CN106592467A - Vehicle interception mechanism - Google Patents

Vehicle interception mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106592467A
CN106592467A CN201611192386.6A CN201611192386A CN106592467A CN 106592467 A CN106592467 A CN 106592467A CN 201611192386 A CN201611192386 A CN 201611192386A CN 106592467 A CN106592467 A CN 106592467A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flywheel
constraint
base
arranged
plate
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CN201611192386.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106592467B (en
Inventor
柳超
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福州麦辽自动化设备有限公司
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Priority to CN201611192386.6A priority Critical patent/CN106592467B/en
Publication of CN106592467A publication Critical patent/CN106592467A/en
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Publication of CN106592467B publication Critical patent/CN106592467B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F13/00Arrangements for obstructing or restricting traffic, e.g. gates, barricades ; Preventing passage of vehicles of selected category or dimensions
    • E01F13/12Arrangements for obstructing or restricting traffic, e.g. gates, barricades ; Preventing passage of vehicles of selected category or dimensions for forcibly arresting or disabling vehicles, e.g. spiked mats

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of vehicle interception and particularly relates to a vehicle interception mechanism. The vehicle interception mechanism comprises a flywheel, a fixing ring, transmission mechanisms, a backing plate, a fixing ring support, flywheel supports, a base, a flywheel rotating shaft, a center gear, first shaft holes, sliding holes and wheel constraining mechanisms. The flywheel is made of steel large in weight; the buffering and pulling effects on steel wires are achieved through the inertia of the flywheel, and then an automobile is braked; and the problems that the tremendous kinetic energy of the automobile is buffered, and buffering equipment is prone to being damaged are solved by using the flywheel. The rotating speed of the flywheel is automatically controlled to adapt to the kinetic energy magnitude of the automobile, so that the internal stress of the transmission tensile steel wires does not exceed the tensile limitation of the tensile steel wires, the tensile steel wires are protected, and the safety and the stability of the device are improved.

Description

A kind of vehicle interceptor structure

Art

The invention belongs to vehicle Interception Technology field, more particularly to a kind of vehicle interceptor structure.

Background technology

Vehicle-intercepting technical field often uses broken tire technology at present, and its key technology is how rapidly to break tire, is made Tire Rapid degassing as far as possible.But after deflating for some vehicle tyres, vehicle can still be travelled, tire structure institute is now broken The interception function of playing will be had a greatly reduced quality.Tradition Interception Technology often only considers how quick successfully pushing-off the wagons in addition, not Have and consider how that infringement of the interception action to vehicle is minimum as far as possible during interception, so design one kind can replace biography The mechanism of the broken tire technology of system is necessary, successfully can either intercept again can as far as possible to vehicle damage minimum so that Cost is overhauled in the secondary use reduction of vehicle.

A kind of vehicle interceptor structure of present invention design solves as above problem.

The content of the invention

To solve drawbacks described above of the prior art, the present invention discloses a kind of vehicle interceptor structure, and it is using following skill Art scheme is realizing.

A kind of vehicle interceptor structure, it is characterised in that:It includes flywheel, retainer ring, drive mechanism, backboard, retainer ring Support, flywheel support, base, flywheel rotating shaft, central gear, the first axis hole, sliding eye, wheel constraint mechanism, wherein flywheel install In flywheel rotating shaft, flywheel rotating shaft is supported on base by the flywheel of both sides, and central gear is arranged in flywheel rotating shaft; Retainer ring is supported on base by retainer ring, and backboard is arranged on retainer ring side, has circumferentially equidistant distribution on backboard 6 the first axis holes, being circumferentially equally spaced on the outer edge surface of retainer ring has 6 sliding eyes, corresponding to the back of the body at each sliding eye A back-moving spring is mounted on plate;Corresponding to a drive mechanism, and each driver are mounted in each sliding eye Structure and the first shaft hole matching;Wheel constraint mechanism is connected with drive mechanism by steel wire, and flywheel driven is rotated.

