CN106719078B - A kind of henhouse - Google Patents

A kind of henhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106719078B
CN106719078B CN201611044493.4A CN201611044493A CN106719078B CN 106719078 B CN106719078 B CN 106719078B CN 201611044493 A CN201611044493 A CN 201611044493A CN 106719078 B CN106719078 B CN 106719078B
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China
Prior art keywords
chicken manure
fermenting cellar
henhouse
stirring rod
lid
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CN201611044493.4A
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CN106719078A (en
Inventor
李梅
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韩陈
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K31/00Housing birds
    • A01K31/04Dropping-boards; Devices for removing excrement

Abstract

This patent is related to cultivation field, specifically disclose a kind of henhouse, lid and biogas collection device are collected including fermenting cellar, henhouse, stirring rod, sponge, chicken manure, fermenting cellar is mounted below henhouse, and fermenting cellar is opposite with the position of henhouse, the bottom surface of henhouse is equipped with several first through hole passed through for chicken manure;One end of stirring rod and the inner wall of fermenting cellar are hinged, and the other end of stirring rod is free end, and the second through-hole that the accommodating cavity of receiving bacterium solution is equipped in stirring rod and is connected to accommodating cavity, sponge covers the second through-hole;Chicken manure collects the upper end that lid is fixedly mounted on fermenting cellar, and chicken manure is collected to cover and is connected to equipped with the feed inlet and gas outlet, biogas collection device being connected to fermenting cellar with gas outlet, and fermenting cellar is equipped with discharge port.This programme can allow chicken manure adequately to mix with bacterium solution, make chicken manure by quick composting.

