CN206445665U - Production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding - Google Patents

Production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206445665U
CN206445665U CN201621450326.5U CN201621450326U CN206445665U CN 206445665 U CN206445665 U CN 206445665U CN 201621450326 U CN201621450326 U CN 201621450326U CN 206445665 U CN206445665 U CN 206445665U
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China
Prior art keywords
steel ball
platform
roller
quality inspection
production system
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CN201621450326.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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张虎
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Ma'anshan Xinli Abrasion Resistant Material Co Ltd
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Ma'anshan Xinli Abrasion Resistant Material Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses production system after a kind of demoulding of steel ball, belong to abrasion-proof steel ball production technical field.Production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present utility model, ball sand separating apparatus, cull board, burnishing device, the quality inspection platform being sequentially distributed including lifting crane and by production line, ball sand separating apparatus, cull board, burnishing device, quality inspection platform are to be separated, selected respectively using steel ball deadweight, polished and quality inspection;Lifting crane is lifted on the top of production line.Ball sand separating apparatus is tapped mutually using steel ball weight itself, and steel ball module is separated;Cull board is using steel ball self gravitation and circular shape, and the characteristic that can be rolled is different from rising head and moulding sand and is automatically separated;In burnishing device, steel ball self gravitation and the circular mutual sanding and polishing of shape are utilized;On quality inspection platform, also freely rolled in raceway using the circular shape of steel ball, quality inspection personnel is capable of the quality state of comprehensive observation steel ball, so that easily choosing there are flaw substandard products.

Description

Production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding
Technical field
The utility model belongs to abrasion-proof steel ball production technical field, production system after specifically a kind of steel ball demoulding.
Background technology
Steel ball is the general term of steel ball, steel section and special-shaped abrasive body.Divide from profile, circular ball can be divided into, capsule ball, ellipse Ball, yin and yang sphere, hollow ball, many-sided ball, more scarce ball etc..The steel ball mode of production typically has forging, rolling, semi-solid forming and casting Make four major classes.Because history is along habit and some special use conditions of mining processing industry and integrated environment, background, in these industries In, forging occupies sizable ratio with rolling ball.Semi-solid forming then has unconventional casting, and non-simple die casting can be explained Clearly the characteristics of, cause people like casting, like the excellent properties that forging, the advanced technology that casting forging advantage haves both at the same time are formed with a kind of Concern.And steel ball casting is then with its simple, flexible, reliable mode of production, it is easy to accomplish the expansion of Low investment large-scale production The advantage of opening, especially when expert and engineer design in face of converter with various advanced technologies and alloy composition, is played endless Imagination, go to create one and another more novel, more advanced kind, to meet the sense of accomplishment that Competitive Needs are brought, more Non- ordinary person can know from experience.The high performance-price ratio of natural cast ball and the potentiality of sustainable development, make current and crush industry Especially cement crushes the main force taken as own duty in the industrial ball mode of production.
Steel ball module after the demoulding by 5 steel balls by moulding sand as shown in Fig. 2 typically sticked in around rising head, people Work point from when, it is necessary to break adhesion with iron hammer, three is separated, artificial treatment wastes time and energy, inefficient, desanding is not thorough.
Steel ball is during processing, it is necessary to sanding and polishing be carried out to it using special equipment, to reach steel ball most Good using effect.The larger steel ball of specification is typically polished using grinder buffing, and the typically use of the less steel ball of specification is whipped bucket and beaten Grinding and polishing light, so-called bucket of whipping is the cylindrical shape polishing case that a kind of inner chamber is provided with polishing layer, when polishing case is rotated, allows steel ball in it Wall is rolled, and reaches polishing effect with interior wall friction.But common polishing chamber interior wall is simple arc surface, polishing area is small, Grinding efficiency is low.
Due to all not carrying out the step of substandard products are selected, the steel ball that sanding and polishing comes out in the separation of steel ball, polishing process The substandard products that can have the defects such as burning into sand, slag inclusion, hole, mismatch are present, therefore it is also that technical staff needs to examine that how substandard products, which are selected, The technical problem of worry.
Through retrieval, Chinese Patent Application No. 201510210052.6, publication date 2015.04.28 patent document is disclosed A kind of steel ball produces and processes sanding apparatus, including support, outer case, inner barrel and sieve plate, and outer case, outer container are provided with support Inner barrel and sieve plate are provided with vivo, inner barrel uses double-decker, circular passage, inner barrel inwall are provided between outer wall and inwall Provided with projection, through hole is provided between projection;Sieve plate lower end is provided with Flexible Connector, outer case to be provided with close to sieve plate lower end Discharging opening;Steel ball to be polished is added in inner barrel, drives inner barrel to rotate by drive device, steel ball and inner barrel inwall On projection mutually collision friction, the break flour produced in steel ball bruting process can enter in circular passage from through hole, the practicality New polishing effect is good, and operating efficiency is high, and the break flour that steel ball polishing is produced can be separated with steel ball in time, and steel ball polishing is completed The impurity of steel ball surface can be cleaned out immediately afterwards.The utility model is beaten steel ball by inwall provided with projection Mill, it is raised between be additionally provided with through hole, because steel ball density is larger, when the steel ball being relatively large in diameter is polished in the utility model, Because impulsive force is larger, the infringement to projection is very big, causes sieve plate often to change, service life is not long.
Utility model content
1. the technical problem to be solved
For prior art be stripped after steel ball module manually separation wastes time and energy, inefficient, handle thoroughly and point The problem of poor from rear polishing efficiency, the utility model provides production system after a kind of demoulding of steel ball.It can make full use of steel Steel ball module is automatically separated by ball deadweight in roller, is polished certainly in cull board automatical point, in polishing case, treatment effeciency is high, Separation polishing is thorough.
