CN106141665B - The automatic assembling machine and assembly method that cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector and oil spout are taken over - Google Patents

The automatic assembling machine and assembly method that cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector and oil spout are taken over Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106141665B
CN106141665B CN201610603734.8A CN201610603734A CN106141665B CN 106141665 B CN106141665 B CN 106141665B CN 201610603734 A CN201610603734 A CN 201610603734A CN 106141665 B CN106141665 B CN 106141665B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fuel injector
oil spout
horizontal
cylinder
cylinder head
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610603734.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106141665A (en
Inventor
张胜文
唐维康
徐军
方喜峰
王凯
Original Assignee
江苏科技大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 江苏科技大学 filed Critical 江苏科技大学
Priority to CN201610603734.8A priority Critical patent/CN106141665B/en
Publication of CN106141665A publication Critical patent/CN106141665A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106141665B publication Critical patent/CN106141665B/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control

Abstract

The automatic assembling machine and assembly method that the present invention discloses a kind of cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector and oil spout is taken over, the top of fuel injector is placed into the first pneumatic chuck, the center line of fuel injector is overlapped with the center line of the mounting hole of oil sprayer of cylinder head, the whelk centerline hole of fuel injector is overlapped with positioning pin center, horizontal servo-electric cylinder working, the whelk centerline hole and positioning pin center of fuel injector are on the same axis;Fuel injector feed mechanism drives fuel injector to press downward in the mounting hole of oil sprayer of cylinder head;Vertical servo electric jar moves downward until the second pneumatic chuck center line and the oil spout of cylinder head are taken over installation centerline hole and overlapped, and oil spout is taken over and is placed on the second pneumatic chuck, oil spout take over left end is screwed in the oil spout take over mounting hole of cylinder head;The present invention realizes the automatic installation that the automatic aligning that the whelk hole of fuel injector is taken over oil spout and fuel injector are taken over oil spout.

