CN106216041A - A kind of feeding device and charging method - Google Patents

A kind of feeding device and charging method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106216041A
CN106216041A CN201610829641.7A CN201610829641A CN106216041A CN 106216041 A CN106216041 A CN 106216041A CN 201610829641 A CN201610829641 A CN 201610829641A CN 106216041 A CN106216041 A CN 106216041A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
raw
feeding
unit
negative pressure
pressure cabin
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610829641.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李金康
朱超英
朱仁学
何保军
Original Assignee
朱超英
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 朱超英 filed Critical 朱超英
Priority to CN201610829641.7A priority Critical patent/CN106216041A/en
Publication of CN106216041A publication Critical patent/CN106216041A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/067Tub-grinders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2216Discharge means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2225Feed means
    • B02C18/2241Feed means of conveyor belt type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/20Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy after crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C25/00Control arrangements specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B69/00Unpacking of articles or materials, not otherwise provided for
    • B65B69/0025Removing or cutting binding material, e.g. straps or bands
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G53/00Conveying materials in bulk through troughs, pipes or tubes by floating the materials or by flow of gas, liquid or foam
    • B65G53/04Conveying materials in bulk pneumatically through pipes or tubes; Air slides
    • B65G53/06Gas pressure systems operating without fluidisation of the materials

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of feeding device and charging method, this feeding device, including: disintegrating machine, material conveying pipe and spiral direct current device;Described disintegrating machine includes: fragmentation cell and blasting unit;Described physical transport pipeline is connected with described disintegrating machine and described spiral direct current device respectively;Described spiral direct current device with treat that feeding unit material is connected;Raw material corresponding for material is carried out break process by described fragmentation cell, generates described material;Described material is transported in described material conveying pipe by described blasting unit, enters described spiral direct current device via described material conveying pipe;Described spiral direct current device carries out purified treatment to described material, the material after purified treatment is transported to described in treat in feeding unit material.The invention provides a kind of feeding device and charging method, it is possible to increase the work efficiency of feeding.

Description

A kind of feeding device and charging method
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of mechanical technique, particularly to a kind of feeding device and charging method.
Background technology
Along with manufacturing fast development, how to be treated that the nacelle feeding of feeding increasingly comes into one's own.In prior art, Carry out feeding generally by artificial mode, utilize the instruments such as scoop to be added in the nacelle treating feeding by material.For example, When producing fertilizer, need to add the material being used for generating fertilizer in the nacelle of the equipment such as blender, in prior art, work Make personnel to be entered in the nacelle treating feeding by material scraper by scoop.
Visible by foregoing description, the mode work efficiency of this feeding is relatively low.
Summary of the invention
Embodiments provide a kind of feeding device and charging method, it is possible to increase the work efficiency of feeding.
First aspect, embodiments provides a kind of feeding device, including:
Disintegrating machine, material conveying pipe and spiral direct current device;
Described disintegrating machine includes: fragmentation cell and blasting unit;
Described physical transport pipeline is connected with described disintegrating machine and described spiral direct current device respectively;
Described spiral direct current device with treat that feeding unit material is connected;
Raw material corresponding for material is carried out break process by described fragmentation cell, generates described material;
Described material is transported in described material conveying pipe by described blasting unit, enters via described material conveying pipe Enter described spiral direct current device;
Described spiral direct current device carries out purified treatment to described material, the material after purified treatment is transported to described in treat In material unit.
Further, also include: bale buster and belt transport unit;
Described belt transport unit is connected with described bale buster and described fragmentation cell respectively;
Described bale buster carries out solving bundle and processes described raw material, is transported to described belt by solving the raw material after bundle processes On transmission unit;
Raw material after described solution bundle is processed by described belt transport unit is transported in described fragmentation cell.
