CN106948998A - A kind of hybrid wave energy trap setting - Google Patents

A kind of hybrid wave energy trap setting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106948998A
CN106948998A CN201710334330.8A CN201710334330A CN106948998A CN 106948998 A CN106948998 A CN 106948998A CN 201710334330 A CN201710334330 A CN 201710334330A CN 106948998 A CN106948998 A CN 106948998A
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China
Prior art keywords
hydraulic cylinder
pressure
energy
hydraulic
main chamber
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CN201710334330.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑思明
张永良
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Tsinghua University
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Tsinghua University
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Priority to CN201710334330.8A priority Critical patent/CN106948998A/en
Publication of CN106948998A publication Critical patent/CN106948998A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/12Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy
    • F03B13/14Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy
    • F03B13/141Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy with a static energy collector
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of hybrid wave energy trap setting, including main cavity, float, pneumatic type energy capture system, fluid pressure type energy capture system and mooring system;Pneumatic type energy capture system is located at the top of main cavity;Fluid pressure type energy capture system is located at main cavity top, and fluid pressure type energy capture system includes hydraulic energy application module, hydraulic cylinder and hydraulic stem, connected between hydraulic energy application module and hydraulic cylinder by pipeline, hydraulic cylinder is flexibly connected with main cavity;Float is flexibly connected by firm arm with main cavity, and hydraulic stem is flexibly connected with firm arm;Mooring system is located at main cavity bottom.In the present invention, supported in float by main cavity, without extra mooring system and platform, reduce cost;Vapour-pressure type energy capture system and fluid pressure type energy capture system are in more than water surface curve, all the time not with contact with sea water, will not be adhered to by seawater corrosion and marine organisms, good reliability, durability is strong, and good stability is easily installed maintenance.

Description

A kind of hybrid wave energy trap setting
Technical field
Technical field is utilized the present invention relates to ocean wave energy, more particularly to a kind of hybrid wave energy trap setting.
Background technology
Contain huge energy in the ocean of the length and breadth of land, wherein wave energy is about 2.11TW.Compared to other renewable energies Source, development and utilization ocean wave energy has very significant advantage:The energy that ocean wave is contained is all regenerative resources Midst density maximum, and integrated distribution is near sea;The theoretical energy capture efficiency and actual efficiency of wave energy will be high In solar energy and wind energy;Energy is produced in the time that wave energy apparatus can be more than 90%;Wave energy can propagate it is far and The less energy of loss;The negative effect that development and utilization wave energy is produced to environment is smaller.
Because wave energy is grade highest in ocean energy, distribution most wide renewable and clean energy resource, if can efficiently change With utilize wave energy, and improve the survival ability of device, reduce installation cost, be just expected to realize large-scale commercial applications popularization and application, The exploitation of marine energy pattern that zero-emission circulates low-carbon economy is formed, the energy shortage of coastal area and Island is solved the problems, such as, Thus studying a kind of simple in construction and efficient work wave energy trap setting has especially important meaning.
At present, wave energy conversion theory is large number of.1000 multinomial wave energy have been had more than in Japan, North America and European Region The technical patent of conversion.Type is captured according to wave energy, wave energy trap setting can be broadly divided into oscillating float type (OB), raft formula, pendulum 5 kinds of formula, oscillaton water column type (OWC) and more unrestrained formula.Wherein, two kinds of wave energy trapping mode structures of oscillating float type and oscillaton water column type Simply, good reliability, development prospect is wide.
The physical dimension of oscillating float type is smaller relative to incidence wave wavelength, relies primarily on the vibration up and down of float to capture Wave energy, drives generating set to generate electricity or drive desalinization component to desalinize seawater.Oscillaton water column type agent structure is a chamber, Chamber is opened on seawater by one in underwater and connected, and drives lower chamber to be internally formed top in oscillating water column, cavity in wave Air drives the air turbine at the top of cavity to rotate with airflow pattern, drives generating set to generate electricity.
