CN106120680A - A kind of farmland ditch biology escapes device - Google Patents

A kind of farmland ditch biology escapes device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106120680A
CN106120680A CN201610529858.6A CN201610529858A CN106120680A CN 106120680 A CN106120680 A CN 106120680A CN 201610529858 A CN201610529858 A CN 201610529858A CN 106120680 A CN106120680 A CN 106120680A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
passage
biology
escapes
escape
escaping
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610529858.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘晓南
程炯
李铖
刘通
陈志良
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Guangdong Institute Of Eco Environmental Technology
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Guangdong Institute Of Eco Environmental Technology
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong Institute Of Eco Environmental Technology filed Critical Guangdong Institute Of Eco Environmental Technology
Priority to CN201610529858.6A priority Critical patent/CN106120680A/en
Publication of CN106120680A publication Critical patent/CN106120680A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B13/00Irrigation ditches, i.e. gravity flow, open channel water distribution systems

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of farmland ditch biology and escape device, including escaping passage in being placed on irrigation and drainage canal, the one end escaping passage is provided with floating thing, and the other end escaping passage is provided with the turnover passage for being placed on canal wall.This farmland ditch biology escapes device, the passage of escaping being provided with is placed in irrigation and drainage canal, turnover passage is placed on Qu Bishang, the setting of floating thing makes the opening escaping passage be suspended in the water surface always, it is beneficial to field biology climb to escaping passage, and along escaping passage climbing to canal wall so that biology can free in and out field, decrease the biological dead quantity being strayed into " three light " irrigation canals and ditches, safeguard farm environment ecological balance.Meanwhile, escape device and be mountable to existing irrigation canals and ditches optional position, make full use of existing irrigation canals and ditches.Cost is cheap, and it is convenient to install, can Reusability, the present invention is applicable to agricultural and fills row field.

Description

A kind of farmland ditch biology escapes device
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural and fill row field, particularly relate to a kind of farmland ditch biology and escape device.
Background technology
Modern agriculture fills the farmland ditch construction technology that row's irrigation canals and ditches generally use cement mortar collocation stone-laying, lay bricks, and reduces stream Water seepage, accelerates to fill drain flow, increases and effectively utilize the water yield, increase farmland under irrigation, and more traditional Earthen ditches is solid resistance to With, be easy to safeguard, be widely used in the design of farm field irrigation drainage irrigation canals and ditches.The transverse section of farm field irrigation drainage irrigation canals and ditches is generally at the bottom of Qu Bi and canal The oblique angle ratio of slope at the bottom of vertical rectangle, or Qu Bi and canal is the trapezoidal of 4:1~5:1;Distance of the upper end is 60~120 cm, go to the bottom away from From for 40~80 cm;Smooth cement plaster (" three light ") is all smeared at the bottom of Qu Bi and canal;The design of canal road is straight and gradient ratio is 1:1000~1:2000.This design be difficult at the bottom of Qu Bi and the canal of tradition soil property channel to have a fixed inclination, quality rougher, can Epiphyte is beneficial to the effect of field biology climbing, causes the field being strayed in irrigation canals and ditches biological, such as nothings such as batrachia, Serpentis class, Lumbricuss Method frees in and out, and the space, life cache of field biology is restricted, and causes the decline of its kind, quantity and distribution, farmland ring Border disruption of ecological balance.
At present, ecologist's active behavior according to field biology and the feature in natural river course, propose to be beneficial to field biology The filling row's irrigation canals and ditches design escaped.But the filling row's irrigation canals and ditches for having built up not only need partial demolition again to build, and take More cultivated area, the position of setting up escaping design also cannot well determine, be seldom used in existing farmland irrigating In row's irrigation canals and ditches design, still cannot solve field biology and be strayed into the problem that irrigation canals and ditches cannot be escaped.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems referred to above, the present invention provide a kind of assist field biology free in and out irrigation canals and ditches and paddy field movable and can The farmland ditch biology of dismounting escapes device.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of farmland ditch biology escapes device, including escaping passage in being placed on irrigation and drainage canal, escapes one end of passage Being provided with floating thing, the other end escaping passage is provided with the turnover passage for being placed on canal wall.
