CN106493630A - It is automatically separated after a kind of steel ball demoulding and polishing system and its handling process - Google Patents

It is automatically separated after a kind of steel ball demoulding and polishing system and its handling process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106493630A
CN106493630A CN201611231330.7A CN201611231330A CN106493630A CN 106493630 A CN106493630 A CN 106493630A CN 201611231330 A CN201611231330 A CN 201611231330A CN 106493630 A CN106493630 A CN 106493630A
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China
Prior art keywords
steel ball
polishing
cylinder
automatically separated
casing
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CN201611231330.7A
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CN106493630B (en
Inventor
张虎
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Anhui kalemite Xinli New Material Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Ma'anshan Xinli Abrasion Resistant Material Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B31/00Machines or devices designed for polishing or abrading surfaces on work by means of tumbling apparatus or other apparatus in which the work and/or the abrasive material is loose; Accessories therefor
    • B24B31/02Machines or devices designed for polishing or abrading surfaces on work by means of tumbling apparatus or other apparatus in which the work and/or the abrasive material is loose; Accessories therefor involving rotary barrels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B13/00Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B13/00Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices
    • B07B13/08Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices according to weight

Abstract

The invention discloses being automatically separated after a kind of steel ball demoulding and polishing system and its handling process, belong to abrasion-proof steel ball production technical field.It is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present invention, the ball sand separating apparatus that are sequentially distributed including lifting crane and by production line, cull board, burnishing device, the ball sand separating apparatus, cull board, burnishing device are and are separated respectively, selected and polished using steel ball deadweight;The lifting crane is lifted on the top of production line.The ball sand separating apparatus of the present invention are tapped using steel ball weight itself mutually, steel ball module is separated, recycle the shape of steel ball self gravitation and circle, can roll, it is different from rising head and moulding sand and is automatically separated, finally, recycles the mutual sanding and polishing of the shape of steel ball self gravitation and circle, treatment effeciency is high, separates and polishing is thorough.

Description

It is automatically separated after a kind of steel ball demoulding and polishing system and its handling process
Technical field
The invention belongs to abrasion-proof steel ball production technical field, is automatically separated after specifically a kind of steel ball demoulding and polishes system System and its handling process.
Background technology
Abrasion-proof steel ball is widely used in building material cement, energy thermoelectricity, nonmetallic processing, mine as a kind of abrasive media The powder technology of the industry such as metallurgical, water-coal-slurry and magnetic material.
Steel ball module after the demoulding is as shown in Fig. 2 typically sticked in around rising head by moulding sand by 5 steel balls, people Work point from when, need to break adhesion with iron hammer, three separated, artificial treatment wastes time and energy, and inefficient, desanding be not thorough.
Through retrieval, Chinese Patent Application No. 201310611115.X, the patent documentation of publication date 2014.03.26 are disclosed A kind of wear-resistant steel ball segment screening plant, the wear-resistant steel ball segment for carrying dust and fine particle enter rolling from the import on rotary screen top Shaft screen, rotary screen are rotated under the drive of first rotating shaft, and most of dust and fine particle are spilt from the through hole of rotary screen wall; Wear-resistant steel ball segment flows under the incline direction of rotary screen, flows out from outlet, wherein also carries a small amount of dust and fine particle; The wear-resistant steel ball segment for carrying dust and fine particle is fallen on sorting bar, and dust and fine particle are missed from sorting bar gap, and Wear-resistant steel ball segment falls into discharging opening under the drive of sorting bar.The invention coordinates dedusting and tiny by rotary screen and sorting bar Grain, process the demoulding after steel ball module when, as the granule of moulding sand and rising head is larger, treatment effeciency is poor.
Content of the invention
1. technical problem to be solved
Manually separating for the steel ball module after the prior art demoulding wastes time and energy, inefficient, processes halfway problem, The invention provides being automatically separated after a kind of steel ball demoulding and polishing system and its handling process.It can make full use of steel ball certainly Again steel ball module is automatically separated in cylinder, after separating, steel ball mutual sanding and polishing in the polishing casing, treatment effeciency are high, Separate and polishing is thorough.
