CN106171211A - A kind of ring-type fertilizer applicator of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering - Google Patents

A kind of ring-type fertilizer applicator of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106171211A
CN106171211A CN201610723873.4A CN201610723873A CN106171211A CN 106171211 A CN106171211 A CN 106171211A CN 201610723873 A CN201610723873 A CN 201610723873A CN 106171211 A CN106171211 A CN 106171211A
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
quantitative
micro machine
taper
dish
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Granted
Application number
CN201610723873.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106171211B (en
Inventor
焦永鸽
任珂成
卜令铎
张立猛
计思贵
任永明
李淑兰
崔永和
代快
李江舟
乔志新
赵进龙
周文兵
谷星慧
黄智华
孟玉芳
杨海林
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Yuxi Qike Biological Prevention And Control Technology Development Co Ltd
YUNAN TOBACCO Co YUXI BRANCH
Original Assignee
Yuxi Qike Biological Prevention And Control Technology Development Co Ltd
YUNAN TOBACCO Co YUXI BRANCH
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Application filed by Yuxi Qike Biological Prevention And Control Technology Development Co Ltd, YUNAN TOBACCO Co YUXI BRANCH filed Critical Yuxi Qike Biological Prevention And Control Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610723873.4A priority Critical patent/CN106171211B/en
Publication of CN106171211A publication Critical patent/CN106171211A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106171211B publication Critical patent/CN106171211B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C15/00Fertiliser distributors
    • A01C15/06Fertiliser distributors with distributing slots, e.g. adjustable openings for dosing

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of ring-type fertilizer applicator of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering, belong to agricultural mechanical equipment field, the quantitative axle of the present invention coordinates with quantitative seat under the driving of micro machine and carries out rationed by the granular chemical fertilizer in fertilizer bucket, different growing stage in tobacco seedlings, dose can also be adjusted by quantitative adjustment sheet, granular chemical fertilizer after rationed enters into taper along tremie pipe and spreads in dish, taper is spread dish and granular chemical fertilizer spreads under rotary action cyclization shape is fallen around the seedling of the pool, cave, play ring-type fertilization effect, ensure that the root system of tobacco seedlings can grow downwards, simultaneously, also achieve the fertilising of the electrically metering to every strain tobacco seedlings, manual labor intensity is greatly reduced, improve fertilising efficiency;During fertilising, cover taper also by cone-shaped hood and spread dish, prevent chemical fertilizer surrounding from dispersing, cause the waste of chemical fertilizer;Present configuration is simple, it is simple to carry, practical, is effectively increased fertilising efficiency.

Description

A kind of ring-type fertilizer applicator of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural mechanical equipment field, specifically, relate to a kind of ring-type fertilising of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering Device.
Background technology
Crop can lack various nutrient in growth course, crops can only be made to obtain enough battalion by fertilising Support, thus improve quality and the yield of crops.
Particularly at the transplanting initial stage of flue-cured tobacco tobacco seedlings, need tobacco seedlings is applied fertilizer.At present, typically all manually carry out Fertilising, due to flue-cured tobacco be typically all several mu of ground, tens mu of ground even become the implant mass on hundred mu of ground, according to artificially applying fertilizer, Not only can not complete to transplant the fertilising of tobacco seedlings at the initial stage of transplanting, fertilising efficiency is the lowest;Further, artificially applying fertilizer labor intensity Greatly, need to expend substantial amounts of manual labor;Meanwhile, artificially applying fertilizer can not accurate assurance dose, be typically all by experience to come Controlling dose, same person is the most in the same time, or because the change that all may cause dose tired out, and different people is controlled The dose of system has bigger difference especially, is easily caused tobacco seedlings and occurs burning root or the appearance of underfed situation.
Although, some fertilizer applicators currently also occur, also improves fertilising efficiency to a certain extent, but, use at present Fertilizer applicator otherwise structure is too simple, can only simply replace artificially applying fertilizer, it is impossible to control the amount of fertilising;Structure is the most complicated, Weight is big, and the most not readily portable, also in the control of dose, it is the most inconvenient to operate;Meanwhile, all can only be to by fertilizer during fertilising Material is concentrated and is discharged, it is impossible to by the surrounding being sprinkled upon tobacco seedlings circlewise of fertilizer, owing to the growth of plant has to fertilizer, if only by fertilizer A direction in tobacco seedlings executed by material, and the root system of tobacco seedlings easily towards there being a direction growth, has a strong impact on outside tobacco plant opposing The impact of boundary's environment, particularly in the summer that rainwater is more and wind-force is stronger, usually there is the situation of lodging in tobacco plant, thus The serious quality affecting flue-cured tobacco and yield.
