CN106917717A - A kind of flowing water is efficiently picked up can the hydraulic turbine - Google Patents

A kind of flowing water is efficiently picked up can the hydraulic turbine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106917717A
CN106917717A CN201710292426.2A CN201710292426A CN106917717A CN 106917717 A CN106917717 A CN 106917717A CN 201710292426 A CN201710292426 A CN 201710292426A CN 106917717 A CN106917717 A CN 106917717A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
blade
framework
fixed plate
delivery
energy
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Granted
Application number
CN201710292426.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106917717B (en
Inventor
谢志勤
魏明尚
田德清
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201710292426.2A priority Critical patent/CN106917717B/en
Publication of CN106917717A publication Critical patent/CN106917717A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B11/00Parts or details not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the preceding groups, e.g. wear-protection couplings, between turbine and generator
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B3/00Machines or engines of reaction type; Parts or details peculiar thereto
    • F03B3/12Blades; Blade-carrying rotors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B3/00Machines or engines of reaction type; Parts or details peculiar thereto
    • F03B3/16Stators
    • F03B3/18Stator blades; Guide conduits or vanes, e.g. adjustable
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy

Abstract

Efficiently being picked up the invention discloses a kind of flowing water can the hydraulic turbine,The rotary shaft of its rotary shaft for being used to be connected to a generator or other rotation machineries,Include framework,First pedestal,Second pedestal,Delivery of energy axle,Fixed plate,Blade,Blend stop,Deflector,Lower portion forms a cavity volume,The corresponding two sides of framework is open architecture,Delivery of energy axle is arranged in cavity volume,Fixed plate is fixedly connected with delivery of energy axle,Delivery of energy axle passes through fixed plate,Blade is rotatably connected in the bottom face of fixed plate,In fixed plate a blend stop is provided with corresponding to each blade,Deflector is disposed longitudinally on the open interval one side of framework,Cavity volume in the whole frame oriented of deflector is inclined,Current are under the guide effect of deflector,One side hydraulic pressure increases,Current driving blade is rotated,Delivery of energy axle is driven to rotate,When blade turn to it is opposite with water (flow) direction reversely when,Leaf abscission blend stop is flipped up,Travelled forward without the resistance for overcoming current,So repeatedly,Blade can continue to drive fixed plate to rotate.

Description

A kind of flowing water is efficiently picked up can the hydraulic turbine
Technical field
The present invention relates to turbine technology field, and in particular to a kind of flowing water for being capable of high-efficiency continuous rotation under a stream of water is high Effect is picked up can the hydraulic turbine.
Background technology
At present, tellurian energy worsening shortages, non-renewable resources are increasingly reduced, therefore, develop solar energy, wind The regenerative resource such as energy, rain energy, water energy, has become the important channel that countries in the world solve fossil energy crisis;Prior art In, usually with water as medium, blade rotation being promoted, whirligig drives required runner assembly to rotate again, such as water windmill, Yi Zhongyou Hydro powered makes the wheel shaft of the machinery that wheel shaft rotates, rotation drive mill or waterwheel, so as to reach the purpose ground wheat or fetch water and irrigate, Meanwhile, water energy is changed using the efficient hydraulic turbine, waterwheel is motive power, and waterwheel rotation drives generator shaft rotation, generates electricity The rotor cutting magnetic line of machine and produce electromotive force, being linked together with the projecting shaft of generator using the water wheel axle of waterwheel is carried out Generate electricity.
But it has certain requirement to addressing, such as the streams of some scattered low water heads cannot just utilize, if not zero Dam is built on scattered streams and improves head, then economy is poor (builds dam to have that welding, cost of investment are larger, build If the shortcomings of duration is more long) it is same, for the tidal energy utilization of low water head, current method is also using building dam and efficiently The hydraulic turbine of rate, the requirement compared with macrotidal range is there is also to addressing.And to the address of some scattered relatively low tidal ranges, it builds tide The economy in energy power station is just worse;Currently, the blade of waterwheel is all fixed, under the flow action of high speed, drives blade rotation, Blade drives water wheel axle to rotate again, but when blade rotates to opposite with water (flow) direction, it is necessary to overcome resistance to water-flow to continue to revolve Turn, cause rotating speed slow, cause generating efficiency not high, and traditional hydraulic turbine can not be fully seated under current and persistently be sent out Electricity, effectively utilization is difficult to its electricity, efficient, easy using the various natural flows for blazoning, and realizes dispersion utilization on the spot.
