CN106523265A - Horizontal shaft type wind turbine and wind power unit and traction transmission system - Google Patents

Horizontal shaft type wind turbine and wind power unit and traction transmission system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106523265A
CN106523265A CN201611012429.8A CN201611012429A CN106523265A CN 106523265 A CN106523265 A CN 106523265A CN 201611012429 A CN201611012429 A CN 201611012429A CN 106523265 A CN106523265 A CN 106523265A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
bevel gear
horizontal
semiaxis
energy
differential mechanism
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201611012429.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106523265B (en
Inventor
高则行
马文平
马平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yuanchuangli (Tianjin) Technology Development Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
Yangquan Sanding Technology Co Ltd
Beijing Peng Sheng Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority claimed from CN201610822961X external-priority
Application filed by Yangquan Sanding Technology Co Ltd, Beijing Peng Sheng Technology Development Co Ltd filed Critical Yangquan Sanding Technology Co Ltd
Publication of CN106523265A publication Critical patent/CN106523265A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106523265B publication Critical patent/CN106523265B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D1/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The invention relates to a horizontal shaft type wind turbine. The horizontal shaft type wind turbine comprises a dual-input combining-separating system which is provided with a bevel gear transmission mechanism in a machine head and a first differential mechanism in a towel body; the bevel gear transmission mechanism is provided with a first bevel gear, a second bevel gear and a third bevel gear, the first bevel gear and the second bevel gear are horizontally placed, and the third bevel gear is vertically placed; a shaft of the third bevel gear is connected to a wind wheel and is supported on a machine head base; rotation of a shaft of the first bevel gear is transmitted to a first half shaft of the first differential mechanism; rotation of a shaft of the second bevel gear is transmitted to a second half shaft of the first differential mechanism; the wind wheel serves as a first input end and can drive the shaft of the third bevel gear to rotate; a tail vane serves as a second input end and can drive the machine head base to rotate so that the shaft of the third bevel gear can be driven to rotate; during input of the wind wheel, the rotation speed at the position of the first half shaft and the rotation speed at the position of the second half shaft are made equal in magnitude and same in direction; and during input of the tail vane, the rotation speed at the position of the first half shaft and the rotation speed at the position of the second half shaft are made equal in magnitude and opposite in direction. The invention further relates to a horizontal shaft type wind power unit and a traction transmission system.