Therefore, it is necessary to propose a kind of easy to operate, the flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering of modern agricultural production demand can be met Ring-type fertilizer applicator.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome problem present in background technology, the invention provides a kind of ring-type fertilising of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering Device, quantitative axle coordinates with quantitative seat under the driving of micro machine and carries out rationed by the granular chemical fertilizer in fertilizer bucket, in tobacco seedlings Different growing stage, by quantitative adjustment sheet adjust dose, rationed after granular chemical fertilizer enter into cone along tremie pipe Shape is spread in dish, and taper is spread dish and granular chemical fertilizer spreads under rotation process cyclization shape fallen around the seedling of the pool, cave, solves artificial Labor of fertilizer application intensity is big, efficiency is low, the problem of unevenness of application.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The described ring-type fertilizer applicator of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering includes fertilizer bucket 1, quantitative seat 2, micro machine I 3, quantitative axle 4, quantitatively Dish 13, micro machine II are spread in adjustment sheet 5, regulation bolt 6, lithium battery 7, lid 8, tremie pipe 9, handle 11, cone-shaped hood 12, taper 14, the top of described fertilizer bucket 1 is provided with fertilizer import 15, and the bottom of fertilizer bucket 1 offers fertilizer outlet 16, fertilizer outlet The lower section of 16 is provided with quantitative seat 2, and the top of quantitative seat 2 offers aperture I 17, and the fertilizer bottom aperture I 17 and fertilizer bucket 1 goes out Mouth 16 is corresponding, and the bottom of quantitative seat 2 offers aperture II 18, and the aperture II 18 of quantitative seat 2 is symmetrical arranged with aperture I 17, fixed The middle part of amount seat 2 is provided with axle center circular hole 20, is provided with quantitative axle 4 in axle center circular hole 20, quantitative axle 4 be fixedly mounted on quantitatively Micro machine I 3 on seat 2 outer walls connects, and micro machine I 3 is connected with lithium battery 7, and micro machine I 3 is positioned at lid 8 with lithium battery 7, Offer square groove 19 on the circumferencial direction of described quantitative axle 4, be provided with quantitative adjustment sheet 5 in square groove 19, on quantitative adjustment sheet 5 Being provided with regulation bolt 6, the aperture II 18 of quantitative seat 2 is connected with tremie pipe 9, and the discharge end of tremie pipe 9 is provided with cone-shaped hood 12, cone Being provided with the taper connected with tremie pipe 9 in shape cover 12 and spread dish 13, taper is spread dish 13 and is connected with micro machine II 14, micro machine II 14 It is connected with lithium battery 7, the outer wall of described tremie pipe 9 is provided with handle 11.
As preferably, the top of described handle 11 is provided with switch 10, described switch 10 and micro machine I 3, micro machine II 14 electrical connections.
As preferably, described taper is spread and is provided with catch 21 on the outer wall of dish 13 uniformly.
As preferably, described fertilizer bucket 1 is provided with two braces 22.
As preferably, the circumferencial direction of described quantitative axle 4 offers at least two square groove 19 uniformly.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1, the quantitative axle of the present invention coordinates with quantitative seat under the driving of micro machine and is carried out quantitatively by the granular chemical fertilizer in fertilizer bucket Distribution, at the different growing stage of tobacco seedlings, it is also possible to by quantitative adjustment sheet adjust dose, rationed after granular chemical fertilizer Entering into taper along tremie pipe and spread in dish, taper is spread dish and granular chemical fertilizer spreads under rotation process cyclization shape is fallen at the pool, cave seedling Around, play ring-type fertilization effect, it is ensured that the root system of tobacco seedlings can grow downwards, meanwhile, also achieve the electricity to every strain tobacco seedlings Dynamic quantitative fertilization, greatly reduces manual labor's intensity, improves fertilising efficiency.
2, the present invention is during fertilising, can cover taper by cone-shaped hood and spread dish, prevent chemical fertilizer surrounding from dispersing, causing Fertile waste.