The content of the invention
Not enough for more than, efficiently being picked up the invention discloses a kind of flowing water can the hydraulic turbine, including framework, delivery of energy axle, at least Two fixed plates, blade, blend stops, the lower portion form a cavity volume, and the two sides therein of framework is open architecture, described Delivery of energy axle is disposed longitudinally in cavity volume, and top is stretched out outside framework cavity volume, between length direction of the fixed plate along delivery of energy axle Every setting, the delivery of energy axle passes through fixed plate, and the bottom face positioned at upper mounted plate between two fixed plates is rotatably connected to At least two blades, the blade is not more than four, and a blend stop is provided with corresponding to each blade in fixed plate.
In order to further realize the present invention, also including deflector, the deflector is disposed longitudinally on the open architecture of framework One side, cavity volume in the whole frame oriented of deflector inclines, and the deflector is fixedly connected with framework.
At least two montants are longitudinally provided with order to further realize the present invention, between adjacent fixed plate, the montant is consolidated Surely upper and lower two fixed plates, the length of the distance more than the blade of the montant to delivery of energy axle are connected.
In order to further realize the present invention, the top of framework is also arranged on including the first pedestal described in the first pedestal, it is described First base central is provided with a hole, and a bearing is fixed with hole, and the delivery of energy axle is engaged with the internal diameter of bearing, the delivery of energy Axle passes through the first pedestal.
In order to further realize the present invention, also including the second pedestal, second pedestal is arranged on the bottom of framework, described Second pedestal is consistent with the first base construction, and the delivery of energy axle bottom is engaged with the bearing bore diameter of the second pedestal.
In order to further realize the present invention, the montant bottom passes fixed plate, and the bottom of each montant is fixed and connected Universal rolling wheel is connected to, the bottom of the framework is provided with track, and the roller is rolled in orbit.
In order to further realize the present invention, the adjacent bilevel blade is not at same straight line and sets, as wrong Open up and put.
In order to further realize the present invention, the cavity volume in the whole frame oriented of deflector inclines 10 °~80 °.
In order to further realize the present invention, the framework is that two sides are sealing interval, and front and rear two sides is open architecture.
In order to further realize the present invention, the top of framework is semi-closed structure or enclosed construction.
Beneficial effect:
1st, an object of the present invention is, by being provided with framework, delivery of energy axle, fixed plate, blade, blend stop, deflector, to incite somebody to action this Device is fixedly mounted among flowing water, is provided with the one of deflector facing to water (flow) direction, current under the guide effect of deflector, Flow into cavity volume side (when water impact blade, blend stop be located at blade opposite side so that blend stop can block blade and turn over Turn) side hydraulic pressure increase is caused, current driving blade is rotated, and now current are vertical with blade, and blade is blocked by blend stop, and blade is received To the pressure to current, pressure-driven blade move to water (flow) direction, then blade drives blend stop motion, and blend stop drives fixed plate turn Dynamic, fixed plate drives delivery of energy axle to rotate, when blade is turned to it is opposite with water (flow) direction reverse when, now, in the presence of current, Leaf abscission blend stop is flipped up, identical with water (flow) direction, is travelled forward without the resistance for overcoming current, and now fixed plate will not Resistance to water-flow is subject to because of the blade in this direction and causes speed to slow down, and remaining blade vertical with water (flow) direction drives admittedly Fixed board is rotated, and so repeatedly, blade can continue to drive fixed plate to rotate such that it is able to realize that high efficiency drives turning for generator Moving axis or other rotary shafts for rotating machinery are rotated, and can realize that high efficiency generates electricity.
2nd, the second object of the present invention be by the open architecture in framework simultaneously, be fixedly connected deflector, deflector sets Have the one of deflector facing to water (flow) direction, current flow into the side in cavity volume, deflector under the guide effect of deflector Water can be collected at side so that this side hydraulic pressure increases, when blade turns to opposite with water (flow) direction reverse, deflector can The blade of the stop portions current direction direction so that direction hydraulic pressure is reduced, so that the device is reduced by resistance to water-flow.
