CN202990984U - Wind power direct drive oil pumping unit - Google Patents

Wind power direct drive oil pumping unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202990984U
CN202990984U CN2012206960010U CN201220696001U CN202990984U CN 202990984 U CN202990984 U CN 202990984U CN 2012206960010 U CN2012206960010 U CN 2012206960010U CN 201220696001 U CN201220696001 U CN 201220696001U CN 202990984 U CN202990984 U CN 202990984U
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drive
energy
drum
power transmission
clutch
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CN2012206960010U
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Chinese (zh)
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邱永安
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邱永安
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction

Abstract

The utility model discloses a wind power direct drive oil pumping unit which comprises a motor, a control device, a rotation spindle, blades, a hoisting drum, a drum transmission wheel, an energy regulation flywheel, a power generator, a speed changer, and an energy feedback device, wherein the blades are fixedly connected with the rotation spindle; the hoisting drum is used for raising and lowering a sucker rod; the rotation spindle is sleeved with the hoisting drum; clutches are arranged between the rotation spindle and the hoisting drum and used for separating or connect the rotation spindle from or with the hoisting drum; and the drum transmission wheel and the hoisting drum are fixedly connected into a whole. The wind power direct drive oil pumping unit is simple in structure, low in cost and energy consumption, high in efficiency and low in failure rate, operates steadily, has no pollution to a power grid, and efficiently utilizes wind energy, and main performance indices of the oil pumping unit are improved.

Description

The wind power direct drive pumping unit
Technical field
The utility model relates to the oil field equipment technical field, relates in particular a kind of wind power direct drive pumping unit.
Background technology
The operating principle of sucker rod pumping machine, to utilize sucker rod to move both vertically up and down oil is released from oil well, existing sucker rod pumping machine, generally all comprise reducer, balance sysmte, reversing arrangement and various mechanical driving device, its energy transfer way is: motor-belt pulley-reducer-balance sysmte-reversing arrangement-various mechanical driving devices etc., transmission link is many, and energy consumption is high, and waste is serious.these oil pumpers are in work, inhomogeneous because its design feature makes its work done, in oil pumper up-down stroke process, the energy variation that sucker rod needs is huge, and the power output of motor must be corresponding with sucker rod motion power demand, specifically, the power of motor must satisfy the peak power in the up-down stroke process, therefore, its installed capacity is large, general all more than the mean power several times over actual needs, what have reaches more than seven times, simultaneously, characteristic due to motor start-up, impact very large to electrical network, cause the severe contamination of electrical network.Notice of authorization number is that the Chinese utility model patent on November 28th, 2007 discloses a kind of this type of oil pumper for CN200982182Y, the day for announcing.
The energy transfer way of existing wind generator system, under the condition of grid type wind-powered electricity generation be: wind energy-speed changer-generator-controller-current transformer-electrical network-load under the condition of net type wind-powered electricity generation is being: wind energy-speed changer-generator-controller-battery-inverter-load.The wind energy of having caught is fallen a large portion by autophage in the too many levels transmittance process, device efficiency is on the low side; Because electric current can only flow from high voltage to low-voltage, existing wind-powered electricity generation is when wind speed 3-4m/s, and its generator output voltage can not utilize although generate electricity lower than electrical network or battery tension, and is on the low side to utilizing of wind energy; Due to the unstability of wind-force, make its output current and spread of voltage, wind power equipment self is produced great impact, increased technical difficulty and fault rate, reduced reliability.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is for the deficiencies in the prior art part, a kind of wind power direct drive pumping unit is provided, it is simple in structure, with low cost, volume is little, lightweight, the motor installed capacity is little, energy consumption is low, efficient is high, operate steadily, failure rate is low, electrical network is not almost polluted, realized simultaneously the efficient utilization to wind energy.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution of the utility model is as follows: the wind power direct drive pumping unit, comprise motor, control device, and also comprise rotary main shaft;
Fan blade; Described fan blade is fixedly connected with described rotary main shaft;
Hoisting drum is used for the lifting sucker rod, and described hoisting drum is sleeved on described rotary main shaft, and described rotary main shaft and described hoisting drum are realized clutch by clutch;
The drum drive wheel, described drum drive wheel is fixedly connected with in aggregates with described hoisting drum;
The energy adjustment flywheel;
Speed changer, the low speed end of described speed changer is connected with described rotary main shaft, and speed end is connected with described energy adjustment flywheel;
The energy back device, energy when being used for described sucker rod is descended passes to described energy adjustment flywheel by speed changer, the energy storage with the speedup rotation that realizes described energy adjustment flywheel, the energy of described energy adjustment flywheel can pass to described hoisting drum when described hoisting drum promotes described sucker rod, be used for promoting sucker rod;
Generator, described generator be connected the speed end of speed changer and connect.
