CN106078383B - The high-silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner convex surface of the silicon particles and the corner edge of the apparatus and processing method - Google Patents

The high-silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner convex surface of the silicon particles and the corner edge of the apparatus and processing method Download PDF

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CN106078383B
CN106078383B CN 201610417374 CN201610417374A CN106078383B CN 106078383 B CN106078383 B CN 106078383B CN 201610417374 CN201610417374 CN 201610417374 CN 201610417374 A CN201610417374 A CN 201610417374A CN 106078383 B CN106078383 B CN 106078383B
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liner
silicon
unit
aluminum alloy
loading
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CN 201610417374
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CN106078383A (en )
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徐久军
徐佳子
李承娣
朱峰
沈岩
王维伟
金梅
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大连海事大学
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Abstract

本发明公开了种使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备及加工方法,打磨单元包括主杆、安装在主杆两端的带座轴承和通过橡胶圈夹具固定在主杆中部用于转动打磨的橡胶圈;带座轴承固定于往复运动单元的轴承座固定板上;主杆的端部设置有旋转运动单元的花键圆盘;加载单元顶部的缸套试样夹具设置于橡胶圈底部。 The present invention discloses a kind of the high-silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner convex surface of the silicon particles and the corner edge of the apparatus and processing method, grinding unit includes a main lever mounted on both ends of the main pole and the bearing seat belt by a rubber ring clamp to the main lever middle rubber ring for rotating the grinding; seat belt bearing fixing plate fixed to the chock unit reciprocates; end of the main lever splined disc is provided with a rotational movement of the unit; Cylinder specimen holder disposed on top of the loading unit rubber ring on the bottom. 本发明所述的使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备及加工方法,适用于高硅铝合金材料,在平面试样实现硅颗粒凸出的效果,也能够在缸套的圆筒状弧面实现;加工的缸套,硅颗粒凸出并且边角实现球化,以此提高其摩擦性能,降低摩擦系数。 The present invention is the high silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner convex surface of the silicon particles and the corner edge of the apparatus and processing method for high-silicon aluminum alloy, to achieve the effect of the silicon particles in the plane of projection of the sample, the cylinder can be a cylindrical sleeve arc implemented; processing cylinder, and the projecting corners of the silicon particles to achieve the ball, in order to improve the friction properties and reduce the coefficient of friction.

Description

使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备及加工方法 The high-silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner convex surface of the silicon particles and the corner edge of the apparatus and processing method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及材料表面改进技术领域,涉及到一种使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化的设备及方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a surface material to improve the technical field relates to a liner surface of the high-silicon aluminum and silicon particles convex side of the corner device and method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]当代汽车零部件逐步向轻量化发展,高硅铝合金缸套因其质量轻,导热性好等优点受到关注。 [0002] contemporary auto parts gradually to the development of lightweight, high silicon aluminum alloy liners because of its light weight, thermal conductivity and good attention. 气缸套是内燃机工作中摩擦行为频繁的零件,其耐磨性需要进一步提高。 An internal combustion engine cylinder liner frequent working friction behavior of parts which need to further improve the wear resistance. 作为承担发动机内部摩擦磨损任务的零件,缸套材料就需要提高耐磨性,途径之一便是改进其表面的形态。 As a commitment tasks inside the engine friction and wear parts, the need to improve the wear resistance of the liner material, is one way of improving the surface morphology. 在摩擦磨损状态下,高硅铝合金材料的理想结构是硅颗粒凸出进行承载,凹下的铝基体位置储油便于润滑效果。 In the friction wear state, over the structure of a high silicon aluminum alloy is silicon particles projecting bearer, aluminum matrix recessed position to facilitate lubrication oil.

