CN106235395A - A kind of tobacco humectant and its preparation method and application - Google Patents

A kind of tobacco humectant and its preparation method and application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106235395A
CN106235395A CN201610646897.4A CN201610646897A CN106235395A CN 106235395 A CN106235395 A CN 106235395A CN 201610646897 A CN201610646897 A CN 201610646897A CN 106235395 A CN106235395 A CN 106235395A
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China
Prior art keywords
tobacco
carbon fatty
many carbon
described
characterised
Prior art date
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CN201610646897.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周芸
李小兰
刘鸿
李志华
杨俊�
吴晶晶
范忠
黄善松
孟冬玲
周晓
朱晓兰
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广西中烟工业有限责任公司
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B15/00Chemical features or treatment of tobacco; Tobacco substitutes, e.g. in liquid form
    • A24B15/18Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/28Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes by chemical substances
    • A24B15/30Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes by chemical substances by organic substances
    • A24B15/36Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes by chemical substances by organic substances containing a heterocyclic ring

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of tobacco humectant and preparation method thereof and the using method in Nicotiana tabacum L..This humectant composition of raw materials includes pure water, alkyl polyglucoside, many carbon fatty alcohols and many carbon fatty acids, and wherein, pure water is solvent, in every 100 parts of weight portions, alkyl polyglucoside is 21 weight portions, and many carbon fatty alcohols are 25 55 weight portions, many carbon fatty acids are 15 5 weight portions, and remaining is pure water.Tobacco humectant is uniformly sprayed in Nicotiana tabacum L. at loosening and gaining moisture or in charging process, and spray adds 0.01 2.0% that ratio is tobacco shred or tobacco leaf weight, and the application process of the present invention is simple to operate.The tobacco humectant of the present invention is possible not only to significantly improve the physics performance of keeping humidity of tobacco product, it is also possible to improves the resistant to breakage ability of Nicotiana tabacum L. or tobacco shred, plays humectation effect.

Description

A kind of tobacco humectant and its preparation method and application

One, technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of moist-keeping agent for tobacco and its preparation method and application, this humectant is used for Nicotiana tabacum L. or tobacco shred Moisturizing, humectation, improve the resistant to breakage ability of Nicotiana tabacum L. or tobacco shred, belong to the additive of tobacco processing techniques.

Two, background technology

Humectant is in cigarette making process, for maintaining stable tobacco moisture content, and a kind of additive added. The effect of humectant is mainly reflected in two aspects, is first to maintain the toughness of Nicotiana tabacum L., increases the resist processing of Nicotiana tabacum L., and minimizing adds Rough broken, the loss in man-hour, reduces raw material use cost;Next to that stablize the moisture content of Nicotiana tabacum L., maintain during cigarette consumption The sense organ comfort level of smoking property of cigarette, reduces zest.Research is it has been shown that tobacco moisture content depends on intrinsic chemical material and water The interaction of molecule, mainly shows as three aspects, and first is gel adsorption effect, and hydrone is dispersed in macromole in Nicotiana tabacum L. In granuloplastic network structure, form gel and combine water;Second is hydrogen bond action, saccharide in hydrone and Nicotiana tabacum L., protein, The polyhydroxy material such as cellulose, pectin is formed by hydrogen bond and combines water;3rd be microemulsion embedding, hydrone in Nicotiana tabacum L. glucosides, Under the effect of the hydrophilic and oleophilic materials such as sugar ester, form local with higher fatty acids, higher fatty acids fat, higher aliphatic alcohols material Water in oil microemulsion, formed stable form combination water.The main component of tradition humectant generally comprises glycerol, propylene glycol With the polyhydroxy substance such as sorbitol, maintain the moisture content of Nicotiana tabacum L. according to the hydrogen bond action of its polar group Yu hydrone, improve The resist processing of tobacco shred.But, this type of humectant is more weak with the adhesion of hydrone, and the effect stablizing tobacco moisture percentage is paid no attention to Think;Meanwhile, the addition of humectant must limit, and a large amount of uses can have a strong impact on the mouthfeel sucked, it is difficult to improves the sense of Medicated cigarette Official's comfort level.

Preferably humectant should make full use of the interaction mechanism of Nicotiana tabacum L. endogenous chemicals and hydrone, the most fully The lypohydrophilic character utilize hydrogen bond action to combine external water molecule, making full use of the material such as glucosides or sugar ester stablizes internal moisture Son, make full use of the impermeable role on Nicotiana tabacum L. surface such as hydrophobic organic compound matter such as higher fatty acids or high fatty alcohol etc. and reduce Gel combines scattering and disappearing of water, thus reaches moisturizing and damp proof double effects, makes Medicated cigarette remain metastable moisture content.

