CN106902605B - Improved industry lampblack processing unit - Google Patents

Improved industry lampblack processing unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106902605B
CN106902605B CN201710199556.1A CN201710199556A CN106902605B CN 106902605 B CN106902605 B CN 106902605B CN 201710199556 A CN201710199556 A CN 201710199556A CN 106902605 B CN106902605 B CN 106902605B
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China
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collecting pipe
tube
cartridge
pipe
water
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CN201710199556.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106902605A (en
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李伟杰
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李伟杰
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Priority to CN201610116645.0A priority Critical patent/CN105521682B/en
Priority to CN201710199556.1A priority patent/CN106902605B/en
Publication of CN106902605A publication Critical patent/CN106902605A/en
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Publication of CN106902605B publication Critical patent/CN106902605B/en

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    • Y02A50/2341
    • Y02A50/2355

Abstract

The present invention provides improved industry lampblack processing units, belong to industrial waste gas processing technology field.It solves existing industrial gas emission and the technical problems such as causes serious pollution to the environment.This industry lampblack processing unit, including pedestal and connector sleeve, connection set upper side is sealedly connected with collecting pipe, several filter screens are provided in collecting pipe, the collecting pipe includes the first collecting pipe, second collecting pipe, third collecting pipe and the 4th collecting pipe, 4th collecting pipe upper end is also sealedly connected with heat exchange tube arrangement, oil smoke is transported to water butt by connecting tube by the 4th collecting pipe upper end, store up lye tank, store up acid solution case, in process cartridge one and process cartridge two, acidic materials in successively filtering and elimination oil smoke, alkaline matter, the harmful substances such as dust particle and CO gas.The present invention has the advantages that filter and removing harmful substance range is wide.

Description

Improved industry lampblack processing unit

The present invention is to belong to patent name: structure improved industry lampblack processing unit, application number: 2016101166450, The applying date: the divisional application of the patent of invention of 2016-03-02.

Technical field

The invention belongs to industrial waste gas processing technology fields, are related to a kind of apparatus for treating cooking fume, especially improved industry Apparatus for treating cooking fume.

Background technique

In recent years, China developed area pollution aggravation, various regions industry is grown rapidly, but is not had in development process The processing of pollution is carried out in time, such as industry lampblack exhaust gas contains acidic materials, alkaline matter, carbon monoxide, dust particles etc., It is directly discharged in atmosphere without handling in time, or processing is not thorough discharge, causes atmosphere to be contaminated, acid rain, mist occurs Phenomena such as haze.Since China leader proposes sustainable development path, various regions are all very paid attention to, especially for work The exhaust gas discharge of factory is more stringent.

Summary of the invention

The strict demand that the purpose of the present invention is discharge for current factory to oil flue waste gas, proposes improved industry oil Fume treating device, the technical problems to be solved by the present invention are: how to reduce pollution of the industry lampblack discharge to environment.