3, present configuration is simple, it is simple to carry, practical, is effectively increased fertilising efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is present configuration schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the quantitative seat of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the quantitative axle of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that dish is spread in taper of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of fertilizer bucket of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the quantitative axle of the present invention, quantitative adjustment sheet, the assembled shaft mapping of regulation bolt;
Fig. 7 is the quantitative axle of the present invention, quantitative adjustment sheet, the assembling plan view of regulation bolt;
Fig. 8 is that the A-A of Fig. 7 is to sectional view.
In figure, the quantitative seat of 1-fertilizer bucket, 2-, 3-micro machine I, the quantitative axle of 4-, the quantitative adjustment sheet of 5-, 6-regulate bolt, 7- Dish, 14-micro machine II, 15-are spread in lithium battery, 8-lid, 9-tremie pipe, 10-switch, 11-handle, 12-cone-shaped hood, 13-taper Fertilizer import, 16-fertilizer outlet, 17-aperture I, 18-aperture II, 19-square groove, 20-axle center circular hole, 21-catch, 22-braces.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect clearer, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, to the present invention Preferred embodiment be described in detail, to facilitate the technical staff to understand.
Embodiment 1
As Figure 1-4, the described ring-type fertilizer applicator of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering include fertilizer bucket 1, quantitative seat 2, micro machine I 3, Quantitatively dish is spread in axle 4, quantitative adjustment sheet 5, regulation bolt 6, lithium battery 7, lid 8, tremie pipe 9, handle 11, cone-shaped hood 12, taper 13, micro machine II 14, the top of described fertilizer bucket 1 is provided with fertilizer import 15, and the bottom of fertilizer bucket 1 offers fertilizer outlet 16, the lower section of fertilizer outlet 16 is provided with quantitative seat 2, and the top of quantitative seat 2 offers aperture I 17, aperture I 17 and fertilizer bucket 1 The fertilizer outlet 16 of bottom is corresponding, after granulated fertilizer being put in fertilizer bucket 1, and the aperture I offered due to the top of quantitative seat 2 17 is corresponding with the fertilizer outlet 16 bottom fertilizer bucket 1, when ring-type fertilizer applicator in the course of the work, the granular fertilizer in fertilizer bucket 1 Material can flow out from fertilizer outlet 16, aperture I 17 smoothly, it is to avoid causes granule because fertilizer outlet 16 is the most corresponding with aperture I 17 Fertilizer discharging is not smooth, affects fertilization effect and fertilising efficiency.Quantitatively the bottom of seat 2 offers aperture II 18, the aperture of quantitative seat 2 II 18 are symmetrical arranged with aperture I 17, and the middle part of quantitative seat 2 is provided with axle center circular hole 20, are provided with quantitative axle in axle center circular hole 20 4, quantitative axle 4 is connected with the micro machine I 3 being fixedly mounted on quantitative seat 2 outer wall, and micro machine I 3 is connected with lithium battery 7, and micro-electricity Machine I 3 and lithium battery 7 are positioned at lid 8, and the circumferencial direction of described quantitative axle 4 offers square groove 19, described quantitative axle 4 Circumferencial direction on symmetrical offer at least two square groove 19, be provided with quantitative adjustment sheet 5 in square groove 19, on quantitative adjustment sheet 5 Being provided with regulation bolt 6, micro machine I 3 drives quantitative axle 4 to rotate, when the square groove 19 of quantitative axle 4 forwards the lower section in aperture I 17 to, from The granulated fertilizer flowed out in fertilizer bucket 1 enters in square groove 19 through fertilizer outlet 16, aperture I 17;Needing adjustment square groove 19 During fertilizer containing quantity, can regulation bolt 6 on positive rotation or the quantitative adjustment sheet of derotation 5, it is fixed to be pulled by regulation bolt 6 or promoted Amount adjustment sheet 5, it is achieved the adjustment of square groove 19 volume size, it is achieved at the different growing stage of tobacco seedlings, the quantitative adjusting of dose, While guaranteeing tobacco seedlings dose, it is to avoid the phenomenon that fertilizer applies too much to cause tobacco seedlings to burn root or fertilizer waste occurs, simultaneously Square groove 19 no less than two is set and further increases fertilising efficiency.Quantitatively the aperture