Above-mentioned drive mechanism includes little gear, first axle, the first clutch-plate, piece of stopping, piece of stopping support, card arc plate, reset bullet Spring, reset supports, pulley, pulley journal stirrup, transmission arm, wire wheel, the second axle, regulation ring, the second clutch-plate, pulley rotating shaft, prop up Arm, regulation snap ring, its middle pulley are arranged on the pulley journal stirrup of both sides by pulley rotating shaft, and pulley journal stirrup is arranged on transmission arm Top, resets and supports installed in the side of pulley journal stirrup, and the support side that resets is fixed with back-moving spring;Two card arc plates are upper and lower Arrangement is on transmission arm, and the card arc plate of upside, on retainer ring outer edge surface, the card arc plate of downside is in the inner edge of retainer ring On face, the transmission arm between card arc plate is through sliding eye in retainer ring up and down;Transmission arm bottom is provided with regulation ring, in regulation ring Support arm is installed at the position symmetrical with transmission arm installation site, the second axle is installed in regulation ring, on the second axle, two is provided with Individual regulation snap ring and two adjust snap rings and are located at regulation ring both sides, and wire wheel is fixed on one end of the second axle, and piece of stopping is by piece of stopping Support on transmission arm and support arm, the second clutch-plate is arranged on second axle one end;Little gear is arranged on the back of the body by first axle On the first axis hole on plate, the first clutch-plate is arranged on one end of first axle, and the first clutch-plate and the second clutch-plate coordinate, piece of stopping Coordinate with the first clutch-plate;Little gear is engaged with central gear.

Above-mentioned wheel constraint mechanism includes tensile steel wire, constraint mechanism, easily opens hinge, fixed hinge, plurality of constraint Mechanism by fixed hinge equidistantly link together composition row, the constraint mechanism in row by easily open hinge equidistantly with it is another The corresponding constraint mechanism of row links together, multiple row constraint mechanism composition two-dimensional arrangements;The constraint mechanism on the top per string Tensile steel wire is installed.

Above-mentioned constraint mechanism includes fettering base, blend stop, puncture, top arc plate, top spring, base arc wall, guide groove, cylinder Pin, guide block, puncture square hole, arc plate, wherein constraint base is cuboid, upside has base arc wall, middle to have cavity, cavity Internal two ends symmetrically have two guide grooves;Fixed hinge is arranged on the broadside side of constraint base, easily opens hinge installation In the long side face of constraint base;There is on the upside of the arc plate of top arc plate, downside intermediate hollow has in the middle of arc plate and punctures square hole, top The downside at arc plate two ends is symmetrically separately installed with two guide blocks;Top arc plate is arranged in constraint base, and guide block is matched somebody with somebody with guide groove Close;A blend stop is separately installed with the upside of the guide groove at constraint base two ends;Top spring is arranged in constraint base cavity pocket, and pushes up bullet Spring one end is arranged on constraint base, and the other end is arranged on the downside of the arc plate of top;Puncture bottom to be arranged on constraint base, and puncture Puncture square hole of the top through top arc plate.

Above-mentioned many tensile steel wires are arranged in order and are divided into six groups, according to the tensile steel wire composition one at 6 multiple position Group simultaneously synthesizes a tensile steel wire and is wrapped on a wire wheel downwards through pulley from the direction of flywheel.

Above-mentioned fixed hinge includes both sides journal stirrup and fixed ear, has circular hole on fixed ear and both sides journal stirrup, and fixed ear leads to Cross straight pin to be arranged between the journal stirrup of both sides.

Above-mentioned hinge of easily opening includes having the circular hole do not closed on both sides journal stirrup and Yi Kaier, Yi Kaier, on the journal stirrup of both sides With circular hole, Yi Kaier is arranged between the journal stirrup of both sides by straight pin.

Used as the further improvement of this technology, above-mentioned puncture top has two agnails, and agnail is distributed in a horizontal plane On, and the horizontal plane and constraint mechanism two ends easily to open hinge line parallel.

Used as the further improvement of this technology, the steel wire other end in above-mentioned multiple constraint mechanisms is both connected to together.

Used as the further improvement of this technology, the array front end constituted by above-mentioned multiple constraint mechanisms is also equipped with to be had tiltedly The header board of region feature.

Used as the further improvement of this technology, above-mentioned arc plate is 0.5m with the arc radius of base arc wall.

