CN106938880A - A kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system - Google Patents

A kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106938880A
CN106938880A CN201710356783.0A CN201710356783A CN106938880A CN 106938880 A CN106938880 A CN 106938880A CN 201710356783 A CN201710356783 A CN 201710356783A CN 106938880 A CN106938880 A CN 106938880A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pond
combined type
domestic sewage
sewage treatment
rural domestic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710356783.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邱俊
邱进
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangxi Yi Jie Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangxi Yi Jie Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN201710356783.0A priority Critical patent/CN106938880A/en
Publication of CN106938880A publication Critical patent/CN106938880A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/30Aerobic and anaerobic processes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F7/00Aeration of stretches of water
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

A kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system, including the grid pond being linked in sequence, anaerobic pond and combined type artificial wetland system, combined type artificial wetland system includes distribution reservoir and multigroup longitudinal direction artificial swamp pond arranged side by side, distribution reservoir connection artificial swamp pond, each group of people's work wetland pond includes hydrolysis acidification pool, two-stage Ball-type packing pond, multistage plant absorption pond, ceramic filtration pond, biological floating bed and solar energy aeration pond.Gravity flow enters buried anaerobic pond after domestic sewage in rural areas removes the bulky grain solid wastes such as leaf, house refuse through grid pond, the part COD in waste water is reduced through anaerobic fermentation, and the larger molecular organicses of difficult degradation are decomposed into after degradable small organic molecule into combined type artificial wetland system, first sewage is evenly distributed into follow-up multigroup longitudinal direction artificial swamp pond arranged side by side through distribution reservoir, the direct qualified discharge of waste water then after processing or nearby into discharging or be back to field irrigation or afforestation after the natural degradation of the subsequent oxidation pool.

Description

A kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system
Technical field
The invention discloses a kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system, and in particular to a kind of unpowered waterpower gravity flow Domestic sewage in rural areas distributed system.
Background technology
With the improvement of people's living standards, the influence that sanitary sewage discharge is caused to environment is outstanding day by day, sanitary sewage The problem of effectively handling is urgently to be resolved hurrily, and city-level, centralized construction of wastewater treatment plant at county level or even township level are greatly solved The sewage handling problem in urban district, counties and districts and small towns that inhabitants live concentrates, but China, as a large agricultural country, people in the countryside reach To 50%, people in the countryside lived and comparatively disperse, and sewage collecting pipe network is quite short of, and rain dirt shunting, industry can not be realized substantially Changing sewage disposal pattern can not be applied in small-scale at village level sewage disposal.The vast rural area land price of China Relatively low, especially having in southern area largely discard pool, wasteland and beach effectively to utilize.And combined type artificial wetland The technology of+oxidation pond is applied to cell, campus and rural area of the population size below 5000 people, can be effectively excellent using landform Gesture, selection physical features more low-lying pool, wasteland or beach is transformed, while need not carry out rain dirt shunting transformation and build greatly The sewage collecting pipe network of scale.Therefore, Artificial Wetland Techniques have shown huge during domestic sewage in rural areas is handled Advantage.
The content of the invention
Arbitrarily discharged for existing vast domestic sewage in rural areas and pollution on the environment problem can not be focused on, this Invention provides a kind of combined type treatment method for rural sewage, and it is dirty effectively to solve vast life in the countryside with the unpowered method of operation Water arbitrarily discharges and can not focus on pollution on the environment problem.
A kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system of the present invention, including grid pond, the grid pond sequential communication first ~the five anaerobic pond and combined type artificial wetland system, it is arranged side by side that combined type artificial wetland system includes distribution reservoir and multigroup longitudinal direction Artificial swamp pond, distribution reservoir connection longitudinal direction multigroup artificial swamp pond arranged side by side, each group of people's work wetland pond includes connecting with distribution reservoir Logical hydrolysis acidification pool, the first Ball-type packing pond, the first plant absorption pond, ceramic filtration pond, the second plant absorption pond, the 3rd plant Thing absorption cell, biological floating bed and solar energy aeration pond and the second Ball-type packing pond;Domestic sewage in rural areas gravity flow enters grid pond, passes through Grid pond, which removes after bulky grain solid waste sequentially to flow automatically in leaf, house refuse, enters the buried first~the 5th anaerobism Pond, the COD in waste water is reduced through anaerobic fermentation, and it is organic that the larger molecular organicses of difficult degradation are decomposed into degradable small molecule After thing gravity flow enters combined type artificial wetland system, first evenly distributes sewage through distribution reservoir arranged side by side to follow-up multigroup longitudinal direction In artificial swamp pond, then in each group of artificial swamp pond successively gravity flow by hydrolysis acidification pool, the first Ball-type packing pond, the One plant absorption pond, ceramic filtration pond, the second plant absorption pond, the 3rd plant absorption pond, biological floating bed and solar energy aeration pond With the second Ball-type packing pond, the waste water after processing directly flow automatically qualified discharge or nearby gravity flow enter oxidation pond further from So discharged after degraded.
The grid of the grid pond is set to horizontal grate.
The bottom of described first~the 5th anaerobic pond is embedded in below earth's surface, and the bottom of the first~the 5th anaerobic pond is set For Anaerobic Treatment functional areas, top board top sets ecological flower bed.
The height of the ecological flower bed is 40~60cm above ground level, and sets prominent in the top surrounding of the ecological flower bed Go out cornice, cornice width is 10~30cm.
Soft combined stuffing is set in the hydrolysis acidification pool.
The special Ball-type packing of water process is set in the first and second Ball-type packing pond.
From the ceramics filling that particle diameter is 3~5mm in the ceramic filtration pond.
The combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system be arranged on residential block sewage can flow automatically entrance physical features it is relatively low Pond, wasteland or beach.
The combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system is flow automatically using waterpower and realizes unpowered operation.
A combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system generally landscape ecological garden.
The present invention using grid pond, anaerobic pond, hydrolysis acidification pool, Ball-type packing pond, plant absorption pond, ceramic filtration pond, Biological floating bed and solar energy aeration pond carries out bio-contact oxidation, biofilter, plant absorption, the optimization group of oxidation pond technology Close, microbial degradation, plant absorption, media filtration are integrated in one as rural domestic sewage treatment, sewage disposal scale Can be from 5m3/ d~500m3/ d carries out subarea processing, makes full use of sewage self-flowing to enter sewage disposal system, overall process is used Unpowered operation, effectively solves vast domestic sewage in rural areas and arbitrarily discharges and can not focus on pollution on the environment Problem.
It is the residence district in the range of 100 people to 5000 people, campus that the technology of the present invention, which is applied to south China population size, And rural domestic sewage treatment.It is particularly suitable for transforming the discarded pool in rural area, wasteland, beach as Wetland ecological landscape, is improving Be used to afforesting after sanitary sewage is effectively handled while sensory ambient, treegarden irrigation etc..
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention will be further described.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of combined type technology for treating domestic sewage in rural area system profile of the present invention.
Label in figure:1- grid ponds, the anaerobic ponds of 2- first, the anaerobic ponds of 3- second, the anaerobic ponds of 4- the 3rd, the anaerobism of 5- the 4th Pond, the anaerobic ponds of 6- the 5th, 7- anaerobic pond cover plates, 8- ecology flower beds, 9- distribution reservoirs, 10- hydrolysis acidification pools, 11- first is spherical to be filled out Material pond, the first plant absorptions of 12- pond, 13- ceramic filtrations pond, the second plant absorptions of 14- pond, 15- walkway boards, the plants of 16- the 3rd Absorption cell, 17- is biological floating bed and solar energy aeration pond, the second Ball-type packings of 18- pond.
Embodiment
As shown in figure 1, a kind of embodiment of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system one of the invention includes grid pond 1, should The anaerobic pond 2,3,4,5,6 of 1 sequential communication of grid pond the first~the 5th and combined type artificial wetland system, wherein combined type artificial are wet Ground system includes a distribution reservoir 9 and multigroup longitudinal direction artificial swamp pond arranged side by side, and it is arranged side by side multigroup artificial that the distribution reservoir 9 connects longitudinal direction Wetland pond, each group of people's work wetland pond includes hydrolysis acidification pool 10, the plant of the first Ball-type packing pond 11, first connected with distribution reservoir 9 Thing absorption cell 12, ceramic filtration pond 13, the second plant absorption pond 14, the 3rd plant absorption pond 16, biological floating bed and solar energy expose The Ball-type packing pond 18 of gas pond 17 and second.
