CN106936216A - A kind of panorama monitors analysis process system on-line - Google Patents

A kind of panorama monitors analysis process system on-line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106936216A
CN106936216A CN201710223743.9A CN201710223743A CN106936216A CN 106936216 A CN106936216 A CN 106936216A CN 201710223743 A CN201710223743 A CN 201710223743A CN 106936216 A CN106936216 A CN 106936216A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cpu
interface
unit
communication unit
analysis process
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710223743.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
余娟
刘鸿涛
闫少春
张庚生
刘进进
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Nari Jiyuan Power Grid Technology Co Ltd
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Anhui Nari Jiyuan Power Grid Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Nari Jiyuan Power Grid Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Anhui Nari Jiyuan Power Grid Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710223743.9A priority Critical patent/CN106936216A/en
Publication of CN106936216A publication Critical patent/CN106936216A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • H02J13/0006
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N7/00Television systems
    • H04N7/18Closed-circuit television [CCTV] systems, i.e. systems in which the video signal is not broadcast

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of panorama on-line monitoring analysis process system, including:PMU, CPU, front-end collection access unit and access secure communication unit;The PMU is CPU, front-end collection unit and access secure communication unit provide power supply and power and manage;CPU is managed by the interface of standard serial port 485 to PMU;The front-end collection unit is responsible for collection information and the information transfer of collection is processed to secure communication unit is accessed, the information transfer that access secure communication unit will be processed carries out data interaction to CPU, CPU by wired or wireless network and backstage.The present invention uses panorama database technology, realizes quick storage and efficient retrieval to the magnanimity monitoring data of monitoring circuit, allows the circumference environment of user's overall monitor wire and the ruuning situation of equipment.

Description

A kind of panorama monitors analysis process system on-line
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of electric power, and in particular to a kind of panorama monitors analysis process system on-line, mainly Analyzed for the on-line monitoring towards electric power transmission line.
Background technology
With developing rapidly for power construction, the development in intelligent grid is puted forth effort by country, the continuous expansion of power network scale, Power grid construction and plant maintenance work under MODEL OVER COMPLEX TOPOGRAPHY is also more and more.Power transmission line waypoint is more, line length, wide, Particularly ultra-high-tension power transmission line transmission capacity is big, transmission distance is remote, circuit tunnel condition, environmental condition, geological conditions, day on the way Vaporous condition etc. is big to line security influence on system operation.Remotely supervised for transmission line of electricity body and surrounding enviroment and meteorologic parameter Surveying turns into a urgent job, by remote real-time monitoring circuit running status, realizes state estimation, fault diagnosis, state inspection Repair and Risk-warning, realize to circuit running status it is controllable, can control and controlling.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to be directed to above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, there is provided a kind of panorama is online Monitoring analysis process system.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of panorama monitors analysis process system on-line, including:PMU, CPU, front-end collection are accessed Unit and access secure communication unit;The PMU is CPU, front-end collection unit and accesses safety Communication unit provides power supply and powers and manage;CPU is carried out by the interface of standard serial port 485 to PMU Management;The front-end collection unit is responsible for collection information and by the information transfer of collection to access secure communication unit Reason, to CPU, CPU is by wired or wireless for the information transfer that access secure communication unit will be processed Network carries out data interaction with backstage.
Further, the CPU includes interface module and video processing module, the front-end collection Unit is connected by interface module with video processing module, the video processing module to gather video image at Reason, early warning information is exported by the analyzing and processing of CPU.
Further, the access secure communication unit, including SM1 encryption chips, ISO7816 interfaces, SPI interface and SPI drive modules, the SPI drive modules are connected with SPI interface, and the SMI encryption chips pass through the interfaces of ISO78 16 and SPI Interface is connected with the interface module of CPU.
Further, the front-end collection unit includes configuration type sensor and multi-modal communications module, described many Configuration type sensor is connected by change-over switch with multi-modal communications module, and wherein change-over switch connects with CPU Connect.
