CN106345691B - A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine - Google Patents

A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106345691B
CN106345691B CN201611019573.4A CN201611019573A CN106345691B CN 106345691 B CN106345691 B CN 106345691B CN 201611019573 A CN201611019573 A CN 201611019573A CN 106345691 B CN106345691 B CN 106345691B
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sub
air passage
tripper
whereabouts chamber
housing
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CN106345691A (en
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郑雨童
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郑雨童
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B4/00Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents
    • B07B4/02Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents
    • B07B11/02Arrangement of air or material conditioning accessories

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of garbage classification winnowing machine, including housing, sub-material air passage immediately below tripper and tripper, case top offers rubbish feeding mouth, tripper is removably fixed in housing middle and upper part, tripper is located at the lower section of rubbish feeding mouth, housing middle and lower part space is at least arranged at intervals with heavy burder whereabouts chamber and light material whereabouts chamber, housing bottom is provided with heavy burder sorting outlet and light material sorting outlet, heavy burder sorting outlet is connected with heavy burder whereabouts chamber, light material sorting outlet is connected with light material whereabouts chamber, light material whereabouts chamber is located away from sub-material air passage, heavy burder whereabouts chamber is located proximate to sub-material air passage, sub-material air passage is connected with the air-supply arrangement of adjustable flow, sub-material air passage top sets air outlet, air outlet top overlaps or is arranged at intervals with the bottom side end of tripper.A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine of the present invention is simple in structure, small, occupies little space, light-weight, can realize that garbage classification sorts, and manufactures cost and later maintenance cost ratio is relatively low.

Description

A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to the device used in a kind of refuse disposal system, more particularly to a kind of garbage classification winnowing machine.
Background technology
In present garbage processing procedure, the sorting of ordinary material is by the various sizes of material of classification sieve component selections , the shortcomings that device of such sorting material is that screening efficiency is low, and screening plant is of high cost, and is easily damaged, and not The rubbish of different weight can be distinguished according to weight.Also have now and carry out garbage classification, the sorting machine used now using winnowing machine Structure be generally and include stent and be erected at rotatable rotating speed on stent being at least 13 revs/min of roller and be erected at branch Sub-material storehouse and air-supply arrangement on frame, the sub-material position in storehouse in the roller rear end, the axle shaft of the roller from front to back to Lower inclination, the roller are the loudspeaker shape that diameter gradually increases from front to back, and the front portion of the roller is provided with feed inlet, Sub-material storehouse front bottom end is equipped with heavy burder collection port, and sub-material storehouse rear portion bottom is provided with light material collection port, the air-supply Device is connected with the roller and/or sub-material storehouse.Such sorting machine can realize garbage classification selection by winnowing.But in the application its Shortcoming is that integral device is too huge, generally requires ten meters or so, and rotary screen weight is heavier, and volume is excessively huge Greatly, cost is too high, and repair rate is higher, and later stage operation and maintenance cost are higher.
The content of the invention
The present invention is completed to solve deficiency of the prior art, and the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of letter of structure It is single, small, occupy little space, it is light-weight, it can realize that garbage classification sorts, manufacture cost and later maintenance cost ratio is relatively low Garbage classification winnowing machine.
A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine of the present invention, including housing, the tripper in housing and positioned at the sub-material Sub-material air passage immediately below device, the case top offer rubbish feeding mouth, and the tripper is removably fixed in the shell Body middle and upper part, the tripper are located at the lower section of the rubbish feeding mouth, and housing middle and lower part space is at least arranged at intervals with Heavy burder whereabouts chamber and light material whereabouts chamber, the housing bottom are provided with heavy burder sorting outlet and light material sorting outlet, the heavy burder Sorting outlet is connected with heavy burder whereabouts chamber, and the light material sorting outlet is connected with the light material whereabouts chamber, under the light material Fall chamber and be located away from the sub-material air passage, heavy burder whereabouts chamber is located proximate to the sub-material air passage, the sub-material air passage with can The air-supply arrangement connection of flow is adjusted, sub-material air passage top sets air outlet, the air outlet top and the tripper Bottom side end overlaps or is arranged at intervals.
