CN106245693A - A kind of shoveling mechanism of automatic crawler type loading shovel - Google Patents

A kind of shoveling mechanism of automatic crawler type loading shovel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106245693A
CN106245693A CN201610652075.7A CN201610652075A CN106245693A CN 106245693 A CN106245693 A CN 106245693A CN 201610652075 A CN201610652075 A CN 201610652075A CN 106245693 A CN106245693 A CN 106245693A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
swing arm
transport
shovel
star
wheel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610652075.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
储凯煜
肖永东
江波
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ANHUI HONGCHANG MACHINERY MATERIAL MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ANHUI HONGCHANG MACHINERY MATERIAL MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ANHUI HONGCHANG MACHINERY MATERIAL MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical ANHUI HONGCHANG MACHINERY MATERIAL MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610652075.7A priority Critical patent/CN106245693A/en
Publication of CN106245693A publication Critical patent/CN106245693A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/28Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging tools mounted on a dipper- or bucket-arm, i.e. there is either one arm or a pair of arms, e.g. dippers, buckets
    • E02F3/34Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging tools mounted on a dipper- or bucket-arm, i.e. there is either one arm or a pair of arms, e.g. dippers, buckets with bucket-arms, i.e. a pair of arms, e.g. manufacturing processes, form, geometry, material of bucket-arms directly pivoted on the frames of tractors or self-propelled machines
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/28Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging tools mounted on a dipper- or bucket-arm, i.e. there is either one arm or a pair of arms, e.g. dippers, buckets
    • E02F3/36Component parts
    • E02F3/40Dippers; Buckets ; Grab devices, e.g. manufacturing processes for buckets, form, geometry or material of buckets
    • E02F3/407Dippers; Buckets ; Grab devices, e.g. manufacturing processes for buckets, form, geometry or material of buckets with ejecting or other unloading device
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/28Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with digging tools mounted on a dipper- or bucket-arm, i.e. there is either one arm or a pair of arms, e.g. dippers, buckets
    • E02F3/36Component parts
    • E02F3/42Drives for dippers, buckets, dipper-arms or bucket-arms
    • E02F3/425Drive systems for dipper-arms, backhoes or the like

Abstract

The invention discloses the shoveling mechanism of a kind of automatic crawler type loading shovel, including frame, swing arm seat, swing arm seat angling cylinder, swing arm, shovel bunker, boom cylinder, shovel charge of oil cylinder, automatic device for removing slag and the first transport scrapper conveyor;Described automatic device for removing slag includes rotating star-wheel and star-wheel motor, and described first transport scrapper conveyor is made up of the first transport drivewheel, final drive shaft, transport motor, chain, rubbing board and the first transport driven pulley.Technical scheme is easy and simple to handle, reduces labor intensity of operating staff, and flexibly and easily, floor space is little, and place adaptability is good, and safety and stability is reliable, it is achieved that automatically skim, scarfing cinder function.

