CN106826365B - A kind of bar feeder - Google Patents

A kind of bar feeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106826365B
CN106826365B CN201710057305.XA CN201710057305A CN106826365B CN 106826365 B CN106826365 B CN 106826365B CN 201710057305 A CN201710057305 A CN 201710057305A CN 106826365 B CN106826365 B CN 106826365B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
feeding
hopper
rod
piece
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CN201710057305.XA
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CN106826365A (en
Inventor
柳丽
王振
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Ningbo University
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Ningbo University
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Priority to CN201710057305.XA priority Critical patent/CN106826365B/en
Publication of CN106826365A publication Critical patent/CN106826365A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/10Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of magazines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of bar feeders, hopper including pedestal and upper end opening, pedestal is fixedly mounted in the rack of lathe, hopper is set on the base, the front bottom end of hopper tilts down, feature is the front opening of hopper, material all in one piece plate and blanking guide plate are provided at the front opening of hopper, it is provided with charging conduit on blanking guide plate, striker plate is provided with above charging conduit, it is provided on hopper for driving material all in one piece plate, the opening and closing driving mechanism of striker plate synchronization action, the exit of charging conduit is provided with feeding table, splicing groove is provided on feeding table, the feeding table driving mechanism for driving feeding table to be moved axially along bar is provided on hopper;Advantage is the blanking one by one and feeding that entire bar feeder is achieved that bar by two cylinders, and mechanical structure and control are all relatively simple, and debug and it is easy to maintenance, cost is relatively low, suitable small business promotes the use of.