Being further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, turnover passage connects the Hui Tiantong for being communicated to farmland Road.
Being further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, turnover passage is Qian shape pipe, or it is logical with turnover to escape passage Road and turnover passage are all transferred by L-type pipe with returning field passage.
Being further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, escape passage and be provided with vertical weight, the weight that hangs down is by rope system Escaping on passage.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, escape passage and be provided with at least one fixing hole, hang down weight and/or Person's floating thing lies on fixing hole.
Being further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, vertical weight is stone or fragment of brick or cement block.
It is further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, escapes vias inner walls and be provided with anti-skidding lines.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, anti-skidding lines be annular ripple groove or ring-type convex tendon or Pedicellus et Pericarpium Trapae check.
Being further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, escaping passage is round tube, and floating thing is arranged at escapes passage Among or be arranged at and escape channel outer wall, floating thing is floating drum or kickboard or foam or wood or plastics empty bottle.
Being further used as the improvement of technical solution of the present invention, the angle escaping passage and the water surface is 0~60 degree.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: this farmland ditch biology escapes device, is placed on irrigation and drainage by the passage of escaping being provided with In canal, turnover passage is placed on Qu Bishang, and the setting of floating thing makes the opening escaping passage be suspended in the water surface, beneficially field always Between biological climbing to escaping passage, and along escaping passage climbing to canal wall so that biology can free in and out field, decreases by mistake Enter the biological dead quantity of " three light " irrigation canals and ditches, safeguard farm environment ecological balance.Meanwhile, escape device and be mountable to existing Irrigation canals and ditches optional position, makes full use of existing irrigation canals and ditches.Cost is cheap, and it is convenient to install, can Reusability, there is the widest application Scope.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is embodiment of the present invention overall structure top view;
Fig. 2 is line A-A sectional view along Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is line B-B sectional view along Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is line C-C sectional view along Fig. 1.
Detailed description of the invention
Below with reference to embodiment and accompanying drawing, the technique effect of design, concrete structure and the generation of the present invention is carried out clearly Chu, it is fully described by, to be completely understood by the purpose of the present invention, feature and effect.Obviously, described embodiment is this Bright a part of embodiment rather than all embodiment, based on embodiments of the invention, those skilled in the art is not paying Other embodiments obtained on the premise of creative work, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Referring to figs. 1 through Fig. 4, the present invention escapes device, including for being placed on irrigation and drainage canal 16 for a kind of farmland ditch biology Interior escapes passage 2, and the one end escaping passage 2 is provided with floating thing 4, and the other end escaping passage 2 is provided with for being placed on canal wall Turnover passage 21 on 14.
This farmland ditch biology escapes device, is placed in irrigation and drainage canal 16 by the passage 2 of escaping being provided with, passage of transferring 21 are placed on canal wall 14, and it is biological that the setting of floating thing 4 makes the opening escaping passage 2 be suspended in the water surface, beneficially field always Climbing is to escaping passage 2, and climbs to canal wall 14 along escaping passage 2 so that biology can free in and out field, decreases and is strayed into The biological dead quantity of " three light " irrigation canals and ditches, safeguards farm environment ecological balance.Meanwhile, escape device and be mountable to existing ditch Canal optional position, makes full use of existing irrigation canals and ditches.Cost is cheap, and it is convenient to install, can Reusability, there is the widest application model Enclose.
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention, turnover passage 21 connects time field passage having for being communicated to farmland 11 23。
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention, turnover passage 21 is Qian shape pipe, or escapes passage 2 and turnover passage 21 And turnover passage 21 all transferred by L-type pipe 3 with time field passage 23.