Description

The automatic assembling machine and assembly method that cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector and oil spout are taken over
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of automation process equipment technology of cylinder cover for diesel engine, especially a kind of automatic installation diesel oil The assembly machine that fuel injector and oil spout in machine cylinder head are taken over.
Background technology
It is assembled as technical process last in process of producing product, vital work is played to the height of product quality With.In the product process for assembling one group of processing qualification, if assembly technology is backward or improper, product processing is often directly resulted in Quality declines, or even phenomena such as doing over again caused by assembly is unqualified, substandard products occurs.
The structure of cylinder cover for diesel engine 12 shown in referring to Fig.1, there are two cylinder cap positioning vertical up and down in cylinder head 12 Hole, is cylinder cap location hole 12-1 and cylinder cap location hole 12-2 respectively, and installation is taken in also mounting hole of oil sprayer 12-3 and oil spout Hole 12-4, wherein two cylinder cap location hole 12-1,12-2 diagonally opposing corners are distributed on the left and right sides position of cylinder head 12;Oil spout Device mounting hole 12-3 is also to be arranged vertically, be located at cylinder head 12 center position, two cylinder cap location holes 12-1,12-2 it Between;Spray bar mounting hole 12-4 is horizontally disposed, is mutually perpendicular to mounting hole of oil sprayer 12-3, and mounting hole of oil sprayer 12-3 and Oil spout take over mounting hole 12-4 is interconnected.With reference to shown in Fig. 2, fuel injector 10 is installed in mounting hole of oil sprayer 12-3, is being sprayed Spray bar 11 is installed, the whelk hole 10-1 that one end of oil spout take over 11 is opened from 10 side wall of fuel injector in oil take over mounting hole 12-4 Into in fuel injector 10, oil spout take over 11 is fixedly connected by whelk hole 10-1 with fuel injector 10, the fuel injector 10 after installing It is mutually perpendicular to and is connected to the central shaft of oil spout take over 11.
When fuel injector 10 and oil spout take over 11 are installed, it is accurately same should to ensure that fuel injector 10 can be carried out with external spacer Axle center coordinates, while also to ensure the installation direction of the whelk hole 10-1 alignment oil spouts take over 11 of fuel injector 10, to make oil spout Take over 11 directly can keep concentric in assembly with the whelk hole 10-1 on fuel injector 10.Currently, in fuel injector 10 and oil spout The installation of take over 11 mainly completes assembly work by manually constantly debugging and proofreading, and working efficiency is low, assembly precision is low, warp Often there is phenomenon of doing over again.
Invention content
The purpose of the invention is to overcome fuel injector and oil spout pipe fitting assembly effect in existing diesel cylinder head Rate is low, assembly technology falls behind disadvantage and propose automatic assembling machine and dress that a kind of cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector and oil spout are taken over Fuel injector and oil spout can accurately be taken over and be automatically installed in cylinder head by method of completing the square.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the automatic assembling machine that a kind of cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector of the present invention and oil spout are taken over uses Technical solution be:Including transmission device, cylinder head is seated on transmission device and with transmission device side-to-side movement, transmission device Surface be section bar support, it is intermediate on the left of section bar support be fuel injector feed mechanism, among right side be oil spout take over feeder Structure;The fuel injector feed mechanism is made of horizontal conveyor and vertical feeding device, and the bottom of horizontal conveyor is solid Determine connection section bar holder, horizontal conveyor drives vertical feeding device to be moved in front-rear direction, the center of horizontal conveyor Between position connect the vertical feeding device that can move up and down;The bottommost of vertical feeding device is equipped with the first gas of energy rotary motion Dynamic collet;The oil spout take over feed mechanism include tooling backboard, left and right horizontal arrangement servo electric jar, be arranged vertically up and down Servo electric jar, the push rod level of horizontal servo electric jar is fixedly connected with the upper end of tooling backboard to the left and through ram seat; The rear and front end of tooling backboard by sliding block and guide rail connection section bar holder and can do left right horizontal movement along section bar support respectively; Two parallel sliding rails are set on the left side of tooling backboard, the right end of machine frame connects the sliding rail, the left side of machine frame through sliding block Upper end be fixedly connected v-shaped opening towards front-left to V-arrangement positioning device, the push rod of vertical servo electric jar is fixed downwards to be connected Connect machine frame;The right end of machine frame has horizontal servo motor, and the output shaft level of horizontal servo motor is to the left and through shaft coupling Device connects the second horizontal pneumatic chuck with bearing;V-arrangement positioning device includes vee-block, spring and positioning pin, the V-arrangement of vee-block Opening center is equipped with horizontal positioning pin, and spring is cased on positioning pin, and the outer diameter of the left end portion of positioning pin is equal to oil spout The internal diameter in the whelk hole of device.
The assembly method of the automatic assembling machine is the technical solution adopted is that include the following steps:
A, transmission device transmits to the right the transfer plate for being loaded with cylinder head, until cylinder head fuel injector feed mechanism just Lower section stops,
B, horizontal conveyor drives vertical feeding device to travel forward, and the top of fuel injector is placed into the by operator In one pneumatic chuck, horizontal conveyor drives vertical feeding device to move backward, until the center line and cylinder head of fuel injector The center line of mounting hole of oil sprayer stop when overlapping, vertical feeding device drives fuel injector to move downward and stops at oil spout and take over The left side of feed mechanism;
C, vertical servo-electric cylinder working drives machine frame to move downward whelk centerline hole and V until fuel injector The positioning pin center of shape positioning device overlaps, and horizontal servo electric jar Work Promote machine frame is transported towards the direction of fuel injector It is dynamic, until the V-type opening of V-arrangement positioning device clamps fuel injector and the whelk centerline hole of fuel injector exists with positioning pin center On same axis;
D, horizontal servo electric jar drives machine frame to reset to the right, and vertical servo electric jar drives machine frame to be upwardly into Initial position, fuel injector feed mechanism drive fuel injector to press downward in the mounting hole of oil sprayer of cylinder head;
E, vertical servo electric jar drives machine frame to move downward until the second pneumatic chuck center line and cylinder head The center line of oil spout take over mounting hole overlaps, and operator, which takes over oil spout, to be placed on the second pneumatic chuck, horizontal servo Electric cylinder drives machine frame to move downward, and servo motor drives oil spout to take over rotation, and oil spout take over left end is screwed to cylinder head Oil spout take over mounting hole in.
The present invention can realize that the automatic aligning that the whelk hole of fuel injector is taken over oil spout and fuel injector are taken over oil spout Automatic installation, entire assembly machine high degree of automation, efficiency of assembling is high, and structure is reliable, and labor intensity is small, has and improves safety The advantages of property and production efficiency, and the present disclosure additionally applies for the automatic peaces that fuel injector in Multiple Type cylinder head and oil spout are taken over Dress.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the stereochemical structure enlarged diagram of cylinder cover for diesel engine;
Fig. 2 takes over for the fuel injector in Fig. 1, oil spout and the assembling structure of cylinder head amplifies schematic elevation view;
The overall structure signal for the automatic assembling machine that Fig. 3 is a kind of cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector of the present invention and oil spout is taken over Figure;
Fig. 4 is 1 structure enlargement diagram of transmission device in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the structure enlargement diagram of transfer plate 1-2 in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the structure amplification signal of the fuel injector feed mechanism, oil spout take over feed mechanism and section bar support in Fig. 2 Figure;
Fig. 7 is the structure enlargement diagram of fuel injector feed mechanism in Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the backsight structure enlargement diagram of horizontal conveyor 22-1 in Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the upper part-structure enlarged diagram of vertical feeding device 22-2 in Fig. 7;
Figure 10 is the lower part mounting structure enlarged diagram of vertical feeding device 22-2 in Fig. 7;
Figure 11 is the structure enlargement diagram of the spray bar feed mechanism in Fig. 3;
Figure 12 is the upper section structure enlargement diagram of the spray bar feed mechanism in Figure 11;
Figure 13 is the right side structure enlarged diagram of the tooling backboard in Figure 12;
Figure 14 is the left side structure enlarged diagram of the tooling backboard in Figure 12;
Figure 15 is the lower part structure enlargement diagram of spray bar feed mechanism in Figure 11;
Figure 16 is plan structure enlarged diagram of the V-arrangement positioning device in initial off position in Figure 15;
Figure 17 is plan structure enlarged diagram of the V-arrangement positioning device in working condition in Figure 15;
The working condition enlarged diagram of spray bar feed mechanism when Figure 18 is fuel injector feeding in Fig. 3;
Figure 19 is that the whelk hole of fuel injector in Fig. 3 automatically corrects and installment work state enlarged diagram;
Working condition enlarged diagram when Figure 20 is oil spout take over feeding in Fig. 3;
Figure 21 is that the working condition enlarged diagram installed automatically is taken in oil spout in Fig. 3.
In figure:1. transmission device;1-1. transfer station;1-2. transfer plate;1-3. position sensor;1-4. sensors are fixed Plate;1-5. workbench;1-2-1a, 1-2-1b. positioning pin;
2. tooling platform;10. fuel injector;10-1. whelk hole;11. oil spout is taken over;12. cylinder head;12-1,12-2. cylinder cap are fixed Position hole;12-3. mounting hole of oil sprayer;12-4. oil spout take over mounting holes;12-1,12-2. cylinder cap location hole;
22. fuel injector feed mechanism;22-1. horizontal conveyors;22-1-1a, 22-1-1b. support plate;22-1-2. is solid Fixed board;22-1-3. rodless cylinders;22-2. vertical feeding device;22-2-1. support bases;22-2-2. servo motors;22-2-3a、 22-2-3b. optical axises;22-2-4. leading screws;22-2-5. sliding blocks;22-2-6. push rods;22-2-7. push rod holder assembly;22-2-8. branch Support;22-2-9. servo motors;22-2-10. shaft couplings;22-2-11. bearings;22-2-12. pneumatic chucks;
