CN106476110A - A kind of Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method - Google Patents

A kind of Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method Download PDF

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CN106476110A
CN106476110A CN201611051468.9A CN201611051468A CN106476110A CN 106476110 A CN106476110 A CN 106476110A CN 201611051468 A CN201611051468 A CN 201611051468A CN 106476110 A CN106476110 A CN 106476110A
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bamboo
substrate material
bamboo substrate
high density
composite sheet
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CN106476110B (en
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张大全
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LESHAN JINKOUHE SENBAO WILD PLANT DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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LESHAN JINKOUHE SENBAO WILD PLANT DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27NMANUFACTURE BY DRY PROCESSES OF ARTICLES, WITH OR WITHOUT ORGANIC BINDING AGENTS, MADE FROM PARTICLES OR FIBRES CONSISTING OF WOOD OR OTHER LIGNOCELLULOSIC OR LIKE ORGANIC MATERIAL
    • B27N3/00Manufacture of substantially flat articles, e.g. boards, from particles or fibres
    • B27N3/08Moulding or pressing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K1/00Damping wood
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K3/00Impregnating wood, e.g. impregnation pretreatment, for example puncturing; Wood impregnation aids not directly involved in the impregnation process
    • B27K3/02Processes; Apparatus
    • B27K3/08Impregnating by pressure, e.g. vacuum impregnation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K5/00Treating of wood not provided for in groups B27K1/00, B27K3/00
    • B27K5/06Softening or hardening of wood
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D133/00Coating compositions based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by only one carboxyl radical, or of salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides, or nitriles thereof; Coating compositions based on derivatives of such polymers
    • C09D133/04Homopolymers or copolymers of esters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D5/00Coating compositions, e.g. paints, varnishes or lacquers, characterised by their physical nature or the effects produced; Filling pastes
    • C09D5/18Fireproof paints including high temperature resistant paints
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/40Additives
    • C09D7/60Additives non-macromolecular
    • C09D7/61Additives non-macromolecular inorganic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/40Additives
    • C09D7/60Additives non-macromolecular
    • C09D7/63Additives non-macromolecular organic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K2240/00Purpose of the treatment
    • B27K2240/30Fireproofing
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/02Flame or fire retardant/resistant
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/03Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing three or more polymers in a blend

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Forests & Forestry (AREA)
  • Materials Engineering (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Inorganic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Chemical And Physical Treatments For Wood And The Like (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of gastrodia liquor anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method, comprise the following steps:Bamboo substrate material skeleton splices, the glued material preparation of bamboo base chip, the mother's base board body preparation of bamboo substrate material, the mother's base board body defat of bamboo substrate material, dyeing and drying and processing, the dipping glue of bamboo substrate material mother's base board body, ageing and drying and processing, prepared by bamboo substrate material embryonic plate, bamboo substrate material embryonic plate health preserving, and painting flame retardant paint, finally obtain bamboo substrate material finished product material.The present invention improves the utilization rate of bamboo and wood materials, obtains high fire-retardance rate, the bamboo substrate material of high intensity, effectively alleviates the rare present situation of solid wood material, meet the use demand to bamboo substrate material for the consumer.

Description

A kind of Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to gastrodia liquor production technical field, multiple with anti-flaming bamboo base high density particularly to a kind of Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation Plywood material preparation method.
Background technology
In the Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation later stage, need gastrodia liquor is positioned on the rack in curing chamber and carry out depth ripening, be used for The rack of gastrodia liquor ripening, usually requires that and avoids adopting metal supporter, typically adopts solid wood rack or close to reality The rack of wood, meanwhile, the curing chamber that gastrodia liquor yeasting is selected generally also requires that using solid wood or close to reality The material of wood processes.And the choice requirement height of solid wood material, stock utilization are low, and damage natural ecological environment, therefore China and the international society tends to completely forbidding felling or limits felling, has caused high-quality solid wood material significantly critical shortage Situation.
Bamboo wood fast growth, fertility are strong, cycle is short, yield are high, aboundresources, and it is tough to have stronger longitudinal direction Property, higher hardness, bending strength, therefore wood substituted by bamboo be alleviate timber supply and demand contradiction important measures, be also a kind of high-quality Timber substitute raw material.The bamboo yield of China occupies the 35% of Gross World Product, and bamboo is as second money of China forest Source, quantity is big, distribution is wide, potentiality are unlimited.And bamboo is to grow circulation plant the fastest in the world, the speed of growth is fast-growing By 3 times of tree, averagely 1 meter about can be grown the soonest daily, the permanent shaped cycle, the cutting cycle was short at 30-40 days about;And with The bamboo grove of area discharges 35% oxygen than the woods more, and bamboo can fix 6 cubic metres of soil, and per hectare bamboo grove can inhale Receive 12 tons of the carbon dioxide of in the air, can 1000 tons of water-retention.So the development and utilization of bamboo, to natural, ecology, environmental protection extremely Favorably, but the bamboo industry of China existing still in the processing extensive stage.Due to technology and design defect, bamboo substrate material is answered With being mainly limited to the splicing of bamboo substrate material and the use of big specification ring, the bamboo base producing during utilizing for bamboo substrate material Chip then directly abandons, and causes great bamboo sill to waste, meanwhile, the bamboo substrate material fire protecting performance that prior art obtains Difference, holds fire hazardous, there is serious potential safety hazard, and its intensity is also poor, limit the range of bamboo substrate material And application.
Analyzed based on above, my company sets up project team, after triennium, develop a kind of Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation with fire-retardant Bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method, improves the utilization rate of bamboo and wood materials, obtains high fire-retardance rate, the bamboo substrate of high intensity Material, effectively alleviates the rare present situation of solid wood material, meets the use demand to bamboo substrate material for the gastrodia liquor manufacturer.
Content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is, for the technical problem of existing bamboo substrate material and its processing technique presence, to design a kind of sky Numb wine fermentation anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method, improves the utilization rate of bamboo and wood materials, obtain high fire-retardance rate, The bamboo substrate material of high intensity, effectively alleviates the rare present situation of solid wood material, meets the use demand to bamboo substrate material for the consumer.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation is with anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method it is characterised in that including following walking Suddenly:
Step a:Bamboo substrate material skeleton splices, and carries out cross to the horizontal bamboo cane (1) after cutting and vertical bamboo cane (2) and interlocks Braiding, knits out bamboo substrate material framework main;
Step b:The glued material preparation of bamboo base chip, bamboo base chip and adhesive glue are 50~80 according to mass ratio:1~3 Ratio is mixed, and is delivered to steam pipe oven and carries out bamboo base chip ripening after fully mixing;
Step c:The mother's base board body preparation of bamboo substrate material, carries out height to the bamboo substrate material framework main obtaining in step a Warm water boils softening, and the bamboo substrate material framework main after softening is positioned in shaping mold cavity (3), and fills step in shaping mold cavity The bamboo base chip gluing material of preparation in b, being pressed glued to bamboo substrate material framework main and bamboo base chip material using forming press is one Body structure, obtains bamboo substrate material mother's base board body;
Step d:Carry out defat, dyeing, drying and processing to processing the bamboo substrate material mother's base board body obtaining in step c;
Step e:Bamboo substrate material mother's base board body after step d is processed carries out impregnating glue, ageing, drying and processing;
Step f:High temperature hot pressing is carried out to the bamboo substrate material mother's base board body after being aged in step e, density is made in sizing For 1.8~1.95kg/cm2Bamboo substrate material embryonic plate;
Step g:The bamboo substrate material embryonic plate obtaining in step f is put in conditioning room and is dried, control temperature is 40 DEG C~50 DEG C, humidity is 65%~75%, makes moisture content be adjusted to 5%~7%;
Step h:Bamboo substrate material embryonic plate health preserving, bamboo substrate material embryonic plate is placed in health preserving 6~9 days in conditioning room;
Step i:Apply flame retardant paint, bamboo substrate material embryonic plate is placed in evacuation in pressure vessel and processes, then by bamboo substrate material Embryonic plate makes fire retardant treatment fluid penetrate into the inside of bamboo substrate material embryonic plate by the processing method of impregnating by pressure, in bamboo substrate material embryo Plate periphery forms flame-retardant layer (4), obtains bamboo substrate material finished product material.
Further, being specifically processed as of described step d:First by modified bamboo material through atmospheric steam, boiling water ungrease treatment, then enter Row drains, dries, and then bamboo material is dyeed and is dried, Balance Treatment.
Further, when carrying out impregnating glue in described step e, using plant type glue impregnated cloth glue.
Further, when carrying out thermocompression forming in described step f, hot pressing temperature controls at 185~200 degree, presses embryonic plate simultaneously Thickness sets heat time heating time, and initial total time sets in the way of every lmm sets 2 minutes, when embryonic plate sizing thickness is more than 15mm, Often thicken 1mm and extend 12~15 seconds.
Further, the vacuum in described step i is in 0~0.05Mpa.
Further, the adhesive glue of described step b is waterproof glue, and this waterproof glue selects modified phenolic or soluble polyurethane.
Further, the flame retardant paint constituent in described rapid i is:Pure-acrylic emulsion, fire retardant, bamboo carbon powder, photocatalyst, mould proof Agent, alkali soluble is swollen acrylic thickener, linear alkyl arylsulfonates, phenolic resin, Colophonium, ethylene glycol, sodium silicate, titanium white Powder.
Further, the flame retardant paint in described rapid i, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:5~10 parts of pure-acrylic emulsion, fire-retardant 0.5~1.5 part of agent, 5~8 parts of bamboo carbon powder, 3~5 parts of photocatalyst, 0.3~0.5 part of antifungus agent, alkali soluble is swollen acrylic thickener 1.2~1.9 parts, 2.3~3.3 parts of linear alkyl arylsulfonates, phenolic resin 4~part, 1~2 part of Colophonium, ethylene glycol 2~3 Part, 3~5 parts of sodium silicate, 4~7 parts of titanium dioxide.
Further, in described step i, the thickness of flame-retardant layer (4) is not less than 3mm.
The invention provides a kind of Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method, with prior art Compare, have the beneficial effects that:
1st, the Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method being designed by the present invention, obtains bamboo base It is for example mothproof, mould proof, fire-retardant etc. that plate composite board possesses high intensity, high density, multi-functional characteristic, texture is fine and smooth, closely, decorative pattern from So, more can facilitate the needs of intensive processing, be easy to cutting and refine, volume recovery is high, and raw material is greatly saved, in the later stage plus A large amount of human costs, energy efficient can be saved during work, save Factory Building place.And the adjuvant of bamboo makes a silk purse out of a sow's ear and develops into again The raw material of full bamboo board of different gears and derived product, the utilization rate that improve full bamboo reaches 80%, has widened and has been substituted with bamboo Field selected by the raw material of the famous and precious timber of high-quality, and the total quality solving anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material is stable, be benefit the nation, The whole bamboo high strength of energy rapid, high volume manufacture of favorable to the people, sharp enterprise, high density furniture, the manufacture method of art work.
2nd, the Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method being designed by the present invention, obtains bamboo base Plate composite board has high intensity, high density, anti-flammability, Anti-moth-eating, wearability, anti-rotten, anti-mildew, low water absorption, expansion Many physics and chemistry, the practical index such as coefficient is micro-, sound-insulating excellent performance, natural figure, volatilization nature bamboo perfume (or spice);Suitable intensive processing, Due to overall high intensity, high density, can reach seam closely, firmly install, be easy to engrave, milling, car, plane, carving, quarter, mosaic, Close and see the Practical Performance such as durable.
3rd, the Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method being designed by this present invention, obtains bamboo Substrate composite board has good anti-flammability, and fire protecting performance greatly promotes, and eliminates and the link such as produces, stores, transports and use Unsafe factor.Bamboo board after fire retardant treated, its range of application is expanded, and can widely be applied to fire prevention etc. Level requires higher place, is further applicable to building, transport, the every field such as packaging, furniture, decoration, light industry.
Brief description
Fig. 1 design for the present invention in laterally bamboo cane and vertical bamboo cane cross weaving structural representation.
Fig. 2 design for the present invention in shaping mold cavity structural representation.
Fig. 3 design for the present invention in bamboo substrate material framework main and shaping mold cavity assembling structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 design for the present invention in bamboo substrate material finished product material structural representation.
Specific embodiment
Refering to accompanying drawing 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the present invention is described further.
The present invention relates to a kind of Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation with anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method it is characterised in that Comprise the following steps:
Step a:Bamboo substrate material skeleton splices, and carries out cross to the horizontal bamboo cane (1) after cutting and vertical bamboo cane (2) and interlocks Braiding, knits out bamboo substrate material framework main;
Step b:The glued material preparation of bamboo base chip, bamboo base chip and adhesive glue are 50~80 according to mass ratio:1~3 Ratio is mixed, and is delivered to steam pipe oven and carries out bamboo base chip ripening after fully mixing;
Step c:The mother's base board body preparation of bamboo substrate material, carries out height to the bamboo substrate material framework main obtaining in step a Warm water boils softening, and the bamboo substrate material framework main after softening is positioned in shaping mold cavity (3), and fills step in shaping mold cavity The bamboo base chip gluing material of preparation in b, being pressed glued to bamboo substrate material framework main and bamboo base chip material using forming press is one Body structure, obtains bamboo substrate material mother's base board body;
Step d:Carry out defat, dyeing, drying and processing to processing the bamboo substrate material mother's base board body obtaining in step c;
Step e:Bamboo substrate material mother's base board body after step d is processed carries out impregnating glue, ageing, drying and processing;
Step f:High temperature hot pressing is carried out to the bamboo substrate material mother's base board body after being aged in step e, density is made in sizing For 1.8~1.95kg/cm2Bamboo substrate material embryonic plate;
Step g:The bamboo substrate material embryonic plate obtaining in step f is put in conditioning room and is dried, control temperature is 40 DEG C~50 DEG C, humidity is 65%~75%, makes moisture content be adjusted to 5%~7%;
Step h:Bamboo substrate material embryonic plate health preserving, bamboo substrate material embryonic plate is placed in health preserving 6~9 days in conditioning room;
Step i:Apply flame retardant paint, bamboo substrate material embryonic plate is placed in evacuation in pressure vessel and processes, then by bamboo substrate material Embryonic plate makes fire retardant treatment fluid penetrate into the inside of bamboo substrate material embryonic plate by the processing method of impregnating by pressure, in bamboo substrate material embryo Plate periphery forms flame-retardant layer (4), obtains bamboo substrate material finished product material.
As improvement, being specifically processed as of described step d:First by modified bamboo material through atmospheric steam, boiling water ungrease treatment, then Carry out draining, dry, then bamboo material is dyeed and dried, Balance Treatment.
As improvement, when carrying out impregnating glue in described step e, using plant type glue impregnated cloth glue.
As improvement, when carrying out thermocompression forming in described step f, hot pressing temperature controls at 185~200 degree, presses embryo simultaneously Plate thickness sets heat time heating time, and initial total time sets in the way of every lmm sets 2 minutes, and embryonic plate sizing thickness is more than 15mm When, often thicken 1mm and extend 12~15 seconds.
As improvement, the vacuum in described step i is in 0~0.05Mpa.
As improvement, the adhesive glue of described step b is waterproof glue, and this waterproof glue selects modified phenolic or water-soluble poly ammonia Ester.
As improvement, the flame retardant paint constituent in described rapid i is:Pure-acrylic emulsion, fire retardant, bamboo carbon powder, photocatalyst, anti- Mould dose, alkali soluble is swollen acrylic thickener, linear alkyl arylsulfonates, phenolic resin, Colophonium, ethylene glycol, sodium silicate, titanium white Powder.
As improvement, flame retardant paint in described rapid i, it is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:5~10 parts of pure-acrylic emulsion, resistance Combustion 0.5~1.5 part of agent, 5~8 parts of bamboo carbon powder, 3~5 parts of photocatalyst, 0.3~0.5 part of antifungus agent, alkali soluble is swollen acrylic compounds thickening 1.2~1.9 parts of agent, 2.3~3.3 parts of linear alkyl arylsulfonates, phenolic resin 4~part, 1~2 part of Colophonium, ethylene glycol 2~3 Part, 3~5 parts of sodium silicate, 4~7 parts of titanium dioxide.
As improvement, in described step i, the thickness of flame-retardant layer (4) is not less than 3mm.
Compared with prior art, the Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation being designed by the present invention Method, obtains bamboo substrate composite board and possesses that high intensity, high density, multi-functional characteristic are for example mothproof, mould proof, fire-retardant etc., texture is thin Greasy, tight, decorative pattern is natural, more can facilitate the needs of intensive processing, is easy to cutting and refine, and volume recovery is high, is greatly saved Raw material, can save a large amount of human costs, energy efficient during post-production, save Factory Building place.And the adjuvant of bamboo Make a silk purse out of a sow's ear again and develop into the raw material of full bamboo board and the derived product of different gears, the utilization rate that improve full bamboo reaches 80%, Widen the raw material that the famous and precious timber of high-quality is substituted with bamboo and selected field, solve the entirety of anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material Steady quality, be benefit the nation, favorable to the people, sharp enterprise can rapid, high volume manufacture whole bamboo high strength, high density furniture, art work Manufacture method.
The Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method being designed by the present invention, obtains bamboo substrate Composite board has high intensity, high density, anti-flammability, Anti-moth-eating, wearability, anti-rotten, anti-mildew, low water absorption, expands system Many physics and chemistry, the practical index such as number is micro-, sound-insulating excellent performance, natural figure, volatilization nature bamboo perfume (or spice);Suitable intensive processing, by In overall high intensity, high density, can reach seam closely, firmly install, be easy to engrave, milling, car, plane, carving, quarter, mosaic, pass See the Practical Performance such as durable.
The Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method being designed by the present invention, obtains bamboo substrate Composite board has good anti-flammability, and fire protecting performance greatly promotes, and eliminates and the link such as produces, stores, transports and use not Safety factorss.Bamboo board after fire retardant treated, its range of application is expanded, and can widely be applied to fire-protection rating will Ask higher place, be further applicable to building, transport, the every field such as packaging, furniture, decoration, light industry.
The Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method being designed by the present invention, obtains bamboo substrate Composite board is not limited to the application in gastrodia liquor production process, can also be applied to building, transport, packaging, furniture, decoration, The every field such as light industry.
The present invention, when using, carries out horizontal bamboo cane (1) and the cross weaving of vertical bamboo cane (2) first, obtains bamboo Substrate material framework main, subsequently by obtain bamboo substrate material framework main be assemblied in shaping mold cavity (3), make horizontal bamboo cane (1) and Vertical bamboo cane (2) is limited on the limiting stand (31) in shaping mold cavity (3), then glued for bamboo base chip material is thrown to shaping mould In chamber (3), using forming press, bamboo substrate material framework main is structure as a whole with the glued material pressing of bamboo base chip, obtains bamboo substrate Material mother's base board body, the bamboo substrate material mother's base board body obtaining carries out defat, dyeing, drying and processing;Subsequently impregnated Glue, ageing, drying and processing, finally carry out high temperature hot pressing to the bamboo substrate material mother's base board body after ageing, sizing is made close Spend for 1.8~1.95kg/cm2Bamboo substrate material embryonic plate;The bamboo substrate material embryonic plate obtaining is put in conditioning room and is dried, Temperature is controlled to be 40 DEG C~50 DEG C, humidity is 65%~75%, makes moisture content be adjusted to 5%~7%;Bamboo substrate material embryonic plate is put Health preserving 6~9 days in conditioning room;Bamboo substrate material embryonic plate is placed in evacuation in pressure vessel after terminating and processes, so by health preserving Afterwards bamboo substrate material embryonic plate is made fire retardant treatment fluid penetrate into the inside of bamboo substrate material embryonic plate by the processing method of impregnating by pressure, Form flame-retardant layer (4) in bamboo substrate material embryonic plate periphery, obtain bamboo substrate material finished product material.
The Rhizoma Gastrodiae wine fermentation anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite plate that the present invention obtains has good fire resistance, reaches The side-looking of GB8624-2006 requires, and horizontal flame propagation does not reach sample edge, and critical thermal radiation flux CHF is not less than 9.0KW/m2;Under conditions of flame bombardment specimen surface 30s, do not surpass in the vertical dimension of the propagation of 60s flame and ignition point Cross 140mm.
As described above, you can the present invention is applied.
The above, the only present invention preferably specific embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technology according to the present invention scheme and its Inventive concept equivalent or change in addition, all should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of gastrodia liquor anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method is it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step a:Bamboo substrate material skeleton splices, and the horizontal bamboo cane (1) after cutting and vertical bamboo cane (2) are carried out with the staggered volume of cross Knit, knit out bamboo substrate material framework main;
Step b:The glued material preparation of bamboo base chip, bamboo base chip and adhesive glue are 50~80 according to mass ratio:1~3 ratio Mixed, be delivered to steam pipe oven after fully mixing and carry out bamboo base chip ripening;
Step c:The mother's base board body preparation of bamboo substrate material, carries out high-temperature water to the bamboo substrate material framework main obtaining in step a Boil softening, the bamboo substrate material framework main after softening is positioned in shaping mold cavity (3), and in filling step b in shaping mold cavity Bamboo substrate material framework main is integrated knot with the glued material pressing of bamboo base chip using forming press by the glued material of the bamboo base chip of preparation Structure, obtains bamboo substrate material mother's base board body;
Step d:Carry out defat, dyeing, drying and processing to processing the bamboo substrate material mother's base board body obtaining in step c;
Step e:Bamboo substrate material mother's base board body after step d is processed carries out impregnating glue, ageing, drying and processing;
Step f:High temperature hot pressing is carried out to the bamboo substrate material mother's base board body after being aged in step e, it is 1.8 that density is made in sizing ~1.95kg/cm2Bamboo substrate material embryonic plate;
Step g:The bamboo substrate material embryonic plate obtaining in step f is put in conditioning room and is dried, control temperature to be 40 DEG C ~50 DEG C, humidity is 65%~75%, makes moisture content be adjusted to 5%~7%;
Step h:Bamboo substrate material embryonic plate health preserving, bamboo substrate material embryonic plate is placed in health preserving 6~9 days in conditioning room;
Step i:Apply flame retardant paint, bamboo substrate material embryonic plate is placed in evacuation in pressure vessel and processes, then by bamboo substrate material embryonic plate Fire retardant treatment fluid is made to penetrate into the inside of bamboo substrate material embryonic plate by the processing method of impregnating by pressure, outside bamboo substrate material embryonic plate Enclose formation flame-retardant layer (4), obtain bamboo substrate material finished product material.
2. gastrodia liquor anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described Specifically being processed as of step d:First by modified bamboo material through atmospheric steam, boiling water ungrease treatment, then carry out draining, dry, then right Bamboo material is dyeed and is dried, Balance Treatment.
3. gastrodia liquor anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described When carrying out impregnating glue in step e, using plant type glue impregnated cloth glue.
4. gastrodia liquor anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described When carrying out thermocompression forming in step f, hot pressing temperature controls at 185~200 degree, presses embryonic plate thickness simultaneously and sets heat time heating time, rises Begin to set in the way of every lmm sets 2 minutes total time, when embryonic plate sizing thickness is more than 15mm, often thickens 1mm and extend 12~15 Second.
5. gastrodia liquor anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described Vacuum in step i is in 0~0.05Mpa.
6. gastrodia liquor anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described The adhesive glue of step b is waterproof glue, and this waterproof glue selects modified phenolic or soluble polyurethane.
7. gastrodia liquor anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described Flame retardant paint constituent in rapid i is:Pure-acrylic emulsion, fire retardant, bamboo carbon powder, photocatalyst, antifungus agent, alkali soluble are swollen, and acrylic compounds increase Thick dose, linear alkyl arylsulfonates, phenolic resin, Colophonium, ethylene glycol, sodium silicate, titanium dioxide.
8. gastrodia liquor anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described Flame retardant paint in rapid i, is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:5~10 parts of pure-acrylic emulsion, 0.5~1.5 part of fire retardant, bamboo carbon powder 5 ~8 parts, 3~5 parts of photocatalyst, 0.3~0.5 part of antifungus agent, alkali soluble is swollen 1.2~1.9 parts of acrylic thickener, straight chained alkyl virtue 2.3~3.3 parts of base sulfonate, phenolic resin 4~part, 1~2 part of Colophonium, 2~3 parts of ethylene glycol, 3~5 parts of sodium silicate, titanium dioxide 4 ~7 parts.
9. gastrodia liquor anti-flaming bamboo base high density composite sheet material preparation method according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described In step i, the thickness of flame-retardant layer (4) is not less than 3mm.
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