CN106178929B - A kind of livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system and method - Google Patents

A kind of livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system and method Download PDF

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CN106178929B
CN106178929B CN201610538026.0A CN201610538026A CN106178929B CN 106178929 B CN106178929 B CN 106178929B CN 201610538026 A CN201610538026 A CN 201610538026A CN 106178929 B CN106178929 B CN 106178929B
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foul smell
aerobic fermentation
temperature aerobic
temperature
heat exchange
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CN106178929A (en
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汪深
匡文
王均灿
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HUNAN SHIKELANG ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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HUNAN SHIKELANG ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/84Biological processes
    • B01D53/85Biological processes with gas-solid contact
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G7/00Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/02Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material
    • F23J15/04Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material using washing fluids
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • B01D2258/0266Other waste gases from animal farms
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

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  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
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  • Treatment Of Sludge (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)

Abstract

A kind of livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system and method, including solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system and liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor, boiler combustion smoke gas treatment system and detecting and controlling system;Solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system includes foul smell heat exchange condensers A, air-introduced machine and mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor, boiler combustion smoke gas treatment system include multifunctional biomass burning boiler, three energization tune valves, Aeration fan, foul smell heat exchange condensers, air-introduced machine and mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, each sensor of detecting and controlling system is arranged in above-mentioned each system, each key parameter is detected, detecting and controlling system is attached control to above system.The present invention provides a kind of energy-saving and environmental protection, efficient, practical governing system and method for rural environmental pollution improvement.

Description

A kind of livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system and method
Technical field
The invention belongs to pollutant abatement technology fields, and in particular to a kind of livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system and side Method, the fermentation odor refer to the foul smell and dead livestock and poultry animal, placenta, life that livestock and poultry farm livestock manure fermented generates The flue gas that the burning of the rural areas such as rubbish and stalk organic waste pollutant and fossil fuel burning living generate.
Background technique
Livestock and poultry farm feces of livestock and poultry is during fermented manure, under aerobic or anoxia condition, in material it is organic at Divide such as protein by the decomposition of microorganism, a large amount of poisonous and hazardous odorous gas is generated, if these foul smell are not pocessed, directly Run in and be put into atmosphere, will seriously affect the atmospheric environment on composting plant and its periphery.Therefore, the deodorization engineering in composting process becomes The indispensable a part of organic solid castoff During High-Temperature Composting process.
During livestock manure fermented, microorganism is by metabolic activity, a portion oxidation operation at simple Inorganic matter, for biology vital movement required energy, nutrients needed for another part organic matter is converted into organism are provided Matter forms new cell body, is proliferated microorganism constantly, in the process, releases big energy, except fraction is cytoplasm conjunction At providing outside energy, remaining is released in the form of heat, and according to document introduction, feces of livestock and poultry is in high temperature fermentation stage, microorganism Oxygenolysis organic waste is shown no increases in output about 420 kJ/kg of raw heat, these thermal energy are discharged with foul smell, makes foul smell temperature highest can Up to 60 ~ 70 DEG C, simultaneously as material heap temperature increases, material moisture evaporation rate is caused to be accelerated, large quantity of moisture is also with foul smell Discharge.
During feces of livestock and poultry carries out reactor fermented manure, in order to improve fermentation efficiency, shortens the compost time, promoted Organic fertilizer quality, it is standing to set heat source reactor is heated, such as coal, diesel oil and biomass fuel burning, but these heat The flue gas that source generates in combustion not only contains the particulate matters such as flue dust, carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxygen Compound (NOx) etc. toxic and harmful gas, and contain amount of heat in flue gas, flue-gas temperature made to be up to 200 DEG C;Currently, high temperature Burning is a kind of method of dead livestock and poultry animal harmless treatment, but due to organic matter in dead livestock and poultry animal (such as protein and Fat) content is high, burns and generates a large amount of flue gas, amount of heat and imperfect combustion generation are contained in these flue gases Particulate matter (flue dust) and sour gas (NOX、SO2Deng);Again since region disperses, the processing cost of residents in rural community is too high, and one As arbitrarily toppled over and burned by people, a large amount of flue gas is generated in burning process, these flue gases not only contain a large amount of particulate matter (flue dust) and sour gas (CO, NOX、SO2, HCl etc.) etc., also contain a large amount of heat.The direct exhaust of these foul smell and flue gas Cause serious air, environmental pollution, generate a series of environmental problems such as acid rain, greenhouse effects and haze, to the production of the mankind, Life is generated and is greatly negatively affected.
The technology for administering foul smell and combustion product gases has very much, such as absorption absorption, incineration method, chemical transformation, condensation method and Bioanalysis etc., but in these methods, the most cost-effective is biological odor removal method, and biological odor removal method is a kind of odorlessization, nothing The process of evilization utilizes hydrogen sulfide, the reduced sulphur compound etc. in the microbial flora conversion exhaust gas with deodorization functions The advantages that odorous substance has removal rate high, and running expense is low, and operational administrative is simple, does not generate secondary pollution, still, biology Deodorization process deodorizing effect relies on the activity of deodorizing microorganism, the too high or too low growth that can all influence microorganism of deodorization intake air temperature Breeding, so reduce deodorizing effect, when deodorization intake air temperature be higher than 40 DEG C or be lower than 15 DEG C when, deodorizing microorganism growth and breeding by To inhibition;When deodorization intake air temperature is higher than 60 DEG C, deodorizing effect is lost in deodorizing microorganism mortality.
Summary of the invention:
The technical problems to be solved by the present invention are: solving the problems, such as that above-mentioned background technique exists, and provide a kind of livestock and poultry Farm's foul smell smoke gas treatment system and method, can not only administer the foul smell that Animal fecal pollution generates during hot fermentation, and And the rural areas debirs such as can also administer dead livestock and poultry animal, placenta, house refuse and stalk and fossil fuel are burned The flue gas generated in journey provides a kind of energy-saving and environmental protection, efficient, practical foul smell smoke gas treatment system for rural environmental pollution improvement System and method.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is that:
A kind of livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system, including solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administer system System and liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor, boiler combustion smoke gas treatment system and detecting and controlling system;Solid is high Warm aerobic fermentation system includes 1~M solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor in parallel, M >=1;Solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system Fermentation odor governing system of uniting includes foul smell heat exchange condensers A, air-introduced machine and mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system The foul smell inlet flange of the exhaust outlet connection foul smell heat exchange condensers A of system, the odor exhaust flange of foul smell heat exchange condensers A is through drawing Blower and pipeline connect mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, and the air inlet flanged joint atmosphere of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, foul smell heat exchange are cold The hot-air exhaust flange of condenser A is connected to the air inlet for connecing solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system through pipeline;Liquid high-temperature aerobic hair Ferment system includes 1~X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor in parallel, X >=2;The fermentation of liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system is smelly Gas, boiler combustion smoke gas treatment system include multifunctional biomass burning boiler, Aeration fan, foul smell heat exchange condensers B, air inducing Machine and mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, the smoke outlet connection three of multifunctional biomass burning boiler, which is powered, adjusts an air inlet input terminal of valve, Three, which are powered, adjusts another air inlet input terminal connection atmosphere of valve, and three, which are powered, adjusts the output end of valve to connect liquid through Aeration fan and pipeline The inlet flange of body high-temperature aerobic fermentation system, the exhaust flange of liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system is through pipeline connection foul smell heat exchange The odor exhaust flange of the foul smell inlet flange of condenser B, foul smell heat exchange condensers B connects biological deodorizing through air-introduced machine and pipeline The air inlet of filter tower, and the air inlet flanged joint atmosphere of foul smell heat exchange condensers B, the hot-air of foul smell heat exchange condensers B Exhaust flange is connected to the air inlet of multifunctional biomass burning boiler through pipeline;Each sensor of detecting and controlling system is arranged upper It states in each system, each key parameter is detected, detecting and controlling system is attached control to above system.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, heat exchange condensers include being sequentially connected fixed upper end cover, tank body, lower cover, upper end cover Upper end have foul smell inlet flange;On tank wall, lower part is equipped with FAI Fresh Air Intake flange, and top is arranged equipped with hot-air Gas flange;Upper perforated plate is installed on tank body top, lower part installs lower perforated plate, has been evenly arranged several holes on upper and lower tube sheet, passed through It is connected between the corresponding aperture of upper and lower tube sheet with heat exchanger tube, heat exchanger tube both ends are separately fixed on upper and lower tube sheet, make upper, lower tube An airtight cavity is formed on the outside of plate, heat exchanger tube between tank wall, and is arranged by FAI Fresh Air Intake flange and hot-air Gas flange is in communication with the outside;More pull rods are uniformly fixed on lower perforated plate, it is empty in the intracorporal FAI Fresh Air Intake flange of tank and heat Multiple partitions are evenly arranged in space between gas exhaust flange, partition is fixed on pull rod;The tube cavity connection that exchanges heat is upper and lower The side wall of end cap, lower cover is equipped with odor exhaust flange, and lower cover base portion is additionally provided with U-tube.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the volume of the lower cover of heat exchange condensers is greater than or equal to the volume of upper end cover.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, partition is the circular configuration of trimming, and the diameter of partition is equal to the internal diameter of tank body, and partition is along axis Line direction is straggly, is distributed evenly in tank body, and partition is fixed on pull rod, so that fresh air trend is " Z " font, to increase Add the path of air, increases the contact area of air and heat exchanger tube.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the lower cover water outlet is located at the lowest point of lower cover, and lower cover water outlet connects U The water inlet of type pipe, the highest liquid level of U-tube are lower than the minimum point of odor exhaust flange.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the heat exchange foul smell source of heat exchange condensers not only include livestock manure fermented generate, contain Heat contains wet foul smell, but also the high-temperature flue gas generated including the burning of multifunctional biomass burning boiler.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system includes that a kind of following specific administer are System:
(1) solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system: the exhaust outlet of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system Connect foul smell heat exchange condensers A foul smell inlet flange, the odor exhaust flanged joint air-introduced machine of foul smell heat exchange condensers A it is defeated Enter end, solenoid valve is provided on the foul smell admission line of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, and be equipped with bypass branch, foul smell heat exchange is cold Condenser A bypass branch is provided with solenoid valve, the air inlet of the output end connection mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower of air-introduced machine, and removes in biology Temperature sensor is installed, mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower is provided with biological deodorizing filler, and foul smell on the main line admission line of smelly filter tower The air inlet flanged joint atmosphere of heat exchange condensers A, hot-air exhaust flange is connected to through pipeline connects solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation The air inlet of system;
(2) liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor and burning boiler combustion product gases governing system: multifunctional bio The smoke outlet connection three of matter burning boiler, which is powered, adjusts an air inlet input terminal of valve, and three, which are powered, adjusts another air inlet input terminal of valve Connection atmosphere, three output ends for being powered tune valve connect the input terminal of Aeration fan, and the output end of Aeration fan connects liquid high temperature The exhaust flange of the inlet flange of aerobic fermentation system, liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system connects foul smell heat exchange condensers through pipeline The foul smell inlet flange of B, the input terminal of the odor exhaust flanged joint air-introduced machine of foul smell heat exchange condensers B exchange heat cold in foul smell It is provided with solenoid valve on the foul smell admission line of condenser B, and is equipped with bypass branch, the setting of foul smell heat exchange condensers B bypass branch There is solenoid valve, the output end of air-introduced machine connects the air inlet of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, and in the main line air inlet of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower Temperature sensor is installed, mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower is provided with biological deodorizing filler, and the air of foul smell heat exchange condensers B on pipeline Inlet flange connects atmosphere, and hot-air exhaust flange is connected to the air inlet of multifunctional biomass burning boiler through pipeline.