Description

A kind of shoveling mechanism of automatic crawler type loading shovel
Technical field
The present invention relates to mining excavating equipment, be specifically related to the shoveling mechanism of a kind of automatic crawler type loading shovel.
Background technology
Automatically crawler type loading shovel is applicable to the various Work places such as coal, Ore, the earthwork, owing to original crawler type is excavated Loader must pass through operator ceaselessly operation element mechanism, and operation is complicated loaded down with trivial details, requires operator in the tunnel confined space Member is skilled in technique, and labor intensity is very big, as long as and automatically crawler type loading shovel shovel bunker is put to debris, startup is taken off automatically Slag device, it is achieved automatically skim, scarfing cinder.Labor intensity of operating staff significantly reduces, and slag discharge efficiency is high, the present invention's The shoveling mechanism of a kind of automatic crawler type loading shovel realizes skimming, and scarfing cinder automatization improves work efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide the shoveling mechanism of a kind of automatic crawler type loading shovel, and this shovel fills Mechanism is easy and simple to handle, reduces labor intensity of operating staff, and flexibly and easily, floor space is little, and place adaptability is good, safety and stability Reliably.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the automatic crawler type loading shovel of the present invention, the shovel loader of a kind of automatic crawler type loading shovel Structure, including frame, is characterized in that: this shoveling mechanism is arranged on frame front, including swing arm seat, swing arm seat angling cylinder, swing arm, Shovel bunker, boom cylinder, shovel charge of oil cylinder, automatic device for removing slag and the first transport scrapper conveyor;
Described swing arm seat is arranged in frame by bearing pin, is connected with swing arm on swing arm seat, and the upper right side of swing arm is with dynamic Being provided with boom cylinder between arm seat, the flexible drive swing arm of boom cylinder rotates upwardly and downwardly, and bearing pin and shovel are passed through in the front end of swing arm Bunker connects, and the upper end of described swing arm is connected by one end of bearing pin with shovel charge of oil cylinder, and the other end of shovel charge of oil cylinder passes through bearing pin It is connected with shovel bunker, drives shovel bunker to rotate by shovel charge of oil cylinder is flexible;Described swing arm seat angling cylinder one end is fixedly mounted on In frame, the other end is connected with the central rotating shaft of swing arm, by the turnover oil mass of swing arm seat angling cylinder, thus controls swing arm seat Left and right revolution;
Before described shovel bunker, bottom is equipped with automatic device for removing slag, and described automatic device for removing slag includes rotating star-wheel and star-wheel motor, Described rotation star-wheel and star-wheel motor have two respectively, and the lower section rotating star-wheel by spline and rotates star-wheel motors, opens Open oil circuit startup rotation star-wheel motor thus star-wheel is rotated and rotates against, it is achieved automatically take off and take debris function;
Described first transport scrapper conveyor is by the first transport drivewheel, final drive shaft, transport motor, chain, rubbing board and the first fortune Defeated driven pulley forms;Described first transport drivewheel is arranged on final drive shaft, and axle head has spline and transport motors, transport Motor is opened by oil circuit and is driven final drive shaft to rotate, thus realizes the first transport drivewheel and rotate, the first transport actively gear teeth Portion, equipped with chain, drives rubbing board to move;Described first transport driven pulley is loaded on rotation star-wheel bottom, rotates star-wheel and rotates against certainly Move and take off the debris taken, fall into shovel bunker rear portion, chain-driving rubbing board 15 move and will automatically take off the debris transport taken to transporting scouring machine Structure.
In technique scheme, the present invention has a following Advantageous Effects: first, the automatic crawler type shovel of the present invention The shoveling mechanism of entrucking is the new and effective transporting equipment of slagging tap of underground mine driving, can be respectively suitable for little, in, large-scale disconnected The driving in face uses, and the shoveling mechanism operation of automatic crawler type loading shovel is in development end, it is possible to complete heavy slagging tap and transport Task, easy and simple to handle;Second, the shoveling mechanism of the present invention is provided with automatic device for removing slag, and it can be collected automatically, takes off and takes debris, Reduce labor intensity of operating staff, flexibly and easily;3rd, the present invention is provided with the first transport scrapper conveyor, it is possible to convenient by debris It is transported to transport groove mechanism maybe reprinted on other mine car by material, it is possible to automatically draw off, it is achieved that skim, scarfing cinder, transport stream automatically Water is worked continuously, and improves work efficiency, is greatly accelerated the driving speed of Tunnel Engineering.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 be a kind of automatic crawler type loading shovel of the present invention shoveling mechanism in the structural representation of shoveling mechanism;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 2.