[0003]化学腐蚀的方法虽然能够实现这一结构,但是腐蚀液会造成环境污染,而且凸出的硅颗粒边角尖锐,易脱落,腐蚀时间也需要严格控制。 [0003] While a chemical etching process can achieve such a structure, but the etching solution will cause environmental pollution, and the silicon particles protruding sharp edges, easy to fall off, etching time must be strictly controlled. 为了提高高硅铝合金缸套的摩擦磨损性能,找到一种环保易操作的方法使缸套表面硅颗粒凸出并且边角球化是非常有意义的。 In order to improve friction and wear properties of high silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner, a method to find an environmentally friendly and easy to operate so that the liner and the convex surface of the silicon particles of the corner edges is very significant.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004]根据上述提出的技术问题,而提供一种使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备及加工方法,用以解决现有的化学腐蚀方法,腐蚀液会造成环境污染,而且凸出的硅颗粒边角尖锐,易脱落,腐蚀时间也需要严格控制的缺点。 [0004] The technical problem set forth above, and the high-silicon aluminum alloy is provided a liner surface of the silicon particles and the convex side of the corner of the apparatus and processing method to solve the conventional chemical etching method, the etching solution will cause environmental pollution, and silicon particles protruding sharp edges, easy to fall off, etching time required drawbacks strictly controlled. 本发明采用的技术手段如下: [0005] —种使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备,包括:用于支撑的支架台、用于对缸套试样进行打磨的打磨单元、用于对打磨单元提供旋转动力的旋转运动单元、 用于对缸套试样同打磨单元进行加载的加载单元和用于控制打磨单元往复运动的往复运动单元;所述打磨单元包括主杆、安装在主杆两端的带座轴承和通过橡胶圈夹具固定在主杆中部用于转动打磨的橡胶圈;所述的带座轴承固定于往复运动单元的轴承座固定板上, 使带座轴承能够在主杆的轴向方向往复运动;所述主杆的端部设置有旋转运动单元的花键圆盘;所述加载单元顶部的缸套试样夹具设置于橡胶圈底部。 Technical means adopted by the invention as follows: [0005] - the high-silicon aluminum species liner surface of the silicon particles and the convex side of the corner of the device, comprising: a table for supporting the stand, for grinding samples liner grinding means for rotational movement of the rotational power unit provides grinding unit for loading a sample liner and a loading unit for controlling the grinding unit reciprocation means reciprocates with the sanding unit; the grinding unit comprises a main lever mounted on both ends of the main pole and the bearing seat belt by a rubber ring clamp to the middle of the main lever for rotating the grinding rubber ring; said seat belt bearing fixing plate fixed to the chock unit to reciprocate the seat belt bearings can reciprocate in the axial direction of the main shaft; end of the main lever splined disc is provided with a rotational moving unit; said loading cylinder liner top specimen holder unit is disposed at the bottom of the rubber ring.

[0006] 作为优选所述的往复运动单元包括:一号调速电机、偏心轮、连接杆、轴承座固定板、导轨和滑块;两个所述的轴承座固定板底部分别设置有滑块,所述的滑块设置于导轨上,两个所述的导轨固定于支架台的水平台面上;所述的轴承座固定板通过连接杆连接有偏心轮,所述的偏心轮传动连接有一号调速电机。 [0006] As the reciprocating movement means preferably comprises: One speed motor, an eccentric, a connecting rod, bearing fixing plate, the guide rail and the slider; a bottom plate fixed to the two bearing blocks are provided with a slider the slider is provided on the rail which is fixed to the two horizontal support table station; said bearing block by a connecting rod connected to the fixing plate has an eccentric, said eccentric drive is connected to One Speed ​​motor.

[0007]作为优选所述的加载单元包括缸套试样夹具、主板、压力传感器、自调心连接块、 加载螺杆、直线导轨和加载螺杆支板;所述的缸套试样夹具固定于主板的上表面,所述的主板底部设置有用于支撑的四根直线导轨,所述的直线导轨固定在支架台上;所述的主板下方依次设置有压力传感器、自调心连接块和加载螺杆,所述的压力传感器通过连接线依次连接有变送器和载荷显示表;所述的加载螺杆具有的外螺纹能够同加载螺杆支板螺孔具有的内螺纹螺纹连接,并且能够使加载螺杆转动后在竖直方向升降。 [0007] As the loading unit preferably includes a liner specimen grips, motherboard, a pressure sensor, a self-aligning connector block loading screw, linear guide, and loading screw support plate; said cylinder liner is fixed to the specimen grips Board the upper surface of the board is provided with a bottom portion for supporting the four linear guide, the linear guide fixed to the support bed; sequentially disposed below said board with a pressure sensor, self-aligning and loading screw connection block, the pressure sensor connecting cable is in turn connected by a transmitter and a load display table; loading said outer threaded screw having a screw can be loaded with a support plate having an internal thread screw threaded connection, and enables the screw is rotated after loading down in the vertical direction.