Further, described bale buster includes: the first motor, helical axis and housing;
Described helical axis is the bipyramid bodily form small in ends, that middle part is big;
Described helical axis is positioned at the inside of described housing;
Described first motor is connected with described helical axis, drives described helical axis to rotate;
The outlet of described housing is connected with described belt transport unit;
Described helical axis rotates and is extruded between described helical axis and described housing by described raw material, it is achieved to described former The solution bundle of material processes, and solves the raw material after bundle processes and exports described belt transport unit from the outlet of described housing.
Further, described spiral direct current device, including:
Cyclonic separation chamber, the internal diameter in described cyclonic separation chamber is in the inverted cone shape from top to bottom tapered into;
The top in described cyclonic separation chamber is provided with spiral helicine feeding mouth and air vent, the bottom in described cyclonic separation chamber It is provided with discharging opening;
The feeding mouth in described cyclonic separation chamber is connected with described physical transport pipeline;
With described, the discharging opening in described cyclonic separation chamber treats that feeding unit material is connected;
Described material is entered described cyclonic separation intracavity portion by the feeding mouth in described cyclonic separation chamber, at described whirlwind Carrying out purified treatment inside disengagement chamber, the material after purified treatment treats feeding described in the discharging opening in described cyclonic separation chamber enters In unit, the pollutant that purified treatment produces have described air vent to discharge.
Further, described fragmentation cell, including:
Machine barrel, cutter rod, the second motor and material storing box;
Feeding mouth and discharging opening it is provided with on described machine barrel;
The discharging opening of described machine barrel is connected with described material storing box;
Described material storing box is connected with described material conveying pipe;
Described cutter rod is positioned at inside described machine barrel, and described cutter rod is provided with multiple blade;
Described second motor drives described cutter rod to rotate;
Described raw material is entered in described machine barrel by the feeding mouth of described machine barrel, described cutter rod driving at described second motor Dynamic lower rotation, carries out break process, generates described material described raw material, and described material is entered by the discharging opening of described machine barrel Enter in described material storing box.
Further, described fragmentation cell also includes: drainage screen;
Described drainage screen is arranged between the discharging opening of described machine barrel and described material storing box;
The material that described filter screen filtration is exported by the discharging opening of described machine barrel, the material after described filter screen filtration Drain in described material storing box.
Further, described fragmentation cell also includes: recovery channel, induced-draught fan and negative pressure cabin;
Import, outlet, suction opeing and baffle plate it is provided with on described negative pressure cabin;
Described baffle plate makes to be formed between the import of described negative pressure cabin and the outlet of described negative pressure cabin a passage, described gear The suction opeing of the import of described negative pressure cabin with described negative pressure cabin is separated by plate;
The import of described negative pressure cabin is connected with described recovery channel, the outlet of described negative pressure cabin and the feeding mouth of described machine barrel Being connected, the suction opeing of described negative pressure cabin is connected with described induced-draught fan;
Described recovery channel is connected with described fragmentation cell;
Described induced-draught fan extracts the air in described negative pressure cabin by described suction opeing, reduces the gas in described negative pressure cabin Pressure, so that during on described drainage screen, remaining material is inhaled into described recovery channel, via described recovery channel from described negative The import in pressure storehouse enters inside described negative pressure cabin, by the outlet output of described negative pressure cabin to the feeding mouth of described machine barrel.
Further, also include: control unit;
Described blasting unit includes blower fan;
Described control unit is connected with described blower fan;
Described control unit, for controlling the rotating speed of described blower fan, to control to the described speed treating feeding unit material feeding.
Second aspect, embodiments provides a kind of feeding based on described feeding device arbitrary in first aspect Method, including:
Raw material corresponding for material is carried out break process by the described fragmentation cell utilizing described disintegrating machine, generates described thing Material;
Described blasting unit is utilized to be transported in described material conveying pipe by described material, via described Material pipeline Road enters described spiral direct current device;
Utilize described spiral direct current device that described material is carried out purified treatment, the material after purified treatment is transported to described Treat in feeding unit material.
