CN106902605A - Improved industry lampblack processing unit - Google Patents

Improved industry lampblack processing unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106902605A
CN106902605A CN201710199556.1A CN201710199556A CN106902605A CN 106902605 A CN106902605 A CN 106902605A CN 201710199556 A CN201710199556 A CN 201710199556A CN 106902605 A CN106902605 A CN 106902605A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
collecting pipe
tube
cartridge
pipe
water
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CN201710199556.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106902605B (en
Inventor
李伟杰
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李伟杰
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Priority to CN201610116645.0A priority Critical patent/CN105521682B/en
Priority to CN201710199556.1A priority patent/CN106902605B/en
Publication of CN106902605A publication Critical patent/CN106902605A/en
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Publication of CN106902605B publication Critical patent/CN106902605B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/004Combinations of devices relating to groups B01D45/00 and B01D47/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/38Removing components of undefined structure
    • B01D53/40Acidic components
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/46Removing components of defined structure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/46Removing components of defined structure
    • B01D53/48Sulfur compounds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/46Removing components of defined structure
    • B01D53/54Nitrogen compounds
    • B01D53/56Nitrogen oxides
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/46Removing components of defined structure
    • B01D53/72Organic compounds not provided for in groups B01D53/48 - B01D53/70, e.g. hydrocarbons
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/77Liquid phase processes
    • B01D53/78Liquid phase processes with gas-liquid contact
    • Y02A50/2341
    • Y02A50/2355

Abstract

The invention provides improved industry lampblack processing unit, belong to industrial waste gas processing technology field.It solves the technical problems such as existing industrial gas emission is big for environment pollution.This industry lampblack processing unit, including base and adapter sleeve, connection set upper side is sealedly connected with collecting pipe, some screen packs are provided with collecting pipe, described collecting pipe includes the first collecting pipe, second collecting pipe, 3rd collecting pipe and the 4th collecting pipe, 4th collecting pipe upper end is also sealedly connected with heat exchange tube arrangement, oil smoke is transported to water butt by the 4th collecting pipe upper end by connecting tube, storage lye tank, storage acid solution case, in process cartridge one and process cartridge two, successively filter and eliminate the acidic materials in oil smoke, alkaline matter, the harmful substance such as dust granules thing and CO gas.The present invention has the advantages that to filter and removing harmful substance scope is wide.

Description

Improved industry lampblack processing unit

The present invention is belonging to patent name:Structure improved industry lampblack processing unit, application number:2016101166450, The applying date:The divisional application of the patent of invention of 2016-03-02.

Technical field

The invention belongs to industrial waste gas processing technology field, it is related to a kind of apparatus for treating cooking fume, particularly improved industry Apparatus for treating cooking fume.

Background technology

In recent years, China developed area pollution aggravation, various regions industry fast development, but do not have in evolution The treatment of pollution is carried out in time, and such as industry lampblack waste gas contains acidic materials, alkaline matter, carbon monoxide, dust granules etc., It is directly discharged in air without treatment in time, or treatment is not discharged thoroughly, causes air to be contaminated, and acid rain, mist occurs The phenomenons such as haze.Since China leader proposes sustainable development path, various regions are all very paid attention to, especially for work The waste gas discharge of factory is more strict.

The content of the invention

The purpose of the present invention is directed to the strict demand that current factory discharges to oil flue waste gas, it is proposed that improved industry oil Fume treating device, the technical problems to be solved by the invention are:How industry lampblack discharge pollution to environment is reduced.