Object of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme: improved industry lampblack processing unit, including pedestal And connector sleeve, which is characterized in that connector sleeve is made of metal material, and connector sleeve lower end is sealedly connected with resilient sleeve, connector sleeve Upper end is sealedly connected with collecting pipe, and suction ventilator is arranged in collecting pipe, and several filter screens are provided in collecting pipe, and the filter screen is equal Between suction ventilator and connector sleeve, the collecting pipe includes the first collecting pipe, the second collecting pipe, third collecting pipe and the 4th Collecting pipe is linked together between the first collecting pipe and the second collecting pipe by helicitic texture, and the second collecting pipe and third are collected It is linked together between pipe by helicitic texture, is connected to one by helicitic texture between third collecting pipe and the 4th collecting pipe It rises, is fixed with mounting base one outwardly protruding and annular in shape at the inner wall of the second collecting pipe in the first collecting pipe, Second collecting pipe is fixed with mounting base two outwardly protruding and annular in shape at the inner wall of third collecting pipe, receives in third Collector is fixed with mounting base three outwardly protruding and annular in shape, several filterings at the inner wall of the 4th collecting pipe Net is respectively coarse filtration net, middle filter screen and thin filter screen, and the mesh of coarse filtration net, middle filter screen and thin filter screen three is by big Successively become smaller, the coarse filtration net is arranged in mounting base one, and the middle filter screen is arranged in mounting base two, described Thin filter screen is arranged in mounting base three, and the 4th collecting pipe upper end is also sealedly connected with heat exchange tube arrangement, heat exchange tube arrangement Including exchange inner tube and exchange outer tube, the setting of exchange inner tube is in exchange outer tube, exchange inner tube lower end and the 4th collecting pipe upper end Also sealing connection, the lower end for exchanging outer tube are tightly connected with the outer wall for exchanging inner tube by an annular seal plate, are exchanged on outer tube End is connected to a tank seal;Water tank is in above exchange outer tube, and exchange upper end of inner tube is pierced by exchange outer tube and water tank and connection One end of pipe seals connection, exchanges and keeps sealing between inner tube and water tank, and the connector sleeve inner wall is fixed with being used in a ring The backflash of returned cold condensate is collected, the bottom of the backflash offers fluid hole, and the fluid hole sealing is communicated with one Perfusion tube offers a through-hole in the side wall of the connector sleeve, and the other end of the perfusion tube passes through the through-hole, and with One for storing the dust-collecting bucket connection of condensed water, and the outer wall of the perfusion tube and the hole edge for the through-hole for being provided with connector sleeve side wall are close Sealing is fixed, and the dust-collecting bucket is fixed on the base;Water butt, storage lye tank and storage acid solution case, connection are fixed on pedestal The other end of pipe penetrates into water butt, sealing is kept between connecting tube and water butt, the end of connecting tube is in water butt Liquid level is in the following, the water butt top offers gas outlet one, and sealing is communicated with a delivery pipe on the gas outlet one One, one other end of delivery pipe penetrates into storage lye tank, keeps sealing between delivery pipe one and storage lye tank, the end of delivery pipe one Portion is in the liquid level of storage lye tank in the following, the storage lye upper box part offers gas outlet two, close on the gas outlet two Envelope is communicated with a delivery pipe two, and two other end of delivery pipe penetrates into storage acid solution case, protects between delivery pipe two and storage acid solution case Sealing is held, storage acid solution upper box part offers gas outlet three, process cartridge one is additionally provided on pedestal, one top of process cartridge offers Air inlet, one lower part of process cartridge offer gas outlet four, and sealing is communicated with a delivery pipe three, delivery pipe on the gas outlet three Three other end is connected with the air inlet of process cartridge one, and the filter device for adsorbed gas, mistake are provided in process cartridge one Filter device is between air inlet and gas outlet four.

Its working principles are as follows: pedestal is mounted on the building of factory's oil smoke discharge mouth, which can be by steel construction Bracket is made, and is fixed by screws in building, such as is mounted on the wall at oil smoke discharge pipe, by the company of present treatment device Female connector, water butt, storage lye tank, storage acid solution case, process cartridge one and dust-collecting bucket etc. are fixed by the bracket on pedestal, toward water butt Lye, such as sodium hydroxide solution is added in storage lye tank in interior addition water, and acid solution, such as nitric acid is added in storage acid solution case The free end of resilient sleeve connect with factory oil smoke discharge mouth, enters oil smoke in connector sleeve, oil smoke flows through the first collection by liquid Pipe, the second collecting pipe, third collecting pipe and the 4th collecting pipe, are filtered step by step by coarse filtration net, middle filter screen and thin filter screen Large granular impurity, medium grain impurity and fine grained impurity in oil smoke make filtering more sufficiently, the suction being arranged in collecting pipe Blower makes oil smoke flow through collecting pipe more smoothly, convenient for the discharge of oil smoke.Since the upper end of exchange outer tube and tank seal connect It is logical, exchange the lower end of outer tube by an annular seal plate and the outer wall sealed connection for exchange inner tube, exchange inner tube with exchange outer tube Between form a cavity that heat exchange occurs, the water in water tank gathers in the cavity, the heat due to the effect of convection current, in cavity Water rises, and the cold water decline in water tank plays cooling effect to exchange inner tube, due to the oil smoke of discharge temperature with higher Degree is cooled down when oil smoke flows through exchange inner tube by exchange inner tube, and the aqueous vapor in oil smoke is condensed into liquid water, along exchange inner tube Inner wall, collection inside pipe wall flow in the backflash for being fixed on connector sleeve inner wall, and backflash is connected to by perfusion tube with dust-collecting bucket, is made The liquid water recycling of condensation is stored in dust-collecting bucket, so as to second using water source, simultaneously as the effect of convection current, in water tank Cold water be heated to form hot water, provide plant produced or worker life needed for hot water, have the advantages that saving the energy.By interior The oil smoke of pipe is entered in the liquid water in water butt by connecting tube, is added to dust in water, to filter out in oil smoke Dust, oil smoke by delivery pipe one enter storage lye tank in, using storage lye tank in akaline liquid neutralize in oil smoke Acidic materials, oil smoke pass through again delivery pipe two enter storage acid solution case in, by storage acid solution case in acidic liquid neutralize Alkaline matter in oil smoke, oil smoke pass through delivery pipe three again and enter in process cartridge one, pass through the mistake being arranged in process cartridge one Filter device crosses the pernicious gas in filtering fume.

