 from producing upward swing under the interference of external force and damage the personal safety of patient, and when needing to adjust When saving the second bed board 22, only U-shaped latch 42 need to be extracted and slipped into the second groove 221, then the second bed board 22 will not be by first The clamping of sliding block 41 and in swingable state, it is simple in construction, ingenious and make so as to realize the unblock and release of the second bed board 22 With conveniently.

The first slotted eye 411 and the second slotted eye 412, and first bed board 21 and second are provided with first sliding block 41 The 3rd slotted eye 212 and the 4th slotted eye 222 are had on plate 22;It is U-shaped when the first sliding block 41 is slided into the second groove 221 The two ends of latch 42 insert the second slotted eye 412 and the 4th slotted eye 222 and are locked at the first bed board 21 and the second bed board 22 respectively Together;When the first sliding block 41 is slided into the first groove 211, the first slotted eye 411 and are inserted in the two ends of U-shaped latch 42 respectively Three slotted eyes 212 and the first sliding block 41 is locked on the first bed board 21.It is conditioned and swings to and first in the second bed board 22 When plate 21 is horizontal, the first sliding block 41 is slipped into the second groove 221, and distinguished by the two ends of U-shaped latch 42 Insert the first slotted eye 411 and the 3rd slotted eye 212 and the first sliding block 41 is fixed on the second bed board 22, prevent the first sliding block 41 from going out Existing sliding block, so that the second bed board 22 can not swing under the clamping effect of the first sliding block 41 and is locked at the first bed board 21 Together, being fixedly connected for the second bed board 22 is realized.

The 5th slotted eye 413, described are provided with the first sliding block 41 between the slotted eye 412 of first slotted eye 411 and second The U-shaped latch 42 is equipped with one slotted eye 411 and the second slotted eye 412;Slided into the first sliding block 41 in the second groove 221 When, the second slotted eye 412 and the 4th slotted eye 222 are inserted and by the first bed board in the two ends of the U-shaped latch 42 on the second slotted eye 412 respectively 21 and second bed board 22 be locked together;It is U-shaped on the second slotted eye 412 when the first sliding block 41 is slided into the first groove 211 The two ends for the U-shaped latch 42 that the two ends of latch 42 are inserted on the second slotted eye 412 and the second slotted eye 412, and the first slotted eye 411 respectively The first slotted eye 411 and the 3rd slotted eye 212 are inserted respectively and the first sliding block 41 is locked on the first bed board 21.The first of the structure A U-shaped latch 42 is respectively equipped with the first slotted eye 411 and the second slotted eye 412 on the two ends of sliding block 41.In the first sliding block 41 When in the first groove 211, the first slotted eye 411 and the 3rd slotted eye are inserted in the two ends of the U-shaped latch 42 on the first slotted eye 411 respectively In 212, now, in the second slotted eye 412 on the two ends of U-shaped latch 42 insert the second slotted eye 412 and the 5th slotted eye 413 respectively It is interior.And when the first sliding block 41 is located in the second groove 221, the two ends of the U-shaped latch 42 on the first slotted eye 411 insert the respectively In one slotted eye 411 and the 5th slotted eye 413, now, in the second slotted eye 412 on the two ends of U-shaped latch 42 insert the second groove respectively In the slotted eye 222 of hole 412 and the 4th, the mounting structure of two ends latch is formed, single U-shaped latch 42 is solved and inserts that to pull out efficiency low The problem of, drastically increase efficiency and convenience that the first sliding block 41 installs fixation.

