CN106223367B - A kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure method and device - Google Patents

A kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure method and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106223367B
CN106223367B CN201610835877.1A CN201610835877A CN106223367B CN 106223367 B CN106223367 B CN 106223367B CN 201610835877 A CN201610835877 A CN 201610835877A CN 106223367 B CN106223367 B CN 106223367B
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China
Prior art keywords
exterior
water
breast boards
proof
pouring
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CN201610835877.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106223367A (en
Inventor
于晓亮
李军
雷少华
刘际平
李红德
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Fourth Construction Co Ltd of China Construction Eighth Engineering Division
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Fourth Construction Co Ltd of China Construction Eighth Engineering Division
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Priority to CN201610835877.1A priority Critical patent/CN106223367B/en
Publication of CN106223367A publication Critical patent/CN106223367A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/16Arrangement or construction of joints in foundation structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D31/00Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution
    • E02D31/02Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution against ground humidity or ground water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/0007Base structures; Cellars
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/66Sealings
    • E04B1/68Sealings of joints, e.g. expansion joints
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/66Sealings
    • E04B1/68Sealings of joints, e.g. expansion joints
    • E04B1/6801Fillings therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/66Sealings
    • E04B1/68Sealings of joints, e.g. expansion joints
    • E04B1/6806Waterstops

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure methods, comprising: main joist is arranged in the inboard, upright of outer wall of basement, main joist is at least arranged two, to provide more stable supporting role;Water-proof bolt is set perpendicular to plate face on the post-cast strip outside upright setting breast boards of exterior wall, breast boards, water-proof bolt is in horizontally disposed;One end of water-proof bolt is fixed on breast boards, the other end is fixed on main joist, the both ends of breast boards are made to be close to the outside of exterior wall, breast boards is compacted by the tensioning function of water-proof bolt, the region of post-cast strip is isolated from the outside, the operation that backfill can first be carried out avoids concrete from being exposed to the external world for a long time.Bigger lateral pressure is able to bear by breast boards using enclosure method provided by the invention relative to traditional masonry way, does not need masonry panel structure, work progress is simple.The present invention also provides a kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement locking devices, and identical technical effect may be implemented.

