CN106281563A - A kind of method of solid-state accumulation of energy - Google Patents

A kind of method of solid-state accumulation of energy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106281563A
CN106281563A CN201610775377.3A CN201610775377A CN106281563A CN 106281563 A CN106281563 A CN 106281563A CN 201610775377 A CN201610775377 A CN 201610775377A CN 106281563 A CN106281563 A CN 106281563A
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China
Prior art keywords
solid waste
solid
state
energy
heat pump
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Pending
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CN201610775377.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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赖正伦
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Individual
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Priority to CN201610775377.3A priority Critical patent/CN106281563A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L5/00Solid fuels
    • C10L5/40Solid fuels essentially based on materials of non-mineral origin
    • C10L5/48Solid fuels essentially based on materials of non-mineral origin on industrial residues and waste materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L2290/00Fuel preparation or upgrading, processes or apparatus therefore, comprising specific process steps or apparatus units
    • C10L2290/08Drying or removing water

Abstract

A kind of method that the invention discloses solid-state accumulation of energy, specifically comprises the following steps that the solid waste of high-moisture is carried out nature and is filtered dry or extrudes so that the water content of solid waste drops to 60 70% by (1);(2) use solar energy system or heat pump that step (1) solid waste is thermally dried process;(3) the dry solid waste taking step (2) prepared becomes the biomass fuel that can put into boiler combustion.The present invention is by utilizing the low power consumption or when have sunlight daytime in evening of every day, with heat pump or solar energy system, the solid waste of high-moisture is dried, remove the moisture in solid waste, useless High water cut solid waste is become useful biomass fuel or the raw material as other, cost when can significantly reduce dry, reduces environmental pollution.

