CN106930772B - One kind being based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield and equipment - Google Patents

One kind being based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield and equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106930772B
CN106930772B CN201710331566.6A CN201710331566A CN106930772B CN 106930772 B CN106930772 B CN 106930772B CN 201710331566 A CN201710331566 A CN 201710331566A CN 106930772 B CN106930772 B CN 106930772B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shield
tunnel
bored tunnel
launching
unearthed
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Active
Application number
CN201710331566.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106930772A (en
Inventor
杨祥亮
蔡志勇
张亮
薛春苗
杨海健
赵东华
李海峰
郭玉海
王全贤
王涛
王牧月
张晟源
李星晨
韩陈旗
王英波
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Beijing Municipal Construction Co Ltd
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Beijing Municipal Construction Co Ltd
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Application filed by Beijing Municipal Construction Co Ltd filed Critical Beijing Municipal Construction Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710331566.6A priority Critical patent/CN106930772B/en
Publication of CN106930772A publication Critical patent/CN106930772A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106930772B publication Critical patent/CN106930772B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D9/00Tunnels or galleries, with or without linings; Methods or apparatus for making thereof; Layout of tunnels or galleries
    • E21D9/06Making by using a driving shield, i.e. advanced by pushing means bearing against the already placed lining
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/04Lining with building materials
    • E21D11/08Lining with building materials with preformed concrete slabs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D9/00Tunnels or galleries, with or without linings; Methods or apparatus for making thereof; Layout of tunnels or galleries
    • E21D9/06Making by using a driving shield, i.e. advanced by pushing means bearing against the already placed lining
    • E21D9/0607Making by using a driving shield, i.e. advanced by pushing means bearing against the already placed lining the shield being provided with devices for lining the tunnel, e.g. shuttering

Abstract

The present invention relates to tunnelling technical field of construction, one kind of the invention is based on the lateral separate launching constructing structure of mining sectbn shield for described based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield and further includes:Battery truck, which is unearthed, transports parking tunnel, shield assembling and unearthed vertical shaft, shield translating transverse passage-way, separate launching trolley arrangement bored tunnel, shield steering bored tunnel, shield launching position bored tunnel, shield tunnel.It is provided by the invention a kind of based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield, excavate safety, speed of application is fast, environment is not influenced, originating location is flexible, without specifying in the station structure built up or being separately provided starting well, it can originate in any position, the route of shield launching does not need to be consistent with Tunnel Design centerline direction, and originating location does not need to be arranged in boundary lines of roads, avoids below major urban arterial highway.

