CN107877305B - A kind of automatic grinding fitting machine and method for cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer - Google Patents

A kind of automatic grinding fitting machine and method for cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107877305B
CN107877305B CN201710991249.7A CN201710991249A CN107877305B CN 107877305 B CN107877305 B CN 107877305B CN 201710991249 A CN201710991249 A CN 201710991249A CN 107877305 B CN107877305 B CN 107877305B
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China
Prior art keywords
grinding
cylinder
cylinder head
spacer
hydraulic cylinder
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CN201710991249.7A
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CN107877305A (en
Inventor
张胜文
王海涛
王凯
方喜峰
孙启胜
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Jiangsu University of Science and Technology
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Jiangsu University of Science and Technology
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B15/00Machines or devices designed for grinding seat surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B15/08Machines or devices designed for grinding seat surfaces; Accessories therefor for grinding co-operating seat surfaces by moving one over the other
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines

Abstract

The present invention discloses the automatic grinding fitting machine and method that cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer is used in a kind of diesel engine automatic assembling production field, cylinder head is seated on the transmission device of anterior-posterior horizontal, it is support frame above transmission device, middle connects handling device above support frame, handling device lower end is fixedly connected with release unit and grinding device, grinding device lower end connects cylinder head spacer, and release unit is by the left side of cylinder head spacer;The automation of cylinder of diesel engine spacer assembly and grinding is realized by the cooperative movement of transmission device, handling device, release unit, grinding device, it greatly increases the production efficiency, Automated assembly is completed, production line automation degree is improved, is reduced manually to the interference of production process.

Description

A kind of automatic grinding fitting machine and method for cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer
Technical field
It is especially a kind of for the automatic of cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer the present invention relates to diesel engine automatic assembling production field Grind fitting machine and its installation method.
Background technique
In the mass automatic production of diesel engine, the automatic grinding mounting process of cylinder head spacer is essential , the manpower participation during automated production can be greatly reduced, production efficiency is improved, mitigates the labor intensity of worker, and Assembling quality is turned up, improves the degree of automation of production line, improves the assembling quality and overall performance of product.It is shown in Figure 1 Cylinder cover for diesel engine 1, the four corners of cylinder head 1 are provided with cylinder head bore 11 up and down, and the centre of cylinder head 1 is to walk up and down To cylinder head spacer hole 13, cylinder head spacer 12 be it is cylindric, be mounted in cylinder head spacer hole 13, cylinder head spacer 12 Upper end is threaded hole.Currently, the grinding of cylinder head spacer 12 is pacified in the assembly of the mass automatic production of diesel engine Dress process is still completely dependent on manual assembly, and assembler will manually remove cylinder head 1 in production line, then manually will grinding After sand is applied to the bottom end of 12 mounting surface of cylinder head spacer, manually cylinder head spacer 12 is penetrated in cylinder head spacer hole 13, people Work carries out spin finishing, then again manually takes out cylinder head spacer 12, again manually fills spacer nut again after observing side Enter in cylinder head spacer hole 13.This assembly method has the following problems: (1) production efficiency is especially low, fully relies on artificial Operation;(2) artificial participation assembly is easy to be restricted by objective factor, and Assembling Production inefficiency, assembling quality not can guarantee;(3) The degree of automation of the mass automatic production line of diesel engine is greatly reduced, is unfavorable for developing to full automation direction.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome completely artificial the drawbacks of participating in conventional diesel engine cylinder head spacer assembling process, The automatic grinding fitting machine and installation method for proposing a kind of cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer mitigate the labor intensity of worker, improve bavin The degree of automation and assembling quality of oil machine cylinder head spacer assembly.