[0008] 作为优选所述的旋转运动单元包括从动皮带轮支架、从动皮带轮内套、从动皮带轮、轴承、卡簧、花键圆盘、皮带、皮带轮和二号调速电机;所述的从动皮带轮支架设置于支架台的水平台面上,从动皮带轮内套通过螺丝固定在从动皮带轮支架上,从动皮带轮内套上通过轴承和卡簧设置有从动皮带轮;所述的从动皮带轮通过花键圆盘同主杆端部固定, 所述的从动皮带轮通过皮带传动连接有二号调速电机。 [0008] As the rotational movement of said unit preferably comprises a driven pulley bracket, the sleeve driven pulley, a driven pulley, bearings, retainer, splined discs, belts, pulleys and motor speed control II; the a driven pulley disposed on the bracket horizontal carriage block table, the driven pulley is fixed to the sleeve by a screw driven pulley bracket, the driven pulley and by a bearing sleeve is provided with a circlip driven pulley; said follower pulley by spline with the main disc fixed to the rod end portion of the driven pulley connected via a belt drive with a motor speed control II.

[0009] 作为优选所述的橡胶圈和缸套试样夹具外部设置有用于防护的玻璃罩,所述的玻璃罩底部同加载单元上部的主板通过密封玻璃圈密封设置。 [0009] As the rubber ring and liner sample is preferably disposed outside of the jig for glass protection, glass with an upper portion of said bottom loading unit motherboard seal provided by the sealing glass ring.

[0010] 作为优选所述的一号调速电机同偏心轮间设置有齿轮减速器I,并通过无级调速器I调节转速。 [0010] Preferably, the motor takes the first speed gear reducer is provided with between the eccentric I, and I adjust the speed by variable speed control.

[0011] 作为优选所述的二号调速电机输出端设置有齿轮减速器n,并通过无级调速器n 调节转速。 [0011] provided as the 2nd output end of motor speed according to gear reducer is preferably n, n and by adjusting the speed of variable speed control.

[0012] 一种上述使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备的加工方法,具有以下步骤: [0012] A high silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner so that the aforementioned surface of the silicon particles and the convex side of the corner device processing method, comprising the following steps:

[0013] 一安装缸套试样固定于缸套试样夹具上。 [0013] a specimen holder mounted on the cylinder barrel liner specimen holder.

[0014] 一接通二号调速电机电源,橡胶圈旋转运动,转速范围为1〜620r/min。 [0014] a power supply is turned II speed motor, the rotational movement of the rubber ring, the range of speed 1~620r / min.

[0015] 一接通一号调速电机电源,橡胶圈沿主杆径向往复运动,往复运动转速范围为1〜 620r/min。 [0015] One turning on a power source speed motor, the rubber ring in the main shaft to reciprocate radially reciprocating speed range of 1~ 620r / min.

[0016] 一转动加载螺杆把手,缸套试样向上移动,使缸套试样与橡胶圈接触,载荷在1〜 500N范围内调节,使缸套试样表面的铝被磨掉而硅颗粒凸出且使其边角球化。 [0016] a loading screw rotation handle is moved upward liner sample, contacting the sample with a rubber ring liner, in 1~ 500N load adjusting range, the aluminum surface of the sample and the worn liner is convex silicon particles and an edge corner of it.

[0017]与现有技术相比较,本发明所述的使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备及加工方法,具有以下优点: [0017] Compared with the prior art, the present invention makes the high silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner convex surface of the silicon particles and the corner edge of the apparatus and processing method, has the following advantages:

[0018] 1、本发明所述的使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备及加工方法, 适用于高硅铝合金材料,在平面试样实现硅颗粒凸出的效果,也能够在缸套的圆筒状弧面实现。 [0018] 1, the high-silicon aluminum alloys of the present invention, the liner and the convex surface of the silicon particles of the corner edge processing method and apparatus, suitable for high-silicon aluminum alloy, to achieve the effect of the silicon particles in the plane of projection of the sample , the liner can be achieved in a cylindrical arc.