Description

A kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure method and device
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of building construction, more say to a step it is to be related to a kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement closing side Method and device.
Background technique
It is to prevent monolithic reinforced concrete structure since autogenous shrinkage is uneven or settles not that post-cast strip, which is in construction, Issuable harmful cracks stay the temporary construction set to stitch in sole plate, wall, beam corresponding position.Post-cast strip is temporary by structure If when be divided into stem portion, shunk by component inside, poured again smash the construction joint concrete after a certain period of time, structure is linked to be Whole area.
The pouring after settlement being arranged between garage and main building, design requirement can construct after main building binds, but want simultaneously Backfill as early as possible is sought after main building foundation construction, basic exposure for a long time is avoided, leads to backfill because post-pouring belt of outer wall is not constructed It can not backfill.Traditional form of construction work is to build the construction methods such as retaining wall, but the earth-retaining of outer-wall building in the position of post-cast strip Wall is higher, may cause to tilt because soil pressure is larger and unbearable during backfill, collapse.And it can not be in post-cast strip Middle setting split bolt can only be arranged split bolt on the earth-retaining wall that two sides have poured, pour the height of exterior wall concrete It is excessively high, in fact it could happen that the mass defects such as the mould that rises influence the construction of post-cast strip.
Therefore, for those skilled in the art, it is closed how to design a kind of External Wall pouring after settlement progress Construction method is able to bear bigger lateral pressure, and work progress is simple, is the current technical issues that need to address.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure method and device, and work progress is simple, is able to bear bigger Lateral pressure.Concrete scheme is as follows:
A kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure method, comprising:
Two main joists are at least vertically arranged in the inside of outer wall of basement;
Sealing spiral shell is set perpendicular to plate face on the post-cast strip outside upright setting breast boards of the exterior wall, the breast boards Bolt;
The water-proof bolt other end is fixed on the main joist, the both ends of the breast boards is made to be close to the exterior wall Outside.
Optionally, muti-piece water-proof die plate, every piece of water-proof die plate are set gradually from bottom to top in the outside of the exterior wall It is fixed respectively by the water-proof bolt and the main joist;In the gap for each water-proof die plate for forming the breast boards Do water-proofing treatment in place.
Optionally, arc-shaped is smeared between the gap of two pieces of water-proof die plates and with cement mortar at external corner, and outside Paste SBS waterproof reinforced layer in side.
It optionally, further include that multiple rows of secondary joist is horizontally disposed on the inner sidewall of the exterior wall, by the main joist and institute It states secondary joist vertically to fix, the secondary joist and the breast boards are pressed on the two sides of the exterior wall by the water-proof bolt.
The present invention also provides a kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement locking devices, comprising:
At least two main joists being vertically arranged on the inside of outer wall of basement;
The breast boards being vertically arranged on the outside of the post-cast strip of the exterior wall;
The water-proof bolt being vertically fixed on the breast boards, the both ends of the water-proof bolt are separately connected the main joist With the breast boards.
Optionally, the breast boards includes muti-piece water-proof die plate, and two sealings are at least arranged on every piece of water-proof die plate Waterproof layer is arranged between water-proof die plate described in muti-piece in bolt.
Optionally, the waterproof layer includes cement mortar and SBS waterproof reinforced layer.
Optionally, the every main joist includes two steel pipes arranged side by side, and one end of the water-proof bolt is located at two Between root steel pipe, and fixed by dovetail card and the steel pipe.
It optionally, further include more horizontally disposed secondary joists, the secondary joist is fixedly connected with the main joist;It is described The secondary joist and the breast boards can be pressed on the two sides of the exterior wall by water-proof bolt.
Optionally, protection cap is arranged in the top of the breast boards, and cleanout is reserved in the bottom of the breast boards.
The present invention provides a kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure methods, comprising: sets in the inboard, upright of outer wall of basement Main joist is set, main joist is at least arranged two, to provide more stable supporting role;It is set in the post-cast strip outside upright of exterior wall It sets breast boards, water-proof bolt is set perpendicular to plate face on breast boards, water-proof bolt is in horizontally disposed;One end of water-proof bolt is fixed On breast boards, the other end is fixed on main joist, the both ends of breast boards is made to be close to the outside of exterior wall, breast boards passes through sealing The tensioning function of bolt is compacted, and the region of post-cast strip is isolated from the outside, and can first be carried out the operation of backfill, be avoided coagulation It is native to be exposed to the external world for a long time.Breast boards energy is passed through using enclosure method provided by the invention relative to traditional masonry way It is enough to bear bigger lateral pressure, masonry panel structure is not needed, work progress is simple.
The present invention also provides a kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement locking devices, and identical technical effect may be implemented.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with It obtains other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 provides a kind of flow chart of exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure method for the present invention;
