CN106766237A - All-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration automatically controls water-both with hot pipe - Google Patents

All-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration automatically controls water-both with hot pipe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106766237A
CN106766237A CN201710001712.9A CN201710001712A CN106766237A CN 106766237 A CN106766237 A CN 106766237A CN 201710001712 A CN201710001712 A CN 201710001712A CN 106766237 A CN106766237 A CN 106766237A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
pipe
solar
heat
magnetic valve
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CN201710001712.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106766237B (en
Inventor
姚万祥
潘国华
盛景四
郑明静
张春晓
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TIANJIN TIANDIYUAN TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Tianjin Chengjian University
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TIANJIN TIANDIYUAN TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Tianjin Chengjian University
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Priority to CN201710001712.9A priority Critical patent/CN106766237B/en
Publication of CN106766237A publication Critical patent/CN106766237A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S10/00Solar heat collectors using working fluids
    • F24S10/90Solar heat collectors using working fluids using internal thermosiphonic circulation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S20/40Solar heat collectors combined with other heat sources, e.g. using electrical heating or heat from ambient air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S50/00Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors
    • F24S50/40Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors responsive to temperature
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The present invention provides all-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration and automatically controls water-both with hot pipe, and the water heater includes the solar water container, support, heat pipe, thermoelectric generation module, battery, cold water circulating system, the controller that are connected with each other.Effect of the invention is the energy dissipation problem that the water heater efficiently solves that hot water is seethed with excitement, evaporation is caused in boiler.Water storage box is exchanged heat by cold water inlet and cold water outlet pipe with cooling thermoelectric generation module cold end, can improve 10~20 DEG C of temperature in water storage box, is once preheated equivalent to the water from water storage box to solar energy moisturizing, heat is fully used profit.The present apparatus can not only provide the user with hot water, moreover it is possible to sufficiently be generated electricity using the temperature difference between cold water and hot water, energy-conserving and environment-protective are safe and efficient.

Description

All-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration automatically controls water-both with hot pipe
Technical field
The present invention relates to solar water heater apparatus field, more particularly to a kind of all-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration is automatic Control water-both with hot pipe.
Background technology
Solar water heater is a kind of photothermal converter, usually by vacuum glass heat collection tube, storage tank, support and correlation Annex is constituted, and solar energy is converted into heat energy and relies primarily on vacuum glass heat collection tube.Thermal-collecting tube is high by sunlight shadow surface temperature, collection Heat pipe opaco temperature is low, and water just produces the temperature difference to react in managing, and recycles the principle that the interior hot water floating cold water of pipe sinks by water Heating, makes water produce microcirculation and reach required hot water.Because its energy-conserving and environment-protective, it is convenient and cheap the features such as it is more next in wide geographic area More popularize.
As long as but user's heat water reach 40~50 DEG C just can be with, and solar water heater can heat water to 70~90 DEG C, it might even be possible to higher or even boiling is reached, because heat surplus not only waste water resource, and continuous heating to solar energy The casing and heat sink of water heater will also result in infringement.Meanwhile, heat sink surface temperature is raised and also leads to energy conversion Efficiency reduction.When solar irradiation weaker (sleet sky or night), user is often relatively difficult with water, so the common sun Energy water heater is difficult to meet the demand of user.
At this stage in order to solve the problems, such as solar water heater cannot round-the-clock running, without non-usage following four mode come Domestic hot-water is provided:1. solar water heater and electric heater are combined;2. solar water heater and gas heater are combined;3. Use electric heater;4. gas heater is used.Four kinds of methods of the above have shortcoming:Electric heater occupies toilet top very Big a part of space and power consumption is huge;Gas heater is empty due to the insecurity (inflammable and explosive) of combustion gas, particularly toilet Between narrow and small closing, if occur gas leakage, be difficult to discover, consequence is hardly imaginable.
In daily life, people are in addition to the heat energy to solar water heater has demand, and the demand for electric energy is further Increase.Present solar water heater unitary function, can only produce heat energy, and can not produce electric energy.Therefore, the photo-thermal of solar energy Comprehensively it is integrated using with thermo-electric generation, will is the trend of following solar water heater development.