Description

A kind of bar feeder
Technical field
Feed mechanism to bar more particularly to a kind of bar feeder in being processed the present invention relates to bar.
Background technology
Small processing enterprise much all uses artificial feeding in the process of bar, by operative employee by bar one Root is sent in process equipment, and which increase the labor intensity of operative employee, also increase the cost of labor of enterprise, while but also stick Expect that the degree of automation of processing is not high.Also there are many autoloaders on the market at present, can realize full-automatic material-feeding, but machine Tool structure and control are all more complex so that the cost of autoloader is higher, is not suitable for promoting the use of in small processing enterprise.
Invention content
Technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of mechanical structure and controls all relatively simply, and easy to maintenance, Cost is relatively low, the bar feeder that suitable small business uses.
Technical solution is used by the present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem:A kind of bar feeder, including pedestal and upper The hopper of end opening, the pedestal are fixedly mounted in the rack of lathe, and the hopper is arranged on the pedestal, institute The front bottom end for the hopper stated tilts down, the front opening of the hopper, is provided at the front opening of the hopper Material all in one piece plate and blanking guide plate, the blanking guide plate are fixed on the hopper, are provided on the blanking guide plate Charging conduit is provided with striker plate above the charging conduit, be provided on the hopper for drive the material all in one piece plate, The exit of the opening and closing driving mechanism of the striker plate synchronization action, the charging conduit is provided with feeding table, and described send It is provided with splicing groove on material platform, the feeding for driving the feeding table to be moved axially along bar is provided on the hopper Platform driving mechanism.
Further, the hopper includes the bottom plate tilted down and the rear baffle that is fixed on the bottom plate It is fixedly installed material all in one piece axis with the upper end of two pieces of side shields, the material all in one piece plate, the material all in one piece axis axis is connected on the side block On plate, the opening and closing driving mechanism includes material all in one piece cylinder, first connecting rod, second connecting rod and third connecting rod, and described first connects Bar is fixedly connected with the material all in one piece axis, and the material all in one piece cylinder is horizontally fixed on the bottom plate, the first connecting rod Upper end and the piston rod of the material all in one piece cylinder be hinged, the lower end of the first connecting rod is upper with the second connecting rod End is hinged, and the lower end of the second connecting rod and the rear end of the third connecting rod are hinged, the rear end of the striker plate Be fixedly installed material blocking shaft, the material blocking shaft axis is connected on the bottom plate, the front end of the third connecting rod with it is described Material blocking shaft is fixedly connected.
Further, the feeding table driving mechanism includes feeding cylinder, feeding guide and sliding block, the feeding gas Cylinder and the feeding guide are horizontally fixed on respectively on the bottom plate, and the sliding block is slided with the feeding guide level Dynamic cooperation, the piston rod of the feeding cylinder are fixedly connected with the sliding block, and the feeding table is fixed at described Sliding block on.
Further, the first axially extending regulating tank along bar is provided on the rear baffle, first adjusts spiral shell It follows closely and is spirally connected fixation across the rear end of first regulating tank and the side shield, be provided with along bar on the bottom plate The second axially extending regulating tank, the second adjusting screw pass through the bottom of second regulating tank and the side shield to be spirally connected Fixed, the blanking guide plate includes two guide plates being aligned one by one with the side shield described in two pieces respectively, the charging conduit Between the guide plate described in two, the axially extending third regulating tank along bar, third tune are provided on the bottom plate Section screw passes through the third regulating tank and the guide plate to be spirally connected fixation;By adjust two pieces of side shields between spacing with And spacing between two guide plates is adjusted, it can be achieved that blanking to different length bar.
Further, bar blanking detent mechanism is provided on the feeding table.
Further, the bar blanking detent mechanism includes locating rod and locating piece, and locating piece fixation is set It sets on the feeding table, the locating rod is located at described connect horizontal through the locating piece, the locating rod In hopper, positioning screw is bolted on the locating piece, the positioning screw is radially against in the locating rod.
Further, it is provided with position adjusting mechanism between the hopper and the pedestal so that the feeder exists Installation site on lathe is adjustable.
Further, the position adjusting mechanism includes adjustment seat and adjustable plate, and the adjustment seat is fixed at The bottom surface of the bottom of the hopper, the adjustment seat is provided with longitudinally adjust slot, and longitudinally adjust screw passes through described indulge It is spirally connected fixation to regulating tank and the adjustable plate, lateral adjustments slot is provided on the adjustable plate, lateral adjustments screw is worn The lateral adjustments slot and the pedestal is crossed to be spirally connected fixation.
Compared with prior art, it is an advantage of the invention that drawing one to push away and the connection of multi-connecting-rod mechanism by the one of material all in one piece cylinder The dynamic blanking one by one for realizing bar, then carries out feeding by feeding cylinder, i.e., entire bar feeder passes through two cylinders Be achieved that the blanking one by one and feeding of bar, mechanical structure and control are all relatively simple, and debug and easy to maintenance, cost compared with Low, suitable small business promotes the use of;And bar blanking detent mechanism is provided on feeding table so that the bar of different length All can it is accurate under expect on feeding table.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the sectional view of A-A in Fig. 2.
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with attached drawing embodiment, present invention is further described in detail.
As shown, a kind of bar feeder, includes the hopper of pedestal 1 and upper end opening, pedestal 1 is fixedly mounted on lathe Rack(It is not shown in figure)On, position adjusting mechanism is provided between hopper and pedestal 1, hopper includes the bottom plate tilted down 2, rear baffle 21 and two pieces of side shields 22 so that the front opening of hopper, rear baffle 21 are fixed on a base plate 2, on rear baffle 21 It is provided with the first axially extending regulating tank 211 along bar, the first adjusting screw 212 passes through the first regulating tank 211 and side block The rear end of plate 22 is spirally connected fixation, and the second axially extending regulating tank 23 along bar, the second adjusting screw 24 are provided on bottom plate 2 It is spirally connected fixation across the bottom of the second regulating tank 23 and side shield 22, position adjusting mechanism includes adjustment seat 3 and adjustable plate 4, is adjusted Section seat 3 is fixed at the bottom of bottom plate 2, and the bottom surface of adjustment seat 3 is provided with longitudinally adjust slot 31, and longitudinally adjust screw 32 passes through Longitudinally adjust slot 31 and adjustable plate 4 are spirally connected fixation, lateral adjustments slot 41 are provided on adjustable plate 4, lateral adjustments screw 42 passes through Lateral adjustments slot 41 and pedestal 1 are spirally connected fixation, material all in one piece plate 5 and two guide plates 25 are provided at the front opening of hopper, two are led Plate 25 is aligned with two pieces of side shields 22 one by one respectively, and charging conduit 26 is provided between two guide plates 25, is provided with along stick on bottom plate 2 The axially extending third regulating tank 27 of material, third adjusting screw(It is not marked in figure)Across third regulating tank 27 and 25 spiral shell of guide plate Fixation is connect, the top of charging conduit 26 is provided with striker plate 6, is provided on hopper dynamic for driving material all in one piece plate 5, striker plate 6 to synchronize The opening and closing driving mechanism of work, opening and closing driving mechanism include material all in one piece cylinder 7, first connecting rod 71, second connecting rod 72 and third connecting rod 73, The upper end of material all in one piece plate 5 is fixedly installed material all in one piece axis 51, and 51 axis of material all in one piece axis is connected on side shield 22, first connecting rod 71 and material all in one piece axis 51 It is fixedly connected, material all in one piece cylinder 7 is horizontally fixed on bottom plate 2, and the upper end of first connecting rod 71 is mutually cut with scissors with the piston rod of material all in one piece cylinder 7 It connects, the lower end and the upper end of second connecting rod 72 of first connecting rod 71 are hinged, behind the lower end of second connecting rod 72 and third connecting rod 73 End is hinged, and the rear end of striker plate 6 is fixedly installed material blocking shaft 61, and 61 axis of material blocking shaft connects on a base plate 2, before third connecting rod 73 End is fixedly connected with material blocking shaft 61;