Description

A kind of henhouse
Technical field
The invention belongs to cultivate field, and in particular to a kind of henhouse decomposed for chicken manure.
Background technique
In the breeding process of chicken, chicken manure is the by-product that chicken will necessarily generate in breeding process, and chicken manure is a kind of ratio More good organic fertilizer, wherein containing a large amount of purity nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium.But chicken manure have to pass through before administration adequately it is decomposed, in corruption During ripe, need a large amount of bacillus, saccharomycete and der Pilz that the nutriment in chicken manure is decomposed, and most of thin Bacterium is facultative anaerobic bacteria, and chicken manure can be by quick composting under the action of these bacteriums.
Chicken manure is frequently necessary to manually be collected the chicken manure in henhouse in digest process, the chicken manure accumulation then collected Get up, natural packing decomposed 5~6 months, when chicken manure is by the way of compost, own decomposition nutrition matter was thin in chicken manure Bacterium is considerably less, and anaerobic state is substantially between chicken manure, and the bacterial reproduction speed that will lead to amphimicrobian is slower, causes in chicken manure The speed that nutriment decomposes is also just slow, and the decomposed time of chicken manure is very long, and decomposed period has a large amount of nitrogen It is converted into biogas, the decomposed process of such natural packing can waste a large amount of biogas.
Summary of the invention
The invention is intended to provide a kind of henhouse, to realize the quick composting of chicken manure.
In order to achieve the above object, base case of the invention is as follows: a kind of henhouse, including fermenting cellar and henhouse, described Fermenting cellar is mounted below henhouse, and fermenting cellar is opposite with the position of henhouse, and the bottom surface of the henhouse is equipped with several for chicken manure By first through hole;It further include stirring rod and sponge, one end of the stirring rod and the inner wall of fermenting cellar are hinged, stirring rod The other end is free end, the second through-hole that the accommodating cavity for accommodating bacterium solution is equipped in the stirring rod and is connected to accommodating cavity, The sponge covers the second through-hole;It further include that chicken manure collects lid and biogas collection device, the chicken manure is collected lid and is fixedly mounted on The upper end of fermenting cellar, chicken manure collect the feed inlet and gas outlet, biogas collection device and outlet for covering and being equipped with and being connected to fermenting cellar Mouth connection, the fermenting cellar are equipped with discharge port.
The principle of base case: when operation, chicken manure falls to chicken manure collection from the first through hole of henhouse bottom surface and covers, so It covers and is moved to from feed inlet from chicken manure collection afterwards, chicken manure enters in fermenting cellar from from feed inlet, at this time stirring in fermenting cellar Mix bar swing, chicken manure be uniformly mixed with the indoor bacterium solution of fermentation, upon mixing, new bacterium solution in stirring rod accommodating space from The outflow of second through hole, enters in the mixture of bacterium solution and chicken manure, while the sponge for being covered on the second through hole can stop The mixture of bacterium solution and chicken manure enters in accommodating space, while being mounted on chicken manure and collecting the biogas collection device covered and collect and fermenting Indoor biogas;When chicken manure by it is decomposed after, stirring rod swing, while by chicken manure from discharge outlet remove.
The advantages of base case: 1, stirring rod can allow bacterium solution adequately to mix with chicken manure, and chicken manure can be allowed quick It is decomposed;And the stirring action of stirring rod can promote biogas to be discharged out of sticky bacterium solution and chicken manure mixture, receive convenient for biogas Acquisition means quickly collect biogas;2, second for being equipped with the accommodating cavity for accommodating bacterium solution in stirring rod and being connected to accommodating cavity is logical Hole, stirring rod release bacterium solution during stirring, mix new bacterium solution adequately with chicken manure, moreover it is possible to quickly supplement mixing Bacterium solution in object, allows chicken manure by quick composting;3, sponge covers the second through-hole, can be avoided mixture and enters accommodating space In, it avoids accommodating space from being blocked, causes bacterium solution that cannot flow out;4, the bottom surface of henhouse is equipped with several first passed through for chicken manure Through-hole, and fermenting cellar is located at the lower section of henhouse, after chicken manure is discharged, chicken manure can be entered quickly in fermenting cellar chicken, be not necessarily to people The collection and transfer of work progress chicken manure.
Entire fermentation agitating device is without being manually collected chicken manure and shifting, and the decomposed time of chicken manure can be contracted It is short, moreover it is possible to the biogas that chicken manure generates in digest process is collected, the decomposed of the progress chicken manure of high efficient and reliable is capable of.
Preferred embodiment one: further including motor and cam mechanism as the preferred embodiment of basic scheme, the motor with Cam mechanism connection, cam mechanism are connect with stirring rod.Pass through above-mentioned setting, drive of the stirring rod in cam mechanism and motor Under can be realized the reciprocating motion of stirring, and then realize the uniform stirring of bacterium solution and chicken manure.