A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine of the present invention can also be:
The housing is flat box body, and the tripper is the sub-material inclined plate of two pieces of top overlap joints, every piece of sub-material Inclined plate is from top to bottom by being tilted on the outside of mediad, is located at the rubbish feeding mouth lower position at the top of two pieces of sub-material inclined plates Place, the air outlet are located at left and right ends at the top of the sub-material air passage, two pieces of sub-material inclined plate bottoms and the sub-material passage Overlap or be arranged at intervals at the top of the air outlet of the left and right sides, the housing middle and lower part is located at described sub-material air passage or so two Side is respectively provided with least one heavy burder whereabouts chamber and at least one light material whereabouts chamber.
At the top of two pieces of sub-material inclined plates at the rubbish feeding mouth position directly below.
Sub-material air passage center of top sets air devider, and air devider left and right ends portion is by the top of the sub-material air passage It is divided into left side point air passage and right side point air passage, the air outlet is respectively arranged at the left side point air passage and the right side point air passage Outermost end at, the top left and right ends of the air devider are detachably fixed or one with tripper bottom left and right ends respectively It is body formed.
The air devider is to include two pieces of arc split-wind plates being outwards bent upwards from center by bottom to top, two pieces of institutes The bottom for stating arc split-wind plate is fixedly connected or is integrally formed, the tops of two pieces of arc split-wind plates respectively with the tripper Bottom left and right ends be detachably fixed or be integrally formed.
Top is provided with arc exhausting plate at left and right sides of the sub-material air passage, and the arc exhausting plate divides wind with the arc Air passage is divided in the left side point air passage and right side for forming arc between plate.
The housing middle and lower part sets at least two pieces rotatable and position adjustable cavity partition plates or at least one circle rotatable And the housing lower middle portion is divided into the light material whereabouts chamber and described by the cavity spacer ring of position adjustable, the cavity partition plate Heavy burder whereabouts chamber, heavy burder whereabouts chamber are located at the sub-material air passage and the cavity partition plate or the cavity spacer ring inner side Between, the light material whereabouts chamber is located on the outside of the cavity partition plate or the cavity spacer ring between the inner walls.
The housing is flat box body, sets one piece of cavity partition plate, the chamber at left and right sides of the sub-material air passage respectively Side offsets with side inner wall before and after the housing respectively before and after body partition plate, and heavy burder whereabouts chamber is located at the sub-material air passage and institute Between stating cavity partition plate, the light material whereabouts chamber is between the cavity partition plate and the inner walls.
The cavity divider height is at least 70 centimetres, and the distance between the sub-material air passage and the cavity partition plate are 1- 1.5 meters, distance is 1-1.5 meters between the cavity partition plate and the housing bottom inner wall.
The housing is from top to bottom equipped with arc-shaped transition, institute positioned at the light material whereabouts chamber and heavy burder whereabouts top of chamber It is outwardly radian to state arc-shaped transition.
The tripper is cone formula sub-material cone bucket, and the sub-material cone bucket is located at immediately below the feeding mouth, described point Material air passage top ring sets the air outlet, and the light material whereabouts chamber is circumferentially positioned at the sub-material respectively with heavy burder whereabouts chamber Between air passage outer wall and the inner walls, the light material whereabouts chamber is around the setting heavy burder whereabouts chamber periphery, the sub-material Air-out groove is equipped with the top of air passage, is overlapped or equipped with interval with the sub-material cone bucket bottom at the top of the air-out groove.
