CN106150087B - A kind of combined frame column template and its construction method - Google Patents

A kind of combined frame column template and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106150087B
CN106150087B CN201610711774.4A CN201610711774A CN106150087B CN 106150087 B CN106150087 B CN 106150087B CN 201610711774 A CN201610711774 A CN 201610711774A CN 106150087 B CN106150087 B CN 106150087B
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China
Prior art keywords
template
shape
steel
bolt
frame column
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CN201610711774.4A
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CN106150087A (en
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信心
曹诚恩
张本祥
高明
关宏生
高飞
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China Third Metallurgical Group Co Ltd
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China Third Metallurgical Group Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G13/00Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills
    • E04G13/02Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills for columns or like pillars; Special tying or clamping means therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of combined frame column template and its construction methods, including half template of L shape, support device, connection bolt, operating platform, guard rail, split bolt, half template of L shape is 2 and is applied in combination, between be fixedly connected, reinforced with split bolt by connecting bolt, support device one end is fixed in half template of L shape, one end is fixed on ground or building storey flooring on, operating platform, guard rail be arranged in by 2 half template groups of L shape at framed column template upper end.The beneficial effect is that: easy construction, attaching/detaching progress is fast, and work efficiency is high, and the rigidity of template is high, stability is good, can solve swollen modulus problem, reduce engineering cost, improve construction quality.

Description

A kind of combined frame column template and its construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to building engineering structure technical field of construction, more particularly to a kind of combined frame column template and its Construction method.
Background technique
In building construction process, frame column construction is a highly important process, especially large-scale, skyscraper, Frame column construction seems even more important.Currently, during the framed column template of building engineering structure construction stage installs, usually It is installed using artificial assembled fritter plank sheathing or steel form, needs four faces of preassembling, large labor intensity, high labor cost, peace Dress with to remove speed slow, and repeatedly pacify that tear the number of turnover open low;Horizontally-supported to cannot be adjusted with diagonal brace length, centering is inconvenient;It is general Logical diagonal brace needs to support 3 faces or 4 faces, equally exists large labor intensity, and high labor cost is installed and removes slow-footed ask Topic;Anchorage generally uses the method sliced off after embedded bar head demoulding, construction trouble.And this common method is not easy to guarantee The rigidity and stability of template, it cannot be guaranteed that the verticality on concrete surface, flatness, easily occur swollen mould phenomenon.
Summary of the invention
To overcome the shortcomings of the existing technology, the present invention provides a kind of combined frame column template and its construction method, construction Simplicity, attaching/detaching progress is fast, and work efficiency is high, and the rigidity of template is high, stability is good, can solve swollen modulus problem, reduce engineering Cost improves construction quality.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is implemented with the following technical solutions:
A kind of combined frame column template, including half template of L shape, support device, connection bolt, operating platform, protective fence Bar, split bolt, which is characterized in that half template of L shape is 2 and is applied in combination, between be fixedly connected, use by connection bolt Split bolt reinforce, support device one end is fixed in half template of L shape, one end is fixed on ground or building storey flooring on, operation Platform, guard rail be arranged in by 2 half template groups of L shape at framed column template upper end.
Half template of L shape is combined wooden flute, glued board, angle steel, steel plate and is formed by channel steel, I shape, and wherein channel steel is 2 back Main stupefied, equidistant slot equipped with several perforations on channel steel is constituted against being mutually welded and fixed across a certain distance by angle steel, 2 groups Main stupefied be connected with by steel plate constitutes L-shaped groove steelframe;I shape combine wooden flute be it is N number of, one end is solid by U bolt and channel steel The fixed, other end is fixed by wood screw and glued board.
The support device is connected by steel channel connector, oblique interior telescopic rod, length adjustment device, oblique external extension bar, anchorage Part, fixing bolt, buried spring, external extension bar, interior telescopic rod composition, wherein tiltedly in telescopic rod one end by steel channel connector with Channel steel is hinged, one end is connect by length adjustment device with oblique external extension bar, and the oblique external extension bar other end and anchorage connector are cut with scissors It connects;Anchorage connector is fixedly connected by fixing bolt with the buried spring being embedded on ground or building storey flooring in advance;Outside Telescopic rod one end and anchorage connector are hinged, the other end is connect by length adjustment device with interior telescopic rod, and interior telescopic rod is another End is hinged by steel channel connector and channel steel.