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention, escaping passage 2 and be provided with vertical weight 5, the weight 5 that hangs down ties up to escape by rope On de-passage 2.
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention, escape passage 2 and be provided with at least one fixing hole 1, hang down weight 5 and/or Floating thing 4 lies on fixing hole 1.
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the weight 5 that hangs down is stone or fragment of brick or cement block.
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention, escape passage 2 inwall and be provided with anti-skidding lines.
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention, anti-skidding lines is annular ripple groove or ring-type convex tendon or Pedicellus et Pericarpium Trapae lattice Stricture of vagina.
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention, escaping passage 2 is round tube, and floating thing 4 is arranged to be escaped among passage 2 Or being arranged at and escape passage 2 outer wall, floating thing 4 is floating drum or kickboard or foam or wood or plastics empty bottle.
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the angle escaping passage 2 and the water surface is 0~60 degree.
In order to assist the field bio-safety being strayed into " three light " filling row's irrigation canals and ditches to escape, the present invention provides a kind of simple, real Escaping facility with, moveable farmland ditch biology, this facility is rebuild without removing the filling row's irrigation canals and ditches built up, it is adaptable to no Similar shape, material, the irrigation canals and ditches of the degree of depth, be not take up more cultivated area.Can be in any place of field, according to field biogenic accumulation Distribution and be strayed into filling row's irrigation canals and ditches quantity to select placement location, to reach biological relief maximum.Cost is cheap, and Reusable.
It is by escaping passage 2, returning field passage 23, turnover passage 21, the facility of pipe joint combination, respectively that biology escapes facility Passage is circular pipe, and the one end open escaping passage 2 is arranged at the water surface, and other end opening is arranged at outside canal wall, escapes Passage 2 is plastic material, and there is the circular corrugated pipes of corrugation grooves (circulus) inner side, groove can lower in-pipe flow flow velocity, Increase degree of friction, be beneficial to biology and trace back.Each pipe diameter 5~50cm, depending on each duct length is according to canal wall height, escapes logical Road 2 is 0~60 degree with the angle of the water surface 12, and conduit slope ratio is for 1:5~1:8.Escape the gateway that passage 2 is placed in canal inner to open Having circular hole can fix floating drum and vertical weight by wire rope handling, the weight that hangs down, as at the bottom of the row's of filling canal 15, positions escaping passage 2, makes pipeline Gateway is maintained at the water surface, it is simple to biological turnover.Pipe joint is the L-type pipe or Qian shape pipe that material is consistent with escaping passage 2, It is slightly larger that caliber ratio escapes passage 2, is preferred just screwing in pipeline.Joint is connected by screw thread rotation with escaping passage 2 connector position Connect, be first wound around joining section with glue cloth before connection, prevent from coming off and leaking.Fixing floating drum is plastics empty bottle, foam or wood, Gu Surely the weight that hangs down is stone, fragment of brick or cement block.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention 1:
In filling row's irrigation canals and ditches that vertical depth is 0.6 meter, in every 100 meters of irrigation canals and ditches, field biology Lumbricus, Rana nigromaculata and Enhydris chinensis etc. are by mistake Enter the more canal section of irrigation canals and ditches to lay biology and escape facility, according to irrigation canals and ditches mean water height, canal wall width, canal top to farmland distance and Slope ratio, intercepting 3 pipe interior diameters is 0.075 meter, length respectively 1 meter, 0.3 meter and 0.3 meter escape passage 2, respectively constitute Biology escapes the irrigation canals and ditches section of facility, linkage section and farmland section.Before escaping passage 2 and L-type pipe joint connection, with glue cloth (only Let out adhesive plaster) it is wound around, prevent escaping passage 2 and L-type pipe joint and be separated by hydraulic pressure effect or occur leaking.Irrigation canals and ditches section is escaped logical Gateway, road 2 