The content of the invention
It is the drawbacks of for prior art, cheap it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of simple structure, energy-saving ring Protect, safely and efficiently all-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration automatically controls water-both with hot pipe, and fraction is not zero to solar water, it is real Solar energy heat utilization and generating integrated is showed.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is automatic to provide a kind of all-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration Control water-both with hot pipe, wherein:The water-both with hot pipe include solar water container, support, heat pipe, thermoelectric generation module, battery, Cold water circulating system, controller, solar water container are placed in the top of support, solar water container top connection user hot-water line, from Dynamic air bleeding valve and filling pipe;Tile thermoelectric generation module on the inclined-plane of support, and tile heat pipe in thermoelectric generation module, described heat Insert the bottom of solar water container in pipe upper end;Be provided with water storage box beside solar water heater, water storage box top be connected with into Water pipe, lower section is connected to filling pipe, tapping pipe, cold water inlet, cold water outlet pipe, and water storage box lower end passes through filling pipe and solar energy Water tank is connected, and water storage box is connected with by cold water inlet, cold water outlet pipe thermoelectric generation module, forms cold water circulating system; Described filling pipe is provided with magnetic valve one, and water inlet pipe is provided with magnetic valve two, and cold water inlet is provided with magnetic valve three, cold water Outlet pipe is provided with magnetic valve four, and tapping pipe is provided with magnetic valve five, described magnetic valve one, magnetic valve two, magnetic valve three, electricity Magnet valve four and magnetic valve five are connected by wire with positioned at indoor controller.
Switches set on one side, five groups of wires, one group of wire connection controller, in addition four component is drawn from switches set in controller Lian Jie not domestic power wire, household electricity wire, electric heater and battery on the left of solar water container.
Battery is disposed within, wire connection battery and thermoelectric generation module, forms closed-loop path;Described battery Coulometric detector is provided with, described coulometric detector is connected by wire with controller.
The solar water container side is provided with electric heater, temperature inductor, water level sensor one and water level sensor two, Electric heater is connected by wire with switches set, and water level sensor one is located at solar water container short transverse 1/5th;Water Position inductor two is located at solar water container short transverse five/everywhere,
The thermoelectric generation module includes absorber plate, P-type conductor, N-type conductor, three pieces of sheet metals and water-filling case, P-type conductor It is placed side by side with N-type conductor, between space be filled with insulation and thermal insulation material, the upper end of P-type conductor and N-type conductor first passes through gold The connection of one of category piece, then fitted with absorber plate (thermal source);The lower end of P-type conductor and N-type conductor first respectively with sheet metal two, gold Category piece three is connected, then the side for having insulating barrier with water-filling case is connected, water-filling case another side contact support;The two of sheet metal are set to Positive pole, the three of sheet metal is set to negative pole, is connected by wire between the two of sheet metal, the three of sheet metal and battery, and formation is closed Cyclization road.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
Although initial cost of the invention is higher, with following obvious advantage:Operating cost is low;Save the interior space;Nothing Gas leakage is dangerous;Fraction is not zero to solar water.
Thermoelectric generation module is generated electricity using the temperature difference at material two ends, compared with conventional electric power generation technology, with advantages below: 1) mechanical motion, is not susceptible to failure;2) automatic and stopping, electricity is automatically generated when having energy input;Even if 3) generate electricity Small scale will not also cause the efficiency to reduce;4) without peripheral equipment, required space is small.Therefore, thermoelectric power generation technology is too Sun can generate electricity, there is irreplaceable advantage in waste heat recycling field.
The present invention realizes the perfect adaptation of thermoelectric generation module and solar water heater, and the present apparatus can not only be carried to user Supplying hot water, moreover it is possible to sufficiently generated electricity using the temperature difference between cold water and hot water, energy-conserving and environment-protective are safe and efficient.
The addition of absorber plate not only increases the sunlight utilization of solar water heater, and heat pipe heat in itself is by heat absorption Plate transmission gives thermoelectric generation module for generating electricity, for electric power storage or offer household electricity, while also reducing heat pipe in itself Wall temperature, reached the effect of cooling so that the thermal efficiency of heat pipe improves 5%~10%.Because wall temperature is too high can damage Heat pipe, and wall temperature is higher, and slin emissivity is higher, and radiate bigger, the capacity usage ratio step-down of integral heat pipe.And heat pipe In unnecessary heat be utilized, heat is farthest utilized, efficiently solve hot water boiling in boiler, steam The energy dissipation problem that hair is caused.Water storage box is entered by cold water inlet and cold water outlet pipe with cooling thermoelectric generation module cold end Row heat exchange, can improve 10~20 DEG C of temperature in water storage box, and one has been carried out equivalent to the water from water storage box to solar energy moisturizing Secondary preheating, makes heat be fully used.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is system diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of thermoelectric power generation of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the thermoelectric generation module structure chart of the solution of the present invention one;
Fig. 4 is the thermoelectric generation module structure chart of the solution of the present invention two;
Fig. 5 is domestic water flow chart of the invention.
