CN106677523A - Method for tower crane full model construction - Google Patents

Method for tower crane full model construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106677523A
CN106677523A CN201710156683.3A CN201710156683A CN106677523A CN 106677523 A CN106677523 A CN 106677523A CN 201710156683 A CN201710156683 A CN 201710156683A CN 106677523 A CN106677523 A CN 106677523A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
floor
building
tower crane
mould
full mould
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CN201710156683.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢龙腾
Original Assignee
卢龙腾
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Application filed by 卢龙腾 filed Critical 卢龙腾
Priority to CN201710156683.3A priority Critical patent/CN106677523A/en
Publication of CN106677523A publication Critical patent/CN106677523A/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G11/00Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs
    • E04G11/02Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for rooms as a whole by which walls and floors are cast simultaneously, whole storeys, or whole buildings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G17/00Connecting or other auxiliary members for forms, falsework structures, or shutterings

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of construction, in particular to a method for tower crane full model construction. The construction method comprises the steps of assembling a building full model, utilizing the building full model to build a first repeated floor and repeatedly building floor. A steel bar formwork is built on a basic floor, a tower crane is utilized to fixedly install the building full model corresponding to the steel bar formwork, and concrete is poured from top to bottom; after the concrete is dried, the joint of the building full model and the steel bar formwork is dismantled, the tower crane is utilized to suspend the building full model away from a building, the first repeated floor is built, and a roof of the first repeated floor is not capped. According to the construction method, building time consumption of the building can be effectively reduced through the building full model, construction efficiency is improved, the construction period is shortened, installation and dismantling of conventional formworks many times are avoided, manpower and material resource loss and waste are reduced, resources are deployed reasonably, the building full model can be repeatedly used after being assembled for the first time, resources are saved, the safety is high, and the safety stability in the construction process is ensured.

Description

A kind of full mould construction techniques of tower crane

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of building construction, and in particular to a kind of full mould construction techniques of tower crane.

Background technology

With the fast development of society, the development of real estate also advances by leaps and bounds therewith, along be increasing for building, Meanwhile, the quality and efficiency of building constructions construction are also the big focus of current one;Accelerate building on the basis of quality is ensured Construction, the wilderness demand to meet current building, be urgent problem instantly.

Current construction techniques is usually to carry out geologic prospect, layout design, scene removal, bid and report After the previous work such as building, the treatment in base is first carried out, it is ensured that the overall steadiness of building, then build main post beam and pour Post beam, then build roof and pour roof, each wall is finally built again;The construction of each wall needs plus template carries out wall and consolidates It is fixed, after treating that wall is built up, then the template on wall is removed by hand, after after lower floor solidification-stable, dismounting scene is taken The whole plank sheathings built, then plank sheathing is built again in upper floor, then pour post beam, roof and wall.Traditional building Construction method, the architectural process of each floor is required for constantly manually building template and form removal one by one, then under One layer of repetitive manual build template and form removal one by one, and not only big lossy manpower and material, causes resource Waste, and installation repeatedly and dismounting waste engineering time, low construction efficiency cause the construction time to extend, it is impossible to meet instantly The wilderness demand of building, pole is unfavorable for the construction of multi-storey building, has slowed down the development of real estate.

The content of the invention

In order to overcome shortcoming and defect present in prior art, built it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of full mould of tower crane Construction method is built, the construction method consumes when can greatly reduce the construction of building by building full mould, improves construction efficiency, Shorten the construction time, and avoid the multiple installation and removal of traditional construction template, reduce the loss and waste of manpower and materials, close Reason allotment resource, and build after full mould is completed for the first time and can repeatedly use, save resources are safe, it is ensured that apply The security and stability of work process.

The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:A kind of full mould construction techniques of tower crane, including following step Suddenly:

A, the full mould of assembling building:Each part that full mould will be built is assembled into the full mould of building according to design requirement, and will build full mould It is connected to the arm lower end of tower crane;

B, the first repetition floor is built using building full mould:Carry out building steel bar template on a foundation floor, will be built using tower crane Build the full mould correspondence steel bar template and install and fix, then casting concrete from top to bottom, after removing building after concrete drying Full mould and the junction of steel bar template, building is hung using tower crane by full mould is built, and builds to obtain the first repetition floor, first weight The roof of multiple floor does not bind;

Floor is built in C, repetition:The post beam steel template and floor steel bar mould of the second repetition floor are built on the first repetition floor Plate, will build the full mould correspondence post beam steel template and floor steel bar model sheetinstallat is fixed, then from top to bottom using tower crane Casting concrete, full mould and the post beam steel template, the junction of floor steel bar template are built after being removed after concrete drying, Building is hung by full mould is built using tower crane, the second repetition floor is built to obtain;

D, the like, carry out plus build N and repeat floor.