end has the fixing circular hole that 2 diameters are about 5 millimeters, escapes passage 2 with tied rope tying, and other end system hangs down weight Fragment of brick, is set to 0.35 meter according to irrigation canals and ditches general water level tied rope length.Gateway end tied rope tying volume is the sky of 800 milliliters Plastic bottle makes the mouth of pipe be positioned in the water surface as floating drum, floating drum and vertical weight combinations, and beneficially biology is climbed and escaped in passage 2. Farmland Duan Huitian passage 23 gateway then lowering is to face, field.The field biology being strayed into irrigation canals and ditches just can be entered by the entrance bubbled through the water column Escape passage 2, and utilize the ripple of tube wall to trace back, escape and return to field.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention 2:
In filling row's irrigation canals and ditches that vertical depth is 1 meter, in every 80 meters of irrigation canals and ditches, field biology Lumbricus, Rana nigromaculata and Enhydris chinensis etc. are strayed into ditch The more canal section of canal arranges that biology escapes facility, according to irrigation canals and ditches mean water height, canal wall width, canal top to farmland distance and slope Ratio, intercepting 3 pipe interior diameters is 0.15 meter, length respectively 1.5 meters, 0.6 meter and 0.5 meter escape passage 2, respectively constitute life Thing escapes the irrigation canals and ditches section of facility, linkage section and farmland section.Before escaping passage 2 and L-type pipe joint connection, with glue cloth (stopping leak Adhesive plaster) it is wound around, prevent from escaping passage 2 and L-type pipe joint by departing from about hydraulic pressure or occurring leaking.Irrigation canals and ditches section escapes gateway End has the fixing circular hole that 2 diameters are about 5 millimeters, escapes passage 2 with tied rope tying, and other end system hangs down weight stone, according to Irrigation canals and ditches general water level tied rope length is set to 0.6 meter.Make with the empty plastic bottle that tied rope tying volume is 800 milliliters by the end of gateway For floating drum, floating drum and vertical weight combinations, the mouth of pipe being positioned in the water surface, beneficially biology is climbed and is escaped in passage 2.Farmland section is returned The then lowering of field passage 23 gateway is to face, field.Biological just can the entrance by the entrance bubbled through the water column in field being strayed into irrigation canals and ditches escapes passage 2, and utilize the ripple of tube wall to trace back, escape and return to field.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention 3:
In filling row's irrigation canals and ditches that vertical depth is 1.5 meters, in every 50 meters of irrigation canals and ditches, field biology Lumbricus, Rana nigromaculata and Enhydris chinensis etc. are strayed into The more canal section of irrigation canals and ditches arranges that biology escapes facility, according to irrigation canals and ditches mean water height, canal wall width, canal top to farmland distance and slope Ratio, intercepting 3 pipe interior diameters is 0.20 meter, length respectively 2 meters, 0.6 meter and 0.5 meter escape passage 2, respectively constitute biology Escape the irrigation canals and ditches section of facility, linkage section and farmland section.Before escaping passage 2 and L-type pipe joint connection, with glue cloth (stopping leak glue Cloth) it is wound around, prevent from escaping passage 2 and L-type pipe joint by departing from about hydraulic pressure or occurring leaking.Irrigation canals and ditches section is escaped passage 2 and is gone out Arrival end has the fixing circular hole that 2 diameters are about 10 millimeters, escapes passage 2 with tied rope tying, and other end system hangs down weight stone, It is set to 0.8 meter according to irrigation canals and ditches general water level tied rope length.Mould with the sky that tied rope tying volume is 1000 milliliters by the end of gateway Material bottle makes the mouth of pipe be positioned in the water surface as floating drum, floating drum and vertical weight combinations, and beneficially biology is climbed and escaped in passage 2.Agriculture Field Duan Huitian passage 23 gateway then lowering is to face, field.Biological just can the entrance by the entrance bubbled through the water column in field being strayed into irrigation canals and ditches is escaped De-passage 2, and utilize the ripple of tube wall to trace back, escape and return to field.
