CN106278063A - Green environmental-protection building mortar and production method thereof - Google Patents

Green environmental-protection building mortar and production method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106278063A
CN106278063A CN201610586874.9A CN201610586874A CN106278063A CN 106278063 A CN106278063 A CN 106278063A CN 201610586874 A CN201610586874 A CN 201610586874A CN 106278063 A CN106278063 A CN 106278063A
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parts
mortar
green environmental
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slag
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秦文雄
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秦文雄
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/06Aluminous cements
    • C04B28/065Calcium aluminosulfate cements, e.g. cements hydrating into ettringite
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B40/00Processes, in general, for influencing or modifying the properties of mortars, concrete or artificial stone compositions, e.g. their setting or hardening ability
    • C04B40/0028Aspects relating to the mixing step of the mortar preparation
    • C04B40/0039Premixtures of ingredients
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2103/00Function or property of ingredients for mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B2103/0045Polymers chosen for their physico-chemical characteristics
    • C04B2103/0057Polymers chosen for their physico-chemical characteristics added as redispersable powders
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2103/00Function or property of ingredients for mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B2103/10Accelerators; Activators
    • C04B2103/12Set accelerators
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2103/00Function or property of ingredients for mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B2103/30Water reducers, plasticisers, air-entrainers, flow improvers
    • C04B2103/302Water reducers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2103/00Function or property of ingredients for mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B2103/50Defoamers, air detrainers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00241Physical properties of the materials not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00293Materials impermeable to liquids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/27Water resistance, e.g. waterproof or water-repellant materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/34Non-shrinking or non-cracking materials
    • C04B2111/343Crack resistant materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/76Use at unusual temperatures, e.g. sub-zero
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/10Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the viscosity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/30Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of Green environmental-protection building mortar and production method thereof, including the raw material of following parts by weight: 60 70 parts of aggregate, sulphoaluminate cement clinker 55 60 parts, high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch 68 parts, nano-calcium carbonate 16 20 parts, water reducer 1.2 1.6 parts, coagulant reinforcing agent 35 parts, composite activating agent 0.06 0.08 parts, redispersable latex powder 46 parts, cellulose ether 0.5 0.8 parts, defoamer 0.08 0.12 parts, polypropylene fibre 0.6 0.8 parts, zinc stearate 0.4 0.6 parts.Green environmental-protection building mortar of the present invention possesses cracking resistance, penetrant crystalline, anticorrosion by the slurry after the stirring of suitable ratio of water to material, impervious, hydrophobicity is excellent, it is adaptable to the fields such as building basement, pond, toilet, inner-outer wall.

Description

Green environmental-protection building mortar and production method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to building material technical field, particularly relate to one and be applicable to building basement, pond, health Between, the Green environmental-protection building mortar in the field such as inner-outer wall and production method thereof.
Background technology
Mortar: architectural lay bricks use cohere material, by a certain proportion of sand and cementing material (cement, lime paste, Clay etc.) add water into, also it is mortar, also makees mortar.Mortar is by Binder Materials (cement, Calx, clay etc.) and fine aggregate (sand) mix that adds water forms.Conventional has cement mortar, mixed mortar (or being cement-lime mortar), lime mortar and clay-bonded sand Slurry.
According to composition material, ordinary mortar also can be divided into: 1. lime mortar.Made according to a certain ratio by lime paste, Sha Heshui Become, be generally used for requirement of strength the highest, not by moist masonry and coat of plaster;2. cement mortar.Pressed certain by cement, sand and water Proportioning is made, and is generally used for the masonry in wet environment or water, metope or ground etc.;3. mixed mortar.At cement or lime sand Slurry fills suitable admixture such as flyash, kieselguhr etc. make, to save cement or lime consumption, and improve mortar and easily Property.Conventional mixed mortar has cement-lime mortar, cement clay mortar and Calx clay mortar etc..
Newly mixing ordinary mortar and should have good workability, the mortar after hardening then should have required intensity and bonding Power.The workability of mortar is relevant with its mobility and water-retaining property, is typically based on construction experience and grasps or determined by test.Mortar Comprcssive strength grade of mortar represent, conventional ordinary mortar label has 4,10,25,50,100 etc..High to requirement of strength and Important masonry, just needs the mortar with more than No. 100.The cohesive force of mortar strengthens with the raising of its label, also with masonry Deng apparent condition, whether clean, moist degree and construction and maintenance condition relevant.Therefore, typically will be first by brick before laying bricks Water, to strengthen the cohesive force between brick and mortar, it is ensured that masonry quality.
The difference of building mortar and concrete is without coarse aggregate, and it is by necessarily by Binder Materials, fine aggregate and water Proportions form.It is divided into masonry mortar and decorative mortar by its purposes;Different by material therefor, it is divided into cement mortar, stone Lime and brick, gypsum mortar and cement and lime mixed mortar etc..Reasonable employment mortar is to saving Binder Materials, convenient construction, raising Construction quality has important effect.