Upper technology is intercepted relative to traditional vehicle, flywheel is made using the iron and steel of heavier-weight in the present invention, using winged Take turns inertia to reach the effect of the buffering to steel wire and traction, and then automobile is braked, the use of flywheel solves automobile The buffering of huge kinetic energy and the problem that easily buffer device is damaged.The size of the kinetic energy of automobile, flywheel automatically control rotating speed To adapt to so that inside the tensile steel wire of transmission, stress protects tensile steel wire not over the ultimate tensile of tensile steel wire, carries The high safety and stability of device.In concrete mechanism, flywheel, retainer ring are fixed on base, and six are provided with retainer ring Individual drive mechanism, drive mechanism can be alone by clutch-plate and gear drive connecting and disconnecting and the transmission of flywheel, meets In wheel constraint mechanism, many pieces steel wires need the purpose of individual buffer.For wheel constraint mechanism, the second clutch-plate is Movable, move as the second axle, wire wheel, transmission arm are moved, when the steel wire on pulley produces pulling force, function of wire is slided Wheel, produces the power towards flywheel to pulley, and this power makes pulley drive transmission arm sliding in sliding eye by pulley journal stirrup Dynamic, wherein card arc plate plays a part of auxiliary slip and is oriented to, it is ensured that transmission arm smoothly slides in sliding eye, and transmission arm is slided Dynamic to drive regulation ring to slide, regulation ring drives the second axle to slide by the regulation snap ring of both sides, now second on the second axle from Close piece to contact with the first clutch-plate;Tensile steel wire is by after pulling force, tensile steel wire is drawn out from wire wheel while wire wheel drives Second axle is rotated, and the second axle is rotated and drives first axle to rotate by the CONTACT WITH FRICTION of the second clutch-plate and the first clutch-plate, and first Axle passes through little gear and central gear engages flywheel driven axis of rotation, finally drives a flywheel, the big weight generation of flywheel Rotator inertia will produce very big resistance to flywheel axis of rotation, react on steel wire afterwards;When the pulling force on steel wire disappears Afterwards, the reset on pulley journal stirrup supports the impetus by back-moving spring, and back-moving spring because the band of transmission arm inertia Action is used and has crossed free equilbrium position, and transmission arm returns to the other end of sliding eye, drives the second clutch-plate away from first Clutch-plate, and flywheel is made in function of wire by pulling CONTACT WITH FRICTION on rear side of stop piece and the first clutch-plate, the frictional force of generation Power quickly stops after disappearing, and acts in order to tackle the other drive mechanisms being likely to occur at any time, rear brake piece in reset bullet Spring affranchises under state effect, disconnects with the first clutch-plate, it is to avoid drive mechanism is subject to other drive mechanisms to be driven in flywheel When and be driven.The contact pressure size of piece and the first clutch-plate of stopping is determined by the reset force of back-moving spring.