A kind of combined frame column template construction method, which is characterized in that including following construction procedure:
1) according to the quasi- frame column construction drawing design framed column template size poured, wherein height H is that building storey is high-minimum Deck-molding+200mm, width B are maximum cross-section frame column width+200mm, and calculate number (spacing), the L shape of I shape combination wooden flute The number (spacing) of U-steel frame, selection simultaneously assemble 2 half templates of L shape of production.
2) after the binding of frame column steel reinforcement cage finishes self-test and reports supervision companies' acceptance(check), by complete 2 L shapes Half template connection bolt, which temporarily connects, to be pre-fixed together, and framed column template is constituted.
3) in the hole of framed column template lower post angle 4 diameter 8mm of patch inner edge brill, it is inserted into steel bar end.
4) framed column template lifting is packed into frame column steel reinforcement cage by tower crane, locking connection bolt makes frame column mould It is close to the steel bar end being previously inserted in plate lower part.
5) anchorage connector appropriate position is selected, is drilled with electric drill, buried spring is embedded in hole, it will with fixing bolt Buried connector is fixed.
6) by support device one end by steel channel connector and channel steel on framed column template hingedly, the other end and anchorage connect Part is hinged.
7) distance and oblique interior telescopic rod, oblique external extension between interior telescopic rod, external extension bar are adjusted by length adjustment device Distance between bar, to adjust the verticality of framed column template.
8) split bolt is put on into PVC plastic pipe, framed column template is reinforced respectively from lateral, longitudinal.
9) it self-test and can be poured after reporting supervision companies' acceptance(check).
10) after concrete reaches some strength, support device is first removed, then removes split bolt and connection bolt for frame column Template opening is divided into 2 half templates of L shape, and finally 2 half templates of L shape are hung oneself from the frame column poured respectively using tower crane Out.
11) mortar on glued board, brushing template curing fluid are removed, in case subsequent region or next floor use.
12) above step is repeated, the concrete placings of subsequent region or next floor frame column are completed, until completing all floors The concrete placings of frame column.
13) half template of L shape is disassembled into components, storage is in case next engineering uses.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, it efficiently solves the problems, such as that the multiple assembling and disassembling of common templates causes the number of turnover low, greatly reduces material Cost.
2, common templates large labor intensity is efficiently solved, the problem of high labor cost.
3, it is poor to efficiently solve the small stability of common templates rigidity, leads to the problem of construction quality difference.
4, the support device of scalable adjustment and the buried connecting screw that can be used in turn greatly facilitate construction.
5, the invention framed column template is applicable to the frame column of various sections and height, and applicability is extremely strong.
6, the invention framed column template can be lifted using tower crane, and when installation respectively hangs primary when removing, and be efficiently solved general The logical slow-footed problem of template construction.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is sectional elevation structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is cross section structure schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the planar structure schematic diagram when present invention dismantles at L-shaped half template.
In figure: half template 11- channel steel 111- slot 12-I shape of 1-L shape combines wooden flute 13- glued board 14- angle steel 15- steel plate 2- support device 21- steel channel connector 22- tiltedly in the oblique external extension bar of telescopic rod 23- length adjustment device 24 Telescopic rod 3- connection bolt 4- is grasped in the buried spring 28- external extension bar 29- of connector 26- fixing bolt 27- of the anchorage 25- Make platform 5- guard rail 6- split bolt
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiments of the present invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawing:
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, a kind of combined frame column template of the present invention, including half template 1 of L shape, support dress 2, connection bolt 3, operating platform 4, guard rail 5, split bolt 6 are set, half template 1 of L shape is 2 and is applied in combination, between It is fixedly connected by connecting bolt 3, reinforces composition framed column template with split bolt 6,2 one end of support device is fixed on L shape half In template 1, one end be fixed on ground or building storey flooring, operating platform 4, guard rail 5 be arranged by 2 half templates 1 of L shape The upper end of the framed column template of composition facilitates construction personnel's pour concrete to construct, it is ensured that construction safety.
Half template 1 of L shape combines wooden flute 12, glued board 13, angle steel 14, steel plate 15 by channel steel 11, I shape and forms, wherein Channel steel 11 be 2 facing away from mutually across a certain distance by angle steel 14 be welded and fixed composition master it is stupefied, it is equidistant on channel steel 11 to be equipped with The slot (adjustable to adapt to different trestle template width B) of several perforations, 2 groups of masters are stupefied (to be provided with and is matched with channel steel by steel plate Slot) 15 be connected with constitute L-shaped groove steelframe;I shape combine wooden flute 12 be it is N number of, one end is solid by U bolt and channel steel 11 The fixed, other end is fixed by wood screw and glued board 13.