2. technical scheme
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the present invention program is carried out in the following manner:
It is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding, the ball sand being sequentially distributed including lifting crane and by production line Segregation apparatuss, cull board, burnishing device, the ball sand separating apparatus, cull board, burnishing device are using steel ball deadweight difference Separated, selected and polished;The lifting crane is lifted on the top of production line.Ball sand separating apparatus are using this heavy sensation of the body of steel ball Amount is tapped mutually, and steel ball module is separated, and is recycled the shape of steel ball self gravitation and circle, can be rolled, be different from rising head With moulding sand and be automatically separated, finally, recycle the mutual sanding and polishing of the shape of steel ball self gravitation and circle.
Preferably, the ball sand separating apparatus include support, charging hopper, cylinder, roller and cylinder support platform;Described Charging hopper is fixed on above support, and the front opening of its bottom opening and cylinder is communicated;The open rearward end of the cylinder and choose Channel selection is connected, and the lower section of cylinder is cylinder support platform, between the two the roller for driving cylinder to rotate.Steel ball module is in cylinder The interior rotation by cylinder, in conjunction with steel ball module own wt, the mutual percussion for steel ball module provides impulsive force, by steel Ball, rising head and moulding sand are automatically separated.
Preferably, cull board is the sloping platform shape having a down dip, and is that steel ball scrolls down through offer motive power, is different from non-circular emitting Mouthful, it is impossible to the rising head of rolling is stayed on cull board, is automatically separated steel ball and rising head.
Preferably, the angle of inclination of cull board is 1~7 °, selects different angles according to the steel ball of different-diameter, improves Versatility.
Preferably, the cylinder barrel is provided with the seam that shakes out, and moulding sand is directly spilt from seam, is fixed with bobbing machine on outer wall Structure, it is to avoid steel ball module blocks charging aperture;The top of the support, is provided with operating platform on the outside of hopper, facilitates operative employee Observation.
Preferably, the burnishing device includes polishing casing and bearing, and the polishing casing is fixed on bearing by bearing On, and drive polishing casing to rotate on bearing by motor and belt transmission;Feed inlet and outlet is provided with above polishing casing;Bearing Bottom be fixed on chassis;V belt translation shield is fixed with around belt.Polishing casing providing from polishing mutually for steel ball Impulsive force, mutual sanding and polishing take full advantage of the circular attribute with weight of steel ball itself, comprehensive sanding and polishing, polishing effect Rate is high.
Preferably, also include turnover device;The turnover device includes turnover barrel, lifting shaft, pole, bottom sealing plate, axle sleeve And link;Tubbiness of the turnover barrel in both ends open;Pole is symmetrically fixed with the outside of the axle sleeve, and is fixed on by pole At turnover barrel inside center, after one end of the lifting shaft is perpendicularly fixed at bottom sealing plate, consolidate with link after the other end passes axle sleeve Fixed connection;The diameter of the bottom sealing plate is slightly larger than turnover barrel bottom opening.Steel ball is transported to after subsequent processing, steel is made full use of Bottom sealing plate is opened by ball own wt, and steel ball is tumbled to subsequent processing, need not overturn discharging, discharging efficiency high.
Preferably, pole is 2~5, is uniformly distributed in the outside of axle sleeve, to ensure the connection of pole and turnover barrel staving Stable;Trapezium structure of the bottom of the turnover barrel in closing in, the diameter with diameter greater than feed hopper and feed inlet and outlet on top, The top of turnover barrel is facilitated to be stuck in charging hopper and feed inlet and outlet, the diameter of bottom sealing plate is slightly less than charging hopper and feed inlet and outlet Diameter, after facilitating bottom sealing plate to stretch into charging hopper and feed inlet and outlet, lifting shaft declines, and bottom sealing plate is opened, and steel ball rolls out, fall into plus Material hopper and feed inlet and outlet;The rotating speed of the cylinder is 30~50 revs/min, and too fast impulsive force is excessive, can cause rising head to steel ball Damage;Cross slow impulsive force too small, cause separation not thorough;, for 5 to 8 side shapes, casing is circular for the casing cross sectional shape that polishes When, regular motion of the steel ball in casing, the position of steel ball and mutual reference position change can be caused less, so as to not Polished beneficial to steel ball mutually;And if casing corner angle too small (below 5 side shape of casing), then can cause position and the phase of steel ball Mutual reference position change is excessive, and steel ball has little time sanding and polishing and just produces huge change, is also unfavorable for improving beating for steel ball Grinding and polishing light effect, or even easily cause the mutual damage of steel ball;Casing side number is bigger, closer to circle, and then is also unfavorable for beating The raising of grinding and polishing light effect;Therefore, the accumulation of the knowhow through inventor for many years and the collection of data, analysis and summary, Draw casing section in 5 to 8 when shape is sanding and polishing effect preferable casing scope;Wherein, 6 side shapes are optimal casing shape Shape;The width of the seam that shakes out is 5~8mm, to adapt to different steel ball specifications;The link with diameter greater than axle sleeve, to limit The lifting travel of lifting shaft processed, it is to avoid lifting shaft excessive descent and dislocate.