Using above-mentioned livestock and poultry farm, the administering method of foul smell smoke gas treatment system includes a kind of following specific method:
(1) solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administering method: the exhaust outlet of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system The foul smell of discharge is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, then absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, conversion, discharges after up to standard, and through foul smell The hot-air of heat exchange condensers A heat exchange enters solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system through the air inlet of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system System, provides fresh hot-air for solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system;
(2) liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor and burning boiler combustion product gases administering method: Aeration fan root According to the oxygen demand of material in liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system, the aperture that valve is adjusted in three energizations is adjusted, to liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation System is aerated, and makes multifunctional biomass combustion boiler hearth and three energizations that the air input of valve be adjusted to be in negative pressure shape always State, the flue gas for generating multifunctional biomass burning boiler enter liquid height after three are powered and valve is adjusted to mix with part fresh air In warm aerobic fermentation system, the foul smell that liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system is discharged through exhaust outlet is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers B, It absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, conversion, is discharged after up to standard again, and the hot-air through foul smell heat exchange condensers B heat exchange enters more function Energy biomass combustion boiler burner hearth, fresh hot-air is provided for multifunctional biomass burning boiler;
Above-mentioned livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system undertakes sick dead pig, burning rubbish in multifunctional biomass burning boiler When the incinerated matter that rubbish, agricultural crop straw etc. easily block the aeration head of liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system, foul smell smoke gas treatment system Following solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing systems, boiler combustion smoke gas treatment system and liquid is respectively adopted in system High-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system:
(1) solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system: mainly including foul smell heat exchange condensers, air-introduced machine And mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, the foul smell inlet flange of the exhaust outlet connection foul smell heat exchange condensers A of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system, The input terminal of the odor exhaust flanged joint air-introduced machine of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, in the foul smell air inlet pipe of foul smell heat exchange condensers A It is provided with solenoid valve on road, and is equipped with bypass branch, foul smell heat exchange condensers A bypass branch is provided with solenoid valve, air-introduced machine Output end connection mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower air inlet, and temperature biography is installed on the main line admission line of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower Sensor, mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower are provided with biological deodorizing filler, and the air inlet flanged joint atmosphere of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, Hot-air exhaust flange is connected to the air inlet for connecing solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system through pipeline;
(2) boiler combustion smoke gas treatment system: mainly including scrubbing tower, circulating pump A and circulating pump B, air-introduced machine and biology Deodorization filter tower, the foul smell air inlet of the smoke outlet of multifunctional biomass burning boiler through pipeline connection scrubbing tower, scrubbing tower it is smelly Input terminal of the gas exhaust outlet through pipeline connection air-introduced machine, the output end of air-introduced machine is through the air inlet of pipeline connection mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower Mouthful;The input channel connection of circulating pump A liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor supernatant leakage fluid dram in parallel, circulating pump A's is defeated Pipeline is connected with the inlet of scrubbing tower out, the leakage fluid dram of the scrubbing tower lower part liquid in parallel by circulating pump B and its pipeline connection Body high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor head inlet forms circulation loop, while the row of each liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor Solenoid valve is provided in liquid pipe road and input duct;
(3) liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system: including foul smell heat exchange condensers B, Aeration fan, Air-introduced machine and mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, the foul smell of the exhaust flange connection foul smell heat exchange condensers C of liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system Inlet flange, the input terminal of the odor exhaust flanged joint air-introduced machine of foul smell heat exchange condensers C, foul smell heat exchange condensers C's It is provided with solenoid valve on foul smell admission line, and is equipped with bypass branch, foul smell heat exchange condensers C bypass branch is provided with electromagnetism Valve, the air inlet of the output end connection mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower of air-introduced machine, and pacify on the main line admission line of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower Equipped with temperature sensor, mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower is provided with biological deodorizing filler, and the air inlet flange of foul smell heat exchange condensers C Connect atmosphere, air inlet of the hot-air exhaust flange through pipeline connection Aeration fan, the gas outlet connection liquid hair of Aeration fan The air inlet of ferment reactor.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, odor exhaust mouth, the tank wall top of scrubbing tower are set in the top end cover of scrubbing tower Inlet is set, foul smell air inlet is set in the middle part of tank wall, leakage fluid dram is arranged in tank wall lower part, and middle part, which is placed, in tank body hangs Basket, the interior organic filler placed of hanging basket and/or inorganic filler form packing layer, and scrubbing tower inner cavity is divided into feed liquor shunting from top to bottom Chamber, packing layer, air cavity and fluid collection chamber, feed liquor splitter cavity are located at the top of packing layer, and the lower part of packing layer is air cavity, fluid collection chamber position In bottom in tank body;The inlet is connected to feed liquor splitter cavity, and the foul smell air inlet is connected to air cavity, the leakage fluid dram with Fluid collection chamber connection.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the hanging basket is placed on the bracket of inner tank wall, and hanging basket is by porous plate, stand and divides Flowing plate composition, flow distribution plate are fixed on hanging basket stand upper end, and porous plate is fixed on the lower end of stand.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the flow distribution plate is dome-shaped porous plate, the periphery of hanging basket or side Rimless.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the fluid collection chamber of bottom is provided with liquidometer in the scrubbing tower tank body, and liquidometer passes through Detecting and controlling system controls the circulating pump A and B in liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system Drainage pipe and input duct.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the organic filler refers to using organic wastes such as leaf, bark, wood sawdusts by one Carrier is made after certainty ratio mixing, and inoculation has the microorganism of deodorization functions on this carrier, foul smell or flue gas pass through the table The process of organic filler of the face with microorganism is exactly odorant mass transfer and biodegradable process.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the organic filler further includes carbonaceous, volcanic rock and/or haydite.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the inorganic filler includes hollow sphere, Raschig ring, Pall ring and/or cascade ring etc..
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the washing foul smell source of scrubbing tower is the height that the burning of multifunctional biomass burning boiler generates Warm flue gas, cleaning solution source are Animal fecal pollution mixed liquors to be fermented.