The biology of the present invention is escaped device and is made full use of existing irrigation canals and ditches, is mountable to existing irrigation canals and ditches optional position, decreases Being strayed into the biological dead quantity of " three light " irrigation canals and ditches, its cost is cheap, and it is convenient to install, can Reusability.Simply it is used for Modern agriculture fills row's irrigation canals and ditches, and field biology can be assisted to free in and out irrigation canals and ditches and the packaged type device of paddy field activity.
Certainly, the invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, and those of ordinary skill in the art are without prejudice to this It may also be made that equivalent variations or replacement on the premise of spirit, deformation or the replacement of these equivalents are all contained in the application right In requirement limited range.

Claims (10)

1. a farmland ditch biology escapes device, it is characterised in that: include in being placed on irrigation and drainage canal (16) escape logical Road (2), described in escape one end of passage (2) and be provided with floating thing (4), described in escape the other end of passage (2) and be provided with for placing Turnover passage (21) on Qu Bi (14).
Farmland ditch biology the most according to claim 1 escapes device, it is characterised in that: described turnover passage (21) is even It is connected to time field passage (23) for being communicated to farmland (11).
Farmland ditch biology the most according to claim 2 escapes device, it is characterised in that: described turnover passage (21) is Qian shape pipe, or described in escape passage (2) with turnover passage (21) and turnover passage (21) with return field passage (23) all pass through L-type Pipe (3) switching.
Farmland ditch biology the most as claimed in any of claims 1 to 3 escapes device, it is characterised in that escape described in: De-passage (2) is provided with vertical weight (5), and described vertical weight (5) ties up to escape on passage (2) by rope.
Farmland ditch biology the most according to claim 4 escapes device, it is characterised in that escapes passage (2) described in: and is provided with At least one fixing hole (1), described vertical weight (5) and/or floating thing (4) lie on fixing hole (1).
Farmland ditch biology the most according to claim 4 escapes device, it is characterised in that: described vertical weight (5) is stone Or fragment of brick or cement block.
Farmland ditch biology the most as claimed in any of claims 1 to 3 escapes device, it is characterised in that escape described in: De-passage (2) inwall is provided with anti-skidding lines.
Farmland ditch biology the most according to claim 7 escapes device, it is characterised in that: described anti-skidding lines is ring-type Corrugation grooves or ring-type convex tendon or Pedicellus et Pericarpium Trapae check.
Farmland ditch biology the most as claimed in any of claims 1 to 3 escapes device, it is characterised in that escape described in: De-passage (2) is round tube, and described floating thing (4) is arranged to escape among passage (2) or be arranged at escapes passage (2) outward Wall, described floating thing (4) is floating drum or kickboard or foam or wood or plastics empty bottle.
Farmland ditch biology the most as claimed in any of claims 1 to 3 escapes device, it is characterised in that: described The angle escaping passage (2) and the water surface is 0~60 degree.
CN201610529858.6A 2016-07-06 2016-07-06 A kind of farmland ditch biology escapes device Pending CN106120680A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201610529858.6A CN106120680A (en) 2016-07-06 2016-07-06 A kind of farmland ditch biology escapes device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610529858.6A CN106120680A (en) 2016-07-06 2016-07-06 A kind of farmland ditch biology escapes device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108951578A (en) * 2018-07-10 2018-12-07 连云港市土地整理中心 A kind of net formula biological corridor of lining canal

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CN1932164A (en) * 2006-09-30 2007-03-21 梁菊明 Energy-saving ecological farm field irrigation drainage channel
KR20090012296A (en) * 2008-12-30 2009-02-03 한민섭 Concrete structures and stone structures with ecological pathways to restore natural ecosystems
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108951578A (en) * 2018-07-10 2018-12-07 连云港市土地整理中心 A kind of net formula biological corridor of lining canal

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Application publication date: 20161116