In wheel constraint mechanism in the present invention, header board have inclined-plane can steer motor enter in constraint mechanism array; Constraint mechanism has puncture, punctures top and has agnail, punctures on constraint base, and have passed through the side for pushing up arc plate Hole, top arc plate can be slided up and down in constraint base, top arc plate when not stressing, puncture can be covered by top arc plate completely and In the puncture square hole of top arc plate, and in people's walking or bicycle walking, the weight of the weight and bicycle of people is not Be enough to move downward top arc plate by overcoming the compression resistance force of top spring, protect puncture to spill and people or bicycle are made Into infringement.After arc plate is pushed up in Automobile wheel load, the weight of automobile can compress top spring, spill puncture, and enter into In automobile tire, after automotive wheel crosses constraint mechanism, tire departs from the anti-hook of agnail that piercing process is punctured, and puncture cannot Depart from tire, this results in one side tire will be with constraint mechanism kinematic, and constraint mechanism will adhere on wheel, wheel The cavity wall of wheel is clashed into constraint mechanism, produce resistance;On the other hand constraint mechanism can control car by the traction of steel wire Traveling, if to steel wire applying power, vehicle rapidly can stop.Arc wall and constraint base in constraint mechanism is designed to 0.5 meter of arc radius, it is therefore intended that the arc wall energy of this size is enough close to the wheel tyre of common a large amount of species, is easy to constraint The attachment of mechanism.Being designed to of blend stop prevents from pushing up arc plate and departs from constraint base under the spring effect of top;Pressure wheel shrink beam ties up machine After structure, the row for connecting constraint mechanism by fixed hinge can be wrapped on wheel, because being fixed hinge, beam in column Tie up, the wheel of the constraint mechanism of control winding, steel wire can be pulled eventually through respective steel wire Can be independently controlled can also one end couple together while controlling.In general the wheel width of wheel is in a very little Scope, so the spacing between the constraint mechanism row of design ensure that most of wheel is fettered by string or two row The winding of mechanism, it is after certain string or certain two row are bound on wheel, neighbouring with the constraint mechanism row be bound on wheel Constraint mechanism row need to depart from and keep original position with which, in case the interception of follow-up automobile.So making between the column and the column With hinge is easily opened, Yi Kaier has open circular hole, after can producing power between both sides journal stirrup and Yi Kaier, straight pin energy It is enough to skid off from the open circular hole of Yi Kaier, easily open hinge and ensure that constraint mechanism row smoothly can be disengaged.It is subject in wheel After string constraint mechanism punctures, nearby the constraint mechanism of string is disengaged with the constraint mechanism of wheel wound by easily opening hinge, is protected The constraint mechanism for having demonstrate,proved other row will not be pulled away.The horizontal plane of agnail and constraint mechanism two ends easily to open hinge line parallel, if The purpose of meter is that the tire location at the anti-hook of two agnails belongs to the same bus of tire and (regards tire as cylinder, tyre surface For the outer edge surface of cylinder), the power that the two positions are subject to is identical, and such design ensure that puncture two ends stress balance Easily will not be broken off.The present invention fetters wheel by designing constraint mechanism, then by controlling the steel wire of constraint mechanism controlling Wheel processed further controls automobile, ensure that being blocked for automobile greater probability is stopped, because steel wire is acted on to wheel, vehicle is received The destruction very little for arriving.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is wheel constraint Distribution of Institutions schematic diagram.

Fig. 2 is wheel constraint mechanism side view.

Fig. 3 is wheel constraint mechanism top view.

Fig. 4 is constraint mechanism structure schematic diagram.

Fig. 5 is constraint mechanism structure perspective view.

Fig. 6 is to puncture and push up spring scheme of installation.

Fig. 7 is top arc plate structure schematic diagram.

Fig. 8 is constraint mechanism constraint wheel schematic diagram.

Fig. 9 is agnail effect schematic diagram.

Figure 10 is flywheel buffer gear overall structure diagram.

Figure 11 is drive mechanism scheme of installation.

Figure 12 is flywheel buffer gear side view.

Figure 13 is flywheel buffer gear sectional view.

Figure 14 is little gear and central gear mesh schematic representation.

Figure 15 is retainer ring structural representation.

Figure 16 is central gear scheme of installation.

Figure 17 is drive mechanism structure distribution schematic diagram.

Figure 18 is drive mechanism operation schematic diagram.

Figure 19 is piece scheme of installation of stopping.

Figure 20 is the first clutch-plate scheme of installation.

Figure 21 is the second clutch-plate scheme of installation.

Label title in figure:1st, tensile steel wire, 2, constraint mechanism, 3, header board, 4, easily open hinge, 5, fixed hinge, 6, beam Tie up base, 7, blend stop, 8, puncture, 9, top arc plate, 11, top spring, 12, fixed ear, 13, base arc wall, 14, guide groove, 15, Yi Kai Ear, 16, straight pin, 17, guide block, 18, puncture square hole, 19, arc plate, 20, agnail, 21, wheel, 22, bus, 30, flywheel, 31, Retainer ring, 32, drive mechanism, 33, backboard, 34, retainer ring support, 35, flywheel support, 36, base, 37, flywheel rotating shaft, 38, Central gear, 39, little gear, 40, first axle, the 41, first clutch-plate, 42, piece of stopping, 43, piece of stopping support, 44, card arc plate, 45, Back-moving spring, 46, resetting supports, 47, pulley, 48, pulley journal stirrup, 49, transmission arm, 50, wire wheel, the 51, second axle, 52, adjust Section ring, the 53, second clutch-plate, the 54, first axis hole, 55, sliding eye, 56, pulley rotating shaft, 57, support arm, 58, adjust snap ring, 59, Wheel fetters mechanism.