31. oil spout take over feed mechanism;31-4-1. horizontal servo electric cylinder;31-4-2. support bases;31-4-3. push rods; 31-4-4. ram seats;31-4-5. tooling backboard;31-4-6. vertical servo electric cylinder;31-4-7. support bases;31-4-8. is pushed away Bar;31-4-5a. right supported plates;31-4-5b. rear supports;31-4-5b. preceding bearing;31-4-5d. left supported plates;31-4-9a、31-4- 9b. sliding rails;31-4-10a, 31-4-10b. sliding block;31-5-1. machine frames;31-5-2. servo motors;31-5-3. fixed frames; 31-5-4. shaft couplings;31-5-5. bearings;31-5-6. pneumatic chucks;31-5-7.V shape positioning device;31-5-7a. fixed seats; 31-5-7b .V shape blocks;31-5-7c. springs;31-5-7d. positioning pins;31-5-8. fixed seats;
44 section bar supports.
Specific implementation mode
Shown in Figure 3, the automatic assembling machine that a kind of cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector of the present invention and oil spout are taken over includes passing Device 1, tooling platform 2, fuel injector feed mechanism 22, oil spout take over feed mechanism 31 and section bar support 44, tooling platform 2 is sent to fix On the ground, transmission device 1 is arranged in 2 upper surface centre position of tooling platform, and cylinder head 12 is seated on transmission device 1, Neng Gousui 1 side-to-side movement of transmission device.The section bar support 44 of rectangular shape, proximate matter branch are installed in 2 upper right position of tooling platform Frame 44 is located at the surface of transmission device 1, and fuel injector feed mechanism 22, section bar support are installed at the leftward position of section bar support 44 Oil spout take over feed mechanism 31 is installed at 44 right positions.Fuel injector 10 and oil spout take over 11 to be assembled is placed on tooling platform On 2 and in the front side of nearly section bar support 44.
The structure of transmission device 1 shown in Figure 4, transmission device 1 include transfer station 1-1, transfer plate 1-2, position biography Sensor 1-3, sensor fixation plate 1-4 and workbench 1-5, transfer station 1-1 are horizontally disposed in the lateral direction, in transfer station 1- 1 center position is equipped with horizontal transfer plate 1-2, and transfer plate 1-2 can be moved left and right along transfer station 1-1, in transfer plate It is mounted with cylinder head 12 on 1-2, sensor fixation plate 1-4, sensor fixation plate 1-4 are fixedly connected on the right side of transfer station 1-1 Centre position on installation position sensor 1-3.Transfer plate 1-2 and cylinder head 12 with transfer station 1-1 translatory movement, from a left side End initial position moves to right end position, until touching to stop motion when position sensor 1-3.The forward right side of transfer station 1-1 The workbench 1-5 being located on ground, fuel injector 10 to be assembled and spray bar 11 are placed on workbench 1-5.
Transfer plate 1-2 structures shown in Figure 5, transfer plate 1-2 shapes are rectangle, which is provided with positioning pin 1-2-1a With positioning pin 1-2-1b, the two positioning pins are distributed in diagonally opposing corner on transfer plate 1-2, and size is identical, with cylinder head Two cylinder cap location hole 12-1, location hole 12-2 on 12 are matched, when cylinder head 12 is placed on transfer plate 1-2, by hanging Tool is by cylinder head 12 handling to transfer plate 1-2, by two cylinder cap location hole 12-1, location hole 12-2 and transfer plate 1-2 Two positioning pin 1-2-1a, 1-2-1b match to realize positioning.
Shown in Figure 6, section bar support 44 is mounted on the right positions on transmission device 1, and fuel injector feed mechanism 22 is solid Dingan County is mounted on section bar support 33 mounted in the centre position of a proximate matter in 44 left side of section bar support, oil spout take over feed mechanism 31 Right side centre position.
Shown in Figure 7, fuel injector feed mechanism 22 is made of horizontal conveyor 22-1 and vertical feeding device 22-2, The bottom of horizontal conveyor 22-1 is fixedly connected on section bar support 44, in the middle position of horizontal conveyor 22-1 Connect vertical feeding device 22-2, vertical feeding device 22-2 can be moved back and forth up and down, vertical feeding device 22 at work, Its lowermost end is equipped with fuel injector 10.
Horizontal conveyor 22-1 shown in Figure 8, including support plate 22-1-1a, support plate 22-1-1b, fixed plate 22-1-2, and rodless cylinder 22-1-3.Support plate 22-1-1a is identical with the structure of support plate 22-1-1b, front and back arrangement, Bottom is fixedly connected on section bar support 44, and the top right side of support plate 22-1-1a and support plate 22-1-1b are installed with length Rodless cylinder 22-1-3 is fixedly mounted on rectangular fixed plate 22-1-2, fixed plate 22-1-2, rodless cylinder 22-1-3 passes through movement Sliding block connects vertical feeding device 22, and vertical feeding device 22 is driven to do horizontal movement back and forth in the longitudinal direction.
Vertical feeding device 22 shown in Figure 9,22 upper part of vertical feeding device include support base 22-2-1, watch Take motor 22-2-2, optical axis 22-2-3a, optical axis 22-2-3b, leading screw 22-2-4, sliding block 22-2-5, push rod 22-2-6 and push rod Holder assembly 22-2-7.Support base 22-2-1 is fixedly mounted on the mobile sliding block of rodless cylinder 22-1-3 in fig. 8, with no bar gas Cylinder 22-1-3 is slidably connected, and perpendicular to the ground, and servo motor 22-2-2 is fixedly mounted on the top of support base 22-2-1, servo The output shaft of motor 22-2-2 vertically downward, coaxially connected leading screw 22-2-4, and leading screw 22-2-4 is driven to do positive and negative rotation campaign, two Root optical axis 22-2-3a, 22-2-3b is parallel with leading screw 22-2-4, and the both ends of two optical axises are all fixedly connected with support base 22-2-1. Leading screw 22-2-4, two optical axises 22-2-3a, 22-2-3b interlude on connect one piece of sliding block 22-2-5, push rod 22- jointly The top of 2-6 is fixedly connected on the bottom end of sliding block 22-2-5, and the lowermost end of push rod 22-2-6 is equipped with push rod holder assembly 22-2- 7.When servo motor 22-2-2 work, leading screw 22-2-4 rotations, the positive and negative rotation movement band movable slider 22- of leading screw 22-2-4 are driven 2-5, push rod 22-2-6 and push rod holder assembly 22-2-7 do the up and down motion on vertical direction.