Further, when described feeding device also includes: when described bale buster and described belt transport unit,
At the described described fragmentation cell utilizing described disintegrating machine, raw material corresponding for material is carried out break process, generate Before described material, also include:
Utilize described bale buster that described raw material carries out solve bundle to process, be transported to described by solving the raw material after bundle processes On belt transport unit;
Raw material after utilizing described belt transport unit described solution bundle to be processed is transported in described fragmentation cell.
In embodiments of the present invention, generate material by fragmentation cell, utilize blasting unit to be carried by material by material Pipeline is transported in spiral direct current device, spiral direct current device carry out purified treatment, is transported to treat in feeding unit material, it is achieved treated Material unit feeding, the device provided by the embodiment of the present invention, can be automatically obtained to treating feeding unit material feeding, it is not necessary to manually come Feeding, improves the work efficiency of feeding.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing In having technology to describe, the required accompanying drawing used is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawing in describing below is the present invention Some embodiments, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, it is also possible to according to These accompanying drawings obtain other accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of a kind of feeding device that one embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the another kind of feeding device that one embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of a kind of negative pressure cabin that one embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of another feeding device that one embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of another feeding device that one embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 6 is a kind of blower fan schematic diagram with the position relationship of material conveying pipe of one embodiment of the invention offer;
Fig. 7 is the flow chart of a kind of charging method that one embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 8 is the flow chart of the another kind of charging method that one embodiment of the invention provides.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the purpose of the embodiment of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is The a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than whole embodiments, based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained on the premise of not making creative work, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.
As it is shown in figure 1, embodiments provide a kind of feeding device, this device includes:
Disintegrating machine 101, material conveying pipe 102 and spiral direct current device 103;
Described disintegrating machine 101 includes: fragmentation cell 1011 and blasting unit 1012;
Described physical transport pipeline 102 is connected with described disintegrating machine 101 and described spiral direct current device 103 respectively;
Described spiral direct current device 103 with treat that feeding unit material is connected;
Raw material corresponding for material is carried out break process by described fragmentation cell 1011, generates described material;
Described material is transported in described material conveying pipe 102 by described blasting unit 1012, defeated via described material Pipeline 102 is sent to enter described spiral direct current device 103;
Described spiral direct current device 103 carries out purified treatment to described material, is transported to by the material after purified treatment described Treat in feeding unit material.
In embodiments of the present invention, generate material by fragmentation cell, utilize blasting unit to be carried by material by material Pipeline is transported in spiral direct current device, spiral direct current device carry out purified treatment, is transported to treat in feeding unit material, it is achieved treated Material unit feeding, the device provided by the embodiment of the present invention, can be automatically obtained to treating feeding unit material feeding, it is not necessary to manually come Feeding, improves the work efficiency of feeding.
In order to preferably crush raw material, as in figure 2 it is shown, in an embodiment of the present invention, this device also includes: Bale buster 201 and belt transport unit 202;
Described belt transport unit 202 is connected with described bale buster 201 and described fragmentation cell 1011 respectively;
Described bale buster 201 carries out solving bundle and processes described raw material, is transported to described by solving the raw material after bundle processes On belt transport unit 202;
Raw material after described solution bundle is processed by described belt transport unit 202 is transported in described fragmentation cell 1011.
In embodiments of the present invention, owing to raw material is probably bundled, if bundled raw material is directly introduced to In disintegrating machine, raw material is carried out during break process relatively difficult by disintegrating machine, may obtain the material that more volume is bigger, nothing Method meets requirement.After carrying out solving bundle to bundled raw material by bale buster, it is possible to raw material is carried out by convenient disintegrating machine Broken, conveniently obtain the material of small volume, more conform to requirement.For example, raw material is straw, in order to preferably Bundled straw is crushed, can utilize bale buster that bundled straw is carried out before being carried out by disintegrating machine crushing Solution bundle processes, when carrying out broken by disintegrating machine, it is possible to obtain more broken material.
