CN106240258B - A kind of automatic tire charging crane - Google Patents

A kind of automatic tire charging crane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106240258B
CN106240258B CN201610780878.0A CN201610780878A CN106240258B CN 106240258 B CN106240258 B CN 106240258B CN 201610780878 A CN201610780878 A CN 201610780878A CN 106240258 B CN106240258 B CN 106240258B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
swing arm
tire
casing
scroll wheel
arm
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610780878.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
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CN106240258A (en
Inventor
毕金亮
Original Assignee
毕金亮
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 毕金亮 filed Critical 毕金亮
Priority to CN201610780878.0A priority Critical patent/CN106240258B/en
Publication of CN106240258A publication Critical patent/CN106240258A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106240258B publication Critical patent/CN106240258B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60CVEHICLE TYRES; TYRE INFLATION; TYRE CHANGING OR REPAIRING; REPAIRING, OR CONNECTING VALVES TO, INFLATABLE ELASTIC BODIES IN GENERAL; DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS RELATED TO TYRES
    • B60C25/00Apparatus or tools adapted for mounting, removing, repairing or inspecting tyres
    • B60C25/01Apparatus or tools adapted for mounting, removing, repairing or inspecting tyres for manually removing tyres from or mounting tyres on wheels
    • B60C25/05Machines, i.e. motorized devices, e.g. for mounting, demounting
    • B60C25/132Machines, i.e. motorized devices, e.g. for mounting, demounting for removing and mounting tyres
    • B60C25/135Machines, i.e. motorized devices, e.g. for mounting, demounting for removing and mounting tyres having a tyre support or a tool, movable along wheel axis
    • B60C25/138Machines, i.e. motorized devices, e.g. for mounting, demounting for removing and mounting tyres having a tyre support or a tool, movable along wheel axis with rotary motion of tool or tyre support

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of automatic tire charging cranes, including casing, bracket, driving device, the chuck for stationary hub, main swing arm, the first swing arm and the second swing arm;One end of bracket is fixed on casing upper end, and the other end is in tilted layout upwards;Driving device is fixedly mounted in casing, and the output end of driving device stretches out casing and is fixedly connected with chuck;The other end of main swing arm one end and bracket is hinged, and the other end is equipped with the first scroll wheel;The lateral surface of first swing arm one end and casing is hinged, and the other end is equipped with the second scroll wheel;The other end of second swing arm one end and bracket is hinged, and the other end is equipped with hook.Automatic dismantling and installation to tire may be implemented in the present invention, both saves the time, without mutual disassembly and installation, improves work efficiency.

Description

A kind of automatic tire charging crane

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of maintenance of equipment more particularly to a kind of automatic tire charging cranes.

Background technique

The tire general diameter that oversize vehicle is equipped with is larger, and weight is up to several hundred kilograms, when being dismantled, Due to lacking special equipment, the original method for being taken multi agent cooperation by means of tools such as scraper bowl, crowbar, tups is generally required, is used Power separates tire with wheel hub, and this method for dismounting often damages wheel hub and tire, and time-consuming and laborious, and labor efficiency is low, Repair quality is difficult to ensure.The method of current tire dismantling machine detaching tyre and installation tire is more clumsy, and program is more Complexity, the efficiency of loading and unloading is lower, can not rapidly remove and install to tire.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of automatic tire charging cranes, can rapidly realize automatically Tire and wheel hub remove and install, and can greatly increase the disassembly and peace of tire with the tire of suitable for multiple sizes Fill speed.

The technical scheme to solve the above technical problems is that a kind of automatic tire charging crane, which is characterized in that packet Include casing, bracket, driving device, the chuck for stationary hub, main swing arm, the first swing arm and the second swing arm;It is described One end of bracket is fixed on the casing upper end, and the other end is in tilted layout upwards;The driving device is fixedly mounted on the machine In shell, the output end of the driving device stretches out the casing and is fixedly connected with the chuck;Described main swing arm one end with The other end of the bracket is hinged, and the other end is equipped with the first scroll wheel;First swing arm one end is outer with the casing It is hinged at, the other end is equipped with the second scroll wheel;Second swing arm one end and the other end of the bracket are hinged, another End is equipped with hook.