Above-mentioned filter device includes the first active carbon layer being from top to bottom arranged in process cartridge one, the second active carbon Layer, third active carbon layer and adsorbent sheet layers, adsorbent sheet layers include sheet frame, and sheet frame is arranged in process cartridge one, is arranged on sheet frame There is one layer of adsorbent.Pass through the gas in the first active carbon layer, the second active carbon layer, third active carbon layer and adsorbent sheet layers Adsorbent adsorbs the pernicious gas in oil smoke.

Positioning seat one outwardly protruding and annular in shape is fixed at above-mentioned one inner wall of process cartridge, above-mentioned first is living Property layer of charcoal be arranged on positioning seat one, be fixed with positioning seat outwardly protruding and annular in shape at one inner wall of process cartridge Two, above-mentioned the second active carbon layer is arranged on positioning seat two, be fixed at one inner wall of process cartridge it is outwardly protruding and Positioning seat three annular in shape, the first above-mentioned active carbon layer are arranged on positioning seat three, consolidate at one inner wall of process cartridge It is fixed it is outwardly convex go out and positioning seat four annular in shape, above-mentioned sheet frame be arranged on positioning seat four.

PH sensor one is additionally provided in above-mentioned storage acid solution case, storage acid solution case also passes through a defeated acid solution Guan Yuyi acid Liquid bucket is connected, and is provided with solenoid valve one and delivery pump one in defeated acid solution pipe, delivery pump one be in solenoid valve one and acid solution bucket it Between, pH sensor two is additionally provided in the storage lye tank, storage lye tank also passes through a defeated alkali liquor pipe and a lye tank Be connected, solenoid valve two and delivery pump two be provided in defeated alkali liquor pipe, delivery pump two and between solenoid valve two and soda acid bucket, PH sensor one, pH sensor two, solenoid valve one, solenoid valve two, delivery pump one and delivery pump two pass through route and one Controller is connected, and the acid solution bucket and lye tank are fixed by the bracket on pedestal.Storage has acid solution, alkali in acid solution bucket Storage has lye in liquid bucket, and due to the neutralization to oil smoke middle acid substance and alkaline matter, the acid in acid solution case is stored up in loss Lye in liquid and storage lye tank, is supplemented, one He of pH sensor by the lye in the bronsted lowry acids and bases bronsted lowry liquid bucket in acid solution bucket PH sensor two measure respectively storage acid solution case in acid solution pH value and storage lye tank in lye pH value, measuring signal is anti- It feeds controller, when the pH value that pH sensor one and pH sensor two measure is not up to the value set, controller will be believed Number send delivery pump one, delivery pump two, solenoid valve one and solenoid valve two to, passing through starting delivery pump one and open solenoid valve one will Acid solution in acid solution bucket adds in storage acid solution case, by starting delivery pump two and opens solenoid valve two for the lye in lye tank It adds in storage lye tank, when the pH value that pH sensor one and pH sensor two measure reaches the value of setting, delivery pump One and solenoid valve one close, delivery pump two and solenoid valve two are closed.

It is also connected with outlet valve and water compensating valve on above-mentioned water tank, is additionally provided with electric heating tube and temperature sensing in water tank Device, the outlet valve are connected by water pipe with water butt, and solenoid valve three and water pump are provided in water pipe, and water pump is in electricity Between magnet valve three and water butt, liquid level sensor, the electric heating tube, temperature sensor, solenoid valve are provided in water butt Three, water pump and liquid level sensor pass through route and are connected with above-mentioned controller, and water compensating valve passes through pipeline and extraneous water source It is connected.Water in water tank is heated by heat exchange tube arrangement, when the shortage of heat that heat exchange tube arrangement provides is so that water When water in case reaches the temperature of setting, the temperature sensor in water tank sends the signal measured to controller, and controller passes The number of delivering letters heats water to electric heating tube, and when water temperature reaches the value of setting, temperature sensor transmits a signal to controller, Electric heating tube is set to stop heating, the purpose of the water heating in water tank is for needed for industrial production use or worker's life.Work as storage When water deficiency in bucket, signal is fed back to controller by liquid level sensor, and controller transmits a signal to solenoid valve three and water pump, Starting water pump simultaneously opens solenoid valve three, the water in water tank is added in water butt by outlet valve, the water in water tank passes through benefit Water valve is by extraneous water source supplement.The water heated in water tank adds in water butt, and the impurity additionally aided in oil smoke dissolves in To in water, play the role of improving filter effect.