In order to raw material preferably carries out solve bundle, in an embodiment of the present invention, described bale buster includes: the first electricity Machine, helical axis and housing;
Described helical axis is the bipyramid bodily form small in ends, that middle part is big;
Described helical axis is positioned at the inside of described housing;
Described first motor is connected with described helical axis, drives described helical axis to rotate;
The outlet of described housing is connected with described belt transport unit;
Described helical axis rotates and is extruded between described helical axis and described housing by described raw material, it is achieved to described former The solution bundle of material processes, and solves the raw material after bundle processes and exports described belt transport unit from the outlet of described housing.
In embodiments of the present invention, helical axis is the bipyramid bodily form small in ends, that middle part is big, in raw material enters into housing Time, owing to helical axis upper end is little, beneficially raw material moves downward, when arriving the middle part of helical axis, due in helical axis Portion is relatively big, is conducive to extruding raw material so that raw material solution is tied, and raw material continues to move downward, arrives helical axis Lower end, owing to the lower end of helical axis is little, the space of lower end is relatively big, and beneficially raw material is loose, reaches preferably to solve the effect of bundle, Finally the raw material from the outlet output of housing is loosely.Belt transport unit can be belt conveyor, driven by motor Belt rotates, and drives the raw material motion on belt.Bale buster can include at least two helical axis, to former between helical axis Material extrudes, it is achieved process raw-material solution bundle.
The material that disintegrating machine generates may there be the pollutant such as dust, in order to preferably purify material, at this In a bright embodiment, described spiral direct current device, including:
Cyclonic separation chamber, the internal diameter in described cyclonic separation chamber is in the inverted cone shape from top to bottom tapered into;
The top in described cyclonic separation chamber is provided with spiral helicine feeding mouth and air vent, the bottom in described cyclonic separation chamber It is provided with discharging opening;
The feeding mouth in described cyclonic separation chamber is connected with described physical transport pipeline;
With described, the discharging opening in described cyclonic separation chamber treats that feeding unit material is connected;
Described material is entered described cyclonic separation intracavity portion by the feeding mouth in described cyclonic separation chamber, at described whirlwind Carrying out purified treatment inside disengagement chamber, the material after purified treatment treats feeding described in the discharging opening in described cyclonic separation chamber enters In unit, the pollutant that purified treatment produces have described air vent to discharge.
In embodiments of the present invention, material is entered into cyclonic separation intracavity by spiral helicine feeding mouth, is brought into by material The air-flow in cyclonic separation chamber produces strong rotation, and air-flow is downward twist along cyclonic separation chamber, and the material that density is bigger exists It is thrown toward the inwall in cyclonic separation chamber under centrifugal action, and under gravity, the inwall along cyclonic separation chamber falls to flowing out The discharging opening in cyclonic separation chamber, the air-flow of rotation to center flow, is upwardly formed secondary vortex flow through air vent at cylinder contract Get rid of, the air-flow that air vent is discharged includes the pollutant such as the less dust of density.In order to make air-flow the most twist Flowing, can arrange guide vane at cyclonic separation intracavity, air-flow plays the effect of water conservancy diversion.
In order to obtain more preferable crushing effect, in an embodiment of the present invention, described fragmentation cell, including:
Machine barrel, cutter rod, the second motor and material storing box;
Feeding mouth and discharging opening it is provided with on described machine barrel;
The discharging opening of described machine barrel is connected with described material storing box;
Described material storing box is connected with described material conveying pipe;
Described cutter rod is positioned at inside described machine barrel, and described cutter rod is provided with multiple blade;
Described second motor drives described cutter rod to rotate;
Described raw material is entered in described machine barrel by the feeding mouth of described machine barrel, described cutter rod driving at described second motor Dynamic lower rotation, carries out break process, generates described material described raw material, and described material is entered by the discharging opening of described machine barrel Enter in described material storing box.
In embodiments of the present invention, drive cutter rod to rotate by the second motor, utilize on cutter rod multiple blades to raw material Crush, generate material.Crushing effect more preferable to raw material can be realized by blades multiple on cutter rod.Here cutter rod Can be cylindrical, the surface configuration at cutter rod has multiple blade.