II 18 of seat 2 is connected with tremie pipe 9, under Material pipe 9 discharge end is provided with cone-shaped hood 12, is provided with the taper connected with tremie pipe 9 and spreads dish 13 in cone-shaped hood 12, and dish is spread in taper 13 are connected with micro machine II 14, and micro machine II 14 is connected with lithium battery 7, after micro machine I 3 drives quantitative axle 4 to rotate 180 °, and dress The square groove 19 having granulated fertilizer rotates the top to quantitative seat 2 bottom port II 18, and the granulated fertilizer in square groove 19 is by aperture II 18 drop out, and are exported to taper by tremie pipe 9 and spread dish 13, and micro machine II 14 drives taper to spread dish 13 and rotates, and is derived by tremie pipe 9 Granulated fertilizer spread cyclization shape and fall around the seedling of the pool, cave;Due to, described taper is spread and is provided with uniformly on dish 13 outer wall Catch 21, catch 21 can promote to flow out granulated fertilizer from tremie pipe 9 and scatter uniformly, it is achieved granulated fertilizer uniform distribution, Ensure that granulated fertilizer scatters uniformly around the seedling of the pool, cave, play uniform ring-type fertilization effect;During fertilising, taper Cover 12 covers taper and spreads dish 13, can prevent fertilizer surrounding from dispersing, cause the waste of fertilizer.Set on the outer wall of described tremie pipe 9 It is equipped with handle 11, in fertilising process, the taper of tremie pipe 9 discharge end can be held by handle 11 and spread dish 13, make taper spread dish 13 Near tobacco seedlings plant, make fertilizer scatter around the seedling of the pool, cave as far as possible, it also avoid fertilising personnel and bend over tobacco seedlings is executed Fertilizer, alleviates the feeling of fatigue of fertilising personnel.
The work process of the present embodiment:
Move to ring-type for flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering fertilizer applicator need by fertilising seedling, and granular chemical fertilizer filled in fertilizer bucket 1, Hand-held handle 11, the granular chemical fertilizer in fertilizer bucket 1 falls in the aperture I 17 of quantitative seat 2, starts micro machine I 3 and micro machine II 14, micro machine I 3 drives quantitative axle 4 to rotate, when the square groove 19 on quantitative axle 4 rotates just aperture I 17 to quantitative seat 2, and chemical fertilizer Fall in square groove 19, when quantitative axle 4 continues rotation turnback to aperture II 18 of quantitative seat 2, chemical fertilizer from aperture II 18 drop out through Material pipe 9 is fallen taper and is spread on dish 13, and micro machine II 14 drives taper broadcast application dish 13 to rotate, and 13, taper broadcast application dish has catch 21, granular chemical fertilizer is spread cyclization shape and falls around the seedling of the pool, cave, play ring-type fertilization effect.
Embodiment 2
As Figure 1-4, the described ring-type fertilizer applicator of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering include fertilizer bucket 1, quantitative seat 2, micro machine I 3, Quantitatively dish is spread in axle 4, quantitative adjustment sheet 5, regulation bolt 6, lithium battery 7, lid 8, tremie pipe 9, handle 11, cone-shaped hood 12, taper 13, micro machine II 14, described fertilizer bucket 1 is provided with two braces 22, is carried on the back fertilizer bucket 1 at shoulder by two braces 22 On, both it was easy to fertilizer bucket 1 carrying in fertilising process, it is also possible to alleviate the labor intensity of fertilising personnel, improve ring-type fertilizer applicator Practicality and fertilising efficiency;The top of described fertilizer bucket 1 is provided with fertilizer import 15, and the bottom of fertilizer bucket 1 offers Fertilizer outlet 16, the lower section of fertilizer outlet 16 is provided with quantitative seat 2, and the top of quantitative seat 2 offers aperture I 17, aperture I 17 with Fertilizer outlet 16 bottom fertilizer bucket 1 is corresponding, after being put into by granulated fertilizer in fertilizer bucket 1, owing to the top of quantitative seat 2 is offered Aperture I 17 corresponding with the fertilizer outlet 16 bottom fertilizer bucket 1, when ring-type fertilizer applicator in the course of the work, in fertilizer bucket 1 Granulated fertilizer can flow out from fertilizer outlet 16, aperture I 17 smoothly, it is to avoid leads because fertilizer outlet 16 is the most corresponding with aperture I 17 Cause granulated fertilizer discharging not smooth, affect fertilization effect and fertilising efficiency.Quantitatively the bottom of seat 2 offers aperture II 18, quantitative seat 2 Aperture II 18 be symmetrical