The purpose of the present invention can be realized by following technical proposal:Improved industry lampblack processing unit, including base And adapter sleeve, it is characterised in that adapter sleeve is made of metal material, and adapter sleeve lower end is sealedly connected with resilient sleeve, adapter sleeve Upper end is sealedly connected with collecting pipe, and induced-draught fan is set in collecting pipe, and some screen packs are provided with collecting pipe, and the screen pack is equal Between induced-draught fan and adapter sleeve, described collecting pipe includes the first collecting pipe, the second collecting pipe, the 3rd collecting pipe and the 4th Collecting pipe, is linked together between the first collecting pipe and the second collecting pipe by helicitic texture, and the second collecting pipe and the 3rd is collected Linked together by helicitic texture between pipe, one is connected to by helicitic texture between the 3rd collecting pipe and the 4th collecting pipe Rise, be fixed with the inwall of the second collecting pipe in the first collecting pipe it is outwardly and in circular mounting seat one, Second collecting pipe is fixed with outwardly and in circular mounting seat two at the inwall of the 3rd collecting pipe, is received the 3rd Collector is fixed with outwardly and in circular mounting seat three, described some filterings at the inwall of the 4th collecting pipe Net is respectively coarse filtration net, middle screen pack and thin screen pack, and the mesh of coarse filtration net, middle screen pack and thin screen pack three is by big Diminish successively, described coarse filtration net is arranged in mounting seat one, described middle screen pack is arranged in mounting seat two, described Thin screen pack is arranged in mounting seat three, and the 4th collecting pipe upper end is also sealedly connected with heat exchange tube arrangement, heat exchange tube arrangement Including exchanging inner tube and exchanging outer tube, exchange inner tube and be arranged in exchange outer tube, exchange inner tube lower end and the 4th collecting pipe upper end Also sealing connection, the lower end for exchanging outer tube is tightly connected by an annular seal plate with the outer wall for exchanging inner tube, is exchanged on outer tube End connects with a tank seal;Water tank is in and exchanges outer tube top, exchanges inner tube upper end and passes exchange outer tube and water tank and connection One end sealing connection of pipe, exchanges and sealing is kept between inner tube and water tank, and the adapter sleeve inwall is fixed with being used in a ring The backflash of reflux condensation mode water is collected, the bottom of the backflash offers fluid hole, and described fluid hole sealing is communicated with one Woven hose, a through hole is offered in the side wall of the adapter sleeve, the other end of the woven hose through described through hole, and with The one dust-collecting bucket connection for being used to store condensed water, the Kong Bianmi of the outer wall of the woven hose and the through hole for being opened in adapter sleeve side wall Sealing is determined, and described dust-collecting bucket is fixed on base;Water butt, storage lye tank and storage acid solution case, connection are fixed with base The other end of pipe is penetrated into water butt, keeps the end of sealing, connecting tube to be in water butt between connecting tube and water butt Below liquid level, described water butt top offers gas outlet one, and sealing is communicated with a delivery pipe on described gas outlet one One, the other end of delivery pipe one is penetrated into storage lye tank, and sealing, the end of delivery pipe one are kept between delivery pipe one and storage lye tank Portion is in below the liquid level of storage lye tank, and described storage alkali lye upper box part offers gas outlet two, close on described gas outlet two Envelope is communicated with a delivery pipe two, and the other end of delivery pipe two is penetrated into storage acid solution case, is protected between delivery pipe two and storage acid solution case Sealing is held, storage acid solution upper box part offers gas outlet three, process cartridge one is additionally provided with base, and the top of process cartridge one offers Air inlet, the bottom of process cartridge one offers gas outlet four, and sealing is communicated with a delivery pipe three, delivery pipe on the gas outlet three Three other end is connected with the air inlet of process cartridge one, and the filter for adsorbed gas, mistake are provided with process cartridge one Filter device is between air inlet and gas outlet four.

Its operation principle is as follows:By floor installation on the building of factory's oil smoke discharge mouthful, the base can be by steel construction Support is made, be fixed by screws in it is architectural, such as on the wall at oil smoke discharge pipe, by the company of present treatment device Female connector, water butt, storage lye tank, storage acid solution case, process cartridge one and dust-collecting bucket etc. are fixed on base by support, toward water butt Interior addition water, alkali lye, such as sodium hydroxide solution, addition acid solution, such as nitric acid in past storage acid solution case are added toward storage lye tank is interior Liquid, the free end of resilient sleeve is connected with factory oil smoke discharge mouthful, oil smoke is entered into adapter sleeve, and oil smoke flows through the first collection Pipe, the second collecting pipe, the 3rd collecting pipe and the 4th collecting pipe, are filtered step by step by coarse filtration net, middle screen pack and thin screen pack Large granular impurity, medium grain impurity and fine grained impurity in oil smoke, make filtering more fully, the suction set in collecting pipe Blower fan, makes oil smoke flow through collecting pipe more smoothly, is easy to the discharge of oil smoke.Because the upper end for exchanging outer tube connects with tank seal Logical, the lower end for exchanging outer tube is tightly connected by an annular seal plate with the outer wall for exchanging inner tube, is exchanged inner tube and is exchanged outer tube Between formed one occur heat exchange cavity volume, the water in water tank gathers in the cavity volume, due to the effect of convection current, the heat in cavity volume Water rises, and the cold water in water tank declines, and cooling is played a part of to exchanging inner tube, because the oil smoke for discharging has temperature higher Degree, when oil smoke flows through exchange inner tube, is lowered the temperature by exchange inner tube, and the aqueous vapor in oil smoke is condensed into aqueous water, along exchange inner tube Inwall, collection inside pipe wall are flowed to and are fixed in the backflash of adapter sleeve inwall, and backflash is connected by woven hose with dust-collecting bucket, is made The liquid Water Sproading of condensation is stored in dust-collecting bucket, so as to second using water source, simultaneously as the effect of convection current, in water tank Cold water be heated to form hot water, there is provided plant produced or worker life needed for hot water, there is save energy.By interior In the aqueous water that the oil smoke of pipe is entered into water butt by connecting tube, dust is set to be added in water, so as in filtering out oil smoke Dust, oil smoke is entered into storage lye tank by delivery pipe one, in neutralizing oil smoke using the akaline liquid stored up in lye tank Acidic materials, oil smoke again by delivery pipe two enter into storage acid solution case in, neutralized by storing up the acidic liquid in acid solution case Alkaline matter in oil smoke, oil smoke is entered into process cartridge one by delivery pipe three again, by the mistake being arranged in process cartridge one The pernicious gas that filter device is crossed in filtering fume.