[0019] 2、本发明所述的使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备及加工方法, 加工的缸套,硅颗粒凸出并且边角实现球化,以此提高其摩擦性能,降低摩擦系数。 [0019] 2, the high-silicon aluminum alloys of the present invention, the liner and the side surface of the silicon particles projecting corner of the apparatus and processing method, processing the liner, and the silicon particles projecting corners to achieve the ball, in order to improve friction performance, reduce the friction coefficient.

[0020] 3、本发明所述的使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备及加工方法, 设备所用材料常见,成本低,实现度高;简单易操作,对操作人员的技术要求不高;对环境无污染,环保。 [0020] 3, the high-silicon aluminum alloys of the present invention, the liner and the convex surface of the silicon particles of the corner edge processing method and apparatus, a material commonly used equipment, low costs, high; easy to operate, the operator the technology not ask for much; environmental pollution, and environmental protection.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0021]下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细的说明。 [0021] The present invention will be further described in detail in conjunction with accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

[0022] 图1是本发明的正视图。 [0022] FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention.

[0023] 图2是本发明的俯视图。 [0023] FIG. 2 is a plan view of the invention.

[0024]图3-1是本发明使高娃错合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备及加工方法加工的缸套表面形貌图。 [0024] FIG. 3-1 of the present invention is that the surface of the silicon liner Gaowa wrong alloy particles and the convex side of the corner of the apparatus and processing method for processing the surface topography of the liner.

[0025]图3-2是现有技术化学腐蚀后的缸套表面形貌图。 [0025] FIG. 3-2 is a view of the liner surface topography prior art chemical etching.

[0026]图4-1是本发明使高娃错合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备及加工方法加工的缸套表面凸出的硅颗粒表面形貌线图。 [0026] FIG. 4-1 of the present invention is that the surface topography Gaowa dislocation line in FIG liner surface of the silicon alloy particles of silicon particles and the convex side of the corner of the apparatus and processing method for processing the convex surface of the liner.

[0027] 图4-2是现有技术化学腐蚀后的缸套表面凸出的硅颗粒表面形貌线图。 [0027] FIG. 4-2 is a prior art liner surface after chemical etching of the silicon particles convex surface topography line in FIG.

[0028] 图5是本发明的摩擦系数对比图。 [0028] FIG. 5 is a comparison of the coefficient of friction of the present invention of FIG.

[0029]图6是本发明缸套磨损量对比图。 [0029] FIG. 6 is a comparison of the amount of wear liner according to the present invention, FIG.

[0030] 其中:1、一号调速电机,2、偏心轮,3、连接杆,4、轴承座固定板,5、导轨,6、滑块,7、 带座轴承,8、主杆,9、密封玻璃圈,10、玻璃罩,11、橡胶圈夹具,I2、橡胶圈,13、缸套试样, 14、缸套试样夹具,15、主板,16、压力传感器,17、自调心连接块,18、加载螺杆,19、直线导轨,20、加载螺杆支板21、从动皮带轮支架,22、从动皮带轮内套,23、从动皮带轮,24、轴承, 25、卡簧,26、花键圆盘,27、皮带,28、皮带轮,29、二号调速电机,30、齿轮减速器n,31、齿轮减速器I,32、支架台,33、变送器,34、载荷显示表,35、无级调速器I,36、无级调速器n。 [0030] wherein: 1. One motor speed, 2, eccentric, 3, connecting rod 4, a bearing housing fixed plate 5, the guide rail 6, a slider 7, bearings, 8, the main lever, 9, the glass sealing ring 10, glass cover 11, the rubber ring clamp, I2, rubber ring 13, a sample liner 14, the liner specimen holder, 15, motherboard 16, a pressure sensor, 17, self-adjusting heart connecting block, 18, loading screw 19, linear guide 20, support plate loading screw 21, driven pulley bracket 22, the driven pulley sets 23, the driven pulley 24, bearing 25, circlip, 26, disc spline 27, belt 28, pulley 29, on the 2nd speed motor 30, gear reducer n, 31, the gear reducer I, 32, counters 33, transmitters, 34, load indicator, 35, variable speed device I, 36, variable speed is n.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0031] 如图1和图2所示,一种使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备,包括: 用于支撑的支架台32、用于对缸套试样13进行打磨的打磨单元、用于对打磨单元提供旋转动力的旋转运动单元、用于对缸套试样13同打磨单元进行加载的加载单元和用于控制打磨单元往复运动的往复运动单元。 [0031] FIG. 1 and FIG. A high silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner 2 so that the surface of the silicon particles and the convex side of the corner of the device, comprising: a table for supporting a bracket 32 ​​for a sample 13 on cylinder grinding means for grinding, the means for providing rotational movement of the rotational force to the grinding unit for grinding with the cylinder liner 13 a sample unit and a loading unit loading unit for controlling the reciprocation of grinding unit reciprocates.