Domestic tobacco business development in recent years is rapid, and research strength and innovation level are greatly improved.Some Nicotiana tabacum L.s are imitated Raw humectant (FSB), hydrophobicity close humectant, sucrose ester novel tobacco is combined humectant, by being formed on Nicotiana tabacum L. surface The bimolecular film of oil isolated from water realizes moisturizing humectation effect.Disclosed in publication number CN103126063, humectant composition is pure water And glucosamine sulfate, belong to Nicotiana tabacum L. sense organ humectant and not there is the effect of stable tobacco moisture.Publication number CN101803801 Disclosed humectant is the compositions such as pure water, glycerol, many carbon fatty alcohols and many carbon fatty acids.Publication number CN103859575 is open Humectant be by natural propolis extract, or natural propolis extract and glycerol, propylene glycol or sorbitol mixture are constituted.This Class humectant in preparation process because of oil-water coexistence, it is difficult to formed homogeneous system, have during long storage time layering and precipitating formed, It is not easy to production and application.Alkyl polyglucoside is the new generation of green surfactant developed rapidly in recent years, has high surface Active, excellent compatibility, brings new ideas to the preparation of many chemicals.

Therefore, current tobacco business urgent needs one have more preferable humectation moisture-keeping function, stable in properties and low cost, Humectant easy to use.

Three, summary of the invention

The purpose of the present invention is in order to solve defect present in prior art, it is provided that a kind of moist-keeping agent for tobacco, including Pure water, alkyl polyglucoside, many carbon fatty alcohols and many carbon fatty acids.

Wherein, the raw material of tobacco humectant forms in terms of 100 weight portions, and alkyl polyglucoside is 2-12 weight portion, many carbocyclic aliphatics Alcohol is 25-55 weight portion, and many carbon fatty acids are 15-45 weight portion, and remaining is solvent pure water.

It is further preferred that in terms of 100 weight portions, alkyl polyglucoside is 5-10 weight portion, many carbon fatty alcohols are 35-50 weight portion, many Carbon fatty acid is 20-35 weight portion, remaining is solvent pure water.

Most preferably, in terms of 100 weight portions, alkyl polyglucoside is 8 weight portions, and many carbon fatty alcohols are 40 weight portions, many carbocyclic aliphatics It is 22 weight portions that acid accounts for, remaining is solvent pure water.

Wherein, described alkyl polyglucoside is C8-C18 straight chained alkyl glucoside (APG), and substitution value (DP) is between 1.1-1.5; It is further preferred that pungent certain herbaceous plants with big flowers base glucoside or ten tetracosyl glucosides or 16 octadecyl glucosides;Most preferably 12 Alkyl androstanediol.

Wherein, described many carbon fatty alcohols are the fatty alcohol of C7-C13, preferably enanthol, nonyl alcohol or undecylenic alcohol;Described many carbon Fatty acid is the fatty acid of C10-C18, preferably ten tetra-carbonics, Palmitic acid or octadecadienoic acid.

The tobacco humectant of the present invention can use conventional method to be prepared, and preferred preparation method comprises the steps: Alkyl polyglucoside, many carbon fatty alcohols, many carbon fatty acids being placed in hermetic container, at a temperature of 25-50 DEG C, uniform stirring 1-3 is little Time, add pure water afterwards, uniform stirring 1-2 hour at a temperature of 25-30 DEG C.

The tobacco humectant of the present invention is uniformly to be sprayed in Nicotiana tabacum L. in loosening and gaining moisture operation or in charging process.Spray adds Ratio is preferably the 0.01-2.0% of tobacco leaf weight.

The tobacco humectant excellent in stability of the present invention, more can moisturizing and humectation than prior art.

Four, embodiment

Below in conjunction with preferred embodiment, the present invention will be further described, it should be understood that these embodiments are only used for The purpose of illustration, is never limited in protection scope of the present invention.

Embodiment 1

With pure water as solvent, it is 100 weight portions altogether, wherein, pungent certain herbaceous plants with big flowers base glucoside 2 weight portion, enanthol 55 weight portion, ten Six carbonic acid 15 weight portions.Alkyl polyglucoside, many carbon fatty alcohols, many carbon fatty acids are placed in hermetic container, at a temperature of 50 DEG C Uniform stirring 1 hour, adds pure water afterwards, uniform stirring 2 hours at a temperature of 25 DEG C, obtains tobacco humectant 1.