The present invention for cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer automatic grinding fitting machine the technical solution adopted is that: cylinder head put It is support frame above transmission device on the transmission device of anterior-posterior horizontal, middle connects handling device above support frame, carries Device lower end is fixedly connected with release unit and grinding device, and grinding device lower end connects cylinder head spacer, and release unit is in cylinder By the left side of lid spacer;The handling device includes transverse hydraulic cylinder, leadscrew-nut mechanism, vertical hydraulic cylinder, support plate, extension Support plate and carrying connector, transverse hydraulic cylinder left and right horizontal arrangement, output shaft connect rectangular branch by leadscrew-nut mechanism The middle top of fagging, support plate is vertical hydraulic cylinder, and the output shaft of vertical hydraulic cylinder is fixedly and coaxially connected vertically downward to be removed Connector is transported, connector lower end is carried and is fixedly connected with horizontal carry plate;The release unit includes being detached from hydraulic cylinder, connection Plate and gripping dogs are detached from hydraulic cylinder left and right horizontal arrangement, and cylinder body is fixedly connected with the carry plate, and output shaft is through connecting plate It is fixedly connected with gripping dogs;The grinding device includes grinding hydraulic cylinder, grinding motor and grinding connector, grinds hydraulic cylinder Cylinder body one side is fixedly connected with the carry plate, and grinding hydraulic cylinder body another side is equipped with upper and lower vertically arranged lapping liquid Cylinder pressure side wall guide rail, vertical edges connection grinding motor of the grinding hydraulic cylinder side wall guide rail through L-type sliding block, the water of L-type slider bottom Pingbian is fixedly connected with the output shaft of grinding hydraulic cylinder, grinds the output shaft of motor ground connector is coaxially fixed vertically downward and connect Grinding connecting rod is connect, grinding connecting rod lower end connects cylinder head spacer upper end through threaded coaxial;The gripping dogs are located at cylinder By the left side of lid spacer.
The present invention for cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer automatic grinding fitting machine installation method the technical solution adopted is that It has follow steps:
A, transmission device is loaded with cylinder head, and abrasive sand is manually applied to the bottom end of cylinder head spacer;
B, transverse hydraulic cylinder working drives support plate, vertical hydraulic cylinder, carry plate, release unit and grinding device to the left Translation, vertical hydraulic cylinder drive carry plate, release unit and grinding device to translate downwards, the gas that will be fixedly connected on grinding device Cylinder cap spacer is moved to the surface in the cylinder head spacer hole of cylinder head;
C, hydraulic cylinder works are ground, cylinder head spacer is driven to be moved down into set distance in cylinder head spacer hole, are ground Motor rotation drives cylinder head spacer to move down in cylinder head spacer hole in rotation, the burr in cylinder head spacer hole is ground It has been ground that, grind motor and cylinder head spacer moves up again;
D, hydraulic cylinder works are detached from, gripping dogs to the right clamp cylinder head spacer, and grinding motor reversely rotates, and make It grinds connecting rod and is detached from cylinder head spacer, vertical hydraulic cylinder drives carry plate and gripping dogs to move downward, by cylinder head spacer It is put into cylinder head spacer hole, completes the installation of cylinder head spacer.
Gain effect of the invention is: the present invention realizes the Automated assembly grinding of cylinder of diesel engine spacer on production line, The assembly of cylinder of diesel engine spacer and grinding are realized by the cooperative movement of transmission device, handling device, release unit, grinding device Automation, greatly increase the production efficiency, be substantially finished Automated assembly, greatly improve production line automation journey Degree, reduces the interference manually to production process.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of cylinder cover for diesel engine and cylinder head spacer;
Fig. 2 is general structure schematic diagram of the present invention for the automatic grinding fitting machine of cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer;
Fig. 3 is the working condition enlarged diagram of the transmission device 2 in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 be Fig. 2 in handling device 3, release unit 4 and grinding device 5 assembling structure enlarged drawing;
Fig. 5 is the assembling structure enlarged drawing of the release unit 4 in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the assembling structure enlarged drawing of the grinding device 5 in Fig. 4.
In figure: 1. cylinder cover for diesel engine;11. cylinder head bore;12. cylinder head spacer;13. cylinder head spacer hole;
2. transmission device;21. working plate;22. delivery roller;23. conveyer frames;24. position sensor;
3. handling device;31. transverse hydraulic cylinder;32. leadscrew-nut mechanism;33. sliding sleeve;34;Vertical hydraulic cylinder;35. leading Xiang Zhu;36. support plate;37. connector sleeve;38. carry plate;39. carrying connector;310. translating rails;311. sliding block;
4. release unit;41. being detached from hydraulic cylinder;42. hydraulic cylinder output end;43. connecting plate;44. gripping dogs;
5. grinding device;51. grinding support frame;52. grinding hydraulic cylinder;53. electric machine support;54. grinding motor;55. grinding Grind connector;56. connecting rod;57.L type sliding block;58. grinding hydraulic cylinder side wall guide rail;
6. workbench;7. support frame;71. supporting plate.