Description

Horizontal-shaft windmill, Wind turbine and traction transmission system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Horizontal-shaft windmill, a kind of Wind turbine including the Horizontal-shaft windmill and A kind of traction transmission system for the Horizontal-shaft windmill.
Background technology
Contradiction between the trend that mankind's demand growing for the energy and ecological environment day by day deteriorate so that how Realize the sustainable use of the energy and the whole world is developed into all in the problem of concern.For China, changing China with coal is The industrial structure of main energy resource structure and high pollution high energy consumption is China Environment control and tackles compeling for Global climate change Highly necessary ask.
Wind energy receives the attention of countries in the world as excellent clean energy resource.The wind-driven generator for using at present is usual Including wind wheel, machine driven system (such as speed increaser etc.) and generator etc..Wind wheel rotates under the action of the forces of the wind, and what is obtained is dynamic Energy Jing machine driven systems pass to generator, convert kinetic energy into electric energy by generator.Machine driven system and generator quilt It is encapsulated in a cabin, tower top is arranged on by rotary supporting device then, the head of wind-driven generator is constituted.Machine Head, the head of particularly big-and-middle-sized wind-driven generator, its weight are very big, can reach tens of tons to hundreds of ton.Therefore, to turning The requirement of dynamic supporting arrangement is high, and the manufacturing cost for causing rotary supporting device is high.Heavy head needs special machine Tool surveys wind and to wind apparatus, further increases volume, weight and the structural complexity of head.The weight and volume of head is to fortune Defeated and installation also brings many difficulties.
On the other hand, as generator is arranged in the cabin of rotation with the wind, the cable for outwards transmitting electric power may The phenomenon of twisting can occur, so wind-driven generator also needs to install and untying the mooring rope accordingly and turning round cable protection device.It can be seen that, it is current Wind-driven generator structure is complicated, very big in the cost of the aspects such as manufacture, transportation, installation, maintenance, becomes obstruction wind energy extensively sharp One of factor.
In addition, compared with traditional thermal power generation, hydroelectric generation, nuclear energy power generation, wind-power electricity generation is unstable because of air quantity, have The problem of intermittent electric power.And the wind for flowing can not be stored as coal, water, nuclear fuel in advance, therefore wind-power electricity generation Jing Often do not match that with the power consumption of electrical network, such as during peak of power consumption on daytime but wind-force is weak, generated energy is few, during night low power consumption but Wind-force is strong, generated energy is more, brings extra difficulty to dispatching of power netwoks.One of current settling mode is by wind-power electricity generation and firepower Generating etc. combines, and supplies mutually, but extra burden is but caused to thermal power generation.Another advanced settling mode exists at present In wind-powered electricity generation and CAES (Compressed Air Energy Storage, Caes) technology being combined, by wind-force Generator is converted to compressed air by the electric energy that cable transmission is got off and can store, then when needed by compressed air energy Electric energy is converted into, electrical network is supplied, but its efficiency is relatively very low.
Figure 1 illustrates a kind of flow chart of relatively advanced wind-driven generator in prior art.Wind-driven generator profit Wind wheel blade rotation is driven with wind-force, then the speed for rotating is lifted by booster engine, promote electrical power generators, generator institute The electricity for sending is conveyed to motor after commutation inversion, then stores up the electric energy produced by wind-driven generator using CAES technologies Compressed air energy is saved as, when needed compressed air-driven rotating turbine, drive electrical power generators, compressed air can be changed For electric energy, electrical network is uploaded to.But, the efficiency of this wind-driven generator is very low, though under optimum, from generator to The efficiency of AC/DC/AC links is about 85%, AC/DC/AC and is about 89% to the efficiency of motor link, from motor to CAEC The efficiency of link is about 85%, only these links loss just up to 37%.
In this context, the present inventor successively patent document CN202165226U, CN102734077A, Propose in CN102619699A etc. a kind of with the diverse wind energy conversion system of above-mentioned traditional wind Research Thinking.By upper Generator can be displaced to Near Ground from cabin by the technical scheme proposed in stating patent document, so as to reach simplified head Structure, mitigation head weight and reduction wind-driven generator transport, the purpose of hoisting cost.But in continuous research in recent years There is very big defect in middle discovery, the technical scheme proposed in these patent documents, fact proved and be difficult to carry out.
Patent document CN202165226U discloses a kind of head for wind energy conversion system and the wind energy conversion system including the head. Wherein, by multiple gear trains and differential mechanism and cable by the mechanical energy going down of wind wheel.But the device disclosed in which Need control device.
Patent document CN102734077A discloses a kind of wind-driven generator.In this wind-driven generator, the machine of wind wheel Tool can be by means of constituting by the bent axle in the head, installed in tower body inner carrier, the piston rod between bent axle and piston Power-transmission system is transferred to a position output of tower body.But its power-transmission system has very big defect.One Aspect, because wind-force it is unstable, when it is big when it is little, if will ensure that bent axle can successfully turn over upper dead center position in wind-force hour (this position potential energy maximum, minimum of kinetic energy), needs to give crankshaft installed flying wheel, but does not have within the system to install inertia The space of wheel.On the other hand, when bent axle drives piston movement, whole system is not buffered, and the downward impulse force of piston is very big, causes It is very big to the impulse force of head bearing and tower body.
Patent document CN102619699A discloses a kind of wind power generating set and a kind of kinetic energy edge for producing wind wheel The power-transmission system of pylon going down, including the input shaft with eccentric part driven by wind wheel, upper motion converting means Put, be coupled device assembly, lower movement transforming device and the output shaft with eccentric part, input shaft can be turned by cabin by bearing Support dynamicly, and cabin is supported rotatably in the top of pylon.Its power-transmission system has a very big defect, and one Aspect power-transmission system is difficult to turn over the top dead-centre in motion, and downward impulse force is larger, on the other hand using transmission mechanism Output shaft and purpose mechanism are coupled together, this pole by (such as gear drive, chain drive, belt gear etc.) The earth limits the rotation of head, causes neatly adjust direction windward.
A kind of wind is also disclosed that in the patent document CN102003348A for applying for artificial Sany Electricity Limited Liability Company Power generator group, the rotation of wind wheel is by rotationally supporting the horizontal drive shaft on cabin underframe, the spiral on horizontal drive shaft Shape bevel gear, the spirality bevel gear for engaging of vertical drive shaft upper end and the vertical drive shaft in tower body are passed Pass, then through speeder, drive generator to run up.Although generator is not necessarily mounted in cabin, but still needs to install In tower at higher position, which still needs lifting to higher position, and its cost of installation and maintenance is still very high, this Substantially solve the problems, such as existing wind-driven generator bowheaviness and installation maintenance cost is high.In addition, generator need to be consolidated Dingan County is mounted in tower, therefore necessarily has very big power to act in tower, and this intensity and bearing capacity to tower is proposed very High requirement.The premise caused by generator normal work is to provide reaction force for generator by wind tower, obtained by wind energy conversion system Torque all act on tower body.
Be present very big defect in the technical scheme proposed in above-mentioned patent document, however, it is difficult to come into operation.
The content of the invention
Relative with prior art, the present invention proposes a kind of Horizontal-shaft windmill, and which can overcome existing wind-power electricity generation The drawbacks described above of machine.
Horizontal-shaft windmill of the invention includes tower body, on the tower body and can be relative to the tower The head of body rotation, the tail vane on head and wind wheel, the Horizontal-shaft windmill also include dual input merge- Piece-rate system, the dual input merging-piece-rate system have the bevel gear transmission being arranged in the head and are arranged on The first differential mechanism in the tower body, the bevel gear transmission have the first bevel gear and second bevel gear of horizontal positioned And vertically place relative to the first bevel gear, the second bevel gear and bore with the first bevel gear and described second The third hand tap gear of gear engagement, the axle of the first bevel gear are coaxially disposed with the axle of the second bevel gear and described the The axle of two bevel gears is hollow shaft, and the third hand tap gear is pivotally connected to wind wheel and is bearing on machine head base by bearing, First differential mechanism includes the first semiaxis and the second semiaxis, the rotation of the axle of the first bevel gear of the bevel gear transmission First semiaxis of first differential mechanism is transferred to either directly or indirectly, the second bevel gear of the bevel gear transmission The rotation of axle is directly or indirectly transferred to the second semiaxis of first differential mechanism, wherein, wind wheel is used as the dual input The first input end of merging-piece-rate system, can drive the axle of the third hand tap gear to rotate around its horizontal axis, Yi Jiqi In, the tail vane merges as the dual input-the second input of piece-rate system, machine head base can be driven to rotate, then Drive is supported on the axle of the third hand tap gear on machine head base and rotates around the vertical axis of wind energy conversion system.When only described wind wheel During input, cause at first semiaxis and the second semiaxis of first differential mechanism via the dual input merging-piece-rate system Rotating speed is equal in magnitude, direction is identical, according to the operation principle of differential mechanism, now the first differential casing rotation, in the first differential There is substantive output at device housing.When only described tail vane is input into, described first is caused via the dual input merging-piece-rate system Rotating speed at first semiaxis and the second semiaxis of differential mechanism is equal in magnitude, in opposite direction, according to the operation principle of differential mechanism, now Zero is output as at the first differential casing, i.e., essence is not exported.When the wind wheel and the tail vane are input into simultaneously, Jing It is superimposed by dual input merging-piece-rate system motion, but the input of tail vane is output as zero at the first differential casing, only The input of wind wheel causes the input of the essence output at the first differential casing, tail vane to have no effect on the essence biography of wind wheel input Pass result.