Detailed description of the invention
The shoveling mechanism of automatic crawler type loading shovel a kind of to the present invention with embodiment is made the most below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings Describe in detail bright.The accompanying drawing constituting the application is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, the illustrative examples of the present invention and Illustrate to be used for explaining the present invention, be not intended that inappropriate limitation of the present invention.
As seen from Figure 1, the shoveling mechanism of a kind of automatic crawler type loading shovel of the present embodiment is arranged on frame 1 front and includes Frame 1, swing arm seat 2, swing arm seat angling cylinder 3, swing arm 4, shovel bunker 5, boom cylinder 6, shovel charge of oil cylinder 7, automatic device for removing slag 8 With the first transport scrapper conveyor 9.
In the present embodiment, swing arm seat 2 is arranged in frame 1 by bearing pin, is connected with swing arm 4 on swing arm seat 2, dynamic Being provided with boom cylinder 6 between upper right side and the swing arm seat 2 of arm 4, the flexible drive swing arm 4 of boom cylinder 6 rotates upwardly and downwardly, swing arm The front end of 4 is connected with shovel bunker 5 by bearing pin, and the upper end of swing arm 4 is connected by one end of bearing pin with shovel charge of oil cylinder 7, shovels charge of oil The other end of cylinder 7 is connected with shovel bunker 5 by bearing pin, drives shovel bunker 5 to rotate by shovel charge of oil cylinder 7 is flexible;Swing arm seat turns round Oil cylinder 3 one end is fixedly mounted in frame 1, and the other end is connected with the central rotating shaft of swing arm 4, by swing arm seat angling cylinder 3 Turnover oil mass, thus control the left and right revolution of swing arm seat 2.
In the present embodiment, before shovel bunker 5, bottom is equipped with automatic device for removing slag 8, and automatic device for removing slag 8 includes rotating star-wheel 10 With star-wheel motor 11, rotate star-wheel 10 and star-wheel motor 11 has two respectively, rotate the lower section of star-wheel 10 by spline and rotation Star-wheel motor 11 is connected, and opens oil circuit startup rotation star-wheel motor 11 thus star-wheel 10 is rotated and rotates against, it is achieved automatically Take off and take debris function.
In the present embodiment, first transport scrapper conveyor 9 be by first transport drivewheel 12, final drive shaft 13, transport motor 14, Chain 15, rubbing board 16 and the first transport driven pulley 17 form;Described first transport drivewheel 12 is arranged on final drive shaft 13, axle End has spline to be connected with transport motor 14, and transport motor 14 is opened drive final drive shaft 13 by oil circuit and rotated, thus realizes the One transport drivewheel 12 rotates, and the first transport drivewheel 12 teeth portion, equipped with chain 15, drives rubbing board 16 to move;The of the present embodiment One transport driven pulley 17 is loaded on rotation star-wheel 10 bottom, and rotation star-wheel 10 rotates against takes off the debris taken automatically, falls into shovel bunker 5 Rear portion, is driven rubbing board 15 to move by chain 14 and to fortune groove mechanism or reprints automatically taking off the debris transport taken on other mine car, Realization is skimmed, scarfing cinder, and transport automatic streamline is worked continuously, and improves work efficiency, can accelerate the speed of Tunnel Engineering.
The shoveling mechanism of the automatic crawler type loading shovel of the present embodiment is the new and effective transport of slagging tap of underground mine driving Equipment, can be respectively suitable for little, in, the driving of large-sized section use, the shoveling mechanism operation of automatic crawler type loading shovel in Development end, it is possible to complete heavy slagging tap and transport task, easy and simple to handle;Automatically device for removing slag can be collected automatically, takes off and takes slag Stone, reduces labor intensity of operating staff, flexibly and easily;First transport scrapper conveyor can facilitate debris is transported to transport groove mechanism Maybe being reprinted on other mine car by material, it is possible to automatically draw off, it is achieved that skim, scarfing cinder, transport automatic streamline is worked continuously, and improves Work efficiency, is greatly accelerated the driving speed of Tunnel Engineering.The present embodiment is provided simultaneously with excavating and conveying function, operation letter Just, flexibly, floor space is little, and digging efficiency is high, and place adaptability is good, and safety and stability is reliable.
The above, be only embodiments of the invention, not impose any restrictions the present invention, every according to the technology of the present invention The change of any simple modification, change and equivalent method that above example is made by essence, all still falls within the technology of the present invention In the protection domain of scheme.