Above-mentioned filter includes the first active carbon layer, the second activated carbon that are from top to bottom arranged in process cartridge one Layer, the 3rd active carbon layer and adsorbent sheet layers, adsorbent sheet layers include sheet frame, and sheet frame is arranged in process cartridge one, are set on sheet frame There is one layer of adsorbent.By the gas in the first active carbon layer, the second active carbon layer, the 3rd active carbon layer and adsorbent sheet layers Pernicious gas in adsorbent absorption oil smoke.

It is fixed with the above-mentioned inwall of process cartridge one outwardly and in circular positioning seat one, the first above-mentioned work Property layer of charcoal be arranged on positioning seat one, be fixed with the described inwall of process cartridge one outwardly and in circular positioning seat Two, the second above-mentioned active carbon layer is arranged on positioning seat two, be fixed with the described inwall of process cartridge one it is outwardly and In circular positioning seat three, the first above-mentioned active carbon layer is arranged on positioning seat three, is consolidated at the described inwall of process cartridge one It is fixed it is outwardly convex go out and in circular positioning seat four, above-mentioned sheet frame is arranged on positioning seat four.

PH value sensor one is additionally provided with above-mentioned storage acid solution case, storage acid solution case is also by a defeated acid solution Guan Yuyi acid Liquid bucket is connected, and is provided with magnetic valve one and delivery pump one in defeated acid solution pipe, and delivery pump one is in magnetic valve one and acid solution bucket Between, pH value sensor two is additionally provided with described storage lye tank, storage lye tank also passes through a defeated alkali liquor pipe and a lye tank It is connected, magnetic valve two and delivery pump two is provided with defeated alkali liquor pipe, delivery pump allows him to be between magnetic valve two and soda acid bucket, PH value sensor one, pH value sensor two, magnetic valve one, magnetic valve two, delivery pump one and delivery pump two pass through circuit and one Controller is connected, and described acid solution bucket and lye tank are fixed on base by support.Being stored in acid solution bucket has acid solution, alkali Being stored in liquid bucket has alkali lye, due to the neutralization to oil smoke middle acid substance and alkaline matter, the acid in loss storage acid solution case Alkali lye in liquid and storage lye tank, is supplemented, the He of pH value sensor one by the alkali lye in the bronsted lowry acids and bases bronsted lowry liquid bucket in acid solution bucket PH value sensor two measure respectively storage acid solution case in acid solution pH value and storage lye tank in alkali lye pH value, measurement signal is anti- Feed controller, when the pH value that pH value sensor one and pH value sensor two are measured is not up to the value of setting, controller will be believed Number send delivery pump one, delivery pump two, magnetic valve one and magnetic valve two to, will by starting delivery pump one and opening magnetic valve one Acid solution in acid solution bucket is added in storage acid solution case, by starting delivery pump two and opening magnetic valve two by the alkali lye in lye tank Add in storage lye tank, when the pH value that pH value sensor one and pH value sensor two are measured reaches the value of setting, delivery pump One and magnetic valve one close, delivery pump two and magnetic valve two are closed.

Outlet valve and water compensating valve are also associated with above-mentioned water tank, electric heating tube and TEMP are additionally provided with water tank Device, described outlet valve is connected by water pipe with water butt, and magnetic valve three and water pump are provided with water pipe, and water pump is in electricity Between magnet valve three and water butt, liquid level sensor, described electric heating tube, temperature sensor, magnetic valve are provided with water butt 3rd, water pump and liquid level sensor are connected by circuit with above-mentioned controller, and water compensating valve is by pipeline and extraneous water source It is connected.Water in water tank is heated by heat exchange tube arrangement, when the shortage of heat of heat exchange tube arrangement offer is so that water When water in case reaches the temperature of setting, the signal that the temperature sensor in water tank will be measured sends controller to, and controller is passed The number of delivering letters is heated to electric heating tube to water, and when water temperature reaches the value of setting, temperature sensor transmits a signal to controller, Electric heating tube is set to stop heating, the purpose of the water heating in water tank is needed for being lived for industrial production use or worker.Work as storage When water in bucket is not enough, signal is fed back to controller by liquid level sensor, and controller transmits a signal to magnetic valve three and water pump, Start water pump and open magnetic valve three, the water in water tank is added in water butt by outlet valve, the water in water tank is by mending Water valve is by extraneous water source supplement.The water of heating is added in water butt in water tank, and the impurity additionally aided in oil smoke dissolves in To in the middle of water, play a part of to improve filter effect.