arranged with aperture I 17, the middle part of quantitative seat 2 is provided with axle center circular hole 20, is provided with in axle center circular hole 20 Quantitatively axle 4, quantitative axle 4 is connected with the micro machine I 3 being fixedly mounted on quantitative seat 2 outer wall, and micro machine I 3 is connected with lithium battery 7, And micro machine I 3 is positioned at lid 8 with lithium battery 7, the circumferencial direction of described quantitative axle 4 offering square groove 19, described determines Symmetrical on the circumferencial direction of amount axle 4 offer at least two square groove 19, be provided with quantitative adjustment sheet 5 in square groove 19, quantitatively regulate Sheet 5 is provided with regulation bolt 6, and micro machine I 3 drives quantitative axle 4 to rotate, when the square groove 19 of quantitative axle 4 forwards the lower section in aperture I 17 to Time, the granulated fertilizer flowed out in fertilizer bucket 1 enters in square groove 19 through fertilizer outlet 16, aperture I 17;Square groove is adjusted at needs 19 fertilizer containing quantity time, can regulation bolt 6 on positive rotation or the quantitative adjustment sheet of derotation 5, pull by regulation bolt 6 or push away Dynamic quantitative adjustment sheet 5, it is achieved the adjustment of square groove 19 volume size, it is achieved at the different growing stage of tobacco seedlings, dose quantitative Adjust, while guaranteeing tobacco seedlings dose, it is to avoid the phenomenon that fertilizer applies too much to cause tobacco seedlings to burn root or fertilizer waste occurs, Square groove 19 no less than two is set simultaneously and further increases fertilising efficiency.Quantitatively the aperture II 18 of seat 2 is with tremie pipe 9 even Connecing, tremie pipe 9 discharge end is provided with cone-shaped hood 12, is provided with the taper connected with tremie pipe 9 and spreads dish 13, taper in cone-shaped hood 12 Spreading dish 13 to be connected with micro machine II 14, micro machine II 14 is connected with lithium battery 7, when micro machine I 3 drives quantitative axle 4 to rotate 180 ° After, the square groove 19 equipped with granulated fertilizer rotates the top to quantitative seat 2 bottom port II 18, and the granulated fertilizer in square groove 19 is by hole Mouthfuls II 18 drop out, and are exported to taper by tremie pipe 9 and spread dish 13, and micro machine II 14 drives taper to spread dish 13 and rotates, by tremie pipe 9 The granulated fertilizer derived spreads cyclization shape and falls around the seedling of the pool, cave;Due to, described taper is spread and is set uniformly on dish 13 outer wall Being equipped with catch 21, catch 21 can promote to flow out granulated fertilizer from tremie pipe 9 and scatter uniformly, it is achieved granulated fertilizer uniformly divides Join, it is ensured that granulated fertilizer scatters uniformly around the seedling of the pool, cave, play uniform ring-type fertilization effect;During fertilising, Cone-shaped hood 12 covers taper and spreads dish 13, can prevent fertilizer surrounding from dispersing, cause the waste of fertilizer.The outer wall of described tremie pipe 9 On be provided with handle 11, in fertilising process, the taper of tremie pipe 9 discharge end can be held by handle 11 and spread dish 13, make taper spread Dish 13, near tobacco seedlings plant, makes fertilizer scatter around the seedling of the pool, cave as far as possible, it also avoid fertilising personnel and bend over to enter tobacco seedlings Row fertilising, alleviates the feeling of fatigue of fertilising personnel.
The work process of the present embodiment:
Granular chemical fertilizer is filled in fertilizer bucket 1, by braces 22, ring-type for flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering fertilizer applicator is carried on the back on people's shoulder, And hand-held handle 11, the granular chemical fertilizer in fertilizer bucket 1 falls in the aperture I 17 of quantitative seat 2, starts micro machine I 3 and micro machine II 14, micro machine I 3 drives quantitative axle 4 to rotate, when the square groove 19 on quantitative axle 4 rotates just aperture I 17 to quantitative seat 2, and chemical fertilizer Fall in square groove 19, when quantitative axle 4 continues rotation turnback to aperture II 18 of quantitative seat 2, chemical fertilizer from aperture II 18 drop out through Material pipe 9 is fallen taper and is spread on dish 13, and micro machine II 14 drives taper broadcast application dish 13 to rotate, and 13, taper broadcast application dish has catch 21, granular chemical fertilizer is spread cyclization shape and falls around the seedling of the pool, cave, play ring-type fertilization effect.