Description

A kind of method of solid-state accumulation of energy
Technical field
The invention belongs to waste reclaimation technical field, a kind of method relating to solid-state accumulation of energy.
Background technology
Along with developing rapidly of China's Chinese medicine cause, the Chinese medicine slag waste residue amount in big-and-middle pharmacy pharmaceutical factory in all parts of the country increases day by day Adding, after Chinese medicine extraction, medicinal residues discharge and process are the thorny problems of Chinese medicine extraction, and each Chinese medicine manufacturing enterprise will discharge every day Substantial amounts of medicinal residues.If these medicinal residues are simply deposited in outside, accumulating over a long period, pile up like a mountain, gradually will ferment mildew and rot, Maligned, pollute environment, production and life to the periphery masses work the mischief.The polluter that pharmaceutical industry produces is a lot, its Chinese medicine slag is a pith, before the processing method of medicinal residues is mainly had landfill or burning etc., within these several years, enters along with technology Step and good manufacture practice consciousness strengthening, a part of enterprise newly-built or transformation time solve well medicinal residues pollute Problem, medicinal residues are then utilized by another part enterprise, turn waste into wealth.
Owing to China is faced with the dual-pressure of environment and the energy, the acceleration being in progress along with economy and urbanization, whole nation energy Source consumes huge, and 2/3 big city faces garbage-surrounded city predicament simultaneously, by technological means, house refuse is become available and provides Source, can alleviate China's energy and environmental crisis to a certain extent.Domestic garbage pyrolysis technology is high with its resource utilization rate, The little advantage of environmental pollution is increasingly favored by people.
Domestic garbage pyrolysis primary product has following several: partial thermal decomposition oil can be used as fuel oil by refined;Can The pyrolysis gas used as fuel gas includes some low-molecular-weight hydrocarbons such as hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide etc.;Rubbish charcoal is big Part exists with white carbon black form, but there is the poisonous and harmful substances such as heavy metal, and calorific value is low, and market outlet is poor;If as solid When fuel uses, combustion efficiency is poor, and can produce a large amount of secondary pollution in combustion process, and environmental benefit is poor.Therefore, greatly Most rubbish charcoals finally carry out landfill disposal only as pyrolysis residue, land occupation resource and cause the waste of the energy.
Summary of the invention
Present invention aims to the deficiency of existing Chinese herb residues and domestic rubbish disposal, it is provided that a kind of raising resource Recovery utilization rate, the method for solid-state accumulation of energy of low cost and manufacture method thereof.
To achieve these goals, present invention employs techniques below scheme:
A kind of method of solid-state accumulation of energy, specifically comprises the following steps that
(1) solid waste of high-moisture carries out nature to be filtered dry or extrude so that the water content of solid waste drops to 60- 70%;
(2) use solar energy system or heat pump that step (1) solid waste is thermally dried process;
(3) the dry solid waste taking step (2) prepared becomes the biomass fuel that can put into boiler combustion;
Electricity consumption at the night paddy phase when, step (1) solid waste is heated by heat pump described in step (2) Dried;Or when there being sunlight, step (1) solid waste is thermally dried process by solar energy system, finally makes The moisture content in solid waste must be made to drop to 20-50%.
Further, the moisture content that described heat pump is thermally dried in the solid waste after process is 20- 40%。
Further, the moisture content that described heat pump is thermally dried in the solid waste after process is 30%.
Further, described solid waste includes that Chinese herb residues municipal sludge, house refuse or high-moisture are solid Body refuse.The a part of solid waste of dried solid waste is incombustible, and flammable part does biomass fuel, can not Other purposes such as pottery can be done after the part mummification of burning
Further, described be naturally filtered dry or extrude after solid waste need just to put in heat pump after breaing up It is dried.It is more beneficial for heat pump after breaing up to be dried.
Further, the described bulk that before putting into boiler combustion, solid waste is compressed into certain size.Pressure Fritter is become to make the effect can burnt when burning more preferable.
Further, the described heat pump being dried solid waste or solar energy system comprise solid-state and give up The process container of material.
Further, described solid waste processes container connection compressor, and solid-state is given up by the inlet end of compressor Material processes container vacuum state.
Further, the high-pressure side of described compressor produce high steam in turn with heat pump or solar energy system Unified road heat treated container.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
The present invention is by utilizing the low power consumption or when have sunlight daytime in evening of every day, with heat pump or solar energy The solid waste of high-moisture is dried by system, removes the moisture in solid waste, by useless High water cut solid waste Become useful biomass fuel or the raw material as other, cost when can significantly reduce dry, reduce environment Pollute;Improving the level of resources utilization, increase economic benefit, and method flow is short, operating cost is low, easily realize industrialization and Scale.
Detailed description of the invention