Preferred embodiment two: preferably one preferred embodiment further includes driving lever, and the chicken manure collects lid in inverted Funnel-form, and gas outlet is arranged in the center that chicken manure collects lid, one end and gas outlet of the driving lever and biogas collection device The side of junction rotation connection, driving lever is contacted with the upper surface that chicken manure collects lid.By above-mentioned setting, driving lever can be received in chicken manure Collection is covered to be rotated around gas outlet, and the side of driving lever is contacted with the upper surface that chicken manure collects lid during sliding, and chicken manure collects lid On chicken manure scraped by driving lever, quickly chicken manure is scraped into feed inlet, avoids chicken manure from collecting the chicken manure accumulation covered excessive, Also chicken manure is allowed quickly to enter in digest process;Since the density of the main component of biogas is less than the density of air, so natural pond Gas is located at the upper layer of air, and funnelform chicken manure collects lid, and methane accumulation chicken manure is made to collect the top of lid, and biogas collection device exists It collects more fast and effective when biogas.
Preferred embodiment three: preferably two preferred embodiment is equipped with baffle at the feed inlet.It is set by above-mentioned It sets, baffle is opened when stirring driving lever, flapper closure feed inlet is used at the end of charging, allow fermenting cellar is interior to be in anaerobic or few The state of oxygen, mainly since the bacterium for participating in fermentation is mostly anaerobic bacteria, setting baffle can effectively reduce fermentation indoor oxygen Content, promote the decomposed of chicken manure.
Preferred embodiment four: preferably three preferred embodiment, the feed inlet setting collect lid and fermentation in chicken manure The junction of room.By above-mentioned setting, feed inlet is located at the bottom end that funnelform chicken manure collects lid at this time, is scraping chicken in driving lever When excrement collects the chicken manure covered, chicken manure can quickly be slipped to the bottom end that chicken manure collects lid, enter directly into feed inlet, in turn It enters in fermenting cellar, avoiding chicken manure collection from covering accumulation has excessive chicken manure.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of henhouse embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the partial schematic diagram of Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
Appended drawing reference in Figure of description includes: fermenting cellar 10, discharge port 101, henhouse 20, first through hole 201, stirring Bar 30, accommodating space 301, the second through-hole 302, motor 303, cam mechanism 304, sponge 40, chicken manure collect lid 50, feed inlet 501, baffle 502, gas outlet 503, driving lever 504, biogas collection device 70.
Embodiment is substantially as shown shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2: a kind of henhouse, including fermenting cellar 10, henhouse 20, stirring rod 30, sea Silk floss 40, chicken manure collect lid 50 and biogas collection device 70.Fermenting cellar 10 is mounted on the underface of henhouse 20, on the bottom surface of henhouse 20 Equipped with several first through hole 201 passed through for chicken manure, without being manually collected to chicken manure.
Chicken manure collects the upper end that lid 50 is fixedly mounted on fermenting cellar 10, and it is in inverted funnel-form, chicken manure that chicken manure, which collects lid 50, It collects lid 50 and is equipped with the feed inlet 501 being connected to fermenting cellar 10 and gas outlet 503, the setting of gas outlet 503 is collected in chicken manure covers 50 center, biogas collection device 70 are connect with gas outlet 503;The setting of feed inlet 501 collects lid 50 and fermenting cellar 10 in chicken manure Junction;It further include driving lever 504, the upper end and gas outlet 503 of driving lever 504 and the junction of biogas collection device 70 rotate and connect It connects, the lower end of driving lever 504 is contacted with the upper surface of feed inlet 501, and the upper surface that lid 50 is collected with chicken manure in the side of driving lever 504 connects Touching avoids chicken manure from collecting the chicken manure accumulation on lid 50 excessively, also chicken manure is allowed quickly to enter in digest process, and the receipts of chicken manure Collection process is participated in without artificial.
One end of stirring rod 30 and the both sides of fermenting cellar 10 are side walls hinged, at this time the position of stirring rod 30 and feed inlet 501 Relatively, stirring rod 30 can quickly stir the chicken manure fallen from discharge port 101, and the other end of stirring rod 30 is free end, stir Mix the second through-hole 302 for being equipped with the accommodating cavity for accommodating bacterium solution in bar 30 and being connected to accommodating cavity, and the covering of sponge 40 second Through-hole 302 mixes new bacterium solution adequately with chicken manure, moreover it is possible to which the quickly bacterium solution in supplement mixture makes chicken manure quick It is decomposed.Symmetrical discharge port 101 there are two being set below fermenting cellar 10, and the position of the position of discharge port 101 and stirring rod 30 Relatively, facilitate the decomposed chicken manure removed in fermenting cellar 10.
In addition, further including motor 303 and cam mechanism 304, motor 303 is connect with cam mechanism 304, cam mechanism 304 connect with stirring rod 30, and stirring rod 30 can be realized the reciprocal of stirring under the drive of cam mechanism 304 and motor 303 Movement, and then realize the uniform stirring of bacterium solution and chicken manure.