Embodiment 3
As Figure 1-4, the described ring-type fertilizer applicator of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering include fertilizer bucket 1, quantitative seat 2, micro machine I 3, Quantitatively dish is spread in axle 4, quantitative adjustment sheet 5, regulation bolt 6, lithium battery 7, lid 8, tremie pipe 9, handle 11, cone-shaped hood 12, taper 13, micro machine II 14, described fertilizer bucket 1 is provided with two braces 22, is carried on the back fertilizer bucket 1 at shoulder by two braces 22 On, both it was easy to fertilizer bucket 1 carrying in fertilising process, it is also possible to alleviate the labor intensity of fertilising personnel, improve ring-type fertilizer applicator Practicality and fertilising efficiency;The top of described fertilizer bucket 1 is provided with fertilizer import 15, and the bottom of fertilizer bucket 1 offers Fertilizer outlet 16, the lower section of fertilizer outlet 16 is provided with quantitative seat 2, and the top of quantitative seat 2 offers aperture I 17, aperture I 17 with Fertilizer outlet 16 bottom fertilizer bucket 1 is corresponding, after being put into by granulated fertilizer in fertilizer bucket 1, owing to the top of quantitative seat 2 is offered Aperture I 17 corresponding with the fertilizer outlet 16 bottom fertilizer bucket 1, when ring-type fertilizer applicator in the course of the work, in fertilizer bucket 1 Granulated fertilizer can flow out from fertilizer outlet 16, aperture I 17 smoothly, it is to avoid leads because fertilizer outlet 16 is the most corresponding with aperture I 17 Cause granulated fertilizer discharging not smooth, affect fertilization effect and fertilising efficiency.Quantitatively the bottom of seat 2 offers aperture II 18, quantitative seat 2 Aperture II 18 be symmetrical arranged with aperture I 17, the middle part of quantitative seat 2 is provided with axle center circular hole 20, is provided with in axle center circular hole 20 Quantitatively axle 4, quantitative axle 4 is connected with the micro machine I 3 being fixedly mounted on quantitative seat 2 outer wall, and micro machine I 3 is connected with lithium battery 7, And micro machine I 3 is positioned at lid 8 with lithium battery 7, the circumferencial direction of described quantitative axle 4 offering square groove 19, described determines Symmetrical on the circumferencial direction of amount axle 4 offer at least two square groove 19, be provided with quantitative adjustment sheet 5 in square groove 19, quantitatively regulate Sheet 5 is provided with regulation bolt 6, and micro machine I 3 drives quantitative axle 4 to rotate, when the square groove 19 of quantitative axle 4 forwards the lower section in aperture I 17 to Time, the granulated fertilizer flowed out in fertilizer bucket 1 enters in square groove 19 through fertilizer outlet 16, aperture I 17;Square groove is adjusted at needs 19 fertilizer containing quantity time, can regulation bolt 6 on positive rotation or the quantitative adjustment sheet of derotation 5, pull by regulation bolt 6 or push away Dynamic quantitative adjustment sheet 5, it is achieved the adjustment of square groove 19 volume size, it is achieved at the different growing stage of tobacco seedlings, dose quantitative Adjust, while guaranteeing tobacco seedlings dose, it is to avoid the phenomenon that fertilizer applies too much to cause tobacco seedlings to burn root or fertilizer waste occurs, Square groove 19 no less than two is set simultaneously and further increases fertilising efficiency.Quantitatively the aperture II 18 of seat 2 is with tremie pipe 9 even Connecing, tremie pipe 9 discharge end is provided with cone-shaped hood 12, is provided with the taper connected with tremie pipe 9 and spreads dish 13, taper in cone-shaped hood 12 Spreading dish 13 to be connected with micro machine II 14, micro machine II 14 is connected with lithium battery 7, when micro machine I 3 drives quantitative axle 4 to rotate 180 ° After, the square groove 19 equipped with granulated fertilizer rotates the top to quantitative seat 2 bottom port II 18, and the granulated fertilizer in square groove 19 is by hole Mouthfuls II 18 drop out, and are exported to taper by tremie pipe 9 and spread dish 13, and micro machine II 14 drives taper to spread dish 13 and rotates, by tremie pipe 9 The granulated fertilizer derived spreads cyclization shape and falls around the seedling of the pool, cave;Due to, described taper is spread and is set uniformly on dish 13 outer wall Being equipped with catch 21, catch 21 can promote to flow out granulated fertilizer from tremie pipe 9 and scatter uniformly, it is achieved granulated fertilizer uniformly divides Join, it is ensured that granulated fertilizer scatters uniformly around the seedling of the pool, cave, play uniform ring-type fertilization effect;During fertilising, Cone-shaped hood 12 covers taper and spreads dish 13, can prevent fertilizer surrounding from dispersing, cause the waste of fertilizer.The outer wall of described tremie pipe 9 On be provided with handle 11, the top of handle 11 is provided with switch 10, and described switch 10 is electrically connected with micro machine I 3, micro machine II 14 Connect, in fertilising process, the taper of tremie pipe 9 discharge end can be held by handle 11 and spread dish 13, make taper spread dish 13 near tobacco seedlings Plant, makes fertilizer scatter around the seedling of the pool, cave as far as possible, it also avoid fertilising personnel and bends over to apply fertilizer tobacco seedlings, alleviates The feeling of fatigue of fertilising personnel;Meanwhile, the switch 10 of control micro electric machine I 3, micro machine II 14 is arranged on handle 11, it is simple to execute Fertile personnel are control micro electric machine I 3 and micro machine II 14 during fertilising, to realize the economizing type fertilising of tobacco seedlings.