energy-conservation, when the theory of environmental protection is goed deep into each corner of society, how energy-conservation, environmental protection, very important for oil pumper, and wind energy is as a kind of pollution-free, renewable, the inexhaustible energy, can be used on oil pumper fully, wind power direct drive pumping unit of the present utility model, drive the rotary main shaft rotation by fan blade, because rotary main shaft is connected the low speed end and is connected with speed changer, the energy adjustment flywheel is connected speed end and is connected with speed changer, can be at wind speed 3-4m/s, in the time of even lower, wind energy is utilized, in oil pumper work, the potential energy of sucker rod during its down stroke, pass to the energy adjustment flywheel by the energy back device, the rotating speed that the energy adjustment flywheel is the energy adjustment flywheel with these Conversion of Energies increases, thereby energy storage is got up, simultaneously, speed when the energy back device can also be controlled the sucker rod down stroke, make its down stroke very steady, reduce to impact, when sucker rod carries out upstroke, utilize the rotational energy of energy adjustment flywheel to drive the sucker rod rising, realize that energy discharges, like this, the instant consumed power the when power output of motor just needn't rise with sucker rod is corresponding, therefore, the power of motor almost can be near theoretical minimum value, thereby make motor installed capacity decrease, power stage is more steady, reduced to electrical network impact, significantly lower pollution to electrical network.In addition, the members such as the not existing requisite balance sysmte of oil pumper of oil pumper of the present utility model, four connecting rods, it is simple in structure, and volume and weight all significantly reduce, and reliability increases substantially.Simultaneously, at first oil pumper of the present utility model, has realized the efficient utilization to wind energy, not only can work when wind speed is higher, and at wind speed 3-4m/s, in the time of even lower, also can utilize wind energy, can not cause waste; Secondly, the intermediate link between from the wind energy to the load is few, consumes few; When wind speed is higher, when surpassing oil pumper self and need, can also change the wind energy of affluence into electric energy by generator.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the present utility model, described energy back device comprises power transmission shaft and is arranged on the first drive and the second drive on described power transmission shaft, described the first drive or described the second drive are connected with described power transmission shaft by the energy back clutch, and described the first drive and described drum drive wheel are a pair of gear that is meshed; Described the second drive is connected with described speed changer.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the present utility model, described energy back device comprises rotating shaft, the first drive and the second drive, described rotating shaft is connected with the second drive by the energy back clutch, described the first drive, the second drive and described drum drive wheel are gear, described the first drive is between described drum drive wheel and described the second drive, and simultaneously and described drum drive is taken turns and described the second drive is meshed, described the second drive is connected with described speed changer.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the present utility model, described energy back device comprises power transmission shaft and the first drive, described power transmission shaft is connected with the first drive by the energy back clutch, and described the first drive is connected with described drum drive wheel by driving-belt.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the present utility model, described energy back device comprises the transition wheel that power transmission shaft is fixedly connected with described rotary main shaft and is arranged on the first drive and the second drive on described power transmission shaft, described the first drive or described the second drive are connected with described power transmission shaft by the energy back clutch, and described the first drive and described drum drive wheel are a pair of gear that is meshed; Described the second drive by driving-belt be connected transition wheel and connect.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the present utility model, described energy back device comprises the transition wheel that power transmission shaft is fixedly connected with described rotary main shaft and is arranged on the first drive and the second drive on described power transmission shaft, described the first drive or described the second drive are connected with described power transmission shaft by the energy back clutch, and described the second drive and described transition wheel are a pair of gear that is meshed; Described the first drive by driving-belt be connected drum drive wheel and connect.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the present utility model, described energy back device comprises the transition wheel that power transmission shaft is fixedly connected with described rotary main shaft and is arranged on the first drive and the second drive on described power transmission shaft, described the first drive or described the second drive are connected with described power transmission shaft by the energy back clutch, described the first drive, the second drive and described drum drive wheel are gear, described the first drive and described drum drive wheel are meshed, described transition wheel is provided with internal tooth, and described the second drive and described internal tooth are meshed.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the present utility model, described motor output shaft is equipped with motor gear by motor clutch, and described motor gear and described internal tooth are meshed; Or, described motor output shaft by motor clutch be connected speed changer and connect.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the present utility model, described energy back clutch is freewheel clutch.