The push rod holder assembly 22-2-7 structures of the lowermost end of vertical feeding device 22 shown in Figure 10, including supporting rack 22-2-8, servo motor 22-2-9, shaft coupling 22-2-10 and pneumatic chuck 22-2-12;The wherein upper end of supporting rack 22-2-8 It is fixedly mounted on the bottom end of push rod 22-2-6, servo motor 22-2-9 is mounted on the position close to top on supporting rack 22-2-8 It sets, vertically downward, the output shaft of servo motor 22-2-9 is through shaft coupling 22-2-10 connecting shafts for the output shaft of servo motor 22-2-9 The upper ends 22-2-11 are held, the lower end of bearing 22-2-11 connects pneumatic chuck 22-2-12, and the upper end of pneumatic chuck 22-2-12 is fixed Mounted on the bottom end of supporting rack 22-2-8.The output shaft rotation of servo motor 22-2-9 drives shaft coupling 22-2-10, bearing 22- 2-11 and pneumatic chuck 22-2-12 rotate, and the bottom ends pneumatic chuck 22-2-12 carry pneumatic pinch element, main to use In the top of clamping fuel injector 10, fuel injector 10 can be on pneumatic chuck 22-2-12 and around the center of pneumatic chuck 22-2-12 Axis rotates.
Referring to oil spout take over feed mechanism 31 shown in Figure 11 and Figure 12, the right side for being mounted on section bar support 44 hits exactly meta position It sets, 31 upper part of oil spout take over feed mechanism is servodrive, and lower end part is positioning device for screwing up.Servo drive Device includes horizontal servo electric cylinder 31-4-1, support base 31-4-2, push rod 31-4-3, ram seat 31-4-4, tooling backboard 31- 4-5, vertical servo electric cylinder 31-4-6, support base 31-4-7 and push rod 31-4-8, wherein horizontal servo electric cylinder 31-4-1 Left and right horizontal is arranged, is fixedly mounted on support base 31-4-2, support base 31-4-2 is fixedly mounted on section bar support 44, servo To the left, the left end of the right end of connection ram seat 31-4-4, ram seat 31-4-4 is solid for the push rod 31-4-3 levels of electric cylinder 31-4-1 Determine the upper end of connecting tooling backboard 31-4-5, the upper end of tooling backboard 31-4-5 is also fixedly connected with support base 31-4-7.Servo electricity Dynamic cylinder 31-4-6 or more is arranged vertically, and is mounted on support base 31-4-7, the push rod 31-4-8 of vertical servo electric cylinder 31-4-6 Vertically downward, the rear and front end of tooling backboard 31-4-5 is fixedly mounted on section bar support 44 by sliding block and guide rail structure respectively On, and do left right horizontal movement along section bar support 44.
Tooling backboard 31-4-5 shown in Figure 13, including right supported plate 31-4-5a, rear support 31-4-5b, preceding bearing 31-4-5c and left supported plate 31-4-5d, right supported plate 31-4-5a are rectangle, and are fixedly connected with the left end of ram seat 31-4-4, after Bearing 31-4-5b and preceding bearing 31-4-5c is used to entire tooling backboard 31-4-5 being slidably connected section bar support 44, left supported plate 31-4-5d is L-shaped, and end part is for installing support base 31-4-7, the push rod 31-4- of vertical servo electric jar 31-4-6 thereon 8 pass through and downwards from the hole of left supported plate 31-4-5d.
It is shown in Figure 14, two parallel sliding rails are fixedly mounted on the left side of tooling backboard 31-4-5, are sliding respectively Sliding block 31-4-10a and sliding block 31- are installed respectively on rail 31-4-9a and sliding rail 31-4-9b, sliding rail 31-4-9a and sliding rail 1-4-9b 4-10b, the positioning device for screwing up of the end portion for the fixed spray bar feed mechanism 31 that is slidably connected.
The structure of the positioning device for screwing up of the end portion of spray bar feed mechanism 31 shown in Figure 15, including tooling Frame 31-5-1, servo motor 31-5-2, fixed frame 31-5-3, shaft coupling 31-5-4, bearing 31-5-5, pneumatic chuck 31-5-6, V Shape positioning device 31-5-7 and fixed seat 31-5-8.Therein, V-arrangement positioning is fixedly mounted in the upper end on the left of machine frame 31-5-1 The v-shaped opening of device 31-5-7, positioning device 31-5-7 are towards front-left to the right end of machine frame 31-5-1 is fixedly connected with upper end On sliding block 31-4-10a and sliding block 31-4-10b in part, and fixed seat 31-5-8, machine frame 31- are installed at right end Fixed seat 31-5-8s of the 5-1 through right end is fixedly connected with the push rod 31-4-8 of the vertical servo electric jar 31-4-6 in Figure 12, work It shelves 31-5-1 and up and down motion is driven by vertical servo electric jar 31-4-6.In the right end Connection Bracket of machine frame 31-5-1 Horizontal servo motor 31-5-2, the output shaft of servo motor 31-5-2 is fixedly mounted in the right end of 31-5-3, fixed frame 31-5-3 To the left, the left end of the right end through shaft coupling 31-5-4 connection bearings 31-5-5, bearing 31-5-5 connects horizontal pneumatic clamps to level Head 31-5-6, pneumatic chuck 31-5-6 are used to clamp the oil inlet end of oil spout take over 11.
V-arrangement positioning device 31-5-7 shown in Figure 16, V-arrangement positioning device 31-5-7 are initial off working state, V-arrangement Positioning device 31-5-7 includes fixed seat 31-5-7a, vee-block 31-5-7b, spring 31-5-7c and positioning pin 31-5-7d, Gu The right end of reservation 31-5-7a is fixedly connected with the left end of machine frame 31-5-1, and V-arrangement is fixedly mounted in the left end of fixed seat 41-5-7a The opening of block 31-5-7b, vee-block 31-5-7b are equipped with towards side direction to the left, the v-shaped opening center of vee-block 31-5-7b Spring 31-5-7c is cased on positioning pin 31-5-7d, positioning pin 31-5-7d, the right end portion of positioning pin 31-5-7d is stretched outside vee-block In the axis hole of 31-5-7b, left end portion is in the left side of vee-block 31-5-7b, and the left end shaft outer diameter of positioning pin 31-5-7d is equal to The internal diameter of the whelk hole 10-1 of fuel injector 10.