Description

One kind being based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield and equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to tunnelling technical field of construction, specially a kind of to be based on the lateral separate launching of mining sectbn shield Construction method, constructing structure and construction equipment.
Background technique
At present in the urban subway tunnel construction in China, shield method is because it excavates safety, and speed of application is fast, effect on environment Small, the advantages such as the degree of automation height become the prefered method of urban track traffic construction day by day.Shield construction major technique is Several aspects such as originate, tunnel, reaching.Wherein shield launching link be shield-tunneling construction a key link and difficult point it One, shield launching position is usually in the station structure built up or to be separately provided starting well, the route and tunnel of shield launching Road design centre line direction is consistent, and subway line is located in boundary lines of roads, and most of stations are located at below major urban arterial highway. However it is intensive in urban population, subway is built in surrounding construction of structures and social heavy traffic area, is limited by and is removed early period and hand over Admittance changes factor, cannot apply station using cut and cover method, not have shield normal construction condition, cause section that can not use shield Construction.Pekinese's urban track traffic at present faces more acute built environment, due to can be used for subway construction construction site It is fewer and fewer, make shield-tunneling construction condition more difficult, this produces extreme influence to the construction progress of urban track traffic.
In city, open-cut station carries out shield-tunneling construction, since its place demand is larger, it is most of face construction of structures remove, Traffic navigation and pipeline change shifting, last longer, while city traffic congestion are exacerbated, with current Beijing Rail Transit construction situation From the point of view of, do not have the leading condition of " accounting for one also one ", and most of rail traffic construction leading area around most construction sites There is more serious traffic congestion in domain, generates extreme influence for life of urban resident.
Summary of the invention
According to problem of the existing technology, the invention discloses one kind to be applied based on the lateral separate launching of mining sectbn shield Work method, constructing structure and construction equipment.
It is adopted the following technical scheme that:One kind being based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield, including following Step:
S1:Shield pedestal is installed in shield assembling and unearthed vertical shaft;
S2:The anterior shield and middle shield of shield machine are assembled in shield assembling and unearthed vertical shaft, the middle shield is connected to institute State anterior shield rear end;
S3:The anterior shield of the shield machine and the middle shield move forward simultaneously, and the anterior shield is moved to shield translating Tail shield is lifted on the middle shield rear end in shield assembling with unearthed vertical shaft by transverse passage-way upper end;
S4:The posture of shield machine is translated and adjusted in the shield translating transverse passage-way, and the shield machine is mobile to described Shield translating transverse passage-way and shield turn to bored tunnel junction;
S5:The shield machine turns to bored tunnel delivery position with shield in the shield translating transverse passage-way and is rotated, The shield machine swivel is translated into the shield and turns to bored tunnel;
S6:The shield machine turns to bored tunnel by the shield and enters shield launching position bored tunnel, begins in fission It sends out in trolley arrangement bored tunnel and the subsequent trolley device of shield is installed;
S7:It is turned in the shield and battery truck conveying track is installed in bored tunnel, shield duct piece is transported to the shield It turns in bored tunnel;
S8:The shield machine carries out separate launching construction;
S9:The shield machine is needing the shield section tunneled to be tunneled, and excavates shield tunnel, and in the shield Assembled shield duct piece in tunnel.
Further, the step S3 further includes:The installation translation sliding rail in shield translating transverse passage-way.
Further, the step S7 further includes turning to install shield reaction frame in bored tunnel in the shield.
Further, further include;Step S10:After the completion of the shield machine driving, the shield machine, the shield are received Machine is hung out after being moved to the shield assembling and being disintegrated in unearthed vertical shaft.
One kind being based on the lateral separate launching constructing structure of mining sectbn shield, for described based on mining sectbn shield side To separate launching construction method, further include:
Battery truck, which is unearthed, transports parking tunnel, shield assembling and unearthed vertical shaft, shield translating transverse passage-way, separate launching trolley Arrange that bored tunnel, shield turn to bored tunnel, shield launching position bored tunnel, shield tunnel;
The battery truck is unearthed to transport parking tunnel front end and assemble with the shield to be connected with unearthed vertical shaft rear end, the shield Structure assembling is connected by vertical hoistway with earth's surface with unearthed shaft top, the shield assembling and unearthed vertical shaft front end and the shield Structure translates transverse passage-way and is connected, and tunneling tunnel is arranged with the separate launching trolley respectively in the two sides of shield translating transverse passage-way front Road right end turns to bored tunnel left end with the shield and is connected, and the shield turns on the right side of bored tunnel and the shield launching position It sets bored tunnel left end to be connected, the shield launching position bored tunnel right end is connected with the shield tunnel left end.
One kind being based on the lateral separate launching construction equipment of mining sectbn shield, for described based on mining sectbn shield side To separate launching construction method, further include:Shield machine and the subsequent trolley device of shield, the shield machine include successively detachably connecting Anterior shield, middle shield and the tail shield connect, the subsequent trolley device of shield are connected by pipeline with the shield machine;
It further include shield pedestal, shield reaction frame, battery truck conveying track and shield duct piece, the shield pedestal is connected to The shield assembling and unearthed silo bottom, the battery truck conveying track are removably connected to the shield and turn to bored tunnel Bottom, the shield reaction frame are connected to the shield and turn on bored tunnel inner wall, and the shield duct piece splicing is in the shield On structure tunnel inner wall.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
(1) one kind of the invention is based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield, constructing structure and constructs to set It is standby, safety is excavated, speed of application is fast, does not influence environment;
(2) one kind of the invention is based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield, constructing structure and constructs to set Standby, originating location is flexible, without specifying in the station structure built up or being separately provided starting well, is ok in any position It originates;
(3) one kind of the invention is based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield, constructing structure and constructs to set Standby, route and the Tunnel Design centerline direction of shield launching do not need to be consistent, and originating location does not need to be arranged in road In red line, avoid below major urban arterial highway.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application or in the prior art more clearly, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described.It should be evident that the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this The some embodiments recorded in application, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, It is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings;