The anaerobic pond 2,3,4,5,6 of grid pond the 1, first~the 5th and combined type artificial wetland system in the present invention use steel Mixed or brick mixes form construction, sewage quantity is estimated according to the size of population in sewage accepting regions during design, according to sewage quantity and pollution The volume of each structures of the pollutant process carry calculation of thing concentration and each structures.
Wherein, it is set to horizontal grate on four walls or part of wall of grid pond 1.So by the vertical lattice in conventional grates pond Grid are changed to horizontal grate, effectively solve in conventional grates caused by cleaning not in time filter area is small, filtration resistance Big the problem of.The use of horizontal grate, greatly adds filter area, extends clearance time, can extend clearance time For more than 3 months.
The bottom of first~the 5th anaerobic pond 2,3,4,5,6 is embedded in below earth's surface, and the first~the 5th anaerobic pond 2,3, 4th, 5,6 bottom is set to Anaerobic Treatment functional areas, and top board is formed using cast-in-place mode, and ecological flower bed 8 is set above top board, raw The height of state flower bed 8 is designed as 40~60cm above ground level by anthroposomatology rule, and sets prominent in the top surrounding of ecological flower bed 8 Go out cornice, width is 10~30cm, and sets marble panel in the cornice and alien invasion of ecological flower bed 8, is become at one Recreation deck.
The leading portion in artificial swamp pond filters higher spherical of voidage from the stronger water plant of soil pick-up ability and selecting Filler, semi soft packing etc., relatively weak in back segment selection soil pick-up ability, growth rate is relatively slow but root system is more flourishing hydrophilic Plant, and design the filtering less ceramics filling of voidage by suspension progress fully filtering in waste water and utilize haydite surface attached The microorganism for growth further removes the organic matter in waste water, and concrete mode is to set aquatic floating bed or use in back segment Ceramic flower bed part is soaked in water by the built on stilts design of steel frame construction, root system of plant directly can be absorbed nutrition from waste water.Than Such as:Soft combined stuffing is set in hydrolysis acidification pool 10.Set that water process is special spherical to fill out in first and second Ball-type packing pond 11,18 Material.Root system of plant, is directly placed in waste water by the plant such as aquatic bajiao banana of plantation in first, second and third plant absorption pond 12,14,16 The pollutants such as absorbed nitrogen, phosphorus.In ceramic filtration pond 13 from particle diameter for 3 ~ 5mm ceramics filling by the fine particle that suspended in waste water Filtering is removed.Biological floating bed and solar energy aeration device is designed in biological floating bed and solar energy aeration pond 17, to increase oxygen in the pool Gas concentration, it is ensured that effluent quality reaches emission request.
Combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system of the present invention should select residential block sewage can flow automatically entrance physical features compared with Low pond, wasteland or beach construction, enters and can conveniently discharge so that waste water can flow automatically.Thus using waterpower Gravity flow principle, makes the unpowered operation of a full set of system of the invention, makes full use of microbial degradation, plant absorption, media filtration etc. to make With realizing domestic sewage in rural areas separated practices.
Combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system is designed as into landscape ecological at one in overall appearance design of the present invention to spend Garden.