Embodiment 2

With pure water as solvent, it is 100 weight portions altogether, wherein, pungent certain herbaceous plants with big flowers base glucoside 5 weight portion, nonyl alcohol 40 weight portion, ten Tetra-carbonic 45 weight portion.Alkyl polyglucoside, many carbon fatty alcohols, many carbon fatty acids are placed in hermetic container, at a temperature of 25 DEG C Uniform stirring 3 hours, adds pure water afterwards, uniform stirring 1 hour at a temperature of 25 DEG C, obtains tobacco humectant 2.

Embodiment 3

With pure water as solvent, it is 100 weight portions altogether, wherein, pungent certain herbaceous plants with big flowers base glucoside 8 weight portion, undecyl alcohol 40 weight portion, Octadecadienoic acid 20 weight portion.Alkyl polyglucoside, many carbon fatty alcohols, many carbon fatty acids are placed in hermetic container, at 30 DEG C At a temperature of uniform stirring 2 hours, add pure water afterwards, at a temperature of 25 DEG C, uniform stirring 1 hour, obtains tobacco humectant 3。

Embodiment 4

With pure water as solvent, it is 100 weight portions altogether, wherein, ten tetracosyl glucoside 8 weight portions, enanthol 40 weight Amount part, Palmitic acid 22 weight portion.Alkyl polyglucoside, many carbon fatty alcohols, many carbon fatty acids are placed in hermetic container, at 50 DEG C At a temperature of uniform stirring 1 hour, add pure water afterwards, at a temperature of 25 DEG C, uniform stirring 1 hour, obtains tobacco humectant 4。

Embodiment 5

With pure water as solvent, it is 100 weight portions altogether, wherein, ten tetracosyl glucoside 8 weight portions, nonyl alcohol 40 weight Amount part, ten tetra-carbonic 22 weight portions.Alkyl polyglucoside, many carbon fatty alcohols, many carbon fatty acids are placed in hermetic container, at 30 DEG C At a temperature of uniform stirring 2 hours, add pure water afterwards, at a temperature of 25 DEG C, uniform stirring 1 hour, obtains tobacco humectant 5。

Embodiment 6

With pure water as solvent, it is 100 weight portions altogether, wherein, ten tetracosyl glucoside 10 weight portions, undecyl alcohol 35 Weight portion, octadecadienoic acid 15 weight portion.Alkyl polyglucoside, many carbon fatty alcohols, many carbon fatty acids are placed in hermetic container, Uniform stirring 2 hours at a temperature of 30 DEG C, add pure water afterwards, and at a temperature of 25 DEG C, uniform stirring 1 hour, obtains Nicotiana tabacum L. Humectant 6.

Embodiment 7

With pure water as solvent, it is 100 weight portions altogether, wherein, 16 octadecyl glucoside 10 weight portions, enanthol 35 weight Amount part, Palmitic acid 45 weight portion.Alkyl polyglucoside, many carbon fatty alcohols, many carbon fatty acids are placed in hermetic container, at 30 DEG C At a temperature of uniform stirring 2 hours, add pure water afterwards, at a temperature of 25 DEG C, uniform stirring 1 hour, obtains tobacco humectant 7。

Embodiment 8

With pure water as solvent, it is 100 weight portions altogether, wherein, 16 octadecyl glucoside 12 weight portions, nonyl alcohol 25 weight Amount part, ten tetra-carbonic 20 weight portions.Alkyl polyglucoside, many carbon fatty alcohols, many carbon fatty acids are placed in hermetic container, at 25 DEG C At a temperature of uniform stirring 3 hours, add pure water afterwards, at a temperature of 25 DEG C, uniform stirring 1 hour, obtains tobacco humectant 8。

Embodiment 9

With pure water as solvent, it is 100 weight portions altogether, wherein, 16 octadecyl glucoside 12 weight portions, undecyl alcohol 25 Weight portion, octadecadienoic acid 22 weight portion.Alkyl polyglucoside, many carbon fatty alcohols, many carbon fatty acids are placed in hermetic container, Uniform stirring 2 hours at a temperature of 30 DEG C, add pure water afterwards, and at a temperature of 25 DEG C, uniform stirring 2 hours, obtain Nicotiana tabacum L. Humectant 9.

The using method of the tobacco humectant of the present invention is according to a conventional method, utilizes existing atomising device, returns in leaves moisting Tide operation is uniformly sprayed on Nicotiana tabacum L., or in charging process, is uniformly sprayed on tobacco shred.