Preferably, polishing casing cross sectional shape is 6 side shapes, and rotating speed is 50~70 revs/min, and too fast impulsive force is excessive, can make Mutual damage into steel ball;Cross slow impulsive force too small, cause sanding and polishing not thorough;The bottom sealing plate is downward horn mouth Shape, facilitates thoroughly tumbling for steel ball;Cover plate is provided with the charging hopper, reduces airborne dust when separating;Set below cylinder Moulding sand collecting vessel is equipped with, to collect the moulding sand for spilling.
The handling process with polishing system is automatically separated after a kind of steel ball demoulding, and step is:
Step one, ball sand separation:Steel ball module after some demouldings is proceeded in charging hopper by turnover device, starts ball Sand separating apparatus, after steel ball module is clashed into by deadweight mutually in cylinder, steel ball module ftractures, steel ball, rising head and moulding sand Separate;Wherein, moulding sand is leaked to moulding sand collecting vessel by the seam that shakes out;
Step 2, ball, rising head are selected certainly:Outlet of the steel ball and rising head after separating by cylinder, discharges to cull board; In the presence of the sloping platform for inclining under small angles, spherical steel ball free is rolled in turnover device;Erose rising head is stayed in On cull board;
Step 3, the polishing of steel ball:Turnover device is hung up by the hook of lifting crane, be transported to burnishing device, hang Dress driving snaps in turnover device after feed inlet and outlet, and due to the own wt of steel ball, bottom sealing plate is automatically opened up, and steel ball rolls into polishing In casing, start the motor of polishing casing, rotate polishing casing, in casing after the mutual sanding and polishing of steel ball, roll into turnover device Interior;
Step 4, products storage:Steel ball after lifting crane slings turnover device by polishing proceeds to finished product box and deposits again Put.
Each processing step, takes full advantage of steel ball itself circle and the larger attribute of density, shortens the process time above, Process efficiency is improve, production cost is reduced, it is ensured that the quality of production of steel ball.
3. beneficial effect
The technical scheme provided using the present invention, compared with existing known technology, with following remarkable result:
(1) it is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the invention, ball sand separating apparatus utilize steel ball itself Weight is tapped mutually, and steel ball module is separated, and is recycled the shape of steel ball self gravitation and circle, can be rolled, be different from and emit Mouthful and moulding sand and be automatically separated, finally, recycle the mutual sanding and polishing of the shape of steel ball self gravitation and circle, without the need for extra Increase aid and can reach the effect for separating, selecting and polish, so as to reduce production cost;
(2) it is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the invention, steel ball module passes through cylinder in cylinder Rotation, in conjunction with steel ball module own wt, the mutual percussion for steel ball module provides impulsive force, by steel ball, rising head and makes Molding sand is automatically separated;
(3) be automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the invention, the sloping platform shape cull board for inclining, be steel ball to Lower rolling provides motive power, is different from non-circular rising head, it is impossible to which the rising head of rolling is stayed on cull board, makes steel ball and emits Mouth is automatically separated;
(4) it is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the invention, angle of inclination is 1~7 ° of cull board, Different angles are selected according to the steel ball of different-diameter, versatility is improved;Accumulation sum of the inventor through knowhow for many years According to collection, analysis and summary, angle of inclination is 1~5 ° of cull board, it is adaptable to the steel ball of 60~120mm of diameter, 6~7 ° Cull board, it is adaptable to the steel ball of 15~50mm of diameter;
(5) it is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the invention, the setting of the seam that shakes out facilitates moulding sand straight Connect and spill from seam;Vibrating mechanism such as vibrating motor, can avoid steel ball module from blocking charging aperture;
(6) it is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the invention, the polishing casing of rotary motion is steel ball Mutually provide impulsive force from polishing, mutual sanding and polishing takes full advantage of that steel ball itself is circular and the attribute of weight, comprehensive Sanding and polishing, polishing efficiency are high;