The beneficial effects of the present invention are: bead seat is adapted to installation with chuck, when disassembly, main swing arm and first is swung Arm holds out against tire from both direction, is rotated by driving device driving chuck, the power due to tire by different directions, after rotation, Tire can be separated gradually from wheel hub, realize the automatic dismantling to tire;When installation, main swing arm and the second swing arm from Both direction holds out against tire, is rotated by driving device driving chuck along the direction opposite with when disassembly, since tire is by difference The power in direction, after rotation, tire can be gradually installed on bead seat, realized the automatic installation to tire, both saved the time, Should not mutual disassembly and installation, working efficiency is greatly improved.

Based on the above technical solution, the present invention can also be improved as follows.

Further, first swing arm includes the first arm body and stretches for controlling the first arm body is swung first Cylinder, one end of the first arm body and the lateral surface of the casing are hinged, and the other end is equipped with second scroll wheel, and described One end of one telescoping cylinder is fixedly mounted on the first arm body and close to the one end for being equipped with second scroll wheel, the other end It is fixedly connected with the lateral surface of the casing.

Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is: being adjusted by adjusting the first telescoping cylinder to the first swing arm Section, enables the scroll wheel of the first swing arm end to hold out against tire in detaching tyre, tire is smoothly split It unloads.

Further, the second telescoping cylinder that the main swing arm includes principal arm body and swings for controlling the principal arm body, institute One end and the pedestal upper end for stating main swing arm are hinged, and the other end is equipped with first scroll wheel, second telescoping cylinder One end be fixedly mounted on the principal arm body be equipped with the first scroll wheel one end, the other end be fixedly mounted on the bracket.

Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is: adjusting the movement of main swing arm by telescoping cylinder, can operate Property it is high, it is easy to adjust.

Further, the driving device includes motor, gear-box, speed changer, the output end of the motor with it is described Gearbox drive connection, the output end of the gear-box are connect with the variator, the output end of the speed changer and institute Chuck is stated to be fixedly connected;The chuck it is in the form of annular discs and on its end face far from the speed changer be equipped be adapted to bead seat Protrusion structure.

Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is: increasing the output torque of driving device by speed changer, is convenient for The protrusion structure being adapted to bead seat is arranged on chuck, may be implemented to a variety of tires for the automatic dismantling of tire and installation Automatic dismantling and installation.

Further, the speed changer lower end is fixedly installed with the third telescoping cylinder for adjusting its lifting, and the third is stretched One end of contracting cylinder and the casing are fixedly mounted, and the lower end surface of the other end and the speed changer is fixedly mounted.

Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is: by the way that third telescoping cylinder is arranged, speed changer can slightly be risen It rises, and then drives chuck raising certain angle, easy to disassemble or installation tire.

Further, further include compressor and gas receiver, the compressor is placed on outside the casing, the compressor it is defeated Outlet is connected with the air inlet of the gas receiver, the gas outlet of the gas receiver and first telescoping cylinder, the second telescoping cylinder And the third telescoping cylinder is connected.

Further, hydraulic system replacement can be used in the compressor and gas receiver.

Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is: the gas of compressor compresses being stored in gas receiver, then is supplied It is given to each telescoping cylinder, has the characteristics that stable gas pressure, more stable safety when adjusting swing arm;In addition air supplies Device can also be replaced by hydraulic system.

It further, further include external controller, the external controller is electrically connected with the driving device.

Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is: by main swing arm and the first swing arm by external controller control System, it is easy to operate, convenient for control.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is side view of the invention;

Fig. 2 is main view of the invention.

In attached drawing, parts list represented by the reference numerals are as follows:

1, casing;2, bracket;3, driving device;31, chuck;32, motor;33, gear-box;34, speed changer;341, Three telescoping cylinders;4, main swing arm;41, principal arm body;411, the first scroll wheel;42, the second telescoping cylinder;5, the first swing arm;51, Two scroll wheels;52, the first arm body;53, the second telescoping cylinder;6, the second swing arm;61, hook;71, compressor;72, gas receiver.

Specific embodiment

The principle and features of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings, and the given examples are served only to explain the present invention, and It is non-to be used to limit the scope of the invention.