3rd, the third object of the present invention is in order that fixed plate is more stable, and avoids fixed plate bending, at two Multiple montants are fixed with the circumferential edges of fixed plate at equal intervals, the two ends of montant are connected between two fixed plates.
4th, the fourth object of the present invention is to be provided with universal rolling wheel by the bottom of montant, and the bottom crossbeam of framework is provided with Track, stretches out fixed Board position and is fixed with universal rolling wheel when the bottom of each montant, and universal rolling wheel is rolled in orbit, when solid When fixed board is rotated, montant also concomitant rotation, then roller rotate in orbit so that montant stabilization rotates in orbit, fixed plate Also can be more firm, increased the steadiness of the present apparatus.
5th, the fifth object of the present invention is that then neighbouring blade does not set when the quantity of fixed plate exceedes two or more Put on the same line, the blade of levels is setting of staggering so that the device drives in rotation process in blade, more stable, Stress is evenly.
6th, the sixth object of the present invention is the left and right of the framework of design and is up and down enclosed construction, and front and rear is open knot Structure, concentrates current and flows into lower portion, and the current in outer other directions of framework can be avoided to produce shadow to the device in framework Ring.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of water (flow) direction of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 from the structural representation seen below;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the upward view of Fig. 1;
The structural representation being provided with after universal rolling wheel of Fig. 4 embodiment of the present invention two;
Fig. 5 is the double-layer structure schematic diagram that embodiment two removes framework and deflector.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, these accompanying drawings are simplified schematic diagram, only Basic structure of the invention is illustrated in a schematic way, and the direction of this specific implementation is with Fig. 1 directions as standard.
Embodiment one
Natural current are utilized the invention discloses one kind, by the driving of current, rotates the present apparatus, the rotation of the present apparatus Turn to drive the flowing water of destination apparatus rotation efficiently to pick up the energy hydraulic turbine, mainly include framework 1, the first pedestal 2, the second pedestal 3, delivery of energy Axle 4, fixed plate 5, blade 6, blend stop 7, deflector 8, wherein,
As Figure 1-3, a cavity volume is formed in the middle of framework 1, framework 1 can be rectangular structure, cylindrical structure, or Other structures, are not limited herein, and the present invention is preferably rectangular structure, the left and right sides of framework 1 for enclosed construction or Right flank is enclosed construction, and front and rear two sides is open architecture, and current can be entered to inside framework 1 from open interval, the bottom of framework 1 End can be open architecture or enclosed construction, preferably enclosed construction, and bottom has been horizontally set with a plurality of first crossbeam 11, the top of framework 1 Can be semi-closed structure, or enclosed construction, preferably enclosed construction, as a example by semiclosed, the top of framework 1 has been horizontally set with the present invention One second cross beam 12, is fixedly installed one first pedestal 2, the center of the first pedestal 2 between second cross beam 12 and the top end face of framework 1 Be provided with a hole, a bearing be fixed with hole, corresponding to the centre position positioned at the bottom of framework 1 of the first pedestal 2 it is adjacent two At bar first crossbeam 11, the second pedestal 3 is fixed with, the structure of the second pedestal 3 is consistent with the structure of the first pedestal 2, does not make herein Description.
Delivery of energy axle 4 longitudinally through two pedestals, the top of delivery of energy axle 4 and target element (such as output shaft or biography of generator The rotary shaft of motivation structure or other rotation machineries) connect, delivery of energy axle 4 is matched somebody with somebody with the first pedestal 2 with the bearing bore diameter of the second pedestal 3 Close so that delivery of energy axle 4 can be rotated in base interior.