[0032] 所述打磨单元包括主杆8、安装在主杆8两端的带座轴承7和通过橡胶圈夹具11固定在主杆8中部用于转动打磨的橡胶圈12;所述的带座轴承7固定于往复运动单元的轴承座固定板4上,使带座轴承7能够在主杆8的轴向方向往复运动;所述的往复运动单元包括:一号调速电机1、偏心轮2、连接杆3、轴承座固定板4、导轨5和滑块6;所述的一号调速电机1同偏心轮2间设置有齿轮减速器131,并通过无级调速器135调节转速。 [0032] The grinding unit comprises a main lever 8, mounted on the ends of the main lever 8 and the seat belt 7 by a rubber bearing clamp ring 11 secured to the main lever for the rotation of the middle rubber ring 8 grinding 12; said seat belt bearing 7 is fixed to the reciprocating movement of the unit plate 4 fixed to the bearing housing, the bearing seat the tape 7 can reciprocate in the axial direction of the main lever 8; the reciprocation unit comprises: One speed motor 1, an eccentric 2, connecting rod 3, a bearing housing fixed plate 4, the guide rails 5 and the slider 6; the number one speed motor 1 is provided with two eccentric gear reducer 131, and 135 by adjusting the speed of variable speed control. 两个所述的轴承座固定板4底部分别设置有滑块6,所述的滑块6设置于导轨5上,两个所述的导轨5固定于支架台32 的水平台面上;所述的轴承座固定板4通过连接杆3连接有偏心轮2,所述的偏心轮2传动连接有一号调速电机1。 Two of said bearing seat bottom fixed plate 4 are provided with a slider 6, the slider 6 is provided on the rail 5, the rail 5 is fixed to two horizontal bracket 32 ​​of the table; the a bearing housing fixed plate 4 by a connecting rod 3 is connected to an eccentric wheel 2, the second transmission eccentric One speed motor 1 is connected.

[0033] 所述主杆8的端部设置有旋转运动单元的花键圆盘26;所述的旋转运动单元包括从动皮带轮支架21、从动皮带轮内套22、从动皮带轮23、轴承24、卡簧25、花键圆盘26、皮带27、皮带轮28和二号调速电机29;所述的二号调速电机29输出端设置有齿轮减速器n;B0,并通过无级调速器n 36调节转速。 [0033] The end portion of the main lever splined disc 8 is provided with a rotational movement of the unit 26; said means comprises a rotational movement of the driven pulley bracket 21, the inner sleeve 22 of the driven pulley, the driven pulley 23, the bearing 24 , circlip 25, the disc splines 26, belt 27, pulley 28 and motor 29 speed II; 29 II of the output of the speed motor provided with a gear reducer n; B0, and by a variable speed n 36 is adjusted speed.

[0034] 所述的从动皮带轮支架21设置于支架台32的水平台面上,并且从动皮带轮支架21 套过主杆8固定在支架台32上,从动皮带轮内套22通过螺丝固定在从动皮带轮支架21上通过轴承24和卡簧25设置有从动皮带轮23;所述的从动皮带轮23通过花键圆盘26同主杆8端部固定,并且花键圆盘26通过花键和主杆8传动连接。 [0034] The driven pulley 21 is provided on the holder bracket horizontal base table 32, and sets the driven pulley 21 through the holder main lever 8 is fixed to the holder 32, the driven pulley 22 through a sleeve screwed from movable pulley bracket 21 via a bearing 23 with a driven pulley 24 and the circlip 25 are provided; the driven pulley 23 is splined to the disk 26 with the main lever 8 fixed to the end portion, and the disc 26 by the spline and spline drive 8 connected to the main lever.

