CN106670595A - Five-axis NC machine tool machining device for machining tap threads and use method of five-axis NC machine tool machining device - Google Patents

Five-axis NC machine tool machining device for machining tap threads and use method of five-axis NC machine tool machining device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106670595A
CN106670595A CN201710029882.8A CN201710029882A CN106670595A CN 106670595 A CN106670595 A CN 106670595A CN 201710029882 A CN201710029882 A CN 201710029882A CN 106670595 A CN106670595 A CN 106670595A
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China
Prior art keywords
axis
main shaft
axle
machine tool
screw
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Granted
Application number
CN201710029882.8A
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CN106670595B (en
Inventor
黄涛
陈文峰
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Guizhou Taihe Superhard Tool Ltd By Share Ltd
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Guizhou Taihe Superhard Tool Ltd By Share Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23GTHREAD CUTTING; WORKING OF SCREWS, BOLT HEADS, OR NUTS, IN CONJUNCTION THEREWITH
    • B23G1/00Thread cutting; Automatic machines specially designed therefor
    • B23G1/44Equipment or accessories specially designed for machines or devices for thread cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23GTHREAD CUTTING; WORKING OF SCREWS, BOLT HEADS, OR NUTS, IN CONJUNCTION THEREWITH
    • B23G2210/00Details of threads produced
    • B23G2210/08External threads

Abstract

The invention discloses a five-axis NC machine tool machining device for machining tap threads and a use method of the five-axis NC machine tool machining device. The five-axis NC machine tool machining device comprises a machine table, a first power mechanism and a second power mechanism, wherein cooling holes are formed in the side surface of the machine table; an X-axis mechanism is arranged on the table board of the machine table; a bulge platform is arranged on the side surface of the X-axis mechanism; an A-axis mechanism, the first power mechanism and the second power mechanism are arranged obliquely above the X-axis mechanism; a cutter is arranged below the first power mechanism, a fixed block is arranged on the side surface of the first power mechanism, and a connecting spring is arranged below the fixed block; and a linkage device is arranged on the left side surface of the second power mechanism, a resin grinding wheel spindle and a diamond roller spindle are arranged on the side surface of the other end of the second power mechanism, and a baffle is arranged on the side surface of the resin grinding wheel spindle. The five-axis NC machine tool machining device has the characteristics that the production is stable and reliable, the machining efficiency is high, the product quality can meet the design requirements, the cost is low, and the like.