Further, the PMU includes voltage-stabilized power supply circuit, first voltage change-over circuit and second voltage Change-over circuit, extraneous power supply is exported by voltage-stabilized power supply circuit and output is connected with first voltage change-over circuit, the first electricity The output end of voltage conversion circuit simultaneously connects second voltage change-over circuit.
Further, the CPU is also connected with terminal interaction application interface, the terminal interaction application interface For bootloader provides terminal interaction ability, realize interacting for user and station command, and on-line monitoring equipment is provided should With the transmission of program, renewal, storage, allocative abilities, there is provided application program loads, updates interrupt vector table, jumps to and apply journey Sequence and the ability run.
Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the beneficial effect that:
The present invention can smooth dilatation, the dilatation of built-in chip for realizing front-end collection equipment by the way of distributed deployment, Enhancing flexibility and autgmentability;Power supply unit of the present invention is powered and the coil-induced power taking side of being combined using solar electric power supply system Formula, energy-conserving and environment-protective are convenient for installation and maintenance, input voltage+12~24V, battery >=5 year, can be even during without external charging Continuous power supply more than 30 days;Module uses panorama database technology, realizes the quick storage to the magnanimity monitoring data of transmission line of electricity And efficient retrieval, allow the circumference environment of user's overall monitor wire and the ruuning situation of equipment;By terminal interaction application Interface supports controlled acquisition mode and the automatic data collection mode, can set the sampling interval by daemon software(- 24 hours 5 minutes)、 The parameters such as alarm threshold value;And support that data in mobile phone is inquired about and alert receipt.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of panorama on-line monitoring analysis process system structure chart proposed by the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the intellectual analysis data system figure of the CPU proposed by the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the conversion switch circuit structure chart proposed by the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the multi-modal communication front interface circuit diagram proposed by the present invention;
Fig. 5 is voltage detecting circuit figure in battery management unit proposed by the present invention;
Fig. 6 is DC12V voltage-stabilized power supply circuit figures in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is DC12V/DC5V power-switching circuit figures in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is DC5V/DC3V power-switching circuit figures in the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiment describes the specific embodiment of the invention:
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, wherein Fig. 1 is a kind of panorama on-line monitoring analysis process system structure chart proposed by the present invention;Fig. 2 It is the intellectual analysis data system figure of the CPU proposed by the present invention.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of panorama on-line monitoring analysis process system, including:PMU, centre Reason unit, front-end collection access unit and access secure communication unit;The PMU is CPU, front end Collecting unit and access secure communication unit provide power supply and power and manage;CPU passes through the interface of standard serial port 485 PMU is managed;The information transfer that the front-end collection unit is responsible for collection information and will be gathered is pacified to access Full communication unit is processed, and the information transfer that access secure communication unit will be processed is to CPU, and center treatment is single Unit carries out data interaction by wired or wireless network and backstage.
Further, the CPU includes interface module and video processing module, the front-end collection Unit is connected by interface module with video processing module, the video processing module to gather video image at Reason, early warning information is exported by the analyzing and processing of CPU.
CPU is located at and interface module is set between operating system nucleus and hardware circuit, at ARM Reason device, uses BSP to support operating system for board suppot package, enables preferably to run on hardware mainboard.Its kernel-driven Using NXP MQX real time operating systems, the real time operating system has small code density, framework based on component, more perfect Message passing mechanism, in real time and the preemptive type multithreading based on priority, task scheduling, interior can be provided for user applies Deposit management, the basic function of operation hardware.
CPU carries out the intellectual analysis of video image and terminal data information by video processing module, and this is regarded Backstage expert analyzing system is set in frequency processing module, is sentenced using revised theory model, result of the test and result of field running The situation of disconnected transmission line of electricity, provides pre-alarm information, so as to effectively prevent the generation of accident in time.
CPU uses panorama database technology, supports lossy compression method(Linear bandwidth)And Lossless Compression, can be with Seamlessly transitted between lossy compression method and Lossless Compression, under equal conditions, with compression ratio higher, can more neatly met The compression memory requirement of different pieces of information;By data compression, realize depositing the quick of the magnanimity monitoring data of electric power transmission line Storage and efficient retrieval, allow the circumference environment of user's overall monitor transmission line of electricity and the ruuning situation of equipment, effectively reduce and use Family big data memory space, provides the user the efficient working environment of safety and comfort.Meanwhile, CPU can also be from video Compression chip receives the video data frame of certain amount, takes and periodically calls the flow control methods to carry out the verification of the frame losing factor, Numerical value according to the frame losing factor is initialized to video compress chip again, solves the problems, such as the self-adaptative adjustment of code check.