It is divided into by purposes difference: masonry mortar, decorative mortar (including decoration mortar, waterproof mortar), adhesive mortar etc..
Mortar is that in architectural engineering, application amount is big, use one of wide construction material, is widely used in the block of building The engineering such as build and wipe one's face.In the architectural engineering that China is current, more than 60% building is still continuing to use the materials for wall such as brick, building block, builds The building mortar build, used in plastering construction is still based on cement mortar or mixed mortar.
Building mortar is with various light materials as aggregate, with cement as gelating material, admixes some property-modifying additives, through life A kind of premixing dry powder and mortar producing enterprise's stirring mixing and make, for constructing a kind of construction material of building insulating layer. Along with the development of modern architecture industry, mortar usage amount is quickly increasing, and wherein, the important component of mortar is natural river sand, natural Fluvial sand is non-renewable resources, at any time the fast development of building industry, and fluvial sand consumption increases year by year, and the yield of fluvial sand is fewer and feweri, Natural river sand faces the situation of worsening shortages;Along with the fast development of building industry, the total amount of building waste increases sharply, owing to building Material in building refuse recycles the reason of the aspects such as power consumption is big so that the application of building waste receives limitation.At present, big portion The recycling approach dividing building waste is general backfill and as building or the basis of road, on the one hand causes resource wave Take, on the other hand may also result in secondary pollution.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of use simple, construct convenient, slurry possess cracking resistance, penetrant crystalline, anticorrosion, Green environmental-protection building mortar that impervious, hydrophobicity is excellent and production method thereof.
The present invention is achieved in that
A kind of Green environmental-protection building mortar, including the raw material of following parts by weight: building waste 30-40 part, sulphate aluminium cement Grog 40-50 part, slag micro powder 20-30 part, high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch 10-12 part, nano-calcium carbonate 12-14 part, diminishing Agent 1.0-1.2 part, coagulant reinforcing agent 1-3 part, composite activating agent 0.12-0.14 part, redispersable latex powder 1-3 part, cellulose Ether 1.2-1.4 part, defoamer 0.16-0.18 part, polypropylene fibre 1.2-1.4 part, zinc stearate 1.2-1.4 part.
Described building waste is engineering dregs, brick and tile fragment and the one of concrete block or compositions mixes with limestone The material arrived.
Described sulphoaluminate cement clinker is to replace aluminium ore to produce the sulfur aluminum of gained with low-grade bauxite or aluminum slag by 1:1 Acid salt cement grog.China's high-grade bauxite resource is the most in short supply, and price constantly rises, and sulphate aluminium cement is as one Plant the most difficult its high cost of material that bears of product that price is relatively low, therefore, seek the low-grade aluminum vitriol that price is relatively low Soil will become, as raw material, the development trend that sulphate aluminium cement produces.From the beginning of metallic aluminium is melted for the first time.Aluminum slag is just It it is inevitable side-product.The main component of aluminum slag is exactly metallic aluminium and aluminum oxide and sodium, potassium, the chloride of calcium and fluorine Compound, aluminum slag has metallic aluminium and is carried over together along with slag while skimming in aluminium melting furnace.Reduction because of ambient temperature Quick solidification is attached in the surface most aluminum slag of slag still remain a large amount of extractive metallic aluminium.Sulfur aluminic acid routinely Salt proportioning weighs raw material, the raw material such as aluminum slag or low-grade bauxite, limestone and the natural gypsum is blended, pelletize, be dried, calcining With quickly cooling, obtain sulphoaluminate cement clinker.
Described slag micro powder is the converter slag of steel mill or the electric furnace slag powder through efflorescence.Slag micro powder is Active admixture, is again mineral thickener, mixes the dry powder and mortar of slag micro powder, under the effect of compound additive, shows excellent Different performance, not only has good workability (denseness is big, delamination degree is little, good water-retaining property), and mechanical property meets varying strength The mortar requirement of grade, later strength sustainable growth, and, also there is the feature such as lower shrinkage, microdilatancy.
Described high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch includes following raw material: calcium carbonate, calcium chloride and aluminium potassium sulfate;Calcium carbonate, chlorine The mass ratio changing calcium and aluminium potassium sulfate is 3-5:1:0.9;Preparation method is to be stirred at normal temperatures by above-mentioned raw materials.
The granularity of described nano-calcium carbonate is 25-40nm.
Described water reducer is polycarboxylate water-reducer, and polycarboxylate water-reducer includes the raw material of following weight portion: acrylic acid 20-30 Part, polyacrylamide 18-20 part, hydrogen peroxide 8-10 part, methylcellulose 8-10 part, molasses 10-12 part, dodecyl sulphur Acid sodium 5-7 part, water 40-60 part;Preparation method is to be stirred at normal temperatures by above-mentioned raw materials.