The exit of charging conduit 26 is provided with feeding table 8, and splicing groove 81 is provided on feeding table 8, is arranged on hopper useful In the feeding table driving mechanism that driving feeding table 8 is moved axially along bar, feeding table driving mechanism includes feeding cylinder 9, feeding Guide rail 91 and sliding block 92, feeding cylinder 9 and feeding guide 91 are horizontally fixed on respectively on bottom plate 2, sliding block 92 and feeding guide 91 Level is slidably matched, and the piston rod of feeding cylinder 9 is fixedly connected with sliding block 92, and feeding table 8 is fixed on sliding block 92, feeding Bar blanking detent mechanism is provided on platform 8, bar blanking detent mechanism includes locating rod 82 and locating piece 83, and locating piece 83 is solid Fixed to be arranged on feeding table 8, locating rod 82 is horizontal through locating piece 83, and locating rod 82 is located in splicing groove 81, on locating piece 83 It is bolted with positioning screw 84, positioning screw 84 is radial to be against in locating rod 82.
In above-described embodiment, the course of work of the bar feeder is:Bar is put into hopper, bar is slided along hopper It falls at the position of material all in one piece plate 5 and is blocked by material all in one piece plate 5, then control material all in one piece cylinder 7 and pull back first connecting rod 71, first connects Bar 71 drives material all in one piece axis 51 to rotate counterclockwise, and material all in one piece axis 51 drives material all in one piece plate 5 to rotate counterclockwise simultaneously so that the bar in hopper It slides into charging conduit 26, meanwhile, first connecting rod 71 pushes second connecting rod 72 to push, and second connecting rod 72 drives 73 up time of third connecting rod Needle rotates, and third connecting rod 73 drives striker plate 6 to push the bar blocked in charging conduit 26 and glides, and then controls material all in one piece cylinder 7 push forward first connecting rod 71, first connecting rod 71 that material all in one piece axis 51 is driven to rotate clockwise, and material all in one piece axis 51 drives material all in one piece plate 5 simultaneously It rotating clockwise so that the bar in hopper is blocked by material all in one piece plate 5, meanwhile, first connecting rod 71 pulls second connecting rod 72 to rise, the Two connecting rods 72 pull third connecting rod 73 to rotate counterclockwise, and third connecting rod 73 drives striker plate 6 to lift so that are located in charging conduit 26 A bar be slipped in the splicing groove 81 of feeding table 8, in the above process, material all in one piece cylinder 7 one draw one push realize The blanking one by one of bar;Then control feeding cylinder 9 pushes feeding table 8 along the axial movement of bar, and bar is sent to lathe In be processed;Repetitive controller material all in one piece cylinder 7 pulls back first connecting rod 71, carries out bar blanking next time, meanwhile, control The drive feeding table 8 of feeding cylinder 9 resets to the exit of charging conduit 26.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of bar feeder, includes the hopper of pedestal and upper end opening, the pedestal is fixedly mounted on the rack of lathe On, the hopper is arranged on the pedestal, and the front bottom end of the hopper tilts down, it is characterised in that:It is described Hopper front opening, be provided with material all in one piece plate and blanking guide plate, the blanking guide plate at the front opening of the hopper It is fixed on the hopper, charging conduit is provided on the blanking guide plate, is provided with above the charging conduit Striker plate is provided with for driving the folding of the material all in one piece plate, the striker plate synchronization action to drive on the hopper The exit of mechanism, the charging conduit is provided with feeding table, is provided with splicing groove on the feeding table, on the hopper It is provided with the feeding table driving mechanism for driving the feeding table to be moved axially along bar;The hopper includes dipping down Oblique bottom plate and the rear baffle being fixed on the bottom plate and two pieces of side shields, the upper end of the material all in one piece plate, which is fixed, to be set It is equipped with material all in one piece axis, the material all in one piece axis axis is connected on the side shield, and the opening and closing driving mechanism includes material all in one piece cylinder, the One connecting rod, second connecting rod and third connecting rod, the first connecting rod are fixedly connected with the material all in one piece axis, the material all in one piece cylinder It is horizontally fixed on the bottom plate, the upper end of the first connecting rod and the piston rod of the material all in one piece cylinder are hinged, institute The lower end for the first connecting rod stated and the upper end of the second connecting rod are hinged, the lower end of the second connecting rod and described the The rear end of three-link is hinged, and the rear end of the striker plate is fixedly installed material blocking shaft, and the material blocking shaft axis is connected on described Bottom plate on, the front end of the third connecting rod is fixedly connected with the material blocking shaft.
2. a kind of bar feeder as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The feeding table driving mechanism includes feeding Cylinder, feeding guide and sliding block, the feeding cylinder and the feeding guide are horizontally fixed on respectively on the bottom plate, The sliding block is slidably matched with the feeding guide level, and the piston rod of the feeding cylinder is fixed with the sliding block Connection, the feeding table are fixed on the sliding block.
3. a kind of bar feeder as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is provided with along bar on the rear baffle The first axially extending regulating tank, the first adjusting screw pass through the rear end of first regulating tank and the side shield to be spirally connected It is fixed, it is provided with the second axially extending regulating tank along bar on the bottom plate, the second adjusting screw passes through described the The bottom of two regulating tanks and the side shield is spirally connected fixation, the blanking guide plate include two respectively with the side described in two pieces The guide plate that baffle is aligned one by one, the charging conduit are located between the guide plate described in two, are provided with along stick on the bottom plate The axially extending third regulating tank of material, it is solid that third adjusting screw passes through the third regulating tank to be spirally connected with the guide plate It is fixed.
4. a kind of bar feeder as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Bar blanking is provided on the feeding table Detent mechanism.
5. a kind of bar feeder as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The bar blanking detent mechanism includes fixed Position bar and locating piece, the locating piece are fixed on the feeding table, and the locating rod is horizontal through described Locating piece, the locating rod are located in the splicing groove, and positioning screw, the positioning are bolted on the locating piece Screw is radially against in the locating rod.
6. a kind of bar feeder as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is set between the hopper and the pedestal It is equipped with position adjusting mechanism.
7. a kind of bar feeder as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that:The position adjusting mechanism includes adjustment seat And adjustable plate, the adjustment seat are fixed at the bottom of the hopper, the bottom surface of the adjustment seat is provided with longitudinal direction Regulating tank, longitudinally adjust screw pass through the longitudinally adjust slot and the adjustable plate to be spirally connected fixation, on the adjustable plate It is provided with lateral adjustments slot, lateral adjustments screw passes through the lateral adjustments slot and the pedestal to be spirally connected fixation.
CN201710057305.XA 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 A kind of bar feeder Active CN106826365B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710057305.XA CN106826365B (en) 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 A kind of bar feeder