Described in further detail to the detailed description of the invention of the present invention below.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of method of solid-state accumulation of energy, specifically comprises the following steps that
(1) Chinese herb residues of high-moisture carries out nature to be filtered dry or extrude so that the moisture content of solid waste is 65%;
(2) step (1) Chinese herb residues was put into electricity consumption at the night paddy phase when heat pump be thermally dried process and make solid Moisture content in state waste material is 30%;
(3) take the dry Chinese herb residues that step (2) prepares to put into boiler and burn.
Further, described be naturally filtered dry or extrude after Chinese herb residues need just to put into heat pump system after breaing up System is dried.It is more beneficial for heat pump after breaing up to be dried.
Further, the described bulk that before putting into boiler combustion, Chinese herb residues is compressed into certain size.Pressure Fritter is become to make the effect can burnt when burning more preferable.
Further, the described heat pump being dried solid waste or solar energy system comprise solid-state and give up The process container of material.Solid waste processes container connection compressor, and solid waste is processed container and takes out by the inlet end of compressor Become vacuum state.The high-pressure side of compressor produces high steam heat treated container together with heat pump in turn.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of method of solid-state accumulation of energy, specifically comprises the following steps that
(1) house refuse of high-moisture carries out nature to be filtered dry or extrude so that the moisture content of house refuse is 68%;
(2), in the case of having sunlight by day, step (1) solid waste is thermally dried process by solar energy system and makes Moisture content in house refuse is 40%;
(3) take the dry house refuse that step (2) prepares to put into boiler and burn.
Further, described be naturally filtered dry or extrude after house refuse need just to put into heat pump system after breaing up System is dried.It is more beneficial for heat pump after breaing up to be dried.
Further, the described bulk that before putting into boiler combustion, life refuse press is shortened into certain size.Pressure Fritter is become to make the effect can burnt when burning more preferable.
Further, the described heat pump being dried solid waste or solar energy system comprise solid-state and give up The process container of material.
Further, described solid waste processes container connection compressor, and solid-state is given up by the inlet end of compressor Material processes container vacuum state.
Further, the high-pressure side of described compressor produces high steam and heats together with solar energy system in turn Process container.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of method of solid-state accumulation of energy, specifically comprises the following steps that
(1) house refuse of high-moisture carries out nature to be filtered dry or extrude so that the moisture content of house refuse is 60%;
(2) step (1) house refuse was put into electricity consumption at the night paddy phase when heat pump be thermally dried process and make raw The moisture content lived in rubbish is 20%;
(3) take the dry house refuse that step (2) prepares to put into boiler and burn.
Further, described house refuse includes that Chinese herb residues municipal sludge, house refuse or high-moisture are solid Body refuse.
Further, described be naturally filtered dry or extrude after house refuse need just to put into heat pump system after breaing up System is dried.It is more beneficial for heat pump after breaing up to be dried.
Further, the described bulk that before putting into boiler combustion, life refuse press is shortened into certain size.Pressure Fritter is become to make the effect can burnt when burning more preferable.
Further, the described heat pump being dried solid waste or solar energy system comprise solid-state and give up The process container of material.
Further, described solid waste processes container connection compressor, and solid-state is given up by the inlet end of compressor Material processes container vacuum state.
Further, the high-pressure side of described compressor produces high steam and heats together with solar energy system in turn Process container.
Embodiment 4:
A kind of method of solid-state accumulation of energy, specifically comprises the following steps that
(1) Chinese herb residues of high-moisture carries out nature to be filtered dry or extrude so that the moisture content of Chinese herb residues is 70%;
(2), in the case of having sunlight by day, step (1) solid waste is thermally dried process by solar energy system and makes Moisture content in Chinese herb residues is 50%;
(3) take the dry Chinese herb residues that step (2) prepares to put into boiler and burn.
Further, described be naturally filtered dry or extrude after Chinese herb residues need just to put into heat pump system after breaing up System is dried.It is more beneficial for heat pump after breaing up to be dried.
Further, the described bulk that before putting into boiler combustion, Chinese herb residues is compressed into certain size.Pressure Fritter is become to make the effect can burnt when burning more preferable.
Further, the described heat pump being dried solid waste or solar energy system comprise solid-state and give up The process container of material.
Further, described solid waste processes container connection compressor, and solid-state is given up by the inlet end of compressor Material processes container vacuum state.
Further, the high-pressure side of described compressor produces high steam and heats together with solar energy system in turn Process container.
It is embodied as:
The Chinese medicine dreg 100 tons that moisture content is 85% is extruded with screw extruder, obtains the medicinal residues 63 that moisture content is 68% Ton, is dried heat pump during obtain 63 tons of medicinal residues low power consumption phases at night that to obtain moisture content be 30% Medicinal residues 40 tons, are then squeezed into a certain size bulk.In this embodiment, owing to the moisture of medicinal residues is relatively low, just can enter Entering combustion parts to burn, ignition temperature is 600 DEG C, is about burning time 4.1 hours, and the quantity of steam produced after burning is 76 tons, the heat that medicinal residues burning produces is about 4.6 × 108KJ.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
The present invention is by utilizing the low power consumption or when have sunlight daytime in evening of every day, by solid waste heat pump Or solar energy system is dried, cost when can effectively reduce dry, allow moisture content is the highest did not had much profits originally Can directly burn after integrated treatment economic, effective with the solid waste being worth or as raw material, improve value, Reduce environmental pollution;Improve the level of resources utilization, increase economic benefit, and method flow is short, operating cost is low, easily realizes Industrialization and scale.
Embodiment described above, simply one of more preferably concrete mode of the present invention, those skilled in the art are at this The usual variations and alternatives carried out in inventive technique aspects all should comprise within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a method for solid-state accumulation of energy, is characterized in that: specifically comprise the following steps that
(1) solid waste of high-moisture carries out nature to be filtered dry or extrude so that the water content of solid waste drops to 60- 70%;
(2) use solar energy system or heat pump that step (1) solid waste is thermally dried process;
(3) the dry solid waste taking step (2) prepared becomes the biomass fuel that can put into boiler combustion;
Electricity consumption at the night paddy phase when, step (1) solid waste is heated by heat pump described in step (2) Dried;Or when there being sunlight, step (1) solid waste is thermally dried process by solar energy system;Finally make The moisture content in solid waste must be made to drop to 20-50%.
The method of solid-state accumulation of energy the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described consolidating after step (2) processes Moisture content in state waste material drops to 20-40%.
The method of solid-state accumulation of energy the most according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described consolidating after step (2) processes Moisture content in state waste material drops to 30%.
The method of solid-state accumulation of energy the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described solid waste include Chinese herb residues, Municipal sludge, house refuse or high-moisture solid waste.
The method of solid-state accumulation of energy the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described be naturally filtered dry or extrude after consolidate State waste material needs to be dried with just putting in heat pump after breaing up.
The method of solid-state accumulation of energy the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described heat being dried solid waste Pumping system or solar energy system comprise solid waste and process container.
The method of solid-state accumulation of energy the most according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described solid waste processes container connection to be had Compressor, solid waste is processed container vacuum state by the inlet end of compressor.
The method of solid-state accumulation of energy the most according to claim 7, is characterized in that: the high-pressure side of described compressor produces high pressure Steam heat treated container together with heat pump or solar energy system in turn.
CN201610775377.3A 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 A kind of method of solid-state accumulation of energy Pending CN106281563A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009106895A (en) * 2007-10-31 2009-05-21 Sumitomo Osaka Cement Co Ltd Method for reducing water content of dehydrated organic waste, method for converting organic waste having low water content to fuel, biomass fuel, and equipment for reducing water content of dehydrated organic waste
CN101805105A (en) * 2010-04-08 2010-08-18 宜兴市展宏环保设备有限公司 Sludge treatment method
CN101955310A (en) * 2009-07-20 2011-01-26 浙江绿治污泥处理技术有限公司 Sludge dewatering method and special oven thereof
CN102153256A (en) * 2010-12-15 2011-08-17 嘉兴新嘉爱斯热电有限公司 Sludge treatment method and sludge treatment system
CN105255538A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-01-20 北京中矿环保科技股份有限公司 Clean and environment-friendly fuel using Chinese medicine residues as material and producing method thereof
CN105347649A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-02-24 河北工大太阳能设备有限公司 Sludge drying technology with efficient combined vapor source

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009106895A (en) * 2007-10-31 2009-05-21 Sumitomo Osaka Cement Co Ltd Method for reducing water content of dehydrated organic waste, method for converting organic waste having low water content to fuel, biomass fuel, and equipment for reducing water content of dehydrated organic waste
CN101955310A (en) * 2009-07-20 2011-01-26 浙江绿治污泥处理技术有限公司 Sludge dewatering method and special oven thereof
CN101805105A (en) * 2010-04-08 2010-08-18 宜兴市展宏环保设备有限公司 Sludge treatment method
CN102153256A (en) * 2010-12-15 2011-08-17 嘉兴新嘉爱斯热电有限公司 Sludge treatment method and sludge treatment system
CN105255538A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-01-20 北京中矿环保科技股份有限公司 Clean and environment-friendly fuel using Chinese medicine residues as material and producing method thereof
CN105347649A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-02-24 河北工大太阳能设备有限公司 Sludge drying technology with efficient combined vapor source

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
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Application publication date: 20170104