Specific embodiment
Shown in Figure 2, the present invention mainly includes transmission dress for the automatic grinding fitting machine of cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer Set 2, handling device 3, release unit 4, grinding device 5, workbench 6 and support frame 7.Transmission device 2 is horizontally mounted, flat with ground Row, on the ground in the installation of front and back transmission state.Cylinder head 1 is placed on transmission device 2, and transmission device 2 can front and back transmission gas Cylinder cap 1.The scanning table 6 for having left and right to move towards below 2 middle section of transmission device, workbench 6 is by pedestal Threaded hole is fixed on ground, and workbench 6 is symmetrically arranged with the center of transmission device 2, and the left and right width for working at the same time platform 6 is big In the left and right width of transmission device 2, so that 6 the right and left of workbench each side has protrusion relative to transmission device 2. It is fixedly connected with support frame 7 in 6 upper surface of workbench, 7 bottom of support frame is bolted to connection in the four corners of workbench 6 Surface, support frame 7 is above transmission device 2, in left and right trend across transmission device 2.In the upper plate middle of support frame 7 Handling device 3 is connected, 3 lower end of handling device is bolted to connection release unit 4 and grinding device 5, and grinding device 5 is located at The surface of the processing stations of cylinder cover for diesel engine 1.
Shown in Figure 3, transmission device 2 includes working plate 21, delivery roller 22, conveyer frames 23 and position sensor 24. The bottommost of transmission device 2 is conveyer frames 23, and conveyer frames 23 are distributed in front and back, and conveyer frames 23 are equipped with delivery roller 22, tooling Plate 21 is rectangular slab, is seated in the symmetrical center of delivery roller 22, and the diagonal angle of the upper surface of working plate 21 is solid Surely it sets there are two pin shaft vertically upward, the two pin shafts are corresponding with two cylinder head bores 11 of the diagonal angle in Fig. 1 to match, altogether With being mounted in cylinder head bore 11, for positioning of the cylinder head 1 on working plate 21.It is installed in the corresponding position of conveyer frames 23 Whether position sensor 24 moves to the rigging position of front end for detecting tool plate 21 and cylinder head 1.When original state, Working plate 21 is located at the back-end location of conveyer frames 23, is lifted cylinder head 1 to working plate 21 by suspender, at this time working plate 21 It is loaded with cylinder head 1 and can travel forward, until moving to stop motion at position sensor 24, cylinder head 1 is in assembly work State, after completing assembly work, working plate 21 moves to initial position backward again.
Shown in Figure 4, handling device 3 includes transverse hydraulic cylinder 31, leadscrew-nut mechanism 32, sliding sleeve 33, vertical hydraulic Cylinder 34, support plate 36, connector sleeve 37, carry plate 38, carries connector 39, translating rails 310 and sliding block 311 at guide post 35. 31 left and right horizontal of transverse hydraulic cylinder arrangement, output shaft connect rectangular support plate 36 by leadscrew-nut mechanism 32.Support frame 7 Top be support plate 71, support plate 71 or so move towards square plate, middle is provided with rectangular hollow hole, rectangular Support plate 36 is located at party's shape openwork hole.Rectangular hollow hole front and rear sides edge is equipped with two among support plate 71 The translating rails 310 of left and right trend, every translating rails 310 all connection sliding blocks 311, sliding block 311 connect rectangular support plate 36, Support plate 36 can be driven to do left and right translational motion along the translating rails 310 of left and right trend by sliding block 311.In support plate 36 It is vertical hydraulic cylinder 34 above middle, vertical 34 shell of hydraulic cylinder is fixed in support plate 36, the output of vertical hydraulic cylinder 34 Axis is fixedly and coaxially connected carrying connector 39 after passing through the hole in support plate 36 vertically downward, and the lower end for carrying connector 39 is fixed Connect horizontal carry plate 38.Two vertical columned guide posts 35 are also fixedly connected on carry plate 38 simultaneously, two are led It is symmetrical set to the opposite connector 39 of carrying of column 35, two 35 upper sections of guide post are upward through support plate 36, and every A 35 upper section of guide post covers in the sliding sleeve 33 of Flange-shaped Parts, connects support plate 36 through sliding sleeve 33, each 35 bottom end of guide post is equal Carry plate 38 is connected through connector sleeve 37.