Disclosed in Publication No. CN102720629A, the patent document of entitled " Wave energy converting device and its system " Such a wave power utilization system.The system includes Wave energy converting device, vertically-mounted and be fixed on vertical in wave The fixed arm of post and fixed Wave energy converting device.Wherein Wave energy converting device is mainly fixedly linked by buoyancy tank, with buoyancy tank Cylinder body and relatively-stationary vertical rod constitute, vertical rod and cylinder body surround sealed gas chamber.Rised and fallen on the waves in buoyancy tank and up and down During motion, wave energy is converted into compressed air.Because the device is related to multiple sealed air chamber, structure is more multiple Miscellaneous, reliability and durability are poor.
In Publication No. CN106194558A, entitled " large-diameter circular tubular transmission dike and oscillating water column wave energy power generation dress Put " patent document in disclose a kind of oscillaton water column type Wave energy electric generator based on large-diameter circular tubular transmission dike, mainly Including large-diameter circular cylinder, cylinder lamina tecti, bottom opening, support stake, air chamber, gas channel, air turbine and generating set.Greatly Diameter circle inner barrel water body is connected by bottom opening with outside seawater, under the wave action cylinder inner cylinder body inner plenum gas Buckling makes to produce air-flow at gas channel, drives air turbine and generating set to generate electricity.The device is based on existing big straight What footpath cylindrical shape transmission dike was proposed, it is only limitted to be combined with large-diameter circular tubular transmission dike engineering, is unfavorable for a wide range of popularization.
Because single oscillating float type physical dimension is smaller, it is sensitive to wave frequency, and wave energy capture power can't be too high, and Mooring system or the support platform accounting in the construction cost of oscillating float type are huge;Single oscillaton water column type wave energy capture efficiency It is relatively low, for enhancing energy capture ability, generally requires large-size, cost is of a relatively high.
The content of the invention
To solve above technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of simple in construction, good reliability, durability height, construction cost Low, wave energy capture efficiency is high and is beneficial to the hybrid wave energy trap setting of large-scale promotion.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides following scheme:
The present invention provides a kind of hybrid wave energy trap setting, including main cavity, float, pneumatic type energy capture system System, some fluid pressure type energy capture systems and mooring system;The pneumatic type energy capture system is arranged at main chamber body Top;Some fluid pressure type energy capture systems are arranged at main chamber body top periphery, each fluid pressure type energy prisoner Obtaining system includes hydraulic energy application module, hydraulic cylinder and the hydraulic stem being arranged in the hydraulic cylinder, the hydraulic energy application Low pressure inflow pipe and high pressure outflow tube are provided between module and the hydraulic cylinder, the hydraulic cylinder connects with the activity of main chamber body Connect;The float is flexibly connected by firm arm with main chamber body, and the hydraulic stem is flexibly connected with the firm arm;The anchoring System is arranged at main chamber body bottom.
Optionally, support platform is provided with the external wall of main chamber, for placing the fluid pressure type energy capture system.
Optionally, the fluid pressure type energy capture system includes high-voltage energy-storage voltage-stablizer, the liquid being sequentially connected by pipeline Pressure motor and low pressure energy-storing pressure-stabilizing device, are connected between the high-voltage energy-storage voltage-stablizer and the hydraulic cylinder by the first high pressure outflow tube Connect, connected between the low pressure energy-storing pressure-stabilizing device and the hydraulic cylinder by the first low pressure inflow pipe;It is preferred that, described first is high Extrude and be provided with the first check valve between flow tube and the hydraulic cylinder, set between the first low pressure inflow pipe and the hydraulic cylinder It is equipped with the second check valve;It is furthermore preferred that high by multiple described first between the high-voltage energy-storage voltage-stablizer and the hydraulic cylinder Extrude flow tube connection;Connected between the low pressure energy-storing pressure-stabilizing device and the hydraulic cylinder by multiple first low pressure inflow pipes Connect.
Optionally, also including the first generating set with the hydraulic motor power connector.