The selection of energy back clutch can be adopted the clutch of mechanical system, for example, whole clutch is divided into fixed part and sliding part, can engage each other, utilizes oil cylinder or cylinder etc. to promote sliding part, makes sliding part and fixed part engage; And the employing freewheel clutch makes whole energy back apparatus structure simpler, can directly purchase standard component.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the present utility model, the energy when described sucker rod descends passes to described energy adjustment flywheel by described energy back device through speed changer, realizes the speedup rotation of described energy adjustment flywheel; Or the energy when described sucker rod descends, rotates with the speedup that realizes described energy adjustment flywheel through passing to described energy adjustment flywheel through speed changer again after rotary main shaft by described energy back device.
The energy back device is as the vitals in the utility model, energy when it can descend sucker rod passes to the energy adjustment flywheel, be converted into the speedup rotation of energy adjustment flywheel, realize stored energy, minimizing transmission link that therefore will be the least possible is raised the efficiency, reduce fault rate, two kinds of above-mentioned transfer modes, in the middle of it, link is few, and efficient is high.
The utility model beneficial effect is:
1, simple in structure, efficient is high, the motor installed capacity is little, and is pollution-free to electrical network, failure rate is low, reliability is high;
2, realized efficient utilization to wind energy, the intermediate transfer link is few, operate steadily, without impact, and, even when wind speed is lower, also can realize the utilization to wind energy, when wind speed is higher, the wind energy that exceeds needs can be used for the generator generating, and overcome the defective that the wind energy unstable characteristic causes, can not affect because of the variation of wind speed the even running of oil pumper;
3, whole Pumping Unit is significantly simplified, and has saved a large amount of steel, has reduced cost, has increased competitiveness, and its volume is little, is convenient to transportation, installs, and can adopt shell that whole oil pumper is protected, and has improved its degree of protection;
4, strong adaptability not only can be used for conventional oil well, also can be used for thickened oil recovery; Can be used for land and recover the oil, also can be used for offshore oil production;
5, realized the efficient good combination of utilizing of energy-saving and emission-reduction and wind energy, both utilized efficiently wind energy, energy used when can reduce again oil pumper work.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described further:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 2;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 3;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 4;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 5;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 6;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 7.
In figure:
The 1-motor; The 2-rotary main shaft; The 3-fan blade; The 4-hoisting drum; The 5-clutch; 6-drum drive wheel; 7-energy adjustment flywheel, the 8-speed changer; 9-energy back device; The 901-power transmission shaft, 902-transition wheel, 902a-internal tooth, 903-the first drive, 904-the second drive, 905-energy back clutch, 906-driving-belt; The 10-generator; The 11-generator clutch; The 12-motor clutch; The 13-motor gear, the 14-control device.
The specific embodiment
The following stated is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not that scope of the present invention is limited.
Embodiment 1, sees accompanying drawing 1, and the wind power direct drive pumping unit comprises motor 1, control device 14, also comprises rotary main shaft 2; Fan blade 3; Hoisting drum 4, drum drive wheel 6; Energy adjustment flywheel 7; Speed changer 8; Energy back device 9; Generator 10; Control device 14 comprises PLC controller, position switch, connection cable etc., be used for the action of whole oil pumper is controlled, motor 1 can adopt common motor, also can adopt adjustable frequency motor, rotary main shaft 2 is an integral shaft, certainly, can be also that a plurality of split axles pass through fixedly all-in-one-piece of the modes such as shaft coupling, welding.