Embodiment 1

As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of automatic tire demountor of the present embodiment, including casing 1, bracket 2, driving device 3, For the chuck 31 of stationary hub, main swing arm 4 and the first swing arm 5;One end of the bracket 2 is fixed on the casing 1 End, the other end are in tilted layout upwards;The driving device 3 is fixedly mounted in the fuselage 1, the output end of the driving device It stretches out the casing 1 and is fixedly connected with the chuck 31;Described 4 one end of main swing arm and the other end of the bracket 2 are hinged, The other end is hinged with the first scroll wheel 411 for holding out against tire;The side of described first swing arm, 5 one end and the casing 1 Hingedly, other end activity has the second scroll wheel 51 connected for holding out against tire.

As shown in Figure 1, the first swing arm of the embodiment of the present invention 5 is including the first arm body 52 and for controlling first arm The first telescoping cylinder 53 that body 52 is swung, one end of the first arm body 52 and the lateral surface of the casing 1 are hinged by rotation axis, The other end is equipped with second scroll wheel 51, and one end of first telescoping cylinder 53 is fixedly mounted on the first arm body 5 And close to the one end for being equipped with the second scroll wheel 51, the lateral surface fixed installation of the other end and the casing 1.

As shown in Figure 1, the main swing arm 4 of the embodiment of the present invention includes principal arm body 41 and puts for controlling the principal arm body 41 The second dynamic telescoping cylinder 42, one end of the principal arm body 41 and the upper end of the bracket 2 are hinged by rotation axis, other end installation There is first scroll wheel 411, one end of second telescoping cylinder 42 is fixedly mounted on the principal arm body 41 and close to installation There is one end of the first scroll wheel 411, the other end and the bracket 2 are fixedly mounted.

As shown in the figures 1 and 2, the driving device 3 includes motor 32, gear-box 33, speed changer 34, the motor 32 Output end and the gear-box 33 be sequentially connected, the output end of the gear-box 33 and the speed changer 34 are sequentially connected, institute The output end for stating speed changer 34 is fixedly connected with the chuck 31, the chuck 31 it is in the form of annular discs and at it far from the speed changer 34 end face is equipped with the protrusion structure 311 being adapted to bead seat, and 34 lower end of speed changer is fixedly installed with for adjusting The third telescoping cylinder 341 of its raising, one end of the third telescoping cylinder 341 is bolted to connection with the casing 1, another End and the lower end surface of the speed changer 34 are fixedly mounted.

As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment further includes compressor 71 and gas receiver 72, the compressor 71 is placed on the casing Outside 1, the short air inlet with the gas receiver 72 of output of the compressor 71 is connected by pipeline, and the gas receiver 72 goes out Port is connected by tracheae and first telescoping cylinder 53, the second telescoping cylinder 42 and the third telescoping cylinder 321, in addition, this Hydraulic system substitution can be used in the compressor 71 and gas receiver 72 of embodiment.

The present embodiment further includes external controller, and the external controller is electrically connected with the driving device 4, described in adjusting The raising and decline of rotating forward, reversion and the lifting of chuck 31 and the main swing arm 4 and first swing arm 5.

Embodiment 2

As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of automatic tire fitting machine of this implementation, including casing 1, bracket 2, driving device 3, use In the chuck 31 of stationary hub, main swing arm 4 and the second swing arm 6;One end of the bracket 2 is fixed on 1 upper end of casing, The other end is in tilted layout upwards;The driving device 3 is fixedly mounted in the fuselage 1, and the output end of the driving device is stretched It the casing and is fixedly connected out with the chuck 31;Described 4 one end of main swing arm and the other end of the bracket 2 are hinged, separately One end is hinged with the first scroll wheel 411 for holding out against tire;One end of second swing arm 6 and the bracket 2 are hinged, separately One end is fixedly installed with the hook 61 for clamping tire.

As shown in Figure 1, the main swing arm 4 of the embodiment of the present invention includes principal arm body 41 and puts for controlling the principal arm body 41 The second dynamic telescoping cylinder 42, one end of the principal arm body 41 and the upper end of the bracket 2 are hinged by rotation axis, other end installation There is first scroll wheel 411, one end of second telescoping cylinder 42 is fixedly mounted on the principal arm body 41 and close to installation There is one end of the first scroll wheel 411, the other end and the bracket 2 are fixedly mounted.