Preferably, when the foundation floor includes metope and roof, the specific method of the step B is:In a basic building Carry out building post beam steel template on layer, will build the full mould correspondence post beam steel model sheetinstallat using tower crane fixes, then Casting concrete, after the junction that the full mould of building and the post beam steel template are removed after concrete drying, utilizes from top to bottom Tower crane hangs building by full mould is built, and builds to obtain the first repetition floor, and the roof of the first repetition floor does not bind;

Another preferred, when the foundation floor includes metope, the specific method of the step B is:It is enterprising in a foundation floor Row builds post beam steel template and floor steel bar template, and the full mould correspondence post beam steel template and flooring will be built using tower crane Steel bar template is installed and fixed, then casting concrete from top to bottom, after removing the full mould of building and the post beam after concrete drying The junction of steel bar template, floor steel bar template, building is hung using tower crane by full mould is built, and builds to obtain the first repetition floor, institute The roof for stating the first repetition floor does not bind.

Preferably, in the step A, building full mould includes latch hanger, hangs mould bases beam, several modular units and symmetrical Two keepers for setting, one end of latch hanger is connected with mould bases beam is hung, and the top of modular unit is connected to the bottom for hanging mould bases beam Portion, two keepers are connected to and hang mould bases beam bottom.

Preferably, the modular unit includes symmetrically arranged two steel plate, two planks, two fixtures and two pressure angles, steel plate Top be connected with mould bases beam bottom is hung, the two ends of fixture incline and be connecteds with steel plate, plank respectively, and pressure angle includes interconnection Wall pressure angle and ground pressure angle, wall pressure angle be connected with the bottom of plank.

Preferably, the distance between the wall pressure angle and post beam are 10-30cm;Angle between fixture and steel plate is 5- 15 °, the angle between fixture and plank is 5-15 °;The mould bases beam that hangs is for steel hangs mould bases beam.

Preferably, the passage of casting concrete is formed between two plank, the floor steel bar template is communicated in, is poured Concrete is from post beam steel template and the passage using free gravity downwardly into floor steel bar template, concrete drying Afterwards, the post beam of floor, metope and flooring are completed.

Preferably, in the step D, specially:The full mould of building is removed after the N-1 layers of concrete for repeating floor is dried With the N-1 layers of junction of repetition floor steel bar template, building is hung by full mould is built using tower crane, building then is repeated to N Layer is carried out building post beam steel template and floor steel bar template, and the post beam that full mould correspondence N repeats floor will be built using tower crane Steel bar template and floor steel bar model sheetinstallat are fixed, then casting concrete from top to bottom, treat that concrete is dried, and build up N weights Multiple floor, repeats plus builds, and finally builds to obtain building.

Preferably, in the step A, the tower crane is parallel tower crane, and parallel tower crane includes king-tower post, is movably connected on tower The arm at capital end, the heavy device for hoisting for being connected to the preceding lower end of arm, the balancing weight for being connected to arm posterior end are parallel with king-tower post Set and be connected to the secondary tower post of the preceding lower end of arm.

Preferably, the heavy device for hoisting includes weight loop wheel machine and symmetrically arranged steel lifting rope, the two ends of steel lifting rope respectively with again The full mould connection of loop wheel machine, building.

Preferably, in the step C, using build full mould add build floor built speed be one to three day/layer.

The beneficial effects of the present invention are:The present invention is to carry out building steel bar template on a foundation floor, using tower crane The full mould correspondence steel bar template will be built install and fix, then casting concrete from top to bottom, be removed after after concrete drying The junction of full mould and steel bar template is built, the full mould of building is hung into building using tower crane, build to obtain the first repetition floor, and first The roof for repeating floor does not bind.Then the post beam steel template and flooring of the second repetition floor are built on the first repetition floor Steel bar template, will build full mould correspondence post beam steel template and floor steel bar model sheetinstallat will be fixed using tower crane, then from upper past Lower casting concrete, full mould and the post beam steel template, the connection of floor steel bar template are built after being removed after concrete drying Place, building is hung using tower crane by full mould is built, and builds to obtain the second repetition floor, is laid equal stress on to be added with and is built N repetition floors.