Description

For the five-axle number control machine tool processing unit (plant) and using method of screw-tap threaded processing
Technical field
The present invention relates to the production of screw-tap threaded processing and reconditioning technical field, particularly for the five of screw-tap threaded processing Shaft and NC Machining Test machining apparatus and using method.
Background technology
Numerical control device is that lathe is controlled, and completes the dedicated computer that part is processed automatically.It receives number The information such as the part pattern and technological requirement of word, according to certain mathematical model interpolation operation is carried out, and uses operation result reality When ground speed and position control are carried out to each coordinates of motion of lathe, complete the processing of part.
Numerical control device is the maincenter of Digit Control Machine Tool, general by input equipment, memorizer, control in general NC lathe Device, arithmetical unit and output device composition, the information of numerical control device receives input medium, and its code is recognized, stored, transported Calculate, export corresponding command pulse to drive servosystem, and then control machine tool action, in cnc machine tool, due to Computer itself has been come containing the said units such as arithmetical unit, controller, therefore the effect of its numerical control device by a computer Into.
At present in terms of processing screw-tap threaded, the lathe of some manufacturers also in low side level, typically all manually Lathe or semi-automatic controlling machine, and it is general using diamond pen finishing in crushing mode, and diamond pen is easy to fall off and is lost, and causes Make easily occur the situation that size is unstable and thread form is variable in the processing of screw-tap threaded;In the processing technique of screw-tap threaded, Thread grinding and the cylindrical two procedures of shovel are all performed separately, in production link, working (machining) efficiency, product quality, design standard, system Cause the aspect such as this to there is larger defect, need to carry out certain improvement for machine tool structure.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this reality invention is to provide a kind of five-axle number control machine tool processing unit (plant) for screw-tap threaded processing and make With method, to solve the problems, such as above-mentioned background technology in propose.
For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of five-shaft numerical control for screw-tap threaded processing Machine tool mechanical processing unit (plant), including board, the first actuating unit, the second actuating unit, the left lateral sides of the board are provided with scattered Hot hole, louvre is arranged on the lower middle below board, and the another side of the board is provided with protrusion platform, and protrusion platform is consolidated The side of board is scheduled on, upper surface of the platform less than board is protruded, Y-axis mechanism, the Y-axis are provided with above the protrusion platform The side of mechanism is provided with A axis mechanisms, and the left surface of the processing unit (plant) is provided with baffle plate, and baffle plate is directly anchored to board by welding Upper surface, the inside of the baffle plate is provided with resin wheel main shaft, above the resin wheel main shaft diamond roller is provided with Main shaft, resin wheel main shaft, diamond roller main shaft are fixed by the screw of axle center surrounding.
Preferably, the resin wheel main shaft, the side of diamond roller main shaft are provided with the second actuating unit, actuating unit On bearing be connected with resin wheel main shaft, skive main shaft.
Preferably, the second actuating unit left lateral sides are provided with the first actuating unit, under first actuating unit Side is provided with cutting knife, and cutting knife is structure as a whole with the first actuating unit, side and second actuating unit of first actuating unit Contact with each other.
Preferably, B axle mechanism is provided with above second actuating unit, above the B axle mechanism Z axis machine is provided with Structure, the B axle mechanism, Z-axis mechanism superposition one cross slid platform of composition, the B axle mechanism, Z-axis mechanism superposition composition one ten Word slide unit is placed in the top of resin wheel main shaft.
Preferably, the resin wheel main shaft, diamond roller main shaft be round shape, resin wheel main shaft, diamond roller Main shaft near middle is formed around fixed screw holes.
Preferably, the protrusion platform is less than board upper surface 20mm-22mm.
For the using method of the five-axle number control machine tool processing unit (plant) of screw-tap threaded processing, comprise the following steps:
A, X-axis mechanism, Y-axis mechanism right angle setting in same level, A axis mechanisms are indexing rotary shaft, installed in X-axis mechanism On;
B, resin wheel main shaft are arranged in Y-axis mechanism and swing the lead angle of certain angle, X-axis mechanism, Y-axis mechanism, A Axis mechanism, three axles operate and give screw-tap threaded grinding simultaneously;
C, B axle mechanism, Z-axis mechanism superposition one cross slid platform of composition, are placed in the top of grinding wheel spindle, and by fixture the is fixed on The top of two actuating units;
Resin wheel main shaft, the diamond roller main shaft offer power of D, the second actuating unit to opposite, resin wheel main shaft, gold Hard rock roller main shaft drives emery wheel above to rotate;
E, baffle plate is provided with the outside of emery wheel, baffle plate is directly welded at the upper surface of board.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Screw-tap threaded is completed by A axis mechanisms, X-axis mechanism, Y-axis mechanism and corresponding auxiliary device by machining unit The burring machine of processing, B axle mechanism and Z-axis mechanism composition can be accomplished on emery wheel in the way of interpolation with diamond roller to be needed The shape wanted, and can be with restoring on line, synchronous shovel is cylindrical, and a step operation is saved in the processing technique of screw-tap threaded, has Reliable and stable, high in machining efficiency, product quality is produced up to design requirement, lower-price characteristic.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the processing unit (plant) schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the processing unit (plant) left view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the processing unit (plant) rearview of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the grinding wheel section shape figure after present invention finishing.