The work process of the present embodiment:
Being filled by granular chemical fertilizer in fertilizer bucket 1, ring-type for flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering fertilizer applicator is carried on the back on people's shoulder by braces 22, and hands Holding handle 11, the granular chemical fertilizer in fertilizer bucket 1 falls in the aperture I 17 of quantitative seat 2, presses switch 10, and micro machine I 3 drives fixed Amount axle 4 rotates, and when the square groove 19 on quantitative axle 4 rotates just aperture I 17 to quantitative seat 2, chemical fertilizer falls in square groove 19, quantitatively When axle 4 continues rotation turnback to aperture II 18 of quantitative seat 2, chemical fertilizer drops out from aperture II 18 to be fallen taper through tremie pipe 9 and spreads dish On 13, micro machine II 14 drives taper broadcast application dish 13 to rotate, and 13, taper broadcast application dish has catch 21, granular chemical fertilizer is spread cyclization Shape falls around the seedling of the pool, cave, plays ring-type fertilization effect;During fertilising, can be by switch 10 control control micro electric machine I 3, the start and stop of micro machine II 14.
The quantitative axle of the present invention coordinate with quantitative seat under the driving of micro machine the granular chemical fertilizer in fertilizer bucket is carried out fixed Amount distribution, at the different growing stage of tobacco seedlings, it is also possible to by quantitative adjustment sheet adjust dose, rationed after granulating Fertile entering into taper along tremie pipe and spread in dish, taper is spread dish and granular chemical fertilizer spreads under rotation process cyclization shape is fallen little on the pool, cave Around Seedling, play ring-type fertilization effect, it is ensured that the root system of tobacco seedlings can grow downwards, also achieve every strain tobacco seedlings meanwhile Electrically metering applies fertilizer, and manual labor intensity is greatly reduced, improves fertilising efficiency;The present invention, during fertilising, can be led to Cross cone-shaped hood to cover taper and spread dish, prevent chemical fertilizer surrounding from dispersing, cause the waste of chemical fertilizer;Present configuration is simple, it is simple to carry, Practical, it is effectively increased fertilising efficiency.
Finally illustrate, preferred embodiment above only in order to technical scheme to be described and unrestricted, although logical Cross above preferred embodiment the present invention to be described in detail, it is to be understood by those skilled in the art that can be And it is variously modified, without departing from claims of the present invention limited range in details in form.