Further, the access secure communication unit, including SM1 encryption chips, ISO7816 interfaces, SPI interface and SPI drive modules, the SPI drive modules are connected with SPI interface, and the SMI encryption chips pass through the interfaces of ISO78 16 and SPI Interface is connected with the interface module of CPU.
Using SM1 encryption chips, there is provided two kinds of interfaces of ISO7816 and SPI, the communication realized with CPU is concentrated Connection.And devise SPI and drive the layer to carry out related register configuration to on-line monitoring equipment SPI interface, it is upper layer application Software provides the driving of easy operate interface.Meanwhile, to ensure communication accuracy, design one kind takes into account wireless channel and network Situation, the method for adaptively selected most suitable transmission rate analyzes wireless video transmission factor to affect, considers wireless communication The speed in road and the unstability of wireless network introduce a number for mark frame losing degree to the influence in whole system performance Value-frame losing the factor, one be data buffer zone in numerical value and Current central processing module according to the frame losing factor usage degree come Judge whether to need to change code check;Two is the size according to the different grades of frame losing factor and residual buffer area determines code check The step-length of adjustment carries out code check adjustment, faster to converge to the code check of stabilization;Solve the packet loss in wireless data transmission The frame per second problem of problem and video image.
Referring to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, wherein Fig. 3 is the conversion switch circuit structure chart proposed by the present invention;Fig. 4 is the present invention The described multi-modal communication front interface circuit diagram for proposing.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, front-end collection unit includes configuration type sensor and multi-modal communications module, multigroup Stance sensor is connected by change-over switch with multi-modal communications module, and wherein change-over switch connects with CPU Connect.
Front-end collection unit is optional, configurable using the connection of configuration type sensor and the multi-modal preposition mode of communication, and Front end sensors or battery controller are accessed by chip UART4 on demand by the switching of optocoupler, sensor and battery control is realized Device processed is accessed.The terminal interaction application layer of design provides terminal interaction ability for bootloader, realizes user and station command Interaction, and provide on-line monitoring appliance applications transmission, renewal, storage, allocative abilities, there is provided application program adds The ability for carrying, update interrupt vector table, jumping to application program and run.
RS485 communications part uses ADM2582E chips, and it has been internally integrated insulating power supply, and input is passed through after isolation VCC_485 and GND_485 are exported to independent current source.Signaled from the Transistor-Transistor Logic level of ARM main control chips output, believed through direction controlling Number MCU_UART0_DIR, then differential signal RS485_0A+ and RS485_0B- after ADM2582E output isolation, then by decoupling Electric capacity, build-out resistor, it is ensured that signal stabilization.
Referring to Fig. 5 to Fig. 8, wherein Fig. 5 is voltage detecting circuit figure in battery management unit proposed by the present invention;Fig. 6 is DC12V voltage-stabilized power supply circuits figure in the embodiment of the present invention;Fig. 7 is DC12V/DC5V power-switching circuits in the embodiment of the present invention Figure;Fig. 8 is DC5V/DC3V power-switching circuit figures in the embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in Fig. 5 to Fig. 8, PMU includes voltage-stabilized power supply circuit, first voltage change-over circuit and the second electricity Voltage conversion circuit, extraneous power supply is exported by voltage-stabilized power supply circuit and is connected output, first with first voltage change-over circuit The output end of voltage conversion circuit simultaneously connects second voltage change-over circuit.
PMU is combined scheme using photovoltaic and coupling power taking, devises an equipment operating environment With power supply monitoring layer, there is provided the operate interface of monitoring frequency, and control are acquired, monitor, controlled to equipment operating temperature The operate interface that external equipment is powered, and using the serial ports single supply electrical level transferring chip of the serial external standard of TTL interfaces of chip TTL RS 232 interfaces are realized, RF radio-frequency communication interface functions are realized.