Compared to wind-driven generator of the prior art, wind energy conversion system of the invention is realized will be the mechanical energy of wind wheel straight Connect mechanical mechanism and be transferred to ground, then carry out energy conversion.On the one hand due to generator from head be moved to ground so as to The weight of head is significantly reduced, is easily installed and is safeguarded;On the other hand, eliminate (high-power to AC/DC/AC from generator AC/DC/AC equipment relies on foreign technology) to these links of motor (as shown in phantom in Figure 1), drastically increase production Efficiency.
The present invention Horizontal-shaft windmill head no longer include generator, generator may be mounted at Near Ground or On ground, by system and the front energy-storage system reception wind energy of electricity can be passed under the energy of going down power.Therefore, the present invention Head can avoid complex structure that traditional head brought due to being provided with generator, weight is big, maintenance cost is high, energy is passed The low problem of efficiency is passed, while the cable for outwards transmitting electric power being eliminated from generator and being untied the mooring rope accordingly and is turned round cable protection dress Put.Furthermore it is possible to accumulation of energy filtering be carried out to unstable wind energy before electrical power generators, realize high schedulability.In order to The wind-driven generator containing generator in traditional head is different from, in the present invention, the equipment that head and tower body are constituted is referred to as " wind energy conversion system ".
Importantly, the present invention devises a kind of " dual input merging-piece-rate system ", two parallel power are realized Bang path, i.e., in same transmission mechanism, have two inputs that the mechanism can be made to operate, without external force and any auxiliary In the case that equipment is intervened, the input of only one of which input has substantive output in output end, another input it is defeated Enter in output end without substantive output.There is no the transmission of active force between two inputs of same mechanism, and two defeated Input or the single input of arbitrarily single input do not affect its result for substantially exporting jointly to enter end.
Herein, it is noted that " parallel " and " parallel ".Herein, the bang path of " parallel " is referred to from two and is input into To the bang path of output end, its bang path is incorporated in same transmission mechanism at end (i.e. tail vane, wind wheel);The biography of " parallel " Pass path refer to from one of input (tail vane or wind wheel) be transferred to output end when from the bevel gear of bevel gear transmission To two bang paths of the first differential mechanism.
Preferably, the differential mechanism is may be provided in the tower body, near the predetermined height of the head.
A preferred embodiment of the invention, the rotation of the axle of the first bevel gear are passed via first bevel gear Motivation structure is transferred to the first semiaxis of first differential mechanism, and the rotation of the axle of the second bevel gear is passed via second bevel gear Motivation structure is transferred to the second semiaxis of first differential mechanism.The first bevel gear transmission mechanism and the second bevel gear are passed Motivation structure is made up of the bevel gear of two quadrature arrangements respectively, the axle of the first bevel gear by the first bevel gear with it is described The horizontally disposed bevel gear of first bevel gear transmission mechanism connects as one, and the first semiaxis of first differential mechanism is by first Central gear on semiaxis is connected as one with the bevel gear of the vertical arrangement of the first bevel gear transmission mechanism, and described second Horizontally disposed bevel gear of the axle of bevel gear by the second bevel gear with the second bevel gear transmission mechanism is connected as one Body, the second semiaxis of first differential mechanism is by the central gear on second semiaxis and the second bevel gear transmission mechanism The bevel gear of vertical arrangement connect as one, and the first bevel gear transmission mechanism and the second bevel gear driver The gearratio of structure is equal, i.e. the first bevel gear transmission mechanism and the second bevel gear transmission mechanism it is respective two just Hand over the gear ratio of the bevel gear of arrangement equal.
Certainly, the rotation of the axle of first bevel gear, the rotation of the axle of second bevel gear can respectively via except bevel gear pass Other transmission mechanisms outside motivation structure are transferred to the second semiaxis of first semiaxis and the first differential mechanism of the first differential mechanism, only Cause that the rotating speed when only the wind wheel is input at first semiaxis and the second semiaxis of the first differential mechanism is equal in magnitude, direction phase With and rotating speed when only the tail vane is input at first semiaxis and the second semiaxis of the first differential mechanism is equal in magnitude, direction phase Instead.Alternatively, it is also possible to it is contemplated that first bevel gear axle rotation be transferred directly to the first differential mechanism the first semiaxis, and The rotation of the axle of second bevel gear is transferred to the second semiaxis of the first differential mechanism, or first bevel gear via a transmission mechanism Axle rotation be transferred to the first semiaxis of the first differential mechanism via a transmission mechanism, and the rotation of the axle of second bevel gear is straight Connect the second semiaxis for being transferred to the first differential mechanism, as long as so that when only the wind wheel is input into the first semiaxis of the first differential mechanism and Rotating speed at second semiaxis is equal in magnitude, direction is identical and the first semiaxis of the first differential mechanism and the when only described tail vane is input into Rotating speed at two semiaxis is equal in magnitude, in opposite direction.
Another preferred embodiment of the invention, the second bevel gear transmission mechanism may also include another vertical cloth The bevel gear put, the dual input merging-piece-rate system may also include the second differential mechanism, the first semiaxis of first differential mechanism By the central gear on the first semiaxis, the bevel gear of the vertical arrangement of the first bevel gear transmission mechanism, second differential One central gear of device is connected as one, and the axle of the bevel gear of another vertical arrangement of the second bevel gear transmission mechanism will The bevel gear of another vertical arrangement of the second bevel gear transmission mechanism is connected with another central gear of second differential mechanism It is connected in one.One motor can be set, the housing into rotation of the second differential mechanism is driven, closed via dual input in the case And-piece-rate system so as to the first bevel gear of bevel gear transmission and second bevel gear do that rotating speed is equal in magnitude, direction is identical Rotation, so as to bevel gear transmission third hand tap gear as moving tooth drive machine head base rotate, adjust direction windward.
A preferred embodiment of the invention, the Horizontal-shaft windmill to may also include and pass system under energy, The energy pass down system the dual input is merged-mechanical energy of piece-rate system output under reach desired position.
Preferably, system is passed under the energy and may be embodied as traction transmission system, the traction transmission system includes:The One drag device;With the first drag device vertically upper and lower spaced apart second drag device;The first traction dress Putting includes rotatable, vertically spaced apart two traction sheaves up and down respectively with second drag device, described The pivot center of two traction sheaves is parallel to each other and described two traction sheaves are turned in the same direction with identical rotating speed;It is electrodeless Rope, the continuous rope are bypassed then and are arranged on first drag device around two traction sheave windings of the first drag device And the guide wheel between second drag device, then around two traction sheave windings of second drag device;Counterweight, it is described Counterweight is arranged on the port of export for leaving the first drag device of the continuous rope and between the arrival end of the second drag device Freely wind in section.
" continuous rope " refers to continuous rope, no termination in other words where being not turned off in rope.People in the art For member should be understood that continuous rope does not have termination only in the case where continuous rope is in running order.Continuous rope can be according to application Occasion is selected using any suitable material, such as steel wire rope.In the present invention, it is all refer to continuous rope winding order where Descriptive purpose is provided to, for the overall winding method of continuous rope is not limited in any way.