Claims (5)

1. the ring-type fertilizer applicator of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering, it is characterised in that: described flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering is ring-type to be executed Fertile device includes fertilizer bucket (1), quantitative seat (2), micro machine I (3), quantitative axle (4), quantitative adjustment sheet (5), regulation bolt (6), lithium Dish (13), micro machine II (14) are spread in battery (7), lid (8), tremie pipe (9), handle (11), cone-shaped hood (12), taper, described The top of fertilizer bucket (1) be provided with fertilizer import (15), the bottom of fertilizer bucket (1) offers fertilizer outlet (16), and fertilizer goes out The lower section of mouth (16) is provided with quantitative seat (2), and the top of quantitative seat (2) offers aperture I (17), aperture I (17) and fertilizer bucket (1) fertilizer outlet (16) of bottom is corresponding, and the bottom of quantitative seat (2) offers aperture II (18), the aperture II of quantitative seat (2) (18) being symmetrical arranged with aperture I (17), the middle part of quantitative seat (2) is provided with axle center circular hole (20), arranges in axle center circular hole (20) Have quantitative axle (4), quantitative axle (4) to be connected with the micro machine I (3) being fixedly mounted on quantitative seat (2) outer wall, micro machine I (3) with Lithium battery (7) is connected, and micro machine I (3) is positioned at lid (8), the circumferencial direction of described quantitative axle (4) with lithium battery (7) On offer square groove (19), square groove (19) is provided with quantitative adjustment sheet (5), quantitative adjustment sheet (5) is provided with regulation bolt (6), the aperture II (18) of quantitative seat (2) is connected with tremie pipe (9), and the discharge end of tremie pipe (9) is provided with cone-shaped hood (12), cone Being provided with the taper connected with tremie pipe (9) in shape cover (12) and spread dish (13), taper is spread dish (13) and is connected with micro machine II (14), Micro machine II (14) is connected with lithium battery (7), and the outer wall of described tremie pipe (9) is provided with handle (11).
A kind of ring-type fertilizer applicator of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described handle (11) top is provided with switch (10), and described switch (10) electrically connects with micro machine I (3), micro machine II (14).
A kind of ring-type fertilizer applicator of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described taper Spread and on the outer wall of dish (13), be provided with catch (21) uniformly.
A kind of ring-type fertilizer applicator of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described fertilizer It is provided with two braces (22) on bucket (1).
5. according to a kind of ring-type fertilizer applicator of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering described in described claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Quantitative axle (4) circumferencial direction on symmetrical offer at least two square groove (19).
CN201610723873.4A 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 A kind of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering ring-type fertilizer applicator Active CN106171211B (en)

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CN201610723873.4A CN106171211B (en) 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 A kind of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering ring-type fertilizer applicator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610723873.4A CN106171211B (en) 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 A kind of flue-cured tobacco transplanting electrically metering ring-type fertilizer applicator

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CN106171211A true CN106171211A (en) 2016-12-07
CN106171211B CN106171211B (en) 2018-05-08

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110558016A (en) * 2019-10-15 2019-12-13 周焕荣 efficient maize blending fertilizer injection unit
CN112535168A (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-03-23 王明磊 Agricultural seedling is with cyclic annular device that spreads pesticides
CN112703868A (en) * 2021-01-25 2021-04-27 武汉谷劲科技有限公司 Prevent fertilizer injection unit that burns seedling
CN112868346A (en) * 2020-12-26 2021-06-01 华北水利水电大学 Automatic hole-pricking fertilizing mechanism

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US6976441B1 (en) * 2003-05-06 2005-12-20 Speer James W Fertilizer dispensing device
CN2831737Y (en) * 2005-10-09 2006-11-01 兰振 An electric fertilizer applicator
CN201504401U (en) * 2009-06-12 2010-06-16 云南省烟草公司昆明市公司 Machine for furrow management and fertilizer application
CN205431007U (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-08-10 叶菊芬 Electronic fertilizer spreader of backpack
CN205946564U (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-15 云南省烟草公司玉溪市公司 Cyclic annular fertilizer applicator of electronic ration is transplanted to flue -cured tobacco

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6976441B1 (en) * 2003-05-06 2005-12-20 Speer James W Fertilizer dispensing device
CN2831737Y (en) * 2005-10-09 2006-11-01 兰振 An electric fertilizer applicator
CN201504401U (en) * 2009-06-12 2010-06-16 云南省烟草公司昆明市公司 Machine for furrow management and fertilizer application
CN205431007U (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-08-10 叶菊芬 Electronic fertilizer spreader of backpack
CN205946564U (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-15 云南省烟草公司玉溪市公司 Cyclic annular fertilizer applicator of electronic ration is transplanted to flue -cured tobacco

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110558016A (en) * 2019-10-15 2019-12-13 周焕荣 efficient maize blending fertilizer injection unit
CN112535168A (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-03-23 王明磊 Agricultural seedling is with cyclic annular device that spreads pesticides
CN112868346A (en) * 2020-12-26 2021-06-01 华北水利水电大学 Automatic hole-pricking fertilizing mechanism
CN112703868A (en) * 2021-01-25 2021-04-27 武汉谷劲科技有限公司 Prevent fertilizer injection unit that burns seedling

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