In figure:1st, X-axis mechanism;2nd, Y-axis mechanism;3rd, A axis mechanisms;4th, B axle mechanism;5th, Z-axis mechanism;6th, resin wheel master Axle;7th, diamond roller main shaft;8th, louvre;9th, board;10th, fixed block;11st, cutting knife;12nd, linkage device;13rd, baffle plate;14、 First actuating unit;15th, the second actuating unit;16th, spring is connected;17th, platform is protruded.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the present invention is applied the technical scheme in example carry out it is clear, complete Ground description, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than the embodiment of whole.Based on this Embodiment in invention, the every other reality that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Example is applied, the scope of protection of the invention is belonged to.
Fig. 1 ~ 4 are referred to, the present invention provides a kind of technical scheme:A kind of five-axle number control machine tool for screw-tap threaded processing Machinery processing apparatus, including board 9, the first actuating unit 14, the second actuating unit 15, the left lateral sides of board 9 are provided with radiating Hole 8, louvre 8 is arranged on the lower middle of the lower section of board 9, and the another side of board 9 is provided with protrusion platform 17, protrudes platform 17 The side of board 9 is fixed on, upper surface of the platform 17 less than board 9 is protruded, the top for protruding platform 17 is provided with Y-axis mechanism 2, Y The side of axis mechanism 2 is provided with A axis mechanisms 3, and the left surface of processing unit (plant) is provided with baffle plate 13, and baffle plate 13 is directly anchored to by welding The upper surface of board 9, the inside of the baffle plate 13 is provided with resin wheel main shaft 6, and the top of resin wheel main shaft 16 is provided with Buddha's warrior attendant Stone roller main shaft 7, resin wheel main shaft 16, diamond roller main shaft 7 are fixed by the screw of axle center surrounding.
Resin wheel main shaft 16, the side of diamond roller main shaft 7 are provided with the second actuating unit 15, the axle on actuating unit Hold and be connected with resin wheel main shaft 6, skive main shaft 7.
The left lateral sides of second actuating unit 15 are provided with the first actuating unit 14, and the lower section of the first actuating unit 14 is provided with cutting knife 11, cutting knife 11 is structure as a whole with the first actuating unit 14, and the side of the first actuating unit 14 is mutual with the second actuating unit 15 Contact.
The top of the second actuating unit 15 is provided with B axle mechanism 4, and the top of B axle mechanism 4 is provided with Z-axis mechanism 5, the B axle machine Structure 4, superposition one cross slid platform of composition of Z-axis mechanism 5, B axle mechanism 4, superposition one cross slid platform of composition of Z-axis mechanism 5 are placed in tree The top of fat grinding wheel spindle 6.
Resin wheel main shaft 6, diamond roller main shaft 7 are round shape, and resin wheel main shaft 6, diamond roller main shaft 7 are leaned on Fixed screw holes are formed around in the middle of near, protrusion platform 17 is less than upper surface 20mm-22mm of board 9.
X-axis mechanism 1, the right angle setting in same level of Y-axis mechanism 2, A axis mechanisms 3 are indexing rotary shaft, installed in X On axis mechanism 1, resin wheel main shaft 6 is arranged in Y-axis mechanism 2 and can swing the lead angle of certain angle, X-axis mechanism 1, Y-axis mechanism 2, A axis mechanisms 3, three axles are used for completing the grinding of screw-tap threaded;B axle mechanism 4, the superposition of Z-axis mechanism 5 composition one ten Word slide unit, the mechanism as finishing emery wheel, is placed in the top of grinding wheel spindle, and diamond roller main shaft 7 is with B axle mechanism 4 and Z-axis mechanism 5 linkage, walks out corresponding interpolation action above emery wheel.
A kind of using method of the five-axle number control machine tool machinery processing apparatus for screw-tap threaded processing, it is characterised in that: Comprise the following steps:
A, X-axis mechanism 1, the right angle setting in same level of Y-axis mechanism 2, A axis mechanisms 3 are indexing rotary shaft, installed in X-axis In mechanism 1;
B, resin wheel main shaft 6 are arranged in Y-axis mechanism 2 and swing the lead angle of certain angle, X-axis mechanism 1, Y-axis machine Structure 2, A axis mechanisms 3, three axles operate and give screw-tap threaded grinding simultaneously;
C, B axle mechanism 4, superposition one cross slid platform of composition of Z-axis mechanism 5, are placed in the top of grinding wheel spindle, are fixed on by fixture The top of the second actuating unit 15;
Resin wheel main shaft 6, the offer power of diamond roller main shaft 7 of D, the second actuating unit 15 to opposite, resin wheel master Axle 6, diamond roller main shaft 7 drive emery wheel above to rotate;
E, baffle plate 13 is provided with the outside of emery wheel, baffle plate 13 is directly welded at the upper surface of board 9.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Screw tap spiral shell is completed by A axis mechanisms 3, X-axis mechanism 1, Y-axis mechanism 2 and corresponding auxiliary device by machining unit The processing of stricture of vagina, B axle mechanism 4 and Z-axis mechanism 5 composition burring machine can with diamond roller in the way of interpolation by emery wheel Accomplish the shape of needs, and can be with restoring on line, synchronous shovel is cylindrical, and a step work is saved in the processing technique of screw-tap threaded Sequence, with reliable and stable, the high in machining efficiency, product quality of production up to design requirement, lower-price characteristic.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with Understanding can carry out various changes, modification, replacement to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention And modification, the scope of the present invention be defined by the appended.