Above-mentioned resilient sleeve is made up of elastomeric material, and resilient sleeve is enclosed within oil smoke discharge pipe, resilient sleeve by clip make its with Oil smoke discharge pipe keeps sealing.Resilient sleeve is made of elastomeric material, with corrosion-resistant, low cost and other advantages.

Above-mentioned exchange inner tube includes lower straight portion, upper straight portion and the spire between lower straight portion and upper straight portion, lower straight Portion and upper straight portion are in straight tube-like, and in the shape of a spiral, the upper end in upper straight portion is connected spire with one end of the connecting tube, upper straight portion Lower end is connected with the upper end of spire, and the lower end of spire is connected with the upper end in lower straight portion, the lower end in lower straight portion and described Four collecting pipes are tightly connected.Exchange the spire of inner tube in the shape of a spiral, its effect is increase oil smoke and the contact surface for exchanging inner tube Product, improves the efficiency of heat exchange.

Above-mentioned exchange inner tube is made up of copper product, and copper has good thermal conductivity, improves heat exchanger effectiveness.

The gas outlet four of above-mentioned process cartridge one by being connected with a process cartridge two communicating pipe, the bottom of process cartridge two have into Mouthful, the top of process cartridge two has outlet, and the gas outlet four of process cartridge one is connected by communicating pipe with the import of process cartridge two, locates Reason cylinder two is provided with electrical heating wire, and the process cartridge two is fixed on described base by support.By process cartridge one out Oil smoke, by entering into communicating pipe in process cartridge two, the electrical heating wire set in process cartridge two, its effect is lighted in oil smoke Carbon monoxide, eliminates pollution of the carbon monoxide to air.

Above-mentioned controller is PLC or singlechip controller.

Compared with prior art, the present invention has advantages below:

1., by being provided with storage tank, storage lye tank and storage acid solution case, soot gas sequentially pass through storage tank, storage lye tank With the case treatment of storage acid solution, efficiently eliminate the carbide in soot gas, sulfide, nitrogen oxides and the fragrant same clan, give up The poisonous and harmful substances such as acid, flue dust, improve soot gas clean-up effect.

2. the present invention, is heated by heat exchange tube arrangement to the water in water tank, and supply plant produced or worker live It is required, there is energy-conservation.

3. the present invention, by heat-exchange device, condensation recovery is carried out to the aqueous vapor in oil smoke, improves the utilization of water resource Efficiency.

4th, three screen packs of different pore size size are provided with, three filterings can efficiently be trapped, filter different-grain diameter Smoke particle thing, fume purifying efficiency is significantly improved.

5th, in the shape of a spiral, body is conducive to handing in the shape of a spiral the spire two of the spire one of exchange inner tube and exchange outer tube Heat transfer between the soot gas changed in inner tube and the water exchanged in outer tube, can improve energy recovery utilization rate, reduce enterprise Industry pollution treatment cost.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention.

Fig. 2 is lateral partial structurtes sectional view of the invention.

Fig. 3 is the internal structure schematic diagram of process cartridge one in the present invention.

In figure, 1, adapter sleeve;2nd, resilient sleeve;3rd, induced-draught fan;4th, the first collecting pipe;5th, the second collecting pipe;6th, the 3rd collect Pipe;7th, the 4th collecting pipe;8th, mounting seat one;9th, mounting seat two;10th, mounting seat three;11st, coarse filtration net;12nd, middle screen pack;13、 Thin screen pack;14th, inner tube is exchanged;14a, lower straight portion;14b, upper straight portion;14c, spire;15th, outer tube is exchanged;16th, ring packing Plate;17th, connecting tube;18th, backflash;19th, dust-collecting bucket;20th, water butt;21st, lye tank is stored up;22nd, acid solution case is stored up;23rd, delivery pipe One;24th, delivery pipe two;25th, delivery pipe three;26th, the first active carbon layer;27th, the second active carbon layer;28th, the 3rd active carbon layer; 29th, adsorbent sheet layers;29a, sheet frame;29b, adsorbent;30th, positioning seat one;31st, positioning seat two;32nd, positioning seat three;33rd, it is fixed Position seat four;34th, acid solution bucket;35th, lye tank;36th, process cartridge two;37th, water tank;38th, process cartridge one.