Specific embodiment

As shown in Figure 10,11,12,13, it includes that flywheel, retainer ring, drive mechanism, backboard, retainer ring are supported, flywheel is propped up Support, base, flywheel rotating shaft, central gear, the first axis hole, sliding eye, wheel constraint mechanism, wherein as shown in figure 16, flywheel peace It is mounted in flywheel rotating shaft, flywheel rotating shaft is supported on base by the flywheel of both sides, and central gear is arranged on flywheel rotating shaft On;As shown in figure 15, retainer ring is supported on base by retainer ring, and backboard is arranged on retainer ring side, is had on backboard There are 6 the first axis holes of circumferentially equidistant distribution, being circumferentially equally spaced on the outer edge surface of retainer ring there are 6 sliding eyes, corresponding to every A back-moving spring is mounted on backboard at individual sliding eye;As shown in figure 11, corresponding to being mounted in each sliding eye One drive mechanism, and each drive mechanism and the first shaft hole matching;Wheel constraint mechanism is connected with drive mechanism by steel wire, And flywheel driven is rotated.

As shown in Figure 13,17, above-mentioned drive mechanism include little gear, first axle, the first clutch-plate, piece of stopping, piece of stopping support, Card arc plate, back-moving spring, reset support, pulley, pulley journal stirrup, transmission arm, wire wheel, the second axle, regulation ring, the second clutch Piece, pulley rotating shaft, support arm, regulation snap ring, its middle pulley are arranged on the pulley journal stirrup of both sides by pulley rotating shaft, pulley journal stirrup Installed in the top of transmission arm, as shown in figure 19, reset and support installed in the side of pulley journal stirrup, and the support side that resets is fixed There is back-moving spring;As shown in figure 17, two card arc plates install in the upper and lower order on transmission arm, and the card arc plate of upside is in retainer ring On outer edge surface, on the inner edge surface of retainer ring, the transmission arm between card arc plate is sliding through in retainer ring up and down for the card arc plate of downside Dynamic hole;Transmission arm bottom is provided with regulation ring, is provided with support arm in regulation ring at the position symmetrical with transmission arm installation site, adjusts The second axle is installed in section ring, as shown in figure 21, two regulation snap rings is installed on the second axle and two is adjusted snap rings and are located at tune Section ring both sides, wire wheel are fixed on one end of the second axle, and as shown in figure 18, piece of stopping is supported installed in transmission arm and propped up by piece of stopping On arm, the second clutch-plate is arranged on second axle one end;As shown in Figure 20,14, little gear is arranged on backboard by first axle On first axis hole, the first clutch-plate is arranged on one end of first axle, and the first clutch-plate and the second clutch-plate coordinate, stop piece and first Clutch-plate coordinates;Little gear is engaged with central gear.

As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, above-mentioned wheel constraint mechanism includes tensile steel wire, constraint mechanism, easily opens hinge, fixed hinge Chain, plurality of constraint mechanism are equidistantly linked together by fixed hinge and constitute row, and the constraint mechanism in row is by easily opening Equidistantly corresponding with another row constraint mechanism of hinge links together, multiple row constraint mechanism composition two-dimensional arrangements;Per string The constraint mechanism on top tensile steel wire is installed.

As shown in Figure 4,5, above-mentioned constraint mechanism includes fettering base, blend stop, puncture, top arc plate, top spring, base arc Wall, guide groove, straight pin, guide block, puncture square hole, arc plate, wherein as shown in fig. 6, fettering base for cuboid, upside has base Arc wall, middle to have cavity, cavity inside two ends symmetrically have two guide grooves;Fixed hinge is arranged on constraint base Broadside side, easily opens the long side face that hinge is arranged on constraint base;As shown in fig. 7, there is arc plate on the upside of the arc plate of top, in downside Between it is hollow, have in the middle of arc plate and puncture square hole, the downside for pushing up arc plate two ends is symmetrically separately installed with two guide blocks;Top arc plate peace It is mounted in constraint base, and guide block is coordinated with guide groove;A blend stop is separately installed with the upside of the guide groove at constraint base two ends;Top bullet Spring is arranged in constraint base cavity pocket, and pushes up spring one end on constraint base, and the other end is arranged on the downside of the arc plate of top;Wear Thorn bottom is arranged on constraint base, and punctures top through the puncture square hole of top arc plate.

Above-mentioned many tensile steel wires are arranged in order and are divided into six groups, according to the tensile steel wire composition one at 6 multiple position Group simultaneously synthesizes a tensile steel wire and is wrapped on a wire wheel downwards through pulley from the direction of flywheel.