(7), based on being automatically separated and polishing system after the steel ball demoulding, steel ball is transported to one kind of the invention by turnover device After subsequent processing, steel ball own wt is made full use of to open bottom sealing plate, steel ball is tumbled to subsequent processing, need not overturn discharging, Discharging efficiency high;
(8) it is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the invention, equally distributed pole ensure that and prop up Bar and the stable connection of turnover barrel staving;The rotating speed of cylinder is 30~50 revs/min, and too fast impulsive force is excessive, can cause rising head pair The damage of steel ball;Cross slow impulsive force too small, cause separation not thorough;When polishing casing is circular, steel ball can be caused in casing Regular motion, the position of steel ball and mutual reference position change less, so as to be unfavorable for that steel ball is polished mutually;And if Casing corner angle too small (below 5 side shape of casing), then can cause the position and mutual reference position of steel ball to change excessive, steel Ball has little time sanding and polishing and just produces huge change, is also unfavorable for the sanding and polishing effect for improving steel ball, or even easily causes The mutual damage of steel ball;Casing side number is bigger, closer to circle, and then is also unfavorable for the raising of sanding and polishing effect;Therefore, pass through The accumulation of inventor's knowhow for many years and collection, analysis and the summary of data is crossed, show that casing section in 5 to 8 side shapes is The preferable casing side scope of sanding and polishing effect;Wherein, 6 side shapes are optimal box shape;
(9) it is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the invention, polishing casing rotating speed is 50~70 turns/ Point, too fast impulsive force is excessive, can cause the mutual damage of steel ball;Cross slow impulsive force too small, cause sanding and polishing not thorough;
(10) handling process with polishing system is automatically separated after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the invention, and each processing step fills Divide and make use of steel ball itself circular and the larger attribute of density, shorten the process time, improve process efficiency, reduce production Cost, it is ensured that the quality of production of steel ball.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 be the present invention the steel ball demoulding after be automatically separated and polishing system structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the steel ball modular structure schematic diagram of before processing;
Fig. 3 is the side view of the burnishing device of the present invention.
In figure:1st, ball sand separating apparatus;2nd, cull board;3rd, turnover device;4th, burnishing device;5th, lifting crane;6th, steel ball Module;11st, support;12nd, feed hopper;13rd, cylinder;14th, roller;15th, cylinder support platform;16th, moulding sand collecting vessel;17、 Cover plate;18th, vibrating mechanism;19th, operating platform;31st, turnover barrel;32nd, lifting shaft;33rd, pole;34th, bottom sealing plate;35th, axle sleeve; 36th, link;41st, casing is polished;42nd, bearing;43rd, bearing;44th, chassis;45th, V belt translation shield;46th, feed inlet and outlet;51st, hang Hook;61st, steel ball;62nd, rising head;63rd, moulding sand;131st, shake out seam.
Specific embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Fig. 2 the steel ball module 6 after the steel ball demoulding, is bonded in steel ball 61 around rising head 62 by moulding sand 63, It is tightly combined, during artificial treatment, needs to be hit with hammer and can just split, separation efficiency is poor.
Embodiment 1
It is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment, as shown in figure 1, including 5 He of lifting crane The ball sand separating apparatus 1 that are sequentially distributed by production line, cull board 2, burnishing device 4, the ball sand separating apparatus 1, cull board 2, Burnishing device 4 is and is separated respectively, selected and polished using steel ball deadweight;The lifting crane 5 is lifted on production line Top.Ball sand separating apparatus 1 are tapped using steel ball weight itself mutually, and steel ball module is separated, and recycle steel ball self gravitation With circular shape, can roll, be different from rising head and moulding sand and be automatically separated, finally, recycle steel ball self gravitation and The mutual sanding and polishing of circular shape.