The present invention is after at least first floor layer is built up, to be cast in the post beam for building floor, the full mould of assembling building, and will build Full mould is connected with building floor and install, and the wall for building floor is cast in by building full mould, and wall is cast in and builds building again after solidifying The roof of layer, can disposably build post beam, flooring and wall.Construction method of the invention can be substantially reduced by building full mould Consumed during the construction of building, improve construction efficiency, shorten the construction time, and avoid the multiple artificial peace of traditional construction template Dress and artificial unloading, reduce the loss and waste of manpower and materials, rational allocation resource, and after building that full mould is first and being completed Can repeatedly use, save resources are safe, it is ensured that the security and stability of work progress.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the full mould construction schematic diagram of tower crane of the invention;

Fig. 2 is the partial schematic diagram of the full mould construction of tower crane of the invention;

Fig. 3 is the full mode structure schematic diagram of building of the invention;

Fig. 4 is the partial structural diagram of the full mould of building of the invention;

Fig. 5 is the present invention using the floor level design sketch for building full mould construction.

Reference is:The full mould of 1-building, 11-latch hanger, 12-hang mould bases beam, 13-modular unit, 131-steel Plate, 132-plank, 133-fixture, 134-pressure angle, 1341-wall pressure angle, 1342-ground pressure angle, 14-keeper, 2-tower Hang, 21-king-tower post, 22-secondary tower post, 23-arm, 24-weight device for hoisting, 241-weight loop wheel machine, 242-steel lifting rope, 25-match somebody with somebody Pouring weight, 3-post beam, 4-flooring.

Specific embodiment

For the ease of the understanding of those skilled in the art, further is made to the present invention with reference to embodiment and accompanying drawing 1-4 Explanation, the content that implementation method is referred to not limitation of the invention.

As shown in accompanying drawing 1-2, a kind of full mould construction techniques of tower crane comprises the following steps:

A, the full mould 1 of assembling building:Each part that full mould 1 will be built is assembled into the full mould 1 of building according to design requirement, and will build complete Mould 1 is connected to the lower end of arm 23 of tower crane 2;

B, the first repetition floor is built using building full mould 1:Carry out building steel bar template on a foundation floor, will using tower crane 2 Build the correspondence steel bar template of full mould 1 and install and fix, then casting concrete from top to bottom, built after being removed after concrete drying The junction of full mould 1 and steel bar template is built, building is hung by full mould 1 is built using tower crane 2, build to obtain the first repetition floor, it is described The roof of the first repetition floor does not bind;

Floor is built in C, repetition:The steel bar template of post beam 3 and the reinforcing bar mould of flooring 4 of the second repetition floor are built on the first repetition floor Plate, will build the correspondence steel bar template of post beam 3 of full mould 1 and the steel bar template of flooring 4 will be installed and fixed using tower crane 2, then from upper Down casting concrete, after removing the full mould 1 of building and the steel bar template of post beam 3, the steel bar template of flooring 4 after concrete drying Junction, building is hung using tower crane 2 by full mould 1 is built, and builds to obtain the second repetition floor;

D, the like, carry out plus build N and repeat floor.

As shown in accompanying drawing 1-2, before building is built, ground and the ground of tower crane 2 first to building beat and built the present invention, Ensure stability, the security of building and ground, and ensure the construction safety in building building course, building is then assembled again complete Mould 1, then the full mould 1 of building after being completed is connected to the lower end of arm 23 of tower crane 2;After a foundation floor is built up, build In the steel bar template of the first repetition floor built, will build full mould 1 using tower crane 2 and be hung to the first repetition floor top, and will build Build full mould 1 and fixation is installed with corresponding steel bar template, then by building the casting concrete from top to bottom of full mould 1, build first The structure of floor is repeated, after the junction that the full mould 1 of building and steel bar template are removed after concrete drying, recycles tower crane 2 to build Build full mould 1 to sling upwards, hang building, then build to obtain the first repetition floor, and the roof of the first repetition floor for building up does not bind.