By the way of solar energy power generating and civil power are combined, using solar energy power generating, it is exported externally fed power supply 12V voltages supply PMU, and civil power exports 12V voltages, solar energy power generating and city by AC-DC converter Electricity is complementary to one another as it is powered.12V supply voltages are connected the 12V voltages of output stabilization by power switch SW1 with mu balanced circuit, Wherein mu balanced circuit is made up of fuse F1, voltage-stabiliser tube D1 and filter capacitor CT1, CT2, CT3, and outside 12V supply voltages pass through Power switch SW1 is connected with one end of fuse, the other end connection voltage-stabiliser tube D1 of fuse, the output end filter in parallel of voltage-stabiliser tube Ripple electric capacity CT1, CT2, CT3 are filtered the 12V voltages of output stabilization;12V voltages one side is powered for electrical equipment, the opposing party Face exports 5V voltages by change-over circuit, and for system provides 5V voltages, 5V voltages export 3V electricity by second voltage change-over circuit Pressure is used for system, i.e., be integrated with power-switching circuit in systems, and the voltage that can export 12V, 5V and 3V is system power supply.
The present invention realizes that TTL RS 232s connect by the serial ports single supply electrical level transferring chip of the serial external standard of TTL interfaces Mouthful, realize RF radio-frequency communication interface functions;Using the GSM/GPRS modules of SIM800C realize low-power consumption voice, SMS sums it is believed that The transmission of breath;PMU is monitored using voltage checking chip NRSEC3000 to each output voltage.
Further, the CPU is also connected with terminal interaction application interface, the terminal interaction application interface For bootloader provides terminal interaction ability, realize interacting for user and station command, and on-line monitoring equipment is provided should With the transmission of program, renewal, storage, allocative abilities, there is provided application program loads, updates interrupt vector table, jumps to and apply journey Sequence and the ability run.
The panorama on-line monitoring analysis process system that the present invention is provided, is mainly directed towards the on-line monitoring of electric power transmission line, As the ring formed a connecting link in electric power transmission line on-line monitoring system, to lower connection front-end collection equipment, to upper realization with The data interaction of main system.Module is integrated with video processing technique, optical fiber sensing technology, electronic measurement technique, wireless telecommunications skill Art, solar energy new energy technology, software engineering etc., are capable of achieving any various types of front end monitoring collections here, including wire Icing, temperature, conducting wire sag, aeolian vibration, conductor galloping, the concussion of secondary span, wire tension, insulator chain windage yaw(Incline)、 Shaft tower stress distribution, shaft tower inclination, shaft tower vibration, pole and tower foundation sliding, insulator contamination, environment weather, image(Video)Deng Collection sensor.
The present invention by the way of distributed deployment, can be smoothed and realize front end by setting configuration type sensor assembly The dilatation of collecting device, the dilatation of built-in chip, strengthen flexibility and autgmentability.
Power supply unit is powered using solar electric power supply system and be combined mode with coil-induced power taking, and energy-conserving and environment-protective are installed It is easy to maintenance, input voltage+12~24V, battery >=5 year can continuously power more than 30 days during without external charging.
Module uses panorama database technology, realizes quick storage and efficient retrieval to magnanimity monitoring data, makes user Can be with the circumference environment of overall monitor wire and the ruuning situation of equipment.
Controlled acquisition mode and the automatic data collection mode are supported by terminal interaction application interface, can be set by daemon software Sampling interval(- 24 hours 5 minutes), the parameter such as alarm threshold value;And support that data in mobile phone is inquired about and alert receipt.
The preferred embodiment for the present invention is explained in detail above in conjunction with accompanying drawing, but the invention is not restricted to above-mentioned implementation Mode, in the ken that those of ordinary skill in the art possess, can also be on the premise of present inventive concept not be departed from Make a variety of changes.