Fixed plate 5 is arranged in the cavity volume of framework 1 between the first pedestal 2 and the second pedestal 3, and fixed plate 5 is consolidated with delivery of energy axle 4 Fixed connection, and delivery of energy axle 4 passes through fixed plate 5, fixed plate 5 is planar panel structure, can be the planar junctions such as circular slab, elliptical flat-plate Structure, by taking circular flat panel as an example, fixed plate 5 can be counted the present embodiment along the length direction interval setting of delivery of energy axle 4, fixed plate 5 Amount is at least two pieces, and in order to mitigate resistance, the thickness of fixed plate 5 is unsuitable blocked up, can use suitable thickness, also can be using a little thick The thin plate of degree, can according to circumstances be set certainly, and rotatable blade 6 is provided between two neighboring fixed plate 5;
Blade 6 is square plate, preferably rectangle or square, and the top of blade 6 turns with the bottom face of upper mounted plate 5 Dynamic connection, can be connected for loose-leaf, or the bottom face of upper mounted plate 5 is provided with a rotating shaft, and the two ends of rotating shaft are arranged in bearing, Bearing is fixed on the bottom of fixed plate 5 by being provided with bearing block;Blade 6 is disposed on fixed plate with axis of rotation, blade 6 On 5, blade 6 will not touch delivery of energy axle 4, the quantity at least two of blade 6, up to four, when being rotated between two blades, Adjacent blade 6 will not be touched, so as to blade can be avoided to collide, the set location of blade 6 is preferably and is uniformly arranged, i.e., positioned at solid Fixed board is averagely set, and when blade 6 is set to four, angle is 90 degree between two blades 6, when setting more than four, by It is square structure in blade, when the quantity of blade 6 is more than 4, when blade 6 rotates, blade 6 can be touched to adjacent blade 6, Can mutually be collided between blade 6.
Blend stop 7 is fixedly installed on the bottom of the blade 6 of the upper surface of fixed plate 5, and each blade 6 is provided with a blend stop 7, I.e. when blade 6 is vertical with fixed plate 5, the one side of blade 6 has blend stop 7, is the front position of blade 6, i.e. current driving blade Rotate, blade 6 is blocked by blend stop 7, blade 6 gives 7 one power of blend stop, blend stop 7 drives fixed plate 5, fixed plate 5 to drive delivery of energy axle 4 Rotate, blend stop 7 can also be a projection of the upward projection of fixed plate 5, be wholely set with fixed plate 5, or welding or bolt etc. In a blend stop of the connection of fixed plate 5, the length of blend stop 7 less than the length of blade 6, in being preferably arranged to block the bottom of blade 6 Between position.
In order that fixed plate 5 is more stable, and avoids the bending of fixed plate 5, on two circumferential edges of fixed plate 5 At least two montants 8 are fixed with equal intervals, three are preferably arranged to, and the two ends of montant 8 are connected between two fixed plates 5, And montant 8 is more than the length of blade 6 to the distance of delivery of energy axle 4 so that blade 6 will not touch montant 8, and the setting of montant 8 can A through hole is provided with by two pieces of adjacent fixed plates 5, montant 8 passes through through hole, then is fixed using nut, or by one Montant 8 is connected with, or by welding, is not limited herein.
Deflector 9 is disposed longitudinally on the open interval one side of framework 1, is that with water (flow) direction simultaneously, deflector 9 is a side Shape plate, one end of deflector 9 is fixedly connected with the vertical frame of framework 1, or integrally connected, in the whole frame oriented 1 of deflector 9 Cavity volume is inclined so that when current are flowed into, and deflector 9 drives blade 6 by bigger hydraulic pressure, current in current deflecting cavity volume, are obtained Rotate, then drive fixed plate 5 to rotate, fixed plate 5 drives delivery of energy axle 4 to rotate, delivery of energy axle 4 drives required runner assembly to rotate, and leads The one end towards cavity volume for flowing plate 9 is fixedly connected with framework 1, can be connected by the way that the top of the top framework 1 of deflector 9 is fixed Connect, the bottom of deflector 9 is fixedly connected with first crossbeam 11, welding manner can be used, or by solid in the cavity volume of framework 1 Surely it is provided with longeron, the inner of deflector 9 is fixedly connected with longeron, the curtailment of deflector 9 is touching to fixed plate 5.Deflector 9 It it is 10 °~80 °, preferably 45 ° with the angle A scope of the horizontal frame of framework 1.