Specific embodiment

The following is specific embodiment of the invention and with reference to accompanying drawing, technical scheme is further described, But the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.

As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, improved industry lampblack processing unit, including base and adapter sleeve 1, its feature exist In adapter sleeve 1 is made of metal material, and the lower end of adapter sleeve 1 is sealedly connected with resilient sleeve 2, and the upper end of adapter sleeve 1 is sealedly connected with Collecting pipe, sets induced-draught fan 3 in collecting pipe, some screen packs are provided with collecting pipe, and screen pack is in induced-draught fan 3 and is connected Between set 1, collecting pipe includes the first collecting pipe 4, the second collecting pipe 5, the 3rd collecting pipe 6 and the 4th collecting pipe 7, the first collecting pipe 4 and second are linked together between collecting pipe 5 by helicitic texture, and screw thread is passed through between the second collecting pipe 5 and the 3rd collecting pipe 6 Structure links together, and is linked together by helicitic texture between the 3rd collecting pipe 6 and the 4th collecting pipe 7, is collected first Pipe 4 be fixed with the inwall of the second collecting pipe 5 it is outwardly and in circular mounting seat 1, in the second collecting pipe 5 It is fixed with the inwall of the 3rd collecting pipe 6 outwardly and in circular mounting seat 29, is leaned in the 3rd collecting pipe 6 It is fixed with outwardly and in circular mounting seat 3 10 at the inwall of nearly 4th collecting pipe 7, some screen packs are respectively Coarse filtration net 11, middle screen pack 12 and thin screen pack 13, the mesh of coarse filtration net 11, middle screen pack 12 and the thin three of screen pack 13 By diminishing successively greatly, coarse filtration net 11 is arranged in mounting seat 1, and middle screen pack 12 is arranged in mounting seat 29, thin screen pack 13 are arranged in mounting seat 3 10, and the upper end of the 4th collecting pipe 7 is also sealedly connected with heat exchange tube arrangement, and heat exchange tube arrangement includes Exchange inner tube 14 and exchange outer tube 15, exchange inner tube 14 and be arranged in exchange outer tube 15, exchange the lower end of inner tube 14 and collected with the 4th The upper end of pipe 7 also seals connection, and the lower end for exchanging outer tube 15 seals company by an annular seal plate 16 with the outer wall for exchanging inner tube 14 Connect, exchange the upper end of outer tube 15 and connected with the sealing of a water tank 37;Water tank 37 is in and exchanges the top of outer tube 15, exchanges the upper end of inner tube 14 and wears Go out to exchange outer tube 15 and water tank 37 to be connected with one end sealing of connecting tube 17, exchange and sealing is kept between inner tube 14 and water tank 37, The inwall of adapter sleeve 1 is fixed with the backflash 18 for collecting reflux condensation mode water in a ring, and the bottom of backflash 18 offers out Fluid apertures, fluid hole sealing is communicated with a woven hose, and a through hole is offered in the side wall of adapter sleeve 1, and the other end of woven hose is passed through Through hole, and be used to storing the dust-collecting bucket 19 of condensed water with one and connect, the outer wall of woven hose be opened in the logical of the side wall of adapter sleeve 1 The hole side sealing in hole is fixed, and dust-collecting bucket 19 is fixed on base;Water butt 20, storage lye tank 21 and storage acid are fixed with base Liquid case 22, the other end of connecting tube 17 is penetrated into water butt 20, and sealing, connecting tube are kept between connecting tube 17 and water butt 20 17 end is in below the liquid level of water butt 20, and the top of water butt 20 offers gas outlet one, and connection is sealed on gas outlet one Have a delivery pipe 1, the other end of delivery pipe 1 is penetrated into storage lye tank 21, delivery pipe 1 and storage lye tank 21 it Between keep sealing, the end of delivery pipe 1 is in below the liquid level of storage lye tank 21, and storage lye tank 21 top offers outlet Mouth two, sealing is communicated with a delivery pipe 2 24 on gas outlet two, and the other end of delivery pipe 2 24 is penetrated into storage acid solution case 22, defeated Send and sealing is kept between pipe 2 24 and storage acid solution case 22, the top of storage acid solution case 22 offers gas outlet three, is also set up on base There is process cartridge 1, the top of process cartridge 1 offers air inlet, and the bottom of process cartridge 1 offers gas outlet four, gas outlet three Upper sealing is communicated with a delivery pipe 3 25, and the other end of delivery pipe 3 25 is connected with the air inlet of process cartridge 1, treatment The filter for adsorbed gas is provided with cylinder 1, filter is between air inlet and gas outlet four.