Second swing arm 6 of the present embodiment, which manually operates, makes hook clamping tire.

As shown in the figures 1 and 2, the driving device 3 includes motor 32, gear-box 33, speed changer 34, the motor 32 Output end and the gear-box 33 be sequentially connected, the output end of the gear-box 33 and the speed changer 34 are sequentially connected, institute The output end for stating speed changer 34 is fixedly connected with the chuck 31, the chuck 31 it is in the form of annular discs and at it far from the speed changer 34 end face is equipped with the protrusion structure 311 being adapted to bead seat, and 34 lower end of speed changer is fixedly installed with for adjusting The third telescoping cylinder 341 of its raising, one end of the third telescoping cylinder 341 is bolted to connection with the casing 1, another End and the lower end surface of the speed changer 34 are fixedly mounted.

As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment further includes compressor 71 and gas receiver 72, the compressor 71 is placed on the casing Outside 1, the short air inlet with the gas receiver 72 of output of the compressor 71 is connected by pipeline, and the gas receiver 72 goes out Port is connected by tracheae and first telescoping cylinder 53, the second telescoping cylinder 42 and the third telescoping cylinder 321, in addition, this Hydraulic system substitution can be used in the compressor 71 and gas receiver 72 of embodiment.

The present embodiment further includes external controller, and the external controller is electrically connected with the driving device 4, described in adjusting The raising and decline of rotating forward, reversion and the lifting of chuck 31 and the main swing arm 4.

The embodiment of the present invention external controller 6 and the driving device 3, the main swing arm 4 and described first swing Arm 5 is electrically connected, adjust the chuck 31 rotate and reverse and the raising of the main swing arm 4 and first swing arm 5 with Decline.

The working principle of the invention is: in detaching tyre, bead seat being mounted on chuck 31, by driving device 3 Output power, and transfer power on chuck 31, the first telescoping cylinder 53 and third telescoping cylinder are supplied by air feeder 7 Chuck 31, is risen to certain height by 321 corresponding air pressures, by operating external controller, by the first rolling of main swing arm 4 Driving wheel 411 is stuck in the side of tire, then the second scroll wheel 51 of the first swing arm 5 is stuck in the other side of tire, and 31 turns of chuck Dynamic, tire can gradually be split away off from bead seat;When installing tire, bead seat is mounted on chuck 31, by driving Dynamic 3 output power of device, and transfer power on chuck 31, the second telescoping cylinder 42 and third are supplied by air feeder 7 Chuck 31, is risen to certain height by the corresponding air pressure of telescoping cylinder 321, and the first scroll wheel 411 of main swing arm 4 is stuck in wheel The side of tire, then the hook 61 of the second swing arm 6 is stuck on tire, the direction opposite with when disassembly of chuck 31 rotates, tire Gradually it is installed on bead seat.