A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine of the present invention, including housing, the tripper in housing and positioned at the sub-material Sub-material air passage immediately below device, the case top offer rubbish feeding mouth, and the tripper is removably fixed in the shell Body middle and upper part, the tripper are located at the lower section of the rubbish feeding mouth, and housing middle and lower part space is at least arranged at intervals with Heavy burder whereabouts chamber and light material whereabouts chamber, the housing bottom are provided with heavy burder sorting outlet and light material sorting outlet, the heavy burder Sorting outlet is connected with heavy burder whereabouts chamber, and the light material sorting outlet is connected with the light material whereabouts chamber, under the light material Fall chamber and be located away from the sub-material air passage, heavy burder whereabouts chamber is located proximate to the sub-material air passage, the sub-material air passage with can The air-supply arrangement connection of flow is adjusted, sub-material air passage top sets air outlet, the air outlet top and the tripper Bottom side end overlaps or is arranged at intervals.In this way, the rubbish material species mixed in rubbish material of the air-supply arrangement according to feeding Appropriate wind speed and air quantity are selected, suitable wind is delivered to sub-material air passage, the rubbish thing that needs are classified by conveying device Material is delivered to feeding mouth, and rubbish material falls from feeding mouth, and by tripper, overall material rubbish is broken up and separated by tripper Left and right two parts, which are either broken up, shares Kai Yiquan, and the rubbish material of entirety or monoblock is first divided into fritter, Ran Houjing first Rubbish material after breaing up for the first time passes through the top in sub-material air passage along tripper fallen downward during its whereabouts, Air outlet blowout wind to after breaing up material apply blowing force, blowing force to heavier rubbish material for example stone, glass, soil and The influences such as metal derby are little, this kind of material free-falling or under wind-force effect slightly offset from falling direction after freely fall Body, such material are fallen into close to the heavy burder whereabouts intracavitary in sub-material air passage and then the heavy burder by being connected with heavy burder whereabouts chamber point Collected after selecting mouth discharge.The blowing force of air outlet is to the lighter rubbish material such as thing such as the scraps of paper, plastics, dust, cloth and fiber Material influence is bigger, this kind of material transverse shifting under the action of blowing force, parabolic is done under cross force and gravity double action The light material whereabouts intracavitary set away from sub-material air passage is fallen into after line movement, it is then light by being connected with the light material whereabouts chamber again Collected after material sorting outlet discharge.And since air outlet top with the bottom sidepiece of tripper overlaps or is arranged at intervals, make Obtain to be acted on by air outlet at once after rubbish material is separated by tripper and carry out selection by winnowing (coincidence status) or in whereabouts one It is directly acted on by the wind of air outlet blowout again after segment distance and carries out selection by winnowing (interval setting) and then the inhomogeneous rubbish of separation Material.A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine of the present invention, is relative to the advantages of prior art:It is simple in structure, small, take empty Between it is small, longest distance be six to eight meters, do not use rotary screen, the simple air passage used and tripper so that overall selection by winnowing Machine is light-weight, can realize that garbage classification sorts under the action of the forces of the wind, due to not using rotary screen, but selects use to send Wind apparatus and sub-material air passage and tripper, the manufacture cost and later maintenance cost of these components are all than relatively low, component itself Spoilage it is low.Certainly, at least one lighter material whereabouts chamber can also be set between heavy burder whereabouts chamber and light material whereabouts chamber, i.e., Different grades of selection by winnowing is carried out to the rubbish material of different weight, influence of the air outlet to the rubbish material of different densities is not Together, the region fallen under different densities rubbish material is different and then sets different heavy burder whereabouts chambers, light material whereabouts chamber wind Select the different types of rubbish material of different densities.
Brief description of the drawings
A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine embodiment internal structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1 present invention.
A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine embodiment component of Fig. 2 present invention splits schematic diagram.
Figure number explanation
1 ... housing 2 ... front panel 3 ... rear panel
4 ... tripper 5 ... sub-material air passage 6 ... air-supply arrangements
7 ... feeding mouth 8 ... air outlet 9 ... heavy burder whereabouts chambers
10 ... light material whereabouts chamber 11 ... arc split-wind plate 12 ... sub-material inclined plates
Air passage 15 is divided in 13 ... arc exhausting plate 14 ... left sides ... cavity partition plate
Arc-shaped transition that air passage 17 is divided on 16 ... right sides ...