Using above-mentioned livestock and poultry farm, the administering method of foul smell smoke gas treatment system includes the specific side of following another kind Method:
(1) solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system odor control method: solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system is discharged through exhaust outlet Foul smell it is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, then absorb through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, conversion, it is up to standard after discharge, and exchange heat through foul smell The hot-air of condenser A heat exchange enters solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system through the air inlet of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system, is Solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system provides fresh hot-air;
(2) boiler combustion smoke treating method:
1. the electromagnetism on first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor Drainage pipe is opened in detection control apparatus control Valve starts circulating pump A, by the Animal fecal pollution supernatant liquid pump to be fermented on first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor top to washing Tower top inlet is washed, the feed liquor splitter cavity in scrubbing tower is entered back into, Animal fecal pollution supernatant passes through hanging basket flow distribution plate uniform flow Enter the packing layer in scrubbing tower;
2. detection control apparatus control starting air-introduced machine, the flue gas that the burning of multifunctional biomass burning boiler generates enter The foul smell air inlet of washed tower enters in scrubbing tower, and fecaluria supernatant and flue gas are sufficiently connect in scrubbing tower packing layer Touching, heat exchange, obversion;
3. the fecaluria washing filtrate after heat exchange, obversion imports in the fluid collection chamber of wash tower bottoms, when the liquid level in fluid collection chamber Meter detects fecaluria washing filtrate when attaining to a high place, detecting and controlling system control open first liquid high-temperature aerobic reactor into Solenoid valve on liquid pipe road, while the circulating pump B in input duct is opened, fecaluria washing filtrate pump is back to first liquid height Warm aerobic fermentation reactor increases fecaluria fluid temperature in first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor;When first liquid When fecaluria fluid temperature is increased to set temperature in body high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor, detecting and controlling system control closes first Solenoid valve in liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor input duct and Drainage pipe, detecting and controlling system control open second Solenoid valve in liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor input duct and Drainage pipe, second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reaction Fecaluria liquid is pumped into scrubbing tower through circulating pump A in device, when the liquidometer in fluid collection chamber detects that fecaluria washing filtrate reaches high When position, the solenoid valve in second liquid high-temperature aerobic reactor input duct is opened in detecting and controlling system control, is opened simultaneously Fecaluria washing filtrate pump is back to second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor, makes second liquid high-temperature aerobic by circulating pump B Fecaluria fluid temperature increases in fermentation reactor B, makes up to set temperature;When second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor When fecaluria fluid temperature is increased to set temperature, second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor is closed in detecting and controlling system control X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor is opened in solenoid valve in input duct and Drainage pipe, detecting and controlling system control Solenoid valve in input duct and Drainage pipe, fecaluria liquid is pumped through circulating pump A in X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor Enter in scrubbing tower, increases fecaluria fluid temperature in X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor;
4. the flue gas after heat exchange, obversion send to biological deodorizing through air-introduced machine and filters from the exhaust outlet discharge at the top of scrubbing tower Tower absorbs, conversion through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, discharges after up to standard;
5. replace the filler in scrubbing tower, scrubbing tower top end cover is opened, hanging basket is taken out, by the organic filler of taking-up It send to solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system and carries out high-temperature aerobic fermentation, organic fertilizer is made.
(3) liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administering method: to the liquid height for reaching set temperature through exchanging heat Material carries out high-temperature aerobic fermentation reaction in warm aerobic fermentation reactor, and the foul smell through exhaust outlet discharge is through foul smell heat exchange condensers C is cooling, then absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, conversion, discharges after up to standard, and the hot-air through foul smell heat exchange condensers C heat exchange passes through Aeration fan blasts liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system, provides fresh hot-air for liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system;
Further, when the temperature on the main line admission line that detecting and controlling system detection is mounted on mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower When sensor detects that foul smell temperature is greater than 40 degree, detecting and controlling system opens the admission line of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C On solenoid valve, close bypass branch solenoid valve, make the foul smell into mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C It is cooling;And when the temperature sensor that detecting and controlling system detection is mounted on the main line admission line of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower detects When foul smell temperature is less than 15 degree, detecting and controlling system closes the solenoid valve on the admission line of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C, Open bypass branch solenoid valve, make foul smell do not enter foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C cooling, make mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 15 degree ~ 40 degree of temperature range work, not only guarantee deodorizing effect, but also the microorganism in mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower is made to be unlikely to suspend mode and death;
In above-mentioned technical proposal, heat exchange generation is carried out in foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C containing hot foul smell and cold air Condensed water be discharged by foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C and through pipeline be discharged into outdoor irrigation canals and ditches.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, detecting and controlling system includes being provided with liquidometer in scrubbing tower fluid collection chamber and in life Temperature sensor, the output connecting detection control of liquidometer, temperature sensor are installed on the main line admission line of object deodorization filter tower The signal input part of device processed, and the control signal of detecting and controlling system output connects each solenoid valve, three energizations are adjusted valve and followed Ring pump.
A kind of administering method based on above-mentioned livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system, comprising:
(1) hot water heated through multifunctional biomass burning boiler enter solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system collet or The collet or heat exchange coil of heat exchange coil and liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system, heating solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system and Material is opened in material in liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system, solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system and liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system The reaction of beginning high-temperature aerobic fermentation;
(2) solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administering method: solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system is through exhaust outlet The foul smell of discharge is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, then absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, conversion, discharges after up to standard, and through foul smell The hot-air of heat exchange condensers A heat exchange enters solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system through the air inlet of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system System, provides fresh hot-air for solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system;
(3) liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor and boiler combustion smoke treating method: Aeration fan is according to liquid The oxygen demand of material in body high-temperature aerobic fermentation system adjusts the aperture that valve is adjusted in three energizations, to liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system It is aerated, makes multifunctional biomass combustion boiler hearth and three energizations that the air input of valve be adjusted always to be in a state of negative pressure, The flue gas for generating multifunctional biomass burning boiler enters liquid high temperature after three are powered and valve is adjusted to mix with part fresh air In aerobic fermentation system, liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system is aerated, liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system is arranged through exhaust outlet Foul smell out is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers B, then absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, conversion, discharges after up to standard, and changes through foul smell The hot-air of reheater condenser B heat exchange enters the burner hearth of multifunctional biomass burning boiler, mentions for multifunctional biomass burning boiler For fresh hot-air;
(4) it burns away the refuse when multifunctional biomass burning boiler undertakes, sick dead pig, stalk etc. easily make liquid high-temperature aerobic When the incinerated matter of the aeration head blocking of fermentation system, the method for stench processing system includes the following:
(1) solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administering method: solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system is through exhaust outlet The foul smell of discharge is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, then absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, conversion, discharges after up to standard, and through foul smell The hot-air of heat exchange condensers A heat exchange enters solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system through the air inlet of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system System, provides fresh hot-air for solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system;
(2) boiler combustion smoke treating method:
1. the electromagnetism on first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor Drainage pipe is opened in detecting and controlling system control Valve starts circulating pump A, by the Animal fecal pollution supernatant liquid pump to be fermented on first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor top to washing Tower top inlet is washed, the feed liquor splitter cavity in scrubbing tower is entered back into, Animal fecal pollution supernatant is uniformly flowed by flow distribution plate and washed Wash the packing layer in tower;
2. detection control apparatus control starting air-introduced machine, the flue gas that the burning of multifunctional biomass burning boiler generates enter The foul smell air inlet of washed tower enters in scrubbing tower, and fecaluria supernatant and flue gas are sufficiently connect in scrubbing tower packing layer Touching, heat exchange, obversion;
3. the fecaluria washing filtrate after heat exchange, obversion imports in the fluid collection chamber of wash tower bottoms, when the liquid level in fluid collection chamber When meter detects that fecaluria washing filtrate attains to a high place, first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reaction is opened in detecting and controlling system control Solenoid valve in device input duct, while circulating pump B is opened, fecaluria washing filtrate pump is back to first liquid high-temperature aerobic hair Ferment reactor increases fecaluria fluid temperature in first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor;When first liquid high temperature is good When aerobe fermentation reactor fecaluria fluid temperature is increased to set temperature, it is good that first liquid high temperature is closed in detecting and controlling system control Solenoid valve in aerobe fermentation reactor input duct and Drainage pipe, it is good that second liquid high temperature is opened in detecting and controlling system control Solenoid valve on aerobe fermentation reactor Drainage pipe, fecaluria liquid is through circulating pump in second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor A is pumped into scrubbing tower, when the liquidometer in fluid collection chamber detects that fecaluria washing filtrate attains to a high place, detecting and controlling system control The solenoid valve in second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor input duct is opened, while opening circulating pump B, fecaluria is washed Filtrate pump is back to second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor, makes fecaluria liquid in second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor Temperature increases, and makes up to set temperature;When second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor fecaluria fluid temperature is increased to When set temperature, second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor input duct and Drainage pipe are closed in detecting and controlling system control On solenoid valve, detecting and controlling system control opens X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor input duct and Drainage pipe On solenoid valve, fecaluria liquid is pumped into scrubbing tower through circulating pump A in X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor, makes X Fecaluria fluid temperature increases in liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor;
4. the flue gas after heat exchange, obversion send to biological deodorizing through air-introduced machine and filters from the exhaust outlet discharge at the top of scrubbing tower It in tower, absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, conversion, is discharged after up to standard;
5. replace the filler in scrubbing tower, scrubbing tower top end cover is opened, hanging basket is taken out, by the organic filler of taking-up It send to solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system and carries out high-temperature aerobic fermentation, organic fertilizer is made;
(3) liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administering method: to the liquid height for reaching set temperature through exchanging heat Material carries out high-temperature aerobic fermentation in warm aerobic fermentation reactor, and liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor is discharged smelly through exhaust outlet Gas is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers C, then absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, conversion, discharges after up to standard, and exchanges heat and condense through foul smell The hot-air of device C heat exchange blasts liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor through Aeration fan, is liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor Fresh hot-air is provided;
(5) when the temperature sensor on the main line admission line that detecting and controlling system is mounted on mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower detects When being greater than 40 degree to foul smell temperature, detection control apparatus opens the electromagnetism on the admission line of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C Valve closes bypass branch solenoid valve, keeps the foul smell into mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower first cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C;And When the temperature sensor on the main line admission line that detecting and controlling system detection is mounted on mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower detects foul smell temperature When degree is less than 15 degree, detecting and controlling system closes the solenoid valve on the admission line of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C, opens other Logical branch way solenoid valve makes foul smell not enter foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C cooling, makes mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower in 15 degree ~ 40 degree temperature Section work is spent, not only guarantees deodorizing effect, but also the microorganism in mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower is made to be unlikely to suspend mode and death;
(6) the condensed water quilt of heat exchange generation is carried out in foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C containing hot foul smell and cold air The irrigation canals and ditches being discharged into outside poultry house through pipeline are discharged in foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C.