Fan blade 3 is fixedly connected with rotary main shaft 2, can also connect by freewheel clutch, utilizes wind-force to pass through fan blade 3 driven rotary main shaft 2 rotations; And hoisting drum 4 is connected not shown in FIG. by the thing that is flexible coupling with sucker rod) connect, driving sucker rod by being rotated in the forward of hoisting drum 4 rises, and sucker rod is when descending, sucker rod drives hoisting drum 4 reverse rotations, complete upstroke and the down stroke action of whole oil pumper, and then complete oil pumping work, hoisting drum 4 is sleeved on rotary main shaft 2, makes hoisting drum 4 can produce relative rotation with rotary main shaft 2; Rotary main shaft 2 is realized clutch with hoisting drum 4 by clutch 5, clutch 5 can adopt the various known clutches such as electromagnetic clutch, friction clutch, hydraulic clutch, in the present embodiment, adopt mechanical clutch, clutch 5 quantity are two, be arranged on the two ends of hoisting drum 4, can certainly adopt one.Each clutch 5 comprises two parts, a part is fixed part, directly be fixed on hoisting drum 4, another part is sliding part, form with spline is connected with rotary main shaft 2, and two parts are provided with draw-in groove and the latch of mutual engaging, promotes by cylinder, oil cylinder or other devices, sliding part is horizontally slipped vertically, thus the combination that realizes hoisting drum 4 and rotary main shaft 2 with separate; Drum drive wheel 6 is fixedly connected with hoisting drum 4, the known fixed form such as can weld, be spirally connected and be fixed connection; Speed changer 8 can have various ways, can be two-stage, three grades, level Four, Pyatyi etc. utmost point speed changer arranged, can be also buncher, comprehensive speed changer, but, no matter the speed changer of which kind of form, it all has low speed end and speed end, and the low speed end of speed changer 8 is connected with rotary main shaft 2, the rotating speed of rotary main shaft 2 is relatively low, and general per minute tens turn; Speed end is connected with energy adjustment flywheel 7, and energy adjustment flywheel 7 is with after speed end is connected, and rotating speed is very high, and the hundreds of that can reach per minute turns, several thousand turns; Energy adjustment flywheel 7 can directly be fixed on the axle of speed changer 8 speed end, also can be arranged on axle specially, and then be connected the axle of speed end with speed changer and connect, and the speed end that generator 10 is connected with speed changer by generator clutch 11 connects.
Energy back device 9, energy when being used for sucker rod is descended passes to energy adjustment flywheel 7, to realize the speedup rotation of energy adjustment flywheel 7, the energy of energy adjustment flywheel 7 passes to hoisting drum 4 when hoisting drum 4 promotes sucker rod, be used for promoting sucker rod; Energy back device 9 comprises power transmission shaft 901 and energy back clutch 905 at least; The general freewheel clutch of selecting of energy back clutch 905; Energy when sucker rod descends has number of ways by energy back device 9, and is wherein better, and the energy when sucker rod descends passes to energy adjustment flywheel 7 by energy back device 9 through speed changer 8, realizes the speedup rotation of energy adjustment flywheel 7; Perhaps, the energy when sucker rod descends, rotates with the speedup that realizes energy adjustment flywheel 7 through passing to energy adjustment flywheel 7 through speed changer 8 again after rotary main shaft 2 by energy back device 9; In the present embodiment, energy when sucker rod descends passes to energy adjustment flywheel 7 by energy back device 9 through speed changer 8, realize the speedup rotation of energy adjustment flywheel 7, complete in upstroke and down stroke process at sucker rod, the direction of rotation of rotary main shaft 2 is constant all the time, and the direction of rotation of energy adjustment flywheel is constant all the time.
In the present embodiment, energy back device 9 comprises power transmission shaft 901 and is arranged on the first drive 903 and the second drive 904 on power transmission shaft 901, the first drive 903 is connected with power transmission shaft 901 by energy back clutch 905, that is to say, among the first drive 903 and the second drive 904, there is one to be connected with power transmission shaft 901 by energy back clutch 905, another one is fixedly connected with power transmission shaft, in the present embodiment, the first drive 903 and drum drive wheel 6 is a pair of gear that is meshed; And, the first drive 903 is connected with power transmission shaft 901 by energy back clutch 905, what energy back clutch 905 adopted is Wedge type over running clutch, the second drive 904 is connected with speed changer 8, the connection that the second drive 904 is connected with speed changer, the low speed end that can be connected with speed changer connects, and also can connect with other ends except the speed changer speed end, when especially, speed changer 8 adopts multi-change speed.In the present embodiment, the second drive 904 is gears, and the gear of itself and speed changer 8 low speed ends is meshed, and is fixed with transition wheel 902 on rotary main shaft 2, and transition wheel 902 can adopt gear, and the gear of the low speed end of speed changer 8 is meshed.Motor 1 output shaft is equipped with motor gear 13 by motor clutch 12, the gear of the speed end of motor gear 13 and speed changer 8 is meshed, certainly, also can make motor 1 be connected with the axle of the speed end of speed changer 8 by motor clutch 12.