In the present embodiment, when operation, chicken manure falls to chicken manure from the first through hole 201 of 20 bottom surface of henhouse and collects lid 50 On, baffle 502 then to be opened, driving lever 504 is stirred, driving lever 504 is rotated around gas outlet 503, in 504 rotation process of driving lever, driving lever Lid 50 is collected close to chicken manure in 504 side, and scrapes the chicken manure on chicken manure collection lid 50, and chicken manure is collected from chicken manure and moved on lid 50 To feed inlet 501, then chicken manure enters in fermenting cellar 10 from from feed inlet 501, at this time the stirring on 10 side wall of fermenting cellar Bar 30 stirs chicken manure and bacterium solution under the drive of motor 303 and cam mechanism 304, makes the bacterium solution in chicken manure and fermenting cellar 10 mixed It closes uniformly, upon mixing, the new bacterium solution in 30 accommodating space 301 of stirring rod flows out from the second through-hole 302, enters bacterium solution In the mixture of chicken manure, at the same be covered on the sponge 40 at the second through-hole 302 can stop the mixture of bacterium solution and chicken manure into The biogas collection device 70 for entering in accommodating space 301, while being mounted on chicken manure collection lid 50 collects the biogas in fermenting cellar 10, Biogas enters in biogas collection device 70 from from gas outlet 503;When chicken manure by it is decomposed after, chicken manure is moved from discharge port 101 Out, stirring rod 30 is rotated during removing, stirring rod 30 stirs mixture, mixture is removed from fermenting cellar 10.
What has been described above is only an embodiment of the present invention, and the common sense such as well known specific structure and/or characteristic are herein in scheme It does not describe excessively.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, without departing from the structure of the invention, also Several modifications and improvements can be made, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all will not influence of the invention real The effect and patent practicability applied.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims, specification In the records such as specific embodiment can be used for explaining the content of claim.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of henhouse, including fermenting cellar and henhouse, the fermenting cellar is mounted below henhouse, and the position of fermenting cellar and henhouse Relatively, which is characterized in that the bottom surface of the henhouse is equipped with several first through hole passed through for chicken manure;It further include stirring rod and sea Silk floss, one end of the stirring rod and the inner wall of fermenting cellar are hinged, and the other end of stirring rod is free end, are equipped in the stirring rod The second through-hole for accommodating the accommodating cavity of bacterium solution and being connected to accommodating cavity, the sponge cover the second through-hole;It further include chicken manure Collect lid and biogas collection device, the chicken manure collects the upper end that lid is fixedly mounted on fermenting cellar, chicken manure collection cover be equipped with The feed inlet of fermenting cellar connection and gas outlet, the feed inlet are arranged in chicken manure and collect lid and the junction of fermenting cellar, it is described into Baffle is equipped at material mouth;Biogas collection device is connected to gas outlet, is set below the fermenting cellar there are two symmetrical discharge port, And the position of discharge port is opposite with the position of stirring rod;It further include driving lever, it is in inverted funnel-form that the chicken manure, which collects lid, and is gone out The center that chicken manure collects lid is arranged in port, and one end and gas outlet of the driving lever and the junction of biogas collection device rotate and connect It connects, the side of driving lever is contacted with the upper surface that chicken manure collects lid.
2. a kind of henhouse according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it further include motor and cam mechanism, it is described electronic Machine is connect with cam mechanism, and cam mechanism is connect with stirring rod.
CN201611044493.4A 2016-11-24 2016-11-24 A kind of henhouse Active CN106719078B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611044493.4A CN106719078B (en) 2016-11-24 2016-11-24 A kind of henhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611044493.4A CN106719078B (en) 2016-11-24 2016-11-24 A kind of henhouse

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CN106719078A CN106719078A (en) 2017-05-31
CN106719078B true CN106719078B (en) 2019-09-17

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Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203226148U (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-10-09 柴建亭 Breeding hen house with fermentation bed
CN204259582U (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-15 巫溪县人川农业开发有限公司 A kind of animal colony house of automatic manure-cleaning
CN204762780U (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-11-18 罗平县智龙养鹅专业合作社 Energy cyclic utilization system of goose feed lot
CN205250051U (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-05-25 红河弘坤种禽有限公司 Chicken manure and wastewater collection processing apparatus with comprehensive recovery function
CN105420084B (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-09-14 河北工业大学 The fermentation of solar energy coupled biological and hen house are for Water heating system

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Effective date of registration: 20190826

Address after: 325000 Lucheng, Wenzhou District, No. 30 Golden Bridge Road, No.

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Address before: 564507 Xiaoshan Formation, Shanshuicun, Lubanzhen, Zunyi City, Guizhou Province

Applicant before: Li Mei

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