When the quantity of fixed plate 5 exceedes two or more, such as the present embodiment four, then neighbouring blade 6 does not set Put on the same line, the blade 6 of levels is setting of staggering so that the device drives in rotation process in blade, more stable, Stress is evenly.
Operation principle of the invention:First, the present apparatus is fixedly mounted among flowing water, such as in ocean or river, is provided with Facing to water (flow) direction, under the guide effect of deflector 9, water (is worked as in the side flowed into cavity volume to current B to the one of deflector 9 During stream impact blade 6, blend stop 7 is located at the opposite side of blade 6 so that blend stop 7 can block blade 6 and overturn) such that the side hydraulic pressure increases Greatly, current driving blade 6 is rotated, and now current are vertical with blade 6, and blade 6 is blocked by blend stop 7, and blade 6 is pressed by current Power, pressure-driven blade 6 is moved to water (flow) direction, then blade 6 drives blend stop 7 to move, and blend stop 7 drives fixed plate 5 to rotate, fixed Plate 5 drives delivery of energy axle 4 to rotate, when blade 6 is turned to it is opposite with water (flow) direction reverse when, now, in the presence of current, blade 6 disengaging blend stops 7 are flipped up, identical with water (flow) direction, are travelled forward without the resistance for overcoming current, and now fixed plate 5 will not It is subject to resistance to water-flow and causes speed to slow down because of the blade 6 in this direction, and remaining blade 6 vertical with water (flow) direction drives Fixed plate 5 is rotated, and so repeatedly, blade 6 can continue to drive fixed plate 5 to rotate, and blade 6 turns to opposite with water (flow) direction anti- Xiang Shi, deflector 9 is capable of the blade of the stop portions current direction direction so that direction hydraulic pressure is reduced, so that the device is subject to Resistance to water-flow is reduced, therefore, the device can at a high speed be rotated using current, and will not be not big enough because of water velocity, and cause to turn Dynamic speed slows down, it is to avoid traditional blades can not be rotated with water (flow) direction, thus can be subject to the resistance of current so that rotating speed Slow down, for by way of generating power by water current, high efficiency generating can be continued, and can also be used for driving other components to continue Rotation, is not limited to generating effect.
Embodiment two
As illustrated in figures 4-5, the driving whirligig of the present embodiment includes framework 1, the first pedestal 2, the second pedestal 3, delivery of energy Axle 4, fixed plate 5, blade 6, blend stop 7, montant 8, deflector 9, wherein,
Form a cavity volume in the middle of framework 1, framework 1 can be rectangular structure, cylindrical structure, or other structures, This is not limited, and the present invention is preferably rectangular structure, and left and right sides are interval for sealing, and front and rear two sides is open architecture, water Stream can be entered to inside framework 1 from open interval, and the bottom of framework 1 is open architecture or enclosed construction, and bottom has been horizontally set with a plurality of First crossbeam 11, the top of framework 1 can be semi-closed structure, or open architecture, not be limited, and the present invention is with semiclosed Example, the top of framework 1 has been horizontally set with a second cross beam 12, and one the is fixedly installed between second cross beam 12 and the top end face of framework 1 One pedestal 2, the center of the first pedestal 2 is provided with a hole, and a bearing is fixed with hole, corresponding to the first pedestal 2 positioned at the bottom of framework 1 Between two adjacent first crossbeams 11 of the centre position at end, the second pedestal 3, the structure and first of the second pedestal 3 are fixed with The structure of pedestal 2 is consistent, is not described herein.
Delivery of energy axle 4 longitudinally through two pedestals, the top of delivery of energy axle 4 and target element (such as output shaft or biography of generator The rotary shaft of motivation structure or other rotation machineries), the bearing bore diameter of the pedestal 2 of delivery of energy axle 4 and first and the second pedestal 3 coordinates, and makes Obtaining delivery of energy axle 4 can rotate in base interior.