Embodiment
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings is described in further detail a kind of winnowing machine of the present invention.
A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine of the present invention, please refers to Fig.1 and Fig. 2, including housing 1, the sub-material in housing 1 Device 4 and the sub-material air passage 5 immediately below the tripper 4, the top of housing 1 offer rubbish feeding mouth 7, described point Glassware 4 is removably fixed in 1 middle and upper part of housing, and the tripper 4 is located at the lower section of the rubbish feeding mouth 7, the shell 1 middle and lower part space of body is at least arranged at intervals with heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 and light material whereabouts chamber 10, and 1 bottom of housing is provided with heavy burder Sorting outlet and light material sorting outlet, the heavy burder sorting outlet are connected with heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9, the light material sorting outlet Connected with the light material whereabouts chamber 10, the light material whereabouts chamber 10 is located away from the sub-material air passage 5, heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 The sub-material air passage 5 is located proximate to, the sub-material air passage 5 is connected with the air-supply arrangement 6 of adjustable flow, and the sub-material air passage 5 is pushed up End sets air outlet 8, and 8 top of air outlet overlaps or is arranged at intervals with the bottom side end of the tripper 4.In this way, send The rubbish material species that wind apparatus 6 mixes in the rubbish material according to feeding selects appropriate wind speed and air quantity, by suitable wind Sub-material air passage 5 is delivered to, by conveying device the rubbish material classified will be needed to be delivered to feeding mouth 7, rubbish material is from pan feeding Mouth 7 falls, and by tripper 4, overall material rubbish is broken up separated left and right two parts and either broken up by tripper 4 to be shared out One circle, is first divided into fritter, then the rubbish material edge after breaing up for the first time first by the rubbish material of entirety or monoblock 4 fallen downward of tripper, passes through the top in sub-material air passage 5, after the wind that air outlet 8 is blown out is to breaing up during its whereabouts Material applies blowing force, and blowing force is little on such as influence such as stone, glass, soil and metal derby of heavier rubbish material, this is a kind of Material free-falling or the freely falling body after under wind-force acts on slightly offset from falling direction, such material are fallen into close to sub-material wind Collected in the heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 in road 5 and then after the sorting outlet discharge of the heavy burder by being connected with heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9.Outlet air The blowing force of mouth 8 influences the lighter rubbish material such as material such as the scraps of paper, plastics, dust, cloth and fiber bigger, this kind of thing Material transverse shifting under the action of blowing force, falls into away from sub-material wind after parabolic motion is done under cross force and gravity double action In the light material whereabouts chamber 10 that road 5 is set, after then exporting discharge by the light material sorting connected with the gently material whereabouts chamber 10 again Collect.And since 8 top of air outlet with the bottom sidepiece of tripper 4 overlaps or is arranged at intervals so that rubbish material is divided Glassware 4 separate after at once by 8 outlet air of air outlet act on carry out selection by winnowing (coincidence status) or after a distance of whereabouts again by The wind that air outlet 8 is blown out, which directly acts on it, carries out selection by winnowing (interval setting) and then the inhomogeneous rubbish material of separation.The present invention A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine, be relative to the advantages of prior art:It is simple in structure, small, occupy little space, it is most long away from From for six to eight meters, rotary screen not being used, the simple air passage used and tripper 4 so that overall winnowing machine is light-weight, It can realize that garbage classification sorts under the action of wind-force, due to not using rotary screen, but select using air-supply arrangement 6 and divide Expect air passage 5 and tripper 4, the manufacture cost and later maintenance cost of these components are all than relatively low, the spoilage of component itself It is low.Certainly, at least one lighter material whereabouts chamber can also be set between heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 and light material whereabouts chamber 10, i.e., to not Rubbish material with weight carries out different grades of selection by winnowing, and influence of 8 outlet air of air outlet to the rubbish material of different densities is different, The region fallen under different densities rubbish material is different and then sets different heavy burder whereabouts chambers 9, light material 10 wind of whereabouts chamber Select the different types of rubbish material of different densities.In addition, the weight and rubbish material of the rubbish material of selection by winnowing are carried out as needed The air quantity that interior rubbish species selection air-supply arrangement is sent into sub-material air passage is more than 1000 cubes ms/h, guarantee by The rubbish material selection by winnowing of different weight material whereabouts chamber to corresponding heavy burder whereabouts intracavitary or gently.