[0035] 所述的从动皮带轮23通过皮带27传动连接有二号调速电机29。 [0035] The driven pulley 23 is connected by a drive belt 27 with a motor 29 speed II.

[0036]所述加载单元顶部的缸套试样夹具14设置于橡胶圈12底部;所述的加载单元包括缸套试样夹具14、主板15、压力传感器16、自调心连接块17、加载螺杆18、直线导轨19和加载螺杆支板20;所述的缸套试样夹具14固定于主板15的上表面,所述的主板15底部设置有用于支撑的四根直线导轨19,所述的直线导轨丨9固定在支架台32上;所述的主板15下方依次设置有压力传感器16、自调心连接块17和加载螺杆18,所述的压力传感器16通过连接线依次连接有变送器33和载荷显示表34;在加载的时候,缸套试样丨3受力,将力传递给压力传感器16,压力传感器16通过变送器33将信号放大,在载荷显示表34上显示出压力值。 [0036] The specimen holder Cylinder loading unit 14 is provided on top of the bottom of the rubber ring 12; loading unit of the sample holder 14 comprises a cylinder liner, the main board 15, pressure sensor 16, self-aligning connector block 17, load screw 18, linear guide 19 and loading the screw support plate 20; the sample holder 14 is fixed to the cylinder liner upper surface 15 of the main board, the main board 15 is provided with a bottom for supporting the four linear guides 19, the Shu linear guide 9 is fixed to the holder 32; 15 sequentially beneath said board is provided with a pressure sensor 16, connector block 17 from the aligning and loading screw 18, the pressure sensor 16 in turn connected by a connecting line with a transmitter 33 and table 34 show the load; at load time, Shu liner sample 3 by the force, the force is transmitted to the pressure sensor 16, pressure sensor 16 is amplified by the signal transmitter 33, displayed on the display table 34 in the load pressure value.

[0037]所述的加载螺杆18具有的外螺纹能够同加载螺杆支板20螺孔具有的内螺纹螺纹连接,并且能够使加载螺杆18转动后在竖直方向升降。 Loading said screw [0037] 18 having an outer thread of the screw can be loaded with the support plate 20 has an internal thread screw connection, and enables loading of the screw 18 is rotated after lifting in the vertical direction.

[0038] 所述的橡胶圈12和缸套试样夹具14外部设置有用于防护的玻璃罩10,所述的玻璃罩10底部同加载单元上部的主板15通过密封玻璃圈9密封设置,密封玻璃圈9用密封胶胶在主板15上,玻璃罩10装在密封玻璃圈9内。 [0038] The rubber ring 12 and outer liner 14 is provided with a specimen holder for protection glass 10, a bottom of the cover glass 10 loaded with the motherboard through the upper unit 15 is provided a sealing ring 9 sealing glass, the sealing glass adhesive sealant ring 9 on the motherboard 15, the cover glass 10 in a sealed glass ring 9.

[0039] 如图所示,一种上述使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备的加工方法,具有以下步骤: [0039] As shown, the high-silicon aluminum alloy of the above liner and the convex surface of the silicon particles of the corner edge device processing method, comprising the following steps:

[0040] 1、把42mm X 9mm X 7mm的缸套试样13固定于缸套试样夹具14上,并罩上玻璃罩10。 [0040] 1, the liner samples X 7mm 42mm 9mm X 13 is fixed to a specimen holder on the cylinder liner 14 and cover glass 10.

[0041] 2、接通二号调速电机29电源,橡胶圈12旋转运动,转速在1〜620r/min范围内调节。 [0041] 2, the power supply 29 is turned 12 rotates, the rubber ring II movement speed motor, speed regulation in 1~620r / min range.

[0042] 3、接通一号调速电机1电源,橡胶圈12沿主杆8径向往复运动,往复运动转速在1〜 620r/min范围内调节。 [0042] 3, 8 turned radially One reciprocation speed motor power supply, the rubber ring 12 in the main shaft, the rotational speed control reciprocation within 1~ 620r / min range.