Optionally, the fluid pressure type energy capture system includes filter, pressure regulator and membrane module, the pressure regulator and institute Membrane module is stated to connect by pipeline;The water inlet of the filter is connected with suction hose, and the delivery port of the filter passes through Two low pressure inflow pipes are connected with the hydraulic cylinder;The import of the pressure regulator is connected by the second high pressure outflow tube and the hydraulic cylinder It is logical, fresh water production outlet pipe and strong brine discharge pipe are connected with the membrane module;It is preferred that, the second high pressure outflow tube with it is described The first check valve is provided between hydraulic cylinder;It is unidirectional that second is provided between the second low pressure inflow pipe and the hydraulic cylinder Valve;It is furthermore preferred that being connected between the pressure regulator and the hydraulic cylinder by multiple second high pressure outflow tubes;The filtering Connected between device and the hydraulic cylinder by multiple second low pressure inflow pipes.
Optionally, the mooring system includes anchor chain and anchor, and described anchor chain one end is arranged at main chamber body bottom, another End is connected with anchor.
Optionally, the mooring system is multiple.
Optionally, ears ring is provided with the external wall of main chamber, the firm arm is connect by bearing pin with the ears battle pin Together;It is preferred that, the external wall of main chamber passes through a ball head rod and institute provided with the first ball pivot seat, the first ball pivot seat State the bottom connection of hydraulic cylinder;The hydraulic stem is hinged by a second ball pivot seat being arranged on the firm arm.
Optionally, main chamber body is tubular structure;Main chamber body top is taper, the pneumatic type energy capture system System is arranged in conical section;It is preferred that, the inside and outside wall of main chamber body scribbles anti-corrosion material;It is furthermore preferred that described floating Son is that the steel plate for scribbling anti-corrosion material by surface twists the closed structure being welded.
Optionally, the pneumatic type energy capture system includes air turbine and the second generating set, the air turbine With the second generating set power connector.
The present invention achieves following technique effect relative to prior art:
1st, the water cycle performance curve in the present invention between float and oscillating water column can capture performance to the wave energy of device Make a significant impact.By selecting appropriate physical dimension, the fluid column vibration in float vibration and main cavity can be made to resonate, The wave energy capture power of pneumatic type energy capture system and fluid pressure type energy capture system is all strengthened, and then is greatly improved The wave energy capture performance of device, its wave energy capture power can be significantly higher than individually placed oscillating water column device and individually put Some oscillating floater wave energies capture power sum put;2nd, float of the invention is connected on main cavity by firm arm, floating Support is provided by main cavity in sub- oscillatory process, without the extra mooring system and support platform needed for design and making float, Reduce installation cost;3rd, the vapour-pressure type energy capture system and fluid pressure type energy capture system in the present invention are each attached to main chamber In external support platform, good operation stability, and be easily installed and safeguard;4th, the vapour-pressure type energy capture system in the present invention Be in more than water surface curve with fluid pressure type energy capture system, all the time not with contact with sea water, device both will not by seawater corruption Erosion does not suffer from marine organisms attachment yet, and the good reliability of device, durability is strong;5th, hydraulic energy application module of the present invention can be used Seawater desalination system, is desalinized seawater, device can also output in the lump while being generated electricity using hydraulic energy driving reverse osmosis membrane Fresh water.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to institute in embodiment The accompanying drawing needed to use is briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some implementations of the present invention Example, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without having to pay creative labor, can also be according to these accompanying drawings Obtain other accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention
Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-section of the present invention
Fig. 3 is the fluid pressure type energy capture system partial schematic diagram of the present invention
Fig. 4 is a kind of schematic diagram of hydraulic energy application module in the present invention
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of another hydraulic energy application module in the present invention
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram that some hydraulic cylinders of the invention share hydraulic energy application module
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram that some hydraulic cylinders of the invention share hydraulic energy application module.
Description of reference numerals:1st, main cavity;2nd, float;3rd, pneumatic type energy capture system;4th, fluid pressure type energy capture system System;5th, firm arm;6th, hydraulic cylinder;7th, hydraulic energy application module;11st, it is open;12nd, anchor chain;13rd, anchor;14th, support platform;31st, air Turbine;32nd, the second generating set;33rd, steelframe;51st, bearing pin;52nd, ears ring;61st, the first ball pivot seat;62nd, ball rod;63rd, liquid Depression bar;64th, the second ball pivot seat;65th, the second check valve;66th, the first low pressure inflow pipe;66', the second low pressure inflow pipe;67th, first Check valve;68th, the first high pressure outflow tube;68', the second high pressure outflow tube;71st, high-voltage energy-storage voltage-stablizer;72nd, low pressure energy-storing pressure-stabilizing Device;73rd, hydraulic motor;74th, the first generating set;75th, suction hose;76th, filter;77th, pressure regulator;78th, membrane module;79th, it is light Aquatic products outlet pipe;79', strong brine discharge pipe;80th, sea bed;81st, wave;82nd, liquid level.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of hybrid wave energy trap setting, to solve developing in the prior art The problem of during ocean wave energy, apparatus structure complexity, poor reliability, poor durability, construction cost are high, wave energy capture power is low, So as to preferably develop wave energy.