Several top cylinders are installed at the middle part of the first repetition floor for building up, and the top cylinder in the middle part of floor is repeated first Under support, the steel bar template of flooring 4 of the second repetition floor is built(The second flooring 4 for repeating floor is first and repeats building herein The roof of layer), and repeat to build the steel bar template of post beam 3 of the second repetition floor on floor first, will build complete using tower crane 2 Mould 1 is hung to the second repetition floor top, will build the steel bar template of post beam 3 and the steel of flooring 4 that full mould 1 repeats floor with corresponding second Muscle model sheetinstallat is fixed, and then by building the casting concrete from top to bottom of full mould 1, concrete is along the full mould 1 of building and post beam 3 Steel bar template is freely downwardly into the steel bar template of flooring 4 using Action of Gravity Field, builds the second flooring 4, and of post beam 3 for repeating floor Metope, after the full mould 1 of building and the steel bar template of post beam 3, the junction of the steel bar template of flooring 4 is removed after concrete drying, using tower Hang 2 and sling full mould 1 is built upwards, hang building, then build to obtain the second repetition floor, and second for building up repeats the roof of floor Do not bind equally.

As shown in Figure 2, in the present invention, the top cylinder installed before the building template of flooring 4 is built, can be to the building template of flooring 4 Build and follow-up pouring for concrete plays a supportive role, and can build 1 support of the full mould of building that floor uses and make to standby With having ensured the stability of building and the security of work progress;And top cylinder be disassembled from built floor for In floor is built, the recycling rate of waterused of material is improved, save resources reach resource allocation and use rationalization.

As shown in accompanying drawing 1-2, construction process of the invention repeats to build the flooring that N repeats floor using full mould 1 is built 4th, post beam 3 and wall, remove the full mould 1 of building and are building the connection of floor steel bar template after the concrete for building floor building is dried Place, continues on for next building for repeating floor, reduces the operation of the repetition installation and removal of construction formwork, greatly reduces Consumed during the construction of building, improve construction efficiency, shorten the construction time, it is to avoid construction formwork is led because of multiple installation and removal The damage and waste of material are caused, and then reduces the loss and waste of manpower and materials, at the beginning of rational allocation resource, and the full mould 1 of building It is secondary be completed after can repeatedly be used in the construction of each floor, save resources are safe, it is ensured that the peace of work progress Total stability, realizes and accelerates the economic benefits and social benefits of construction efficiency and resource rational utilization really.

In the present embodiment, when the foundation floor includes metope and roof, the specific method of the step B is:In a base Carry out building the steel bar template of post beam 3 on plinth floor, will build the correspondence steel bar template of post beam 3 of full mould 1 using tower crane 2 installs solid It is fixed, then casting concrete from top to bottom, after the company that the full mould 1 of building and the steel bar template of post beam 3 are removed after concrete drying Place is met, building is hung by full mould 1 is built using tower crane 2, build to obtain the first repetition floor, the roof of the first repetition floor is not sealed Top;

In the present embodiment, when the foundation floor includes metope, the specific method of the step B is:It is enterprising in a foundation floor Row builds the steel bar template of post beam 3 and the steel bar template of flooring 4, and the correspondence steel bar template of post beam 3 of full mould 1 will be built using tower crane 2 And the steel bar template of flooring 4 is installed and fixed, then casting concrete from top to bottom, after removed after concrete drying the full mould 1 of building with The steel bar template of post beam 3, the junction of the steel bar template of flooring 4, building is hung using tower crane 2 by full mould 1 is built, build first Floor is repeated, the roof of the first repetition floor does not bind.

As shown in accompanying drawing 1-2, the full mould 1 of building of the invention can be applied to two kinds of building schemes, when built basic building When layer includes metope and roof(Then built foundation floor has bound, and the roof of foundation floor repeats building equivalent to first The flooring 4 of layer), the steel bar template of post beam 3 in the first repetition floor built is built on foundation floor, will using tower crane 2 Build full mould 1 and be hung to the first repetition floor top, and the reinforcing bar mould of post beam 3 that full mould 1 repeats floor with corresponding first will be built Plate is installed and fixed, and then by building full mould 1 and the steel bar template of post beam 3 casting concrete from top to bottom, is built first and is repeated building The post beam 3 and metope of layer, after the junction that the full mould 1 of building and steel bar template are removed after concrete drying, recycle tower crane 2 to build Build full mould 1 to sling upwards, hang building, then build to obtain the first repetition floor, and the roof of the first repetition floor for building up does not bind.