2. technical scheme
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the utility model scheme is carried out in the following manner:
Production system after a kind of demoulding of steel ball, including lifting crane and be sequentially distributed by production line ball sand separating apparatus, Cull board, burnishing device, quality inspection platform, the ball sand separating apparatus, cull board, burnishing device, quality inspection platform are to utilize steel Ball deadweight is separated, selected, being polished and quality inspection respectively;Lifting crane is lifted on the top of production line.Ball sand separating apparatus profit Tapped mutually with steel ball weight itself, steel ball module is separated;Cull board, can using steel ball self gravitation and circular shape The characteristic of rolling, is different from rising head and moulding sand and is automatically separated;In burnishing device, steel ball self gravitation and circular shape are utilized The mutual sanding and polishing of shape;On quality inspection platform, also freely rolled in raceway using the circular shape of steel ball, quality inspection personnel can be complete The quality state of steel ball is observed in orientation, so as to easily choose substandard products defective.
Preferably, the ball sand separating apparatus includes support, charging hopper, roller, roller and cylinder support platform;It is described Charging hopper is fixed on above support, and the front opening of its bottom opening and roller is communicated;The open rearward end of the roller and choose Channel selection is connected, and the lower section of roller is cylinder support platform, the roller rotated between the two for drive roller.Steel ball module is in roller The interior rotation by roller, with reference to steel ball module own wt, provides impulsive force, by steel for the mutual percussion of steel ball module Ball, rising head and moulding sand are automatically separated;Quality inspection platform includes paralell, platform material bin, finished product from tumble flow road, substandard products from tumble flow Road;The finished product is fixed on paralell from tumble flow road and substandard products from tumble flow road, and respectively in the front and rear sides of paralell by platform The frame top inclined that dips down extends to ground;The platform material bin is fixed at the top of paralell, and the bottom of platform material bin goes out Mouthful and finished product communicated from tumble flow road, steel ball is in finished product from tumble flow road in free rolling process, and quality inspection personnel comprehensive can be examined Steel ball state is looked into, after the substandard products of the defects such as burning into sand, slag inclusion, hole, mismatch are picked out, time being had a down dip to other direction is put into After product are from tumble flow road, substandard products collecting box is rolled into, the zero defect steel ball free not being selected is tumbled to Turnover Box, finished product and substandard products It is successfully separated.
Preferably, cull board is the sloping platform shape having a down dip, and is that steel ball scrolls down through offer motive power, is different from non-circular emit Mouthful, it is impossible to the rising head of rolling is left on cull board, is automatically separated steel ball and rising head.
Preferably, the angle of inclination of cull board is 1~7 °, and different angles are selected according to the steel ball of different-diameter, is improved Versatility;The finished product is more than substandard products from tumble flow road from flow channel length is rolled, and tilt angled down is relatively small, and the speed tumbled is slow, is The inspection of quality inspection personnel provides more times, and finished product may be arranged as the closing in that width is tapered into downwards from tumble flow road Shape, can also set material blocking block in outlet, when having little time to select, the steel ball tumbled is blocked with material blocking block, in order to have enough Time selected;Finished product is screen from the top in tumble flow road, and bottom surface is grizzly bar shape gap, during facilitating ball burnishing The impurity such as dust, jacks are spilt from gap automatically;Platform is set at the top of paralell, it is convenient in top observation, platform to ground Face is connected with platform ladder, facilitates above and below quality inspection personnel.
Preferably, the roller barrel is provided with the seam that shakes out, and moulding sand is directly spilt from seam, and bobbing machine is fixed with outer wall Structure, it is to avoid steel ball module blocks charging aperture;Operating platform is provided with the outside of the top of the support, hopper, facilitates operative employee Observation.
Preferably, the burnishing device includes polishing casing and bearing, and the polishing casing is fixed on bearing by bearing On, and drive polishing casing to be rotated on bearing by motor and belt transmission;Feed inlet and outlet is provided with above polishing casing;Bearing Bottom be fixed on chassis;V belt translation shield is fixed with around belt.Polishing casing is provided mutually for steel ball from polishing Impulsive force, mutual sanding and polishing takes full advantage of circular and weight the attribute of steel ball itself, comprehensive sanding and polishing, polishing effect Rate is high.
Preferably, in addition to turnover device;The turnover device includes turnover barrel, lifting shaft, pole, bottom sealing plate, axle sleeve And link;The turnover barrel is in the tubbiness of both ends open;Pole is symmetrically fixed with the outside of the axle sleeve, and is fixed on by pole At turnover barrel inside center, one end of the lifting shaft is perpendicularly fixed at after bottom sealing plate, and the other end is passed after axle sleeve and link is consolidated Fixed connection;The diameter of the bottom sealing plate is slightly larger than turnover barrel bottom opening.Steel ball is transported to after subsequent processing, steel is made full use of Ball own wt opens bottom sealing plate, and steel ball is tumbled to subsequent processing, without overturning discharging, discharging efficiency high.