In figure:
1. absorber plate 6.P type conductors of 2. controller of solar water container, 3. heat pipe, 4. double glazing 5.
The cold water inlet of 11. water storage box of 7.N types conductor 8. water-filling case, 9. radiated rib, 10. battery 12.
The hot-water line of 13. cold water outlet pipe, 14. wire, 15. filling pipe, 16. water inlet pipe, 17. tapping pipe 18
The water level sensor one of 19. automatic exhaust steam valve, 20. electric heater, 21. temperature inductor 22.
The switch 2 25. of 23. switch 1 switchs the magnetic valve two of 3 26. magnetic valve 1
The insulating barrier of 28. thermoelectric generation module, 29. switches set, 30. sheet metal 1
The coulometric detector of 32. magnetic valve, 3 33. magnetic valve, 4 34. magnetic valve 5 35.
The adiabatic collets of 36. water level sensor, 2 37. sheet metal, 2 38. sheet metal 3 39.
40. water level sensor 3 41. switchs 4 42. switches sets
Specific embodiment
Water-both with hot pipe structure is automatically controlled furtherly to all-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration of the invention with reference to accompanying drawing It is bright.
It is by thermoelectric power generation that all-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration of the invention automatically controls water-both with hot pipe design philosophy Module produces thermoelectrical potential because of temperature difference, and electric current is produced in the closed circuit to carry out the storage and utilization of electric energy, uses controller To control the running of each sensing component, switch and valve, the overall energy efficiency of raising system is cooperated to.This Invention realizes the perfect adaptation of thermoelectric generation module and solar water heater.
As shown in figure 1, all-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration of the invention automatically controls water-both with hot pipe, including solar energy water Case 1, support, heat pipe 3, thermoelectric generation module 28, battery 10, cold water circulating system, controller 2, solar water container 1 are placed in branch The top of frame, the connection of the top of solar water container 1 user's hot-water line 18, automatic exhaust steam valve 19 and filling pipe 15;On the inclined-plane of support Tiling thermoelectric generation module, tile heat pipe in thermoelectric generation module, and the bottom of solar water container 1 is inserted in the described upper end of heat pipe 3; The side of solar water heater 1 is provided with water storage box 11, the top of water storage box 11 is connected with water inlet pipe 16, and lower section is connected to filling pipe 15th, tapping pipe 17, cold water inlet 12, cold water outlet pipe 13, the lower end of water storage box 11 are connected by filling pipe 15 with solar water container 1 Connect, water storage box 11 is connected with by cold water inlet 12, the thermoelectric generation module 28 of cold water outlet pipe 13, form circulating chilled water system System;Described filling pipe 15 is provided with magnetic valve 1, and water inlet pipe 16 is provided with magnetic valve 2 27, and cold water inlet 12 is provided with Magnetic valve 3 32, cold water outlet pipe 13 is provided with magnetic valve 4 26, and tapping pipe 17 is provided with magnetic valve 5 34.Described magnetic valve One 26, magnetic valve 2 27, magnetic valve 3 32, magnetic valve 4 26 and magnetic valve 5 34 are by wire and the controller for being located at interior 2 connections.The position height that the water storage box 11 is placed is more than the height of solar water container 1, and reservoir storage inside water storage box 11 is big In in solar water container 1 reservoir storage.Degree inductor 36 is used to detect water temperature.
Switches set 42 in controller on one side, from switches set 42 draw five groups of wires, one group of wire connection controller 2, in addition Four groups of electric heaters 20 and battery 10 connected respectively on the left of domestic power wire, household electricity wire, solar water container.Store Battery 10 is disposed within, wire 14 connection battery 10 and thermoelectric generation module 28, forms closed-loop path.
The side of the solar water container 1 is provided with electric heater 20, temperature inductor 21, water level sensor 1 and water level sense Device 2 36, electric heater 20 is answered to be connected with switches set 42 by wire, water level sensor 1 is located at the height side of solar water container 1 At 1/5th;Water level sensor 2 36 is located at the short transverse five of solar water container 1/everywhere;Temperature inductor 21 is used for Detection water temperature.
