CN106332602B - Formula of bestirring flexibility medlar-picking machine structure - Google Patents

Formula of bestirring flexibility medlar-picking machine structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106332602B
CN106332602B CN201610622896.6A CN201610622896A CN106332602B CN 106332602 B CN106332602 B CN 106332602B CN 201610622896 A CN201610622896 A CN 201610622896A CN 106332602 B CN106332602 B CN 106332602B
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brush
bestirring
frame
tunnel type
medlar
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CN201610622896.6A
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CN106332602A (en
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郭志忠
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郭志忠
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs

Abstract

It bestirs formula flexibility medlar-picking machine structure the invention belongs to one kind, vibrating grid is set on the top surface of the gate tunnel type vehicle frame equipped with traveling wheel, vibration excitor is installed on vibrating grid, bearing block is set on the back side of vibrating grid, a mutually matched left side in gate tunnel type vehicle frame, it turns right to move and bestir, the upper end of its brush axis is fitted in bearing block, it is left, the lower end of the dynamic brush axis of bestirring of right-hand rotation is matched with the axle sleeve that gate tunnel type bottom of frame is arranged, rotation bestirs to bestir in rotation and be uniformly arranged plate-like brush on brush axis, the structure of plate-like brush is that radial elastic brush holder support is arranged on the periphery of discoid seat of bestirring, silica gel brush teeth is uniformly arranged on elastic brush holder support.Structure of the invention is reasonable, replaces artificial picking by mechanization, and the integration of picking, dress basket, conveying may be implemented, collecting medlar efficiency is improved, collecting medlar efficiency is improved, improves fructus lycii picking rate, the damage for avoiding berry and branch etc. reduces the labor intensity of picking.