below, in conjunction with present embodiment, the operating principle of summary wind power direct drive pumping unit: with the oil pumper of present embodiment be arranged on can the base of 360 ° of rotations on, before beginning to promote sucker rod, energy adjustment flywheel 7 begins to put aside energy, fan blade 3 driven rotary main shaft 2 rotations, be fixed with transition wheel on rotary main shaft 2, transition wheel can adopt gear, be meshed with the gear of the low speed end of speed changer 8, rotation by transition wheel drives 7 rotations of energy adjustment flywheel through speed changer 8, also can open motor 1 assists, when the rotating speed of energy adjustment flywheel 7 reaches setting value, under the control of control device 14, clutch 5 begins action, become bonding state by released state, thereby make rotary main shaft 2 and hoisting drum 4 engage, hoisting drum 4 drives sucker rod and promotes, carry out upstroke, in this process, the portion of energy of energy adjustment flywheel 7 is consumed, rotating speed reduces, when sucker rod is thus lifted to predetermined altitude, control device 14 separates by pre-set programs instruction clutch 5, rotary main shaft 2 and hoisting drum 4 break away from, under the sucker rod action of gravitation, sucker rod falls, carry out down stroke, dragging hoisting drum 4 drive drum drive wheels 6 counter-rotates, drum drive wheel 6 drives the first drive 903 rotations, and rotating speed strengthens along with the increase of sucker rod falling speed, when the second drive 904 with the first drive 903 rotating speeds when identical, effect due to freewheel clutch, the second drive 904 and the coaxial synchronized rotation of the first drive 905, and then drive the 7 quickening rotations of energy adjustment flywheel by speed changer 8, energy is stored, make simultaneously the free-falling speed of sucker rod controlled, make it steady whereabouts, its impact force is reduced to minimum.
Due to the unstability of wind speed, in the programmed logic of control device 14, according to the monitoring to energy adjustment flywheel 7 rotating speeds, with the ascending program of energy adjustment flywheel 7 rotating speeds, motor 1 opening point is set respectively, closes close point, generator 10 opening points, brake opening point; Energy adjustment flywheel 7 rotating speeds arrange brake when descending and close close point, generator 10 closes close point, because the size of wind speed finally can be reflected on the rotating speed of energy adjustment flywheel 7, thereby can accomplish to guarantee stable, the safe operation of oil pumper under unsettled wind speed.Wind power direct drive pumping unit of the present invention due to its design feature, makes its length of stroke not be subjected to structural constraint, thereby is not only applicable to the oil well of common length of stroke, and is applicable to the oil well of stroke more than 10m.
embodiment 2, see accompanying drawing 2, in the present embodiment, energy back device 9 is another kind of structure, and, structural change along with energy back device 9, speed changer 8 also can carry out structural change, energy back device 9 comprises rotating shaft 907 and the first drive 903, the second drive 904, speed changer 8 is multiple-speed gear-box, in speed changer 8 except speed end, outside the low speed end, also have a plurality of links, the connecting axle of one of them link is fixedly connected with rotating shaft 907, certainly, rotating shaft 907 can be exactly also the part that this connecting axle extends out, rotating shaft 907 is connected with the second drive 904 by energy back clutch 905, wherein, energy back clutch 905 is Wedge type over running clutch, the first drive 903, the second drive 904 and drum drive wheel 6 are gear, the first drive 903 is between drum drive wheel the 6 and second drive 904, and simultaneously and drum drive take turns the 6 and second drive 904 and be meshed, the first drive 903 is fixed on a power transmission shaft, can be rotated, motor 1 is connected by the axle of motor clutch 12 with the speed end of speed changer 8, all the other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3, see accompanying drawing 3, energy back device 9 comprises power transmission shaft 901, power transmission shaft 901 is connected with the first drive 903 by energy back clutch 905, in speed changer 8 except speed end, low speed end, can also have a plurality of links, the connecting axle of one of them link is fixedly connected with power transmission shaft 901, certainly, power transmission shaft 901 can be exactly also the part that this connecting axle extends out, energy back clutch 905 is freewheel clutch, and the first drive 903 is connected with drum drive wheel 6 by driving-belt 906, and all the other are with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 4, see accompanying drawing 4, energy back device 9 comprises the transition wheel 902 that power transmission shaft 901 is fixedly connected with rotary main shaft 2 and is arranged on the first drive 903 and the second drive 904 on power transmission shaft 901, the first drive 903 is connected with power transmission shaft 901 by energy back clutch 905, the second drive 904 directly is fixed on power transmission shaft 901, and the first drive 903 and drum drive wheel 6 are a pair of gear that is meshed; The second drive 904 is connected connection by driving-belt 906 with transition wheel, motor 1 is connected by the axle of motor clutch 12 with the speed end of speed changer 8, energy when sucker rod descends passes to energy adjustment flywheel 7 through speed changer 8 after passing through rotary main shafts 2 by energy back device 9 again, to realize the speedup rotation of energy adjustment flywheel 7, all the other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 5, see accompanying drawing 5, energy back device 9 comprises the transition wheel 902 that power transmission shaft 901 is fixedly connected with rotary main shaft 2 and is arranged on the first drive 903 and the second drive 904 on power transmission shaft 901, the first drive 903 is connected with power transmission shaft 901 by energy back clutch 905, and the second drive 904 and transition wheel 902 are a pair of gear that is meshed; The first drive 903 is connected 6 by driving-belt 906 and is connected with drum drive, all the other are with embodiment 4.