Not departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention can make many other changes and remodeling.It should be appreciated that the present invention is not It is limited to specific implementation method, the scope of the present invention is defined by the following claims.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of panorama monitors analysis process system on-line, it is characterised in that:Including:PMU, CPU, Front-end collection access unit and access secure communication unit;The PMU is CPU, front-end collection list Unit and access secure communication unit provide power supply and power and manage;CPU is by the interface of standard serial port 485 to power supply Administrative unit is managed;The front-end collection unit be responsible for collection information and will gather information transfer to access secure communication Unit is processed, and to CPU, CPU passes through the information transfer that access secure communication unit will be processed Wired or wireless network carries out data interaction with backstage.
2. a kind of panorama according to claim 1 monitors analysis process system on-line, it is characterised in that:The center treatment Unit includes interface module and video processing module, and the front-end collection unit passes through interface module and Video processing Module is connected, and the video processing module is processed the video image for gathering, by the analyzing and processing of CPU Output early warning information.
3. a kind of panorama according to claim 1 monitors analysis process system on-line, it is characterised in that:It is described to access safety Communication unit, including SM1 encryption chips, ISO7816 interfaces, SPI interface and SPI drive modules, the SPI drive modules with SPI interface is connected, and the SMI encryption chips are by ISO7816 interfaces and the interface circuit mould of SPI interface and CPU Block is connected.
4. a kind of panorama according to claim 1 monitors analysis process system on-line, it is characterised in that:The front-end collection Unit includes configuration type sensor and multi-modal communications module, and multigroup stance sensor passes through change-over switch and multimode State communications module is connected, and wherein change-over switch is connected with CPU.
5. a kind of panorama according to claim 1 monitors analysis process system on-line, it is characterised in that:The power management Unit includes voltage-stabilized power supply circuit, first voltage change-over circuit and second voltage change-over circuit, and extraneous power supply passes through voltage stabilizing Power circuit exports and output is connected with first voltage change-over circuit, and the output end of first voltage change-over circuit simultaneously connects second voltage Change-over circuit.
6. a kind of panorama according to claim 1 monitors analysis process system on-line, it is characterised in that:The center treatment Unit is also connected with terminal interaction application interface, and the terminal interaction application interface provides terminal interaction ability for bootloader, Realize interacting for user and station command, and the transmission of on-line monitoring appliance applications, renewals are provided, storage, energy is configured Power, there is provided application program loading, the ability for updating interrupt vector table, jumping to application program and run.
CN201710223743.9A 2017-04-07 2017-04-07 A kind of panorama monitors analysis process system on-line Pending CN106936216A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109088656A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-12-25 浙江瑞能通信科技股份有限公司 High-voltage transmission security wire monitoring method
CN111245964A (en) * 2020-04-23 2020-06-05 浙江乾行信息技术有限公司 Remote acquisition device for multi-configuration environmental parameter values

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2304336C1 (en) * 2006-02-28 2007-08-10 16 Центральный научно-исследовательский испытательный институт Министерства обороны Российской Федерации Station of automated control of electric power supply network
CN202512169U (en) * 2012-04-10 2012-10-31 安徽中兴继远信息技术股份有限公司 Electricity consumption monitoring and energy consumption analysis device used for electric equipment
CN105425711A (en) * 2016-01-20 2016-03-23 安徽南瑞继远电网技术有限公司 Integrated management system of intelligent building

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2304336C1 (en) * 2006-02-28 2007-08-10 16 Центральный научно-исследовательский испытательный институт Министерства обороны Российской Федерации Station of automated control of electric power supply network
CN202512169U (en) * 2012-04-10 2012-10-31 安徽中兴继远信息技术股份有限公司 Electricity consumption monitoring and energy consumption analysis device used for electric equipment
CN105425711A (en) * 2016-01-20 2016-03-23 安徽南瑞继远电网技术有限公司 Integrated management system of intelligent building

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109088656A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-12-25 浙江瑞能通信科技股份有限公司 High-voltage transmission security wire monitoring method
CN111245964A (en) * 2020-04-23 2020-06-05 浙江乾行信息技术有限公司 Remote acquisition device for multi-configuration environmental parameter values

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Application publication date: 20170707