Based on this, the hybrid wave energy trap setting that the present invention is provided, it includes main cavity, float, pneumatic type energy Capture system, some fluid pressure type energy capture systems and mooring system, can convert wave energy into air pressure or hydraulic energy, And then it is converted into the energy of other forms.
The present invention is coordinated using main cavity, float, pneumatic type energy capture system and some fluid pressure type energy capture systems Use, both solved the problems, such as suspension and the workbench of device, reducingd the construction costs, made to simplify the structure, improve reliability and Durability, can increase the capture efficiency and power of energy again, and wave energy is preferably developed so as to realize.
It is below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific real to enable the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention more obvious understandable Applying mode, the present invention is further detailed explanation.
Embodiment one:
As shown in figure 1, the present embodiment provides a kind of hybrid wave energy trap setting, including it is main cavity 1, float 2, pneumatic Formula energy capture system 3, fluid pressure type energy capture system 4 and mooring system;The pneumatic type energy capture system 3 is arranged at institute State the top of main cavity 1;The fluid pressure type energy capture system 4 is arranged at the top periphery of main chamber body 1, and is uniformly distributed, The fluid pressure type energy capture system 4 includes hydraulic energy application module 7, hydraulic cylinder 6 and the hydraulic pressure being arranged in the hydraulic cylinder 6 Bar 63, low pressure inflow pipe and high pressure outflow tube, the liquid are provided between the hydraulic energy application module 7 and the hydraulic cylinder 6 Cylinder pressure 6 is flexibly connected with main chamber body 1;The float 2 is flexibly connected by firm arm 5 with main chamber body 1, the hydraulic stem 63 are flexibly connected with the firm arm 5;The mooring system is arranged at the bottom of main chamber body 1.
The buoyancy that main chamber body 1 and float 2 are produced makes whole device float on sea, with the fluctuating of wave 81, Relative height change is produced between the float 2 and main chamber body 1, this change causes connection main chamber body 1 and institute The firm arm 5 for stating float 2 is rotated around point is flexibly connected, and then promotes the hydraulic stem 63 movable in the hydraulic cylinder 6, The change of the inner volume of hydraulic cylinder 6 makes to produce pressure change in hydraulic cylinder 6, and pressure change passes through the low pressure inflow pipe and institute State high pressure outflow tube and be delivered to the fluid pressure type energy capture system, wave energy is converted for hydraulic energy, captureed by fluid pressure type energy Obtain system utilization.Because the upper end of main chamber body 1 is open setting, with the fluctuating of wave 81, liquid level 82 in main chamber body 1 Generation height change, has airflow fluctuation, and the energy that this airflow fluctuation drives is inhaled by the pneumatic type energy capture system 3 Receive.