embodiment 6, see accompanying drawing 6, energy back device 9 comprises power transmission shaft 901, the transition wheel 902 that is fixedly connected with rotary main shaft 2 and be arranged on the first drive 903 and the second drive 904 on power transmission shaft 901, the first drive 903 is connected with power transmission shaft 901 by energy back clutch 905, the second drive 904 directly is fixed on power transmission shaft 901, the first drive 903, the second drive 904 and drum drive wheel 6 are gear, the first drive 903 and drum drive wheel 6 are meshed, transition wheel 902 is provided with internal tooth 902a, the second drive 904 and internal tooth 902a are meshed, motor 1 output shaft is equipped with motor gear 13 by motor clutch 12, motor gear 13 and internal tooth 902 are meshed, all the other are with embodiment 4.
Embodiment 7, see accompanying drawing 7, drum drive wheel 6 is gear, and energy back device 9 comprises power transmission shaft 901 and the energy back clutch 905 that is arranged on described power transmission shaft, speed changer 8 has low speed end and speed end at least, and the connecting axle of the speed end of speed changer 8 is fixedly connected with power transmission shaft 901; In speed changer 8 except speed end, low speed end, can also have a plurality of links, power transmission shaft 901 also can be fixedly connected with the connecting axle of one of them link, certainly, power transmission shaft 901 can be exactly also the part that this connecting axle extends out, and the first-selected freewheel clutch of energy back clutch 905 is when energy back clutch 905 is freewheel clutch, the first drive that on it, installation and drum drive wheel is meshed, all the other are with embodiment 3.
Above explanation is only explanation of the invention, make the complete enforcement this programme of those of ordinary skills' energy, but be not limitation of the present invention, those skilled in the art can make to the present embodiment the modification that there is no creative contribution as required after reading this manual, these are all not creative modifications.But as long as all be subject to the protection of Patent Law in claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the wind power direct drive pumping unit, comprise motor (1), control device (14), it is characterized in that: also comprise rotary main shaft (2);
Fan blade (3); Described fan blade (3) is fixedly connected with described rotary main shaft (2);
Hoisting drum (4) is used for the lifting sucker rod, and described hoisting drum (4) is sleeved on described rotary main shaft (2), and described rotary main shaft (2) is realized clutch with described hoisting drum (4) by clutch (5);
Drum drive wheel (6), described drum drive wheel (6) is fixedly connected with in aggregates with described hoisting drum (4);
Energy adjustment flywheel (7);
Speed changer (8), the low speed end of described speed changer (8) is connected with described rotary main shaft (2), and speed end is connected with described energy adjustment flywheel (7);
Energy back device (9), energy when being used for described sucker rod is descended passes to described energy adjustment flywheel (7) by speed changer (8), the energy storage with the speedup rotation that realizes described energy adjustment flywheel (7), the energy of described energy adjustment flywheel (7) can pass to described hoisting drum (4) when described hoisting drum (4) promotes described sucker rod, be used for promoting sucker rod;
Generator (10), described generator (10) be connected the speed end of speed changer (8) and connect.