Carry plate 38 is made of upper flat plate and lower plate, and upper flat plate and lower plate are horizontally disposed, and use between the two Vertical link of boards.Upper flat plate protrudes to the right lower plate, and upper flat plate is fixedly connected with to walk up and down in its protrusion right end To grinding device 5, lower flat plate bottom be fixedly connected left and right trend release unit 4.The lower end of grinding device 5 connects cylinder Lid spacer 12, cylinder head spacer 12 are vertically suspended in the lower end of grinding device 5, and release unit 4 is on a left side for cylinder head spacer 12 at this time Side, the cylinder head spacer hole 13 of cylinder cover for diesel engine 1 is in the underface of cylinder head spacer 12.
When handling device 3 works, transverse hydraulic cylinder 31 works, and drives support plate 36 or so flat through leadscrew-nut mechanism 32 It moves, the also and then left and right translation of vertical hydraulic cylinder 34 drives carry plate 38 or so to translate, the disengaging dress for also carry plate 38 being driven to connect Set 4 and the translation of grinding device 5 or so.When the work of vertical hydraulic cylinder 34, two guide posts 35 are moved up and down, and carry plate 38 does perpendicular To up and down motion, drive release unit 4 and 5 upper and lower translation of grinding device.Therefore, by transverse hydraulic cylinder 31 and vertical hydraulic The adjustment together of cylinder 34, it is final to realize that release unit 4, grinding device 5 control and move up and down, finally by grinding device 5 The cylinder head spacer 12 of upper connection is moved to the surface in the cylinder head spacer hole 13 of cylinder cover for diesel engine 1, completes handling work.
Shown in 5, release unit 4 includes being detached from hydraulic cylinder 41, connecting plate 43 and gripping dogs 44.It is detached from hydraulic cylinder 41 Left and right moves towards horizontally disposed, and cylinder body is fixedly connected on carry plate 38, and output shaft 42 is fixedly connected with clamping through connecting plate 43 Claw 44, gripping dogs 44 are located at by the left side of cylinder head spacer 12.When being detached from the work of hydraulic cylinder 41, driven by connecting plate 43 Gripping dogs 44 or so translate.Gripping dogs 44 are the same clamp systems of similar tiger's jaw pincers, can be clamped or be discharged Movement.When connecting plate 43 is to when right translation, connecting plate 43 drives gripping dogs 44 to move to setting position to the right, which is folder Cylinder head spacer 12 is wrapped in position when centre by tight claw 44, and gripping dogs 44 move, to the cylinder head moved towards up and down every 12 shells are covered to be gripped.
Shown in 6, grinding device 5 includes grinding hydraulic cylinder 52, grinding motor 54, grinding connector 55 and connecting rod 56.Wherein, grinding hydraulic cylinder 52 is arranged vertically, and the one side of grinding 52 cylinder body of hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected by grinding support frame 51 On carry plate 38, the another side of grinding 52 cylinder body of hydraulic cylinder is equipped with upper and lower vertically arranged grinding hydraulic cylinder side wall guide rail 58, grinding hydraulic cylinder side wall guide rail 58 is matched with the vertical edges of L-type sliding block 57, and L-type sliding block 57 can be along grinding hydraulic cylinder side wall Guide rail 58 moves up and down.It grinds hydraulic cylinder side wall guide rail 58 and connects electric machine support 53, L-type sliding block through the vertical edges of L-type sliding block 57 The horizontal sides of 57 bottoms are fixedly connected with the output shaft of grinding hydraulic cylinder 52.Electric machine support 53 is fixedly connected with vertically arranged up and down grind Electric mill machine 54, the output shaft for grinding motor 54 vertically downward, are fixedly and coaxially connected connector 55, and the lower end of connector 55 is coaxially solid There are external screw thread in fixed connection grinding connecting rod 56, the lower end of grinding connecting rod 56, have screw thread at the upper end center of cylinder head spacer 12 Hole is fixedly connected with grinding 56 lower end external screw thread of connecting rod, makes to grind the coaxially connected cylinder head spacer 12 of connecting rod 56.