Described coagulant reinforcing agent includes the raw material of following weight portion: kieselguhr 20-30 part, lignin 22-24 part, rum Essence waste liquid dry powder 10-12 part, magnesium fluosilicate 6-8 part, Polyethylene Glycol 12-14 part, polyacrylamide 12-14 part, aluminum sulfate 5-7 Part;Preparation method is at normal temperatures through the technical process of dispensing, homogenizing and grinding by above-mentioned raw materials, stirs and is prepared from.
Described defoamer includes dimethicone, propylene glycol block polyether, silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty glyceride and poly-mountain Pear ester;Preparation method is with dimethicone and propylene glycol block polyether as main component, with silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty acid glycerine Ester and Polysorbate compound, when silicone oil emulsification agent content is the 8 of dimethicone, fatty glyceride and Polysorbate Dimethicone is accounted for total with propylene glycol block polyether than the total amount for 3:1, silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty glyceride and Polysorbate Quality 50, dimethicone and propylene glycol block polyether ratio, during for 3:4, prepare described defoamer.
Described composite activating agent is sodium silicate, sodium sulfate to be mixed with naphthalenesulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensate, adds catalyst three Isopropanolamine and calcium sulfate are formulated;Wherein sodium silicate, sodium sulfate, naphthalenesulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensate, triisopropanolamine, sulphuric acid The mass ratio that calcium adds is 9:7:5:2:3.Owing to its volume is low, do not affect cement various performance provision value, grinding effect can be improved Rate, strength of cement, also can improve the density of cement slurry, permeability, make mortar good fluidity, caking property is strong, be difficult to shrink, It is not likely to produce crack.
The production method of described Green environmental-protection building mortar, comprises the following steps:
1. being dried: building waste is dried by Belt Conveying to tower drier, water into the mill is less than 1.8%;Slag micro powder percutaneous Belt conveyor delivers to rotary dryer dries, after drying the boosted machine of slag deliver to slag storage deposit, water content is less than 2.8%;
2. by building waste, sulphoaluminate cement clinker, slag micro powder, high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch, nano-calcium carbonate, diminishing Agent, coagulant reinforcing agent, composite activating agent, redispersable latex powder, cellulose ether, defoamer, polypropylene fibre and zinc stearate After weighing the most by weight respectively, first by high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch, nano-calcium carbonate, water reducer, coagulant reinforcing agent, can be again Dispersed latex powder, cellulose ether, defoamer, polypropylene fibre and zinc stearate are put into mixer and are stirred mixing, are mixed Close material A;
The most by weight composite activating agent, sulphoaluminate cement clinker, slag micro powder and building waste are added mortar ball In grinding machine, and to the internal spray atomized water of mortar ball mill, the temperature of milling process is made to control at 90~120 DEG C, from mortar Material out at ball mill, puts into mixer together with step compound A 2. and is stirred mixing, obtain compound B;
4. compound B elevator step 3. obtained is conveyed in finished product homogenizing bin, by the sky produced bottom homogenizing bin Gas homogenizing, enters back in finished product packing tank, and test package obtains product.
The using method of Green environmental-protection building mortar of the present invention is: be that 0.12:1 is stirred mixing according to the ratio of mud during use After conjunction.
The substantive distinguishing features that the present invention highlights with significantly progress is:
1, along with the fast development of building industry, the total amount of building waste increases sharply, owing to the material in building waste recycles The reason of the aspects such as power consumption is big so that the application of building waste receives limitation.At present, the recycling way of major part building waste Footpath is general backfill and as building or the basis of road, on the one hand causes the wasting of resources, on the other hand is also possible to make Becoming secondary pollution, the Green environmental-protection building mortar of the present invention is with building waste as object, and through drying, and sulphate aluminium cement is ripe Material, slag micro powder, high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch, nano-calcium carbonate, water reducer, coagulant reinforcing agent, composite activating agent, can divide again Scattered latex powder, cellulose ether, defoamer, polypropylene fibre produce together with zinc stearate, reach to protect environment, save money Source, the purpose of development low-carbon economy;
2, China's high-grade bauxite resource is the most in short supply, and price constantly rises, and sulphate aluminium cement is as a kind of price The most difficult its high cost of material that bears of relatively low product, Green environmental-protection building mortar of the present invention is with relatively low low of price Grade aluminum Alumina or aluminum slag press 1:1 replace aluminium ore produce gained sulphoaluminate cement clinker by design proportioning prepare, aluminum slag and Low-grade bauxite wide material sources, cheap, therefore there is good economic and social benefit, not only reduce the present invention green Colour circle protects the cost of building mortar, and the production for sulphate aluminium cement simultaneously provides wide prospect;
3, fully utilize a large amount of industrial slag micro powder overstock, low cost, can economize on resources and the energy, protect environment, have Well economic benefit and social benefit, be the Green High Performance building material product of a kind of sustainable development;