The utility model has the advantages that
The rural areas such as Animal fecal pollution, dead livestock and poultry animal, placenta, house refuse and stalk organic waste pollutant is rural area ring The important pollution sources of border pollution, the present invention can not only administer the foul smell that Animal fecal pollution generates during hot fermentation, but also The rural areas such as dead livestock and poultry animal, placenta, house refuse and stalk organic waste pollutant can be administered and fossil fuel is burning The flue gas generated in the process makes significant contribution for rural environmental pollution improvement.
The present invention fully considers the feature that Animal fecal pollution fermentation odor heat is high, humidity is big, creatively designs a kind of smelly Gas heat exchange condensers, several heat exchanger tubes, heat exchanger tube include outside hot foul smell and pipe in homogeneous vertical arrangement in heat exchange condensers Fresh air convection current carries out fully heat exchange by heat exchanger tube, and which is compared with traditional heat exchange mode, and exchange heat specific surface area Greatly, heat exchange efficiency is high, meanwhile, fresh air is heated into hot-air through heat exchange condensers, and hot-air can be used as Animal fecal pollution height The heat source of warm aerobic fermentation heats Animal fecal pollution, is supplied oxygen, and the Animal fecal pollution fermentation calefaction time is shortened, and improves fermentation effect Rate.
Since Animal fecal pollution fermentation odor humidity is big, while cooling down through heat exchange condensers, also produce a large amount of Condensed water, these condensed waters are pooled to naturally in the lower cover of heat exchange condensers through heat exchanger tube, when condensed water liquid level reaches certain When height, due to the effect of pressure difference, condensed water drains into irrigation canals and ditches with U-tube is naturally outer, and operation is simple for this mode, simultaneously Using condensation water-stop lower cover condensate water discharging mouth, prevent condensed foul smell from arranging through lower cover condensate water discharging mouth to atmosphere Cause secondary pollution.
The rural areas such as fossil fuel and dead livestock and poultry animal, placenta, house refuse and stalk organic waste pollutant exists Contain a large amount of heat in the flue gas that the burning of multifunctional biomass burning boiler generates, but due to dead livestock and poultry animal, placenta, life The rural areas such as rubbish and stalk organic waste pollutant living is in the flue gas that the burning of multifunctional biomass burning boiler generates containing big Amount, the particulate matter for easily blocking aeration head, therefore when above-mentioned rural area organic waste pollutant is in multifunctional biomass burning boiler When burning, the flue gas of generation is not directly aerated liquid fermentation reactor, but scrubbing tower is used to wash, by combustion product gases With fecaluria liquid simultaneously be sent into scrubbing tower exchanged heat, obversion, while reducing flue gas, the temperature liter of Animal fecal pollution liquid Height, containing a large amount of in the flue gas that multifunctional biomass burning boiler generates in combustion, such as sulfur dioxide, three oxidations Water molecules in the sour gas such as sulphur, nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide and Animal fecal pollution liquid, release H+, reduce livestock and poultry The pH of fecaluria liquid reduces the release of ammonia, reduces the loss that Animal fecal pollution liquid reduces nutrient.Multifunctional biomass combustion Containing a large amount of such as PM2.5 finely ground particles in the flue gas that burning boiler generates in combustion, these particulate matters can be by livestock and poultry Fecaluria liquid absorption, Partial Conversion become beneficial nutrient.
At the beginning of the high-temperature aerobic fermentation and high-temperature aerobic fermentation for carrying out Animal fecal pollution in winter, the foul smell temperature of discharge When spending low, without the condensation that exchanges heat, bypass branch is arranged on heat exchange condensers pipeline in innovative design of the present invention, when in winter into At the beginning of the high-temperature aerobic fermentation and high-temperature aerobic fermentation of row Animal fecal pollution, when the foul smell temperature of discharge is low, low temperature foul smell passes through Bypass branch enters mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, cools down again to avoid low temperature foul smell by heat exchange condensers;And when in Animal fecal pollution High-temperature aerobic fermentation hot stage, the foul smell temperature of discharge is high, humidity is big, closes bypass branch at this time, foul smell is by changing Reheater condenser cooling, remains at temperature of charge in mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower in the range of restriction, not only guarantees deodorizing effect, but also The microorganism in mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower is set to be unlikely to suspend mode and death.
The present invention was not only energy saving, but also environmental protection, really realized the harmony of pollution control and heat recovery.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is foul smell smoke gas treatment system schematic;
Fig. 2 is 1 schematic diagram of foul smell smoke gas treatment system embodiment;
Fig. 3 is 2 schematic diagram of foul smell smoke gas treatment system embodiment;
Fig. 4 is foul smell smoke gas treatment system schematic;
Fig. 5 is 3 schematic diagram of foul smell smoke gas treatment system embodiment;
Fig. 6 is 4 schematic diagram of foul smell smoke gas treatment system embodiment;
Fig. 7 is 5 schematic diagram of foul smell smoke gas treatment system embodiment;
Fig. 8 is condensing heat exchanger structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is upper end cover and tank body attachment structure schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is lower cover and tank body attachment structure schematic diagram;
Figure 11 is I partial enlarged view in Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of scrubbing tower of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the A-A view in Figure 12;
Figure 14 is the flow distribution plate longitudinal sectional view in Figure 13;
Figure 15 is the top view of Figure 13.
It is numbered in Fig. 1: 001-solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system, 002-liquid high-temperature aerobic Fermentation system fermentation odor and boiler combustion smoke gas treatment system, 101-solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation systems, 201-liquid are high Warm aerobic fermentation system, 202-multifunctional biomass burning boilers.
Numbered in Fig. 2: A-foul smell heat exchange condensers, 101-solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation systems, 102-air-introduced machines, 103-mixed culture biological deodorizing filter towers, 104-solenoid valves, 105-solenoid valves, 106-temperature sensors.
It is numbered in Fig. 3: B-foul smell heat exchange condensers, 206-liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation systems, 512-multifunctional bios Matter burning boiler, 407-three be powered adjust valves, 404-Aeration fans, 402B-air-introduced machine, 403B-mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, 405C-solenoid valve, 405D-solenoid valve, 406B-temperature sensor.
It is numbered in Fig. 4: 001-solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system, 003-liquid high-temperature aerobic Fermentation system fermentation odor governing system, 004-boiler combustion smoke gas treatment system, 101-solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation systems, 201-liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation systems, 202-multifunctional biomass burning boilers.
Numbered in Fig. 5: A-foul smell heat exchange condensers, 101-solid fermentation reactors, 102-air-introduced machines,
103-mixed culture biological deodorizing filter towers, 104-solenoid valves, 105-solenoid valves, 106-temperature sensors.
It is numbered in Fig. 6: 201A-liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor, 201B-liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor B, 201X-liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor X, 401-scrubbing towers, 402A-circulating pump A, 402B-circulating pump B, 403-are drawn Blower, 404-mixed culture biological deodorizing filter towers, 405A1-solenoid valve A1,405A2-solenoid valve A2,405B1-solenoid valve B1, 405B2-solenoid valve B2,405X1-solenoid valve X1,405X2-solenoid valve X2,202-multifunctional biomass burning boilers.
Numbered in Fig. 7: C-foul smell heat exchange condensers, 201-liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation systems, 501-air-introduced machines, 502-mixed culture biological deodorizing filter towers, 503-Aeration fans, 504-solenoid valves, 505-solenoid valves, 506-temperature sensors.
Numbered in Fig. 8: 601-upper end covers, 602-upper perforated plates, 603-heat exchanger tubes, 604-partitions, 605-pull rods, 606-FAI Fresh Air Intake flanges, 607-lower covers, 608-odor exhaust flanges, 609-foul smell inlet flanges, 610-heat Air exhaust flange, 611-tank bodies, 612-lower perforated plates, 613-U-tubes.
It is numbered in Fig. 9: 601-upper end covers, 602-upper perforated plates, 603-heat exchanger tubes, 609-foul smell inlet flanges, 610- Hot-air exhaust flange.