Grinding device 5 work when, grinding hydraulic cylinder 52 work, output end drive 57 bottom of L-type sliding block horizontal sides to The vertical edges of lower translation, L-type sliding block 57 translate downwards along grinding hydraulic cylinder side wall guide rail 58, drive grinding motor 54 flat downwards Move, grinding 54 output end of motor drives connecting rod 56 and cylinder head spacer 12 to move down by connector 55, when cylinder head every When set 12 is moved to set distance in the cylinder head spacer hole 13 of the cylinder cover for diesel engine 1 of underface, grinding motor 54 rotates, band Cylinder cap spacer 12 of taking offence rotation, simultaneous grinding hydraulic cylinder 52 work, final to drive cylinder head spacer 12 in cylinder head spacer hole 13 It is middle to be moved down in rotation, the burr in cylinder head spacer hole 13 is ground and is completed.Burr grinding is completed, and grinding hydraulic cylinder 52 returns Contracting movement, drives grinding motor 54 and cylinder head spacer 12 to move up, when cylinder head spacer 12 is moved to cylinder of diesel engine When the 13 surface set distance of cylinder head spacer hole of lid 1, grinding hydraulic cylinder 52, which stops working, completes grinding.
It is specific when automatic grinding fitting machine work of the present invention for cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer referring to shown in Fig. 1-6 Steps are as follows:
Step 1: the working plate 21 of transmission device 2 is located at the back-end location of conveyer frames 23, cylinder head 1 is hung by suspender It is filled on working plate 21, working plate 21 is loaded with cylinder head 1 and can travel forward at this time, stops until moving at position sensor 24 It only moves, cylinder head 1 is in assembly work state, then abrasive sand is manually applied to the bottom of 12 mounting surface of cylinder head spacer End.
Step 2: the transverse hydraulic cylinder 31 of handling device 3 works, drive support plate 36 to left, vertical hydraulic cylinder 34, Carry plate 38, release unit 4 and grinding device 5 are also simultaneously to left.Then vertical hydraulic cylinder 34 works, and drives carry plate 38 Set distance is moved downwardly to, release unit 4 and grinding device 5 also while are downwards moved to set distance, pass through transverse hydraulic The cylinder head spacer 12 being fixedly connected on grinding device 5 is finally moved to bavin by the adjustment together of cylinder 31 and vertical hydraulic cylinder 34 Handling work is completed in the surface in the cylinder head spacer hole 13 of oil machine cylinder head 1.
Step 3: grinding device 5 works, the grinding hydraulic cylinder 52 moved towards up and down works, and grinding hydraulic cylinder side wall is driven to lead Rail 58 translates downwards, while grinding motor 54 being driven to translate downwards, and grinding 54 output end of motor can pass through cylindrical connector 55 drive the connecting rod 56 moved towards up and down to move down, and connecting rod 56 will drive the cylinder head spacer 12 that is fixedly connected to moving down It is dynamic, when set in the cylinder head spacer hole 13 of the cylinder cover for diesel engine 1 immediately below cylinder head spacer 12 is moved to apart from when, grind Electric mill machine 54 rotates, and connecting rod 56 and cylinder head spacer 12 rotate simultaneously, and simultaneous grinding hydraulic cylinder 52 works, and finally drives cylinder Lid spacer 12 moves down in cylinder head spacer hole 13 in rotation, after the completion of the burr grinding in cylinder head spacer hole 13, grinds Grinding fluid cylinder pressure 52 does retracting motion again, and grinding hydraulic cylinder side wall guide rail 58 is driven to translate up, grind motor 54 and cylinder head every Set 12 moves up.When cylinder head spacer 12 is moved to the 13 surface set distance of cylinder head spacer hole of cylinder cover for diesel engine 1 When, grinding hydraulic cylinder 52, which stops working, completes grinding.