In order to obtain the material meeting requirement, in an embodiment of the present invention, described fragmentation cell also includes: drainage screen;
Described drainage screen is arranged between the discharging opening of described machine barrel and described material storing box;
The material that described filter screen filtration is exported by the discharging opening of described machine barrel, the material after described filter screen filtration Drain in described material storing box.
In the present embodiment, the material exported the discharging opening of machine barrel by drainage screen is filtered, and obtains size and meets The material required, filters the material being unsatisfactory for requiring.In order to obtain more preferable filter effect, in embodiments of the present invention, mistake Filter screen can be connected with vibrator, and vibrator drives drainage screen vibration so that more satisfactory material drains to material storing box In.
In order to avoid the wasting of resources, in an embodiment of the present invention, described fragmentation cell also includes: recovery channel, air draught Machine and negative pressure cabin;
Import, outlet, suction opeing and baffle plate it is provided with on described negative pressure cabin;
Described baffle plate makes to be formed between the import of described negative pressure cabin and the outlet of described negative pressure cabin a passage, described gear The suction opeing of the import of described negative pressure cabin with described negative pressure cabin is separated by plate;
The import of described negative pressure cabin is connected with described recovery channel, the outlet of described negative pressure cabin and the feeding mouth of described machine barrel Being connected, the suction opeing of described negative pressure cabin is connected with described induced-draught fan;
Described recovery channel is connected with described fragmentation cell;
Described induced-draught fan extracts the air in described negative pressure cabin, reduces the air pressure in described negative pressure cabin, so that described filtration Online remaining material is inhaled in described recovery channel, enters institute via described recovery channel from the import of described negative pressure cabin State inside negative pressure cabin, by the outlet output of described negative pressure cabin to the feeding mouth of described machine barrel.
In embodiments of the present invention, reclaim drainage screen does not crush sufficient material, again to these materials Carry out break process, obtain more material, it is to avoid the wasting of resources.In embodiments of the present invention, induced-draught fan extraction negative pressure cabin In air so that air pressure in negative pressure cabin forms negative pressure, and then makes remaining material on drainage screen be inhaled into recovery tube In road.Wherein, the profile of negative pressure cabin is as it is shown on figure 3, negative pressure cabin includes: import 301, outlet 302, suction opeing 303 and baffle plate 304.In negative pressure cabin, baffle plate makes to be formed between the import of negative pressure cabin and the outlet of negative pressure cabin a passage, and the material being inhaled into has After import enters, outlet can be flowed to from this passage, it addition, import is separated by this baffle plate with suction opeing so that induced-draught fan exists When extracting the air in negative pressure cabin, the flow direction of material suction opeing being inhaled into will not be made.It addition, in order to control back more neatly Receiving the process of material, can arrange controller, controller is connected with induced-draught fan, for controlling the rotating speed of induced-draught fan, when controlling to inhale When blower fan stops operating, stop reclaiming remaining material on drainage screen.
In an embodiment of the present invention, this device also includes: control unit;
Described blasting unit includes blower fan;
Described control unit is connected with described blower fan;
Described control unit, for controlling the rotating speed of described blower fan, to control to the described speed treating feeding unit material feeding.
In embodiments of the present invention, blasting unit is blower fan, and this blower fan is used for drying, and the air outlet of this blower fan can face toward The entrance of material conveying pipe, blows to material in material conveying pipe.Utilize control unit can control the speed of feeding flexibly Degree, needs to coordinate to produce.
Based on the feeding device shown in Fig. 2, this device also includes: control unit 401, and blasting unit is blower fan 402, such as figure Shown in 4.