Claims (7)

1. the five-axle number control machine tool processing unit (plant) of screw-tap threaded processing, including board are used for(9), the first actuating unit(14), Two actuating units(15), it is characterised in that:The board(9)Left lateral sides be provided with louvre(8), louvre(8)It is arranged on Board(9)The lower middle of lower section, the board(9)Another side be provided with protrusion platform(17), protrude platform(17)It is fixed In board(9)Side, protrude platform(17)Less than board(9)Upper surface, the protrusion platform(17)Top be provided with Y-axis Mechanism(2), the Y-axis mechanism(2)Side be provided with A axis mechanisms(3), the left surface of the processing unit (plant) is provided with baffle plate(13), Baffle plate(13)Board is directly anchored to by welding(9)Upper surface, the baffle plate(13)Inside be provided with resin wheel main shaft (6), the resin wheel main shaft(16)Top be provided with diamond roller main shaft(7), resin wheel main shaft(16), diamond rolling Wheel main shaft(7)Fixed by the screw of axle center surrounding.
2. it is according to claim 1 for screw-tap threaded processing five-axle number control machine tool processing unit (plant), it is characterised in that:Institute State resin wheel main shaft(16), diamond roller main shaft(7)Side be provided with the second actuating unit(15), the axle on actuating unit Hold and resin wheel main shaft(6), skive main shaft(7)Connection.
3. it is according to claim 1 for screw-tap threaded processing five-axle number control machine tool processing unit (plant), it is characterised in that:Institute State the second actuating unit(15)Left lateral sides are provided with the first actuating unit(14), first actuating unit(14)Lower section be provided with Cutting knife(11), cutting knife(11)With the first actuating unit(14)It is structure as a whole, first actuating unit(14)Side and the Two actuating units(15)Contact with each other.
4. it is according to claim 1 for screw-tap threaded processing five-axle number control machine tool processing unit (plant), it is characterised in that:Institute State the second actuating unit(15)Top be provided with B axle mechanism(4), the B axle mechanism(4)Top be provided with Z-axis mechanism(5), institute ShuBZhou mechanisms(4), Z-axis mechanism(5)Superposition one cross slid platform of composition, the B axle mechanism(4), Z-axis mechanism(5)Superposition composition One cross slid platform is placed in resin wheel main shaft(6)Top.
5. it is according to claim 1 for screw-tap threaded processing five-axle number control machine tool processing unit (plant), it is characterised in that:Institute State resin wheel main shaft(6), diamond roller main shaft(7)For round shape, resin wheel main shaft(6), diamond roller main shaft(7)'s Fixed screw holes are formed around near middle.
6. a kind of five-axle number control machine tool machinery processing apparatus for screw-tap threaded processing according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be:The protrusion platform(17)Less than board(9)Upper surface 20mm-22mm.
7. the using method of the five-axle number control machine tool processing unit (plant) for screw-tap threaded processing described in claim 1 is realized, its It is characterised by:Comprise the following steps:
A, X-axis mechanism(1), Y-axis mechanism(2)The right angle setting in same level, A axis mechanisms(3)To index rotary shaft, install In X-axis mechanism(1)On;
B, resin wheel main shaft(6)Installed in Y-axis mechanism(2)Lead angle that is upper and swinging certain angle, X-axis mechanism(1)、 Y-axis mechanism(2), A axis mechanisms(3), three axles operate simultaneously to screw-tap threaded grinding;
C, B axle mechanism(4), Z-axis mechanism(5)Superposition one cross slid platform of composition, is placed in the top of grinding wheel spindle, solid by fixture It is scheduled on the second actuating unit(15)Top;
D, the second actuating unit(15)To the resin wheel main shaft on opposite(6), diamond roller main shaft(7)Power, resin are provided Grinding wheel spindle(6), diamond roller main shaft(7)Emery wheel above is driven to rotate;
E, it is provided with the outside of emery wheel baffle plate(13), baffle plate(13)It is directly welded at board(9)Upper surface.
CN201710029882.8A 2017-01-12 2017-01-12 Five-axis numerical control machine tool machining device for machining screw tap threads and using method Active CN106670595B (en)