Above-mentioned resilient sleeve is made of rubber material, and resilient sleeve covers on oil smoke discharge pipe, resilient sleeve by clip make its with Oil smoke discharge pipe keeps sealing.Resilient sleeve is made of rubber material, is had many advantages, such as corrosion-resistant, at low cost.

Above-mentioned exchange inner tube includes lower straight portion, upper straight portion and the spire between lower straight portion and upper straight portion, lower straight Portion and upper straight portion are in straight tube-like, and in the shape of a spiral, the upper end in upper straight portion is connect spire with one end of the connecting tube, upper straight portion Lower end and the upper end of spire connect, and the lower end of spire is connect with the upper end in lower straight portion, the lower end in lower straight portion and described the Four collecting pipes are tightly connected.In the shape of a spiral, act on is the contact surface for increasing oil smoke with exchanging inner tube to the spire for exchanging inner tube Product, improves the efficiency of heat exchange.

Above-mentioned exchange inner tube is made of copper product, and copper has good thermal conductivity, improves heat exchanger effectiveness.

The gas outlet four of above-mentioned process cartridge one by being connect with a process cartridge two communicating pipe, two lower part of process cartridge with into Mouthful, two top of process cartridge has outlet, and the gas outlet four of process cartridge one is connected by communicating pipe with the import of process cartridge two, locates Reason cylinder two is provided with electric heating wire, and the process cartridge two is fixed on the pedestal by bracket.It is come out by process cartridge one Oil smoke, by entering communicating pipe in process cartridge two, the electric heating wire being arranged in process cartridge two, effect is lighted in oil smoke Carbon monoxide eliminates pollution of the carbon monoxide to air.

Above-mentioned controller is PLC programmable controller or singlechip controller.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the following advantages that

1. by being provided with water tank, storage lye tank and storage acid solution case, soot gas successively passes through water tank, storage lye tank With storage acid solution case processing, efficiently eliminates carbide, sulfide, nitrogen oxides and aromatic in soot gas, gives up The poisonous and harmful substances such as acid, flue dust improve soot gas clean-up effect.

2. the present invention, heats the water in water tank by heat exchange tube arrangement, plant produced or worker's life are supplied It is required, have the advantages that energy conservation.

3. the present invention carries out condensing recovery to the aqueous vapor in oil smoke, improves the utilization of water resource by heat-exchange device Efficiency.

4, the filter screen provided with three different pore size sizes, filtering can be trapped efficiently, filter different-grain diameter three times Smoke particle object, fume purifying efficiency significantly improve.

5, in the shape of a spiral, tube body is conducive to hand in the shape of a spiral the spire two of the spire one and exchange outer tube that exchange inner tube The heat transfer between the soot gas in inner tube and the water exchanged in outer tube is changed, energy recovery utilization rate can be improved, reduces enterprise Industry pollution treatment cost.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention.

Fig. 2 is partial structure sectional view of the invention.

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of process cartridge one in the present invention.

In figure, 1, connector sleeve;2, resilient sleeve;3, suction ventilator;4, the first collecting pipe;5, the second collecting pipe;6, third is collected Pipe;7, the 4th collecting pipe;8, mounting base one;9, mounting base two;10, mounting base three;11, coarse filtration net;12, middle filter screen;13, Thin filter screen;14, inner tube is exchanged;14a, lower straight portion;14b, upper straight portion;14c, spire;15, outer tube is exchanged;16, ring packing Plate;17, connecting tube;18, backflash;19, dust-collecting bucket;20, water butt;21, lye tank is stored up;22, acid solution case is stored up;23, delivery pipe One;24, delivery pipe two;25, delivery pipe three;26, the first active carbon layer;27, the second active carbon layer;28, third active carbon layer; 29, adsorbent sheet layers;29a, sheet frame;29b, adsorbent;30, positioning seat one;31, positioning seat two;32, positioning seat three;33, fixed Position seat four;34, acid solution bucket;35, lye tank;36, process cartridge two;37, water tank;38, process cartridge one.

Specific embodiment

Following is a specific embodiment of the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention will be further described, However, the present invention is not limited to these examples.