Fig. 2 is cross-sectional view of the exterior wall pouring after settlement locking device of the present invention in setting;
Fig. 3 is side view of the exterior wall pouring after settlement locking device of the present invention in setting;
Fig. 4 is the top view of water-proof die plate;
Fig. 5 is the side view of water-proof die plate.
Wherein:
Exterior wall 1, post-cast strip 11, main joist 2, breast boards 3, water-proof bolt 4, secondary joist 5.
Specific embodiment
Core of the invention is to provide a kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure method and device, and work progress is simple, energy It is enough to bear bigger lateral pressure.
In order to make those skilled in the art more fully understand technical solution of the present invention, below in conjunction with attached drawing and specifically Embodiment, explanation is described in detail to the exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure method of the application and device.
As shown in Figure 1, providing a kind of flow chart of exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure method for the present invention.This method is at least wrapped It includes following steps: S1, being at least vertically arranged two main joists 2 in the inside of outer wall of basement 1;S2, in the post-cast strip of exterior wall 1 11 Breast boards 3 is arranged in outside upright, and water-proof bolt 4 is arranged perpendicular to plate face on breast boards 3;S3,4 other end of water-proof bolt is fixed On main joist 2, the both ends of breast boards 3 is made to be close to the outside of exterior wall 1.The both ends of breast boards 3 are attached to the outside of exterior wall 1, intermediate It is partially by the region overlay of post-cast strip 11, post-cast strip is mutually isolated with the external world, to realize closed effect.Water-proof bolt 4 One end be fixed on breast boards 3, the other end is removably fixedly connected with main joist 2, and multiple sealing spiral shells are arranged on breast boards 3 Bolt 4 is successively arranged above and below as two rows, breast boards 3 is pressed in the outside of exterior wall 1, You Zhulong by the tensioning function of water-proof bolt 4 Bone 2 provides breast boards 3 lateral active force.
Enclosure method through the invention is first covered at post-cast strip with breast boards 3, can be in the outside of exterior wall 1 Backfill construction is carried out, avoids concrete from being exposed to the external world for a long time and is contacted with air.It does not need to build retaining wall, work progress Simple and quick, relative to the retaining wall that brick is built, breast boards can bear bigger transverse pressure.Subsequent to post-cast strip 11 When middle casting concrete, breast boards 3 can serve as the template in outside, it is only necessary to one layer of template is installed additional again in the inside of exterior wall 1, The breast boards 3 in outside is supported by backfill, simplifies work progress.
On this basis, muti-piece water-proof die plate, every piece of water-proof die plate difference are set gradually from bottom to top in the outside of exterior wall 1 Fixed by water-proof bolt 4 and main joist 2, post-cast strip is one section of gap of not casting concrete, breast boards 3 by muti-piece area compared with Small water-proof die plate is spliced to form, and does water-proofing treatment at the gap of each water-proof die plate for forming breast boards 3, similarly, Water-proofing treatment is also carried out at the gap of water-proof die plate and exterior wall 1.
Specifically, arc-shaped is smeared between the gap of two pieces of water-proof die plates and with cement mortar at external corner, and glued on the outside Paste SBS waterproof reinforced layer.Waterproof sealing is realized by cement mortar and SBS waterproof reinforced layer materials at two layers.It is done after the completion of construction Water pouring test builds 120mm thickness gangue waterproof protective layer after pass the test.
It further, further include that multiple rows of secondary joist 5 is horizontally disposed on the inner sidewall of exterior wall 1, by main joist 2 and secondary joist 5 is vertical fixed, and secondary joist 5 is used to support main joist 2, provides main joist lateral active force.Distinguish at the both ends of water-proof bolt 4 Main joist 2 and breast boards 3 are connected, water-proof bolt 4 applies the two sides that secondary joist 5 and breast boards 3 are pressed on exterior wall 1 by tightening force. Specifically, secondary joist 5 can be selected 50*100mm flitch and be made, and flitch is in horizontal distribution, be spaced about 200mm;Main joist 2 is optional With steel pipe, it is detachably connected by steel pipe and water-proof bolt 4.
The present invention also provides a kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement locking devices, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, respectively of the invention Cross-sectional view and side view of the exterior wall pouring after settlement locking device in setting.It include: main joist 2, breast boards 3 and sealing spiral shell The structures such as bolt 4.Main joist 2 is at least arranged two, vertically in the inside for being fixed on outer wall of basement 1.In the outside upright of exterior wall 1 Breast boards 3 is set, and 3 both ends of breast boards are contacted with exterior wall 1, and centre covers post-cast strip 11, namely positioned at the outside of post-cast strip 11. One end of water-proof bolt 4 is fixed on breast boards 3, vertical with the plate face of breast boards 3, and the other end of water-proof bolt 4 is fixed on master On keel 2, water-proof bolt 4 is by adjusting the spacing between breast boards 3 and main joist 2, to adjust breast boards 3 and the pressure of exterior wall 1 The size of clamp force.
The device adds one layer of breast boards 3 in the outside of exterior wall 1, and breast boards 3 is provided lateral pressure support by main joist 2 Breast boards 3 is pressed abd fixed on exterior wall 1 by power, realizes that positioning is fixed.Due to being equipped with breast boards 3, so as in exterior wall 1 Outside backfill prevents concrete foundation from contacting for a long time with air.It does not need to build brick wall, setting up procedure is efficient and convenient, knot Structure is simple.Generally, breast boards 3 may be configured as concrete slab, and internal preset reinforcing bar is able to bear bigger horizontal force.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the top view and side view of water-proof die plate are respectively indicated.Breast boards 3 includes muti-piece waterproof mould Plate is at least arranged two water-proof bolts 4 on every piece of water-proof die plate, is fixedly connected each independently with main joist 2, edge phase Mutually contact, is spliced to form breast boards 3.In addition waterproof layer is set between muti-piece water-proof die plate, avoids seeping water into basement.