The support device 2 by steel channel connector 21, tiltedly in telescopic rod 22, length adjustment device 23, oblique external extension bar 24, Anchorage connector 25, fixing bolt 26, buried spring 27, external extension bar 28, interior telescopic rod 29 form, wherein telescopic rod 22 in tiltedly By steel channel connector 21 and channel steel 11, hinged, one end passes through length adjustment device 23 and connect with oblique external extension bar 24 for one end, tiltedly 24 other end of external extension bar and anchorage connector 25 are hinged;Anchorage connector 25 is embedded in ground by fixing bolt 26 and in advance Or the buried spring 27 on building storey flooring is fixedly connected;28 one end of external extension bar and anchorage connector 25 are hinged, the other end is logical It crosses length adjustment device 23 to connect with interior telescopic rod 29, interior 29 other end of telescopic rod is cut with scissors by steel channel connector 21 and channel steel 11 It connects.
A kind of combined frame column template construction method, which is characterized in that including following construction procedure:
1) according to the quasi- frame column construction drawing design framed column template size poured, wherein height H is that building storey is high-minimum Deck-molding+200mm, width B are maximum cross-section frame column width+200mm, and calculate the number (spacing) of I shape combination wooden flute 12, L The number (spacing) of shape U-steel frame, selection simultaneously assemble 2 half templates 1 of L shape of production.
2) after the binding of frame column steel reinforcement cage finishes self-test and reports supervision companies' acceptance(check), by complete 2 L shapes Half template 1 is pre-fixed together with the temporarily connection of connection bolt 3, constitutes framed column template.
3) in the hole of framed column template lower post angle 4 diameter 8mm of patch inner edge brill, it is inserted into steel bar end, for guaranteeing template The foundation of root size.
4) framed column template lifting is packed into frame column steel reinforcement cage by tower crane, locking connection bolt 3 makes frame column mould The steel bar end being previously inserted is close in plate lower part, guarantees formwork root accuracy of gauge.
5) position for selecting anchorage connector 25 appropriate, is drilled with electric drill, buried spring 27 is embedded in hole, with fixation Bolt 26 fixes buried connector 25.
6) 2 one end of support device is passed through into hinged channel steel 11 in steel channel connector 21 and framed column template, the other end and anchor Earth connection 25 is hinged.
7) by length adjustment device 23 adjust between interior telescopic rod 29, external extension bar 28 distance and tiltedly in telescopic rod 22, Distance between oblique external extension bar 24, to adjust the verticality of framed column template, it is ensured that the verticality and surface smoothness of frame column.
8) split bolt 6 is put on into PVC plastic pipe, framed column template is reinforced respectively from lateral, longitudinal, prevents from pouring Build swollen mould when concrete.
9) it self-test and can be poured after reporting supervision companies' acceptance(check).
10) after concrete reaches some strength, support device 2 is first removed, then removes split bolt 6 and connection bolt 3 for frame Trestle template opening is divided into 2 L shapes, half template 1, finally using tower crane by 2 half templates 1 of L shape respectively from the frame column poured On hang out.
11) mortar on glued board 13, brushing template curing fluid are removed, in case subsequent region or next floor use.
12) above step is repeated, the concrete placings of subsequent region or next floor frame column are completed, until completing all floors The concrete placings of frame column.