It is numbered in Figure 10: 603-heat exchanger tubes, 606-FAI Fresh Air Intake flanges, 607-lower covers, 608-foul smell row Gas flange, 612-lower perforated plates.
It is numbered in Figure 11: 603-heat exchanger tubes, 612-lower perforated plates.
It is numbered in Figure 12: 1001- fluid collection chamber, 1002- bracket, 1003- top end cover, 1004- exhaust outlet, 1005- feed liquor Mouth, 1006- flow distribution plate, 1007- hanging basket, 1008- air inlet, 109- or more liquid level detecting sensor, 110- leakage fluid dram.
It is numbered in Figure 13: 1101- stand, 1102- porous plate.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system, including the fermentation of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system Odor treatment system 001 and liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor and boiler combustion smoke gas treatment system 002.
Solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system 001, as shown in Fig. 2, solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system Fermentation odor governing system of uniting includes foul smell heat exchange condensers A, air-introduced machine 102, mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 103, solenoid valve 104,105 With temperature sensor 106, the foul smell air inlet of the exhaust outlet connection foul smell heat exchange condensers A of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101 Flange 609, the odor exhaust flange 608 of foul smell heat exchange condensers A connect the input terminal of air-introduced machine 102, exchange heat and condense in foul smell It is provided with solenoid valve 104 on the foul smell admission line of device A, and is equipped with bypass branch, the setting of foul smell heat exchange condensers A bypass branch There is solenoid valve 105, the output end of air-introduced machine 102 connects the air inlet of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 103, and in mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower Temperature sensor 106 is installed, mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 103 is provided with biological deodorizing filler, and smelly on 103 main line admission line The air inlet flange 606 of gas heat exchange condensers A connects atmosphere, and hot-air exhaust flange 610 is connected to solid high-temperature through pipeline The air inlet of aerobic fermentation system 101.
Liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor and multifunctional biomass burning boiler combustion product gases governing system 002, adjust valves 407, Aeration fan 404, air-introduced machine 402B, biology to remove as shown in figure 3, being powered including foul smell heat exchange condensers B, three The smoke outlet of smelly filter tower 403B, solenoid valve 405C, 405D and temperature sensor 406B, multifunctional biomass burning boiler 512 connect An air inlet input terminal of three energization tune valves 407 is connect, three, which are powered, adjusts another air inlet input terminal connection atmosphere of valve 407, threeway Electricity adjusts the input terminal of the output end connection Aeration fan 404 of valve 407, and the output end of Aeration fan 404 connects liquid high-temperature aerobic The inlet flange of fermentation system 206, the exhaust flange of liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 206 is through pipeline connection foul smell heat exchange condensation The foul smell inlet flange 609 of device B, the odor exhaust flange 608 of foul smell heat exchange condensers B connect the input terminal of air-introduced machine 402B, It is provided with solenoid valve 405C on the foul smell admission line of foul smell heat exchange condensers B, and is equipped with bypass branch, foul smell heat exchange condensation Device B bypass branch is provided with solenoid valve 405D, and the output end of air-introduced machine 402B connects the air inlet of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 403B, And temperature sensor 406B is installed on the main line admission line of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 403B, mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 403B is built-in There is biological deodorizing filler, and the air inlet flange 606 of foul smell heat exchange condensers B connects atmosphere, hot-air exhaust flange 610 passes through Pipeline is connected to the air inlet of multifunctional biomass burning boiler 512.
Administering method using above-mentioned livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system is specific as follows:
(1) solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administering method: the exhaust of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101 The foul smell of mouth discharge is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, then absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 103, conversion, rear discharge up to standard, and It is good that hot-air through foul smell heat exchange condensers A heat exchange through the air inlet of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101 enters solid high-temperature Aerobe fermentation system 101 provides fresh hot-air for solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101;
(2) liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor and multifunctional biomass burning boiler combustion product gases improvement side Method: Aeration fan 404 adjusts three energizations and adjusts opening for valve 407 according to the oxygen demand of material in liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 206 Degree, is aerated liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 206, adjusts 512 burner hearth of multifunctional biomass burning boiler and three energizations The air input of valve 407 always is in a state of negative pressure, and the flue gas and part for generating multifunctional biomass burning boiler 512 are new Fresh air enters in liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 206 after three are powered and valve 407 is adjusted to mix, liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 206 foul smell through exhaust outlet discharge are cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers B, then absorb through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 403B, conversion, up to standard After discharge, and through foul smell heat exchange condensers B exchange heat hot-air enter 512 burner hearth of multifunctional biomass burning boiler, be more function Energy biomass combustion boiler 512 provides fresh hot-air.
As shown in figure 4, burning away the refuse when multifunctional biomass burning boiler 202 undertakes, sick dead pig, stalk etc. easily make liquid When the incinerated matter of the aeration head blocking of high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 201, stench processing system includes solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system System fermentation odor governing system 001, multifunctional biomass burning boiler combustion product gases governing system 003 and liquid high-temperature aerobic hair Ferment system fermentation odor governing system 004, solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system 001, as shown in figure 5, Solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system 001 includes foul smell heat exchange condensers A, air-introduced machine 102, biological deodorizing The exhaust outlet of filter tower 103, solenoid valve 104,105 and temperature sensor 106, solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101 connects foul smell The odor exhaust flange 608 of the foul smell inlet flange 609 of heat exchange condensers A, foul smell heat exchange condensers A connects air-introduced machine 102 Input terminal is provided with solenoid valve 104 on the foul smell admission line of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, and is equipped with bypass branch, and foul smell changes Reheater condenser A bypass branch is provided with solenoid valve 105, the air inlet of the output end connection mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 103 of air-introduced machine 102 Mouthful, and temperature sensor 106 is installed on the main line admission line of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 103, mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 103 is built-in There is biological deodorizing filler, and the air inlet flange 606 of foul smell heat exchange condensers A connects atmosphere, hot-air exhaust flange 610 passes through Pipeline is connected to the air inlet of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101.
Boiler combustion smoke gas treatment system 004 is as shown in figure 4, system includes scrubbing tower 401, circulating pump 402A, 402B, draws Blower 403, mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 404 and multiple solenoid valve 405A1,405A2,405B1,405B2,405X1 and 405X2, more function Foul smell air inlet of the smoke outlet of energy biomass combustion boiler 202 through pipeline connection scrubbing tower 401, the foul smell row of scrubbing tower 401 Input terminal of the port through pipeline connection air-introduced machine 403, the output end of air-introduced machine 403 is through pipeline connection mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 404 Air inlet;The supernatant of the input channel connection of circulating pump A liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A, 201B and 201X in parallel The output channel of liquid leakage fluid dram, circulating pump A is connected with the inlet of scrubbing tower 401, and the leakage fluid dram of 401 lower part of scrubbing tower is by following Ring pumps the top inlet of liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A, 201B and 201X of B and its pipeline connection parallel connection, is formed Circulation loop, meanwhile, the Drainage pipe of liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A, 201B and 201X are respectively arranged with solenoid valve 405A1,405B1 and 405X1 are provided with solenoid valve 405A2,405B2 and 405X2 in input duct.
Liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system 003 is as shown in fig. 7, system includes foul smell heat exchange condensation Device C, air-introduced machine 501, mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 502, Aeration fan 503, solenoid valve 504,505 and temperature sensor 506, liquid are high The foul smell inlet flange 609 of the exhaust flange connection foul smell heat exchange condensers C of warm aerobic fermentation system 201, foul smell heat exchange condensation The odor exhaust flange 608 of device C connects the input terminal of air-introduced machine 501, sets on the foul smell admission line of foul smell heat exchange condensers C It is equipped with solenoid valve 504, and is equipped with bypass branch, foul smell heat exchange condensers C bypass branch is provided with solenoid valve 505, air-introduced machine 501 Output end connection mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 502 air inlet, and be equipped on the main line admission line of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 502 Temperature sensor 506, mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 502 are provided with biological deodorizing filler, and the air inlet method of foul smell heat exchange condensers C Orchid 606 connects atmosphere, air inlet of the hot-air exhaust flange 610 through pipeline connection Aeration fan 503, and Aeration fan 503 goes out The air inlet of port connection liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 201.