Fig. 1 is the flow chart based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield described in the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the signal of the present invention based on mining sectbn shield lateral separate launching construction method and constructing structure Figure;
Fig. 3 is that the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield is based on described in S1 step described in the embodiment of the present invention 1 Schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is that the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield is based on described in S2 step described in the embodiment of the present invention 1 Schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is that the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield is based on described in S3 step described in the embodiment of the present invention 1 Schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is that the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield is based on described in S4 step described in the embodiment of the present invention 1 Schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is that the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield is based on described in S5 step described in the embodiment of the present invention 1 Schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is that the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield is based on described in S6 step described in the embodiment of the present invention 1 Schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is that the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield is based on described in S7, S8 and S9 step of the present invention And the schematic diagram of construction equipment.
In figure:1, shield machine, 2, the subsequent trolley device of shield, 3, shield assembling and unearthed vertical shaft, 4, shield translating it is horizontal logical Road, 5, shield steering bored tunnel, 6, shield launching position bored tunnel, 7, separate launching trolley arrangement bored tunnel, 8, shield Structure tunnel, 9, battery truck be unearthed transport parking tunnel, 10, travel line track during shield machine separate launching, 11, anterior shield, 12, middle shield, 13, tail shield, 14, small soil bucket, 15, screw conveyor, 21, duct piece assembling machine, 22, connecting bridge, the 23, first trolley, 24, the second trolley, 25, third trolley, the 26, the 4th trolley, the 27, the 5th trolley, the 28, the 6th trolley, 29, native slag transporter, 31, Shield pedestal, 41, translation sliding rail, 51, shield reaction frame, 52, battery truck conveying track, 81, shield duct piece.
Specific embodiment
To keep technical solution of the present invention and advantage clearer, with reference to the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, to this Technical solution in inventive embodiments carries out clear and complete description.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1 to 9, a kind of to be based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield, include the following steps:
S1:Shield pedestal 31 is installed in shield assembling and unearthed vertical shaft 3;
S2:The anterior shield 11 and middle shield 12 of shield machine 1, the middle shield 12 are assembled in shield assembling and unearthed vertical shaft 3 It is connected to 11 rear end of anterior shield;
S3:The anterior shield 11 of the shield machine 1 and the middle shield 12 move forward simultaneously, and the anterior shield 11 is moved to shield Structure translates 4 upper end of transverse passage-way, and tail shield 13 is lifted on 12 rear end of middle shield in shield assembling with unearthed vertical shaft 3;
S4:The posture of shield machine 1 is translated and adjusted in the shield translating transverse passage-way 4, and the shield machine 1 is mobile to institute It states shield translating transverse passage-way 4 and shield turns to 5 junction of bored tunnel;
S5:The shield machine 1 turns to 5 delivery position of bored tunnel with shield in the shield translating transverse passage-way 4 and is revolved Turn, the swivel of shield machine 1 is translated into the shield and turns to bored tunnel 5;
S6:The shield machine 1 turns to bored tunnel 5 by the shield and enters shield launching position bored tunnel 6, in fission It originates in trolley arrangement bored tunnel 7 and the subsequent trolley device 2 of shield is installed;
S7:It is turned in the shield and battery truck conveying track 52 is installed in bored tunnel 5, shield duct piece is transported to the shield Structure turns in bored tunnel 5;
S8:The shield machine 1 carries out separate launching construction;
S9:The shield machine 1 is needing the shield section tunneled to be tunneled, and excavates shield tunnel 8, and in the shield Assembled shield duct piece 81 in structure tunnel 8.
Further, the step S3 further includes:The installation translation sliding rail 41 in shield translating transverse passage-way 4.
Further, the step S7 further includes turning to install shield reaction frame 51 in bored tunnel 5 in the shield.
Further, further include;Step S10:After the completion of the shield machine 1 tunnels, the shield machine 1, the shield are received Structure machine 1 is hung out after being moved to the shield assembling and being disintegrated in unearthed vertical shaft 3.
Travel line track 10 is turned by the shield translating transverse passage-way 4 by the shield during shield machine separate launching To bored tunnel 5, shield launching position bored tunnel 6 to the shield tunnel 8.
The shield machine 1 is assembled in the shield and is assembled in unearthed vertical shaft 3, avoids basic routing line, originating location spirit It is living, without specifying in the station structure built up or being separately provided starting well, can originate in any position.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Fig. 2, a kind of be based on the lateral separate launching constructing structure of mining sectbn shield, for described based on tunneling Shield lateral separate launching construction method in section further includes:
Battery truck, which is unearthed, transports parking tunnel 9, shield assembling and unearthed vertical shaft 3, shield translating transverse passage-way 4, separate launching Trolley arranges that bored tunnel 7, shield turn to bored tunnel 5, shield launching position bored tunnel 6, shield tunnel 8;
The battery truck is unearthed to transport parking 9 front end of tunnel and assemble with the shield to be connected with unearthed 3 rear end of vertical shaft, described Shield assembling is connected by vertical hoistway with earth's surface at the top of unearthed vertical shaft 3, the shield assembling and unearthed 3 front end of vertical shaft and institute It states shield translating transverse passage-way 4 to be connected, the two sides of 4 front of shield translating transverse passage-way are arranged with the separate launching trolley respectively 7 right end of bored tunnel and the shield turn to 5 left end of bored tunnel and are connected, the shield turn on the right side of bored tunnel 5 with it is described Bored tunnel 6 left end in shield launching position is connected, and 6 right end of shield launching position bored tunnel and the shield tunnel 8 are left End is connected.
Be unearthed transport parking tunnel 9, shield assembling and unearthed vertical shaft 3 and the shield translating of the battery truck is horizontal logical The line direction in road 4 and separate launching trolley arrangement bored tunnel 7, shield steering bored tunnel 5, shield launching position are dark Hole 6 and the line direction of shield tunnel 8 form an angle.
Described to be based on the lateral separate launching constructing structure of mining sectbn shield, sound construction will not collapse, and can keep away The backbone on ground is opened, road will not be occupied, is convenient for municipal construction.