The present invention is in use, domestic sewage in rural areas gravity flow enters combined type rural sewage treatment system of the present invention, through grid Pond 1, which removes sequentially to flow automatically after the bulky grain solid wastes such as leaf, house refuse, enters buried anaerobic pond 2,3,4,5,6, through detesting Part COD in aerobe fermentation reduction waste water, and the larger molecular organicses of difficult degradation are decomposed into degradable small organic molecule Enter combined type artificial wetland system afterwards.During into combined type artificial wetland system, sewage is evenly distributed through distribution reservoir 9 first Into follow-up multigroup longitudinal direction artificial swamp pond arranged side by side, then hydrolysis acidification pool is sequentially passed through in each group of artificial swamp pond 10th, the first Ball-type packing pond 11, the first plant absorption pond(Flowerpot pond)12nd, ceramic filtration pond 13, the second plant absorption pond(Water is floated Lian Chi)14th, the 3rd plant absorption pond(Flower of Japanese banana pond)16th, the biological floating bed and Ball-type packing pond of solar energy aeration pond 17 and second 18, the direct qualified discharge of waste water after processing or enter nearby the subsequent oxidation pool carry out after further natural degradation discharge or It is back to field irrigation or afforestation.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are these are only, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various Change and change.Within the spirit and principles of the invention, any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made etc., all should be included Within protection scope of the present invention.Such as, the anaerobic pond, ceramic filtration pond, Ball-type packing pond, the number in plant absorption pond The difference that sewage quantity can be handled according to day is accordingly increased or decreased, and should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system, including grid pond(1), it is characterised in that grid pond order connects Logical first~the 5th anaerobic pond(2、3、4、5、6)With combined type artificial wetland system, combined type artificial wetland system includes water distribution Pond(9)The artificial swamp pond arranged side by side with multigroup longitudinal direction, distribution reservoir connection longitudinal direction multigroup artificial swamp pond arranged side by side, each group of people's work Wetland pond includes the hydrolysis acidification pool connected with distribution reservoir(10), the first Ball-type packing pond(11), the first plant absorption pond(12)、 Ceramic filtration pond(13), the second plant absorption pond(14), the 3rd plant absorption pond(16), biological floating bed and solar energy aeration pond (17)With the second Ball-type packing pond(18);Domestic sewage in rural areas gravity flow enters grid pond, and leaf, house refuse are removed through grid pond Sequentially gravity flow enters the buried first~the 5th anaerobic pond after middle bulky grain solid waste(2、3、4、5、6), through anaerobic fermentation The COD in waste water is reduced, and the larger molecular organicses of difficult degradation are decomposed into after degradable small organic molecule entrance of flowing automatically Combined type artificial wetland system, first evenly distributes sewage to follow-up multigroup longitudinal direction artificial swamp pond arranged side by side through distribution reservoir In, then hydrolysis acidification pool, the first Ball-type packing pond, the first plant absorption are passed through in gravity flow successively in each group of artificial swamp pond Pond, ceramic filtration pond, the second plant absorption pond, the 3rd plant absorption pond, biological floating bed and solar energy aeration pond and second are spherical Filler pond, the direct qualified discharge of waste water or discharge after the entrance further natural degradation of oxidation pond nearby after processing.
2. a kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the grid pond Grid be set to horizontal grate.
3. a kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described first~ The bottom of 5th anaerobic pond is embedded in below earth's surface, and the bottom of the first~the 5th anaerobic pond is set to Anaerobic Treatment functional areas, Ecological flower bed is set above top board(8).
4. a kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the ecological flower The height of altar is 40~60cm above ground level, and sets prominent cornice in the top surrounding of the ecological flower bed, and cornice width is 10~30cm.
5. a kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the hydrolysis acid Change and soft combined stuffing is set in pond.
6. a kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described first, The special Ball-type packing of water process is set in two Ball-type packing ponds.
7. a kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the haydite mistake From the ceramics filling that particle diameter is 3 ~ 5mm in filter tank.
8. a kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the combined type Rural domestic sewage treatment system, which is arranged on residential block sewage, can flow automatically relatively low pond, wasteland or the beach of physical features of entrance.
9. a kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the combined type Rural domestic sewage treatment system is flow automatically using waterpower and realizes unpowered operation.
10. a kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the combination A formula rural domestic sewage treatment system generally landscape ecological garden.
CN201710356783.0A 2017-05-16 2017-05-16 A kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system Pending CN106938880A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710356783.0A CN106938880A (en) 2017-05-16 2017-05-16 A kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710356783.0A CN106938880A (en) 2017-05-16 2017-05-16 A kind of combined type rural domestic sewage treatment system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106938880A true CN106938880A (en) 2017-07-11

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109879536A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-06-14 段林卓 A kind of domestic sewage in rural areas purification system and purification method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109879536A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-06-14 段林卓 A kind of domestic sewage in rural areas purification system and purification method

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