A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine of the present invention, please refers to Fig.1 and Fig. 2, specific on the basis of previous technique scheme Can be:The housing 1 is flat box body, and the tripper is the sub-material inclined plate 12 of two pieces of top overlap joints, is divided described in every piece It is from top to bottom by being tilted on the outside of mediad to expect inclined plate 12, and two pieces of tops of sub-material inclined plate 12 are located at the rubbish feeding mouth 7 Lower position, the air outlet 8 are located at the 5 top left and right ends of sub-material air passage, two pieces of sub-material inclined plates, 12 bottom with The top of the air outlet 8 at left and right sides of the sub-material passage overlaps or is arranged at intervals, and 1 middle and lower part of housing is positioned at described point 5 left and right sides of material air passage is respectively provided with least one weight whereabouts wall and at least one light material whereabouts chamber 10.Housing 1 is flat Box body, i.e. 1 front panel 2 of housing and rear panel 3 are arranged in parallel, and the left side of housing 1 and right side gusset plate are by 1 front panel of housing, 2 He 1 rear panel 3 of housing is fixed together or is integrally formed.The sub-material inclined plate 12 that tripper 4 overlaps for two pieces of tops, sub-material inclined plate 12 Front and rear side be separately fixed between 1 front panel 2 of housing and rear panel 3, ensure from feeding mouth 7 enter housing 1 in rubbish thing Material is divided into left side material under the action of sub-material inclined plate 12 and right side material falls respectively, avoids material from side before and after tripper 4 The selection by winnowing for the outlet air leaked down without carrying out sub-material air passage 5.The top of sub-material inclined plate 12 overlap joint so that the rubbish material of whereabouts is pushed up The direct dimidiation of lap-joint of portion.And sub-material inclined plate 12 is from top to bottom by being tilted on the outside of mediad, after facilitating material dispersion to open Sorted along 12 free skating backwardness of sub-material inclined plate by the wind of air outlet 8.When 12 bottom of sub-material inclined plate is overlapped with the top of air outlet 8 When, the wind that separated rubbish material is sent out by air outlet 8 at once is slid from sub-material inclined plate 12 and carries out selection by winnowing.When sub-material inclined plate 12 During 8 head clearance certain distance of bottom and air outlet, that is, it is spaced between 12 bottom of sub-material inclined plate and the top of air outlet 8 when, from The separated rubbish material wind just sent out by air outlet 8 after a distance that falls is slid on sub-material inclined plate 12 and carries out selection by winnowing.Overlap The advantages of be that can carry out selection by winnowing immediately, reduce the height of integral device.Further preferred technical solution is described in two pieces points Expect the top of inclined plate 12 at 7 position directly below of rubbish feeding mouth.The rubbish material so to fall from feeding mouth 7 can be with Mean allocation carries out selection by winnowing to the left and right sides of sub-material inclined plate 12 by the wind of air outlet 8, and the efficiency of separation is high and sharpness of separation is high.