In this specific embodiment, as Figure 1-3, support platform 14 is provided with the outer wall of main chamber body 1, for putting The fluid pressure type energy capture system is put, vapour-pressure type energy capture system and fluid pressure type energy capture system is in water surface curve More than, all the time not with contact with sea water, device both will not by seawater corrosion and also do not suffer from marine organisms attachment, device can Good by property, durability is strong;The mooring system includes anchor chain 12 and anchor 13, and described one end of anchor chain 12 is arranged at main chamber body 1 Bottom, the other end is connected with anchor 13, and hybrid wave energy trap setting is fixed on sea bed 80 by the anchor chain 12 and the anchor 13 On;Ears ring 52 is provided with the outer wall of main chamber body 1, the firm arm 5 is by bearing pin 51 and the pin joint of ears ring 52 one Rise, the firm arm 5 is rotated around the bearing pin 51;The outer wall of main chamber body 1 is provided with the first ball pivot seat 61, described the One ball pivot seat 61 is connected by a ball head rod 62 with the bottom of the hydraulic cylinder 6;The hydraulic stem 63 is arranged on institute by one The seat of the second ball pivot on firm arm 5 64 is stated to be hinged;Main chamber body 1 is tubular structure;The top of main chamber body 1 is taper, bottom Opening 11 is provided with, the pneumatic type energy capture system 3 is arranged in conical section;The inside and outside wall of main chamber body 1 is equal Scribble anti-corrosion material;The float 2 is that the steel plate for scribbling anti-corrosion material by surface twists the closed structure being welded;The gas Dynamic formula energy capture system 3 includes the generating set 32 of air turbine 31 and second, and the air turbine 31 generates electricity with described second The power connector of unit 32, second generating set 32 is fixed on main chamber body 1 by steelframe 33.
Further, as shown in figure 4, the high pressure that the fluid pressure type energy capture system includes being sequentially connected by pipeline stores Energy voltage-stablizer 71, hydraulic motor 73 and low pressure energy-storing pressure-stabilizing device 72, between the high-voltage energy-storage voltage-stablizer 71 and the hydraulic cylinder 6 Connected, entered between the low pressure energy-storing pressure-stabilizing device 72 and the hydraulic cylinder 6 by the first low pressure by the first high pressure outflow tube 68 Flow tube 66 is connected;The first check valve 67 is provided between the first high pressure outflow tube 68 and the hydraulic cylinder 6, described first is low The second check valve 65 is provided between press-in flow tube and the hydraulic cylinder 6.First generator of power connector of hydraulic motor 73 Group 74.
The hydraulic energy produced in the hydraulic cylinder 6 flows into the fluid pressure type energy capture through the first high pressure outflow tube 68 The high-voltage energy-storage voltage-stablizer 71 in system, the hydraulic motor 73 is rotated under the drive of hydraulic energy, and then is driven described First generating set 74 generates electricity, and completes wave energy and electric transformation of energy.The high-voltage energy-storage voltage-stablizer 71 and the low pressure accumulation of energy Voltage-stablizer 72 makes the pressure remained steady in the fluid pressure type energy capture system.
In another embodiment, the fluid pressure type energy capture system includes filter 76, pressure regulator 77 and membrane module 78, The pressure regulator 77 is connected with the membrane module 78 by pipeline;The water inlet of the filter 76 is connected with suction hose 75, uses In absorbing seawater, the delivery port of the filter 76 is connected by the second low pressure inflow pipe 66' with the hydraulic cylinder 6;It is described to adjust The import of depressor 77 is connected by the second high pressure outflow tube 68' with the hydraulic cylinder 6, and fresh water production is connected with the membrane module 78 Outlet pipe 79 and strong brine discharge pipe 79';It is unidirectional that first is provided between the second high pressure outflow tube 68' and the hydraulic cylinder 6 Valve 67;The second check valve 65 is provided between the second low pressure inflow pipe 66' and the hydraulic cylinder 6.
The hydraulic energy produced in the hydraulic cylinder 6 produces suction, and seawater is sucked into institute by suction hose 75 and filter State in hydraulic cylinder 6, then the pressure regulator 77 and the membrane module 78 are flowed into by the second high pressure outflow tube 68', described The maritime interior waters of membrane module 78 is divided into fresh water and strong brine, and the fresh water flows into collecting device, dense salt from the fresh water production outlet pipe 79 Water is discharged from the strong brine discharge pipe 79'.
In further embodiment, by described in four between the high-voltage energy-storage voltage-stablizer 71 and the hydraulic cylinder 6 First high pressure outflow tube 68 is connected;By four described first low between the low pressure energy-storing pressure-stabilizing device 72 and the hydraulic cylinder 6 Press-in flow tube 66 is connected.Connected between the pressure regulator 77 and the hydraulic cylinder 6 by four the second high pressure outflow tube 68' Connect;Pass through four the second low pressure inflow pipe 66' connections between the filter 76 and the hydraulic cylinder 6.