Step 4: the disengaging hydraulic cylinder 41 of release unit 4 works, hydraulic cylinder output end 42 drives fixed connect to right translation To right translation, connecting plate 43 drives the gripping dogs 44 being fixedly connected to move to setting position to the right and (presss from both sides the connecting plate 43 connect Cylinder head spacer 12 is wrapped in position when centre by tight claw 44), at this point, gripping dogs 44 to the cylinder head moved towards up and down every It covers 12 shells to be gripped, then grinds motor 54 and reversely rotate, grinding connecting rod 56 is driven by grinding connector 55 Rotation because grinding 56 lower end of connecting rod is connect by external screw thread with the threaded hole of 13 upper end of cylinder head spacer hole, and works as cylinder It after lid spacer 12 is gripped by the gripping dogs 44 of release unit 4, cannot rotate, therefore, grinding connecting rod 56 is anti- The connection of cylinder head spacer 12 is eventually disengaged to rotation, cylinder head spacer 12 is gripped by the gripping dogs 44 of release unit 4 In the 13 surface set distance of cylinder head spacer hole of cylinder cover for diesel engine 1.
Step 5: the vertical hydraulic cylinder 34 of handling device 3 works, carry plate 38 is driven to move downward, the folder of release unit 4 Tight claw 44 holds cylinder head spacer 12 and also while is downwards moved to set distance, and by cylinder head spacer 12, translation is put into downwards In cylinder head spacer hole 13, the installation of cylinder head spacer 12 is completed.
Step 6: the vertical hydraulic cylinder 34 of handling device 3 works, carry plate 38 is driven to move upwards, drives release unit 4 Setting height is moved upwards, then the disengaging hydraulic cylinder 41 of release unit 4 works, and hydraulic cylinder output end 42 drives to left The gripping dogs 44 being fixedly connected move to setting position to the left.Later, grinding hydraulic cylinder 52 work, drive grinding motor 54 to On move to setting position.The transverse hydraulic cylinder 31 of handling device 3 works, and drives support plate 36 to right translation, 4 He of release unit For grinding device 5 also to right translation, oneself of cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer 12 is completed in final whole device full recovery to original position Dynamic grinding installation.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of automatic grinding fitting machine for cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer, cylinder head (1) are seated in the transmission of anterior-posterior horizontal It is support frame (7) above transmission device (2) on device (2), it is characterized in that: middle connects handling device above support frame (7) (3), handling device (3) lower end is fixedly connected with release unit (4) and grinding device (5), and grinding device (5) lower end connects cylinder head Spacer (12), release unit (4) is by the left side of cylinder head spacer (12);The handling device (3) includes transverse hydraulic cylinder (31), leadscrew-nut mechanism (32), vertical hydraulic cylinder (34), support plate (36), carry plate (38) and carrying connector (39), it is horizontal It is arranged to hydraulic cylinder (31) left and right horizontal, output shaft connects rectangular support plate (36), branch by leadscrew-nut mechanism (32) It is vertical hydraulic cylinder (34) above the middle of fagging (36), the output shaft of vertical hydraulic cylinder (34) is coaxially fixed vertically downward to be connected It connects and carries connector (39), carry connector (39) lower end and be fixedly connected with horizontal carry plate (38);The release unit (4) Including being detached from hydraulic cylinder (41), connecting plate (43) and gripping dogs (44), it is detached from hydraulic cylinder (41) left and right horizontal arrangement, cylinder body It is fixedly connected with the carry plate (38), output shaft is fixedly connected with gripping dogs (44) through connecting plate (43);The grinding dress Setting (5) includes grinding hydraulic cylinder (52), grinding motor (54) and grinding connector (55), grinds hydraulic cylinder (52) cylinder body one side It is fixedly connected with the carry plate (38), it is hydraulic that grinding hydraulic cylinder (52) cylinder body another side is equipped with vertically arranged grinding up and down Cylinder side wall guide rail (58), vertical edges connection grinding motor (54) of grinding hydraulic cylinder side wall guide rail (58) through L-type sliding block (57), L The horizontal sides of type sliding block (57) bottom are fixedly connected with the output shaft of grinding hydraulic cylinder (52), and the output shaft for grinding motor (54) is vertical Downward ground connector (55) is fixedly and coaxially connected grinding connecting rod (56), and grinding connecting rod (56) lower end connects through threaded coaxial Connect cylinder head spacer (12) upper end;The gripping dogs (44) are located at by the left side of cylinder head spacer (12).