It burns away the refuse when multifunctional biomass burning boiler 202 undertakes, sick dead pig, stalk etc. easily send out liquid high-temperature aerobic When the incinerated matter of the aeration head blocking of ferment system 201, the administering method of livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system is specific as follows:
(1) solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administering method: solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101 is through being vented The foul smell of mouth discharge is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, then absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 103, conversion, rear discharge up to standard, and It is good that hot-air through foul smell heat exchange condensers A heat exchange through the air inlet of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101 enters solid high-temperature Aerobe fermentation system 101 provides fresh hot-air for solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101;
(2) boiler combustion smoke treating method:
1. the electricity on first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A Drainage pipe is opened in detecting and controlling system control Magnet valve 405A1 starts circulating pump A, by the Animal fecal pollution supernatant to be fermented on the top liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A Pump enters back into the feed liquor splitter cavity in scrubbing tower 401, Animal fecal pollution supernatant is by shunting to 401 top inlet of scrubbing tower Plate 1006 uniformly flows into the packing layer in scrubbing tower 401;
2. detecting and controlling system control starting air-introduced machine 403, the cigarette that the burning of multifunctional biomass burning boiler 202 generates The foul smell air inlet 1008 that gas enters washed tower 401 enters in scrubbing tower 401, and fecaluria supernatant and flue gas are in scrubbing tower 401 It carries out coming into full contact with heat exchange, obversion in packing layer;
3. the fecaluria washing filtrate after heat exchange, obversion imports in the fluid collection chamber of 401 bottom of scrubbing tower, when in fluid collection chamber When liquidometer 1009 detects that fecaluria washing filtrate attains to a high place, first liquid high-temperature aerobic is opened in detecting and controlling system control Solenoid valve 405A2 in reactor 201A input duct, while the circulating pump B in input duct is opened, fecaluria is washed into filtrate Blowback makes first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A fecaluria liquid temperature to liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A Degree increases;When first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A fecaluria fluid temperature is increased to set temperature, detection control The solenoid valve on first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A input duct and Drainage pipe is closed in system control processed 405A1 and 405A2, detecting and controlling system control are opened on second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201B Drainage pipe Fecaluria liquid is pumped into scrubbing tower through circulating pump A in solenoid valve 405B1, second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201B, When the liquidometer 1009 in fluid collection chamber detects that fecaluria washing filtrate attains to a high place, detecting and controlling system control opens second Solenoid valve 405B2 in liquid high-temperature aerobic reactor 201B input duct, while the circulating pump B in input duct is opened, it will Fecaluria washing filtrate pump is back to liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201B, makes second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor Fecaluria fluid temperature increases in 201B, makes up to set temperature;When second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201B excrement When urine temperature is increased to set temperature, second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor is closed in detecting and controlling system control Solenoid valve 405B1 and 405B2 in 201B input duct and Drainage pipe, it is high that X liquid is opened in detecting and controlling system control Solenoid valve 405X1 and 405X2 in warm aerobic fermentation reactor 201X input duct and Drainage pipe, X liquid high temperature are good Fecaluria liquid is pumped into scrubbing tower 401 through circulating pump A in aerobe fermentation reactor 201X, keeps X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation anti- Fecaluria fluid temperature in device 201X is answered to increase;
4. the flue gas after heat exchange, obversion is sent through air-introduced machine 403 to biology from the exhaust outlet discharge at 401 top of scrubbing tower Deodorization filter tower 404 absorbs, conversion through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 404, discharges after up to standard;
5. replace the filler in scrubbing tower 401,401 top end cover 1003 of scrubbing tower is opened, takes out hanging basket 1007, it will The organic filler of taking-up is sent to solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101 and carries out high-temperature aerobic fermentation, and organic fertilizer is made.
(3) liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administering method: to the liquid height for reaching set temperature through exchanging heat Material carries out high-temperature aerobic fermentation in warm aerobic fermentation reactor 201A or 201B or 201X, and the foul smell through exhaust outlet discharge passes through Foul smell heat exchange condensers C is cooling, then absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 502, conversion, discharges after up to standard, and exchanges heat and condense through foul smell The hot-air of device C heat exchange blasts liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A or 201B or 201X through Aeration fan 503, is liquid Body high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A or 201B or 201X provide fresh hot-air.
Heat exchange condensers structural schematic diagram according to the present invention as shown in figure 8, heat exchange condensers from top to bottom successively by Upper end cover 601, upper perforated plate 602, tank body 611, lower perforated plate 612, lower cover 607 and U-tube 613 are constituted, upper perforated plate 602 and down tube It is evenly arranged many stomatas on plate 612, is connected between upper perforated plate 602 and the corresponding stomata of lower perforated plate 612 with heat exchanger tube 603, in down tube More pull rods 605 are fixed on plate 612, and the partition 604 that is straggly, being equably disposed with muti-piece trimming between air import and export, Partition 604 is fixed on pull rod 605, and the diameter of partition 604 is less than the internal diameter of tank body 611, be provided on upper end cover 601 foul smell into Gas flange 609, the top of lower cover 607 are provided with odor exhaust flange 608,611 lower sidewall of tank body be provided with cold air into Gas flange 606,611 side wall upper part of tank body are provided with hot-air exhaust flange 610, and the water inlet of U-tube 613 is fixed on lower cover 607 bottom, the highest liquid level of U-tube 613 are lower than the minimum point of odor exhaust flange 608.
Structure of column scrubber is as shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13, mainly includes top end cover 1003, exhaust outlet 1004, inlet 1005, hanging basket 1007, air inlet 1008, liquid level sensor 109 and leakage fluid dram 110, barrel structure diagrammatic cross-section such as Figure 12 institute Show, hanging basket 1007 is mainly made of porous plate 1102, stand 1101 and flow distribution plate 1006, and exhaust outlet 1004 is located at top end cover On 1003, inlet is located on flow distribution plate 1006, and on the side wall of scrubbing tower 401, hanging basket 1007 is placed on bracket 1002, The packing layer of certain altitude is placed on porous plate 1102, air inlet 1008 is between hanging basket 1007 and fluid collection chamber 1001, washing On the side wall of tower 401, there is fluid collection chamber 1001 in 401 bottom of scrubbing tower, the extreme lower position of fluid collection chamber 1001 is provided with leakage fluid dram 110。
A kind of administering method based on above-mentioned livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system, comprising:
(1) hot water heated through multifunctional biomass burning boiler 202 enters solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101 The collet or heat exchange coil of collet or heat exchange coil and liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 201 heat the aerobic hair of solid high-temperature Material in ferment system 101 and liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 201, solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101 and liquid high temperature are good Material starts high-temperature aerobic fermentation reaction in aerobe fermentation system 201;
(2) solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administering method: solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101 is through arranging The foul smell of port discharge is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, then absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 103, conversion, rear discharge up to standard, And the hot-air to exchange heat through foul smell heat exchange condensers A enters solid high-temperature through the air inlet of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101 Aerobic fermentation system 101 provides fresh hot-air for solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101;
(3) liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor and multifunctional biomass burning boiler combustion product gases processing side Method: Aeration fan 204 adjusts three energizations and adjusts opening for valve 203 according to the oxygen demand of material in liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 201 Degree, is aerated liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 201, adjusts 202 burner hearth of multifunctional biomass burning boiler and three energizations The air input of valve 203 always is in a state of negative pressure, and the flue gas and part for generating multifunctional biomass burning boiler 202 are new Fresh air enters in liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 201 after three are powered and valve 203 is adjusted to mix, to liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system System 201 is aerated, and the foul smell that liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 201 is discharged through exhaust outlet is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers B, It is absorbed again through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 206, conversion, the hot-air for discharging after up to standard, and exchanging heat through foul smell heat exchange condensers B enters more The burner hearth of functional biological matter burning boiler 202 provides fresh hot-air for multifunctional biomass burning boiler 202;
(4) it burns away the refuse when multifunctional biomass burning boiler 202 undertakes, sick dead pig, stalk etc. easily keep liquid high temperature good When the incinerated matter of the aeration head blocking of aerobe fermentation system 201, the method for stench processing system includes the following:
(1) solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administering method: solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 201 is through being vented The foul smell of mouth discharge is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, then absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 103, conversion, rear discharge up to standard, and It is good that hot-air through foul smell heat exchange condensers A heat exchange through the air inlet of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101 enters solid high-temperature Aerobe fermentation system 101 provides fresh hot-air for solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101;
(2) boiler combustion smoke treating method:
1. the electricity on first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A Drainage pipe is opened in detecting and controlling system control Magnet valve 405A1 starts circulating pump A, by the Animal fecal pollution supernatant to be fermented on the top liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A Pump enters back into the feed liquor splitter cavity in scrubbing tower 401, Animal fecal pollution supernatant is by shunting to 401 top inlet of scrubbing tower Plate 1006 uniformly flows into the packing layer in scrubbing tower 401;
2. detection control apparatus control starting air-introduced machine 403, the cigarette that the burning of multifunctional biomass burning boiler 202 generates The foul smell air inlet that gas enters washed tower 401 enters in scrubbing tower 401, and fecaluria supernatant and flue gas are in 401 filler of scrubbing tower It carries out coming into full contact with heat exchange, obversion in layer;
3. the fecaluria washing filtrate after heat exchange, obversion imports in the fluid collection chamber of 401 bottom of scrubbing tower, when in fluid collection chamber When liquidometer 1009 detects that fecaluria washing filtrate attains to a high place, first liquid high-temperature aerobic is opened in detecting and controlling system control Solenoid valve 405A2 in fermentation reactor 201A input duct, while circulating pump B is opened, fecaluria washing filtrate pump is back to liquid Body high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A makes fecaluria fluid temperature liter in first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A It is high;When first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201A fecaluria fluid temperature is increased to set temperature, detection control system System control close solenoid valve 405A1 on first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor A input duct and Drainage pipe and The solenoid valve on second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201B Drainage pipe is opened in 405A2, detecting and controlling system control Fecaluria liquid is pumped into scrubbing tower 401 through circulating pump A in 405B1, second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201B, makes Fecaluria fluid temperature increases in two liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201B, makes up to set temperature;When second liquid When body high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201B fecaluria fluid temperature is increased to set temperature, detecting and controlling system control closes second Solenoid valve 405B1 and 405B2 in a liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201B input duct and Drainage pipe, detection control The solenoid valve 405X1 on X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201X input duct and Drainage pipe is opened in system control And fecaluria liquid is pumped into scrubbing tower 401 through circulating pump A in 405X2, X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201X, is made Fecaluria fluid temperature increases in X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor 201X;
4. be discharged through heat exchange, the flue gas after obversion from the exhaust outlet 1004 at 401 top of scrubbing tower, through air-introduced machine 403 send to It in mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 404, absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 404, conversion, is discharged after up to standard;
5. replace the filler in scrubbing tower 401,401 top end cover 1003 of scrubbing tower is opened, takes out hanging basket 1007, it will The organic filler of taking-up is sent to solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system 101 and carries out high-temperature aerobic fermentation, and organic fertilizer is made.