It is shown in Figure 17:V-arrangement positioning device 31-5-7 is in working condition, and V-arrangement positioning device 31-5-7 is moved downward directly It is contacted to positioning pin 31-5-7d with the whelk hole 10-1 of fuel injector 10, spring 31-5-7c is compressed, positioning pin 31-5-7d is opposite Vee-block 31-5-7b is moved right, until positioning pin 31-5-7d enters in the whelk hole 10-1 of fuel injector 10, positioning pin at this time 31-5-7d moves downward recovery to original state, completes the positioning work of fuel injector 10.
The course of work of the present invention is sequentially that fuel injector 10 and oil spout take over 11 are transported to assembly station, fuel injector 10 automatically Feeding, fuel injector 10 whelk hole 10-1 automatically correct and the automatic installation of oil spout take over 11, it is specific as follows:
Shown in Figure 18, Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 9, transfer plate 1-2 is passed in the left position of transmission device 1 when original state Device 1 is sent to transmit the transfer plate 1-2 for being loaded with cylinder head 12 to the right, until the right end of transfer plate 1-2 connects with position sensor 1-3 It touches and stop motion, cylinder head 12 realizes that the automatic of cylinder head 12 is transported in the underface of fuel injector feed mechanism 22 at this time Assembly station.
Horizontal conveyor 22-1 work in fuel injector feed mechanism 22, vertical feeding is driven by rodless cylinder 22-1-3 Device 22-2 travels forward until when moving to the range of horizontal conveyor 22-1, and operator places fuel injector 10 Into in the pneumatic chuck 22-2-11 of the lower ends vertical feeding device 22-2, the feeding of fuel injector 10 is realized.Complete the upper of fuel injector 10 After expecting work, horizontal conveyor 22-1 drives vertical feeding device 22-2 to do horizontal rearward movement, until moving to fuel injector The stop motion when position that 10 center line is overlapped with the mounting hole of oil sprayer 12-3 center lines of cylinder head 12, at this time vertical feeding The servo motor 22-2-2 of device 22-2 starts to work, and drives fuel injector 10 to move downward, fuel injector 10 is with push rod 22-2-6 A distance stop motion is moved downward, the correction of the whelk hole 10-1 of fuel injector 10 is waited for.
Shown in Figure 19, fuel injector 10 stops at oil spout take over feeding as push rod 22-2-6 moves downward a distance The left side of mechanism 31, the servo motor 22-2-9 work of fuel injector feed mechanism 22, drives pneumatic chuck 22-2-12 and fuel injector 10 rotate always in the horizontal plane, and the servo electric jar 31-4-6 of oil spout take over feed mechanism 31 starts to work and push rod 31-4-7 is moved downward, and the impulse stroke of the push rod 31-4-7 by setting servo electric jar 31-4-6 makes machine frame 31-5-1 With moving downward until the center line of the whelk hole 10-1 of fuel injector 10 is with V-arrangement positioning device 31-5-7's for push rod 31-4-7 The center line of positioning pin 31-5-7d overlaps in same level plane, at this time push rod 31-4-7 reach setting impulse stroke and It is stopped, servo electric jar 31-4-1 horizontal at this time starts to work and the tooling backboard 31- in push rod 31-4-2 promotions left side 4-5 and machine frame 31-5-1 is moved towards the direction of fuel injector 10, until the V-type opening of V-arrangement positioning device 31-5-7 clamps The positioning pin 31-5-7d of the just stop motion of 10 upper part of fuel injector, V-arrangement positioning device 31-5-7 moves right with respect to origin-location It is dynamic, until the center line of the center line of the whelk hole 10-1 of the fuel injector 10 of rotation and positioning pin 31-5-7d are on the same axis, Positioning pin 31-5-7d is moved downward and is entered in the 10-1 of whelk hole under the thrust of spring 31-5-7c at this time, at this time servo motor Automatically correcting for the whelk hole 10-1 of fuel injector 10 is completed in 31-4-6 stop motions.
After the whelk hole 10-1 of fuel injector 10 is automatically corrected, the push rod 31-4-2 of horizontal servo electric jar 31-4-1 drives Machine frame 31-5-1 resets, and moves right to initial position, and then the push rod 31-4-7 of servo electric jar 31-4-6 drives tooling Frame 31-5-1 moves up to initial position, and fuel injector feed mechanism 22 is downward by fuel injector 10 at this time, and indentation cylinder head 12 is right The mounting hole of oil sprayer 12-3 answered, and move up to original state, so complete fuel injector 10 automatically correct and erector Make.
Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Figure 20 and Figure 21, in the mounting hole of oil sprayer 12-3 that fuel injector 10 is mounted on cylinder head 12 Afterwards, by setting the impulse stroke of the push rod 31-4-7 of the servo electric jar 31-4-6 in oil spout take over feed mechanism 31, servo The push rod 31-4-7 of electric cylinder 31-4-6 drives machine frame 31-5-1 to move downwardly to the center line until pneumatic chuck 31-5-6 It is overlapped in the horizontal plane with the center line of the oil spout take over mounting hole 12-4 of cylinder head 12, push rod 31-4-7 reaches setting at this time Impulse stroke and be stopped, oil spout take over 11 is placed on pneumatic chuck 31-5-6 by operator, then horizontal servo Electric cylinder 31-4-1 and servo motor 31-5-2 start to work, and the push rod 31-4-2 of servo electric jar 31-4-1, which drives, is equipped with oil spout The machine frame 31-5-1 of take over 11 is moved downward, and servo motor 31-5-2 drives oil spout take over 11 to rotate, servo-electric Cylinder 31-4-1 and servo motor 31-5-2 is worked together until the screwed part in 11 front end of oil spout take over is screwed to cylinder In the oil spout take over mounting hole 12-4 of lid 12, and the left end of oil spout take over 11 enters the whelk hole 10-1 of fuel injector 10 at this time In, the final high-precision vertical degree installation for realizing fuel injector 10 and oil spout take over 11.