Fixed plate 5 is set in the cavity volume of framework 1, and fixed plate 5 is fixedly connected with delivery of energy axle 4, and delivery of energy axle 4 passes through fixed plate 5, Fixed plate 5 is planar panel structure, can be the planar structure such as circular slab, elliptical flat-plate, the present embodiment by taking circular flat panel as an example, Gu Fixed board 5 can be at least two pieces along the length direction interval setting of delivery of energy axle 4, the quantity of fixed plate 5, and the present embodiment is with four pieces Example, in order to mitigate resistance, the thickness of fixed plate 5 is unsuitable blocked up, can use suitable thickness, can also use the thin plate for having dot thickness, Certainly can according to circumstances set, rotatable blade 6 is provided between two neighboring fixed plate 5;
Blade 6 is square plate, preferably rectangle or square, and the top of blade 6 turns with the bottom face of upper mounted plate 5 Dynamic connection, can be connected for loose-leaf, or bottom face is provided with a rotating shaft, and the two ends of rotating shaft are arranged in bearing, and bearing is by setting There is bearing block to be fixed on the bottom of fixed plate 5;Blade 6 is disposed in fixed plate 5, and blade 6 will not touch delivery of energy axle 4, leaf The quantity at least two of piece 6, when being rotated between two blades, will not touch adjacent blade 6 by up to four, so that Blade can be avoided to collide, the set location of blade 6 is preferably and is uniformly arranged, i.e., averagely set positioned at fixed plate, when blade 6 is set to At four, angle is 90 degree between two blades 6, when setting more than four, because blade is square structure, when blade 6 When quantity is more than 4, when blade 6 rotates, blade 6 can be touched to adjacent blade 6, can mutually be collided between blade 6.
When the quantity of fixed plate 5 exceedes two or more, such as the present embodiment four, then neighbouring blade 6 does not set Put on the same line, the blade 6 of levels is setting of staggering so that the device drives in rotation process in blade, more stable, Stress is evenly.
Blend stop 7 is fixedly installed on the bottom of the blade 6 of the upper surface of fixed plate 5, and each blade 6 is provided with a blend stop 7, I.e. when blade 6 is vertical with fixed plate 5, the one side of blade 6 has blend stop 7, is the front position of blade 6, i.e. current driving blade Rotate, blade 6 is blocked by blend stop 7, blade 6 gives 7 one power of blend stop, blend stop 7 drives fixed plate 5, fixed plate 5 to drive delivery of energy axle 4 Rotate, blend stop 7 can also be a projection of the upward projection of fixed plate 5, be wholely set with fixed plate 5, or welding or bolt etc. In a blend stop of the connection of fixed plate 5, the length of blend stop 7 less than the length of blade 6, in being preferably arranged to block the bottom of blade 6 Between position.
In order that fixed plate 5 is more stable, and avoids the bending of fixed plate 5, on two circumferential edges of fixed plate 5 Multiple montants 8 are fixed with equal intervals, and montant 8 is more than the length of blade 6 to the distance of delivery of energy axle 4 so that blade 6 will not be touched Encounter montant 8, setting for montant 8 can be provided with a through hole by two pieces of adjacent fixed plates 5, and montant 8 passes through through hole, then adopts Fixed with nut, or by being connected with montant 8, or by welding, do not do limiting the bottom of each montant 8 and stretch herein Go out the position of fixed plate 5 and be fixed with universal rolling wheel 61, universal rolling wheel 61 is rolled in track 13, when fixed plate 5 is rotated, montant 8 also concomitant rotations, then universal rolling wheel 61 rotated on track 13, track 13 is set corresponding to universal rolling wheel 61, universal rolling wheel 61 Cooperation with track is realized using prior art.
Deflector 9 is disposed longitudinally on the open interval one side of framework 1, is to be put to one side with current, and deflector 9 is a side Shape plate, one end of deflector 9 is fixedly connected with the vertical frame of framework 1, or integrally connected, in the whole frame oriented 1 of deflector 9 Cavity volume is inclined so that when current are flowed into, and deflector 9 drives blade 6 by bigger hydraulic pressure, current in current deflecting cavity volume, are obtained Rotate, then drive fixed plate 5 to rotate, fixed plate 5 drives delivery of energy axle 4 to rotate, delivery of energy axle 4 drives required runner assembly to rotate, and leads The one end towards cavity volume for flowing plate 9 is fixedly connected with framework 1, can be connected by the way that the top of the top framework 1 of deflector 9 is fixed Connect, the bottom of deflector 9 is fixedly connected with first crossbeam 11, welding manner can be used, or by solid in the cavity volume of framework 1 Surely it is provided with longeron, the inner of deflector 9 is fixedly connected with longeron, the curtailment of deflector 9 is touching to fixed plate 5.Deflector 9 It it is 10 °~80 °, preferably 45 ° with the angle c of the horizontal frame in the bottom of framework 1.