Traction transmission system is different from traditional traction transmission system etc..For " traction ", need to ensure steel wire rope There is frictional force in (can around be made as continuous rope) and cylinder between, therefore in steel wire rope, must have confining force (that is, tensile force) to deposit .But when blowing, the tower body of wind energy conversion system can be inclined under wind action, thus make the steel wire rope side being wound on cylinder more For tensioning, it is possible to its elastic range can be exceeded, wire cable rupture is caused.On the other hand, the upper strata steel wire rope pressure of trailer system On lower floor's steel wire rope, steel wire rope compressive strain is easily caused, or even is damaged.For " traction ", between steel wire rope and cylinder Friction trend is zero, and the counterweight ensures that traction transmission system can work, and thus can guarantee that steel wire rope all the time in its elasticity In the range of, it is derived from longer service life.The maximum that can be produced in traction race effectively traction is steel wire rope and wheel Coefficient of friction and steel wire rope between groove bypasses the function of traction sheave cornerite, it is assumed that the coefficient of friction between steel wire rope and race is F, steel wire rope cornerite on the traction sheave are α, and the tension force on both sides is respectively T1And T2.To make traction transmission system in working condition Under it is non-slip, it is ensured that have enough traction capacities, must just be fulfilled forHere, by leaving first in continuous rope The port of export of drag device and into freely winding in section setting counterweight G between the arrival end of the second drag device, it is ensured that Traction transmission system normally can work.For simultaneously for wind energy conversion system, no matter wind speed size, torque of its output is permanent Fixed, correspondingly sized counterweight can be selected using the constant torque, traction sheave two ends approximate size balance is made, thus made traction The frictional force very little of transmission system steel wire rope.
Preferably, one of two traction sheaves of first drag device can be the housing of the differential mechanism, thus may be used To provide a kind of mechanism of compact conformation.
Preferably, second drag device can be arranged on Near Ground.Thus, it is possible to realize the mechanical energy of wind wheel Near Ground is transferred to, such that it is able to Near Ground being arranged on for the generator for generating electricity or being installed on the ground.
Preferably, multiple traction transmission systems can be set.Thus, it is possible to provide higher functional reliability and safety Property.
A preferred embodiment of the invention, generator directly with system passed under energy be connected.
In accordance with another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the Horizontal-shaft windmill also includes the electricity with filter action Front energy-storage system, before the electricity with filter action, energy-storage system is connected under energy and passes between system and generator and by Jing By the energy pass down mechanical energy storage that system passed down for other forms energy for follow-up generating.
A preferred embodiment of the invention, before the electricity with filter action, energy-storage system can include many Platform has the gas compressor of pressure-bearing gas tank, and the gas compressor down passes system defeated with the energy by clutch respectively Go out end connection, the mechanical energy that the energy passes down system is converted into the gas compressor compression being stored in pressure-bearing gas tank Gas energy.The pressure-bearing gas tank is connected to the turbine for driving electrical power generators by gas control equipment respectively.In reality, wind Power is typically unstable, and its mechanical energy for passing to ground is also unstable.By the preferred embodiment, it is possible to provide a kind of Accumulation of energy system before the electricity with filter action of energy storage is carried out before electrical power generators, using the high compressed gas of energy density System.On the one hand, unstable wind energy storage can be got up, filtering is realized before electrical power generators are driven, it is steady so as to export Fixed energy, eliminates the commutation inversion device in traditional wind.On the other hand, accumulation of energy before the electricity with filter action System can release energy according to the actual demand of electrical network and store energy, reach the effect of peak load shifting, such as high in electricity consumption Compressed gas are discharged during peak and then electrical power generators are driven, is fed by electrical network in low power consumption, using electric energy more than needed as pressure Contracting air can be stored.
The gas compressor and pressure-bearing gas tank can be prepared by the order of magnitude using " 1225 ", in this way can be real The series that can at most match is realized with minimal number of device now.Specifically, be provided with kw of power level a 10kw, two The gas compressor of platform 20kw and a 50kw, is provided with a 100kw, two 200kw and in hundred kw of power levels The gas compressor of platform 500kw, other quantity level is by that analogy.Vane change device is additionally provided with, can be changed in 10kw, such that it is able to Stepless power adjusting is realized in multikilowatt to MW class, makes wind energy conversion system maintain constant revolution in controlled range.In addition, traditional The PCU Power Conditioning Unit response time it is long, it is impossible to immediately match with the wind-force of change, on the other hand, according to the present invention, only Need to control the closure of the clutch between system and gas compressor is passed under energy, thus can promptly realize power adjusting, Immediately match with wind-force, the response time is very short.
The present invention also proposes a kind of Horizontal-shaft windmill group, including the foregoing Horizontal-shaft windmill of multiple stage, many Horizontal-shaft windmill described in platform uses a common generator.Preferably, the Horizontal-shaft windmill group includes having Energy-storage system before the electricity of filter action, before the electricity with filter action, energy-storage system may include gas compressor, using pipe The gas compressed by the gas compressor is concentrated on one by line, completes to generate electricity for a generator.Hereby it is achieved that multiple Wind energy conversion system shares the Wind turbine of a generator, i.e. one machine formula of multitower.
The invention further relates to a kind of traction transmission system for Horizontal-shaft windmill mentioned above, the traction biography Delivery system includes:First drag device;With the first drag device vertically upper and lower spaced apart second drag device;Institute Stating the first drag device and the second drag device includes rotatable, vertically spaced apart two tractions up and down respectively Wheel, the pivot center of described two traction sheaves is parallel to each other and described two traction sheaves are turned in the same direction with identical rotating speed It is dynamic;Continuous rope, two traction sheaves winding of the continuous rope around the first drag device bypass then and are arranged on described first and drag Multiple guide wheels between leading-in device and second drag device, then around two traction sheave volumes of second drag device Around;Counterweight, the counterweight are arranged on the port of export for leaving the first drag device of the continuous rope and enter the second drag device Arrival end between freely wind in section.By the traction transmission system, it is possible to use the constant torque of wind energy conversion system output, Correspondingly sized counterweight is selected, is made traction sheave two ends reach size approximate equilibrium, is thus made rubbing for traction transmission system steel wire rope Wipe power very little.
Description of the drawings
The specific embodiment of the present invention is elaborated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.In accompanying drawing:
The flow chart that Fig. 1 shows a kind of wind-driven generator of the prior art;
Fig. 2 shows a kind of schematic diagram of embodiment of Horizontal-shaft windmill of the invention;
Fig. 3 shows the power transmission of the dual input merging-piece-rate system when only tail vane is as input shown in Fig. 2 Path schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 shows the power transmission of the dual input merging-piece-rate system when only wind wheel is as input shown in Fig. 2 Path schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 shows that the dual input of another embodiment of Horizontal-shaft windmill when only tail vane is as input is closed And each pinion rotation direction schematic diagram of-piece-rate system and the second differential mechanism;
Fig. 6 shows the dual input merging-piece-rate system when only wind wheel is as input shown in Fig. 5 and second poor Each pinion rotation direction schematic diagram of fast device;
Fig. 7 shows a kind of schematic diagram of embodiment of Horizontal-shaft windmill group of the invention.
In various figures, identical part is presented with like reference characters.
Specific embodiment
Fig. 2 shows a kind of schematic diagram of embodiment of Horizontal-shaft windmill of the invention 1.Horizontal axial type wind Power machine 1 includes tower body 2, on the tower body 2 and can be relative to the head 3 of the rotation of the tower body 2, on head Tail vane 10, and wind wheel 9.Horizontal-shaft windmill 1 also includes:Dual input merging-piece-rate system, the dual input merging- Export at the position that piece-rate system is mechanically transferred to the mechanical energy of the wind wheel 9 in tower body 2;Pass under energy System, the energy pass down a position of the system mechanically by the dual input merging-piece-rate system in tower body Desired position is reached under the mechanical energy of place's output;Energy-storage system before electricity with filter action, it is described with filter action Before electric, energy-storage system is the energy of other forms by the mechanical energy storage that system passed down is passed down via energy, is sent out for follow-up Electricity.
Dual input merging-the piece-rate system has the bevel gear transmission 4 being arranged in the head 3 and is arranged on The first differential mechanism 5 in the tower body 2.The bevel gear transmission 4 has the first bevel gear 41 and second of horizontal positioned Bevel gear 42 and vertically place relative to the first bevel gear 41, the second bevel gear 42 and with the first bevel gear 41 and the second bevel gear 42 engagement third hand tap gear 43, axle 44 and the second bevel gear of the first bevel gear 41 42 axle 45 is coaxially disposed and the axle 45 of the second bevel gear 42 is hollow shaft, and the axle 46 of the third hand tap gear 43 connects It is bearing on machine head base to wind wheel and by bearing.First differential mechanism 5 includes the first semiaxis 51 and the second semiaxis 52, institute State the axle 44 of the first bevel gear 41 of bevel gear transmission 4 rotation be transferred to via first bevel gear transmission mechanism 6 it is described First semiaxis 51 of the first differential mechanism 5, the rotation of the axle 45 of the second bevel gear 42 of the bevel gear transmission 4 is via second Bevel gear transmission 7 is transferred to the second semiaxis 52 of first differential mechanism 5.The first bevel gear transmission mechanism 6 and institute Second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7 is stated respectively by the bevel gear 61,62 of two quadrature arrangements;71st, 72 constitute, and first cone The gearratio of gear drive 6 and the second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7 is equal.First differential mechanism 5 can use known Various differential mechanisms or differential gear.For example, in the specific embodiment shown in Fig. 2, the first differential mechanism 5 includes first 53, two semiaxis of differential casing are the first semiaxis 51 and the second semiaxis 52, and the 51 first integrally formed sun of the first semiaxis The integrally formed secondary sun wheel of gear and the second semiaxis 52, between the first central gear and secondary sun wheel simultaneously And while multiple planetary gears for being meshed with the two central gears and support these planetary pinion frames, First differential casing 53 is surrounded above-mentioned component and is integrally formed with pinion frame.The structure and principle of differential mechanism is for this It is well known for art personnel, in this not go into detail.
Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 are respectively illustrated only when tail vane is as input and only when wind wheel is as input shown in Fig. 2 Dual input merging-piece-rate system power transmission path.For clarity, the attached of all parts is omitted in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 Icon remembers that its reference may refer to Fig. 2.Bevel gear transmission 4, first bevel gear biography has been marked in figs. 3 and 4 also Motivation structure 6, the direction of rotation of each bevel gear of second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7, wherein,Represent that gear is schemed from drawing is export-oriented Rotate in paper, ⊙ represents that gear is rotated from drawing to outside drawing.Describe in detail below according to the embodiment shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 The operation principle of the dual input merging-piece-rate system of Horizontal-shaft windmill of the invention.
The common bang path of two inputs is a pair bang paths being parallel to each other.
Bang path to the first semiaxis 51 of the first differential mechanism 5 is formed by following:First bevel gear 41 and the first cone The bevel gear 61 of the horizontal positioned of gear drive 6 is connected as one by the axle 44 of first bevel gear;First bevel gear is driven First semiaxis of 5 the first central gear by the first differential mechanism 5 in the bevel gear 62 of the vertical placement of mechanism 6 and the first differential mechanism 51 connect as one, by bevel gear 61 and the first bevel gear transmission mechanism 6 of the horizontal positioned of first bevel gear transmission mechanism 6 Vertical placement bevel gear 62 engagement, formed from 41 to the first differential mechanism of first bevel gear 5 of bevel gear transmission 4 The first semiaxis 51 on the first central gear bang path.
Bang path to the second semiaxis 52 of the first differential mechanism 5 is formed by following:Second bevel gear 42 and the second cone The bevel gear 71 of the horizontal positioned of gear drive 7 is connected as one by the hollow shaft 45 of second bevel gear;Second bevel gear Secondary sun wheel in the bevel gear 72 of the vertical placement of transmission mechanism 7 and the first differential mechanism 5 by the first differential mechanism 5 second Semiaxis 52 is connected as one;By the bevel gear 71 of the horizontal positioned of second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7 and the vertical cone tooth placed The engagement of wheel 72, forms the biography of the secondary sun wheel on the second semiaxis 52 from the 42 to the first differential mechanism of second bevel gear 5 Pass path.
First input end:Wind wheel 9 and third hand tap gear 43 are connected as one by the axle 46 of third hand tap gear, by third hand tap Gear 43 is engaged with first bevel gear 41, second bevel gear 42 simultaneously, is formed first bevel gear 41, second bevel gear 42 and is turned to On the contrary, the equal motion state of rotating speed, completes the first input.
Second input:The driving machine head base of tail vane 10, the axle 46 of the third hand tap gear by being supported on machine head base, And engaged with first bevel gear 41, second bevel gear 42 by third hand tap gear 43 simultaneously, formation with third hand tap gear 43 is Shift fork is stirred first bevel gear 41, second bevel gear 42 and turns to the equal motion state of identical, rotating speed, completes the second input.
Although the first input and the second input are all by third hand tap gear 43 while driving first bevel gear 41 and second Bevel gear 42 rotates, but difference is, first is input into so that 42 rotation direction phase of first bevel gear 41 and second bevel gear Instead;And second is input into so that first bevel gear 41 is identical with 42 rotation direction of second bevel gear.It is based on this in same biography Pass in mechanism while producing and delivering two kinds of different motion states so that produce in the planet stent of the first differential mechanism 5 There are essence output and the result without essence output.
The first input is identical, the rotating speed phase of steering by two input semiaxis 51,52 of the 9 to the first differential mechanism of wind wheel 5 Deng rotation, therefore have on the pinion frame of the first differential mechanism 5 revolution essence output.Second input by tail vane 10 to It is to turn to the equal rotation of contrary, rotating speed at two input semiaxis 51,52 of the first differential mechanism 5, therefore in the first differential mechanism 5 Essence output without revolution on planet stent.
Describe in detail as follows:
Working condition one:
The power transmission of dual input merging-piece-rate system when Fig. 3 shows only tail vane wind wheel is not rotated as input Path.At this moment, can adjust the direction windward of wind wheel.
In the case, tail vane 10 drives machine head base rotation, for example, rotated with the direction shown in arrow in Fig. 3, and led to Cross the axle 46 of the third hand tap gear being supported on machine head base, by third hand tap gear 43 simultaneously with first bevel gear 41 and second Bevel gear 42 engages, and with third hand tap gear 43 as shift fork, stirs first bevel gear 41 and second bevel gear 42 and does that steering is identical, turns The equal motion of speed.For the sake of clarity, bang path, from the beginning of machine head base, is eliminated from tail vane to head bottom in figure 3 The route of seat.As shown on the solid line in figure 3, water of the rotation of the axle 44 of first bevel gear 41 via first bevel gear transmission mechanism 6 The bevel gear 61 of placing flat, the bevel gear 62 of the vertical placement of first bevel gear transmission mechanism 6, are transferred to the first differential mechanism 5 First semiaxis 51;As shown in phantom in Figure 3, the rotation of the axle 45 of second bevel gear 42 is via second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7 The bevel gear 71 of horizontal positioned, the bevel gear 72 of the vertical placement of second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7, are transferred to the first differential mechanism 5 The second semiaxis 52.
As shown in figure 3, the motion of tail vane is via two parallel bang paths (bang path shown in solid line and dotted line) It is transferred to first semiaxis 51 and the second semiaxis 52 of the first differential mechanism 5.By this two parallel bang paths so that first is poor Rotary speed at first semiaxis 51 and the second semiaxis 52 of fast device 5 is equal, in opposite direction.6 He of first bevel gear transmission mechanism The gear ratio of second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7 may be selected to be it is identical, thus in first semiaxis 51 and the second half of the first differential mechanism 5 Rotary speed size at axle 52 is identical.According to differential mechanism operation principle formula:
2n0=n1+n2
Wherein, n0Represent the rotating speed of differential casing, n1Represent the rotating speed of the first semiaxis, n2Represent the rotating speed of the second semiaxis.
Because the direction of rotation at the first semiaxis 51 and second semiaxis 52 of the first differential mechanism 5 is contrary, size is identical, also That is n1=-n2, therefore deduce that n0=0.When only tail vane as input drive head rotate and wind wheel do not rotate when, the Zero is output as at one differential casing 53, i.e., essence is not exported.
Working condition two:
Dual input merging-piece-rate system when Fig. 4 shows only wind wheel tail vane does not drive head to rotate as input Power transfer path.Now, wind wheel rotates under the action of the forces of the wind, and head is remained stationary.When wind wheel rotate, for example with Direction in Fig. 4 shown in arrow rotates, and which drives the third hand tap gear 43 of bevel gear transmission 4 to rotate.Such as solid line institute in Fig. 4 The path for showing, the rotation of third hand tap gear 43 axle 44, first bevel gear driver via first bevel gear 41, first bevel gear The bevel gear 61 of the horizontal positioned of structure 6, the bevel gear 62 of the vertical placement of first bevel gear transmission mechanism 6, are transferred to the first difference First semiaxis 51 of fast device 5;As shown in phantom in Figure 4, the rotation of third hand tap gear 43 is via second bevel gear 42, second simultaneously The axle 45 of bevel gear 42, the bevel gear 71 of the horizontal positioned of second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7, second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7 The bevel gear 72 vertically placed, is transferred to the second semiaxis 52 of the first differential mechanism 5.
As shown in figure 4, the rotation of wind wheel is via two parallel bang paths (dotted line and bang path shown in solid) It is transferred to first semiaxis 51 and the second semiaxis 52 of the first differential mechanism 5.By this two parallel bang paths, in the first differential First semiaxis 51 of device 5 is identical with the rotary speed direction at the second semiaxis 52.In addition, as described above, first bevel gear transmission The gear ratio of mechanism 6 and second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7 may be selected to be it is identical, thus in the first semiaxis 51 of the first differential mechanism 5 It is identical with the rotary speed size at the second semiaxis 52.
According to differential mechanism operation principle formula 2n0=n1+n2, it can be deduced that n0=n1=n2.When only wind wheel is rotated as defeated Enter end to rotate and tail vane when not driving head to rotate, the first differential casing 53 rotates, and has substantive output herein.
Working condition three:
In practice, wind-force drive wind wheel rotation and tail vane drive head rotating be can be simultaneous, for example, in wind-force When driving wind wheel to rotate, yaw system such as tail vane adjusts the direction of head simultaneously, makes wind wheel all the time in state windward.Now, Two kinds of motion states as described in situation one, situation two are present simultaneously, and two kinds of motion states are superimposed, but which has no effect on situation Essence transmission result described in two.Thus, two inputs, an output are realized using same mechanism, the input of tail vane is the Zero is output as at one differential casing, the input of only wind wheel causes the essence output at the first differential casing.
Here, first bevel gear can certainly be replaced to be driven using the gearratio identical transmission mechanism of other structures Mechanism and second bevel gear transmission mechanism.
Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 respectively illustrate the horizontal axial type wind when only tail vane is used as input, when only wind wheel is as input The rotation direction of each gear of the dual input merging-piece-rate system and the second differential mechanism of another embodiment of power machine is illustrated Figure.For clarity, the reference with identical all parts in Fig. 2 is omitted in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6.Wherein,Represent tooth Wheel is rotated from drawing extroversion drawing, and ⊙ represents that gear is rotated from drawing to outside drawing.
In the embodiment shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the dual input merging-piece-rate system also includes the second differential mechanism 5 '. First semiaxis 51 of first differential mechanism 5 is by the first central gear on the first semiaxis 51, the first bevel gear driver The bevel gear 62 of the vertical arrangement of structure 6, the first central gear of second differential mechanism 5 ' are connected as one.The second cone tooth The axle 74 of the bevel gear 73 of another vertical arrangement of wheel drive mechanism 7 by the second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7 it is another vertically The bevel gear 73 of arrangement is connected as one with the secondary sun wheel of second differential mechanism 5 '.Axle 74 is hollow shaft and with the One semiaxis 51 is coaxially arranged.The bevel gear 73 of another vertical arrangement of the second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7 and the described second cone 72 number of teeth of bevel gear of the vertical arrangement of gear drive 7 is equal, thus from the axle of first bevel gear 41, first bevel gear 44th, the horizontally disposed bevel gear 61 of first bevel gear transmission mechanism 6, the bevel gear 62, first of vertical arrangement for engaging The gearratio of the first central gear of 51 to the second differential mechanism 5 ' of semiaxis is equal to from the hollow of second bevel gear 42, second bevel gear Axle 45, the horizontally disposed bevel gear 71 of second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7, the bevel gear of another vertical arrangement for engaging 73rd, the gearratio of the secondary sun wheel of 74 to the second differential mechanism 5 ' of axle is identical.
As shown in Figure 5, tail vane 10 drives machine head base rotation, for example, rotated with the direction shown in arrow in Fig. 5, and led to Cross the axle 46 of the third hand tap gear being supported on machine head base, by third hand tap gear 43 simultaneously with first bevel gear 41 and second Bevel gear 42 engages, and with third hand tap gear 43 as shift fork, stirs first bevel gear 41 and second bevel gear 42 and does that steering is identical, turns The equal motion of speed.Cone tooth of the rotation of the axle 44 of first bevel gear 41 via the horizontal positioned of first bevel gear transmission mechanism 6 The wheel 61, bevel gear 62 of the vertical placement of first bevel gear transmission mechanism 6, the first semiaxis 51 of the first differential mechanism 5 are transferred to the First central gear of two differential mechanisms 5 ';Water of the rotation of the axle 45 of second bevel gear 42 via second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7 The bevel gear 71 of placing flat, the bevel gear 73 of another vertical placement of second bevel gear transmission mechanism 7, its axle 74 are transferred to second The secondary sun wheel of differential mechanism 5 '.As shown in figure 5, by this two parallel bang paths so that the second differential mechanism 5 ' First central gear is identical with the rotary speed direction at secondary sun wheel (for first semiaxis and second of the second differential mechanism Semiaxis is same).And, as described above, the ratio selection of two bang paths is identical, thus in the second differential mechanism 5 ' The first central gear it is identical with the rotary speed size at secondary sun wheel.According to differential mechanism operation principle formula 2n0=n1 +n2, it can be deduced that n0=n1=n2.When wind wheel is not rotated as carry input terminal motivation head base rotation for only tail vane, second is poor The differential casing rotation of fast device 5 ', has substantive output herein.
As shown in fig. 6, wind wheel is rotated through two parallel bang paths so that first sun of the second differential mechanism 5 ' Rotary speed at gear and secondary sun wheel is in opposite direction (same for first semiaxis and the second semiaxis of the second differential mechanism So).In addition, as described above, via the ratio selection of two bang paths for identical, thus the of the second differential mechanism 5 ' One central gear is identical with the rotary speed size at secondary sun wheel.That is n1=-n2, according to differential mechanism operation principle formula 2n0=n1+n2N can be drawn0=0.When only wind wheel as input rotate and tail vane do not drive head to rotate when, it is poor second Zero is output as at 5 ' housing of fast device, i.e., essence is not exported.
Preferably, a motor can be set, for driving the housing rotation of the second differential mechanism 5 '.Here, via with root According to the contrary path in the path described in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the rotation of 5 ' housing of the second differential mechanism causes the rotation of machine head base, but Without substantive output at wind wheel.In the case, the motor can be used for adjusting direction windward as yaw motor.
Additionally, as shown in Fig. 2 the Horizontal-shaft windmill 1 also includes passing system under energy, energy in the present embodiment Lower biography system is embodied as traction transmission system 8, and the traction transmission system includes:First drag device 81;Fill with the first traction Put vertically upper and lower spaced apart second drag device 82;82 points of first drag device 81 and the second drag device Not Bao Kuo rotatably, vertically upper and lower spaced apart two traction sheaves, the pivot center of described two traction sheaves that This parallel and described two traction sheave is turned in the same direction with identical rotating speed, in the present embodiment, the first drag device 81 by two size identical gears and the idle pulley between the two gears realize two traction sheaves 811,812 with Identical rotating speed is turned in the same direction;Continuous rope 83, two traction sheaves of the continuous rope 83 around the first drag device 81 811st, 812 winding, was wound by continuous rope as an entirety in this two traction sheave 811,812, and continuous rope is bypassed and set then The multiple guide wheels 85 between first drag device 81 and second drag device 82 are put, then around second traction Two traction sheaves 821,822 of device 82 wind, here similarly two traction sheaves 821,822 as an entirety by continuous rope Wound;Counterweight 84, the counterweight are arranged on the port of export A for leaving the first drag device 81 of the continuous rope 83 and enter Freely winding in section between the arrival end E of two drag devices 82.As shown in Fig. 2 one of traction of the first drag device Take turns as the first differential casing 53.
Above-mentioned traction transmission system 8 can arrange many sets, to provide higher security and functional reliability, in fig. 2 A set of traction transmission system is illustrate only for the reason for clarity.
The Horizontal-shaft windmill 1 shown in Fig. 2 also includes energy-storage system before the electricity with filter action, and which includes Multiple stage has the gas compressor 12, refrigerating plant of pressure-bearing gas tank 13, Gas controller 14, turbine 15 etc., the gas pressure Contracting machine 12 is connected with the output end of the traction transmission system by a clutch 11 respectively, the transmission of traction in the present embodiment The output end of system be engaged in it is little between two gears being connected with two traction sheaves 821,822 of the second drag device 82 Gear 823.The gas compressor will be converted into compressed gas energy via the mechanical energy of traction transmission system going down, storage In pressure-bearing gas tank 13.The gas compressor is prepared by the order of magnitude using " 1225 ", for example, be provided with one in kw of power level The gas compressor of platform 10kw, two 20kw and 50kw, is provided with 100kw, a Liang Tai in hundred kw of power levels The gas compressor of 200kw and 500kw.Gas controller 14, such as valve gear, control pressure-bearing gas tank beat on an off Close, discharge compressed gas, drive turbine 15 to rotate, and drive generator 16 to generate electricity.Energy-storage system and generator before the electricity It can be arranged in tower body as shown in Figure 2, naturally it is also possible to be arranged on outside tower body.
In the present invention, before electricity, energy-storage system is not mandatory required.Traction transmission system output end (i.e. positioned at The axle of the little gear 823 between two gears of the connection of two traction sheaves 821,822 of the second drag device 82) directly can drive Dynamic generator is rotated and is generated electricity.
Fig. 7 shows a kind of schematic diagram of embodiment of Horizontal-shaft windmill group of the invention, and which includes many Platform has the Horizontal-shaft windmill of energy-storage system before electricity, and each Horizontal-shaft windmill is respectively provided with gas compressor and for storing up The pressure-bearing gas tank of compressed gas is deposited, one will be concentrated on by the compressed gas stored in pressure-bearing gas tank using pipeline, there is provided to one Platform generator completes to generate electricity.
Specific description has been carried out to the present invention above with reference to accompanying drawing.It will be understood, however, to one skilled in the art, that above Specific descriptions be merely illustrative matter, for illustrative purposes, be not for limiting the scope of the invention.This The protection domain of invention is limited only by the accompanying claims.Have benefited from the teachings of the present invention, those skilled in the art are not Various modifications, modification can be made in the case of the scope of the present invention as the case may be to the present invention or replaced, These modifications, modification or replacement fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (18)