A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine of the present invention, please refers to Fig.1 and Fig. 2, may be used also on the basis of previous technique scheme To be that 5 center of top of sub-material air passage sets air devider, air devider left and right ends portion is by 5 top part of sub-material air passage Divide air passage 16 for left side point air passage 14 and right side, the air outlet 8 is respectively arranged at the left side point air passage 14 and the right side Divide at the outermost end in air passage 16, the top left and right ends of the air devider are detachable with tripper bottom left and right ends respectively Fix or be integrally formed.In this way, in use, air-supply arrangement 6 is sent into sub-material by the air devider of 5 center of top of sub-material air passage Wind in air passage 5 is separated so that it blows out respectively from left side point air passage 14 and right side point air passage 16, and is arranged on left side point 8 outlet air of air outlet at 16 outermost end of air passage 14 and right side point air passage carries out selection by winnowing to the separating of garbage material to fall along tripper The different classes of sorting to rubbish material is completed in effect.The effect for setting air devider is to facilitate ground volume wind in sub-material air passage 5 equal To top left and right ends, the rubbish material after being separated to tripper carries out selection by winnowing separation for even distribution.Further preferred technical side Case is that the air devider is to include two pieces of arc split-wind plates 11 being outwards bent upwards from center by bottom to top, described in two pieces The bottom of arc split-wind plate 11 is fixedly connected or is integrally formed, the tops of two pieces of arc split-wind plates 11 respectively with described point The bottom left and right ends of glassware are detachably fixed or are integrally formed.In this way, two pieces of 11 bottoms of arc split-wind plate are fixed, sub-material air passage Wind in 5 is separated here, is then evenly distributed by arc split-wind plate 11 to left side point air passage 14 and right side point air passage 16 simultaneously Rubbish material after the separation for blowing out to whereabouts from air outlet 8 sorts.And the top of arc split-wind plate 11 and tripper bottom Portion left and right ends are detachably fixed connection or are integrally formed so that air outlet 8 is overlapped with tripper bottom, facilitate preferably into Row rubbish material category sorting.Technical solution still more preferably is:5 left and right sides top of sub-material air passage is provided with arc Shape exhausting plate 13, between the arc exhausting plate 13 and the arc split-wind plate 11 formed arc the left side divide air passage 14 and Air passage 16 is divided on right side.The wind in the so feeding sub-material of air-supply arrangement 6 air passage 5 is separately respectively fed to arc on the top in sub-material air passage 5 Point air passage 14 and right side are divided in air passage 16 on the left of shape, then divide the outlet air of 16 end of air passage from left side point air passage 14 and right side again Mouthfuls 8 send out, point air passage 14 and to have the advantages of side point air passage be that wind can be along arc exhausting plate 13 and arc point on the left of arc Aerofoil 11 moves, and accelerates wind to be blown out from air outlet 8 while changing wind direction, efficiency of separation higher.
A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine of the present invention, please refers to Fig.1 and Fig. 2, may be used also on the basis of previous technique scheme Be 1 middle and lower part of housing set that at least two pieces rotatable and the circle of position adjustable cavity partition plate 15 or at least one is rotatable and 1 lower middle portion of housing is divided into light material 10 He of whereabouts chamber by the cavity spacer ring of position adjustable, the cavity partition plate 15 Heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9, heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 be located at the sub-material air passage 5 and the cavity partition plate 15 or the cavity every Enclose between inner side, the light material whereabouts chamber 10 is located on the outside of the cavity partition plate 15 or the cavity spacer ring and in the housing 1 Between wall.In this way, sub-material air passage can be sent into according to the composition and weight of material come regulating air feeding device 6 by being not only able to realize The air quantity and wind speed of wind in 5, additionally it is possible to realize and heavy burder is adjusted by the position and rotation angle that adjust cavity partition plate 15 Whereabouts chamber 9 and light material whereabouts chamber 10 are apart from the far and near position in sub-material air passage 5, so that different densities and different types of rubbish Different rubbish material whereabouts intracavitary is fallen into after rubbish material wind selection.Cavity partition plate 15 can be set in housing 1, can also be set One circle cavity spacer ring, it is convenient to divide different rubbish material whereabouts chambers.Cavity partition plate 15 and cavity spacer ring can rotate certain angle Degree so that its angle with horizontal