Another scheme is then when the foundation floor includes metope(Then built foundation floor does not bind), in base The steel bar template of post beam 3 and the steel bar template of flooring 4 in the first repetition floor built are built on plinth floor, will using tower crane 2 Build full mould 1 and be hung to the first repetition floor top, and the reinforcing bar mould of post beam 3 that full mould 1 repeats floor with corresponding first will be built Plate and the steel bar template of flooring 4 are installed and fixed, then by building full mould 1 and the steel bar template of post beam 3 casting concrete from top to bottom, Concrete is freely downwardly into the steel bar template of flooring 4 using Action of Gravity Field along the full mould 1 of building and the steel bar template of post beam 3, builds First flooring 4, post beam 3 and the metope for repeating floor, full mould 1 and the steel bar template of post beam 3, building are built after being removed after concrete drying The junction of the steel bar template of face 4, recycles tower crane 2 to be sling full mould 1 is built upwards, and hangs building, then build to obtain the first repetition building Layer, and the roof of the first repetition floor for building up does not bind.

The present invention is first built building the steel bar template of post beam 3 of building and the steel bar template of flooring 4 using conventional construction method, then Using full mould 1 is built and the steel bar template of post beam 3 is built in flooring 4, post beam 3 and the metope of building jointly, building base is can guarantee that The stability and security of beam, and make the steel bar template of post beam 3, the steel bar template of flooring 4 be easy to be connected with the full installation of mould 1 of building, and Played a supporting role to building full mould 1, improve the safety and stability of architectural process, improve the construction efficiency of construction of building, Shorten the construction time.

As shown in Figure 3, in the present embodiment, in the step A, building full mould 1 includes latch hanger 11, hangs mould bases beam 12nd, several modular units 13 and symmetrically arranged two keeper 14, one end of latch hanger 11 are connected with mould bases beam 12 is hung, mould The top of Slab element 13 is connected to the bottom for hanging mould bases beam 12, and two keepers 14 are connected to and hang the bottom of mould bases beam 12.

The full mould 1 of building of the invention can be connected by latch hanger 11 with steel lifting rope;Hanging mould bases beam 12 can realize keeper 14 and several modular units 13 integral elevating, realize keeper 14, modular unit 13 with while floor is built install With dismounting simultaneously, construction efficiency is improve;Each modular unit 13 is exactly the interval metope in floor, therefore builds full mould It is that determination is set according to the layout in floor, several modular units 13 can realize the multiple metope structures inside floor Pour simultaneously, and save whole model sheetinstallats of each floor and remove operation, improve construction efficiency, shorten construction Phase, reduce the loss and waste of resource, reduces cost;Build full mould 1 by the keeper 14 at two ends can make the full mould 1 of building with Build the accurate connection of the steel bar template of story post beam 3, improve the full mould 1 of building with building the accurate connection of floor, and then improve and build The accuracy of construction is built, the stability and security of building is improved.

As shown in Figure 4, in the present embodiment, the modular unit 13 includes symmetrically arranged two steel plate 131, two planks 132nd, two fixtures 133 and two pressure angles 134, the top of steel plate 131 are connected with the bottom of mould bases beam 12 is hung, the two ends of fixture 133 Incline and be connected with steel plate 131, plank 132 respectively, pressure angle 134 includes the wall pressure angle 1341 being connected with each other and ground pressure angle 1342, wall Pressure angle 1341 is connected with the bottom of plank 132.

Modular unit of the invention 13 realizes whole modular unit 13 and hangs mould bases beam by symmetrically arranged two steel plate 131 12 connection, and improve modular unit 13 and realized by fixture 133 with the connective stability of mould bases beam 12, steel plate 131 is hung Steel plate 131 is fixedly connected with plank 132, it is to avoid closing occur in full mould 1 process of rising or falling is built in two planks 132 Situations such as holding together, rock, improves the safety in utilization for building full mould 1, and improves the stable distance between plank 132, and then The accuracy of construction is improve, the appearance of error is reduced, the stability of floor is improved;Pressure angle 134 can prevent casting process The distance between middle concrete spills from the bottom of plank 132, influence construction effect, and energy control column beam 3 and plank 132, The accuracy of construction is improve, the stability of floor is improved.