As shown in Figure 2,3, the thermoelectric generation module 28 includes absorber plate 5, P-type conductor 6,7, three blocks of metals of N-type conductor Piece and water-filling case 8, P-type conductor 6 and N-type conductor 7 are placed side by side, between space be filled with insulation and thermal insulation material 39, P-type conductor 6 and the upper end of N-type conductor 7 first pass through the connection of one of sheet metal 30, then be connected with thermal source, i.e. absorber plate 5;P-type conductor 6 and N-type The lower end of conductor 7 first respectively with sheet metal 2 37, sheet metal 3 38 be connected, then be connected with low-temperature receiver, i.e. water-filling case 8, with water-filling The side of the contact of case 8 has insulating barrier 31, water-filling case another side contact support;The 2 37 of sheet metal are set to positive pole, sheet metal it 3 38 are set to negative pole, are connected by wire between the 2 37 of sheet metal, the 3 38 of sheet metal and battery 10, form close ring Road.
Low-temperature receiver is also chosen as radiated rib 9, as shown in figure 4, the lower end of P-type conductor 6 and N-type conductor 7 first respectively with metal Piece 2 37, sheet metal 3 38 is connected, then is that radiated rib 9 is connected with low-temperature receiver.
As shown in figure 1, the described surface of heat pipe 3 scribbles solar selective absorbing coatings and corrosion-inhibiting coating, it is stainless steel snake Shape pulsating heat pipe.Pulsating heat pipe is made up of a number of thin straight pipeline and a number of elbow, when internal diameter of the pipeline is enough Hour, after extracting vacuum to pipeline, the working medium in pipe will form phase interstitial fluid, vapour plunger in pipe.Vapour-liquid plunger is interspersed Shape, after external heat source is heated, vapour post can expand, and promote the motion of fluid column, the reciprocating vibration motion in pipe when vapour, fluid column plug When, heat pipe can just realize efficient, quick heat transfer process.1. pulsating heat pipe simple structure, small volume, make maintenance cost It is low.Pulsating heat pipe does not need liquid-sucking core, without external accessory, reduces use and operating cost.2. good heat-transfer, lead Good in thermal property.In addition to being conducted heat by Working fluid phase changing, also by the vibration of vapour-liquid post, transmission working medium shows pulsating heat pipe pulsating heat pipe Heat;Under rational operational factor, the heat flow density of pulsating heat pipe can be evaporated phenomenon very much without conventional heat pipe greatly, The heat transport limitation of heat pipe will be significantly higher than general heat pipe.3. the adaptability of heat pipe is good.The profile of pulsating heat pipe can arbitrarily bend, And bringing-up section and cooling section can arbitrarily be chosen, heat pipe can work under arbitrary angle and different mode of heatings, and this is just big Its adaptability is increased greatly.The material of heat pipe 3 is stainless steel.Stainless steel material is cheap and wear-resistant, and anti-pressure ability is high, arteries and veins Because vapour, the reciprocating motion of fluid column plug, stainless steel heat pipe can bear than larger fatigue damage dynamic inside heat pipe.Heat pipe 3 is cold But section is totally submerged in solar water container 1, increases the area of condensation segment, accelerates heat exchange.The surface of heat pipe 3 has solar spectrum to select Selecting property coating and corrosion-inhibiting coating.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, one block of double glazing 4 of heat pipe 3 outer cover.Double glazing 4 is considered to solar radiation Absorb, through etc. factor, double glazing 4 can absorb more solar radiations, and the glass solar radiation of transmission also can be less.It is hollow Glass 4 has a certain distance with heat pipe 3.Convection losses can increase accordingly with the rising of absorber plate 5 and the temperature of heat pipe 3, from Right heat convection loss changes with double glazing 4 to the change of heat absorption transposition heat pipe 3 and the distance of absorber plate 5, when spacing exists During 40mm or so, the NATURAL CONVECTION COEFFICIENT OF HEAT under different temperatures situation all reaches a relatively few value, although continue to increase folder Interlamellar spacing, can further reduce NATURAL CONVECTION COEFFICIENT OF HEAT, but little on the influence of overall heat loss difference.Consider heat absorption to turn The behaviour in service and the contour structure size of heat collector put, it is determined that air blanketing spacing is chosen for 40mm.