Embodiment 2
It is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment, basic structure is with embodiment 1, improvements It is:The ball sand separating apparatus 1 include support 11, charging hopper 12, cylinder 13, roller 14 and cylinder support platform 15;Institute State charging hopper 12 to be fixed on above support 11, the front opening of its bottom opening and cylinder 13 is communicated;After the cylinder 13 End opening is connected with cull board 2, and the lower section of cylinder 13 is cylinder support platform 15, the rolling for driving cylinder 13 to rotate between the two Wheel 14.Steel ball module by the rotation of cylinder 13, in conjunction with steel ball module own wt, is the mutual of steel ball module in cylinder 13 Tap and provide impulsive force, steel ball, rising head and moulding sand are automatically separated.Cull board 2 is the sloping platform shape having a down dip, and is that steel ball is downward Roll and motive power is provided, be different from non-circular rising head, it is impossible to which the rising head of rolling is stayed on cull board, make steel ball and rising head It is automatically separated.The angle of inclination of cull board 2 is 1 °.13 barrel of the cylinder is provided with the seam 131 that shakes out, and width is 8mm, moulding sand and Steel ball, rising head are directly spilt from seam after separating, and are fixed with vibrating mechanism 18, it is to avoid steel ball module blocks charging aperture on outer wall; The top of the support 11, the outside of hopper 12 are provided with operating platform 19, facilitate the observation of operative employee.The burnishing device 4 Including polishing casing 41 and bearing 43 that section is 8 side shapes, the polishing casing 41 is fixed on bearing 43 by bearing 42, and Polishing casing 41 is driven to rotate on bearing 43 by motor and belt transmission;Feed inlet and outlet 46 is provided with above polishing casing 41; It is fixed on chassis 44 bottom of bearing 43;V belt translation shield 45 is fixed with around belt.Polishing casing 41 is the mutual of steel ball Impulsive force is provided from polishing mutually, and mutual sanding and polishing takes full advantage of the attribute of steel ball itself circle and weight, comprehensive polishing Polishing, polishing efficiency are high.
The handling process with polishing system is automatically separated after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment, processes a diameter of 120mm Steel ball, step is:
Step one, ball sand separation:Steel ball module 6 after some demouldings is proceeded in charging hopper 12 by Turnover Box, is started Ball sand separating apparatus 1,13 rotating speed of cylinder are 30 revs/min, after steel ball module 6 is clashed into by deadweight mutually in cylinder 13, steel ball Module 6 ftractures, and steel ball 61, rising head 62 and moulding sand 63 separate;Wherein, moulding sand 63 is leaked by the seam 131 that shakes out and is received to moulding sand In collection bucket 16;
Step 2, ball, rising head are selected certainly:Steel ball 61 and rising head 62 after separating by the outlet of cylinder 13, discharge to Cull board 2;In the presence of the sloping platform that angle of inclination is 1 °, spherical steel ball 61 is freely rolled in turnover device 3;Irregular shape The rising head 62 of shape is stayed on cull board 2;
Step 3, the polishing of steel ball:Turnover Box is hung up by the hook 51 of lifting crane 5, be transported to burnishing device 4 Interior, start the motor of polishing casing 41, rotate polishing casing 41, rotating speed is 50 revs/min, 61 mutual sanding and polishing of steel ball in casing Afterwards, roll in Turnover Box;
Step 4, products storage:Steel ball 61 after lifting crane 5 slings Turnover Box by polishing proceeds to finished product box and deposits again Put.