As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, improved industry lampblack processing unit, including pedestal and connector sleeve 1, feature exists In connector sleeve 1 is made of metal material, and 1 lower end of connector sleeve is sealedly connected with resilient sleeve 2, and 1 upper end of connector sleeve is sealedly connected with Suction ventilator 3 is arranged in collecting pipe for collecting pipe, is provided with several filter screens in collecting pipe, filter screen be in suction ventilator 3 with connect Between set 1, collecting pipe includes the first collecting pipe 4, the second collecting pipe 5, third collecting pipe 6 and the 4th collecting pipe 7, the first collecting pipe 4 and second are linked together by helicitic texture between collecting pipe 5, pass through screw thread between the second collecting pipe 5 and third collecting pipe 6 Structure links together, and is linked together between third collecting pipe 6 and the 4th collecting pipe 7 by helicitic texture, collects first Pipe 4 is fixed with mounting base 1 outwardly protruding and annular in shape at the inner wall of the second collecting pipe 5, in the second collecting pipe 5 It is fixed with mounting base 29 outwardly protruding and annular in shape at the inner wall of third collecting pipe 6, is leaned in third collecting pipe 6 Mounting base 3 10 outwardly protruding and annular in shape is fixed at the inner wall of nearly 4th collecting pipe 7, several filter screens are respectively Coarse filtration net 11, middle filter screen 12 and thin filter screen 13, the mesh of coarse filtration net 11, middle filter screen 12 and 13 three of thin filter screen By successively becoming smaller greatly, coarse filtration net 11 is arranged in mounting base 1, and middle filter screen 12 is arranged in mounting base 29, thin filter screen 13 are arranged in mounting base 3 10, and 7 upper end of the 4th collecting pipe is also sealedly connected with heat exchange tube arrangement, and heat exchange tube arrangement includes Inner tube 14 and exchange outer tube 15 are exchanged, the setting of exchange inner tube 14 in exchange outer tube 15, collect with the 4th by exchange 14 lower end of inner tube 7 upper end of pipe also seals connection, and the lower end of exchange outer tube 15, which is sealed by an annular seal plate 16 with the outer wall for exchanging inner tube 14, to be connected It connects, exchange 15 upper end of outer tube is connected to a water tank 37 sealing;Water tank 37 is in 15 top of exchange outer tube, and exchange 14 upper end of inner tube is worn Outer tube 15 and water tank 37 are exchanged out to be connected to the sealing of one end of connecting tube 17, are exchanged and are kept sealing between inner tube 14 and water tank 37, 1 inner wall of connector sleeve is fixed with the backflash 18 for being used to collect returned cold condensate in a ring, and the bottom of backflash 18 offers out Fluid apertures, fluid hole sealing are communicated with a perfusion tube, offer a through-hole in the side wall of connector sleeve 1, the other end of perfusion tube passes through Through-hole, and be connected to a dust-collecting bucket 19 for storing condensed water, the outer wall of perfusion tube be provided with leading to for 1 side wall of connector sleeve The hole edge in hole, which seals, fixes, and dust-collecting bucket 19 is fixed on the base;Water butt 20, storage lye tank 21 and storage acid are fixed on pedestal Liquid case 22, the other end of connecting tube 17 penetrate into water butt 20, and sealing, connecting tube are kept between connecting tube 17 and water butt 20 17 end is in the liquid level of water butt 20 in the following, 20 top of water butt offers gas outlet one, and sealing is connected on gas outlet one Have a delivery pipe 1, one 23 other end of delivery pipe penetrates into storage lye tank 21, delivery pipe 1 and storage lye tank 21 it Between keep sealing, the end of delivery pipe 1 is in the liquid level of storage lye tank 21 in the following, storage 21 top of lye tank offers outlet Mouthfuls two, sealing is communicated with a delivery pipe 2 24 on gas outlet two, and 2 24 other end of delivery pipe penetrates into storage acid solution case 22, defeated It send and keeps sealing between pipe 2 24 and storage acid solution case 22, storage 22 top of acid solution case offers gas outlet three, also sets up on pedestal There is process cartridge 1, one 38 top of process cartridge offers air inlet, and one 38 lower part of process cartridge offers gas outlet four, gas outlet three Upper sealing is communicated with a delivery pipe 3 25, and the other end of delivery pipe 3 25 is connected with the air inlet of process cartridge 1, processing The filter device for adsorbed gas is provided in cylinder 1, filter device is between air inlet and gas outlet four.