As it is shown in figure 5, embodiments provide a kind of feeding device, including:
Fragmentation cell 501, blower fan 502, material conveying pipe 503, spiral direct current device 504, bale buster 505, belt transport Unit 506 and control unit 507;
Belt transport unit 506 is connected with bale buster 505;
Physical transport pipeline 503 is connected with spiral direct current device 504;
Spiral direct current device 504 with treat that feeding unit material is connected;
Control unit 507 is connected with blower fan, for controlling the rotating speed of blower fan 502, to control to treating feeding unit material feeding Speed;
Wherein, fragmentation cell 501, including: machine barrel 5011, cutter rod the 5012, second motor 5013, material storing box 5014 and filtration Net 5015;
Feeding mouth and discharging opening it is provided with on machine barrel 5011;
The feeding mouth of machine barrel 5011 is connected with belt transport unit 506;
Drainage screen 5015 is arranged between the discharging opening of machine barrel 5011 and material storing box 5014;
Material storing box 5014 is connected with material conveying pipe 503 and blower fan 502 respectively, and the air outlet of blower fan 502 is defeated with material The entrance sending pipeline 503 is relative;
It is internal that cutter rod 5012 is positioned at machine barrel 5011, and cutter rod 5012 is provided with multiple blade;
Second motor 5013 drives cutter rod 5012 to rotate.
The work process embodiments providing a kind of feeding device is as follows:
Bale buster carries out solving bundle and processes raw material, is transported to solving the raw material after bundle processes on belt transport unit, Belt transport unit is by the feeding mouth solving the machine barrel that the raw material after bundle processes is transported to fragmentation cell, and raw material is by machine barrel Feeding mouth enters in machine barrel, and cutter rod is rotated by the second motor, and raw material carries out break process, generates material, thing Material exports on drainage screen by the discharging opening of machine barrel, the material that filter screen filtration is exported by the discharging opening of machine barrel, through filtering Material after net filtration drains in material storing box, and in material storing box, material enters in material conveying pipe under the blowing of blower fan, warp Being entered spiral direct current device by material conveying pipe, spiral direct current device carries out purified treatment, after purified treatment to the material entered Material be transported to treat in feeding unit material.It addition, control unit controls the rotating speed of blower fan, to control to treating feeding unit material feeding Speed.
In embodiments of the present invention, raw material can be straw, treats that feeding unit material can be stirring fermentation machine.
Blower fan may refer to Fig. 6 with the position relationship of material conveying pipe, in Fig. 6, and the air outlet 6011 of blower fan 601 and thing The entrance in material conveying tube road 602 is relative, after the material of the material storing box 603 of fragmentation cell enters into material conveying pipe 602, at wind Under the driving of the wind of air outlet 6011 blowout of machine 601, flow along material conveying pipe 602, at the position relationship shown in Fig. 6 In, the driving force of blower fan 601 output can preferably be utilized.
As it is shown in fig. 7, embodiments provide a kind of charging method based on any of the above-described feeding device, bag Include:
Step 701: utilize the described fragmentation cell of described disintegrating machine that raw material corresponding for material is carried out break process, raw Become described material;
Step 702: utilize described blasting unit to be transported in described material conveying pipe by described material, via described thing Material conveying tube road enters described spiral direct current device;
Step 703: utilize described spiral direct current device described material to be carried out purified treatment, by defeated for the material after purified treatment Treat in feeding unit material described in delivering to.
As shown in Figure 8, in an embodiment of the present invention, when feeding device also includes: described bale buster and described belt pass During defeated unit,
Before step 701, also include:
Step 801: utilizing described bale buster that described raw material carries out solve bundle and process, the raw material after bundle processes is defeated by solving Deliver on described belt transport unit;
Step 802: the raw material after utilizing described belt transport unit described solution bundle to be processed is transported to described broken list In unit.
Each embodiment of the present invention at least has the advantages that
1, in embodiments of the present invention, generate material by fragmentation cell, utilize blasting unit that material is defeated by material Send pipeline to be transported in spiral direct current device, spiral direct current device carry out purified treatment, be transported to treat in feeding unit material, it is achieved treated Feeding unit material feeding, the device provided by the embodiment of the present invention, can be automatically obtained to treating feeding unit material feeding, it is not necessary to artificial Carry out feeding, improve the work efficiency of feeding.