(3) liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administering method: to the liquid height for reaching set temperature through exchanging heat The warm interior material of aerobic fermentation reactor (201A or 201B or 201X) carries out high-temperature aerobic fermentation, and liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation is anti- The foul smell for answering device (201A or 201B or 201X) to be discharged through exhaust outlet is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers C, then filters through biological deodorizing Tower 502 is absorbed, is converted, and is discharged after up to standard, and the hot-air to exchange heat through foul smell heat exchange condensers C blasts liquid through Aeration fan 503 Body high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor (201A or 201B or 201X) is liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor (201A or 201B Or 201X) fresh hot-air is provided;
(5) when detecting and controlling system is mounted on the main line admission line of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower (103,206 and 502) When temperature sensor (106,209 and 506) detects that foul smell temperature is greater than 40 degree, detection control apparatus opens foul smell heat exchange condensation Solenoid valve (104,207 and 504) on the admission line of device A, B and C is closed bypass branch solenoid valve (105,208 and 505), Keep the foul smell into mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower (103,206 and 502) first cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C;And when detection control System detection processed be mounted on the main line admission line of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower (103,206 and 502) temperature sensor (106, 209 and when 506) detecting foul smell temperature less than 15 degree, detecting and controlling system closes the air inlet of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C Solenoid valve (104,207 and 504) on pipeline is opened bypass branch solenoid valve (105,208 and 505), does not enter foul smell smelly Gas heat exchange condensers A, B and C cooling, make mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower (103,206 and 502) work in 15 degree ~ 40 degree temperature ranges, both Guarantee deodorizing effect, and the microorganism in mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower (103,206 and 502) is made to be unlikely to suspend mode and death;
(6) the condensed water quilt of heat exchange generation is carried out in foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C containing hot foul smell and cold air The irrigation canals and ditches being discharged into outside poultry house through pipeline are discharged in foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system, including solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system With liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor, boiler combustion smoke gas treatment system and detecting and controlling system;Solid high-temperature Aerobic fermentation system includes 1~M solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor in parallel, M >=1;Solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system Fermentation odor governing system includes foul smell heat exchange condensers A, air-introduced machine and mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system Exhaust outlet connection foul smell heat exchange condensers A foul smell inlet flange, the odor exhaust flange of foul smell heat exchange condensers A is through air inducing Machine and pipeline connect mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, and the air inlet flanged joint atmosphere of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, foul smell heat exchange condense The hot-air exhaust flange of device A is connected to the air inlet for connecing solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system through pipeline;Liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation System includes 1~X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor in parallel, X >=2;Each sensor setting of detecting and controlling system exists In above-mentioned each system, each key parameter is detected, detecting and controlling system is attached control to above system;Its feature exists Sick dead pig is undertaken in multifunctional biomass burning boiler in: the livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system, is burnt away the refuse, agriculture When the incinerated matter that crop material easily blocks the aeration head of liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system, foul smell smoke gas treatment system is adopted respectively With following solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing systems, boiler combustion smoke gas treatment system and liquid high-temperature aerobic Fermentation system fermentation odor governing system:
(1) solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system: mainly include foul smell heat exchange condensers A, air-introduced machine and Mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, the foul smell inlet flange of the exhaust outlet connection foul smell heat exchange condensers A of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system are smelly The input terminal of the odor exhaust flanged joint air-introduced machine of gas heat exchange condensers A, in the foul smell admission line of foul smell heat exchange condensers A On be provided with solenoid valve, and be equipped with bypass branch, foul smell heat exchange condensers A bypass branch is provided with solenoid valve, air-introduced machine Output end connects the air inlet of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, and is equipped with temperature sensing on the main line admission line of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower Device, mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower are provided with biological deodorizing filler, and the air inlet flanged joint atmosphere of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, heat Air exhaust flange is connected to the air inlet for connecing solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system through pipeline;
(2) it boiler combustion smoke gas treatment system: is filtered including scrubbing tower, circulating pump A and circulating pump B, air-introduced machine and biological deodorizing Tower, the smoke outlet of multifunctional biomass burning boiler is through the foul smell air inlet of pipeline connection scrubbing tower, the odor exhaust of scrubbing tower Input terminal of the mouth through pipeline connection air-introduced machine, the output end of air-introduced machine is through the air inlet of pipeline connection mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower;Circulation Pump the input channel connection of A liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor supernatant leakage fluid dram in parallel, the output channel of circulating pump A with The inlet of scrubbing tower is connected, and the leakage fluid dram of scrubbing tower lower part is good by circulating pump B and its pipeline connection liquid high temperature in parallel Aerobe fermentation reactor head inlet, formed circulation loop, while the Drainage pipe of each liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor and Solenoid valve is provided in input duct;
(3) liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor governing system: including foul smell heat exchange condensers C, Aeration fan, air inducing Machine and mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, the foul smell air inlet of the exhaust flange connection foul smell heat exchange condensers C of liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system Flange, the input terminal of the odor exhaust flanged joint air-introduced machine of foul smell heat exchange condensers C, in the foul smell of foul smell heat exchange condensers C It is provided with solenoid valve on admission line, and is equipped with bypass branch, foul smell heat exchange condensers C bypass branch is provided with solenoid valve, draws The air inlet of the output end connection mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower of blower, and temperature is installed on the main line admission line of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower Sensor is spent, mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower is provided with biological deodorizing filler, and the air inlet flanged joint of foul smell heat exchange condensers C is big Gas, air inlet of the hot-air exhaust flange through pipeline connection Aeration fan, the gas outlet connection liquid fermentation reaction of Aeration fan The air inlet of device.
2. livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the top of the scrubbing tower Odor exhaust mouth is set on portion's end cap, inlet is arranged in the tank wall top of scrubbing tower, in the middle part of tank wall setting foul smell into Leakage fluid dram is arranged in port, tank wall lower part, and hanging basket is placed at middle part in tank body, the organic filler placed in hanging basket and/or inorganic Filler forms packing layer, and scrubbing tower inner cavity is divided into feed liquor splitter cavity, packing layer, air cavity and fluid collection chamber from top to bottom, and feed liquor shunts Chamber is located at the top of packing layer, and the lower part of packing layer is air cavity, and fluid collection chamber is located at bottom in tank body;The inlet and feed liquor point Chamber connection is flowed, the foul smell air inlet is connected to air cavity, and the leakage fluid dram is connected to fluid collection chamber;The hanging basket is placed on tank body On the bracket of inner wall, hanging basket is made of porous plate, stand and flow distribution plate, and flow distribution plate is fixed on hanging basket stand upper end, and porous plate is solid It is scheduled on the lower end of stand;The flow distribution plate is dome-shaped porous plate, the periphery of hanging basket or side Rimless;The scrubbing tower The fluid collection chamber of bottom is provided with liquidometer in tank body, and liquidometer controls liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system by detecting and controlling system Circulating pump A and B on Drainage pipe and input duct;The organic filler refer to using leaf, bark, wood sawdust these have Carrier is made in machine waste after being mixed in a certain ratio, and on this carrier inoculation have deodorization functions microorganism, foul smell or The process of organic filler of the flue gas by the surface with microorganism is exactly odorant mass transfer and biodegradable process;It is described Organic filler further include carbonaceous, the inorganic filler includes hollow sphere, Raschig ring, Pall ring and/or cascade ring;Scrubbing tower Washing foul smell source be multifunctional biomass burning boiler burning generate high-temperature flue gas, cleaning solution source is poultry to be fermented Brid guano urinates mixed liquor.