Above-mentioned fixed hinge includes both sides journal stirrup and fixed ear, has circular hole on fixed ear and both sides journal stirrup, and fixed ear leads to Cross straight pin to be arranged between the journal stirrup of both sides.

Above-mentioned hinge of easily opening includes having the circular hole do not closed on both sides journal stirrup and Yi Kaier, Yi Kaier, on the journal stirrup of both sides With circular hole, Yi Kaier is arranged between the journal stirrup of both sides by straight pin.

As shown in figure 3, above-mentioned puncture top has two agnails, agnail is distributed on a horizontal plane, and the horizontal plane With constraint mechanism two ends easily to open hinge line parallel.

As shown in figure 1, the steel wire other end in above-mentioned multiple constraint mechanisms is both connected to together.

As shown in Figure 1, 2, the array front end constituted by above-mentioned multiple constraint mechanisms is also equipped with before bevel feature Plate.

Above-mentioned arc plate is 0.5m with the arc radius of base arc wall.

In sum, in the present invention, flywheel is made using the iron and steel of heavier-weight, is reached to steel wire using flywheel inertia Buffering and traction effect, and then automobile is braked, the use of flywheel solves the buffering of the huge kinetic energy of automobile and easily The problem damaged by buffer device.The size of the kinetic energy of automobile, flywheel automatically control rotating speed to adapt to so that transmission it is anti- Draw steel wire inside stress not over the ultimate tensile of tensile steel wire, protect tensile steel wire, improve device safety and Stability.In concrete mechanism, flywheel, retainer ring are fixed on base, and six drive mechanisms, drive mechanism are provided with retainer ring Can be alone by clutch-plate and gear drive connecting and disconnecting and the transmission of flywheel, meet many in wheel constraint mechanism Steel wire needs the purpose of individual buffer.For wheel constraint mechanism, the second clutch-plate is movable, with the second axle, steel Silk wheel, transmission arm are moved and are moved, as shown in a in Figure 18, when the steel wire on pulley produces pulling force, function of wire pulley, The power towards flywheel is produced to pulley, this power makes pulley drive transmission arm to slide in sliding eye by pulley journal stirrup, Wherein card arc plate plays a part of auxiliary slip and is oriented to, it is ensured that transmission arm smoothly slides in sliding eye, and transmission arm slides Regulation ring is driven to slide, regulation ring drives the second axle to slide by the regulation snap ring of both sides, now as shown in the b in Figure 18, the The second clutch-plate on two axles is contacted with the first clutch-plate;By after pulling force, tensile steel wire is drawn out from wire wheel tensile steel wire Simultaneously wire wheel drives the second axle to rotate, and the second axle is rotated by the CONTACT WITH FRICTION drive of the second clutch-plate and the first clutch-plate the One axle is rotated, and first axle passes through little gear and central gear engages flywheel driven axis of rotation, finally drives a flywheel, flywheel The rotator inertia that big weight is produced will produce very big resistance to flywheel axis of rotation, react on steel wire afterwards;Work as steel wire On pulling force disappear after, on pulley journal stirrup reset support by back-moving spring impetus, and back-moving spring because pass The induced effect of swing arm inertia and crossed free equilbrium position, transmission arm returns to the other end of sliding eye, drive second from Piece is closed away from the first clutch-plate, and makes to fly by pulling CONTACT WITH FRICTION on rear side of stop piece and the first clutch-plate, the frictional force of generation Wheel quickly stops after function of wire power disappears, in order to tackle the other drive mechanism effects being likely to occur at any time, afterwards Piece of stopping affranchises under state effect in back-moving spring, disconnects with the first clutch-plate, it is to avoid drive mechanism is subject to other in flywheel It is driven when drive mechanism is driven.The contact pressure size of piece and the first clutch-plate of stopping is determined by the reset force of back-moving spring.