As shown in figure 1, the elevating mechanism 3 includes motor 31, adapter sleeve 32, slide bar 33, the second sliding block 34 and screw mandrel 35, The motor 31 is fixedly installed on the vehicle frame 1, and the slide bar 33 is set to two, and slide bar 33 is fixedly installed in the vehicle frame On 1;Second sliding block 34 is slidably sheathed on two slide bars 33, one end of the screw mandrel 35 and second sliding block 34 are fixedly connected, the bottom surface of the second bed board 22 described in the top pressure of the second sliding block 34;The adapter sleeve 32 is provided with internal thread, described The output end of motor 31 is fixedly connected with one end of the adapter sleeve 32, and another bar of the screw mandrel 35 is another with adapter sleeve 32 Hold screw-driven connection.During work, the drive connection of control device controlled motor 31 set 32 rotates.Second sliding block 34 is in slide bar 33 Under guide effect, the lower end for the screw mandrel 35 being connected with the screw-driven of adapter sleeve 32 is transported up or down under the driving of adapter sleeve 32 It is dynamic, so that the second sliding block 34 being fixedly connected with the upper end of screw mandrel 35 is driven and is moved upwardly or downwardly, and then realization pair The function of the regulation of the height and angle of second bed board 22, with the height for automatically, rapidly and easily adjusting the second bed board 22 And the characteristics of angle.

The upper end of second sliding block 34 is rotatable to be provided with pulley 36, the second bed board 22 described in the top pressure of pulley 36 Bottom surface.When the second sliding block 34 is moved upwardly or downwardly, it is pivoting friction between the bed board 22 of pulley 36 and second, prevents second Rigidity friction is produced between the sliding block 34 of plate 22 and second and causes the second bed board 22 to swing the appearance having some setbacks with noise.

As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 4, it is provided with first through hole and the second through hole, the vehicle frame 1 and is provided with first bed board 21 It is " J " type latch 5 has been slidably mounted in jack, the first through hole, described " the longer end insertion described first of J " types latch 5 In through hole, and " shorter end of J " types latch 5 is sequentially inserted into second through hole and jack and the first bed board 21 is fixedly mounted In on vehicle frame 1.The structure passes through " the first bed board 21 can be quickly installed on vehicle frame 1 by the connect-disconnect structure of J " types latch 5, or First bed board 21 is rapidly disassembled from vehicle frame 1, simple in construction, replacing installation and removal are convenient.

It is described " longer end of J " types latch 5 is provided with limited block, limited block stops " the longer end abjection of J " types latch 5 the One through hole.Under the barrier effect of limited block, " longer end of J " types latch 5 can not deviate from first through hole, can prevent latch from losing Lose, facilitate the installation and removal of the first bed board 21.