Filter includes the first active carbon layer 26, the second active carbon layer that are from top to bottom arranged in process cartridge 1 27th, the 3rd active carbon layer 28 and adsorbent sheet layers 29, adsorbent sheet layers 29 include that sheet frame 29a, sheet frame 29a are arranged on process cartridge 1 It is interior, one layer of adsorbent 29b is provided with sheet frame 29a.Adsorbent 29b is the existing product of in the market, such as Adsorbent (the number of patent application of Anhui Province Hanshan County Tian Shuan Year environmental protection equipment Co., Ltd production:2015105494002).

It is fixed with the inwall of process cartridge 1 outwardly and in circular positioning seat 1, the first above-mentioned activity Layer of charcoal 26 is arranged on positioning seat 1, is fixed with outwardly at the described inwall of process cartridge 1 and is determined in circular Position seat 2 31, the second above-mentioned active carbon layer 27 is arranged on positioning seat 2 31, is fixed with the described inwall of process cartridge 1 Outwardly and in circular positioning seat 3 32, the first above-mentioned active carbon layer 26 is arranged on positioning seat 3 32, described The inwall of process cartridge 1 at be fixed with outwardly and in circular positioning seat 4 33, above-mentioned sheet frame 29a is arranged on On positioning seat 4 33.

PH value sensor one is additionally provided with storage acid solution case 22, storage acid solution case 22 also passes through a defeated acid solution Guan Yuyi acid solution Bucket 34 is connected, and magnetic valve one and delivery pump one are provided with defeated acid solution pipe, and delivery pump one is in magnetic valve one and acid solution bucket 34 Between, pH value sensor two is additionally provided with described storage lye tank 21, storage lye tank 21 also passes through a defeated alkali liquor pipe and one Lye tank 35 is connected, and magnetic valve two and delivery pump two are provided with defeated alkali liquor pipe, and delivery pump allows him to be in magnetic valve two and acid Between alkali bucket, pH value sensor one, pH value sensor two, magnetic valve one, magnetic valve two, delivery pump one and delivery pump two pass through Circuit is connected with a controller, and described acid solution bucket 34 and lye tank 35 are fixed on base by support.

It is also associated with being additionally provided with electric heating tube and temperature sensor in outlet valve and water compensating valve, water tank 37 on water tank 37, Described outlet valve is connected by water pipe with water butt 20, and magnetic valve three and water pump are provided with water pipe, and water pump is in electricity Between magnet valve three and water butt 20, liquid level sensor, described electric heating tube, temperature sensor, electricity are provided with water butt 20 Magnet valve three, water pump and liquid level sensor are connected by circuit with above-mentioned controller, and water compensating valve is by pipeline and the external world Water source is connected.

Resilient sleeve 2 is made up of elastomeric material, and resilient sleeve 2 is enclosed within oil smoke discharge pipe, and resilient sleeve 2 makes it with oil by clip Cigarette delivery pipe keeps sealing.

Exchanging inner tube 14 includes lower straight portion 14a, upper straight portion 14b and the spiral shell between lower straight portion 14a and upper straight portion 14b Rotation portion 14c, lower straight portion 14a and upper straight portion 14b be in straight tube-like, spire 14c in the shape of a spiral, the upper end of upper straight portion 14b with it is described One end connection of connecting tube 17, the lower end of upper straight portion 14b is connected with the upper end of spire 14c, and the lower end of spire 14c is straight with lower The upper end connection of portion 14a, lower end and the 4th described collecting pipe 7 of lower straight portion 14a are tightly connected.

Inner tube 14 is exchanged to be made up of copper product.

The gas outlet four of process cartridge 1 by being connected with a process cartridge 2 36 communicating pipe, the bottom of process cartridge 2 36 have into Mouthful, the top of process cartridge 2 36 has outlet, and the gas outlet four of process cartridge 1 passes through the import phase of communicating pipe and process cartridge 2 36 Connection, process cartridge 2 36 is provided with electrical heating wire, and process cartridge 2 36 is fixed on base by support.

Controller is PLC or singlechip controller.

Specific embodiment described herein is only to the spiritual explanation for example of the present invention.Technology neck belonging to of the invention The technical staff in domain can be made various modifications or supplement to described specific embodiment or be replaced using similar mode Generation, but without departing from spirit of the invention or surmount scope defined in appended claims.