Preferably, pole is 2~5, the outside of axle sleeve is uniformly distributed in, to ensure the connection of pole and turnover barrel staving It is stable;The bottom of the turnover barrel is more than charging hopper, feed inlet and outlet and platform and entered in the trapezium structure closed up, the diameter on top The diameter of hopper, facilitates the top of turnover barrel to be stuck in charging hopper and feed inlet and outlet, the diameter of bottom sealing plate be slightly less than charging hopper, The diameter of feed inlet and outlet and platform material bin, facilitates bottom sealing plate to stretch into after charging hopper, feed inlet and outlet and platform material bin, lifting Axle declines, and bottom sealing plate is opened, and steel ball is rolled out, and falls into charging hopper and feed inlet and outlet;The rotating speed of the roller be 30~50 turns/ Point, too fast impulsive force is excessive, can cause damage of the rising head to steel ball;Cross slow impulsive force too small, cause separation not thorough;It is described It is 5 to 8 side shapes to polish casing cross sectional shape, when casing is circular, can cause regular motion of the steel ball in casing, steel ball Position and mutual reference position change are little, are polished mutually so as to be unfavorable for steel ball;And if casing corner angle too small (case Below the side shape of body 5), then the position and mutual reference position of steel ball can be caused to change excessive, steel ball has little time sanding and polishing just Huge change is produced, is also unfavorable for improving the sanding and polishing effect of steel ball, or even easily causes the mutual damage of steel ball;Casing Side number is bigger, closer to circle, and then is also unfavorable for the raising of sanding and polishing effect;Therefore, the production by inventor for many years The accumulation of experience and the collection of data, analysis and summary, it is that sanding and polishing effect is preferable in 5 to 8 side shapes to draw casing section Casing side scope;Wherein, 6 side shapes are optimal box shape;The width of the seam that shakes out is 5~8mm, to adapt to different steel Gauge ball lattice;The diameter of the link be more than axle sleeve, to limit the lifting travel of lifting shaft, it is to avoid lifting shaft excessive descent and take off Position.
Preferably, polishing casing cross sectional shape is 6 side shapes, and rotating speed is 50~70 revs/min, and too fast impulsive force is excessive, can make Into the mutual damage of steel ball;Cross slow impulsive force too small, cause sanding and polishing not thorough;The bottom sealing plate is downward horn mouth Shape, facilitates thoroughly tumbling for steel ball;Removable cover is provided with the charging hopper, airborne dust during separation is reduced;Under roller Side is provided with moulding sand collecting vessel, to collect the moulding sand spilt.
The production technology of production system after a kind of demoulding of steel ball, step is:
Step 1: ball sand separation:Steel ball module after some demouldings is transferred in charging hopper by turnover device, starts ball Sand separating apparatus, after steel ball module is hit mutually in roller by deadweight, steel ball module cracking, steel ball, rising head and moulding sand Separate;Wherein, moulding sand is by shaking out in seam leakage to moulding sand collecting vessel;
Step 2: ball, rising head are selected certainly:Steel ball and rising head after separation pass through the outlet of roller, discharging to cull board; In the presence of the sloping platform inclined under small angles, spherical steel ball free is rolled in turnover device;The rising head of irregular shape is stayed in On cull board;
Step 3: the polishing of steel ball:Turnover device is hung up by the hook of lifting crane, burnishing device is transported to, hung Turnover device is caught in after feed inlet and outlet by dress driving, and due to the own wt of steel ball, bottom sealing plate is automatically opened up, and steel ball rolls into polishing In casing, start the motor of polishing casing, rotate polishing casing, in casing after the mutual sanding and polishing of steel ball, roll into turnover device It is interior;
Step 4: quality inspection:By lifting crane sling turnover device by the steel ball after polishing be transferred to quality inspection platform carry out matter Inspection, turnover device is caught in after platform material bin by lifting crane, due to the own wt of steel ball, and bottom sealing plate is automatically opened up, steel ball Roll into platform material bin, and finished product is entered from tumble flow road by the outlet at bottom of platform material bin, quality inspection personnel exists in steel ball Finished product is picked out after substandard products from the rolling process in tumble flow road, and substandard products are delivered into substandard products from tumble flow road;Finished product steel ball is directly rolled into Finished product is from the turnover device of tumble flow road bottom;
Step 5: products storage:Turnover device is sling by lifting crane again the steel ball after quality inspection is transferred to finished product box and deposited Put.
Each processing step, takes full advantage of steel ball itself circle and the larger attribute of density, shortens the process time above, Process efficiency is improved, production cost is reduced, it is ensured that the quality of production of steel ball.
3. beneficial effect
The technical scheme provided using the utility model, compared with existing known technology, with following remarkable result:
(1) production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present utility model, ball sand separating apparatus is mutual using steel ball weight itself Mutually tap, steel ball module is separated, recycle steel ball self gravitation and circular shape, can roll, be different from rising head and make Molding sand and be automatically separated, finally, recycle on steel ball self gravitation and the circular mutual sanding and polishing of shape, quality inspection platform, Freely rolled in raceway using the circular shape of steel ball, quality inspection personnel is capable of the quality state of comprehensive observation steel ball, so that Easily choose substandard products defective, without extra increase aid be can reach separation, select, polish and quality inspection effect Really, so as to reduce production cost;
(2) production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present utility model, steel ball module in roller by the rotation of roller, With reference to steel ball module own wt, impulsive force is provided for the mutual percussion of steel ball module, steel ball, rising head and moulding sand is automatic Separation;Steel ball in finished product from tumble flow road in free rolling process, quality inspection personnel can comprehensive inspection steel ball state, will press from both sides After the substandard products of the defects such as sand, slag inclusion, hole, mismatch are picked out, after being put into the substandard products being had a down dip to other direction from tumble flow road, Substandard products collecting box is rolled into, the zero defect steel ball free not being selected is tumbled to Turnover Box, and finished product and substandard products are successfully separated;
(3) production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present utility model, the sloping platform shape cull board inclined, is that steel ball is scrolled down through Motive power is provided, non-circular rising head is different from, it is impossible to which the rising head of rolling is left on cull board, makes steel ball and rising head automatic Separation;
(4) production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present utility model, angle of inclination is 1~7 ° of cull board, according to not Steel ball with diameter selects different angles, improves versatility;Accumulation and data of the inventor through knowhow for many years are adopted Collection, analysis and summarize, angle of inclination is 1~5 ° of cull board, it is adaptable to 60~120mm of diameter steel ball, 6~7 ° are selected Platform, it is adaptable to 15~50mm of diameter steel ball;The tilt angled down in finished product from tumble flow road is small, and the speed that steel ball is tumbled is just relatively slow, is The inspection of quality inspection personnel provides more times, and finished product may be arranged as the closing in that width is tapered into downwards from tumble flow road Shape, can also set material blocking block in outlet, when having little time to select, the steel ball tumbled is blocked with material blocking block, in order to have enough Time selected, thoroughly substandard products can be chosen;The bottom surface of screen is grizzly bar shape gap, during facilitating ball burnishing The impurity such as dust, jacks spilt automatically from gap;
(5) production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present utility model, the setting for the seam that shakes out facilitates moulding sand directly from seam In spill;Vibrating mechanism such as vibrating motor, can avoid steel ball module from blocking charging aperture;
(6) production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present utility model, the polishing casing of rotary motion is the mutual of steel ball Impulsive force is provided from polishing, mutual sanding and polishing takes full advantage of circular and weight the attribute of steel ball itself, and comprehensive polishing is thrown Light, polishing efficiency is high;
(7) steel ball is transported to next work by production system after a kind of demoulding based on steel ball of the present utility model, turnover device After sequence, steel ball own wt is made full use of to open bottom sealing plate, steel ball is tumbled to subsequent processing, without overturning discharging, discharging effect Rate is high;
(8) production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present utility model, equally distributed pole ensure that pole and week The stable connection of turning barrel staving;The rotating speed of roller is 30~50 revs/min, and too fast impulsive force is excessive, can cause rising head to steel ball Damage;Cross slow impulsive force too small, cause separation not thorough;When polishing casing circle, steel ball can be caused regular in casing Motion, the position of steel ball and the change of mutual reference position be little, is polished mutually so as to be unfavorable for steel ball;And if casing side Angle angle too small (below the side shape of casing 5), then can cause the position and mutual reference position of steel ball to change excessive, steel ball comes not And sanding and polishing just produces huge change, also it is unfavorable for improving the sanding and polishing effect of steel ball, or even easily causes steel ball Damage mutually;Casing side number is bigger, closer to circle, and then is also unfavorable for the raising of sanding and polishing effect;Therefore, by invention The accumulation of the knowhow of people for many years and the collection of data, analysis and summary, show that casing section is thrown in 5 to 8 side shapes for polishing The preferable casing side scope of light effect;Wherein, 6 side shapes are optimal box shape;
(9) production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present utility model, polishing casing rotating speed is 50~70 revs/min, too fast Impulsive force is excessive, can cause the mutual damage of steel ball;Cross slow impulsive force too small, cause sanding and polishing not thorough;
(10) production technology of production system after a kind of steel ball of the present utility model is stripped, each processing step makes full use of Steel ball itself is circular and density larger attribute, shortens the process time, improves process efficiency, reduces production cost, It ensure that the quality of production of steel ball.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is production system flow chart after the steel ball demoulding of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the steel ball modular structure schematic diagram of before processing;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of ball sand separating apparatus of the present utility model and turnover device;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of burnishing device of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is the side view of burnishing device of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 is quality inspection platform structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 7 is quality inspection platform side view of the present utility model.
In figure:1st, ball sand separating apparatus;2nd, cull board;3rd, turnover device;4th, burnishing device;5th, lifting crane;6th, steel ball Module;7th, quality inspection platform;8th, finished product box;11st, support;12nd, feed hopper;13rd, roller;14th, roller;15th, cylinder support platform; 16th, moulding sand collecting vessel;17th, removable cover;18th, vibrating mechanism;19th, operating platform;31st, turnover barrel;32nd, lifting shaft;33rd, prop up Bar;34th, bottom sealing plate;35th, axle sleeve;36th, link;41st, casing is polished;42nd, bearing;43rd, bearing;44th, chassis;45th, V belt translation is protected Cover;46th, feed inlet and outlet;51st, link up with;61st, steel ball;62nd, rising head;63rd, moulding sand;131st, shake out seam;71st, paralell;72nd, platform Material bin;73rd, finished product is from tumble flow road;74th, screen;75th, substandard products are from tumble flow road;76th, platform ladder;77th, platform.
Embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the utility model is described in detail.
As shown in Fig. 2 steel ball 61, is bonded in around rising head 62 by the steel ball module 6 after the steel ball demoulding by moulding sand 63, It is tightly combined, it is necessary to which being hit with hammer can just split during artificial treatment, separative efficiency is poor.
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment a kind of steel ball the demoulding after production system, as shown in figure 1, including lifting crane 5 and by production line according to Ball sand separating apparatus 1, cull board 2, burnishing device 4, the quality inspection platform 7 of secondary distribution, the ball sand separating apparatus 1, cull board 2, Burnishing device 4, quality inspection platform 7 are to be separated, selected respectively using steel ball deadweight, polished and quality inspection;The lifting crane 5 It is lifted on the top of production line.Ball sand separating apparatus 1 is tapped mutually using steel ball weight itself, and steel ball module is separated, then profit With steel ball self gravitation and circular shape, it can roll, be different from rising head 62 and moulding sand 63 and be automatically separated, finally, then Utilize steel ball self gravitation and the circular mutual sanding and polishing of shape;On quality inspection platform 7, also using the circular shape of steel ball in rolling Freely rolled in road, quality inspection personnel is capable of the quality state of comprehensive observation steel ball, so as to easily choose substandard products defective.
Embodiment 2
Production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment, basic structure be the same as Example 1 is theed improvement is that:Such as Fig. 3 Shown, the ball sand separating apparatus 1 includes support 11, charging hopper 12, roller 13, roller 14 and cylinder support platform 15;Institute State charging hopper 12 to be fixed on above support 11, the front opening of its bottom opening and roller 13 is communicated;After the roller 13 End opening is connected with cull board 2, and the lower section of roller 13 is cylinder support platform 15, the rolling rotated between the two for drive roller 13 Wheel 14.Steel ball module, in the interior rotation by roller 13 of roller 13, is the mutual of steel ball module with reference to the own wt of steel ball module 6 Mutually tap and provide impulsive force, steel ball 61, rising head 62 and moulding sand 63 are automatically separated.Cull board 2 is the sloping platform shape having a down dip, and is Steel ball scrolls down through offer motive power, is different from non-circular rising head, it is impossible to which the rising head of rolling is left on cull board, makes steel Ball and rising head are automatically separated.The angle of inclination of cull board 2 is 1 °.The barrel of roller 13 is provided with the seam 131 that shakes out, and width is 8mm, Moulding sand 63 and steel ball 61, rising head 63 are directly spilt after separating from seam, vibrating mechanism 18 are fixed with outer wall, it is to avoid steel ball mould Group blocks charging aperture;The top of support 11, the outside of hopper 12 is provided with operating platform 19, facilitates the observation of operative employee.As schemed 4th, shown in 5, burnishing device 4 includes the polishing casing 41 and bearing 43 that section is 8 side shapes, and polishing casing 41 is fixed by bearing 42 Polishing casing 41 is driven to be rotated on bearing 43 on bearing 43, and by motor and belt transmission;Open the top of polishing casing 41 There is feed inlet and outlet 46;The bottom of bearing 43 is fixed on chassis 44;V belt translation shield 45 is fixed with around belt.Polish casing 41 provide impulsive force from polishing mutually for steel ball, and mutual sanding and polishing takes full advantage of circular and weight the category of steel ball itself Property, comprehensive sanding and polishing, polishing efficiency is high.As shown in Figure 6,7, quality inspection platform 7 include paralell 71, platform material bin 72, Finished product is from tumble flow road 73, substandard products from tumble flow road 75;Finished product is fixed on paralell 71 from tumble flow road 73 and substandard products from tumble flow road 75, and Ground is extended to by the top of paralell 71 inclined that dips down in the front and rear sides of paralell 71 respectively;Platform material bin 72 is fixed on The top of paralell 71, the outlet at bottom and finished product of platform material bin 72 are communicated from tumble flow road 73, and steel ball is in finished product from tumble flow road 73 In interior free rolling process, quality inspection personnel can comprehensive inspection steel ball state, by defects such as burning into sand, slag inclusion, hole, mismatches After substandard products are picked out, after being put into the substandard products being had a down dip to other direction from tumble flow road 75, substandard products collecting box is rolled into, is not selected Zero defect steel ball free tumble to Turnover Box, finished product and substandard products are successfully separated.
The production technology of production system, handles a diameter of 120mm steel ball, step after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment For:
Step 1: ball sand separation:Steel ball module 6 after some demouldings is transferred in charging hopper 12 by Turnover Box, started Ball sand separating apparatus 1, the rotating speed of roller 13 is 30 revs/min, after steel ball module 6 is hit mutually in roller 13 by deadweight, steel ball Module 6 is ftractureed, and steel ball 61, rising head 62 and moulding sand 63 are separated;Wherein, moulding sand 63 is received by the leakage of seam 131 to the moulding sand that shakes out Collect in bucket 16;
Step 2: ball, rising head are selected certainly:Steel ball 61 and rising head 62 after separation is by the outlet of roller 13, and discharging is extremely Cull board 2;In the presence of 1 ° of sloping platform is in angle of inclination, spherical steel ball 61 is freely rolled in turnover device 3;Irregular shape The rising head 62 of shape is stayed on cull board 2;
Step 3: the polishing of steel ball:Turnover Box is hung up by the hook 51 of lifting crane 5, burnishing device 4 is transported to It is interior, start the motor of polishing casing 41, rotate polishing casing 41, rotating speed is 50 revs/min, the mutual sanding and polishing of steel ball 61 in casing Afterwards, roll into Turnover Box;
Step 4: quality inspection:Turnover device 3 is sling by lifting crane 5 steel ball 61 after polishing is transferred into quality inspection platform 7 Row quality inspection, lifting crane 5 pours into the steel ball in Turnover Box after platform material bin 72, and is gone out by the bottom of platform material bin 72 Mouth enters finished product from tumble flow road 73, and quality inspection personnel in rolling process of the finished product from tumble flow road 73, picks out substandard products in steel ball 61 Afterwards, substandard products are delivered into substandard products from tumble flow road 75;Finished product steel ball 61 directly rolls into finished product from the turnover device 3 of the bottom of tumble flow road 73 It is interior;
Step 5: products storage:Turnover Box is sling by the steel ball 61 after quality inspection by lifting crane 5 again and is transferred to finished product box 8 Storage.
Embodiment 3
Production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment, basic structure be the same as Example 2, is improved and difference exists In:It is 5 side shapes to polish the section of casing 41;Shake out seam 131, and width is 5mm;Also include turnover device 3;Turnover device 3 includes week Turning barrel 31, lifting shaft 32, pole 33, bottom sealing plate 34, axle sleeve 35 and link 36;Turnover barrel 31 is in the tubbiness of both ends open;Axle sleeve 35 outsides are symmetrically fixed with pole 33, and are fixed on by pole 33 at the inside center of turnover barrel 31, and one end of lifting shaft 32 is hung down Directly it is fixed on after bottom sealing plate 34, the other end is passed after axle sleeve 35 and is fixedly connected with link 36;The diameter of bottom sealing plate 34 is slightly larger than week The bottom opening of turning barrel 31.Steel ball is transported to after subsequent processing, makes full use of steel ball own wt to open bottom sealing plate 34, steel ball Tumble to subsequent processing, without overturning discharging, discharging efficiency high.Pole 33 is 2, is symmetrically distributed in the outside of axle sleeve 35, with Ensure the stable connection of pole and the staving of turnover barrel 31;The bottom of turnover barrel 31 is in the trapezium structure closed up, and the diameter on top is big In charging hopper 12 and the diameter of feed inlet and outlet 46 and platform material bin 72, the top of turnover barrel 31 is facilitated to be stuck in charging hopper 12 and feed inlet and outlet 46, the diameter of bottom sealing plate 34 is slightly less than the straight of charging hopper 12 and feed inlet and outlet 46 and platform material bin 72 Footpath 10mm, facilitates bottom sealing plate 34 to stretch into after charging hopper 12 and feed inlet and outlet 46, lifting shaft 32 declines, and bottom sealing plate 34 is opened, steel Ball is rolled out, and falls into charging hopper 12 and feed inlet and outlet 46;The angle of inclination of cull board 2 is 7 °;Finished product is more than from the length of tumble flow road 73 Substandard products are from tumble flow road 75 at 2 times or so, and tilt angled down is relatively small, and the speed tumbled is slow, is provided more for the inspection of quality inspection personnel Many time, finished product may be arranged as the closing in shape that width is tapered into downwards from tumble flow road 73, can also be set in outlet Material blocking block, when having little time to select, the steel ball tumbled is blocked with material blocking block, in order to there is time enough to be selected;Finished product It is screen 74 from the top in tumble flow road 73, bottom surface is grizzly bar shape gap, facilitates dust, jacks during ball burnishing etc. miscellaneous Matter is spilt from gap automatically;The top of paralell 71 sets platform 77, and convenient in top observation, platform 77 to ground is connected with flat Platform ladder 76, facilitates above and below quality inspection personnel;
The technique for grinding of production system, handles a diameter of 15mm steel ball, step after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment For:
Step 1: ball sand separation:Steel ball module 6 after some demouldings is transferred in charging hopper 12 by turnover device 3, opened Dynamic ball sand separating apparatus 1, the rotating speed of roller 13 is 50 revs/min, after steel ball module 6 is hit mutually in roller 13 by deadweight, steel Ball module 6 is ftractureed, and steel ball 61, rising head 62 and moulding sand 63 are separated;Wherein, moulding sand 63 is leaked to moulding sand by the seam 131 that shakes out In collecting vessel 16;
Step 2: ball, rising head are selected certainly:Steel ball 61 and rising head 62 after separation is by the outlet of roller 13, and discharging is extremely Cull board 2;In the presence of 7 ° of sloping platform is in angle of inclination, spherical steel ball 61 is freely rolled in turnover device 3;Irregular shape The rising head 62 of shape is stayed on cull board 2;
Step 3: the polishing of steel ball:Turnover device 3 is hung up by the hook 51 of lifting crane 5, burnishing device is transported to 4, turnover device 3 is caught in after feed inlet and outlet 46 by lifting crane 5, due to the own wt of steel ball 61, and bottom sealing plate 34 is automatically opened up, Steel ball 61 is rolled into polishing casing 41, starts the motor of polishing casing 41, is rotated steel ball 61 in polishing casing 41, casing and is beaten mutually After grinding and polishing light, roll into turnover device 3;
Step 4: quality inspection:Turnover device 3 is sling by lifting crane 5 steel ball 61 after polishing is transferred into quality inspection platform 7 Turnover device 3 is caught in after platform material bin 72 by row quality inspection, lifting crane 5, due to the own wt of steel ball 61, and bottom sealing plate 34 is certainly Dynamic to open, steel ball 61 is rolled into platform material bin 72, and enters finished product from tumble flow road by the outlet at bottom of platform material bin 72 73, quality inspection personnel in rolling process of the finished product from tumble flow road 73, is picked out after substandard products in steel ball 61, and substandard products are delivered into substandard products certainly Tumble flow road 75;Finished product steel ball 61 directly rolls into finished product from the turnover device 3 of the bottom of tumble flow road 73;
Step 5: products storage:Turnover device 3 is sling by the steel ball 61 after quality inspection by lifting crane 5 again and is transferred to finished product Case 8 is deposited.
Embodiment 4
Production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment, basic structure be the same as Example 3, is improved and difference exists In:The angle of inclination of cull board 2 is 4 °;The rotating speed of roller 13 is 40 revs/min;As shown in Figure 1,3, polishing casing 41 cross sectional shape is 6 Side shape, rotating speed is 60 revs/min, and too fast impulsive force is excessive, can cause the mutual damage of steel ball;Cross slow impulsive force too small, cause to beat Grinding and polishing light is not thorough;Pole 33 is 5, improves the stability of connection, and bottom sealing plate 34 is downward bell mouth shape, facilitates steel ball Thoroughly tumble;The removable cover 17 of push-pull type is provided with charging hopper 12, airborne dust when separating is reduced and facilitates opening for cover plate Close;The lower section of roller 13 is provided with moulding sand collecting vessel 16, to collect the moulding sand spilt.
The technique for grinding of production system, handles a diameter of 60mm steel ball, step after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment For:
Step 1: ball sand separation:Steel ball module 6 after some demouldings is transferred in charging hopper 12 by turnover device 3, opened Dynamic ball sand separating apparatus 1, the rotating speed of roller 13 is 40 revs/min, after steel ball module 6 is hit mutually in roller 13 by deadweight, steel Ball module 6 is ftractureed, and steel ball 61, rising head 62 and moulding sand 63 are separated;Wherein, moulding sand 63 is leaked to moulding sand by the seam 131 that shakes out In collecting vessel 16;
Step 2: ball, rising head are selected certainly:Steel ball 61 and rising head 62 after separation is by the outlet of roller 13, and discharging is extremely Cull board 2;In the presence of 4 ° of sloping platform is in angle of inclination, spherical steel ball 61 is freely rolled in turnover device 3;Irregular shape The rising head 62 of shape is stayed on cull board 2;
Step 3: the polishing of steel ball:Turnover device 3 is hung up by the hook 51 of lifting crane 5, burnishing device is transported to 4, turnover device 3 is caught in after feed inlet and outlet 46 by lifting crane 5, due to the own wt of steel ball 61, the bottom sealing plate of bell mouth shape 34 automatically open up, steel ball 61 thoroughly all rolls into polishing casing 41 in, start polishing casing 41 motor, rotating speed be 60 turns/ Divide, rotation polishing casing 41, in casing after the mutual sanding and polishing of steel ball 61, roll into turnover device 3;
Step 4: quality inspection:Turnover device 3 is sling by lifting crane 5 steel ball 61 after polishing is transferred into quality inspection platform 7 Turnover device 3 is caught in after platform material bin 72 by row quality inspection, lifting crane 5, due to the own wt of steel ball 61, and bottom sealing plate 34 is certainly Dynamic to open, steel ball 61 is rolled into platform material bin 72, and enters finished product from tumble flow road by the outlet at bottom of platform material bin 72 73, quality inspection personnel in rolling process of the finished product from tumble flow road 73, is picked out after substandard products in steel ball 61, and substandard products are delivered into substandard products certainly Tumble flow road 75;Finished product steel ball 61 directly rolls into finished product from the turnover device 3 of the bottom of tumble flow road 73;
Step 5: products storage:Turnover device 3 is sling by the steel ball 61 after quality inspection by lifting crane 5 again and is transferred to finished product Case 8 is deposited.
Embodiment 5
Production system, basic structure be the same as Example 4 after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment;Different and improvements exist In:As shown in fig. 7, finished product is provided with 2 from tumble flow road 73, divide row substandard products from the both sides of tumble flow road 75, equally, platform material bin 72 Two are also provided with, is communicated respectively with finished product from tumble flow road 73;
The technique for grinding of production system, handles a diameter of 40mm and 80mm mixing after a kind of steel ball demoulding of the present embodiment Steel ball, step is:
Step 1: ball sand separation:Steel ball module 6 after some demouldings is transferred in charging hopper 12 by turnover device 3, opened Dynamic ball sand separating apparatus 1, the rotating speed of roller 13 is 40 revs/min, after steel ball module 6 is hit mutually in roller 13 by deadweight, steel Ball module 6 is ftractureed, and steel ball 61, rising head 62 and moulding sand 63 are separated;Wherein, moulding sand 63 is leaked to moulding sand by the seam 131 that shakes out In collecting vessel 16;
Step 2: ball, rising head are selected certainly:Steel ball 61 and rising head 62 after separation is by the outlet of roller 13, and discharging is extremely Cull board 2;In the presence of 4 ° of sloping platform is in angle of inclination, spherical steel ball 61 is freely rolled in turnover device 3;Irregular shape The rising head 62 of shape is stayed on cull board 2;
Step 3: the polishing of steel ball:Turnover device 3 is hung up by the hook 51 of lifting crane 5, burnishing device is transported to 4, turnover device 3 is caught in after feed inlet and outlet 46 by lifting crane 5, due to the own wt of steel ball 61, the bottom sealing plate of bell mouth shape 34 are automatically opened up, and steel ball 61 is thoroughly all rolled into polishing casing 41, starts the motor of polishing casing 41, and motor is watched for frequency conversion Motor is taken, polishing casing 41 is rotated, after rotating speed is first rotated 10 minutes for 50 revs/min, then rotating speed is adjusted to 60 revs/min of 20 points of rotations In clock, casing after the mutual sanding and polishing of steel ball 61 of two kinds of specifications, roll into turnover device 3;
Step 4: screening:Steel ball in previous step turnover device 3 is gone into screening plant, steel sieve by lifting crane 5 Mesh is after 50mm separates the steel ball of two kinds of specifications, in packing to two turnover devices 3;
Step 5: quality inspection:Turnover device 3 is sling by 61 points of two kinds of steel balls after polishing by lifting crane 5 and is transferred to quality inspection 2 finished products of platform 7 carry out quality inspection from tumble flow road 73, and 2 turnover devices 3 are respectively clamped into 2 platform material bins by lifting crane 5 After 72, due to the own wt of steel ball 61, bottom sealing plate 34 is automatically opened up, and steel ball 61 is rolled into respective platform material bin 72, and Respective finished product is entered from tumble flow road 73 by the outlet at bottom of platform material bin 72, quality inspection personnel is rolled certainly in steel ball 61 in finished product In the rolling process of runner 73, pick out after substandard products, substandard products are delivered into substandard products from tumble flow road 75;Finished product steel ball 61 is directly rolled into Product are from the turnover device 3 of the bottom of tumble flow road 73;
Step 6: products storage:Turnover device 3 is sling by the steel ball 61 after quality inspection by lifting crane 5 again and is transferred to finished product Case 8 is deposited.
The steel ball of two kinds of specifications of size is confused into processing, the difference of size sphere diameter can be made full use of, mutually polishing Polishing, coordinates different body pivot speed, makes polishing more thorough.
Schematically the invention and embodiments thereof are described above, the description is not restricted.So, If one of ordinary skill in the art is enlightened by it, in the case where not departing from this creation objective, without creative design Go out the frame mode similar to the technical scheme and embodiment, the protection domain of this patent all should be belonged to.

Claims (9)

1. production system after a kind of demoulding of steel ball, including be sequentially distributed by production line ball sand separating apparatus (1), cull board (2), Burnishing device (4), quality inspection platform (7), it is characterised in that:
The ball sand separating apparatus (1), cull board (2), burnishing device (4), quality inspection platform (7) are to conduct oneself with dignity to distinguish using steel ball Separated, selected, being polished, quality inspection;The upper lifting of production line has lifting crane (5).
2. production system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Ball sand separating apparatus (1) bag Include support (11), charging hopper (12), roller (13), roller (14) and cylinder support platform (15);The charging hopper (12) It is fixed on above support (11), the front opening of its bottom opening and roller (13) is communicated;The open rearward end of the roller (13) It is connected with cull board (2), the lower section of roller (13) is cylinder support platform (15), is rotated between the two to drive roller (13) Roller (14).
3. production system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cull board (2) has a down dip Sloping platform shape;The quality inspection platform (7) includes paralell (71), platform material bin (72), finished product and rolled certainly from tumble flow road (73), substandard products Runner (75);The finished product is fixed on paralell (71) from tumble flow road (73) and substandard products from tumble flow road (75), and respectively in platform The front and rear sides of frame (71) extend to ground by paralell (71) top inclined that dips down;The platform material bin (72) is fixed on At the top of paralell (71), the outlet at bottom and finished product of platform material bin (72) are communicated from tumble flow road (73).
4. production system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The inclination angle of the cull board (2) Spend for 1~7 °;The finished product is more than substandard products from tumble flow road (75) from tumble flow road (73) length;Top of the finished product from tumble flow road (73) For screen (74);Platform (77) is set at the top of paralell (71), and platform (77) to ground is connected with platform ladder (76).
5. production system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Roller (13) barrel is provided with out Sand stitches (131), and vibrating mechanism (18) is fixed with outer wall;The top of the support (11), hopper is provided with behaviour on the outside of (12) Make platform (19).
6. production system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Also include turnover device (3);It is described Turnover device (3) includes turnover barrel (31), lifting shaft (32), pole (33), bottom sealing plate (34), axle sleeve (35) and link (36); The turnover barrel (31) is in the tubbiness of both ends open;Pole (33) is symmetrically fixed with the outside of the axle sleeve (35), and passes through pole (33) it is fixed at turnover barrel (31) inside center, one end of the lifting shaft (32) is perpendicularly fixed at after bottom sealing plate (34), separately One end passes axle sleeve (35) and is fixedly connected afterwards with link (36);The diameter of the bottom sealing plate (34) is slightly larger than turnover barrel (31) bottom Opening.
7. production system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The burnishing device (4) includes throwing Light box body (41) and bearing (43), the polishing casing (41) are fixed on bearing (43) by bearing (42), and pass through motor Polishing casing (41) is driven to be rotated on bearing (43) with belt transmission;Feed inlet and outlet (46) is provided with above polishing casing (41); The bottom of bearing (43) is fixed on chassis (44);V belt translation shield (45) is fixed with around belt.
8. production system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The pole (33) is 2~5, It is uniformly distributed in the outside of axle sleeve (35);The bottom of the turnover barrel (31) is more than in the trapezium structure closed up, the diameter on top The diameter of charging hopper (12), feed inlet and outlet (46) and platform material bin (72), the diameter of bottom sealing plate (34) is slightly less than charging material The diameter of bucket (12), feed inlet and outlet (46) and platform material bin (72);The rotating speed of the roller (13) is 30~50 revs/min;Institute It is 5~8 side shapes to state polishing casing (41) cross sectional shape;The width of the seam (131) that shakes out is 5~8mm;The link (36) Diameter is more than axle sleeve (35).
9. production system after the steel ball demoulding according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Polishing casing (41) section shape Shape is 6 side shapes, and rotating speed is 50~70 revs/min;The bottom sealing plate (34) is downward bell mouth shape;On the charging hopper (12) It is provided with removable cover (17);Moulding sand collecting vessel (16) is provided with below roller (13).
CN201621450326.5U 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Production system after a kind of steel ball demoulding Expired - Fee Related CN206445665U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106695526A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-24 马鞍山鑫力耐磨材料有限公司 Steel ball after-demolding production system and production process thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106695526A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-24 马鞍山鑫力耐磨材料有限公司 Steel ball after-demolding production system and production process thereof

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