In wheel constraint mechanism in the present invention, header board have inclined-plane can steer motor enter in constraint mechanism array; Constraint mechanism has puncture, punctures top and has agnail, punctures on constraint base, and have passed through the side for pushing up arc plate Hole, top arc plate can be slided up and down in constraint base, top arc plate when not stressing, puncture can be covered by top arc plate completely and In the puncture square hole of top arc plate, and in people's walking or bicycle walking, the weight of the weight and bicycle of people is not Be enough to move downward top arc plate by overcoming the compression resistance force of top spring, protect puncture to spill and people or bicycle are made Into infringement.After arc plate is pushed up in Automobile wheel load, the weight of automobile can compress top spring, spill puncture, and enter into In automobile tire, after automotive wheel crosses constraint mechanism, tire departs from the anti-hook of agnail that piercing process is punctured, and puncture cannot Depart from tire, this results in one side tire will be with constraint mechanism kinematic, and constraint mechanism will adhere on wheel, wheel The cavity wall of wheel is clashed into constraint mechanism, produce resistance;On the other hand constraint mechanism can control car by the traction of steel wire Traveling, if to steel wire applying power, vehicle rapidly can stop.Arc wall and constraint base in constraint mechanism is designed to 0.5 meter of arc radius, it is therefore intended that the arc wall energy of this size is enough close to the wheel tyre of common a large amount of species, is easy to constraint The attachment of mechanism.Being designed to of blend stop prevents from pushing up arc plate and departs from constraint base under the spring effect of top;Pressure wheel shrink beam ties up machine After structure, the row for connecting constraint mechanism by fixed hinge can be wrapped on wheel, because being fixed hinge, beam in column Tie up, the wheel of the constraint mechanism of control winding, steel wire can be pulled eventually through respective steel wire Can be independently controlled can also one end couple together while controlling.In general the wheel width of wheel is in a very little Scope, so the spacing between the constraint mechanism row of design ensure that most of wheel is fettered by string or two row The winding of mechanism, it is after certain string or certain two row are bound on wheel, neighbouring with the constraint mechanism row be bound on wheel Constraint mechanism row need to depart from and keep original position with which, in case the interception of follow-up automobile.So making between the column and the column With hinge is easily opened, Yi Kaier has open circular hole, after can producing power between both sides journal stirrup and Yi Kaier, straight pin energy It is enough to skid off from the open circular hole of Yi Kaier, easily open hinge and ensure that constraint mechanism row smoothly can be disengaged.It is subject in wheel After string constraint mechanism punctures, nearby the constraint mechanism of string is disengaged with the constraint mechanism of wheel wound by easily opening hinge, is protected The constraint mechanism for having demonstrate,proved other row will not be pulled away.The horizontal plane of agnail and constraint mechanism two ends easily to open hinge line parallel, if The purpose of meter is that the tire location at the anti-hook of two agnails belongs to the same bus of tire and (regards tire as cylinder, tyre surface For the outer edge surface of cylinder), the power that the two positions are subject to is identical, and such design ensure that puncture two ends stress balance Easily will not be broken off.The present invention fetters wheel by designing constraint mechanism, then by controlling the steel wire of constraint mechanism controlling Wheel processed further controls automobile, ensure that being blocked for automobile greater probability is stopped, because steel wire is acted on to wheel, vehicle is received The destruction very little for arriving.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of vehicle interceptor structure, it is characterised in that:It include flywheel, retainer ring, drive mechanism, backboard, retainer ring support, Flywheel support, base, flywheel rotating shaft, central gear, the first axis hole, sliding eye, wheel constraint mechanism, wherein flywheel are arranged on and fly In wheel rotating shaft, flywheel rotating shaft is supported on base by the flywheel of both sides, and central gear is arranged in flywheel rotating shaft;It is fixed Ring is supported on base by retainer ring, and backboard is arranged on retainer ring side, 6 with circumferentially equidistant distribution on backboard First axis hole, being circumferentially equally spaced on the outer edge surface of retainer ring has 6 sliding eyes, corresponding to equal on the backboard at each sliding eye One back-moving spring is installed;Corresponding to a drive mechanism, and each drive mechanism and are mounted in each sliding eye One shaft hole matching;Wheel constraint mechanism is connected with drive mechanism by steel wire, and flywheel driven is rotated;