1. a kind of Horizontal-shaft windmill (1), including tower body (2), on the tower body (2) and can be relative to the tower The head (3) that body (2) rotates, the tail vane (10) on head, and wind wheel (9),
Characterized in that, the Horizontal-shaft windmill (1) also includes dual input merging-piece-rate system, the dual input merges- Piece-rate system has the bevel gear transmission (4) being arranged in the head (3) and be arranged in the tower body (2) first Differential mechanism (5),
First bevel gear of the bevel gear transmission (4) with horizontal positioned (41) and second bevel gear (42) and relative In the first bevel gear (41), the second bevel gear (42) vertically place and with the first bevel gear (41) and described the The third hand tap gear (43) that two bevel gears (42) engage, the axle (44) and the second bevel gear of the first bevel gear (41) (42) axle (45) is coaxially disposed and the axle (45) of the second bevel gear (42) is hollow shaft, the third hand tap gear (43) Axle (46) be connected to wind wheel and be bearing on machine head base by bearing,
First differential mechanism (5) includes the first semiaxis (51) and the second semiaxis (52), the of the bevel gear transmission (4) The rotation of the axle (44) of one bevel gear (41) is either directly or indirectly transferred to the first semiaxis of first differential mechanism (5) (51), the rotation of the axle (45) of the second bevel gear (42) of the bevel gear transmission (4) is directly or indirectly transferred to Second semiaxis (52) of first differential mechanism (5),
Wherein, wind wheel merges the-first input end of piece-rate system as the dual input, can drive the third hand tap gear (43) axle (46) is rotated around its horizontal axis,
Wherein, the tail vane merges-the second input of piece-rate system as the dual input, and machine head base can be driven to turn Axle (46) that is dynamic, driving then the third hand tap gear being supported on machine head base is rotated around the vertical axis of wind energy conversion system,
Wherein, when only described wind wheel is input into, first differential mechanism (5) is caused via the dual input merging-piece-rate system The first semiaxis (51) is equal in magnitude with the rotating speed at the second semiaxis (52) place, direction is identical,
When only described tail vane is input into, the first of first differential mechanism (5) is caused via the dual input merging-piece-rate system The rotating speed at semiaxis (51) and the second semiaxis (52) place is equal in magnitude, in opposite direction,
When the wind wheel and the tail vane are input into simultaneously, move via the dual input merging-piece-rate system superimposed.
2. Horizontal-shaft windmill (1) according to claim 1, it is characterised in that first differential mechanism (5) is arranged on In the tower body (2), near the predetermined height of the head (1).
3. Horizontal-shaft windmill (1) according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the bevel gear transmission (4) The axle (44) of first bevel gear (41) is rotated through the first semiaxis that the first transmission mechanism is transferred to first differential mechanism (5) (51), second transmission mechanism that is rotated through of the axle (45) of the second bevel gear (42) of the bevel gear transmission (4) is transmitted To the gearratio of second semiaxis (52) of first differential mechanism (5), first transmission mechanism and second transmission mechanism It is equal.
4. Horizontal-shaft windmill (1) according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the axle of the first bevel gear (41) (44) rotation is transferred to first semiaxis (51) of first differential mechanism (5) via first bevel gear transmission mechanism (6), described The rotation of the axle (45) of second bevel gear (42) is transferred to first differential mechanism (5) via second bevel gear transmission mechanism (7) The second semiaxis (52),
Wherein, the first bevel gear transmission mechanism (6) and the second bevel gear transmission mechanism (7) are respectively by two orthogonal cloth The bevel gear put is constituted,
The axle (44) of the first bevel gear (41) is by the first bevel gear (41) and the first bevel gear transmission mechanism (6) Horizontally disposed bevel gear (61) connect as one, first semiaxis (51) of first differential mechanism (5) is by the first semiaxis Central gear connect as one with the bevel gear (62) of the vertical arrangement of the first bevel gear transmission mechanism (6),
The axle (45) of the second bevel gear (42) is by the second bevel gear (42) and the second bevel gear transmission mechanism (7) Horizontally disposed bevel gear (71) connect as one, second semiaxis (52) of first differential mechanism (5) is by described the second half Central gear on axle is connected as one with the bevel gear (72) of the vertical arrangement of the second bevel gear transmission mechanism (7), and And
The gearratio of the first bevel gear transmission mechanism and the second bevel gear transmission mechanism is equal.
5. Horizontal-shaft windmill (1) according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the second bevel gear transmission mechanism (7) bevel gear (73) also including another vertical arrangement, the dual input merging-piece-rate system also include the second differential mechanism Central gear on first semiaxis, the first bevel gear are driven by (5 '), first semiaxis (51) of first differential mechanism (5) The bevel gear (62) of the vertical arrangement of mechanism (6), a central gear of second differential mechanism are connected as one, and described second The axle of the bevel gear (73) of another vertical arrangement of bevel gear transmission (7) is by the second bevel gear transmission mechanism (7) The bevel gear of another vertical arrangement is connected as one with another central gear of second differential mechanism, wherein, second cone Another vertical cloth of the bevel gear (72) of the vertical arrangement of gear drive (7) and the second bevel gear transmission mechanism (7) Bevel gear (73) number of teeth put is equal.
6. Horizontal-shaft windmill (1) according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the Horizontal-shaft windmill (1) is also Including system is passed under energy, the energy passes down system by the first differential mechanism (5) in the dual input merging-piece-rate system Desired position is reached under the mechanical energy of housing (53) place output.
7. Horizontal-shaft windmill (1) according to claim 6, it is characterised in that system is passed under the energy for traction Transmission system (8), the traction transmission system (8) include:
First drag device (81);
With the first drag device (81) vertically upper and lower spaced apart second drag device (82);
First drag device (81) and second drag device (82) include rotatable, vertically upper and lower respectively Spaced apart two traction sheaves (811,812;821st, 822), described two traction sheaves (811,812;821st, rotary shaft 822) Line is parallel to each other and described two traction sheaves (811,812;821st, 822) turned in the same direction with identical rotating speed;
Continuous rope (83), the continuous rope are wound around two traction sheaves (811,812) of first drag device (81), after And the multiple guide wheels (85) being arranged between first drag device (81) and second drag device (82) are bypassed, then enclose Two traction sheaves (821,822) around second drag device wind;
Counterweight (84), the counterweight are arranged on the port of export for leaving first drag device (81) of the continuous rope (83) (A) and into freely winding in section between the arrival end (E) of second drag device.
8. Horizontal-shaft windmill (1) according to claim 7, it is characterised in that first drag device (81) Housing (53) of one of two traction sheaves (811,812) for first differential mechanism (5).
9. Horizontal-shaft windmill (1) according to claim 7, it is characterised in that second drag device (82) sets Put in Near Ground.
10. Horizontal-shaft windmill (1) according to claim 7, it is characterised in that be provided with multiple tractions transmission systems System (8).
11. Horizontal-shaft windmills (1) according to any one of claim 6 to 10, it is characterised in that generator is direct It is connected with system is passed under the energy.
12. Horizontal-shaft windmills (1) according to any one of claim 6 to 10, it is characterised in that the trunnion axis Formula wind energy conversion system (1) also includes energy-storage system before the electricity with filter action, and before the electricity with filter action, energy-storage system connects Be connected under energy and pass between system and generator, and be other shapes by the mechanical energy storage that system passed down being passed down via the energy The energy of formula is for follow-up generating.
13. Horizontal-shaft windmills (1) according to claim 12, it is characterised in that the electricity with filter action Front energy-storage system includes that multiple stage has the gas compressor (12) of pressure-bearing gas tank (13), and the gas compressor passes through clutch respectively The output end that device (11) passes down system with the energy is connected, and the energy is passed down the gas compressor (12) machine of system Tool can be converted into the compressed gas energy being stored in pressure-bearing gas tank (13).
14. Horizontal-shaft windmills (1) according to claim 13, it is characterised in that the pressure-bearing gas tank (13) is respectively The turbine (15) for driving generator (16) to generate electricity is connected to by gas control equipment (14).
15. Horizontal-shaft windmills (1) according to claim 13, it is characterised in that be provided with one in kw of power level The gas compressor of platform 10kw, two 20kw and 50kw, is provided with 100kw, a Liang Tai in hundred kw of power levels The gas compressor of 200kw and 500kw.
A kind of 16. Horizontal-shaft windmill groups, including multiple stage horizontal axis wind for example in any one of the preceding claims wherein Machine (1), Horizontal-shaft windmill described in multiple stage use a common generator.
17. Horizontal-shaft windmill groups according to claim 16, it is characterised in that the Horizontal-shaft windmill includes Energy-storage system before electricity with filter action, before the electricity with filter action, energy-storage system includes multiple stage gas compressor, The gas compressed by the gas compressor is concentrated on into one using pipeline, completes to generate electricity for a generator.
A kind of 18. traction transmission systems of the Horizontal-shaft windmill (1) for according to any one of claim 1 to 15 (8), it is characterised in that the traction transmission system (8) includes:
First drag device (81);
With the first drag device (81) vertically upper and lower spaced apart second drag device (82);
First drag device (81) and second drag device (82) include rotatable, vertically upper and lower respectively Spaced apart two traction sheaves (811,812;821st, 822), described two traction sheaves (811,812;821st, rotary shaft 822) Line is parallel to each other and described two traction sheaves (811,812;821st, 822) turned in the same direction with identical rotating speed;
Continuous rope (83), the continuous rope are wound around two traction sheaves (811,812) of first drag device (81), after And the multiple guide wheels (85) being arranged between first drag device (81) and second drag device (82) are bypassed, then enclose Two traction sheaves (821,822) around second drag device wind;
Counterweight (84), the counterweight are arranged on the port of export for leaving first drag device (81) of the continuous rope (83) (A) and into freely winding in section between the arrival end (E) of second drag device.
CN201611012429.8A 2016-09-13 2016-11-17 Horizontal shaft type wind turbine, wind turbine set and traction transmission system Active CN106523265B (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610822961X 2016-09-13
CN201610822961.XA CN106194574A (en) 2016-09-13 2016-09-13 Horizontal-shaft windmill, Wind turbine and the traction system of accumulation of energy filtering before electricity