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CN201710029882.8A CN106670595B (en) 2017-01-12 2017-01-12 Five-axis numerical control machine tool machining device for machining screw tap threads and using method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106670595B CN106670595B (en) 2020-07-03

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2721295Y (en) * 2004-07-09 2005-08-31 王隆太 Digital controlled screw grinding machine
CN201685166U (en) * 2010-03-19 2010-12-29 广州市敏嘉制造技术有限公司 Numerically-controlled composite grinding center
KR20110123049A (en) * 2010-05-06 2011-11-14 주식회사 서울금속 Grinding machine for external screw and method for manufacturing external screw
CN203526726U (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-04-09 上海拓璞数控科技有限公司 Numerical-control grinding machine with plan-envelope annulus worm and five-shaft linkage
CN204183410U (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-03-04 天津市汉创科技有限公司 Novel 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe
CN104625893A (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-05-20 拉威尔(北京)科技有限公司 Five-axis linked grinding machine for machining of numerically-controlled tools
CN104923868A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-23 林建国 Thread grinding mechanism
CN105798710A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-27 广东特普丝精密工具有限公司 Numerical control extrusion screw tapping thread grinding machine
CN206578388U (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-10-24 贵州泰和超硬工具股份有限公司 The five-axle number control machine tool processing unit (plant) processed for screw-tap threaded

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2721295Y (en) * 2004-07-09 2005-08-31 王隆太 Digital controlled screw grinding machine
CN201685166U (en) * 2010-03-19 2010-12-29 广州市敏嘉制造技术有限公司 Numerically-controlled composite grinding center
KR20110123049A (en) * 2010-05-06 2011-11-14 주식회사 서울금속 Grinding machine for external screw and method for manufacturing external screw
CN203526726U (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-04-09 上海拓璞数控科技有限公司 Numerical-control grinding machine with plan-envelope annulus worm and five-shaft linkage
CN204183410U (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-03-04 天津市汉创科技有限公司 Novel 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe
CN104625893A (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-05-20 拉威尔(北京)科技有限公司 Five-axis linked grinding machine for machining of numerically-controlled tools
CN104923868A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-23 林建国 Thread grinding mechanism
CN105798710A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-27 广东特普丝精密工具有限公司 Numerical control extrusion screw tapping thread grinding machine
CN206578388U (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-10-24 贵州泰和超硬工具股份有限公司 The five-axle number control machine tool processing unit (plant) processed for screw-tap threaded

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