Illustrate the use flow of the present invention below:
When wave 81 passes through, some floats 2 can be driven to do upper and lower opposing oscillatory around main cavity 1 together with some firm arms 5, Dipping and heaving can also occur for the liquid level 82 inside main cavity 1 simultaneously.When liquid level 82 rises, the air in main cavity 1 is compressed, Air pressure increase, air is discharged by pneumatic type energy capture system 3;When liquid level 82 declines, pressure is reduced in main cavity 1, air It is inhaled into by pneumatic type energy capture system 3 in main cavity 1.The air-flow of air flow formation can drive pneumatic type energy to capture The air turbine 31 obtained in system 3 rotates, and then drives the second generating set 32 to generate electricity.
The upper and lower swing of float 2 and firm arm 5 can drive hydraulic stem 63 to do straight reciprocating motion in hydraulic cylinder 6.Second is single The first low pressure inflow pipe 66 is only allowed fluid to valve 65 and flows into hydraulic cylinder 6, and the first check valve 67 only allows fluid from hydraulic pressure Cylinder 6 flows out through the first high pressure outflow tube 68.When float 2 and firm arm 5 are to lower swing, hydraulic stem 63 detaches the fortune of hydraulic cylinder 6 It is dynamic, negative pressure is formed in hydraulic cylinder 6;When float 2 and firm arm 5 are swung up, hydraulic stem 63 does the motion of press-in hydraulic cylinder 6, meeting High pressure is formed in hydraulic cylinder 6.
When the hydraulic energy application module 7 of the present invention uses the scheme in hydraulic electricity generation loop, the high pressure formed in hydraulic cylinder 6 Hydraulic oil in hydraulic cylinder 6 can be flowed through the first check valve 67 and the first high pressure outflow tube 68 is pumped into high-voltage energy-storage voltage-stablizer 71 In, and hydraulic oil then can be flowed through the He of the first low pressure inflow pipe 66 by the negative pressure formed in hydraulic cylinder 6 from low pressure energy-storing pressure-stabilizing device 72 Second check valve 65 is drawn into hydraulic cylinder 6.Pressure difference between high-voltage energy-storage voltage-stablizer 71 and low pressure energy-storing pressure-stabilizing device 72 can drive Hydrodynamic force feed flows into low pressure energy-storing pressure-stabilizing device 72 from high-voltage energy-storage voltage-stablizer 71, drives hydraulic motor 73 to move, and drive first Generating set 74 generates electricity.
When the hydraulic energy application module 7 of the present invention uses the scheme of seawater desalination system, the negative pressure formed in hydraulic cylinder 6 Seawater can be drawn into suction hose 75 from ocean, and it is unidirectional to flow through filter 76, the second low pressure inflow pipe 66 ' and second successively Valve 65 is entered in hydraulic cylinder 6.The high pressure formed in hydraulic cylinder 6 can then flow through the seawater in hydraulic cylinder 6 first check valve 67 It is pumped into the second high pressure outflow tube 68 ' in pressure regulator 77, after the voltage stabilizing by pressure regulator 77, seawater is pumped into membrane module 78 desalinize seawater, and the fresh water of output flows out through fresh water production outlet pipe 79, and prepares the strong brine produced during fresh water then by dense Brine discharge tube 79 ' is expelled back into big marine.
When the wave energy trap setting of the present invention is arranged on the waters near seashore or ocean platform, hydraulic energy application mould Block 7 can also be correspondingly disposed on seashore or ocean platform.
It should be noted that the quantity of the fluid pressure type energy capture system in the present invention is not limited with the present embodiment, it is real The existing present invention is efficient to develop ocean wave energy, using two or more fluid pressure type energy capture system, equally, float Concrete structure design and quantity and position set and be not limited with the present embodiment, as long as the floating to whole device can be realized ;The quantity of high pressure outflow tube and low pressure inflow pipe, is not limited with the present embodiment.