4, the present invention uses building waste and slag micro powder as aggregate, with sulphoaluminate cement clinker as Binder Materials, then adds Enter high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch, nano-calcium carbonate, water reducer, coagulant reinforcing agent, composite activating agent, redispersable latex powder, The multiple compound additives such as cellulose ether, defoamer, polypropylene fibre and zinc stearate constitute one and possess cracking resistance, infiltration knot Crystalline substance, anticorrosion, the waterproof material that impervious, hydrophobicity is excellent, mortar by external force is small destroy time can automatically repair by secondary crystallization Multiple spontaneous recovery water-proof function, under high humidity improvements weather conditions, surface does not condense and gets damp, and keeps mortar surface dry and comfortable, in building underground Being widely used during room, pond, toilet, inner-outer wall etc. are waterproof, particularly civil buildings are because of the reparation of the mouldy body of wall of facing that seeps water Show the most notable;
5, the present invention uses active permeation crystallization master batch can penetrate into basic unit with water and is internally formed acicular crystals, plugging cement base The defects such as the pore of layer and crackle, so that the impermeability pressure of the basic units such as lean concrete grout, cement mortar and concrete strengthens 200-500 times, to reach lasting waterproof effect, and extends its service life, will not reduce again intensity simultaneously;
6, the paste structure of Green environmental-protection building mortar of the present invention has good compactness and volume stability, improves coagulation Soil is impervious, frost resistance, has the highest resisting chloride ion penetration diffusibility and the highest sulphate-corrosion resistance, overcomes portland cement Early hydration speed relatively slow, intensity is low, Ca (OH) after aquation, content is high cause impervious and anticorrosive aspect deficiency it Place;
7, Green environmental-protection building mortar of the present invention uses industrialized production to make the quality of mortar be guaranteed, and simplifies construction existing The preparation link of field, substantially improves the working environment of job site, improves the quality of building, more save substantial amounts of people Power, reduces environmental pollution, can be with how much taking how many at building-site, it is to avoid the waste of on-the-spot material;Additionally, it is possible to decrease make an uproar in building site Sound and the pollution of airborne dust, promote the construction of Civilization Worksite.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
A kind of Green environmental-protection building mortar, including the raw material of following parts by weight: building waste 30 parts, sulphoaluminate cement clinker 40 parts, slag micro powder 20 parts, high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch 10 parts, nano-calcium carbonate 12 parts, water reducer 1.0 parts, coagulant strengthen Agent 1 part, composite activating agent 0.12 part, redispersable latex powder 1 part, cellulose ether 1.2 parts, defoamer 0.16 part, polypropylene fibre Tie up 1.2 parts, zinc stearate 1.2 parts.
Described building waste is engineering dregs, brick and tile fragment and the one of concrete block or compositions mixes with limestone The material arrived.
Described sulphoaluminate cement clinker is to replace aluminium ore to produce the sulfur aluminum of gained with low-grade bauxite or aluminum slag by 1:1 Acid salt cement grog.
Described slag micro powder is the converter slag of steel mill or the electric furnace slag powder through efflorescence.
Described high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch includes following raw material: calcium carbonate, calcium chloride and aluminium potassium sulfate;Calcium carbonate, chlorine The mass ratio changing calcium and aluminium potassium sulfate is 3:1:0.9;Preparation method is to be stirred at normal temperatures by above-mentioned raw materials.
The granularity of described nano-calcium carbonate is 25-40nm.
Described water reducer is polycarboxylate water-reducer, and polycarboxylate water-reducer includes the raw material of following weight portion: 20 parts of acrylic acid, Polyacrylamide 18 parts, hydrogen peroxide 8 parts, methylcellulose 8 parts, 10 parts of molasses, dodecyl sodium sulfate 5 parts, 40 parts of water; Preparation method is to be stirred at normal temperatures by above-mentioned raw materials.
Described coagulant reinforcing agent includes the raw material of following weight portion: 20 parts of kieselguhr, lignin 22 parts, molasses alcohol waste liquid 10 parts of dry powder, magnesium fluosilicate 6 parts, Polyethylene Glycol 12 parts, polyacrylamide 12 parts, 5 parts of aluminum sulfate;Preparation method is by above-mentioned former Material, at normal temperatures through the technical process of dispensing, homogenizing and grinding, stirs and is prepared from.
Described defoamer includes dimethicone, propylene glycol block polyether, silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty glyceride and poly-mountain Pear ester;Preparation method is with dimethicone and propylene glycol block polyether as main component, with silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty acid glycerine Ester and Polysorbate compound, when silicone oil emulsification agent content is the 8 of dimethicone, fatty glyceride and Polysorbate Dimethicone is accounted for total with propylene glycol block polyether than the total amount for 3:1, silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty glyceride and Polysorbate Quality 50, dimethicone and propylene glycol block polyether ratio, during for 3:4, prepare described defoamer.