13) half template 1 of L shape is disassembled into components, storage is in case next engineering uses.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of combined frame column template, including half template of L shape, support device, connection bolt, operating platform, guard rail, Split bolt, half template of L shape be 2 and be applied in combination, between be fixedly connected, reinforced with split bolt by connection bolt, Support device one end is fixed in half template of L shape, one end is fixed on ground or building storey flooring on, operating platform, guard rail Be arranged in by 2 half template groups of L shape at framed column template upper end;
Half template of L shape is combined wooden flute, glued board, angle steel, steel plate and is formed by channel steel, I shape, and wherein channel steel, which is 2, facing away from Mutually across a certain distance by angle steel be welded and fixed composition lead it is stupefied, equidistant slot equipped with several perforations, 2 groups of masters are stupefied on channel steel It is connected with by steel plate and constitutes L-shaped groove steelframe;I shape combine wooden flute be it is N number of, one end is fixed, separately by U bolt and channel steel One end is fixed by wood screw and glued board;
The support device by steel channel connector, tiltedly in telescopic rod, length adjustment device, oblique external extension bar, anchorage connector, solid Bolt, buried spring, external extension bar, interior telescopic rod composition are determined, wherein telescopic rod one end passes through steel channel connector and channel steel in tiltedly Hingedly, one end is connect by length adjustment device with oblique external extension bar, and the oblique external extension bar other end and anchorage connector are hinged;Anchor Earth connection is fixedly connected by fixing bolt with the buried spring being embedded on ground or building storey flooring in advance;External extension bar One end and anchorage connector are hinged, the other end is connect by length adjustment device with interior telescopic rod, and the interior telescopic rod other end passes through Steel channel connector is hinged with channel steel;
Using the construction method of the combined frame column template, which is characterized in that including following construction procedure:
1) according to the quasi- frame column construction drawing design framed column template size poured, wherein height H is high-minimum deck-molding of building storey + 200mm, width B are maximum cross-section frame column width+200mm, and calculate of the number of I shape combination wooden flute, L-shaped groove steelframe Number, selection simultaneously assemble 2 half templates of L shape of production;
2) after the binding of frame column steel reinforcement cage finishes self-test and reports supervision companies' acceptance(check), by complete 2 L shape half modules Plate connection bolt, which temporarily connects, to be pre-fixed together, and framed column template is constituted;
3) in the hole of framed column template lower post angle 4 diameter 8mm of patch inner edge brill, it is inserted into steel bar end;
4) framed column template lifting is packed into frame column steel reinforcement cage by tower crane, locking connection bolt makes under framed column template It is close to the steel bar end being previously inserted in portion;
5) anchorage connector appropriate position is selected, is drilled with electric drill, buried spring is embedded in hole, it will be buried with fixing bolt Connector is fixed;
6) by support device one end, by channel steel in steel channel connector and framed column template, the hinged, other end and anchorage connector are cut with scissors It connects;
7) by length adjustment device adjust in telescopic rod, between external extension bar distance and tiltedly in telescopic rod, oblique external extension bar it Between distance, to adjust the verticality of framed column template;
8) split bolt is put on into PVC plastic pipe, framed column template is reinforced respectively from lateral, longitudinal;
9) it self-test and can be poured after reporting supervision companies' acceptance(check);
10) after concrete reaches some strength, support device is first removed, then removes split bolt and connection bolt for framed column template Opening is divided into 2 half templates of L shape, is finally hung out 2 half templates of L shape from the frame column poured respectively using tower crane;
11) mortar on glued board, brushing template curing fluid are removed, in case subsequent region or next floor use;
12) above step is repeated, the concrete placings of subsequent region or next floor frame column are completed, until completing all floor frames The concrete placings of column;
13) half template of L shape is disassembled into components, storage is in case next engineering uses.
CN201610711774.4A 2016-08-24 2016-08-24 A kind of combined frame column template and its construction method Active CN106150087B (en)

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CN106948598B (en) * 2017-05-19 2022-09-30 中建一局集团建设发展有限公司 Aluminum alloy formwork system for variable-section rectangular column and construction method thereof
CN107299759A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-10-27 中国五冶集团有限公司 A kind of method that template is adjusted in skyscraper
CN107939042A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-04-20 中匠华湄模板制造有限公司 A kind of construction method of nothing to the adjustable post template concrete of drawing
CN108915153A (en) * 2018-09-19 2018-11-30 三筑工科技有限公司 Assembly concrete superposed column installation method and system
CN112727079A (en) * 2021-01-27 2021-04-30 北京市住宅产业化集团股份有限公司 Protection integrated shaping combined type template and construction method
CN114412021A (en) * 2022-01-24 2022-04-29 安徽富煌钢构股份有限公司 Wallboard assembly for assembly type building and assembly method

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CN201730338U (en) * 2010-08-11 2011-02-02 孔伟兵 Strut for supporting polyphenyl foam formwork walls
CN203924703U (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-11-05 南通市达欣工程股份有限公司 Chamfered edge important actor hat cone plate
CN204163400U (en) * 2014-09-12 2015-02-18 中铁十二局集团有限公司 Subway station variable cross section tie template
CN104278638B (en) * 2014-09-30 2016-06-22 中交二航局第四工程有限公司 Can quickly splice, the tongue and groove template of anti-faulting of slab ends
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