Embodiment 3
As shown in figure 9, a kind of be based on the lateral separate launching construction equipment of mining sectbn shield, for described based on tunneling Shield lateral separate launching construction method in section further includes:Shield machine 1 and the subsequent trolley device 2 of shield, the shield machine 1 wrap The anterior shield 11, middle shield 12 and tail shield 13 being successively detachably connected are included, the subsequent trolley device 2 of shield passes through pipeline and the shield Structure machine 1 is connected;
It further include shield pedestal 31, shield reaction frame 51, battery truck conveying track 52 and shield duct piece 81, the shield base Seat is connected to the shield assembling and unearthed 3 bottom of vertical shaft, and the battery truck conveying track 52 is removably connected to the shield 5 bottom of bored tunnel is turned to, the shield reaction frame 51 is connected to the shield and turns on 5 inner wall of bored tunnel, the shield Splice on 8 inner wall of shield tunnel section of jurisdiction 81.
The subsequent trolley device 2 of shield is connected by pipeline with the shield machine 1, further includes small soil bucket 14, described At the soil outlet for the screw conveyor that small soil bucket 14 is set to the shield machine 1.
Separate launching of the present invention is:1 main body of shield machine AT STATION in, the subsequent trolley device 2 of shield not with shield Structure machine 1 uses piping connection together into hole;Small soil bucket 14 is used for the shield machine 1 at 15 soil outlet of screw conveyor Be unearthed transport, after the shield machine 1 enter the shield tunnel 8 after, then by the subsequent trolley device 2 of the shield by pipeline with The shield machine 1 is connected.Such mode is the separate launching.
The subsequent trolley device 2 of shield include be fixedly connected sequentially from right to left duct piece assembling machine 21, connecting bridge 22, First trolley 23, the second trolley 24, third trolley 25, the 4th trolley 26, the 5th trolley 27 and the 6th trolley 28, further include native slag 22 middle part of connecting bridge is fixed in transporter 29, described 29 one end of soil slag transporter, and the soil slag transporter 29 sequentially passes through First trolley 23, second trolley 24, the third trolley 25 are until 26 tail portion of the 4th trolley.
It is described to be based on the lateral separate launching construction equipment of mining sectbn shield, it excavates flexibly, excavates safety, speed of application Fastly, environment is not influenced.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, a kind of lateral separate launching of mining sectbn shield that is based on provided by the invention is applied Work method excavates safety, and speed of application is fast, does not influence environment, and originating location is flexible, without specifying in the station structure built up It is interior or starting well is separately provided, it can originate in any position, the route and Tunnel Design centerline direction of shield launching are not It needs to be consistent, originating location does not need to be arranged in boundary lines of roads, avoids below major urban arterial highway.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, Anyone skilled in the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, according to the technique and scheme of the present invention and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. one kind is based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
S1:Shield pedestal is installed in shield assembling and unearthed vertical shaft;
S2:The shield assembling with unearthed vertical shaft in assemble shield machine anterior shield and middle shield, the middle shield be connected to it is described before Shield rear end;
S3:The anterior shield of the shield machine and the middle shield move forward simultaneously, and it is horizontal logical that the anterior shield is moved to shield translating Tail shield is lifted on the middle shield rear end in shield assembling with unearthed vertical shaft by road upper end;
S4:The posture of shield machine is translated and adjusted in the shield translating transverse passage-way, and the shield machine is mobile to the shield It translates transverse passage-way and shield turns to bored tunnel junction;
S5:The shield machine turns to bored tunnel delivery position with shield in the shield translating transverse passage-way and is rotated, described Shield machine swivel is translated into the shield and turns to bored tunnel;
S6:The shield machine turns to bored tunnel by the shield and enters shield launching position bored tunnel, in separate launching platform Vehicle, which is arranged, installs the subsequent trolley device of shield in bored tunnel;
S7:It is turned in the shield and battery truck conveying track is installed in bored tunnel, shield duct piece is transported to the shield and turned to In bored tunnel;
S8:The shield machine carries out separate launching construction;
S9:The shield machine is needing the shield section tunneled to be tunneled, and excavates shield tunnel, and in the shield tunnel Interior assembly shield duct piece.
2. according to claim 1 be based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield, it is characterised in that:It is described Step S3 further includes:The installation translation sliding rail in shield translating transverse passage-way.
3. according to claim 1 be based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield, it is characterised in that:It is described Step S7 further includes turning to install shield reaction frame in bored tunnel in the shield.
4. one kind is based on the lateral separate launching constructing structure of mining sectbn shield, it is characterised in that:For described in claim 1 Based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield, further include:
Battery truck unearthed transport parking tunnel, shield assembling and unearthed vertical shaft, shield translating transverse passage-way, separate launching trolley arrangement Bored tunnel, shield turn to bored tunnel, shield launching position bored tunnel, shield tunnel;
The battery truck is unearthed to transport parking tunnel front end and assemble with the shield to be connected with unearthed vertical shaft rear end, the shield group Dress is connected by vertical hoistway with earth's surface with unearthed shaft top, and the shield assembling and unearthed vertical shaft front end and the shield are flat It moves transverse passage-way to be connected, the two sides of shield translating transverse passage-way front are right with separate launching trolley arrangement bored tunnel respectively End turns to bored tunnel left end with the shield and is connected, and the shield turns to dark with the shield launching position on the right side of bored tunnel Holing, left end is connected, and the shield launching position bored tunnel right end is connected with the shield tunnel left end.
5. one kind is based on the lateral separate launching construction equipment of mining sectbn shield, it is characterised in that:For described in claim 1 Based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield, further include:Shield machine and the subsequent trolley device of shield, the shield Machine includes the anterior shield being successively detachably connected, middle shield and tail shield, and the subsequent trolley device of shield passes through pipeline and the shield Machine is connected;
It further include shield pedestal, shield reaction frame, battery truck conveying track and shield duct piece, the shield pedestal is connected to described Shield assembling and unearthed silo bottom, the battery truck conveying track are removably connected to the shield and turn to bored tunnel bottom Portion, the shield reaction frame are connected to the shield and turn on bored tunnel inner wall, and the shield duct piece splicing is in the shield On tunnel inner wall.
CN201710331566.6A 2017-05-11 2017-05-11 One kind being based on the lateral separate launching construction method of mining sectbn shield and equipment Active CN106930772B (en)