Although more having used 1, adapter sleeve herein;2nd, resilient sleeve;3rd, induced-draught fan;4th, the first collecting pipe;5th, second receive Collector;6th, the 3rd collecting pipe;7th, the 4th collecting pipe;8th, mounting seat one;9th, mounting seat two;10th, mounting seat three;11st, coarse filtration net; 12nd, middle screen pack;13rd, thin screen pack;14th, inner tube is exchanged;14a, lower straight portion;14b, upper straight portion;14c, spire;15th, exchange Outer tube;16th, annular seal plate;17th, connecting tube;18th, backflash;19th, dust-collecting bucket;20th, water butt;21st, lye tank is stored up;22nd, store up Acid solution case;23rd, delivery pipe one;24th, delivery pipe two;25th, delivery pipe three;26th, the first active carbon layer;27th, the second active carbon layer; 28th, the 3rd active carbon layer;29th, adsorbent sheet layers;29a, sheet frame;29b, adsorbent;30th, positioning seat one;31st, positioning seat two; 32nd, positioning seat three;33rd, positioning seat four;34th, acid solution bucket;35th, lye tank;36th, process cartridge two;37th, water tank;38th, process cartridge is first-class Term, but it is not precluded from using the possibility of other terms.It is used for the purpose of more easily describing and explaining using these terms Essence of the invention;Any additional limitation is construed as all to be disagreed with spirit of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. improved industry lampblack processing unit, including base and adapter sleeve (1), it is characterised in that adapter sleeve (1) uses metal Material is made, and adapter sleeve (1) lower end is sealedly connected with resilient sleeve (2), and adapter sleeve (1) upper end is sealedly connected with collecting pipe, collects Induced-draught fan (3) is set in pipe, some screen packs are provided with collecting pipe, the screen pack is in induced-draught fan (3) and adapter sleeve (1) between, described collecting pipe includes the first collecting pipe (4), the second collecting pipe (5), the 3rd collecting pipe (6) and the 4th collecting pipe (7), linked together by helicitic texture between the first collecting pipe (4) and the second collecting pipe (5), the second collecting pipe (5) and Three collecting pipes are linked together between (6) by helicitic texture, and spiral shell is passed through between the 3rd collecting pipe (6) and the 4th collecting pipe (7) Line structure links together, and is fixed with outwardly at the inwall of the second collecting pipe (5) in the first collecting pipe (4) and is in Circular mounting seat one (8), is fixed with outwardly in the second collecting pipe (5) at the inwall of the 3rd collecting pipe (6) And in circular mounting seat two (9), fix outwardly convex at the inwall of the 4th collecting pipe (7) in the 3rd collecting pipe (6) Going out and in circular mounting seat three (10), described some screen packs are respectively coarse filtration net (11), middle screen pack (12) With thin screen pack (13), the mesh of coarse filtration net (11), middle screen pack (12) and thin screen pack (13) three by diminishing successively greatly, Described coarse filtration net (11) is arranged in mounting seat one (8), and described middle screen pack (12) is arranged in mounting seat two (9), Described thin screen pack (13) is arranged in mounting seat three (10), and the 4th collecting pipe (7) upper end is also sealedly connected with heat-exchange tube Device, heat exchange tube arrangement includes exchanging inner tube (14) and exchanges outer tube (15), exchanges inner tube (14) and be arranged on exchange outer tube (15) in, exchange inner tube (14) lower end also seals with the 4th collecting pipe (7) upper end and connects, and the lower end for exchanging outer tube (15) passes through one Annular seal plate (16) is tightly connected with the outer wall for exchanging inner tube (14), exchanges outer tube (15) upper end and seals company with a water tank (37) It is logical;Water tank (37) in exchange outer tube (15) top, exchange inner tube (14) upper end pass exchange outer tube (15) and water tank (37) and One end sealing connection of connecting tube (17), is exchanged and sealing is kept between inner tube (14) and water tank (37), and storage is fixed with base Bucket (20), storage lye tank (21) and storage acid solution case (22), the other end of connecting tube (17) are penetrated into water butt (20), are connected The end of sealing, connecting tube (17) is kept to be in below the liquid level of water butt (20) between pipe (17) and water butt (20), it is described Water butt (20) top offer gas outlet one, on described gas outlet one sealing be communicated with a delivery pipe one (23), it is defeated In sending the other end of pipe one (23) to penetrate into storage lye tank (21), keep sealing between delivery pipe one (23) and storage lye tank (21), The end of delivery pipe one (23) is in below the liquid level of storage lye tank (21), and described storage lye tank (21) top offers outlet Mouth two, sealing is communicated with a delivery pipe two (24) on described gas outlet two, and the other end of delivery pipe two (24) penetrates into storage acid In liquid case (22), sealing is kept between delivery pipe two (24) and storage acid solution case (22), storage acid solution case (22) top offers outlet Mouth three, is additionally provided with process cartridge one (38) on base, and the top of process cartridge one (38) offers air inlet, under process cartridge one (38) Portion offers gas outlet four, and sealing is communicated with a delivery pipe three (25) on the gas outlet three, delivery pipe three (25) it is