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, operation principle of the invention is irradiated on solar water heater for sunlight, a part of heat Absorbed by heat pipe 3, the principle of the phase-change heat transfer that absorbed heat using pulsating heat pipe 3, by the cool water heating in pipe, internal working medium and solar energy Water in water tank 1 quickly exchanges heat, and heats water;Another part sunlight is irradiated to the surface of absorber plate 5, while the heat that heat pipe 3 is distributed Amount also has part to be dispersed on absorber plate 5, and the heat that absorber plate 5 absorbs is the thermal source of thermoelectric generation module 28, is sent out using thermoelectricity There is the temperature difference at thermoelectric material two ends in electric module 28, it is closed circuit in the case of produce the principle of electric current, be external connection using thermoelectrical potential Closed-loop path produce electric current, be battery 10 storage electric energy.The low-temperature receiver of thermoelectric generation module 28 has two kinds of solutions.Scheme One, low-temperature receiver is that the cold water in water-filling case 8, with water-filling case 8 is exchanged heat so that heat constantly passes to cold water.Water-filling case 8, storage Water tank 11, cold water inlet 16 and cold water outlet pipe 13 collectively form a cold water circulating system.Heated cold water is by pipe Road is exchanged heat with the water in water storage box 11, allows heat to be released.The heat in water storage box 11 is discharged into equivalent to retaining Water in case 11 preheat.When solar water container 1 needs moisturizing, the moisturizing of solar water container 1 is given by water storage box 11.No Only increased into the water temperature in solar water container 1, improve energy utilization efficiency, and in cold winter, feed-water preheating Can be with antifreeze.In scheme two, low-temperature receiver is radiated rib 9, is delivered to the heat on radiated rib 9, is dispersed into air so that The heat of low-temperature receiver is discharged in time.Two schemes can be such that thermoelectric generation module 28 normally runs, and drive external load, Load in the present invention is battery 10.
Both the above method, method one, simple structure;Method two, it is complex, but capacity usage ratio is high, thermoelectric power generation Module 28 it is in hgher efficiency.The electric energy stored in battery 10 can be by wire 14 to indoor household electrical equipment such as mobile phone, electric heating Hydrophone, charger baby etc. are powered, when sunlight is not enough, can be by the electric heater 20 installed in the inside of solar water container 1 To the water heating of the inside, water temperature is improved, it is met use requirement.Certainly, not enough power supply in battery 10 is so that the sun In the case that water that can be in water heater is heated to the temperature for needing, power supply can be changed to family expenses and powered, can by domestic power, Water by electric heater 20 to the inside is heated.
Concrete operations flow as shown in figure 5, when water is not enough in water level sensor detects solar water container 1, controller 2 The magnetic valve 1 on filling pipe 15 can be opened, water intaking valve is closed, is supplemented to solar water container 1 by the water in water storage box 11 Water, after the water level sensor 2 36 in solar water container 1 detect water reached requirement after, controller 2 can be fed back to;Then Magnetic valve 1 on filling pipe 15 is closed, and the magnetic valve 2 27 on water inlet pipe 16 is automatically opened up, and treats water level sensor in water tank 3 40 detect after water fills it up with, and magnetic valve 2 27 is automatically switched off.When the water temperature that temperature inductor 21 in solar water container 1 is detected When not enough, the coulometric detector 35 that controller 2 can first from battery 10 obtains data, checks whether also electricity in battery 10 There is residue, if there is residue, open the switch 1 in switches set 42, if switch 2 24, switch 3 25, switch 4 41 are closed now Electric energy in Family needs battery 10, can open switch 2 24 by controller 2, be fed by the electricity in battery 10, Electric heater 20 in solar water container 1 is devoted oneself to work, after temperature inductor 21 detects temperature meets requirement, switches set 42 On switch 1 close;If remaining without electricity, switch 3 25, switch 4 41 are opened by controller 2, to battery 10 and electricity Heater 20 is powered simultaneously, and after the electricity in battery 10 is full, switch 3 25 is closed, and treats that the temperature in solar water container 1 reaches To after use requirement, switch 4 41 is closed.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of all-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration automatically controls water-both with hot pipe, it is characterized in that:The water-both with hot pipe is included too Positive energy water tank (1), support, heat pipe (3), thermoelectric generation module (28), battery (10), cold water circulating system, controller (2), Solar water container (1) is placed in the top of support, solar water container (1) top connection user's hot-water line (18), automatic exhaust steam valve And filling pipe (15) (19);Tile thermoelectric generation module on the inclined-plane of support, and tile heat pipe in thermoelectric generation module, described heat The bottom of pipe (3) upper end insertion solar water container (1);Solar water heater (1) side is provided with water storage box (11), water storage box (11) top is connected with water