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CN106826365A CN106826365A (en) 2017-06-13
CN106826365B true CN106826365B (en) 2018-10-23

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CN107584312A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-01-16 太仓贝斯特机械设备有限公司 A kind of self-feeding peeling machine and its method of work
CN107443229A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-08 太仓贝斯特机械设备有限公司 A kind of grinding type peeling machine and its method of work for monitoring grinding disc
CN107649743A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-02-02 太仓贝斯特机械设备有限公司 A kind of peeling machine and its protective layer spraying method for protecting bar top layer
CN107621803A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-01-23 太仓贝斯特机械设备有限公司 The auto peeling machine and its automation control method of a kind of precise positioning
CN108820951A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-11-16 绩溪县众成精密机械有限公司 A kind of printer axle mills the feeding device of flat technique
CN109015291B (en) * 2018-06-28 2020-05-05 安徽智汇和专利技术开发有限公司 Material discharging mechanism
CN109333197A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-02-15 刘景岳 A kind of efficient grinding device of structural lumber
CN112091700A (en) * 2020-09-21 2020-12-18 株洲硬质合金集团有限公司 Automatic feeding device for chamfering small bar stock

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0348763A1 (en) * 1988-06-30 1990-01-03 WEERTH-HANDLING-SYSTEME Hans E. Weerth Device for carrying out bar-shaped work pieces from a magazine
CN1824459A (en) * 2006-03-23 2006-08-30 瓦房店轴承集团有限责任公司 Loading and unloading device of rod material processing and its method
CN204075852U (en) * 2014-08-22 2015-01-07 宁波铝宏汽车零部件有限公司 Axle class feed arrangement
CN205111557U (en) * 2015-07-24 2016-03-30 贵州兴富祥立健机械有限公司 Automatic material machine of receiving that send of unskilled labourer's piece
CN105621070A (en) * 2014-09-24 2016-06-01 无锡津天阳激光电子有限公司 Laterally-oblique plate longitudinally-pushing drill feeder

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0348763A1 (en) * 1988-06-30 1990-01-03 WEERTH-HANDLING-SYSTEME Hans E. Weerth Device for carrying out bar-shaped work pieces from a magazine
CN1824459A (en) * 2006-03-23 2006-08-30 瓦房店轴承集团有限责任公司 Loading and unloading device of rod material processing and its method
CN204075852U (en) * 2014-08-22 2015-01-07 宁波铝宏汽车零部件有限公司 Axle class feed arrangement
CN105621070A (en) * 2014-09-24 2016-06-01 无锡津天阳激光电子有限公司 Laterally-oblique plate longitudinally-pushing drill feeder
CN205111557U (en) * 2015-07-24 2016-03-30 贵州兴富祥立健机械有限公司 Automatic material machine of receiving that send of unskilled labourer's piece

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