plane can change, i.e., its angle with horizontal plane can be 90 ° i.e. cavity partition plate 15 and horizontal plane Vertical or its angle with horizontal plane is 60 ° or 150 °, i.e., 15 top of cavity partition plate is towards tripper or away from dividing Glassware tilts, and then the region for alloing to fall under different densities and different types of rubbish material adjusts.And cavity every The horizontal level of plate 15 and cavity spacer ring can be adjusted, can be selected according to the component of rubbish material each cavity every Plate 15 and cavity spacer ring (can divide 9 He of multiple heavy burder whereabouts chamber in the case of setting multiple cavities partition plate 15 and cavity spacer ring Light material whereabouts chamber 10) apart from the far and near position in sub-material air passage 5, and then adjust and settle in an area under the different types of rubbish material of different densities The area and width in domain, and then realize the precise classification of rubbish material.Further preferred technical solution is:The housing 1 is Flat box body, the left and right sides of the sub-material air passage 5 set one piece of cavity partition plate 15 respectively, before and after the cavity partition plate 15 Side offsets with side inner wall before and after the housing 1 respectively, and heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 is located at the sub-material air passage 5 and the cavity Between partition plate 15, the light material whereabouts chamber 10 is between 1 inner wall of the cavity partition plate 15 and the housing.So in sub-material wind The left and right sides of road 5 sets a cavity partition plate 15 respectively, i.e., a heavy burder whereabouts chamber is respectively provided with the left and right sides in sub-material air passage 5 9 and one light material whereabouts chamber 10, rubbish material is separated into after the left and right sides glides in tripper, under wind-force effect after selection by winnowing The material whereabouts intracavitary for falling into the left and right sides completes the sorting of rubbish material.The heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 and light material so separated Whereabouts chamber 10 is simple in structure, and cost is low.Technical solution still more preferably is highly at least 70 lis for the cavity partition plate 15 Rice, the distance between the sub-material air passage 5 and the cavity partition plate 15 are 1-1.5 meters, the cavity partition plate 15 and the housing 1 Distance is 1-1.5 meters between bottom interior wall.It so can at utmost optimize the position of heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 and light material whereabouts chamber 10 And High definition is fallen into, separating effect is more preferable, sharpness of separation higher.
A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine of the present invention, please refers to Fig.1 and Fig. 2, may be used also on the basis of previous technique scheme To be:The housing 1 is from top to bottom equipped with arc-shaped transition positioned at the light material whereabouts chamber 10 and the top of heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 17, the arc-shaped transition 17 is outwardly radian.In this way, the advantages of arc-shaped transition 17 is to facilitate rubbish material doing parabolic 1 roof of housing will not be encountered in line motion process and changes falling direction, while 17 technique of arc-shaped transition is simple, saves space, The precision and efficiency of sorting can be effectively improved.
A kind of garbage classification winnowing machine of the present invention, please refers to Fig.1 and Fig. 2, may be used also on the basis of previous technique scheme To be:The tripper 4 is cone formula sub-material cone bucket, and the sub-material cone bucket is immediately below the feeding mouth 7, the sub-material 5 top ring of air passage sets the air outlet 8, and the light material whereabouts chamber 10 is circumferentially positioned at described respectively with heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 Between 1 inner wall of 5 outer wall of sub-material air passage and the housing, the light material whereabouts chamber 10 is outside setting heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 Week, 5 top ring of sub-material air passage are equipped with air-out groove, overlap or be equipped with the sub-material cone bucket bottom at the top of the air-out groove Interval.In this way, the material rubbish entered from feeding mouth 7 in housing 1 is dispersed into a circle under the action of sub-material cone bucket, then along Sub-material cone bucket periphery fall, afterwards envelope material air passage at the top of annular air groove go out blowout wind action under respectively along its each Direction, which does freely falling body or different classes of rubbish material whereabouts intracavitary is dropped down onto along under parabola, carries out rubbish air blasting classification.Annular Air-out groove ensure along sub-material cone bucket all directions fall rubbish material can be carried out under the action of selection by winnowing freely falling body or It is parabolic motion, avoids rubbish material from not falling directly by selection by winnowing, efficiency of separation higher, sorting error rate is than relatively low.