Described composite activating agent is sodium silicate, sodium sulfate to be mixed with naphthalenesulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensate, adds catalyst three Isopropanolamine and calcium sulfate are formulated;Wherein sodium silicate, sodium sulfate, naphthalenesulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensate, triisopropanolamine, sulphuric acid The mass ratio that calcium adds is 9:7:5:2:3.Owing to its volume is low, do not affect cement various performance provision value, grinding effect can be improved Rate, strength of cement, also can improve the density of cement slurry, permeability, make mortar good fluidity, caking property is strong, be difficult to shrink, It is not likely to produce crack.
The production method of described Green environmental-protection building mortar, comprises the following steps:
1. it is dried: building waste is dried by Belt Conveying to tower drier, and water into the mill is 1.8%;Slag micro powder is through belt Rotary dryer delivered to by conveyer dries, after drying the boosted machine of slag deliver to slag storage deposit, water content is 2.8%;
2. by building waste, sulphoaluminate cement clinker, slag micro powder, high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch, nano-calcium carbonate, diminishing Agent, coagulant reinforcing agent, composite activating agent, redispersable latex powder, cellulose ether, defoamer, polypropylene fibre and zinc stearate After weighing the most by weight respectively, first by high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch, nano-calcium carbonate, water reducer, coagulant reinforcing agent, can be again Dispersed latex powder, cellulose ether, defoamer, polypropylene fibre and zinc stearate are put into mixer and are stirred mixing, are mixed Close material A;
The most by weight composite activating agent, sulphoaluminate cement clinker, slag micro powder and building waste are added mortar ball In grinding machine, and to the internal spray atomized water of mortar ball mill, the temperature of milling process is made to control at 90 DEG C, from mortar ball mill Place's material out, puts into mixer together with step compound A 2. and is stirred mixing, obtain compound B;
4. compound B elevator step 3. obtained is conveyed in finished product homogenizing bin, by the sky produced bottom homogenizing bin Gas homogenizing, enters back in finished product packing tank, and test package obtains product.
The using method of Green environmental-protection building mortar of the present invention is: be that 0.12:1 is stirred mixing according to the ratio of mud during use After conjunction.
Embodiment 2
A kind of Green environmental-protection building mortar, including the raw material of following parts by weight: building waste 35 parts, sulphoaluminate cement clinker 45 parts, slag micro powder 25 parts, high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch 11 parts, nano-calcium carbonate 13 parts, water reducer 1.1 parts, coagulant strengthen Agent 2 parts, composite activating agent 0.13 part, redispersable latex powder 2 parts, cellulose ether 1.3 parts, defoamer 0.17 part, polypropylene fibre Tie up 1.3 parts, zinc stearate 1.3 parts.
Described building waste is engineering dregs, brick and tile fragment and the one of concrete block or compositions mixes with limestone The material arrived.
Described sulphoaluminate cement clinker is to replace aluminium ore to produce the sulfur aluminum of gained with low-grade bauxite or aluminum slag by 1:1 Acid salt cement grog.
Described slag micro powder is the converter slag of steel mill or the electric furnace slag powder through efflorescence.
Described high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch includes following raw material: calcium carbonate, calcium chloride and aluminium potassium sulfate;Calcium carbonate, chlorine The mass ratio changing calcium and aluminium potassium sulfate is 4:1:0.9;Preparation method is to be stirred at normal temperatures by above-mentioned raw materials.
The granularity of described nano-calcium carbonate is 25-40nm.
Described water reducer is polycarboxylate water-reducer, and polycarboxylate water-reducer includes the raw material of following weight portion: 25 parts of acrylic acid, Polyacrylamide 19 parts, hydrogen peroxide 9 parts, methylcellulose 9 parts, 11 parts of molasses, dodecyl sodium sulfate 6 parts, 50 parts of water; Preparation method is to be stirred at normal temperatures by above-mentioned raw materials.
Described coagulant reinforcing agent includes the raw material of following weight portion: 25 parts of kieselguhr, lignin 23 parts, molasses alcohol waste liquid 11 parts of dry powder, magnesium fluosilicate 7 parts, Polyethylene Glycol 13 parts, polyacrylamide 13 parts, 6 parts of aluminum sulfate;Preparation method is by above-mentioned former Material, at normal temperatures through the technical process of dispensing, homogenizing and grinding, stirs and is prepared from.
Described defoamer includes dimethicone, propylene glycol block polyether, silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty glyceride and poly-mountain Pear ester;Preparation method is with dimethicone and propylene glycol block polyether as main component, with silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty acid glycerine Ester and Polysorbate compound, when silicone oil emulsification agent content is the 8 of dimethicone, fatty glyceride and Polysorbate Dimethicone is accounted for total with propylene glycol block polyether than the total amount for 3:1, silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty glyceride and Polysorbate Quality 50, dimethicone and propylene glycol block polyether ratio, during for 3:4, prepare described defoamer.