2. wind power direct drive pumping unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described energy back device (9) comprises power transmission shaft (901) and is arranged on the first drive (903) and the second drive (904) on described power transmission shaft (901), described the first drive (903) or described the second drive (904) are connected with described power transmission shaft (901) by energy back clutch (905), and described the first drive (903) and described drum drive wheel (6) are a pair of gear that is meshed; Described the second drive (904) is connected with described speed changer (8).
3. wind power direct drive pumping unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described energy back device (9) comprises rotating shaft (907), the first drive (903) and the second drive (904), described rotating shaft (907) is connected with the second drive (904) by energy back clutch (905), described the first drive (903), the second drive (904) and described drum drive wheel (6) are gear, described the first drive (903) is positioned between described drum drive wheel (6) and described the second drive (904), and simultaneously and described drum drive is taken turns (6) and described the second drive (904) is meshed, described the second drive (904) is connected with described speed changer (8).
4. wind power direct drive pumping unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described energy back device (9) comprises power transmission shaft (901) and the first drive (903), described power transmission shaft (901) is connected with the first drive (903) by energy back clutch (905), and described the first drive (903) is taken turns (6) by driving-belt (906) and described drum drive and is connected.
5. wind power direct drive pumping unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described energy back device (9) comprises power transmission shaft (901), the transition wheel (902) that is fixedly connected with described rotary main shaft (2) and be arranged on the first drive (903) and the second drive (904) on described power transmission shaft (901), described the first drive (903) or described the second drive (904) are connected with described power transmission shaft (901) by energy back clutch (905), described the first drive (903) and described drum drive wheel (6) are a pair of gear that is meshed, described the second drive (904) passes through driving-belt (906) and is connected transition wheel (902) connection.
6. wind power direct drive pumping unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described energy back device (9) comprises power transmission shaft (901), the transition wheel (902) that is fixedly connected with described rotary main shaft (2) and be arranged on the first drive (903) and the second drive (904) on described power transmission shaft (901), described the first drive (903) or described the second drive (904) are connected with described power transmission shaft (901) by energy back clutch (905), described the second drive (904) and described transition wheel (902) are a pair of gear that is meshed, described the first drive (903) passes through driving-belt (906) and is connected drum drive wheel (6) connection.
7. wind power direct drive pumping unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described energy back device (9) comprises power transmission shaft (901), the transition wheel (902) that is fixedly connected with described rotary main shaft (2) and be arranged on the first drive (903) and the second drive (904) on described power transmission shaft (901), described the first drive (903) or described the second drive (904) are connected with described power transmission shaft (901) by energy back clutch (905), described the first drive (903), the second drive (904) and described drum drive wheel (6) are gear, described the first drive (903) and described drum drive wheel (6) are meshed, described transition wheel (902) is provided with internal tooth (902a), described the second drive (904) and described internal tooth (902a) are meshed.
8. wind power direct drive pumping unit according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described motor (1) output shaft is equipped with motor gear (13) by motor clutch (12), and described motor gear (13) and described internal tooth (902a) are meshed; Or described motor (1) output shaft passes through motor clutch (12) and is connected speed changer (8) connection.
9. according to claim 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 described wind power direct drive pumping units, it is characterized in that: described energy back clutch (905) is freewheel clutch.
10. according to claim 1 and 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 described wind power direct drive pumping units, it is characterized in that: the energy when described sucker rod descends passes to described energy adjustment flywheel (7) by described energy back device (9) through speed changer (8), realizes the speedup rotation of described energy adjustment flywheel (7); Or the energy when described sucker rod descends passes through speed changer (8) by described energy back device (9) after through rotary main shaft (2) again and passes to described energy adjustment flywheel (7), rotates with the speedup that realizes described energy adjustment flywheel (7).
CN2012206960010U 2012-12-17 2012-12-17 Wind power direct drive oil pumping unit Expired - Fee Related CN202990984U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102966336A (en) * 2012-01-10 2013-03-13 邱永安 Wind direct-driven oil pumping unit
CN105552964A (en) * 2016-02-17 2016-05-04 王晓民 Photoelectric complementary system of oilfield pumping unit

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102966336A (en) * 2012-01-10 2013-03-13 邱永安 Wind direct-driven oil pumping unit
CN102966336B (en) * 2012-01-10 2015-11-04 邱永安 Wind power direct-driven oil pumper
CN105552964A (en) * 2016-02-17 2016-05-04 王晓民 Photoelectric complementary system of oilfield pumping unit

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