It is above-mentioned that only several specific embodiments in the present invention are illustrated, but can not be as the protection model of the present invention Enclose, the equivalent change or modification or equal proportion made by every design spirit according in the present invention zoom in or out, should all Think to fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

  1. A kind of 1. garbage classification winnowing machine, it is characterised in that:Tripper including housing, in housing and positioned at the sub-material Sub-material air passage immediately below device, the case top offer rubbish feeding mouth, and the tripper is removably fixed in the shell Body middle and upper part, the tripper are located at the lower section of the rubbish feeding mouth, the housing bottom be provided with heavy burder sorting outlet and Light material sorting outlet, the housing middle and lower part be located at left and right sides of the sub-material air passage be respectively provided with least one heavy burder whereabouts chamber with At least one light material whereabouts chamber, the heavy burder sorting outlet are connected with heavy burder whereabouts chamber, the light material sorting outlet and institute Light material whereabouts chamber connection is stated, the light material whereabouts chamber is located away from the sub-material air passage, and heavy burder whereabouts chamber is located proximate to institute Sub-material air passage is stated, the sub-material air passage is connected with the air-supply arrangement of adjustable flow, and sub-material air passage top sets air outlet, institute State air outlet top to overlap or be arranged at intervals with the bottom side end of the tripper, the tripper overlaps for two pieces of tops Sub-material inclined plate, every piece of sub-material inclined plate are from top to bottom that the air outlet is located at the sub-material wind by being tilted on the outside of mediad Left and right ends at the top of road, two pieces of sub-material inclined plate bottoms at the top of the air outlet at left and right sides of the sub-material passage with overlapping Or be arranged at intervals, at the top of two pieces of sub-material inclined plates at the rubbish feeding mouth position directly below, the sub-material air passage Center of top sets air devider, and air devider left and right ends portion divides sub-material air passage top part to air passage and right side for left side Divide air passage, the air outlet is respectively arranged at the outermost end in the left side point air passage and the right side point air passage, described to divide wind Device is to include two pieces of arc split-wind plates being outwards bent upwards from center by bottom to top, the bottom of two pieces of arc split-wind plates Portion is fixedly connected or is integrally formed, and the bottom left and right ends of the tops of two pieces of arc split-wind plates respectively with the tripper can Dismounting is fixed or is integrally formed, and top is provided with arc exhausting plate at left and right sides of the sub-material air passage, the arc exhausting plate with Air passage is divided in the left side point air passage and right side for forming arc between the arc split-wind plate, and the housing is flat box body, One piece of cavity partition plate is set respectively at left and right sides of the sub-material air passage, before and after the cavity partition plate side respectively with before the housing Rear side inner wall offsets, and heavy burder whereabouts chamber is between the sub-material air passage and the cavity partition plate, the light material whereabouts chamber Between the cavity partition plate and the inner walls, the housing is positioned at the light material whereabouts chamber and heavy burder whereabouts chamber Top is from top to bottom equipped with arc-shaped transition, and the arc-shaped transition is outwardly radian.
  2. A kind of 2. garbage classification winnowing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cavity divider height is at least 70 centimetres, the distance between the sub-material air passage and the cavity partition plate are 1-1.5 meters, the cavity partition plate and the housing bottom Distance is 1-1.5 meters between portion's inner wall.
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CN107243456A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-10-13 汶上县隆德药业有限公司 Fructus cannabis winnowing machine
CN112439486A (en) * 2019-08-29 2021-03-05 徐州市贾汪区金牛彩砖有限公司 A raw materials screening installation for fragment of brick processing
CN112317318A (en) * 2020-10-13 2021-02-05 唐山市食品药品综合检验检测中心(唐山市畜牧水产品质量监测中心) High-efficient purification and filtration device of rice processing
CN113967592A (en) * 2021-09-16 2022-01-25 金华职业技术学院 Giant centrifugal sieve washing device for combine harvester

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CN206567217U (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-10-20 郑雨童 A kind of refuse classification winnowing machine

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CN203862550U (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-10-08 石林禾泽蔬菜速冻加工厂 Grain winnowing machine
CN104084376A (en) * 2014-06-26 2014-10-08 河南永乐生物工程有限公司 Wind power crop purifying device
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