Comparative example 1

Contrast tradition humectant (such as glycerol), uses the tobacco humectant 1-9 of embodiment 1-9, the resistant to breakage ability of Nicotiana tabacum L. Improve 1-2 times, resistant to breakage ability 2-3 times (the measuring according to YC/T 1782003) of raising of tobacco shred;Nicotiana tabacum L. is steady with the moisture of tobacco shred Qualitative being obviously improved, the amplitude of variation of tobacco moisture is that the 30-40% of tradition humectant is (in 40% time south china of relative humidity C3F Nicotiana tabacum L. and tobacco shred measured value)

Comparative example 2

The tobacco humectant 4 of existing tobacco humectant (preparing according to CN103859575 formula) with embodiment 4 is carried out Relatively, the humectant preparation finding the present invention is simple, place 7 days in without lamination generation, be easy to production and application.

More than experiment shows, the tobacco humectant excellent in stability of the present invention more can moisturizing and humectation than prior art.

The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be merely illustrative for the purpose of the present invention, and non-limiting 's.Those skilled in the art understands, it can be carried out many changes in the spirit and scope that the claims in the present invention are limited, Amendment, even equivalence, but fall within the protection domain of present aspect.

Claims (15)

1. a moist-keeping agent for tobacco, it is characterised in that raw material components includes pure water, alkyl polyglucoside, many carbon fatty alcohols and many Carbon fatty acid.
Tobacco humectant the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that raw material components in terms of 100 weight portions, alkyl polyglucoside For 2-12 weight portion, many carbon fatty alcohols are 25-55 weight portion, and many carbon fatty acids are 15-45 weight portion, and remaining is pure water.
3. the tobacco humectant described in claim 2, it is characterised in that alkyl polyglucoside is 5-10 weight portion, many carbon fatty alcohols are 35-50 weight portion, many carbon fatty acids are 20-35 weight portion.
4. the tobacco humectant described in claim 3, it is characterised in that alkyl polyglucoside is 8 weight portions, many carbon fatty alcohols are 40 weights Amount part, many carbon fatty acids are 22 weight portions.
5. according to described a kind of moist-keeping agent for tobacco arbitrary in claim 1-4, it is characterised in that described alkyl polyglucoside is C8-C18 straight chained alkyl glucoside, substitution value is between 1.1-1.5.
A kind of moist-keeping agent for tobacco the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that described alkyl polyglucoside is Xin Kui base Portugal Glucosides or ten tetracosyl glucosides or 16 octadecyl glucosides.
A kind of moist-keeping agent for tobacco the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that described alkyl polyglucoside is 12 Alkyl androstanediol.
8. according to described a kind of moist-keeping agent for tobacco arbitrary in claim 1-4, it is characterised in that described many carbon fatty alcohols Fatty alcohol for C7-C13.
A kind of moist-keeping agent for tobacco the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that described many carbon fatty alcohols be enanthol, Nonyl alcohol or undecylenic alcohol.
10. according to described a kind of moist-keeping agent for tobacco arbitrary in claim 1-4, it is characterised in that described many carbocyclic aliphatics Acid is the fatty acid of C10-C18.
11. a kind of moist-keeping agent for tobacco according to claim 10, it is characterised in that described many carbon fatty acids are 14 Carbonic acid, Palmitic acid or octadecadienoic acid.
12. according to described a kind of moist-keeping agent for tobacco arbitrary in claim 1-4, it is characterised in that described alkyl polyglucoside For pungent certain herbaceous plants with big flowers base glucoside or ten tetracosyl glucosides or 16 octadecyl glucosides;Described many carbon fatty alcohols be enanthol, Nonyl alcohol or undecylenic alcohol;Described many carbon fatty acids are ten tetra-carbonics, Palmitic acid or octadecadienoic acid.
13., according to the preparation method of described a kind of moist-keeping agent for tobacco arbitrary in claim 1-12, comprise the steps: Alkyl polyglucoside, many carbon fatty alcohols, many carbon fatty acids being placed in hermetic container, at a temperature of 25-50 DEG C, uniform stirring 1-3 is little Time, add pure water afterwards, uniform stirring 1-2 hour at a temperature of 20-30 DEG C.
The using method of tobacco humectant according to any one of 14. claim 1-12, it is characterised in that in loosening and gaining moisture operation Or be uniformly sprayed in Nicotiana tabacum L. in charging process.
The using method of tobacco humectant described in 15. claim 14, it is characterised in that it is tobacco leaf weight that spray adds ratio 0.01-2.0%.
CN201610646897.4A 2016-08-09 2016-08-09 A kind of tobacco humectant and its preparation method and application CN106235395A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108013501A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-05-11 广西中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of Novel tobacco humectant and its methods for making and using same

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CN101785577A (en) * 2008-12-26 2010-07-28 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 Method for reducing irritation of papermaking-method tobacco sheets
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108013501A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-05-11 广西中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of Novel tobacco humectant and its methods for making and using same

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Application publication date: 20161221