Above-mentioned drive mechanism includes little gear, first axle, the first clutch-plate, piece of stopping, piece of stopping support, card arc plate, back-moving spring, multiple Position support, pulley, pulley journal stirrup, transmission arm, wire wheel, the second axle, regulation ring, the second clutch-plate, pulley rotating shaft, support arm, tune Section snap ring, its middle pulley are arranged on the pulley journal stirrup of both sides by pulley rotating shaft, and pulley journal stirrup is arranged on the top of transmission arm, Reset and support installed in the side of pulley journal stirrup, and the support side that resets is fixed with back-moving spring;Two card arc plates are arranged above and below On transmission arm, and the card arc plate of upside is on retainer ring outer edge surface, the card arc plate of downside on the inner edge surface of retainer ring, Transmission arm between card arc plate is through sliding eye in retainer ring up and down;Transmission arm bottom is provided with regulation ring, with biography in regulation ring Swing arm installation site is provided with support arm at symmetrical position, and the second axle is provided with regulation ring, and two tune are provided with the second axle Save snap ring and two adjust snap rings and are located at regulation ring both sides, wire wheel is fixed on one end of the second axle, and piece of stopping is by piece support of stopping On transmission arm and support arm, the second clutch-plate is arranged on second axle one end;Little gear is arranged on backboard by first axle The first axis hole on, the first clutch-plate is arranged on one end of first axle, the cooperation of the first clutch-plate and the second clutch-plate, stop piece and the One clutch-plate coordinates;Little gear is engaged with central gear;
Above-mentioned wheel constraint mechanism includes tensile steel wire, constraint mechanism, easily opens hinge, fixed hinge, plurality of constraint mechanism By fixed hinge equidistantly link together composition row, the constraint mechanism in row by easily open hinge equidistantly with another row phase Corresponding constraint mechanism links together, multiple row constraint mechanism composition two-dimensional arrangements;The constraint mechanism on the top per string installs There is tensile steel wire;
Above-mentioned constraint mechanism includes fettering base, blend stop, puncture, top arc plate, top spring, base arc wall, guide groove, straight pin, leads Block, puncture square hole, arc plate, wherein constraint base is cuboid, upside has base arc wall, middle to have cavity, cavity inside Two ends symmetrically have two guide grooves;Fixed hinge is arranged on the broadside side of constraint base, easily opens hinge installed in beam Tie up the long side face of base;There is on the upside of the arc plate of top arc plate, downside intermediate hollow has in the middle of arc plate and punctures square hole, pushes up arc plate The downside at two ends is symmetrically separately installed with two guide blocks;Top arc plate is arranged in constraint base, and guide block is coordinated with guide groove;Beam A blend stop is separately installed with the upside of the guide groove for tiing up base two ends;Top spring is arranged in constraint base cavity pocket, and pushes up spring one On constraint base, the other end is arranged on the downside of the arc plate of top at end;Puncture bottom to be arranged on constraint base, and puncture top Through the puncture square hole of top arc plate;
Above-mentioned many tensile steel wires are arranged in order and are divided into six groups, constitute one group simultaneously according to the tensile steel wire at 6 multiple position A piece tensile steel wire of synthesis is wrapped on a wire wheel downwards from the direction of flywheel through pulley;
Above-mentioned fixed hinge includes both sides journal stirrup and fixed ear, has circular hole on fixed ear and both sides journal stirrup, and fixed ear is by circle Pin is arranged between the journal stirrup of both sides;
Above-mentioned hinge of easily opening includes having the circular hole do not closed on both sides journal stirrup and Yi Kaier, Yi Kaier, has on the journal stirrup of both sides Circular hole, Yi Kaier are arranged between the journal stirrup of both sides by straight pin.
2. a kind of vehicle interceptor structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Fall with two on above-mentioned puncture top Thorn, agnail is distributed on a horizontal plane, and the horizontal plane with fetter mechanism two ends easily to open hinge line parallel.
3. a kind of vehicle interceptor structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Steel wire in above-mentioned multiple constraint mechanisms The other end is both connected to together.
4. a kind of vehicle interceptor structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:What above-mentioned multiple constraint mechanisms were constituted Array front end is also equipped with the header board with bevel feature.
5. a kind of vehicle interceptor structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The circular arc of above-mentioned arc plate and base arc wall Radius is 0.5m.
CN201611192386.6A 2016-12-21 2016-12-21 A kind of vehicle interceptor structure CN106592467B (en)

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PCT/CN2017/094996 WO2018113303A1 (en) 2016-12-21 2017-07-28 Pneumatic vehicle intercepting and stopping mechanism

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WO2018113303A1 (en) 2018-06-28

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