Above disclosed is only a kind of preferred embodiment of the invention, can not limit the power of the present invention with this certainly Sharp scope, therefore the equivalent variations made according to the claims in the present invention, still belong to the scope that the present invention is covered.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of intelligent stretcher, it is characterised in that:Including vehicle frame and the bed mechanism being installed on vehicle frame, elevating mechanism, lock Tight mechanism, obstacle detection system, drive device and control device, the bed mechanism are removably mounted on the vehicle frame, and The bed mechanism includes the first bed board and the second bed board being hinged with the first bed board, and first bed board and the second bed board are located at The upper surface of the vehicle frame, first bed board is fixedly installed on vehicle frame;The clutch end of the elevating mechanism with it is described Second bed board connects and drives the second bed board to swing;The retaining mechanism is in the bed mechanism, in the first bed board and the When the upper surface of two bed boards is in processing same level, the first bed board and the second bed board are locked at one by the retaining mechanism Rise;The obstacle detection system is fixedly installed in the front end of the vehicle frame, the obstacle detection system and drive device with it is described Control device is electrically connected.
2. a kind of intelligent stretcher according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vehicle frame senses control provided with handle Device, the handle induction controller is included before handle, first sensor, second sensor and connector, the handle End is fixedly connected by first sensor with vehicle frame;The second sensor and connector are set to two, the two ends of the handle It is connected by second sensor with one end of the connector;Slotted eye is provided with vehicle frame, the other end of the connector is slidably It is plugged in slotted eye;The first sensor and second sensor are electrically connected with the control device.
3. a kind of intelligent stretcher according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The drive device include the first motor and Second motor, the bottom of frame is provided with front wheels and rear wheels;First motor and the second motor are electrically connected with the control device Connect;The front-wheel is universal wheel, and first motor and the second motor are respectively arranged on two trailing wheels and drive rear wheel.
4. a kind of intelligent stretcher according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The side of first bed board and the second bed board The first groove and the second groove are had on face;The retaining mechanism includes the first sliding block and U-shaped latch, first sliding block It is slidably mounted in the first groove and the second groove;The length of first sliding block is less than the first groove and more than the second groove Length;When the first sliding block is slided into the second groove, the two ends of U-shaped latch insert the first sliding block and the second bed board respectively and First bed board and the second bed board are locked together.
5. a kind of intelligent stretcher according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The first slotted eye is provided with first sliding block The 3rd slotted eye and the 4th slotted eye are had with the second slotted eye, and first bed board and the second bed board;Slided in the first sliding block When moving into the second groove, the second slotted eye and the 4th slotted eye are inserted and by the first bed board and second in the two ends of U-shaped latch respectively Plate is locked together;When the first sliding block is slided into the first groove, the first slotted eye and the 3rd are inserted in the two ends of U-shaped latch respectively Slotted eye and by the first slider locking to the first bed board.
6. a kind of intelligent stretcher according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Between first slotted eye and the second slotted eye The first sliding block on be provided with the 5th slotted eye, first slotted eye and the second slotted eye and be equipped with the U-shaped latch;In the first sliding block When sliding into the second groove, the second slotted eye and the 4th slotted eye are inserted and by the two ends of the U-shaped latch on the second slotted eye respectively One bed board and the second bed board are locked together;When the first sliding block is slided into the first groove, U-shaped latch on the second slotted eye The two ends for the U-shaped latch that two ends are inserted on the second slotted eye and the second slotted eye, and the first slotted eye respectively insert respectively the first slotted eye and 3rd slotted eye and by the first slider locking to the first bed board.
7. a kind of intelligent stretcher according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The elevating mechanism includes motor, connection Set, slide bar, the second sliding block and screw mandrel, the motor are fixedly installed on the vehicle frame, and the slide bar is set to two, and slide bar is solid Dingan County is loaded on the vehicle frame;Second sliding block is slidably sheathed on two slide bars, one end of the screw mandrel and institute State the second sliding block to be fixedly connected, the bottom surface of the second bed board described in the second sliding block top pressure;The adapter sleeve is provided with internal thread, institute The output end for stating motor is fixedly connected with one end of the adapter sleeve, another bar of the screw mandrel and the other end screw thread of adapter sleeve Drive connection.
8. a kind of intelligent stretcher according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The rotatable peace in upper end of second sliding block Equipped with pulley, the bottom surface of the second bed board described in the pulley top pressure.
9. a kind of intelligent stretcher according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:First through hole is provided with first bed board With the second through hole, it is provided with jack, the first through hole on the vehicle frame and has been slidably mounted " J " type latch, " J " type is inserted The longer end of pin is inserted in the first through hole, and the shorter end of " J " type latch is sequentially inserted into second through hole and jack And the first bed board is fixedly installed on vehicle frame.
10. a kind of intelligent stretcher according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:Set in the longer end of " J " the type latch Limited location block, limited block stops the longer end abjection first through hole of " J " type latch.
CN201710157431.2A 2017-03-16 2017-03-16 A kind of intelligent stretcher CN106963565A (en)

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Cited By (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108743061A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-06 夏祝龙 A kind of thoracic surgery nursing stretcher bed
CN109124901A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-01-04 无锡市第二人民医院 Automatically walk medical treatment bed system

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108743061A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-06 夏祝龙 A kind of thoracic surgery nursing stretcher bed
CN109124901A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-01-04 无锡市第二人民医院 Automatically walk medical treatment bed system

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