In the present embodiment, the distance between the wall pressure angle 1341 and post beam 3 are 10-30cm;Fixture 133 and steel plate Angle between 131 is 5-15 °, and the angle between fixture 133 and plank 132 is 5-15 °;The mould bases beam 12 that hangs is for steel hangs Mould bases beam 12.

As shown in Figure 2-4, of the invention is 10-30cm by the distance between strict control wall pressure angle 1341 and post beam 3, The accuracy of building construction process can be improved, the stability of floor is improved;And by strict control fixture 133 and steel plate 131, Angle between plank 132, can improve the stability and accuracy of whole modular unit 13, and then improve the standard of pouring construction True property, improves the stability and security of building.

In the present embodiment, the passage of casting concrete is formed between two plank 132, be communicated in the reinforcing bar mould of the flooring 4 Plate, the concrete for pouring utilizes free gravity downwardly into the steel bar template of flooring 4 from the steel bar template of post beam 3 and the passage, After concrete is dried, the post beam 3 and flooring 4 of floor are completed.

As shown in accompanying drawing 2,4, the modular unit 13 in the full mould 1 of present invention building, by two planks 132 of modular unit 13 Form the passage of casting concrete, build full mould 1 and the template of post beam 3, the steel bar template of flooring 4 install it is fixed after, it is described pour it is mixed The passage for coagulating soil is connected with the steel bar template of flooring 4, and during casting concrete, concrete is sharp from the steel bar template of post beam 3 and the passage With Action of Gravity Field freely downwardly into the steel bar template of flooring 4, realize while pouring post beam 3 and metope also to the building of floor Face 4 is poured, and the post beam 3, wall and flooring 4 of floor are being built after then being built up after concrete drying(Building is being built while entering Row post beam 3, metope and roof are poured, and traditional construction method be to build building bind construction, build standby building again Floor).

In the present embodiment, in the step D, specially:Building is removed after the N-1 layers of concrete for repeating floor is dried Full mould 1 and the N-1 layers of junction of repetition floor steel bar template, hang building, then to N using tower crane 2 by full mould 1 is built Repeating floor carries out building the steel bar template of post beam 3 and the steel bar template of flooring 4, and will build the correspondence of full mould 1 N using tower crane 2 repeats The steel bar template of post beam 3 and the steel bar template of flooring 4 of floor are installed and fixed, then casting concrete from top to bottom, treat concrete dry It is dry, build up N and repeat floor, repeat plus build, finally build to obtain building.

As shown in accompanying drawing 1-2, the present invention is existed using the construction method for building full mould 1 with traditional construction process difference In:Traditional construction process is when being built in floor, to build the steel bar template of post beam 3 and roof steel bar template, Shi Duijian buildings What layer was bound;And the present invention is built in floor and first builds the steel bar template of post beam 3 and building to not binding building floor The steel bar template of face 4, recycles tower crane 2 to build the full correspondence of mould 1 and is building the steel bar template of post beam 3 of floor and the steel bar template of flooring 4 Install and fix, then by building the casting concrete from top to bottom of full mould 1, concrete is along the full mould 1 of building and the reinforcing bar mould of post beam 3 Plate is freely downwardly into the steel bar template of flooring 4 using Action of Gravity Field, while building the second flooring 4, post beam 3 and wall for repeating floor Face, after the full mould 1 of building and the steel bar template of post beam 3, the junction of the steel bar template of flooring 4 is removed after concrete drying, using tower crane 2 Full mould 1 will be built to sling upwards, building is hung, then built up building floor, and the floor roof for building up does not bind equally.The present invention Built by using building while full mould 1 carries out story post beam 3, metope and flooring 4, the template that can save every floor layer is artificial The operation with manual demolition is built, is used manpower and material resources sparingly, improve construction efficiency, substantially reduce the construction time.