Embodiment 3
It is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment, basic structure is improved and not with embodiment 2 It is with part:2 angle of inclination of cull board is 7 °;41 section of polishing casing is 5 side shapes;Shake out seam 131, and width is 5mm;Also wrap Include turnover device 3;The turnover device 3 includes turnover barrel 31, lifting shaft 32, pole 33, bottom sealing plate 34, axle sleeve 35 and link 36;Tubbiness of the turnover barrel 31 in both ends open;Pole 33 is symmetrically fixed with the outside of the axle sleeve 35, and solid by pole 33 At 31 inside center of turnover barrel, after one end of the lifting shaft 32 is perpendicularly fixed at bottom sealing plate 34, the other end passes axle sleeve It is fixedly connected with link 36 after 35;The diameter of the bottom sealing plate 34 is slightly larger than 31 bottom opening of turnover barrel.Steel ball is transported to down After one operation, steel ball own wt is made full use of to open bottom sealing plate 34, steel ball is tumbled to subsequent processing, need not overturn discharging, Discharging efficiency high.Pole 33 is 2, is symmetrically distributed in the outside of axle sleeve 35, to ensure the connection of 31 staving of pole and turnover barrel Stable;The bottom of the turnover barrel 31 in the trapezium structure for closing up, top with diameter greater than charging hopper 12 and feed inlet and outlet 46 Diameter, facilitate the top of turnover barrel 31 to be stuck in charging hopper 12 and feed inlet and outlet 46, the diameter of bottom sealing plate 34 is slightly less than charging The diameter 10mm of hopper 12 and feed inlet and outlet 46, after facilitating bottom sealing plate 34 to stretch into charging hopper 12 and feed inlet and outlet 46, lifting shaft 32 decline, and bottom sealing plate 34 is opened, and steel ball is rolled out, and fall into charging hopper 12 and feed inlet and outlet 46;
The technique for grinding with polishing system is automatically separated after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment, processes a diameter of 15mm's Steel ball, step is:
Step one, ball sand separation:Steel ball module 6 after some demouldings is proceeded in charging hopper 12 by turnover device 3, is opened Dynamic ball sand separating apparatus 1,13 rotating speed of cylinder are 50 revs/min, after steel ball module 6 is clashed into by deadweight mutually in cylinder 13, steel Ball module 6 ftractures, and steel ball 61, rising head 62 and moulding sand 63 separate;Wherein, moulding sand 63 is leaked to moulding sand by the seam 131 that shakes out In collecting vessel 16;
Step 2, ball, rising head are selected certainly:Steel ball 61 and rising head 62 after separating by the outlet of cylinder 13, discharge to Cull board 2;In the presence of the sloping platform that angle of inclination is 7 °, spherical steel ball 61 is freely rolled in turnover device 3;Irregular shape The rising head 62 of shape is stayed on cull board 2;
Step 3, the polishing of steel ball:Turnover device 3 is hung up by the hook 51 of lifting crane 5, be transported to burnishing device 4, lifting crane 5 snaps in turnover device 3 after feed inlet and outlet 46, and due to the own wt of steel ball 61, bottom sealing plate 34 is automatically opened up, Steel ball 61 is rolled in polishing casing 41, starts the motor of polishing casing 41, rotates polishing casing 41, and in casing, steel ball 61 is beaten mutually After grinding and polishing light, roll in turnover device 3;
Step 4, products storage:Steel ball 61 after lifting crane 5 slings turnover device 3 by polishing proceeds to finished product again Case is deposited.
Embodiment 4
It is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment, basic structure is improved and not with embodiment 3 It is with part:2 angle of inclination of cull board is 4 °;13 rotating speed of cylinder is 40 revs/min;As shown in Figure 1,3,41 section of polishing casing 6 side shapes are shaped as, rotating speed is 60 revs/min, and too fast impulsive force is excessive, can cause the mutual damage of steel ball;Cross slow impulsive force mistake Little, cause sanding and polishing not thorough;Pole 33 is 5, improves the stability of connection, and the bottom sealing plate 34 is downward horn mouth Shape, facilitates thoroughly tumbling for steel ball;Cover plate 17 is provided with the charging hopper 12, airborne dust when separating is reduced;Cylinder 13 Lower section is provided with moulding sand collecting vessel 16, to collect the moulding sand for spilling.
The technique for grinding with polishing system is automatically separated after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment, processes a diameter of 60mm's Steel ball, step is:
Step one, ball sand separation:Steel ball module 6 after some demouldings is proceeded in charging hopper 12 by turnover device 3, is opened Dynamic ball sand separating apparatus 1,13 rotating speed of cylinder are 40 revs/min, after steel ball module 6 is clashed into by deadweight mutually in cylinder 13, steel Ball module 6 ftractures, and steel ball 61, rising head 62 and moulding sand 63 separate;Wherein, moulding sand 63 is leaked to moulding sand by the seam 131 that shakes out In collecting vessel 16;
Step 2, ball, rising head are selected certainly:Steel ball 61 and rising head 62 after separating by the outlet of cylinder 13, discharge to Cull board 2;In the presence of the sloping platform that angle of inclination is 4 °, spherical steel ball 61 is freely rolled in turnover device 3;Irregular shape The rising head 62 of shape is stayed on cull board 2;
Step 3, the polishing of steel ball:Turnover device 3 is hung up by the hook 51 of lifting crane 5, be transported to burnishing device 4, lifting crane 5 snaps in turnover device 3 after feed inlet and outlet 46, due to the own wt of steel ball 61, the bottom sealing plate of bell mouth shape 34 automatically open up, steel ball 61 thoroughly all roll into polishing casing 41 in, start polishing casing 41 motor, rotating speed be 60 turns/ Point, polishing casing 41 is rotated, in casing after 61 mutual sanding and polishing of steel ball, is rolled in turnover device 3;
Step 4, products storage:Steel ball 61 after lifting crane 5 slings turnover device 3 by polishing proceeds to finished product again Case is deposited.