Specifically, waterproof layer includes cement mortar and SBS waterproof reinforced layer.It is selected in the outer side seam and external corner of water-proof die plate Arc-shaped is smeared into cement mortar by place, and outside pastes SBS waterproof reinforced layer, then full-scale construction exterior wall SBS waterproof layer again, constructed At rear carry out water pouring test, the gangue waterproof protective layer of 120mm thickness is built after pass the test on the outside.
Specifically, every main joist 2 includes two steel pipes arranged side by side, and 4 one end of water-proof bolt is fixed on breast boards 3 Interior, the other end is located between two steel pipes, and is fixed by dovetail card with steel pipe, and dovetail card is connected to two steel by nut Between pipe, the tightness of adjusting nut can change the pressure size that breast boards 3 is contacted with exterior wall 1, and two steel pipes are arranged and exist Support force is more stable when tension.
In addition, further including more horizontally disposed secondary joists 5, secondary joist 5 is fixedly connected with main joist 2, it is preferable that secondary dragon Bone 5 is the flitch of 50*100mm, axial horizontally disposed, and the spacing of two flitches is 200mm.Width with post-cast strip is 800mm For, the length of flitch is 1200mm, and both ends respectively reserve 200mm and contact with exterior wall 1.Similarly, the width of breast boards 3 can also be set It is set to 1200mm.Secondary joist 5 and breast boards 3 can be pressed on the two sides of exterior wall 1 by water-proof bolt 4.
Further, top falls the impurity such as concrete block in order to prevent, and the top of breast boards 3 is arranged protection cap, passes through Steel nail is fixed.The bottom of cleanout namely breast boards 3 is reserved not with ground face contact in the bottom of breast boards 3, reserves 30cm's Space, to be cleaned to the sundries in the space of post-cast strip.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments enables those skilled in the art to implement or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, as defined herein General Principle can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.Therefore, this hair It is bright to be not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and be to fit to and the principles and novel features disclosed herein phase Consistent widest scope.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure method characterized by comprising
Two main joists (2) are at least vertically arranged in the inside of outer wall of basement (1);
Breast boards (3) are arranged in post-cast strip (11) outside upright in the exterior wall (1), perpendicular to plate face on the breast boards (3) It is arranged water-proof bolt (4);
The water-proof bolt (4) other end is fixed on the main joist (2), the both ends of the breast boards (3) is made to be close to institute State the outside of exterior wall (1);
Further include that multiple rows of secondary joist (5) are horizontally disposed on the inner sidewall of the exterior wall (1), by the main joist (2) with it is described Secondary joist (5) is vertically fixed, and the secondary joist (5) and the breast boards (3) are pressed on the exterior wall by the water-proof bolt (4) (1) two sides.
2. exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the outer of the exterior wall (1) Side sets gradually muti-piece water-proof die plate from bottom to top, every piece of water-proof die plate pass through respectively the water-proof bolt (4) with it is described Main joist (2) is fixed;Water-proofing treatment is done at the gap of each water-proof die plate for forming the breast boards (3).
3. exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that in two pieces of water-proof die plates Gap between and external corner at cement mortar smear into arc-shaped, and paste SBS waterproof reinforced layer on the outside.
4. a kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement locking device characterized by comprising
At least two main joists (2) being vertically arranged on the inside of outer wall of basement (1);
The breast boards (3) being vertically arranged on the outside of the post-cast strip (11) of the exterior wall (1);
The water-proof bolt (4) being vertically fixed on the breast boards (3), the both ends of the water-proof bolt (4) are separately connected described Main joist (2) and the breast boards (3);
It further include more horizontally disposed secondary joists (5), the secondary joist (5) is fixedly connected with the main joist (2);It is described to stop The secondary joist (5) and the breast boards (3) can be pressed on the two sides of the exterior wall (1) by timber bolt (4).
5. exterior wall pouring after settlement locking device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the breast boards (3) includes Muti-piece water-proof die plate is at least arranged two water-proof bolts (4) on every piece of water-proof die plate, sets between water-proof die plate described in muti-piece Set waterproof layer.
6. exterior wall pouring after settlement locking device according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the waterproof layer includes cement Mortar and SBS waterproof reinforced layer.
7. exterior wall pouring after settlement locking device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the every main joist (2) Including two steel pipes arranged side by side, one end of the water-proof bolt (4) is located between two steel pipes, and passes through dovetail card and institute Steel pipe is stated to fix.
8. exterior wall pouring after settlement locking device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the top of the breast boards (3) Protection cap is arranged in portion, and cleanout is reserved in the bottom of the breast boards (3).
CN201610835877.1A 2016-09-20 2016-09-20 A kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure method and device Active CN106223367B (en)