Description

Formula of bestirring flexibility medlar-picking machine structure
Technical field
It bestirs formula flexibility medlar-picking machine structure the invention belongs to fructus lycii and the harvest equipment of bush fruit, especially one kind.
Background technique
Artificial harvesting is mostly used in the harvesting of fructus lycii and bush fruit at present, harvests large labor intensity, the low efficiency of harvesting, The amount of recruitment is big, constrains the development of entire industry, is based on this, some hand-held vibrations and automatic hand-held harvesting dress also occurs It sets, but there is also many problems:
1) certain harvest efficiency is although improved when picking, but increases the labor intensity of people;
2) picking needs secondary collection, increases harvesting process and secondary bad fruit rate;
3) since fructus lycii is the crop that a fraction of the year ovarian multi-maturation is repeatedly picked, vibration is big to branch damage ratio, influences fructus lycii Yield;
4) it cannot continuously pick, it can not be from the contradiction of the radical change industry amount of labour used.
Summary of the invention
It bestirs formula flexibility medlar-picking machine structure the purpose of the present invention is to provide one kind, it is structurally reasonable, pass through mechanization Instead of manually picking, the integration of picking, dress basket, conveying may be implemented, improve collecting medlar efficiency, improve collecting medlar effect Rate improves fructus lycii picking rate, can reduce the labor intensity of picking to avoid the damage of berry and branch etc..
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: one kind is bestirred formula flexibility medlar-picking machine structure, in the door that traveling wheel is housed Vibrating grid is set on the top surface of type tunnel type vehicle frame, vibration excitor is coupled on vibrating grid, on the back side of vibrating grid Bearing block is set, and mutually matched turn left and right is bestirred in gate tunnel type vehicle frame, and the upper end of brush axis is coupled In bearing block, the lower end for turning left and right brush axis of bestirring is matched with the axle sleeve that gate tunnel type bottom of frame is arranged, rotation vibration Brush is axially uniformly arranged plate-like brush on brush axis to bestir in rotation, and the structure of plate-like brush is on the discoid periphery for bestirring seat It is uniformly arranged radial elastic brush holder support, silica gel brush teeth is uniformly arranged on elastic brush holder support.
The principle of the present invention is that vibrating grid is arranged on the top surface of gate tunnel type vehicle frame, is coupled on vibrating grid Vibration excitor, bearing block is set at the back side of vibrating grid, the rotation of left and right two is bestirred vertical by circule method seat bearing, round nut Bearing block is connected, lower part of bestirring is rotated and is connect by bearing with gate tunnel type vehicle frame side lower part girder steel, rotate lower part of bestirring Axis and bearing with slidable cooperation up and down is combined into, make entirely to shake frame can when vehicle is advanced forward unpowered water backward Flat rolling or the driving synchronous with vehicle travel speed, which roll, can vibrate under the excitation of vibration excitor again thus extremely by conduct vibrations Elastic brush holder support;Rotation is bestirred, and to be multilayer bestirred by semicircle that snapping is fixed by screw and has two column equidistantly to position at one seat two-by-two It is constituted on the round tube in hole, the axis for thering is the footstep bearing seat laid flat under circule method seat bearing and vehicle frame on bearing block to be connected up and down, vibration Brush holder has the hole in the vertical center of circle to be inserted into elastic brush holder support for one week, the number of plies of the length of round tube and seat of bestirring by the plant of being picked most Big height is related;Elastic brush holder support is the round tube structure that multiple rows of silica gel swipe is erect by covering an outside on a flexible stock It is related to the size length for the fruit picked at the interval of, swipe row, the interval of swipe, the dynamics of elastic brush holder support with to be adopted Pluck that fruit is related to the binding force of branch, the length of elastic brush holder support is approximately equal to the length of the plant of being picked branch, in door type frame Installation polarization vibration excitor, isolation spring is equipped with below the door type frame between the two sides at the top of vehicle frame above rear cross.This hair The bright plant in the traveling in the ranks of plant integrally enters gate tunnel, and plant two sides rotate the elastic brush holder support on bestirring and roll insertion In plant, elastic brush holder support generates circular vibration or straight-line oscillation under the drive of vibration excitor, realizes flexible on elastic brush holder support Fructus lycii brush mature on branch is swept the purpose of picking by silica gel swipe