Embodiment 5
It is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment, basic structure is with embodiment 4;
Be automatically separated the technique for grinding with polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment, process a diameter of 40mm and The mixing steel ball of 80mm, step is:
Step one, ball sand separation:Steel ball module 6 after some demouldings is proceeded in charging hopper 12 by turnover device 3, is opened Dynamic ball sand separating apparatus 1,13 rotating speed of cylinder are 40 revs/min, after steel ball module 6 is clashed into by deadweight mutually in cylinder 13, steel Ball module 6 ftractures, and steel ball 61, rising head 62 and moulding sand 63 separate;Wherein, moulding sand 63 is leaked to moulding sand by the seam 131 that shakes out In collecting vessel 16;
Step 2, ball, rising head are selected certainly:Steel ball 61 and rising head 62 after separating by the outlet of cylinder 13, discharge to Cull board 2;In the presence of the sloping platform that angle of inclination is 4 °, spherical steel ball 61 is freely rolled in turnover device 3;Irregular shape The rising head 62 of shape is stayed on cull board 2;
Step 3, the polishing of steel ball:Turnover device 3 is hung up by the hook 51 of lifting crane 5, be transported to burnishing device 4, lifting crane 5 snaps in turnover device 3 after feed inlet and outlet 46, due to the own wt of steel ball 61, the bottom sealing plate of bell mouth shape 34 automatically open up, and steel ball 61 is thoroughly all rolled in polishing casing 41, starts the motor of polishing casing 41, and motor is watched for frequency conversion Take motor, rotate polishing casing 41, rotating speed be 50 revs/min first rotate 10 minutes after, then adjust rotating speed and rotate 20 points to 60 revs/min Clock, in casing after the 61 mutual sanding and polishing of steel ball of two kinds of specifications, rolls in turnover device 3;
Step 4, screening:Steel ball in previous step turnover device 3 is gone to screening plant by lifting crane 5, steel is sieved Mesh is after the steel ball of two kinds of specifications is separated by 50mm, in subpackage to two turnover devices 3;
Step 5, products storage:Steel ball 61 after lifting crane 5 slings turnover device 3 by polishing proceeds to finished product again Case is deposited.
The technique for grinding with polishing system is automatically separated after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment, by two kinds of specifications of size Steel ball confuses process, and the difference of size sphere diameter, mutual sanding and polishing can be made full use of to coordinate different body pivot speed Degree, makes polishing more thorough.
Below schematically the invention and embodiments thereof are described, the description is not restricted.So, If one of ordinary skill in the art is enlightened by which, in the case of without departing from this creation objective, without creative design Go out the frame mode similar to the technical scheme and embodiment, the protection domain of this patent all should be belonged to.

Claims (10)

1. it is automatically separated and polishing system after a kind of steel ball demoulding, the ball being sequentially distributed including lifting crane (5) and by production line Sand separating apparatus (1), cull board (2), burnishing device (4), it is characterised in that:
Ball sand separating apparatus (1), cull board (2), burnishing device (4) are to be carried out respectively separating, is chosen using steel ball deadweight Choosing and polishing;Lifting crane (5) are lifted on the top of production line.
2. it is automatically separated and polishing system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The ball sand separation Device (1) includes support (11), charging hopper (12), cylinder (13), roller (14) and cylinder support platform (15);The charging Hopper (12) is fixed on above support (11), and the front opening of its bottom opening and cylinder (13) is communicated;Cylinder (13) Open rearward end is connected with cull board (2), and the lower section of cylinder (13) is cylinder support platform (15), is drive cylinder between the two (13) roller (14) for rotating.