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CN107725059B (en) * 2017-09-27 2019-03-01 中铁十二局集团有限公司 The ultrashort miniature shield machine host separate launching construction method originated under steric requirements
CN109057805B (en) * 2018-08-30 2019-12-20 上海隧道工程有限公司 Tunnel interior rapid turning construction equipment and method for multiple contact channels by mechanical method
CN109184706B (en) * 2018-09-27 2020-09-15 中国电建集团铁路建设有限公司 Split starting method for large-diameter shield tunneling machine
CN110439574A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-11-12 中铁隧道集团二处有限公司 It is originated for shield lateral translation and the tunnel structure and construction method of haul of slagging tap
CN110685723A (en) * 2019-10-15 2020-01-14 中铁十二局集团有限公司 Process method for simultaneously hoisting and lowering pipe piece assembling machine and shield tail into well

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CN103711499A (en) * 2014-01-08 2014-04-09 中铁十三局集团第六工程有限公司 Shield tunneling machine split starting construction method
CN105298503A (en) * 2015-09-16 2016-02-03 中铁十局集团第三建设有限公司 Separate launching construction method of shield tunneling machine in narrow space

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CN103711499A (en) * 2014-01-08 2014-04-09 中铁十三局集团第六工程有限公司 Shield tunneling machine split starting construction method
CN105298503A (en) * 2015-09-16 2016-02-03 中铁十局集团第三建设有限公司 Separate launching construction method of shield tunneling machine in narrow space

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