Filter device includes the first active carbon layer 26, the second active carbon layer being from top to bottom arranged in process cartridge 1 27, third active carbon layer 28 and adsorbent sheet layers 29, adsorbent sheet layers 29 include sheet frame 29a, and sheet frame 29a is arranged in process cartridge 1 It is interior, one layer of adsorbent 29b is provided on sheet frame 29a.Adsorbent 29b is existing product in the market, such as Adsorbent (the number of patent application: 2015105494002) of Anhui Province Hanshan County Tian Shuan Year environmental protection equipment Co., Ltd production.

Positioning seat 1 outwardly protruding and annular in shape, the first above-mentioned activity are fixed at one 38 inner wall of process cartridge Layer of charcoal 26 is arranged on positioning seat 1, is fixed with and outwardly protruding and annular in shape determines at one 38 inner wall of process cartridge Position seat 2 31, the second above-mentioned active carbon layer 27 are arranged on positioning seat 2 31, are fixed at one 38 inner wall of process cartridge Positioning seat 3 32 outwardly protruding and annular in shape, the first above-mentioned active carbon layer 26 is arranged on positioning seat 3 32, described One 38 inner wall of process cartridge at be fixed with positioning seat 4 33 outwardly protruding and annular in shape, above-mentioned sheet frame 29a setting exists On positioning seat 4 33.

PH sensor one is additionally provided in storage acid solution case 22, storage acid solution case 22 also passes through a defeated acid solution Guan Yuyi acid solution Bucket 34 is connected, and solenoid valve one and delivery pump one is provided in defeated acid solution pipe, delivery pump one is in solenoid valve one and acid solution bucket 34 Between, pH sensor two is additionally provided in the storage lye tank 21, storage lye tank 21 also passes through a defeated alkali liquor pipe and one Lye tank 35 is connected, and solenoid valve two and delivery pump two are provided in defeated alkali liquor pipe, and delivery pump two is in solenoid valve two and soda acid Between bucket, pH sensor one, pH sensor two, solenoid valve one, solenoid valve two, delivery pump one and delivery pump two pass through line Lu Yuyi controller is connected, and the acid solution bucket 34 and lye tank 35 are fixed by the bracket on pedestal.

It is also connected with outlet valve and water compensating valve on water tank 37, is additionally provided with electric heating tube and temperature sensor in water tank 37, The outlet valve is connected by water pipe with water butt 20, and solenoid valve three and water pump are provided in water pipe, and water pump is in electricity Between magnet valve three and water butt 20, liquid level sensor, the electric heating tube, temperature sensor, electricity are provided in water butt 20 Magnet valve three, water pump and liquid level sensor pass through route and are connected with above-mentioned controller, and water compensating valve passes through pipeline and the external world Water source is connected.

Resilient sleeve 2 is made of rubber material, 2 sets of resilient sleeve on oil smoke discharge pipe, resilient sleeve 2 makes itself and oil by clip Cigarette delivery pipe keeps sealing.

Exchanging inner tube 14 includes lower straight portion 14a, upper straight portion 14b and the spiral shell between lower straight portion 14a and upper straight portion 14b Rotation portion 14c, lower straight portion 14a and upper straight portion 14b be in straight tube-like, spire 14c in the shape of a spiral, the upper end of upper straight portion 14b with it is described One end of connecting tube 17 connects, and the lower end of upper straight portion 14b connect with the upper end of spire 14c, the lower end of spire 14c with it is lower directly The upper end of portion 14a connects, and the lower end of lower straight portion 14a and the 4th collecting pipe 7 are tightly connected.

Exchange inner tube 14 is made of copper product.

The gas outlet four of process cartridge 1 by being connect with a process cartridge 2 36 communicating pipe, 2 36 lower part of process cartridge with into Mouthful, 2 36 top of process cartridge has outlet, and the gas outlet four of process cartridge 1 passes through the import phase of communicating pipe and process cartridge 2 36 Connection, process cartridge 2 36 are provided with electric heating wire, and process cartridge 2 36 is fixed by the bracket on pedestal.

Controller is PLC programmable controller or singlechip controller.

Specific embodiment described herein is only an example for the spirit of the invention.The neck of technology belonging to the present invention The technical staff in domain can make various modifications or additions to the described embodiments or replace by a similar method In generation, however, it does not deviate from the spirit of the invention or beyond the scope of the appended claims.