Claims (1)

1. a shoveling mechanism for automatic crawler type loading shovel, including frame (1), is characterized in that: this shoveling mechanism is arranged on machine Frame (1) front, including swing arm seat (2), swing arm seat angling cylinder (3), swing arm (4), shovel bunker (5), boom cylinder (6), shovel dress Oil cylinder (7), automatic device for removing slag (8) and the first transport scrapper conveyor (9);
Described swing arm seat (2) is arranged in frame (1) by bearing pin, is connected with swing arm (4), swing arm on swing arm seat (2) (4) being provided with boom cylinder (6) between upper right side and swing arm seat (2), the flexible drive swing arm (4) of boom cylinder (6) is upper and lower Rotating, the front end of swing arm (4) is connected with shovel bunker (5) by bearing pin, and the upper end of described swing arm (4) is by bearing pin and shovel charge of oil cylinder (7) one end connects, and the other end of shovel charge of oil cylinder (7) is connected with shovel bunker (5) by bearing pin, is stretched by shovel charge of oil cylinder (7) Shovel bunker (5) is driven to rotate;Described swing arm seat angling cylinder (3) one end is fixedly mounted in frame (1), the other end and swing arm (4) central rotating shaft connects, and by the turnover oil mass of swing arm seat angling cylinder (3), thus the left and right controlling swing arm seat (2) is returned Turn;
The front bottom of described shovel bunker (5) is equipped with automatic device for removing slag (8), and described automatic device for removing slag (8) includes rotating star-wheel And star-wheel motor (11) (10), described rotation star-wheel (10) and star-wheel motor (11) have two respectively, rotate under star-wheel (10) Side is connected with rotating star-wheel motor (11) by spline, and unlatching oil circuit startup rotates star-wheel motor (11) thus star-wheel is rotated (10) rotate against, it is achieved automatically take off and take debris function;
Described first transport scrapper conveyor (9) is by the first transport drivewheel (12), final drive shaft (13), transport motor (14), chain Bar (15), rubbing board (16) and the first transport driven pulley (17) composition;Described first transport drivewheel (12) is arranged on final drive shaft (13) on, axle head has spline to be connected with transport motor (14), and transport motor (14) is opened by oil circuit and driven final drive shaft (13) Rotating, thus realize the first transport drivewheel (12) and rotate, the first transport drivewheel (12) teeth portion is equipped with chain (15), and drive includes Plate (16) is mobile;Described first transport driven pulley (17) is loaded on rotation star-wheel (10) bottom, rotates star-wheel (10) and rotates against certainly Move and take off the debris taken, fall into shovel bunker (5) rear portion, chain (14) drive the mobile debris taken of automatically taking off of rubbing board (15) to transport To transporting groove mechanism.
CN201610652075.7A 2016-08-11 2016-08-11 A kind of shoveling mechanism of automatic crawler type loading shovel Pending CN106245693A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610652075.7A CN106245693A (en) 2016-08-11 2016-08-11 A kind of shoveling mechanism of automatic crawler type loading shovel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610652075.7A CN106245693A (en) 2016-08-11 2016-08-11 A kind of shoveling mechanism of automatic crawler type loading shovel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106245693A true CN106245693A (en) 2016-12-21

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610652075.7A Pending CN106245693A (en) 2016-08-11 2016-08-11 A kind of shoveling mechanism of automatic crawler type loading shovel

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111441786A (en) * 2020-06-15 2020-07-24 中国铁建重工集团股份有限公司 Be applied to entry driving machine in special-shaped section tunnel

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5184932A (en) * 1988-09-19 1993-02-09 Kabushiki Kaisha Komatsu Seisakusho Linkage mechanism of a work implement
CN201010916Y (en) * 2007-03-22 2008-01-23 燕连根 Ore shovel loader used in laneway
CN201650280U (en) * 2009-11-13 2010-11-24 张红彬 Integrated open cast coal mining machine
CN103835710A (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-06-04 沈阳北方重矿机械有限公司 Hard rock-type large-gradient heading machine
CN204662525U (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-09-23 龙口市四平有限责任公司 For the hopper-type Cinder Machine of narrow opening mine
CN205114539U (en) * 2015-11-01 2016-03-30 钟鹏程 Novel star gear loads hydraulic pressure slagging -off machine shovel board of structure device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5184932A (en) * 1988-09-19 1993-02-09 Kabushiki Kaisha Komatsu Seisakusho Linkage mechanism of a work implement
CN201010916Y (en) * 2007-03-22 2008-01-23 燕连根 Ore shovel loader used in laneway
CN201650280U (en) * 2009-11-13 2010-11-24 张红彬 Integrated open cast coal mining machine
CN103835710A (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-06-04 沈阳北方重矿机械有限公司 Hard rock-type large-gradient heading machine
CN204662525U (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-09-23 龙口市四平有限责任公司 For the hopper-type Cinder Machine of narrow opening mine
CN205114539U (en) * 2015-11-01 2016-03-30 钟鹏程 Novel star gear loads hydraulic pressure slagging -off machine shovel board of structure device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111441786A (en) * 2020-06-15 2020-07-24 中国铁建重工集团股份有限公司 Be applied to entry driving machine in special-shaped section tunnel

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Application publication date: 20161221

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