Structure of the invention is reasonable, replaces artificial picking by mechanization, realizes the integration of picking, dress basket, conveying, mentions High collecting medlar efficiency, improves collecting medlar efficiency, improves fructus lycii picking rate, avoid the damage of berry and branch etc. Wound, reduces the labor intensity of picking.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, the present invention will be further described, and Fig. 1 is the signal of 1 stereochemical structure of the embodiment of the present invention Figure, Fig. 2 are the structural schematic diagram that rotation is bestirred, and Fig. 3 is the schematic perspective view of the embodiment of the present invention 3.
Specific embodiment
One kind is bestirred formula flexibility medlar-picking machine structure, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, in the gate tunnel type vehicle frame that traveling wheel is housed Top surface on vibrating grid is set, vibration excitor 3 is coupled on vibrating grid, bearing block is set on the back side of vibrating grid 8, mutually matched turn left and right is bestirred in gate tunnel type vehicle frame, and the upper end of brush axis is fitted to bearing block 8 In, the lower end for turning left and right brush axis 4 of bestirring is matched with the axle sleeve that gate tunnel type bottom of frame is arranged, rotation bestir for It rotates and is axially uniformly arranged plate-like brush on brush axis 4 of bestirring, the structure of plate-like brush is uniformly distributed on the periphery of discoid seat 5 of bestirring Radial elastic brush holder support 6 is set, is uniformly arranged silica gel brush teeth 7 on elastic brush holder support 6.In the elastic brush holder support of plate-like brush Set is filled with the round tube that silica gel brush tooth row is arranged in radial equipartition on external cylindrical surface on 6.Spacing between silica gel brush tooth row and every Size of the spacing of adjacent silica gel brush teeth 7 with picking fruit is adapted in the brush teeth row of row.The length and picking of elastic brush holder support 6 The branch length of plant is adapted.Hinged seat 1 is arranged on the top surface of gate tunnel type vehicle frame, passes through for the embodiment of the present invention 1 The articulated horizontally disposed door shape vibration frame 2 of hinged seat 1, is coupled vibration excitor 3 on door shape vibration frame 2, in door shape vibration frame 2 Symmetrical bearing block 8 is set on the back side, is arranged between the back side of door-shaped frame 2 and the top surface of gate tunnel type vehicle frame and subtracts Shake spring.Shock-absorbing spring plays vibration isolation, reply and support door-shaped frame 2.The embodiment of the present invention 2, in gate tunnel type vehicle frame Top surface on shaken frame 2 by the door shape of 1 articulated two horizontal alignment setting of the hinged seat that is arranged respectively, shake in every door shape It is respectively cooperating on frame 2 and vibration excitor 3 is installed, bearing block 8, two bearings are respectively set on the back side of every door shape vibration frame 2 Seat 8 symmetrically, is located in gate tunnel type vehicle frame, the mutually matched upper end for turning left and right brush axis of bestirring is separately mounted to In corresponding bearing block 8, turn left and right brush axis of bestirring lower end be arranged respectively with gate tunnel type bottom of frame it is corresponding Axle sleeve match.The embodiment of the present invention 3, as shown in figure 3, the structure of vibrating grid is to set on the top surface of gate tunnel type vehicle frame Symmetrical hinged seat 1 is set, horizontal support arms 9 is respectively articulated on every hinged seat 1, matches on the outer end of support arm 9 Conjunction is installed with vibration excitor 3, and bearing block 8 is arranged on the back side of support arm 9, the back side and gate tunnel type vehicle in support arm 9 Shock-absorbing spring is set between the top surface of frame.The embodiment of the present invention 4, the structure of vibrating grid are in the top surface of gate tunnel type vehicle frame On the vibration frame supported by the vibrating spring that is uniformly arranged is set, be coupled vibration excitor in the upper surface of vibration frame 3, bearing block 8 is set on the back side of vibration frame.Circule method seat bearing is assembled in bearing block 8, rotates brush axis 4 of bestirring Rotation brush axis 4 of bestirring is fitted on bearing block 8 by upper end by circule method seat bearing and round nut.Vibration excitor 3 is eccentric sharp Shake device or electromagnetic exciter or vibrating motor.Discoid seat 5 of bestirring is that dissection type is bestirred seat, is bolted and two halves are bestirred Seat 5 is connected as one.