3. a kind of administering method based on livestock and poultry farm foul smell smoke gas treatment system described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: Include:
(1) it burns away the refuse when multifunctional biomass burning boiler undertakes, sick dead pig, stalk easily make liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system When the incinerated matter of the aeration head blocking of system, the method for stench processing system includes the following:
(1) solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administering method: solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system is discharged through exhaust outlet Foul smell it is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, then absorb through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, conversion, it is up to standard after discharge, and exchange heat through foul smell The hot-air of condenser A heat exchange enters solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system through the air inlet of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system, is Solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system provides fresh hot-air;
(2) boiler combustion smoke treating method:
1. the solenoid valve on first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor Drainage pipe, starting are opened in detecting and controlling system control Circulating pump A, will be on the Animal fecal pollution supernatant liquid pump to scrubbing tower be fermented on first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor top Portion's inlet, enters back into the feed liquor splitter cavity in scrubbing tower, and Animal fecal pollution supernatant uniformly flows into scrubbing tower by flow distribution plate Packing layer;
2. detection control apparatus control starting air-introduced machine, the flue gas that the burning of multifunctional biomass burning boiler generates enters washed The foul smell air inlet of tower enters in scrubbing tower, fecaluria supernatant and flue gas come into full contact in scrubbing tower packing layer, exchanged heat, Obversion;
3. the fecaluria washing filtrate after heat exchange, obversion imports in the fluid collection chamber of wash tower bottoms, when the liquidometer inspection in fluid collection chamber Fecaluria washing filtrate is measured when attaining to a high place, detecting and controlling system control open first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor into Solenoid valve on liquid pipe road, while circulating pump B is opened, it is anti-that fecaluria washing filtrate pump is back to first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation Device is answered, fecaluria fluid temperature in first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor is increased;When first liquid high-temperature aerobic is sent out When ferment reactor fecaluria fluid temperature is increased to set temperature, first liquid high-temperature aerobic hair is closed in detecting and controlling system control Second liquid high-temperature aerobic hair is opened in solenoid valve in ferment reactor input duct and Drainage pipe, detecting and controlling system control Solenoid valve on ferment reactor Drainage pipe, fecaluria liquid is pumped through circulating pump A in second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor Enter in scrubbing tower, when the liquidometer in fluid collection chamber detects that fecaluria washing filtrate attains to a high place, detecting and controlling system control is opened The solenoid valve in second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor input duct is opened, while opening circulating pump B, fecaluria is washed and is filtered Liquid pump is back to second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor, makes fecaluria liquid in second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor Temperature increases, and makes up to set temperature;It is set when second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor fecaluria fluid temperature is increased to When determining temperature, detecting and controlling system control is closed on second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor input duct and Drainage pipe Solenoid valve, detecting and controlling system control opens on X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor input duct and Drainage pipe Solenoid valve, fecaluria liquid is pumped into scrubbing tower through circulating pump A in X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor, makes X liquid Fecaluria fluid temperature increases in body high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor;
4. the flue gas after heat exchange, obversion is sent through air-introduced machine to mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower from the exhaust outlet discharge at the top of scrubbing tower, It absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, conversion, is discharged after up to standard;
5. replace the filler in scrubbing tower, scrubbing tower top end cover is opened, takes out hanging basket, the organic filler of taking-up is sent to solid Body high-temperature aerobic fermentation system carries out high-temperature aerobic fermentation, and organic fertilizer is made;
(3) liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administering method: good to the liquid high temperature for reaching set temperature through heat exchange Material carries out high-temperature aerobic fermentation in aerobe fermentation reactor, the foul smell warp that liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor is discharged through exhaust outlet Foul smell heat exchange condensers C is cooling, then absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, conversion, discharges after up to standard, and through foul smell heat exchange condensers C The hot-air of heat exchange blasts liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor through Aeration fan, provides for liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor Fresh hot-air;
(2) when the temperature sensor on the main line admission line that detecting and controlling system is mounted on mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower detect it is smelly When temperature degree is greater than 40 degree, detection control apparatus opens the solenoid valve on the admission line of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C, closes Bypass branch solenoid valve is closed, keeps the foul smell into mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower first cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C;And when inspection The temperature sensor that observing and controlling system detection is mounted on the main line admission line of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower detects that foul smell temperature is small When 15 degree, detecting and controlling system closes the solenoid valve on the admission line of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C, opens bypass branch Way solenoid valve makes foul smell not enter foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C cooling, makes mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower 15 degree ~ 40 degree humidity provinces Between work, not only guarantee deodorizing effect, but also the microorganism in mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower is made to be unlikely to suspend mode and death;
(3) condensed water of heat exchange generation is carried out in foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C containing hot foul smell and cold air by foul smell The irrigation canals and ditches being discharged into outside poultry house through pipeline are discharged in heat exchange condensers A, B and C.
4. administering method according to claim 3, which is characterized in that it is therein another kind specific method include:
(1) solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system odor control method: solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system is discharged smelly through exhaust outlet Gas is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, then absorbs through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, conversion, discharges after up to standard, and exchanges heat and condense through foul smell The hot-air of device A heat exchange enters solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system through the air inlet of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system, is solid High-temperature aerobic fermentation system provides fresh hot-air;
(2) boiler combustion smoke treating method:
1. the solenoid valve on first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor Drainage pipe, starting are opened in detection control apparatus control Circulating pump A, will be on the Animal fecal pollution supernatant liquid pump to scrubbing tower be fermented on first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor top Portion's inlet, enters back into the feed liquor splitter cavity in scrubbing tower, and Animal fecal pollution supernatant uniformly flows into washing by hanging basket flow distribution plate Packing layer in tower;
2. detection control apparatus control starting air-introduced machine, the flue gas that the burning of multifunctional biomass burning boiler generates enters washed The foul smell air inlet of tower enters in scrubbing tower, fecaluria supernatant and flue gas come into full contact in scrubbing tower packing layer, exchanged heat, Obversion;
3. the fecaluria washing filtrate after heat exchange, obversion imports in the fluid collection chamber of wash tower bottoms, when the liquidometer inspection in fluid collection chamber Fecaluria washing filtrate is measured when attaining to a high place, first liquid high-temperature aerobic reactor inlet tube is opened in detecting and controlling system control Solenoid valve on road, while the circulating pump B in input duct is opened, it is good that fecaluria washing filtrate pump is back to first liquid high temperature Aerobe fermentation reactor increases fecaluria fluid temperature in first liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor;When first liquid height When fecaluria fluid temperature is increased to set temperature in warm aerobic fermentation reactor, first liquid is closed in detecting and controlling system control Second liquid is opened in solenoid valve in high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor input duct and Drainage pipe, detecting and controlling system control Solenoid valve in high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor input duct and Drainage pipe, in second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor Fecaluria liquid is pumped into scrubbing tower through circulating pump A, when the liquidometer in fluid collection chamber detects that fecaluria washing filtrate attains to a high place, The solenoid valve in second liquid high-temperature aerobic reactor input duct is opened in detecting and controlling system control, while opening circulating pump Fecaluria washing filtrate pump is back to second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor, keeps second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation anti-by B It answers fecaluria fluid temperature in device to increase, makes up to set temperature;When second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor fecaluria liquid When temperature is increased to set temperature, second liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor inlet tube is closed in detecting and controlling system control X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor inlet tube is opened in solenoid valve on road and Drainage pipe, detecting and controlling system control Solenoid valve on road and Drainage pipe, fecaluria liquid is pumped into washing through circulating pump A in X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor In tower, increase fecaluria fluid temperature in X liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation reactor;
4. the flue gas after heat exchange, obversion is sent through air-introduced machine to mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, warp from the exhaust outlet discharge at the top of scrubbing tower Mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower is absorbed, is converted, and is discharged after up to standard;
5. replace the filler in scrubbing tower, scrubbing tower top end cover is opened, takes out hanging basket, the organic filler of taking-up is sent to solid Body high-temperature aerobic fermentation system carries out high-temperature aerobic fermentation, and organic fertilizer is made;
(3) liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system fermentation odor administering method: good to the liquid high temperature for reaching set temperature through heat exchange Material carries out high-temperature aerobic fermentation reaction in aerobe fermentation reactor, and the foul smell being discharged through exhaust outlet is cold through foul smell heat exchange condensers C But it, then through mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower absorbs, conversion, is discharged after up to standard, and the hot-air through foul smell heat exchange condensers C heat exchange is through being aerated Blower blasts liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system, provides fresh hot-air for liquid high-temperature aerobic fermentation system.
5. administering method according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: in the detecting and controlling system, be mounted on biology When temperature sensor on the main line admission line of deodorization filter tower detects that foul smell temperature is greater than 40 degree, detecting and controlling system is opened Solenoid valve on the admission line of foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C closes bypass branch solenoid valve, makes to enter biological deodorizing filter The foul smell of tower is cooling through foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C;And when detecting and controlling system detection is mounted on the dry of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower When temperature sensor on the admission line of road detects foul smell temperature less than 15 degree, detecting and controlling system closes foul smell heat exchange condensation Solenoid valve on the admission line of device A, B and C opens bypass branch solenoid valve, foul smell is made not enter foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B Cool down with C, so that mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower is worked in 15 degree ~ 40 degree temperature ranges, not only guarantee deodorizing effect, but also make mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower In microorganism be unlikely to suspend mode and death;Heat exchange is carried out in foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C containing hot foul smell and cold air The condensed water of generation is discharged by foul smell heat exchange condensers A, B and C and is discharged into outdoor irrigation canals and ditches through pipeline;Detecting and controlling system is included in It is provided with liquidometer in scrubbing tower fluid collection chamber and temperature sensor is installed on the main line admission line of mixed culture biological deodorizing filter tower, Liquidometer, temperature sensor output connecting detection control device signal input part, and detecting and controlling system output control Signal connects each solenoid valve, valve and circulating pump are adjusted in three energizations.
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