In the present embodiment, in the step A, the tower crane 2 is parallel tower crane 2, and parallel tower crane 2 includes king-tower post 21, lives Move and be connected to the arm 23 on king-post top, be connected to the weight device for hoisting 24 of the preceding lower end of arm 23, be connected to the posterior end of arm 23 Balancing weight 25 and king-tower post 21 be arranged in parallel and are connected to the secondary tower post 22 of the preceding lower end of arm 23.

As shown in Figure 1, the present invention using the combination of major-minor double tower parallel tower crane 2, can to build full mould 1 play balance, The effect of support, improves the safety in utilization for building full mould 1, and then improves the security of building construction process, and passes through Control king-tower post 21 and secondary tower post 22 are lifted simultaneously, can realize the stabilization lifting of the full mould 1 of building, are easy to build full mould 1 and building The installation and removal of floor, improve the construction efficiency of floor, shorten the construction time.

In the present embodiment, the heavy device for hoisting 24 includes weight loop wheel machine 241 and symmetrically arranged steel lifting rope 242, steel lifting rope 242 Two ends respectively with weight loop wheel machine 241, build full mould 1 and be connected.

As shown in Figure 1, the present invention is by using weight loop wheel machine 241 and steel lifting rope 242, can safely realize building full mould 1 Lifting use, improve the security of building construction process, improve the construction efficiency of floor, shorten the construction time.

It it is one to three day/layer using the built speed built full mould 1 plus build floor in the step C in the present embodiment. The present invention uses the full construction method of mould 1 of building, by building 1 pair of each internal structure of repetition floor of full mould while pouring, Construction efficiency is substantially increased under the basis for ensureing building quality, the construction time is shortened, the money such as manpower and materials has been reached The allotment in source rationalizes.

Above-described embodiment is the present invention preferably implementation, and in addition, the present invention can be realized with other manner, Any obvious replacement is within protection scope of the present invention on the premise of not departing from present inventive concept.

Claims (10)