Claims (6)

1. the automatic assembling machine that a kind of cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector and oil spout are taken over, including transmission device(1), cylinder head storing In transmission device(1)Above and with transmission device(1)Side-to-side movement, it is characterized in that:Transmission device(1)Surface be section bar support (44), section bar support(44)It is fuel injector feed mechanism among left side(22), among right side be oil spout take over feed mechanism(31); The fuel injector feed mechanism(22)By horizontal conveyor(22-1)With vertical feeding device(22-2)Composition, horizontal transmission dress It sets(22-1)Bottom be fixedly connected with section bar support(44), horizontal conveyor(22-1)Drive vertical feeding device(22-2) It is moved in front-rear direction, horizontal conveyor(22-1)Middle position connect the vertical feeding device that can move up and down(22- 2);Vertical feeding device(22-2)Bottommost be equipped with can rotary motion the first pneumatic chuck(22-2-12);The oil spout connects Pipe feed mechanism(31)Including tooling backboard(31-4-5), left and right horizontal arrangement servo electric jar(31-4-1), it is vertical up and down The servo electric jar of arrangement(31-4-6), horizontal servo electric jar(31-4-1)Push rod level to the left and through ram seat(31- 4-4)It is fixedly connected with tooling backboard(31-4-5)Upper end;Tooling backboard(31-4-5)Rear and front end respectively by sliding block and leading Rail connection section bar holder(44)And it can be along section bar support(44)Do left right horizontal movement;Tooling backboard(31-4-5)Left side on If two parallel sliding rails, machine frame(31-5-1)Right end connect the sliding rail, machine frame through sliding block(31-5-1)Left side on End be fixedly connected v-shaped opening towards front-left to V-arrangement positioning device(31-5-7), vertical servo electric jar(31-4-6)'s Push rod is fixedly connected with downwards machine frame(31-5-1);Machine frame(31-5-1)Right end have horizontal servo motor(31-5-2), Horizontal servo motor(31-5-2)Output shaft level to the left and through shaft coupling(31-5-4)And bearing(31-5-5)Connect water The second flat pneumatic chuck(31-5-6);V-arrangement positioning device(31-5-7)Including vee-block(31-5-7b), spring(31-5-7c) And positioning pin(31-5-7d), vee-block(31-5-7b)V-shaped opening center be equipped with horizontal positioning pin(31-5-7d), Positioning pin(31-5-7d)On be cased with spring(31-5-7c), positioning pin(31-5-7d)Left end portion outer diameter be equal to fuel injector Whelk hole internal diameter.
2. the automatic assembling machine that cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector and oil spout are taken over according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Transmission Device(1)Including transfer station(1-1), transfer plate(1-2)And position sensor(1-3), transfer station(1-1)Left and right directions is horizontal Setting, transfer station(1-1)Center position be equipped with horizontal transfer plate(1-2), transfer plate(1-2)Be equipped with in cylinder head Matched two positioning pins of two cylinder cap location holes, transfer station(1-1)Right positions be equipped with position sensor(1- 3).
3. the automatic assembling machine that cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector and oil spout are taken over according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:It is described Horizontal conveyor(22-1)Including two pieces of support plates, two pieces of support plate bottoms are fixedly connected with section bar support(44), two pieces of supports It is rodless cylinder at the top of plate(22-1-3), rodless cylinder(22-1-3)Vertical feeding device is connected by mobile sliding block(22-2), Drive vertical feeding device(22-2)Anterior-posterior horizontal moves.
4. the automatic assembling machine that cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector and oil spout are taken over according to claim 3, it is characterized in that:Vertically Feeding device(22-2)Including with rodless cylinder(22-1-3)The support base being slidably connected(22-2-1), support base(22-2-1)'s First servo motor is arranged at top(22-2-2), first servo motor(22-2-2)Output shaft vertically downward and coaxially connected leading screw (22-2-4), two optical axises and leading screw(22-2-4)It is parallel, sliding block(22-2-5)Common connection leading screw(22-2-4)With two On the interlude of optical axis, push rod(22-2-6)Top be fixedly connected with sliding block(22-2-5)Bottom end, lowermost end are equipped with ram seat group Part(22-2-7).
5. the automatic assembling machine that cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector and oil spout are taken over according to claim 4, it is characterized in that:Push rod Holder assembly(22-2-7)Including supporting rack(22-2-8), supporting rack(22-2-8)Upper end be fixedly connected with push rod(22-2-6)Bottom End, supporting rack(22-2-8)Connect the second servo motor(22-2-9), servo motor(22-2-9)Output shaft vertically downward and Through shaft coupling(22-2-10)And bearing(22-2-11)Connect the first pneumatic chuck(22-2-12).
6. a kind of assembly method for the automatic assembling machine that cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector as described in claim 1 and oil spout are taken over, It is characterized in that including the following steps:
A, transmission device(1)The transfer plate of cylinder head will be loaded with(1-2)It transmits to the right, until cylinder head is in fuel injector feed mechanism (22)Underface stop,
B, horizontal conveyor(22-1)Drive vertical feeding device(22-2)It travels forward, operator is by the top of fuel injector It is placed into the first pneumatic chuck(22-2-12)In, horizontal conveyor(22-1)Drive vertical feeding device(22-2)It transports backward It is dynamic, until the center line of fuel injector stops when being overlapped with the center line of the mounting hole of oil sprayer of cylinder head, vertical feeding device (22-2)It drives fuel injector to move downward and stops at oil spout take over feed mechanism(31)Left side;
C, vertical servo electric jar(31-4-6)Work drives machine frame(31-5-1)Move downward the whelk until fuel injector Centerline hole and V-arrangement positioning device(31-5-7)Positioning pin(31-5-7d)Center line overlaps, horizontal servo electric jar(31- 4-1)Work Promote machine frame(31-5-1)It is moved towards the direction of fuel injector, until V-arrangement positioning device(31-5-7)V-type open Mouth clamps the whelk centerline hole and positioning pin of fuel injector and fuel injector(31-5-7d)Center line is on the same axis;
D, horizontal servo electric jar(31-4-1)Drive machine frame(31-5-1)It resets to the right, vertical servo electric jar(31- 4-6)Drive machine frame(31-5-1)It is upwardly into initial position, fuel injector feed mechanism(22)Fuel injector is driven to press downward to cylinder In the mounting hole of oil sprayer of lid;
E, vertical servo electric jar(31-4-6)Drive machine frame(31-5-1)It moves downward until the second pneumatic chuck(31- 5-6)Center line is overlapped with the center line of the oil spout take over mounting hole of cylinder head, and operator takes over oil spout(11)It is placed on Two pneumatic chucks(31-5-6)On, horizontal servo electric jar(31-4-1)Drive machine frame(31-5-1)It moves downward, servo Motor(31-5-2)It drives oil spout to take over rotation, oil spout take over left end is screwed in the oil spout take over mounting hole of cylinder head.
CN201610603734.8A 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 The automatic assembling machine and assembly method that cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector and oil spout are taken over CN106141665B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610603734.8A CN106141665B (en) 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 The automatic assembling machine and assembly method that cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector and oil spout are taken over