Described composite activating agent is sodium silicate, sodium sulfate to be mixed with naphthalenesulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensate, adds catalyst three Isopropanolamine and calcium sulfate are formulated;Wherein sodium silicate, sodium sulfate, naphthalenesulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensate, triisopropanolamine, sulphuric acid The mass ratio that calcium adds is 9:7:5:2:3.Owing to its volume is low, do not affect cement various performance provision value, grinding effect can be improved Rate, strength of cement, also can improve the density of cement slurry, permeability, make mortar good fluidity, caking property is strong, be difficult to shrink, It is not likely to produce crack.
The production method of described Green environmental-protection building mortar, comprises the following steps:
1. it is dried: building waste is dried by Belt Conveying to tower drier, and water into the mill is 1.5%;Slag micro powder is through belt Rotary dryer delivered to by conveyer dries, after drying the boosted machine of slag deliver to slag storage deposit, water content is 2.5%;
2. by building waste, sulphoaluminate cement clinker, slag micro powder, high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch, nano-calcium carbonate, diminishing Agent, coagulant reinforcing agent, composite activating agent, redispersable latex powder, cellulose ether, defoamer, polypropylene fibre and zinc stearate After weighing the most by weight respectively, first by high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch, nano-calcium carbonate, water reducer, coagulant reinforcing agent, can be again Dispersed latex powder, cellulose ether, defoamer, polypropylene fibre and zinc stearate are put into mixer and are stirred mixing, are mixed Close material A;
The most by weight composite activating agent, sulphoaluminate cement clinker, slag micro powder and building waste are added mortar ball In grinding machine, and to the internal spray atomized water of mortar ball mill, the temperature of milling process is made to control at 105 DEG C, from mortar ball milling Material out at machine, puts into mixer together with step compound A 2. and is stirred mixing, obtain compound B;
4. compound B elevator step 3. obtained is conveyed in finished product homogenizing bin, by the sky produced bottom homogenizing bin Gas homogenizing, enters back in finished product packing tank, and test package obtains product.
The using method of Green environmental-protection building mortar of the present invention is: be that 0.12:1 is stirred mixing according to the ratio of mud during use After conjunction.
Embodiment 3
A kind of Green environmental-protection building mortar, including the raw material of following parts by weight: building waste 40 parts, sulphoaluminate cement clinker 50 parts, slag micro powder 30 parts, high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch 12 parts, nano-calcium carbonate 14 parts, water reducer 1.2 parts, coagulant strengthen Agent 3 parts, composite activating agent 0.14 part, redispersable latex powder 3 parts, cellulose ether 1.4 parts, defoamer 0.18 part, polypropylene fibre Tie up 1.4 parts, zinc stearate 1.4 parts.
Described building waste is engineering dregs, brick and tile fragment and the one of concrete block or compositions mixes with limestone The material arrived.
Described sulphoaluminate cement clinker is to replace aluminium ore to produce the sulfur aluminum of gained with low-grade bauxite or aluminum slag by 1:1 Acid salt cement grog.
Described slag micro powder is the converter slag of steel mill or the electric furnace slag powder through efflorescence.
Described high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch includes following raw material: calcium carbonate, calcium chloride and aluminium potassium sulfate;Calcium carbonate, chlorine The mass ratio changing calcium and aluminium potassium sulfate is 5:1:0.9;Preparation method is to be stirred at normal temperatures by above-mentioned raw materials.
The granularity of described nano-calcium carbonate is 25-40nm.
Described water reducer is polycarboxylate water-reducer, and polycarboxylate water-reducer includes the raw material of following weight portion: 30 parts of acrylic acid, Polyacrylamide 20 parts, hydrogen peroxide 10 parts, methylcellulose 10 parts, 12 parts of molasses, dodecyl sodium sulfate 7 parts, water 60 Part;Preparation method is to be stirred at normal temperatures by above-mentioned raw materials.
Described coagulant reinforcing agent includes the raw material of following weight portion: 30 parts of kieselguhr, lignin 24 parts, molasses alcohol waste liquid 12 parts of dry powder, magnesium fluosilicate 8 parts, Polyethylene Glycol 14 parts, polyacrylamide 14 parts, 7 parts of aluminum sulfate;Preparation method is by above-mentioned former Material, at normal temperatures through the technical process of dispensing, homogenizing and grinding, stirs and is prepared from.