1. the full mould construction techniques of a kind of tower crane, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
A, the full mould of assembling building:Each part that full mould will be built is assembled into the full mould of building according to design requirement, and will build full mould It is connected to the arm lower end of tower crane;
B, the first repetition floor is built using building full mould:Carry out building steel bar template on a foundation floor, will be built using tower crane Build the full mould correspondence steel bar template and install and fix, then casting concrete from top to bottom, after removing building after concrete drying Full mould and the junction of steel bar template, building is hung using tower crane by full mould is built, and builds to obtain the first repetition floor, first weight The roof of multiple floor does not bind;
Floor is built in C, repetition:The post beam steel template and floor steel bar mould of the second repetition floor are built on the first repetition floor Plate, will build the full mould correspondence post beam steel template and floor steel bar model sheetinstallat is fixed, then from top to bottom using tower crane Casting concrete, full mould and the post beam steel template, the junction of floor steel bar template are built after being removed after concrete drying, Building is hung by full mould is built using tower crane, the second repetition floor is built to obtain;
D, the like, carry out plus build N and repeat floor.
2. the full mould construction techniques of a kind of tower crane according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
When the foundation floor includes metope and roof, the specific method of the step B is:Built on a foundation floor Post beam steel template, will build the full mould correspondence post beam steel model sheetinstallat and fixes using tower crane, then pour from top to bottom Concrete, after the junction that the full mould of building and the post beam steel template are removed after concrete drying, will build complete using tower crane Mould hangs building, builds to obtain the first repetition floor, and the roof of the first repetition floor does not bind;
When the foundation floor includes metope, the specific method of the step B is:Carry out building post joist steel on a foundation floor Muscle template and floor steel bar template, the full mould correspondence post beam steel template and floor steel bar model sheetinstallat will be built using tower crane It is fixed, then casting concrete from top to bottom, after removing the full mould of building and the post beam steel template, flooring after concrete drying The junction of steel bar template, building is hung using tower crane by full mould is built, and builds to obtain the first repetition floor, and described first repeats floor Roof do not bind.
3. the full mould construction techniques of a kind of tower crane according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step A, building Full mould includes latch hanger, hangs mould bases beam, several modular units and symmetrically arranged two keeper, one end of latch hanger with The connection of mould bases beam is hung, the top of modular unit is connected to the bottom for hanging mould bases beam, and two keepers are connected to and hang mould bases beam bottom Portion.
4. the full mould construction techniques of a kind of tower crane according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The modular unit includes Symmetrically arranged two steel plate, two planks, two fixtures and two pressure angles, the top of steel plate are connected with mould bases beam bottom is hung, fixture Two ends incline and be connected with steel plate, plank respectively, pressure angle includes the wall pressure angle being connected with each other and ground pressure angle, wall pressure angle and plank Bottom connects.
5. the full mould construction techniques of a kind of tower crane according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The wall pressure angle and post beam The distance between be 10-30cm;Angle between fixture and steel plate is 5-15 °, and the angle between fixture and plank is 5- 15°;The mould bases beam that hangs is for steel hangs mould bases beam.
6. the full mould construction techniques of a kind of tower crane according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Formed between two plank The passage of casting concrete, is communicated in the floor steel bar template, and the concrete for pouring is from post beam steel template and the passage Using free gravity downwardly into floor steel bar template, after concrete is dried, the post beam of floor, metope and flooring are built Into.
7. the full mould construction techniques of a kind of tower crane according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step D, specifically For:The connection of the full mould of building and N-1 layers of repetition floor steel bar template is removed after the N-1 layers of concrete for repeating floor is dried Place, building is hung using tower crane by full mould is built, and then repeating floor to N carries out building post beam steel template and floor steel bar Template, the post beam steel template and floor steel bar model sheetinstallat that will build full mould correspondence N repetition floors using tower crane is fixed, so Casting concrete from top to bottom, treats that concrete is dried afterwards, builds up N and repeats floor, repeats plus builds, and finally builds to obtain building.
8. the full mould construction techniques of a kind of tower crane according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described in the step A Tower crane is parallel tower crane, and parallel tower crane includes, is movably connected on the arm on king-post top, is connected to the lifting again of the preceding lower end of arm The balancing weight and king-tower post for putting, being connected to arm posterior end be arranged in parallel and are connected to the secondary tower post of the preceding lower end of arm.
9. the full mould construction techniques of a kind of tower crane according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The heavy device for hoisting includes Weight loop wheel machine and symmetrically arranged steel lifting rope, the two ends of steel lifting rope are connected with weight loop wheel machine, the full mould of building respectively.
10. the full mould construction techniques of a kind of tower crane according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step C, profit With building full mould and adding, to build the built speed of floor be one to three day/layer.
CN201710156683.3A 2017-03-16 2017-03-16 Method for tower crane full model construction CN106677523A (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2079205U (en) * 1989-10-10 1991-06-19 应惠清 Formwork lifting frame
WO1998013565A1 (en) * 1996-09-23 1998-04-02 Doka Industrie Gmbh Climbing shuttering system and method for successive concreting high vertical walls
CN1354313A (en) * 2000-11-20 2002-06-19 梁国基 Climbing form for quickly building construction and its correspondent method
CN200955259Y (en) * 2006-09-21 2007-10-03 罗祥彬 Funnel-derrick moving type construction apparatus
US20140175259A1 (en) * 2012-10-12 2014-06-26 Norton Baum Modular Panel Concrete Form For Self-Lifting Concrete Form System
CN104563503A (en) * 2013-10-11 2015-04-29 卓越置业集团有限公司 Cast-in-place reinforced concrete high-altitude automatic building method of high-rise and ultra high-rise residential buildings
CN106150079A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-11-23 深圳市卓越工业化智能建造开发有限公司 Make building machine in the air

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2079205U (en) * 1989-10-10 1991-06-19 应惠清 Formwork lifting frame
WO1998013565A1 (en) * 1996-09-23 1998-04-02 Doka Industrie Gmbh Climbing shuttering system and method for successive concreting high vertical walls
CN1354313A (en) * 2000-11-20 2002-06-19 梁国基 Climbing form for quickly building construction and its correspondent method
CN200955259Y (en) * 2006-09-21 2007-10-03 罗祥彬 Funnel-derrick moving type construction apparatus
US20140175259A1 (en) * 2012-10-12 2014-06-26 Norton Baum Modular Panel Concrete Form For Self-Lifting Concrete Form System
CN104563503A (en) * 2013-10-11 2015-04-29 卓越置业集团有限公司 Cast-in-place reinforced concrete high-altitude automatic building method of high-rise and ultra high-rise residential buildings
CN106150079A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-11-23 深圳市卓越工业化智能建造开发有限公司 Make building machine in the air

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