2. a kind of automatic grinding fitting machine for cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: passing Send device (2) bottommost be front and back be distributed conveyer frames (23), conveyer frames (23) be equipped with delivery roller (22), working plate (21) be seated in the center of delivery roller (22), the diagonal angle of the upper surface of working plate (21) be fixed with two vertically to On pin shaft, the two pin shafts it is corresponding with two cylinder head bore (11) of the diagonal angle of cylinder head (1) match;In conveyer frames (23) Corresponding position move to the position sensor (24) of front end equipped with detection cylinder head (1).
3. a kind of automatic grinding fitting machine for cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: hanging Support plate (38) is made of horizontally disposed upper flat plate and lower plate, and between the two with vertical link of boards, upper flat plate is dashed forward to the right For lower plate, upper flat plate is fixedly connected grinding device (5) in its protrusion right end, and lower flat plate bottom is fixedly connected with disengaging dress Set (4).
4. a kind of automatic grinding fitting machine for cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: branch Fagging (36) bottom connects the translating rails (310) of left and right trend through sliding block (311), and translating rails (310) are located at support frame (7) Apical support plate (71) middle, support frame (7) bottom is fixed on ground through workbench (6).
5. a kind of cylinder head spacer automatic grinding installation method of automatic grinding fitting machine as described in claim 1, feature It is to have follow steps:
A, transmission device (2) is loaded with cylinder head (1), and abrasive sand is manually applied to the bottom end of cylinder head spacer (12);
B, transverse hydraulic cylinder (31) works, and drives support plate (36), vertical hydraulic cylinder (34), carry plate (38), release unit (4) With grinding device (5) to left, vertical hydraulic cylinder (34) drive carry plate (38), release unit (4) and grinding device (5) to The cylinder head spacer (12) being fixedly connected on grinding device (5) is moved to the cylinder head spacer hole of cylinder head (1) by lower translation (13) surface;
C, grinding hydraulic cylinder (52) work, drive cylinder head spacer (12) be moved down into cylinder head spacer hole (13) setting away from From grinding motor (54) rotation drives cylinder head spacer (12) to move down in cylinder head spacer hole (13) in rotation, by cylinder Burr in lid spacer hole (13) has been ground, and grinds motor (54) and cylinder head spacer (12) moves up again;
D, it is detached from hydraulic cylinder (41) work, gripping dogs (44) to the right clamp cylinder head spacer (12), grind motor (54) it reversely rotates, makes to grind connecting rod (56) disengaging cylinder head spacer (12), vertical hydraulic cylinder (34) drives carry plate (38) It is moved downward with gripping dogs (44), cylinder head spacer (12) is put into cylinder head spacer hole (13), complete cylinder head spacer (12) installation.
6. cylinder head spacer automatic grinding installation method according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: after step D, vertical liquid Cylinder pressure (34) work, carry plate (38) and release unit (4) move up to setting height, are then detached from hydraulic cylinder (41) work Make, gripping dogs (44) is driven to move to setting position to the left;Grinding hydraulic cylinder (52) later drives grinding motor (54) upward Setting position is moved to, last transverse hydraulic cylinder (31) drive support plate (36), release unit (4) and grinding device (5) are to the right Translation.
CN201710991249.7A 2017-10-23 2017-10-23 A kind of automatic grinding fitting machine and method for cylinder cover for diesel engine spacer Active CN107877305B (en)

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CN112658679A (en) * 2021-01-14 2021-04-16 盐城志焕网络科技有限公司 Intelligent gas meter shell manufacturing and machining method

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