Described defoamer includes dimethicone, propylene glycol block polyether, silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty glyceride and poly-mountain Pear ester;Preparation method is with dimethicone and propylene glycol block polyether as main component, with silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty acid glycerine Ester and Polysorbate compound, when silicone oil emulsification agent content is the 8 of dimethicone, fatty glyceride and Polysorbate Dimethicone is accounted for total with propylene glycol block polyether than the total amount for 3:1, silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty glyceride and Polysorbate Quality 50, dimethicone and propylene glycol block polyether ratio, during for 3:4, prepare described defoamer.
Described composite activating agent is sodium silicate, sodium sulfate to be mixed with naphthalenesulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensate, adds catalyst three Isopropanolamine and calcium sulfate are formulated;Wherein sodium silicate, sodium sulfate, naphthalenesulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensate, triisopropanolamine, sulphuric acid The mass ratio that calcium adds is 9:7:5:2:3.Owing to its volume is low, do not affect cement various performance provision value, grinding effect can be improved Rate, strength of cement, also can improve the density of cement slurry, permeability, make mortar good fluidity, caking property is strong, be difficult to shrink, It is not likely to produce crack.
The production method of described Green environmental-protection building mortar, comprises the following steps:
1. it is dried: building waste is dried by Belt Conveying to tower drier, it is ensured that water into the mill is less than 1.8%;Slag micro powder Deliver to rotary dryer through belt conveyor dry, after drying the boosted machine of slag deliver to slag storage deposit, water content Less than 2.8%;
2. by building waste, sulphoaluminate cement clinker, slag micro powder, high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch, nano-calcium carbonate, diminishing Agent, coagulant reinforcing agent, composite activating agent, redispersable latex powder, cellulose ether, defoamer, polypropylene fibre and zinc stearate After weighing the most by weight respectively, first by high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch, nano-calcium carbonate, water reducer, coagulant reinforcing agent, can be again Dispersed latex powder, cellulose ether, defoamer, polypropylene fibre and zinc stearate are put into mixer and are stirred mixing, are mixed Close material A;
The most by weight composite activating agent, sulphoaluminate cement clinker, slag micro powder and building waste are added mortar ball In grinding machine, and to the internal spray atomized water of mortar ball mill, the temperature of milling process is made to control at 90~120 DEG C, from mortar Material out at ball mill, puts into mixer together with step compound A 2. and is stirred mixing, obtain compound B;
4. compound B elevator step 3. obtained is conveyed in finished product homogenizing bin, by the sky produced bottom homogenizing bin Gas homogenizing, enters back in finished product packing tank, and test package obtains product.
The using method of Green environmental-protection building mortar of the present invention is: be that 0.12:1 is stirred mixing according to the ratio of mud during use After conjunction.
The key technical indexes of the present invention:
Illustrate the setting time of Green environmental-protection building mortar of the present invention, comprcssive strength, rupture strength, shrinkage, frost resistance, The technical specifications such as water demand ratio, adhesion strength energy all meet national standard and industry standard.

Claims (10)

1. a Green environmental-protection building mortar, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following parts by weight: building waste 30-40 part, Sulphoaluminate cement clinker 40-50 part, slag micro powder 20-30 part, high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch 10-12 part, nano-calcium carbonate 12-14 part, water reducer 1.0-1.2 part, coagulant reinforcing agent 1-3 part, composite activating agent 0.12-0.14 part, redispersable latex powder 1-3 part, cellulose ether 1.2-1.4 part, defoamer 0.16-0.18 part, polypropylene fibre 1.2-1.4 part, zinc stearate 1.2-1.4 Part.
Green environmental-protection building mortar the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described building waste be engineering dregs, The material that a kind of or compositions of brick and tile fragment and concrete block is mixed to get with limestone.
Green environmental-protection building mortar the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described sulphoaluminate cement clinker is to use Low-grade bauxite or aluminum slag are pressed 1:1 and are replaced aluminium ore to produce the sulphoaluminate cement clinker of gained.
Green environmental-protection building mortar the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described slag micro powder is turning of steel mill Stove slag or electric furnace slag are through the powder of efflorescence.
Green environmental-protection building mortar the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch bag Include following raw material: calcium carbonate, calcium chloride and aluminium potassium sulfate;Calcium carbonate, calcium chloride are 3-5:1 with the mass ratio of aluminium potassium sulfate: 0.9;Preparation method is to be stirred at normal temperatures by above-mentioned raw materials.
Green environmental-protection building mortar the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described water reducer is polycarboxylic acids diminishing Agent, polycarboxylate water-reducer includes the raw material of following weight portion: acrylic acid 20-30 part, polyacrylamide 18-20 part, hydrogen peroxide 8-10 part, methylcellulose 8-10 part, molasses 10-12 part, dodecyl sodium sulfate 5-7 part, water 40-60 part;Preparation method is Above-mentioned raw materials is stirred at normal temperatures.