another End is connected with the air inlet of process cartridge one (38), and the filter for adsorbed gas, mistake are provided with process cartridge one (38) Filter device is between air inlet and gas outlet four;Described filter includes from top to bottom being arranged in process cartridge one (38) The first active carbon layer (26), the second active carbon layer (27), the 3rd active carbon layer (28) and adsorbent sheet layers (29), adsorbent sheet layers (29) including sheet frame (29a), sheet frame (29a) is arranged in process cartridge one (38), one layer of gas is provided with sheet frame (29a) and is inhaled Attached dose (29b);Be fixed with the described inwall of process cartridge one (38) it is outwardly and in circular positioning seat one (30), on The first active carbon layer (26) stated is arranged on positioning seat one (30), fixes outwardly convex at the described inwall of process cartridge one (38) Going out and in circular positioning seat two (31), above-mentioned the second active carbon layer (27) is arranged on positioning seat two (31), described The inwall of process cartridge one (38) at be fixed with it is outwardly and in circular positioning seat three (32), the first above-mentioned activated carbon Layer (26) is arranged on positioning seat three (32), is fixed with the described inwall of process cartridge one (38) outwardly and in annular shape Positioning seat four (33), above-mentioned sheet frame (29a) is arranged on positioning seat four (33);Also set up in described storage acid solution case (22) There is pH value sensor one, storage acid solution case (22) is also connected by defeated acid solution Guan Yuyi acid solution bucket (34), in defeated acid solution pipe Magnetic valve one and delivery pump one are provided with, delivery pump one is between magnetic valve one and acid solution bucket (34), described storage lye tank (21) pH value sensor two is additionally provided with, storage lye tank (21) is also connected by a defeated alkali liquor pipe with a lye tank (35) It is logical, magnetic valve two and delivery pump two are provided with defeated alkali liquor pipe, delivery pump allows him to be between magnetic valve two and soda acid bucket, pH value Sensor one, pH value sensor two, magnetic valve one, magnetic valve two, delivery pump one and delivery pump two are by circuit and a control Device is connected, and described acid solution bucket (34) and lye tank (35) are fixed on base by support;Controller is programmable for PLC Controller.
2. improved industry lampblack processing unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that on described water tank (37) also It is connected with outlet valve and water compensating valve, water tank (37) and is additionally provided with electric heating tube and temperature sensor, described outlet valve passes through Water pipe is connected with water butt (20), and magnetic valve three and water pump are provided with water pipe, and water pump is in magnetic valve three and water butt (20) between, liquid level sensor, described electric heating tube, temperature sensor, magnetic valve three, water pump are provided with water butt (20) It is connected with above-mentioned controller by circuit with liquid level sensor, water compensating valve is connected by pipeline with the water source in the external world.
3. improved industry lampblack processing unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the resilient sleeve (2) is by rubber Glue material is made.
4. improved industry lampblack processing unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that exchange inner tube (14) bag Lower straight portion (14a), upper straight portion (14b) and the spire (14c) between lower straight portion (14a) and upper straight portion (14b) are included, under Straight portion (14a) and upper straight portion (14b) in straight tube-like, spire (14c) in the shape of a spiral, the upper end of upper straight portion (14b) and the company One end connection of (17) is taken over, the lower end of upper straight portion (14b) is connected with the upper end of spire (14c), the lower end of spire (14c) Upper end with lower straight portion (14a) is connected, and lower end and the 4th described collecting pipe (7) of lower straight portion (14a) are tightly connected.
5. improved industry lampblack processing unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the exchange inner tube (14) by Copper product is made.
6. improved industry lampblack processing unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described process cartridge one (38) Gas outlet four by being connected with a process cartridge two (36) communicating pipe, the bottom of process cartridge two (36) has import, process cartridge two (36) top has outlet, and the gas outlet four of process cartridge one (38) is connected by communicating pipe with the import of process cartridge two (36), Process cartridge two (36) is provided with electrical heating wire, and the process cartridge two (36) is fixed on described base by support.
CN201710199556.1A 2016-03-02 2016-03-02 Improved industry lampblack processing unit CN106902605B (en)

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CN105521682B (en) 2017-07-25
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CN105521682A (en) 2016-04-27
CN106902605B (en) 2018-12-28

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Effective date of registration: 20190613

Address after: 221600 No. 6 Zhou Boxi Road, Peixian Economic Development Zone, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province

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Patentee before: Li Weijie