Apply specific case in this specification to be set forth the principle and embodiment of the present invention, above example Explanation be only intended to help and understand the method for the present invention and its core concept;Simultaneously for those of ordinary skill in the art, According to the thought of the present invention, it will change in specific embodiments and applications.In summary, in this specification Appearance should not be construed as limiting the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of hybrid wave energy trap setting, it is characterised in that including main cavity, float, pneumatic type energy capture system, Some fluid pressure type energy capture systems and mooring system;The pneumatic type energy capture system is arranged at the top of main chamber body Portion;Some fluid pressure type energy capture systems are arranged at main chamber body top periphery, each fluid pressure type energy capture System includes hydraulic energy application module, hydraulic cylinder and the hydraulic stem being arranged in the hydraulic cylinder, the hydraulic energy application mould Low pressure inflow pipe and high pressure outflow tube are provided between block and the hydraulic cylinder, the hydraulic cylinder connects with the activity of main chamber body Connect;The float is flexibly connected by firm arm with main chamber body, and the hydraulic stem is flexibly connected with the firm arm;The anchoring System is arranged at main chamber body bottom.
2. hybrid wave energy trap setting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that set on the external wall of main chamber There is support platform, for placing the fluid pressure type energy capture system.
3. hybrid wave energy trap setting according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the fluid pressure type energy capture system System includes high-voltage energy-storage voltage-stablizer, hydraulic motor and the low pressure energy-storing pressure-stabilizing device being sequentially connected by pipeline, the high-voltage energy-storage Connected between voltage-stablizer and the hydraulic cylinder by the first high pressure outflow tube, the low pressure energy-storing pressure-stabilizing device and the hydraulic cylinder it Between pass through the first low pressure inflow pipe connect;It is preferred that, it is provided with first between the first high pressure outflow tube and the hydraulic cylinder Check valve, the second check valve is provided between the first low pressure inflow pipe and the hydraulic cylinder;It is furthermore preferred that the high pressure stores It can be connected between voltage-stablizer and the hydraulic cylinder by multiple first high pressure outflow tubes;The low pressure energy-storing pressure-stabilizing device and institute State and connected by multiple first low pressure inflow pipes between hydraulic cylinder.
4. hybrid wave energy trap setting according to claim 3, it is characterised in that also including with the hydraulic motor First generating set of power connector.
5. hybrid wave energy trap setting according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the fluid pressure type energy capture system System includes filter, pressure regulator and membrane module, and the pressure regulator is connected with the membrane module by pipeline;The filter enters The mouth of a river is connected with suction hose, and the delivery port of the filter is connected by the second low pressure inflow pipe with the hydraulic cylinder;It is described to adjust The import of depressor is connected by the second high pressure outflow tube with the hydraulic cylinder, fresh water production outlet pipe is connected with the membrane module and dense Brine discharge tube;It is preferred that, it is provided with the first check valve between the second high pressure outflow tube and the hydraulic cylinder;Described second The second check valve is provided between low pressure inflow pipe and the hydraulic cylinder;It is furthermore preferred that the pressure regulator and the hydraulic cylinder it Between pass through multiple second high pressure outflow tubes and connect;It is low by multiple described second between the filter and the hydraulic cylinder It is pressed into flow tube connection.
6. hybrid wave energy trap setting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the mooring system includes anchor chain And anchor, described anchor chain one end is arranged at main chamber body bottom, and the other end is connected with anchor.
7. hybrid wave energy trap setting according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the mooring system is multiple.
8. hybrid wave energy trap setting according to claim 2, it is characterised in that set on the external wall of main chamber There is ears ring, the firm arm is connected together by bearing pin with the ears battle pin;It is preferred that, the external wall of main chamber is provided with the One ball pivot seat, the first ball pivot seat is connected by a ball head rod with the bottom of the hydraulic cylinder;The hydraulic stem passes through one The the second ball pivot seat being arranged on the firm arm is hinged.
9. hybrid wave energy trap setting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that main chamber body is tubular knot Structure;Main chamber body top is taper, and the pneumatic type energy capture system is arranged in conical section;It is preferred that, the master The inside and outside wall of cavity scribbles anti-corrosion material;Twisted it is furthermore preferred that the float is the steel plate for scribbling anti-corrosion material by surface The closed structure being welded.
10. hybrid wave energy trap setting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the pneumatic type energy capture System includes air turbine and the second generating set, the air turbine and the second generating set power connector.
CN201710334330.8A 2017-05-12 2017-05-12 A kind of hybrid wave energy trap setting Pending CN106948998A (en)

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