3. it is automatically separated and polishing system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cull board (2) it is the sloping platform shape that has a down dip.
4. it is automatically separated and polishing system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The cull board (2) angle of inclination is 1~7 °.
5. it is automatically separated and polishing system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Cylinder (13) Barrel is provided with the seam (131) that shakes out, and is fixed with vibrating mechanism (18) on outer wall;The top of support (11), outside hopper (12) Side is provided with operating platform (19).
6. according to being automatically separated and polishing system after the arbitrary described steel ball demoulding of claim 2 to 5, it is characterised in that:Described Burnishing device (4) includes that polishing casing (41) and bearing (43), polishing casing (41) are fixed on bearing by bearing (42) (43) on, and polishing casing (41) is driven in the upper rotation of bearing (43) by motor and belt transmission;Above polishing casing (41) It is provided with feed inlet and outlet (46);It is fixed on chassis (44) bottom of bearing (43);V belt translation shield is fixed with around belt (45).
7. it is automatically separated and polishing system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Also include turnover dress Put (3);Described turnover device (3) include turnover barrel (31), lifting shaft (32), pole (33), bottom sealing plate (34), axle sleeve (35) and Link (36);The tubbiness of described turnover barrel (31) in both ends open;Pole (33) is symmetrically fixed with the outside of axle sleeve (35), and It is fixed at turnover barrel (31) inside center by pole (33), the one end of lifting shaft (32) is perpendicularly fixed at bottom sealing plate (34), after, the other end passes axle sleeve (35) and is fixedly connected with link (36) afterwards;The diameter of bottom sealing plate (34) is slightly larger than turnover Bucket (31) bottom opening.
8. it is automatically separated and polishing system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Pole (33) For 2~5, the outside of axle sleeve (35) is uniformly distributed in;Trapezium structure of the bottom of turnover barrel (31) in closing in, top With diameter greater than charging hopper (12) and the diameter of feed inlet and outlet (46), the diameter of bottom sealing plate (34) be slightly less than feed hopper (12) and The diameter of feed inlet and outlet (46);The rotating speed of cylinder (13) is 30~50 revs/min;Described polishing casing (41) cross sectional shape be 5~8 side shapes;The width of the seam (131) that shakes out is 5~8mm;Link (36) with diameter greater than axle sleeve (35).
9. it is automatically separated and polishing system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The polishing casing (41) cross sectional shape is 6 side shapes, and rotating speed is 50~70 revs/min;Bottom sealing plate (34) are downward bell mouth shape;The charging Cover plate (17) is provided with hopper (12);Moulding sand collecting vessel (16) is provided with below cylinder (13).
10. the handling process with polishing system is automatically separated after a kind of steel ball demoulding, it is characterised in that step is:
Step one, ball sand separation:Steel ball module (6) after some demouldings is proceeded in charging hopper (12) by turnover device (3), Start ball sand separating apparatus (1), after steel ball module (6) is clashed into by deadweight mutually in cylinder (13), steel ball module (6) is opened Split, steel ball (61), rising head (62) and moulding sand (63) separate;Wherein, moulding sand (63) is leaked to moulding sand by the seam (131) that shakes out In collecting vessel (16);
Step 2, ball, rising head are selected certainly:Outlet of the steel ball (61) and rising head (62) after separating by cylinder (13), discharging To cull board (2);In the presence of the sloping platform for inclining under small angles, spherical steel ball (61) is freely rolled in turnover device (3);No The rising head (62) of regular shape is stayed on cull board (2);
Step 3, the polishing of steel ball:Turnover device (3) is hung up by the hook (51) of lifting crane (5), be transported to polishing dress Put (4), lifting crane (5) snaps in turnover device (3) after feed inlet and outlet (46), due to the own wt of steel ball (61), underseal Plate (34) is automatically opened up, and steel ball (61) rolls into the motor for starting polishing casing (41) in polishing casing (41), rotates polishing casing (41), roll in turnover device (3) after the mutual sanding and polishing of steel ball (61) in casing;
Step 4, products storage:Steel ball (61) after lifting crane (5) slings turnover device (3) by polishing is proceeded to into again Product case is deposited.
CN201611231330.7A 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 It is automatically separated and polishing system and its treatment process after a kind of demoulding of steel ball Active CN106493630B (en)

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