2, in embodiments of the present invention, after carrying out solving bundle to bundled raw material by bale buster, it is possible to convenient broken Raw material is crushed by broken machine, conveniently obtains the material of small volume, more conforms to requirement.
3, in embodiments of the present invention, the helical axis of bale buster is the bipyramid bodily form small in ends, that middle part is big, when raw material enters When entering in housing, owing to helical axis upper end is little, beneficially raw material moves downward, when arriving the middle part of helical axis, due to The middle part of helical axis is relatively big, is conducive to extruding raw material so that raw material solution is tied, and raw material continues to move downward, arrives Reaching the lower end of helical axis, owing to the lower end of helical axis is little, the space of lower end is relatively big, and beneficially raw material is loose, reaches more preferable Solve the effect of bundle,
4, in embodiments of the present invention, the material exported the discharging opening of machine barrel by the drainage screen of fragmentation cell was carried out Filter, obtains size and meets the material of requirement, filtered by the material being unsatisfactory for requiring.
5, in embodiments of the present invention, reclaim the drainage screen of fragmentation cell does not crush sufficient material, weight Newly these materials are carried out break process, obtain more material, it is to avoid the wasting of resources.
It should be noted that in this article, the relational terms of such as first and second etc is used merely to an entity Or operation separates with another entity or operating space, and not necessarily require or imply existence between these entities or operation The relation of any this reality or order.And, term " includes ", " comprising " or its any other variant are intended to non- Comprising of exclusiveness, so that include that the process of a series of key element, method, article or equipment not only include those key elements, But also include other key elements being not expressly set out, or also include being consolidated by this process, method, article or equipment Some key elements.In the case of there is no more restriction, statement the key element " including " and limiting, do not arrange Except there is also other same factor in including the process of described key element, method, article or equipment.
One of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that: all or part of step realizing said method embodiment can be passed through The hardware that programmed instruction is relevant completes, and aforesaid program can be stored in the storage medium of embodied on computer readable, this program Upon execution, perform to include the step of said method embodiment;And aforesaid storage medium includes: ROM, RAM, magnetic disc or light In the various medium that can store program code such as dish.
Last it should be understood that the foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is merely to illustrate the skill of the present invention Art scheme, is not intended to limit protection scope of the present invention.All made within the spirit and principles in the present invention any amendment, Equivalent, improvement etc., be all contained in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a feeding device, it is characterised in that including:
Disintegrating machine, material conveying pipe and spiral direct current device;
Described disintegrating machine includes: fragmentation cell and blasting unit;
Described physical transport pipeline is connected with described disintegrating machine and described spiral direct current device respectively;
Described spiral direct current device with treat that feeding unit material is connected;
Raw material corresponding for material is carried out break process by described fragmentation cell, generates described material;
Described material is transported in described material conveying pipe by described blasting unit, enters institute via described material conveying pipe State spiral direct current device;
Described spiral direct current device carries out purified treatment to described material, the material after purified treatment is transported to described in treat feed material list In unit.
Device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include: bale buster and belt transport unit;
Described belt transport unit is connected with described bale buster and described fragmentation cell respectively;
Described bale buster carries out solving bundle and processes described raw material, is transported to described belt transport by solving the raw material after bundle processes On unit;
Raw material after described solution bundle is processed by described belt transport unit is transported in described fragmentation cell.
Device the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that
Described bale buster includes: the first motor, helical axis and housing;
Described helical axis is the bipyramid bodily form small in ends, that middle part is big;
Described helical axis is positioned at the inside of described housing;
Described first motor is connected with described helical axis, drives described helical axis to rotate;
The outlet of described housing is connected with described belt transport unit;
Described helical axis rotates and is extruded between described helical axis and described housing by described raw material, it is achieved to described raw material Solution bundle process, solve bundle process after raw material export described belt transport unit from the outlet of described housing.