The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all in spirit of the invention and Within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on be should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of automatic tire charging crane, which is characterized in that including casing (1), bracket (2), driving device (3), for fixing Chuck (31) and main swing arm (4), the first swing arm (5) and the second swing arm (6) of bead seat;The one of the bracket (2) End is fixedly connected on the casing (1) upper end, and the other end is in tilted layout upwards;The driving device (3) is fixedly mounted on described In casing (1), the output end of the driving device (3) stretches out the casing (1) and is fixedly connected with the chuck (31);It is described Main swing arm (4) one end and the other end of the bracket (2) are hinged, and the other end is equipped with the first scroll wheel (411);Described first Swing arm (5) one end and the lateral surface of the casing (1) are hinged, and the other end is equipped with the second scroll wheel (51), first rolling Driving wheel (411) and second scroll wheel (51) are located at the two sides of tire axial, first scroll wheel (411) and described Second scroll wheel (51) is staggered up and down and left and right is staggered;The other end of described second swing arm (6) one end and the bracket (2) is cut with scissors It connecing, the other end is fixedly installed with hook (61), when detaching tyre, first scroll wheel (411) card of the main swing arm (4) In the side of tire, second scroll wheel (51) of first swing arm (5) is stuck in the other side of tire, the chuck (31) it rotates, tire is gradually split away off from bead seat;When tire is installed, first rolling of the main swing arm (4) Driving wheel (411) is stuck in the side of tire, and the hook (61) of second swing arm (6) is stuck on tire, the chuck (31) direction opposite with when disassembly rotates, and tire is gradually installed on bead seat.
2. a kind of automatic tire charging crane according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first swing arm (5) includes the One arm body (52) and the first telescoping cylinder (53) swung for controlling the first arm body (52), the one of the first arm body (52) End is hinged with the lateral surface of the casing (1), and the other end is equipped with second scroll wheel (51), first telescoping cylinder (53) One end be fixedly mounted on the first arm body (52) and close to the one end for being equipped with second scroll wheel (51), the other end It is fixedly connected with the lateral surface of the casing (1).
3. a kind of automatic tire charging crane according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the main swing arm (4) includes principal arm Body (41) and the second telescoping cylinder (42) swung for controlling the principal arm body (41), one end of the principal arm body (41) with it is described Bracket (2) upper end is hinged, and the other end is equipped with first scroll wheel (411), and one end of second telescoping cylinder (42) is fixed It is mounted on the principal arm body (41) and close to the one end for being equipped with first scroll wheel (411), the other end is fixedly mounted on On the bracket (2).
4. a kind of automatic tire charging crane according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the driving device (3) includes electronic Machine (32), gear-box (33), speed changer (34), the output end of the motor (32) and the gear-box (33) are sequentially connected, The output end of the gear-box (33) and the speed changer (34) are sequentially connected, the output end and the card of the speed changer (34) Disk (31) is fixedly connected.
5. a kind of automatic tire charging crane according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the chuck (31) it is in the form of annular discs and Its end face far from the speed changer (34) is equipped with the protrusion structure (311) being adapted to the bead seat.
6. a kind of automatic tire charging crane according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the fixed peace in speed changer (34) lower end Equipped with the third telescoping cylinder (341) for adjusting its lifting, one end and the casing (1) of the third telescoping cylinder (341) are solid Dingan County's dress, the lower end surface fixed installation of the other end and the speed changer (34).
7. a kind of automatic tire charging crane according to claim 6, which is characterized in that further include compressor (71) and gas receiver (72), the compressor (71) is placed on the casing (1) outside, the output end of the compressor (71) and the gas receiver (72) Air inlet be connected, the gas outlet of the gas receiver (72) and first telescoping cylinder (53), second telescoping cylinder (42) And the third telescoping cylinder (341) is connected.
8. a kind of automatic tire charging crane according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the compressor (71) and the gas storage Hydraulic system replacement can be used in cylinder (72).
9. a kind of automatic tire charging crane according to claim 7, which is characterized in that it further include external controller, it is described outer Controller is connect to be electrically connected with the driving device (3).
CN201610780878.0A 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 A kind of automatic tire charging crane CN106240258B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610780878.0A CN106240258B (en) 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 A kind of automatic tire charging crane

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610780878.0A CN106240258B (en) 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 A kind of automatic tire charging crane

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CN106240258A CN106240258A (en) 2016-12-21
CN106240258B true CN106240258B (en) 2019-11-08

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20180081299A (en) * 2017-01-06 2018-07-16 기아자동차주식회사 Conveyer and transfer system for diagnosing vehicle, and method thereof

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101138943A (en) * 2006-09-08 2008-03-12 古丽亚诺股份公司 Machine for fitting and removing vehicle tyres
CN101298230A (en) * 2007-04-30 2008-11-05 科星(中山)汽车设备有限公司 Tyre mounting/dismounting machine
CN203438790U (en) * 2013-06-13 2014-02-19 大城轮胎机械股份有限公司 Improved structure of tire detaching and mounting machine
CN205112882U (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-03-30 科星汽车设备(珠海)有限公司 Roller type sub -arm of tire dismouting machine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101138943A (en) * 2006-09-08 2008-03-12 古丽亚诺股份公司 Machine for fitting and removing vehicle tyres
CN101298230A (en) * 2007-04-30 2008-11-05 科星(中山)汽车设备有限公司 Tyre mounting/dismounting machine
CN203438790U (en) * 2013-06-13 2014-02-19 大城轮胎机械股份有限公司 Improved structure of tire detaching and mounting machine
CN205112882U (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-03-30 科星汽车设备(珠海)有限公司 Roller type sub -arm of tire dismouting machine

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