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CN201610835877.1A CN106223367B (en) 2016-09-20 2016-09-20 A kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement enclosure method and device

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CN106223367B true CN106223367B (en) 2019-06-28

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111910688A (en) * 2020-08-28 2020-11-10 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Arc-shaped foundation beam post-cast strip partition tool and implementation method

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JPH1143963A (en) * 1997-07-28 1999-02-16 Chichibu Onoda Cement Corp Construction method for underground double wall, and underground double wall structure
CN202099816U (en) * 2011-05-11 2012-01-04 江苏南通三建集团有限公司 Prefabricated waterproof and soil-blocking plate for later poured band of outer wall of basement
CN104088304A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-10-08 成都市第三建筑工程公司 Concrete member and underground outdoor wall post-cast strip construction method
CN104631512A (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-05-20 山东万鑫建设有限公司 Post-cast strip beam and slab construction method adopting formwork hanging method
CN205296388U (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-06-08 中建八局第二建设有限公司 Apron is sealed to garage wall post -cast strip
CN206052793U (en) * 2016-09-20 2017-03-29 中建八局第四建设有限公司 A kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement locking device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202000380U (en) * 2011-01-27 2011-10-05 中建三局建设工程股份有限公司 Basement outer wall post-pouring belt backfill protective plate

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1143963A (en) * 1997-07-28 1999-02-16 Chichibu Onoda Cement Corp Construction method for underground double wall, and underground double wall structure
CN202099816U (en) * 2011-05-11 2012-01-04 江苏南通三建集团有限公司 Prefabricated waterproof and soil-blocking plate for later poured band of outer wall of basement
CN104088304A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-10-08 成都市第三建筑工程公司 Concrete member and underground outdoor wall post-cast strip construction method
CN104631512A (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-05-20 山东万鑫建设有限公司 Post-cast strip beam and slab construction method adopting formwork hanging method
CN205296388U (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-06-08 中建八局第二建设有限公司 Apron is sealed to garage wall post -cast strip
CN206052793U (en) * 2016-09-20 2017-03-29 中建八局第四建设有限公司 A kind of exterior wall pouring after settlement locking device

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