Device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described spiral direct current device, including:
Cyclonic separation chamber, the internal diameter in described cyclonic separation chamber is in the inverted cone shape from top to bottom tapered into;
The top in described cyclonic separation chamber is provided with spiral helicine feeding mouth and air vent, and the bottom in described cyclonic separation chamber is arranged There is discharging opening;
The feeding mouth in described cyclonic separation chamber is connected with described physical transport pipeline;
With described, the discharging opening in described cyclonic separation chamber treats that feeding unit material is connected;
Described material is entered described cyclonic separation intracavity portion by the feeding mouth in described cyclonic separation chamber, in described cyclonic separation Intracavity portion carries out purified treatment, and the material after purified treatment treats feeding unit material described in the discharging opening in described cyclonic separation chamber enters In, the pollutant that purified treatment produces have described air vent to discharge.
Device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described fragmentation cell, including:
Machine barrel, cutter rod, the second motor and material storing box;
Feeding mouth and discharging opening it is provided with on described machine barrel;
The discharging opening of described machine barrel is connected with described material storing box;
Described material storing box is connected with described material conveying pipe;
Described cutter rod is positioned at inside described machine barrel, and described cutter rod is provided with multiple blade;
Described second motor drives described cutter rod to rotate;
Described raw material is entered in described machine barrel by the feeding mouth of described machine barrel, and described cutter rod is under the driving of described second motor Rotating, described raw material is carried out break process, generates described material, described material is entered into by the discharging opening of described machine barrel In described material storing box.
Device the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that
Described fragmentation cell also includes: drainage screen;
Described drainage screen is arranged between the discharging opening of described machine barrel and described material storing box;
The material that described filter screen filtration is exported by the discharging opening of described machine barrel, the material after described filter screen filtration drains to In described material storing box.
Device the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that
Described fragmentation cell also includes: recovery channel, induced-draught fan and negative pressure cabin;
Import, outlet, suction opeing and baffle plate it is provided with on described negative pressure cabin;
Described baffle plate makes to be formed between the import of described negative pressure cabin and the outlet of described negative pressure cabin a passage, and described baffle plate will The import of described negative pressure cabin separates with the suction opeing of described negative pressure cabin;
The import of described negative pressure cabin is connected with described recovery channel, the outlet of described negative pressure cabin and the feeding mouth phase of described machine barrel Even, the suction opeing of described negative pressure cabin is connected with described induced-draught fan;
Described recovery channel is connected with described fragmentation cell;
Described induced-draught fan extracts the air in described negative pressure cabin by described suction opeing, reduces the air pressure in described negative pressure cabin, with Make during on described drainage screen, remaining material is inhaled into described recovery channel, via described recovery channel from described negative pressure cabin Import enters inside described negative pressure cabin, by the outlet output of described negative pressure cabin to the feeding mouth of described machine barrel.
8. according to described device arbitrary in claim 1-7, it is characterised in that also include: control unit;
Described blasting unit includes blower fan;
Described control unit is connected with described blower fan;
Described control unit, for controlling the rotating speed of described blower fan, to control to the described speed treating feeding unit material feeding.
9. a charging method based on described feeding device arbitrary in claim 1-8, it is characterised in that including:
Raw material corresponding for material is carried out break process by the described fragmentation cell utilizing described disintegrating machine, generates described material;
Utilize described blasting unit to be transported in described material conveying pipe by described material, enter via described material conveying pipe Enter described spiral direct current device;
Utilize described spiral direct current device that described material is carried out purified treatment, the material after purified treatment is transported to described in treat In material unit.
Method the most according to claim 9, it is characterised in that
When described feeding device also includes: when described bale buster and described belt transport unit,
At the described described fragmentation cell utilizing described disintegrating machine, raw material corresponding for material is carried out break process, generate described Before material, also include:
Utilize described bale buster that described raw material carries out solve bundle to process, be transported to described belt by solving the raw material after bundle processes On transmission unit;
Raw material after utilizing described belt transport unit described solution bundle to be processed is transported in described fragmentation cell.
CN201610829641.7A 2016-09-18 2016-09-18 A kind of feeding device and charging method CN106216041A (en)

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