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106523265A true CN106523265A (en) 2017-03-22
CN106523265B CN106523265B (en) 2020-09-15

Family

ID=58066836

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610822961.XA Pending CN106194574A (en) 2016-09-13 2016-09-13 Horizontal-shaft windmill, Wind turbine and the traction system of accumulation of energy filtering before electricity
CN201611012429.8A Active CN106523265B (en) 2016-09-13 2016-11-17 Horizontal shaft type wind turbine, wind turbine set and traction transmission system

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610822961.XA Pending CN106194574A (en) 2016-09-13 2016-09-13 Horizontal-shaft windmill, Wind turbine and the traction system of accumulation of energy filtering before electricity

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (2) CN106194574A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3633189A1 (en) * 2018-10-04 2020-04-08 Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology Kinetic energy harvesting mechanism
CN111102127A (en) * 2018-10-26 2020-05-05 南台学校财团法人南台科技大学 Kinetic energy capturing mechanism

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110296037B (en) * 2019-06-26 2022-01-04 李楠楠 Double-layer generator and wind power generation platform
CN110513249B (en) * 2019-09-06 2020-12-25 杭州德飙新能源科技有限公司 Self-adaptive variable-speed wind power generation system

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101000037A (en) * 2006-12-21 2007-07-18 王新民 Windpower generating apparatus
CN101029628A (en) * 2007-04-05 2007-09-05 王刚 Double-sided impleller wind-force generator of orthogonal horizontal speed-differential cocurrent rotation
KR20090092566A (en) * 2008-02-27 2009-09-01 황기호 Multy blade and body big-wind power generator
US7828686B2 (en) * 2009-03-19 2010-11-09 General Electric Company Yaw assembly for a rotatable system and method of assembling the same
CN202228282U (en) * 2011-07-27 2012-05-23 高则行 Energy storage unit and energy storage system
CN103758709A (en) * 2013-04-07 2014-04-30 邓世平 Wind generator

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101000037A (en) * 2006-12-21 2007-07-18 王新民 Windpower generating apparatus
CN101029628A (en) * 2007-04-05 2007-09-05 王刚 Double-sided impleller wind-force generator of orthogonal horizontal speed-differential cocurrent rotation
KR20090092566A (en) * 2008-02-27 2009-09-01 황기호 Multy blade and body big-wind power generator
US7828686B2 (en) * 2009-03-19 2010-11-09 General Electric Company Yaw assembly for a rotatable system and method of assembling the same
CN202228282U (en) * 2011-07-27 2012-05-23 高则行 Energy storage unit and energy storage system
CN103758709A (en) * 2013-04-07 2014-04-30 邓世平 Wind generator

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3633189A1 (en) * 2018-10-04 2020-04-08 Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology Kinetic energy harvesting mechanism
US10989167B2 (en) 2018-10-04 2021-04-27 Southern Taiwan University Of Science And Technology Kinetic energy harvesting mechanism
CN111102127A (en) * 2018-10-26 2020-05-05 南台学校财团法人南台科技大学 Kinetic energy capturing mechanism

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106523265B (en) 2020-09-15
CN106194574A (en) 2016-12-07

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106523265A (en) Horizontal shaft type wind turbine and wind power unit and traction transmission system
CN101555871B (en) Variable pitch and variable speed wind generating set
WO2008064560A1 (en) Multi-stage wind power generation system with load-bearing frames
US20100244447A1 (en) Continuously Variable Transmission Ratio Device with Optimized Primary Path Power Flow
CN102966336A (en) Wind direct-driven oil pumping unit
CN2802116Y (en) Frame-type multistage wind turbine
CN108825436A (en) With the blower fan power generation system and its control method for storing gravitional force function
CN201541175U (en) Natural power generating equipment and generator set
CN202789356U (en) Energy storing device capable of utilizing gravitational potential energy to store and release electricity
CN101514677B (en) Vertical wind driven generator
CN201381944Y (en) Wind power generation variable propeller reduction gear box
CN102439289A (en) Wind generating device
CN102141013A (en) Hydraulic constant-rotation speed output speed increaser for wind driven generating system
CN201226504Y (en) Variable-speed constant-frequency wind power generation system based on dual rotors generator
JP4480051B1 (en) A hybrid power generator connected to a gravity power generator using a balance having a pressure load device.
CN101550917B (en) Vertical wind power generator
CN102025220B (en) Natural force power generation equipment and generator set
CN102418674B (en) Energy storage wind driven power generation device
CN100373051C (en) Wind and electricity hybrid driving method and apparatus for sucker rod pump
CN202370757U (en) Energy-storage wind power generating set
CN104265575A (en) Magnetic driving variable-speed control type wind power generator set and maximum wind energy capture method thereof
WO2022011267A2 (en) Windmill electrical power system and torque enhanced transmission
CN202990984U (en) Wind power direct drive oil pumping unit
CN102817787A (en) Fan blade driving device of photovoltaic electric generator
CN203035463U (en) Maintenance replace device of pitch system parts and wind generating set

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20191129

Address after: 301712 No. 8 Minwang Road, Jingbin Industrial Park, Wuqing District, Tianjin

Applicant after: Yuanchuangli (Tianjin) Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Applicant after: Gao Zexing

Address before: 101102, Beijing, Tongzhou District pony Town West shop around the island (Guanghua Industrial Park)

Applicant before: Beijing Peng Sheng Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Applicant before: Yangquan sanding Technology Co. Ltd.

TA01 Transfer of patent application right
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant