CN106347264A - Front anti-collision structure for four-wheeler - Google Patents

Front anti-collision structure for four-wheeler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106347264A
CN106347264A CN201610902771.9A CN201610902771A CN106347264A CN 106347264 A CN106347264 A CN 106347264A CN 201610902771 A CN201610902771 A CN 201610902771A CN 106347264 A CN106347264 A CN 106347264A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
energy
grades
collision
absorption
absorption boxes
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610902771.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
任洁
辛悦
栗孟乐
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Luoyang Northern EK Chor Motorcycle Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Luoyang Northern EK Chor Motorcycle Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Luoyang Northern EK Chor Motorcycle Co Ltd filed Critical Luoyang Northern EK Chor Motorcycle Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610902771.9A priority Critical patent/CN106347264A/en
Publication of CN106347264A publication Critical patent/CN106347264A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R19/00Wheel guards; Radiator guards, e.g. grilles; Obstruction removers; Fittings damping bouncing force in collisions
    • B60R19/02Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects
    • B60R19/023Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R19/00Wheel guards; Radiator guards, e.g. grilles; Obstruction removers; Fittings damping bouncing force in collisions
    • B60R19/02Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects
    • B60R2019/026Buffers, i.e. bumpers of limited extent

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of vehicles, and discloses a front anti-collision structure for a four-wheeler frame. The front anti-collision structure for the four-wheeler frame is provided with a secondary energy absorption mechanism arranged on a front inclined stiffening beam (3) of the four-wheeler frame, wherein the secondary energy absorption mechanism comprises two secondary energy absorption boxes (5) arranged in parallel and a front anti-collision beam (2); the front anti-collision beam (5) is a U-shaped beam, and the open end of the U-shaped beam is connected to a front transverse support beam (1) of a four-wheeler body; the rear ends of the two secondary energy absorption boxes (5) are welded on the corresponding front inclined stiffening beam (3) respectively, and a primary energy absorption mechanism is connected to the front ends of the two secondary energy absorption boxes (5), and comprises two primary energy absorption boxes (7) arranged in parallel; the rear ends of the two primary energy absorption boxes (7) are integrally connected with the corresponding secondary energy absorption boxes (5) respectively. According to the front anti-collision structure, safety in case of front collision of the whole four-wheeler is improved, the front anti-collision structure is compact in structure, easy to assemble and low in cost, and a production process is simple.

Description

A kind of carriage front anti-collision structure
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of vehicle, a kind of carriage front anti-collision structure is mainly proposed.
Background technology
At present, the front anti-collision structure of low-speed quadricycle vehicle frame is not perfect, can only rely on the anterior guarantor of four-wheel vehicle carriage Dangerous thick stick is protected to vehicle, does not have good collision energy-absorbing structure, thus do not have good crash protection effect to member.
Content of the invention
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the purpose of the present invention is to propose to a kind of four-wheel vehicle carriage front anti-collision structure.
The present invention adopts the following technical scheme that for achieving the above object
A kind of four-wheel vehicle carriage front anti-collision structure, described vehicle frame front anti-collision structure have be arranged on before four-wheel vehicle frame tiltedly plus Two grades of energy absorbers on brutal;Described front oblique buttress brace be from top to bottom and the setting that turns forward structure;Before described Tiltedly buttress brace is two being symmetrical set, the upper end of two described front oblique buttress braces all with vehicle body before propping connect firmly, under End is connected with corresponding front swing arm backbar respectively;Two grades of described energy absorbers include two grades of energy-absorption boxes and anterior anticollision Beam;Described anterior collision prevention girders are u-beam, and the opening of u-beam is connected on propping before described vehicle body;Described two Level energy-absorption box is two be arrangeding in parallel;The rear end of two described two grades of energy-absorption boxes is respectively welded at corresponding front oblique reinforcement Beam;The front end of two described two grades of energy-absorption boxes is connected with one-level energy absorber;Described one-level energy absorber have two parallel The one-level energy-absorption box of setting;The rear end of two described one-level energy-absorption boxes pass through respectively corresponding energy-absorbing box base with corresponding Two grades of energy-absorption boxes connect as one, formed in order to impact force is carried out continuous absorption, buffering two-stage anticollision mechanism, and make through Before impact force after two-stage anticollision mechanism continuous absorption, buffering, tiltedly buttress brace is delivered on body shell, further buffering collision Power;The front end of two described one-level energy-absorption boxes is all connected with collision prevention girders, and described collision prevention girders on plan-position be located at described before The front of portion's collision prevention girders.
It is provided with front inclined bearing beam between described front oblique buttress brace and corresponding front swing arm backbar.
Described anterior collision prevention girders are welded as with described two grades of energy-absorption boxes by symmetrical two loudspeaker backbars Integrally.
Described one-level energy-absorption box is identical with the structure of two grades of energy-absorption boxes, is all the square being welded by two pieces of c type pressed sheets Shape frame;The opening of two pieces of c type pressed sheets is relative, and one of c type pressed sheet is withheld in the outside of another piece of c type pressed sheet.
A kind of four-wheel vehicle carriage front proposed by the present invention anti-collision structure, oblique buttress brace before two-stage energy absorber is arranged on On, when vehicle collides, first pass through two-stage energy absorber and be transferred to before two tiltedly add by energy absorption and by impact force On brutal, then by buttress brace oblique before two, impact force is transferred on whole vehicle frame;Improve the overall strong of energy absorber Degree, it is to avoid energy absorber energy does not also fully absorb and just makes rear portion collision prevention girders bending and then by excessive energy transmission to car On frame, thus leading to the more serious situation of member's injury;This design effectively buffered the huge energy brought of collision it is ensured that Power drives the safety of indoor back occupant being delivered to;Verify that this design meets national legislation and requires by correlation test;To sum up, The present invention improves safety during car load generation head-on crash, and has compact conformation, easily assembling, simple production process, one-tenth The feature that this is low, overall construction intensity is high.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the side view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is one-level energy absorber, the structural representation of two grades of energy absorbers in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is one-level energy absorber, the scheme of installation of two grades of energy absorbers in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the assembling figure of one-level energy-absorption box in the present invention.
In figure: 1, propping before vehicle body, 2, anterior collision prevention girders, 3, front oblique buttress brace, 4, loudspeaker backbar, 5, two grades of energy-absorbings Box, 6, energy-absorbing box base, 7, one-level energy-absorption box, 8, collision prevention girders, 9, front swing arm backbar, 10, front inclined bearing beam, 11, bottom framework In front propping.
Specific embodiment
In conjunction with accompanying drawing and instantiation, the present invention is illustrated:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of four-wheel vehicle carriage front anti-collision structure, described vehicle frame front anti-collision structure has setting Two grades of energy absorbers on oblique buttress brace 3 before four-wheel vehicle frame;Described front oblique buttress brace 3 is from top to bottom and to turn forward The structure of setting;Described front oblique buttress brace 3 is two being symmetrical set, and the upper end of two described front oblique buttress braces 3 is equal Connect firmly with propping before vehicle body 1, lower end is connected with corresponding front swing arm backbar 9 respectively;Two grades of described energy absorber bags Two grades of energy-absorption boxes 5 and anterior collision prevention girders 2 are included;Described anterior collision prevention girders 2 are u-beam, and the opening of u-beam is connected to institute On propping 1 before the vehicle body stated;Two grades of described energy-absorption boxes 5 are two be arrangeding in parallel;After two described two grades of energy-absorption boxes 5 End is respectively welded on corresponding front oblique buttress brace 3;In conjunction with Fig. 3, the front end of two described two grades of energy-absorption boxes 5 is connected with one-level Energy absorber;Described one-level energy absorber has two one-level energy-absorption boxes 7 be arrangeding in parallel;Two described one-level energy-absorption boxes 7 Rear end connected as one with corresponding two grades of energy-absorption boxes 5 by corresponding energy-absorbing box base 6 respectively, formed in order to crash The power of hitting carries out continuous absorption, the two-stage anticollision mechanism of buffering, and makes the collision after two-stage anticollision mechanism continuous absorption, buffering Before power, oblique buttress brace is delivered on body shell, buffers impact force further;The front end of two described one-level energy-absorption boxes 7 all with anti- Hit beam 8 to connect, and described collision prevention girders 8 are located at the front of described front portion collision prevention girders 2 on plan-position.
It is provided with front inclined bearing beam 10 between described front oblique buttress brace 3 and corresponding front swing arm backbar 9.
Described anterior collision prevention girders 2 are welded with described two grades of energy-absorption boxes 5 by symmetrical two loudspeaker backbars 4 It is integrated.
In conjunction with Fig. 4, Fig. 5, described one-level energy-absorption box 7 is identical with the structure of two grades of energy-absorption boxes 5, is all by two pieces of c type punching presses The rectangle frame of plate weld;The opening of two pieces of c type pressed sheets is relative, and one of c type pressed sheet is withheld in another piece of c type The outside of pressed sheet.
When vehicle occurs head-on crash, collide with collision prevention girders 8 first, and crashed by described one-level energy absorber The power of hitting carries out absorbing for the first time, then carries out second absorption by two grades of energy absorbers to impact force;By two-stage energy absorber It is transferred on oblique buttress brace 3 before two by energy absorption and by impact force, before two, impact force is transferred to entirely by oblique buttress brace 3 On vehicle frame;Two front inclined bearing beams 10 are bolted on front oblique buttress brace 3 and front swing arm backbar 9, and the present invention improves The bulk strength of energy-absorption box module back collision prevention girders, it is to avoid energy-absorbing case assembly energy does not also fully absorb and so that the rear portion is prevented Hit beam deflection and then by excessive energy transmission to vehicle frame, thus leading to the more serious situation of member's injury.This is designed with The huge energy that the buffering collision of effect brings is it is ensured that power is being delivered to the safety driving indoor back occupant.Tried by correlation This design of checking meets national legislation and requires.This invention improves safety during car load generation head-on crash, and has knot The feature that structure is compact, easy assembling, simple production process, low cost, overall construction intensity are high.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of four-wheel vehicle carriage front anti-collision structure it is characterised in that: described vehicle frame front anti-collision structure has and is arranged on Two grades of energy absorbers on oblique buttress brace (3) before four-wheel vehicle frame;Described front oblique buttress brace (3) is from top to bottom and to turn forward The tiltedly structure of setting;Described front oblique buttress brace (3) is two being symmetrical set, two described front oblique buttress braces (3) Upper end all with vehicle body before propping (1) connect firmly, lower end is connected with corresponding front swing arm backbar (9) respectively;Described two grades Energy absorber includes two grades of energy-absorption boxes (5) and anterior collision prevention girders (2);Described anterior collision prevention girders (2) are u-beam, and u-beam Opening be connected on propping (1) before described vehicle body;Two grades of described energy-absorption boxes (5) are two be arrangeding in parallel;Two The rear end of individual described two grades of energy-absorption boxes (5) is respectively welded on corresponding front oblique buttress brace (3);Two described two grades of energy-absorption boxes (5) front end is connected with one-level energy absorber;Described one-level energy absorber has two one-level energy-absorption boxes be arrangeding in parallel (7);The rear end of two described one-level energy-absorption boxes (7) passes through corresponding energy-absorbing box base (6) and corresponding two grades of suctions respectively Box (5) can connect as one, form the two-stage anticollision mechanism in order to impact force is carried out with continuous absorption, buffering, and make through two Before impact force after level anticollision mechanism continuous absorption, buffering, tiltedly buttress brace is delivered on body shell, buffers impact force further; The front end of two described one-level energy-absorption boxes (7) is all connected with collision prevention girders (8), and described collision prevention girders (8) are located on plan-position The front of described front portion collision prevention girders (2).
2. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of four-wheel vehicle carriage front anti-collision structure it is characterised in that: described front oblique buttress brace (3) it is provided with front inclined bearing beam (10) and corresponding front swing arm backbar (9) between.
3. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of four-wheel vehicle carriage front anti-collision structure it is characterised in that: described anterior collision prevention girders (2) it is welded as a whole with described two grades of energy-absorption boxes (5) by symmetrical two loudspeaker backbars (4).
4. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of four-wheel vehicle carriage front anti-collision structure it is characterised in that: described one-level energy-absorption box (7) identical with the structure of two grades of energy-absorption boxes (5), it is all the rectangle frame being welded by two pieces of c type pressed sheets;Two pieces of c type punching presses The opening of plate is relative, and one of c type pressed sheet is withheld in the outside of another piece of c type pressed sheet.
CN201610902771.9A 2016-10-18 2016-10-18 Front anti-collision structure for four-wheeler Pending CN106347264A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610902771.9A CN106347264A (en) 2016-10-18 2016-10-18 Front anti-collision structure for four-wheeler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610902771.9A CN106347264A (en) 2016-10-18 2016-10-18 Front anti-collision structure for four-wheeler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106347264A true CN106347264A (en) 2017-01-25

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112590700A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-02 武汉理工大学 Integrated multi-stage buffer automobile lower guard plate device and protection method
CN112606784A (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-04-06 宁波可挺汽车零部件有限公司 Collision beam assembly

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2608349Y (en) * 2002-11-20 2004-03-31 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Front side collision device of flat head light duty rahicle and flat head light duty vehicle
JP2006143178A (en) * 2004-10-19 2006-06-08 Mitsubishi Motors Corp Front side member structure
CN203283296U (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-11-13 洛阳北方易初摩托车有限公司 Frame of four-wheeled petrol vehicle
CN204736927U (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-11-04 洛阳北方易初摩托车有限公司 Anterior crashproof structure of four -wheel car frame
CN204750289U (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-11-11 洛阳北方易初摩托车有限公司 Anterior crashproof additional strengthening of four -wheel vehicle bottom frame
CN105539591A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-05-04 洛阳北方易初摩托车有限公司 Front anti-collision structure of four-wheeler frame
CN105691461A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-06-22 洛阳北方易初摩托车有限公司 Anti-collision structure of four-wheeled vehicle frame

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2608349Y (en) * 2002-11-20 2004-03-31 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Front side collision device of flat head light duty rahicle and flat head light duty vehicle
JP2006143178A (en) * 2004-10-19 2006-06-08 Mitsubishi Motors Corp Front side member structure
CN203283296U (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-11-13 洛阳北方易初摩托车有限公司 Frame of four-wheeled petrol vehicle
CN204736927U (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-11-04 洛阳北方易初摩托车有限公司 Anterior crashproof structure of four -wheel car frame
CN204750289U (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-11-11 洛阳北方易初摩托车有限公司 Anterior crashproof additional strengthening of four -wheel vehicle bottom frame
CN105539591A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-05-04 洛阳北方易初摩托车有限公司 Front anti-collision structure of four-wheeler frame
CN105691461A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-06-22 洛阳北方易初摩托车有限公司 Anti-collision structure of four-wheeled vehicle frame

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112590700A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-02 武汉理工大学 Integrated multi-stage buffer automobile lower guard plate device and protection method
CN112590700B (en) * 2020-12-30 2022-07-15 武汉理工大学 Integrated multi-stage buffer automobile lower guard plate device and protection method
CN112606784A (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-04-06 宁波可挺汽车零部件有限公司 Collision beam assembly

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