Green environmental-protection building mortar the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described coagulant reinforcing agent includes following heavy Amount part raw material: kieselguhr 20-30 part, lignin 22-24 part, molasses alcohol waste liquid dry powder 10-12 part, magnesium fluosilicate 6-8 part, Polyethylene Glycol 12-14 part, polyacrylamide 12-14 part, aluminum sulfate 5-7 part;Preparation method is by above-mentioned raw materials warp at normal temperatures The technical process of dispensing, homogenizing and grinding, stirs and is prepared from.
Green environmental-protection building mortar the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described defoamer includes dimethyl-silicon Oil, propylene glycol block polyether, silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty glyceride and Polysorbate;Preparation method be with dimethicone and Propylene glycol block polyether is main component, compounds with silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty glyceride and Polysorbate, when silicone oil breast Agent content be the ratio of the 8 of dimethicone, fatty glyceride and Polysorbate be 3:1, silicone oil emulsification agent, fatty acid glycerine The total amount of ester and Polysorbate accounts for dimethicone and propylene glycol block polyether gross mass 50, dimethicone and propylene glycol block Polyethers ratio, during for 3:4, prepares described defoamer.
Green environmental-protection building mortar the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described composite activating agent is by silicic acid Sodium, sodium sulfate mix with naphthalenesulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensate, add catalyst triisopropanolamine and calcium sulfate is formulated;Wherein The mass ratio that sodium silicate, sodium sulfate, naphthalenesulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensate, triisopropanolamine, calcium sulfate add is 9:7:5:2:3.
The production method of Green environmental-protection building mortar the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
1. being dried: building waste is dried by Belt Conveying to tower drier, water into the mill is less than 1.8%;Slag micro powder percutaneous Belt conveyor delivers to rotary dryer dries, after drying the boosted machine of slag deliver to slag storage deposit, water content is less than 2.8%;
2. by building waste, sulphoaluminate cement clinker, slag micro powder, high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch, nano-calcium carbonate, diminishing Agent, coagulant reinforcing agent, composite activating agent, redispersable latex powder, cellulose ether, defoamer, polypropylene fibre and zinc stearate After weighing the most by weight respectively, first by high activity penetrant crystalline masterbatch, nano-calcium carbonate, water reducer, coagulant reinforcing agent, can be again Dispersed latex powder, cellulose ether, defoamer, polypropylene fibre and zinc stearate are put into mixer and are stirred mixing, are mixed Close material A;
The most by weight composite activating agent, sulphoaluminate cement clinker, slag micro powder and building waste are added mortar ball In grinding machine, and to the internal spray atomized water of mortar ball mill, the temperature of milling process is made to control at 90~120 DEG C, from mortar Material out at ball mill, puts into mixer together with step compound A 2. and is stirred mixing, obtain compound B;
4. compound B elevator step 3. obtained is conveyed in finished product homogenizing bin, by the sky produced bottom homogenizing bin Gas homogenizing, enters back in finished product packing tank, and test package obtains product.
CN201610586874.9A 2016-07-25 2016-07-25 Green environmental-protection building mortar and production method thereof Pending CN106278063A (en)

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CN107200529A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-09-26 深圳港创建材股份有限公司 A kind of mortar joint and preparation method thereof
CN107746233A (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-03-02 广西云燕特种水泥建材有限公司 A kind of mortar for building and its production method
CN107879707A (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-04-06 广西云燕特种水泥建材有限公司 A kind of heat preservation mortar for outer wall and its production method
CN107935499A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-04-20 李修来 A kind of Green environmental-protection building mortar and preparation method thereof
CN107973540A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-01 江苏百瑞吉新材料有限公司 A kind of concrete intensifier and preparation method thereof
CN108059417A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-22 芜湖林电子科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the good 3D printing mortar of rheological characteristic
CN108706947A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-10-26 临泉县凯晟建筑工程有限公司 A kind of special antifreeze environment-friendly type water mud of roadbed stone
CN108996957A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-14 南京奥新可工程科技有限公司 A kind of impervious building mortar of cracking resistance and its preparation method and application

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107200529A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-09-26 深圳港创建材股份有限公司 A kind of mortar joint and preparation method thereof
CN107935499A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-04-20 李修来 A kind of Green environmental-protection building mortar and preparation method thereof
CN107746233A (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-03-02 广西云燕特种水泥建材有限公司 A kind of mortar for building and its production method
CN107879707A (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-04-06 广西云燕特种水泥建材有限公司 A kind of heat preservation mortar for outer wall and its production method
CN108059417A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-22 芜湖林电子科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the good 3D printing mortar of rheological characteristic
CN107973540A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-01 江苏百瑞吉新材料有限公司 A kind of concrete intensifier and preparation method thereof
CN108706947A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-10-26 临泉县凯晟建筑工程有限公司 A kind of special antifreeze environment-friendly type water mud of roadbed stone
CN108996957A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-14 南京奥新可工程科技有限公司 A kind of impervious building mortar of cracking resistance and its preparation method and application

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