When the quantity of fixed plate 5 exceedes two or more, such as the present embodiment four, then neighbouring blade 6 does not set Put on the same line, the blade 6 of levels is setting of staggering so that the device drives in rotation process in blade, more stable, Stress is evenly.
Better embodiment of the invention is the foregoing is only, the invention is not limited in above-mentioned implementation method, is being implemented During there may be local small structural modification, if not departing from essence of the invention to various changes of the invention or modification God and scope, and within the scope of belonging to claim of the invention and equivalent technologies, then the present invention is also intended to be changed comprising these And modification.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of flowing water efficiently picks up the energy hydraulic turbine, it is characterised in that:Including framework, delivery of energy axle, at least two fixed plates, blade, Blend stop, the lower portion forms a cavity volume, and the two sides therein of framework is open architecture, and the delivery of energy axle is disposed longitudinally on In cavity volume, and top is stretched out outside framework cavity volume, the fixed plate along delivery of energy axle length direction interval setting, the delivery of energy axle Through fixed plate, the bottom face positioned at upper mounted plate between two fixed plates is rotatably connected at least two blades, the leaf Piece is not more than four, and a blend stop is provided with corresponding to each blade in fixed plate.
2. a kind of flowing water according to claim 1 efficiently picks up the energy hydraulic turbine, it is characterised in that:Also include deflector, it is described Deflector is disposed longitudinally on the one side of the open architecture of framework, and the cavity volume in the whole frame oriented of deflector is inclined, and inclines Direction is identical with water (flow) direction, and the deflector is fixedly connected or integrally connected with framework.
3. a kind of flowing water according to claim 1 efficiently picks up the energy hydraulic turbine, it is characterised in that:Indulged between adjacent fixed plate To at least two montants are provided with, the montant is fixedly connected upper and lower two pieces of fixed plates, and the montant is more than to the distance of delivery of energy axle The length of the blade.
4. a kind of flowing water according to claim 1 efficiently picks up the energy hydraulic turbine, it is characterised in that:Also include the first pedestal, institute The top that the first pedestal is arranged on framework is stated, first base central is provided with a hole, and a bearing is fixed with hole, described defeated Energy axle is engaged with the internal diameter of bearing, and the delivery of energy axle passes through the first pedestal.
5. a kind of flowing water according to claim 4 efficiently picks up the energy hydraulic turbine, it is characterised in that:Also include the second pedestal, institute The bottom that the second pedestal is arranged on framework is stated, second pedestal is consistent with the first base construction, the delivery of energy axle bottom and the The bearing bore diameter of two pedestals is engaged.
6. a kind of flowing water according to claim 3 efficiently picks up the energy hydraulic turbine, it is characterised in that:The montant bottom passes solid Fixed board, the bottom of each montant is fixedly connected with universal rolling wheel, and the bottom of the framework is provided with track, the universal rolling wheel Roll in orbit.
7. a kind of flowing water according to claim 1 efficiently picks up the energy hydraulic turbine, it is characterised in that:It is described adjacent bilevel Blade is not at same straight line and sets, setting of as staggering.
8. a kind of flowing water according to claim 2 efficiently picks up the energy hydraulic turbine, it is characterised in that:The deflector is whole Cavity volume in frame oriented inclines 10 °~80 °.
9. a kind of flowing water according to claim 1 efficiently picks up the energy hydraulic turbine, it is characterised in that:The framework is for one side Enclosed construction or two sides are enclosed construction, and the side is vertical with the two sides of the open architecture, the two of the open architecture Face is the vertical two sides of water (flow) direction.
10. a kind of flowing water according to claim 1 efficiently picks up the energy hydraulic turbine, it is characterised in that:The top and bottom of framework It is semi-closed structure or enclosed construction.
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