Claims (8)

  1. The formula flexibility medlar-picking machine structure 1. one kind is bestirred, including plate-like brush, the structure of plate-like brush are in discoid seat of bestirring (5) Periphery on be uniformly arranged radial elastic brush holder support (6), silica gel brush teeth (7) are uniformly arranged on elastic brush holder support (6), It is characterized in that: vibrating grid is arranged on the top surface of the gate tunnel type vehicle frame equipped with traveling wheel, it is coupled on vibrating grid Vibration excitor (3), bearing block (8) are set on the back side of vibrating grid, be located in gate tunnel type vehicle frame it is mutually matched it is left, It turns right to move and bestir, the upper end of brush axis is fitted in bearing block (8), turns left and right lower end and the gate of brush axis (4) of bestirring The axle sleeve of tunnel type bottom of frame setting matches, and rotation bestirs to bestir in rotation and be axially uniformly arranged disk on brush axis (4) Shape brush, set is filled with the round tube that silica gel brush tooth row is arranged in radial equipartition on external cylindrical surface, silicon on the elastic brush holder support (6) of plate-like brush Glue brush teeth row between spacing and every row brush teeth row in adjacent silica gel brush teeth (7) spacing with picking fruit size phase It adapts to, the length of elastic brush holder support (6) and the branch length of picking plant are adapted.
  2. 2. formula flexibility medlar-picking machine structure according to claim 1 of bestirring, it is characterized in that: on the top of gate tunnel type vehicle frame Hinged seat (1) is set on face, through articulated horizontally disposed door shape vibration frame (2) of hinged seat (1), in door shape vibration frame (2) Vibration excitor (3) are coupled, symmetrical bearing block (8) is set on the back side of door shape vibration frame (2), shake frame (2) in door shape The back side and gate tunnel type vehicle frame top surface between shock-absorbing spring is set.
  3. 3. formula flexibility medlar-picking machine structure according to claim 1 of bestirring, it is characterized in that: on the top of gate tunnel type vehicle frame It is shaken respectively by door shape vibration frame (2) of the articulated two horizontal alignments setting of the hinged seat (1) being arranged in every door shape on face It is respectively cooperating on frame (2) and vibration excitor (3) is installed, bearing block (8) are respectively set on the back side of every door shape vibration frame (2), Two bearing blocks (8) symmetrically, are located in gate tunnel type vehicle frame, the mutually matched upper end for turning left and right brush axis of bestirring Be separately mounted in corresponding bearing block (8), turn left and right the lower end of brush axis of bestirring respectively with gate tunnel type bottom of frame Corresponding axle sleeve is arranged to match.
  4. 4. formula flexibility medlar-picking machine structure according to claim 1 of bestirring, it is characterized in that: the structure of vibrating grid is in gate Symmetrical hinged seat (1) is set on the top surface of tunnel type vehicle frame, is respectively articulated with horizontal support arms on every hinged seat (1) (9), it is coupled vibration excitor (3) on the outer end of support arm (9), bearing block is set on the back side of support arm (9) (8), shock-absorbing spring is set between the back side of support arm (9) and the top surface of gate tunnel type vehicle frame.
  5. 5. formula flexibility medlar-picking machine structure according to claim 1 of bestirring, it is characterized in that: the structure of vibrating grid is in gate The vibration frame supported by the vibrating spring being uniformly arranged is set on the top surface of tunnel type vehicle frame, in the upper surface of vibration frame Vibration excitor (3) are coupled, bearing block (8) are set on the back side of vibration frame.
  6. 6. formula flexibility medlar-picking machine structure according to claim 1 of bestirring, it is characterized in that: being assembled in bearing block (8) Rotation brush axis (4) cooperation of bestirring is pacified by circule method seat bearing and round nut in circule method seat bearing, the bestir upper end of brush axis (4) of rotation On bearing block (8).
  7. 7. formula flexibility medlar-picking machine structure according to claim 1 of bestirring, it is characterized in that: vibration excitor (3) is eccentricity excitation Device or electromagnetic exciter or vibrating motor.
  8. 8. formula flexibility medlar-picking machine structure according to claim 1 of bestirring, it is characterized in that: discoid seat of bestirring (5) is to cut open Fraction is bestirred seat, is bolted and two halves seat (5) of bestirring is connected as one.
CN201610622896.6A 2016-08-02 2016-08-02 Formula of bestirring flexibility medlar-picking machine structure Active CN106332602B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610622896.6A CN106332602B (en) 2016-08-02 2016-08-02 Formula of bestirring flexibility medlar-picking machine structure

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CN106332602B true CN106332602B (en) 2019-08-16

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109699298B (en) * 2019-03-06 2020-11-24 中国科学院合肥物质科学研究院 Vibration comb brush type wolfberry picking device with adjustable amplitude frequency

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104206120A (en) * 2014-09-12 2014-12-17 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Medlar harvesting machine
CN105766219A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-07-20 浙江大学 Crank-rocker roll-vibrating mechanism for picking Chinese wolfberry fruit
CN205848014U (en) * 2016-08-02 2017-01-04 郭志忠 Formula of bestirring flexibility medlar-picking machine structure

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104206120A (en) * 2014-09-12 2014-12-17 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Medlar harvesting machine
CN105766219A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-07-20 浙江大学 Crank-rocker roll-vibrating mechanism for picking Chinese wolfberry fruit
CN205848014U (en) * 2016-08-02 2017-01-04 郭志忠 Formula of bestirring flexibility medlar-picking machine structure

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