inlet pipe (16), and lower section is connected to filling pipe (15), tapping pipe (17), cold water inlet (12), cold water and goes out Water pipe (13), water storage box (11) lower end is connected by filling pipe (15) with solar water container (1), water storage box (11) with pass through cold water Water inlet pipe (12), cold water outlet pipe (13) thermoelectric generation module (28) connection, form cold water circulating system;Described filling pipe (15) magnetic valve one (26) is provided with, water inlet pipe (16) is provided with magnetic valve two (27), and cold water inlet (12) is provided with electromagnetism Valve three (32), cold water outlet pipe (13) is provided with magnetic valve four (26), and tapping pipe (17) is provided with magnetic valve five (34), described Magnetic valve one (26), magnetic valve two (27), magnetic valve three (32), magnetic valve four (26) and magnetic valve five (34) by wire with Connected positioned at indoor controller (2);
Switches set (42) in controller on one side, from switches set (42) draw five groups of wires, one group of wire connection controller (2), separately The outer four groups electric heaters (20) and battery connected respectively on the left of domestic power wire, household electricity wire, solar water container (10);
Battery (10) is disposed within, and wire (14) connects battery (10) and thermoelectric generation module (28), forms closed-loop path.
2. all-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration according to claim 1 automatically controls water-both with hot pipe, it is characterized in that:It is described Battery (10) be provided with coulometric detector (35), described coulometric detector (35) is connected by wire with controller (2).
3. all-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration according to claim 1 automatically controls water-both with hot pipe, it is characterized in that:It is described Solar water container (1) side is provided with electric heater (20), temperature inductor (21), water level sensor one (22) and water level sensor Two (36), electric heater (20) is connected by wire with switches set (42), and water level sensor one (22) is positioned at solar water container (1) At short transverse 1/5th;Water level sensor two (36) is positioned at solar water container (1) short transverse five/everywhere.
4. all-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration according to claim 1 automatically controls water-both with hot pipe, it is characterized in that:It is described Thermoelectric generation module (28) includes absorber plate (5), P-type conductor (6), N-type conductor (7), three pieces of sheet metals and water-filling case (8), p-type Conductor (6) and N-type conductor (7) are placed side by side, between space be filled with insulation and thermal insulation material (39), P-type conductor (6) and N-type The upper end of conductor (7) first passes through one of sheet metal (30) connection, then is fitted with absorber plate (5);P-type conductor (6) and N-type conductor (7) lower end first respectively with sheet metal two (37), sheet metal three (38) is connected, then has insulating barrier (31) with water-filling case (8) The side is connected, water-filling case another side contact support;The two (37) of sheet metal are set to positive pole, and the three (38) of sheet metal is set to bear Pole, is connected between the two (37) of sheet metal, the three (38) of sheet metal and battery (10) by wire, forms closed circuit.
5. all-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration according to claim 1 automatically controls water-both with hot pipe, it is characterized in that:It is described Thermoelectric generation module (28) low-temperature receiver be water-filling case (8) or radiated rib (9).
6. all-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration according to claim 1 automatically controls water-both with hot pipe, it is characterized in that:It is described Heat pipe (3) surface scribble solar selective absorbing coatings and corrosion-inhibiting coating, be the snakelike pulsating heat pipe of stainless steel.
7. all-weather light thermal photovoltaic integration according to claim 1 automatically controls water-both with hot pipe, it is characterized in that:It is described The position height that water storage box (11) is placed is more than solar water container (1) height, and the internal reservoir storage of water storage box (11) is more than too The reservoir storage of (1) in positive energy water tank.
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Cited By (4)

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CN108709229A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-10-26 河南展泓图信息科技有限公司 A kind of control method using the solar energy central water supply system for preventing fouling
CN108800611A (en) * 2018-06-30 2018-11-13 王波 A kind of multifunctional solar water heater
CN108916978A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-30 河南展泓图信息科技有限公司 A kind of solar energy central water supply system of good antiscale property
CN108917199A (en) * 2017-04-18 2018-11-30 青岛经济技术开发区海尔热水器有限公司 A kind of external circulating solar energy hot-water heating system and control method

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