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610603734.8A CN106141665B (en) 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 The automatic assembling machine and assembly method that cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector and oil spout are taken over

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106141665A CN106141665A (en) 2016-11-23
CN106141665B true CN106141665B (en) 2018-09-04

Family

ID=58060219

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610603734.8A CN106141665B (en) 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 The automatic assembling machine and assembly method that cylinder cover for diesel engine fuel injector and oil spout are taken over

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106141665B (en)

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107486695B (en) * 2017-08-07 2019-05-17 江苏科技大学 For installing the automatic assembling machine and assembly method of cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer nut
CN107877156B (en) * 2017-10-23 2019-10-01 江苏科技大学 For installing the automatic assembling machine and assembly method of diesel engine cylinder cover valve seat valve rod
CN107877305B (en) * 2017-10-23 2019-08-23 江苏科技大学 A kind of automatic grinding fitting machine and method for cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer
CN107877116B (en) * 2017-11-10 2019-09-27 江苏科技大学 The automatic assembling machine and assembly method of cylinder cover for diesel engine air-valve assembly are installed
CN110153705A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-08-23 一汽解放汽车有限公司 A kind of assembly technology of engine cylinder block bearing cap automatic press mounting

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5119549A (en) * 1990-12-06 1992-06-09 Eastman Kodak Company Apparatus and method for applying end caps to cylindrical shells
DE4225338A1 (en) * 1992-07-31 1994-02-03 Grob Gmbh & Co Kg Assembly line for IC engine - assembles engine block from cylinder head, cylinder crankcase and conrod sub-assemblies and in the same line also assembles sub-assemblies from components
FR2693514B1 (en) * 1992-07-10 1994-09-02 Richard Baglin Improvement in centrifugal pumps.
CN103192349A (en) * 2012-01-05 2013-07-10 广西玉柴机器股份有限公司 Mounting tool for engine fuel injector
CN103397965A (en) * 2013-07-04 2013-11-20 广西玉柴机器股份有限公司 Engine oil atomizer installation structure
CN203371254U (en) * 2013-07-10 2014-01-01 佛山市广顺电器有限公司 Automatic oilless air compressor cylinder cover and valve plate assembling mechanism
CN104209751A (en) * 2014-08-15 2014-12-17 南京鹏力科技有限公司 Automatic assembly production line and assembly method of air cylinder cover assembly
CN105252266A (en) * 2015-09-22 2016-01-20 宁波神通模塑有限公司 Precise separator assembling device for oil-gas separator assembly

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5119549A (en) * 1990-12-06 1992-06-09 Eastman Kodak Company Apparatus and method for applying end caps to cylindrical shells
FR2693514B1 (en) * 1992-07-10 1994-09-02 Richard Baglin Improvement in centrifugal pumps.
DE4225338A1 (en) * 1992-07-31 1994-02-03 Grob Gmbh & Co Kg Assembly line for IC engine - assembles engine block from cylinder head, cylinder crankcase and conrod sub-assemblies and in the same line also assembles sub-assemblies from components
CN103192349A (en) * 2012-01-05 2013-07-10 广西玉柴机器股份有限公司 Mounting tool for engine fuel injector
CN103397965A (en) * 2013-07-04 2013-11-20 广西玉柴机器股份有限公司 Engine oil atomizer installation structure
CN203371254U (en) * 2013-07-10 2014-01-01 佛山市广顺电器有限公司 Automatic oilless air compressor cylinder cover and valve plate assembling mechanism
CN104209751A (en) * 2014-08-15 2014-12-17 南京鹏力科技有限公司 Automatic assembly production line and assembly method of air cylinder cover assembly
CN105252266A (en) * 2015-09-22 2016-01-20 宁波神通模塑有限公司 Precise separator assembling device for oil-gas separator assembly

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106141665A (en) 2016-11-23

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104384904B (en) Jump ring automatic assembling machine
CN103753211B (en) A kind of multi-station turning formula ball valve assembly machine slave
CN104444289B (en) A kind of automatic feed mechanism
CN104148920B (en) Knuckle spindle bearing material press-fits production line
CN203125525U (en) Vehicle lithium battery assembly manipulator for horizontal multi-joint robot
CN105406656B (en) Rotor kludge
CN103737295A (en) One-way valve assembling and detecting machine
CN103273312A (en) Automatic assembly machine of quick connectors
CN102825605B (en) Material delivering robot with visual detecting function
CN205290347U (en) Automatic assembly machine
CN205032906U (en) Full automatic alignment kludge
CN105880639A (en) Double-ended tube chamfering machine
CN204324336U (en) A kind of material transmission mechanism
CN105479447A (en) Glass carving machine and control method
CN103101643A (en) Charged coupled device (CCD) automated detecting device for connector
CN104444288A (en) Material transferring mechanism
CN104625731B (en) Auto-align multi-station parts mounter
CN106890760A (en) Automatic chip mounting point gum machine
CN104934625A (en) Square battery shaping and testing machine
US4951386A (en) Apparatus for disassembling bearing caps and assembling metals
CN102887364A (en) Adjustable clamping mobile manipulator
CN203279180U (en) Glue-injecting apparatus for horns
CN205607329U (en) Automated inspection equipment of cell -phone screen size
CN201739361U (en) Full automatic micro-bearing greasing and capping machine
CN203679692U (en) Non-return valve assembly and detection machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20201021

Address after: 215500 No.13, Caotang Road, Changshu, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Changshu intellectual property operation center Co.,Ltd.

Address before: Meng Xi Road 212003 Zhenjiang city of Jiangsu province Jingkou District No. 2

Patentee before: JIANGSU University OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder

Address after: 215500 5th floor, building 4, 68 Lianfeng Road, Changfu street, Changshu City, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Changshu intellectual property operation center Co.,Ltd.

Address before: No.13 caodang Road, Changshu City, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee before: Changshu intellectual property operation center Co.,Ltd.