Although 1, connector sleeve is used more herein;2, resilient sleeve;3, suction ventilator;4, the first collecting pipe;5, it second receives Collector;6, third collecting pipe;7, the 4th collecting pipe;8, mounting base one;9, mounting base two;10, mounting base three;11, coarse filtration net; 12, middle filter screen;13, thin filter screen;14, inner tube is exchanged;14a, lower straight portion;14b, upper straight portion;14c, spire;15, it exchanges Outer tube;16, annular seal plate;17, connecting tube;18, backflash;19, dust-collecting bucket;20, water butt;21, lye tank is stored up;22, it stores up Acid solution case;23, delivery pipe one;24, delivery pipe two;25, delivery pipe three;26, the first active carbon layer;27, the second active carbon layer; 28, third active carbon layer;29, adsorbent sheet layers;29a, sheet frame;29b, adsorbent;30, positioning seat one;31, positioning seat two; 32, positioning seat three;33, positioning seat four;34, acid solution bucket;35, lye tank;36, process cartridge two;37, water tank;38, process cartridge is first-class Term, but it does not exclude the possibility of using other terms.The use of these items is only for be more convenient to describe and explain Essence of the invention;Being construed as any additional limitation is disagreed with spirit of that invention.

Claims (6)

1. improved industry lampblack processing unit, including pedestal and connector sleeve (1), which is characterized in that connector sleeve (1) uses metal Material is made, and connector sleeve (1) lower end is sealedly connected with resilient sleeve (2), and connector sleeve (1) upper end is sealedly connected with collecting pipe, collects Suction ventilator (3) are set in pipe, are provided with several filter screens in collecting pipe, the filter screen is in suction ventilator (3) and connector sleeve (1) between, the collecting pipe includes the first collecting pipe (4), the second collecting pipe (5), third collecting pipe (6) and the 4th collecting pipe (7), it is linked together between the first collecting pipe (4) and the second collecting pipe (5) by helicitic texture, the second collecting pipe (5) and Three collecting pipes are linked together between (6) by helicitic texture, pass through spiral shell between third collecting pipe (6) and the 4th collecting pipe (7) Line structure links together, and is fixed with outwardly protruding at the inner wall of the first collecting pipe (4) close to the second collecting pipe (5) and is in Circular mounting base one (8) is fixed at the inner wall of the second collecting pipe (5) close to third collecting pipe (6) and to outwardly protrude And mounting base two (9) annular in shape, fixation is outwardly convex at the inner wall of third collecting pipe (6) close to the 4th collecting pipe (7) Out and mounting base three (10) annular in shape, several filter screens are respectively coarse filtration net (11), middle filter screen (12) With thin filter screen (13), the mesh of coarse filtration net (11), middle filter screen (12) and thin filter screen (13) three by successively becoming smaller greatly, The coarse filtration net (11) is arranged in mounting base one (8), and the middle filter screen (12) is arranged in mounting base two (9), The thin filter screen (13) is arranged in mounting base three (10), and the 4th collecting pipe (7) upper end is also sealedly connected with heat-exchange tube Device, heat exchange tube arrangement include exchange inner tube (14) and exchange outer tube (15), and exchange inner tube (14) setting is in exchange outer tube (15) in, exchange inner tube (14) lower end is also sealed with the 4th collecting pipe (7) upper end to be connected to, and the lower end of exchange outer tube (15) passes through one Annular seal plate (16) is tightly connected with the outer wall for exchanging inner tube (14), and exchange outer tube (15) upper end and a water tank (37) sealing connect It is logical;Water tank (37) be in exchange outer tube (15) above, exchange inner tube (14) upper end be pierced by exchange outer tube (15) and water tank (37) and One end of connecting tube (17) seals connection, exchanges and keeps sealing between inner tube (14) and water tank (37), storage is fixed on pedestal Bucket (20), storage lye tank (21) and storage acid solution case (22), the other end of connecting tube (17) penetrate into water butt (20), connect It manages and keeps sealing between (17) and water butt (20), the end of connecting tube (17) is in the liquid level of water butt (20) in the following, described Water butt (20) top offer gas outlet one, sealing is communicated with a delivery pipe one (23) on the gas outlet one, defeated It send pipe one (23) other end to penetrate into storage lye tank (21), keeps sealing between delivery pipe one (23) and storage lye tank (21), The end of delivery pipe one (23) is in the liquid level of storage lye tank (21) in the following, described storage lye tank (21) top offers outlet Mouthfuls two, sealing is communicated with a delivery pipe two (24) on the gas outlet two, and delivery pipe two (24) other end penetrates into storage acid It in liquid case (22), keeps sealing between delivery pipe two (24) and storage acid solution case (22), storage acid solution case (22) top offers outlet Mouthfuls three, it is additionally provided with process cartridge one (38) on pedestal, process cartridge one (38) top offers air inlet, under process cartridge one (38) Portion offers gas outlet four, and sealing is communicated with a delivery pipe three (25) on the gas outlet three, delivery pipe three (25) it is another End is connected with the air inlet of process cartridge one (38), and the filter device for adsorbed gas, mistake are provided in process cartridge one (38) Filter device is between air inlet and gas outlet four;The filter device includes from top to bottom being arranged in process cartridge one (38) The first active carbon layer (26), the second active carbon layer (27), third active carbon layer (28) and adsorbent sheet layers (29), adsorbent sheet layers It (29) include sheet frame (29a), sheet frame (29a) setting is provided with one layer of gas on sheet frame (29a) and inhales in process cartridge one (38) Attached dose (29b);It is fixed with positioning seat one (30) outwardly protruding and annular in shape at described process cartridge one (38) inner wall, on The first active carbon layer (26) stated is arranged on positioning seat one (30), and fixation is outwardly convex at described process cartridge one (38) inner wall Out and positioning seat two (31) annular in shape, above-mentioned the second active carbon layer (27) is arranged on positioning seat two (31), described Process cartridge one (38) inner wall at be fixed with positioning seat three (32) outwardly protruding and annular in shape, the first above-mentioned active carbon Layer (26) is arranged on positioning seat three (32), is fixed at described process cartridge one (38) inner wall outwardly protruding and annular in shape Positioning seat four (33), above-mentioned sheet frame (29a) be arranged on positioning seat four (33);It is also set up in the storage acid solution case (22) There is pH sensor one, storage acid solution case (22) is also connected by a defeated acid solution Guan Yuyi acid solution bucket (34), in defeated acid solution pipe It is provided with solenoid valve one and delivery pump one, delivery pump one is between solenoid valve one and acid solution bucket (34), the storage lye tank (21) pH sensor two is additionally provided in, storage lye tank (21) is also connected by a defeated alkali liquor pipe with a lye tank (35) It is logical, solenoid valve two and delivery pump two are provided in defeated alkali liquor pipe, delivery pump two is between solenoid valve two and soda acid bucket, and pH value passes Sensor one, pH sensor two, solenoid valve one, solenoid valve two, delivery pump one and delivery pump two pass through route and a controller It is connected, the acid solution bucket (34) and lye tank (35) are fixed by the bracket on pedestal;Controller is PLC programmable control Device processed.
2. improved industry lampblack processing unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that on the water tank (37) also It is connected with outlet valve and water compensating valve, is additionally provided with electric heating tube and temperature sensor in water tank (37), the outlet valve passes through Water pipe is connected with water butt (20), and solenoid valve three and water pump are provided in water pipe, and water pump is in solenoid valve three and water butt (20) between, liquid level sensor, the electric heating tube, temperature sensor, solenoid valve three, water pump are provided in water butt (20) Pass through route with liquid level sensor to be connected with above-mentioned controller, water compensating valve is connected by pipeline with extraneous water source.
3. improved industry lampblack processing unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the resilient sleeve (2) is by rubber Glue material is made.
4. improved industry lampblack processing unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that exchange inner tube (14) packet Lower straight portion (14a), upper straight portion (14b) and the spire (14c) being between lower straight portion (14a) and upper straight portion (14b) are included, under Straight portion (14a) and upper straight portion (14b) are in straight tube-like, spire (14c) in the shape of a spiral, the upper end of upper straight portion (14b) and the company One end connection of (17) is taken over, the lower end of upper straight portion (14b) is connect with the upper end of spire (14c), the lower end of spire (14c) It is connect with the upper end of lower straight portion (14a), the lower end of lower straight portion (14a) and the 4th collecting pipe (7) are tightly connected.
5. improved industry lampblack processing unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the exchange inner tube (14) by Copper product is made.
6. improved industry lampblack processing unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the process cartridge one (38) Gas outlet four by being connect with a process cartridge two (36) communicating pipe, process cartridge two (36) lower part is with import, process cartridge two (36) top has outlet, and the gas outlet four of process cartridge one (38) is connected by communicating pipe with the import of process cartridge two (36), Process cartridge two (36) is provided with electric heating wire, and the process cartridge two (36) is fixed by the bracket on the pedestal.
CN201710199556.1A 2016-03-02 2016-03-02 Improved industry lampblack processing unit CN106902605B (en)

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CN105521682A (en) 2016-04-27
CN106902605A (en) 2017-06-30

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