[0043] 4、转动加载螺杆18把手,缸套试样13向上移动,使缸套试样13与橡胶圈12接触,载荷在1〜500N范围内调节,优选加载到额定载荷5N,使缸套试样13表面的铝被磨掉而硅颗粒凸出且使其边角球化。 [0043] 4, the handle 18 is rotated to load the screw, cylinder 13 is moved upward sample, so the sample liner 13 contact with the rubber ring 12, a load adjustment range within 1~500N, preferably 5N loaded to the rated load, so that the liner the aluminum surface of the sample 13 is worn away so that the silicon particles and the projecting edge of the corner.

[0044] 5、将处理后的缸套试样13进行清洗,用OLYMPUS公司LEXT (0LS31⑽型3D激光共聚焦显微镜观察试样的表面形貌。 [0044] 5, the liner 13 treated sample was washed by OLYMPUS Corporation LEXT (0LS31⑽ confocal laser scanning microscope type 3D surface morphology of the sample.

[0045] 6、选用铬基陶瓷复合镀活塞环与缸套配对进行摩擦磨损试验。 [0045] 6, the choice of chromium-based ceramic composite plated piston rings and cylinder friction and wear test pairing. 为了对比数据,未处理的缸套与处理后的缸套采用同样的试验参数。 For comparative data, and cylinder liner untreated after treatment using the same test parameters.

[0046] 如图3-1和图3-2所不,是用3D激光共聚焦显微镜拍摄的缸套表面凸出的娃颗粒表面形貌图,如图4-1和图4-2所示,线图是凸出的硅颗粒表面形貌线,能够对比出本发明加工的缸套同现有技术化学腐蚀加工的缸套的区别,如图3-1所示,本发明处理后的硅颗粒凸出且边角球化、圆化,而图3-2所示,现有技术化学腐蚀后的硅颗粒凸出且边角尖锐。 [0046] Figure 3-1 and 3-2 are not, with 3D confocal microscope imaging surface of the liner projecting baby particle surface topography, Figure 4-1 and Figure 4-2 , the line is convex FIG silicon particle surface morphology line, can be compared with the difference between the present invention is processed with the prior art liner processing chemical corrosion of the liner, as shown, the process of the present invention shown in FIG silicon 3-1 and the convex side of the corner granules, rounded, and as shown in Figure 3-2, the silicon particles prior art chemical corrosion and projecting sharp edges.

[0047] 本发明所述的使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备及加工方法,采用软且弹性大的材料作为基体,镶嵌一种硬质颗粒制成摩擦材料,旋转并往复摩擦高硅铝合金合金缸套表面,使缸套表面的铝被磨掉而硅颗粒凸出,是主要为解决高硅铝合金缸套而进行的研发。 [0047] the high silicon aluminum alloy of the present invention, the liner and the convex surface of the silicon particles equipment and processing method of the corner edge, and an elastic soft material as a large substrate, a rigid insert made of friction material particles, rotate and rubs the surface of the liner alloy high silicon aluminum alloy, the aluminum surface is abraded liner and silicon particles protruding, it is mainly developed to solve the high silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner carried out.

[0048] 考虑到使用材料的成本及实用性,摩擦材料选用软橡胶作为基体,金刚石粉末作为硬质颗粒,即采用软橡胶中镶嵌金刚石颗粒。 [0048] Considering the cost and practicality of use of the material, the friction material use soft rubber as the substrate, the diamond powder as the hard particles, i.e., soft rubber inlaid diamond particles. 用此方法处理高硅铝合金缸套表面后,选用铬基陶瓷复合镀活塞环与缸套配对进行摩擦磨损试验,试验结果显示配对副的摩擦系数明显有所降低。 After treatment with this method high silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner surface, the choice of chromium-based ceramic composite plating piston ring and cylinder wear test Friction pairing, the coefficient of friction test showed significantly reduced mating pairs. 如图5所示,与未处理的缸套进行对比,此方法处理后的缸套配对副的摩擦系数由0.141降低到0.121,降幅达14%。 5, compared with untreated cylinder, the friction coefficient of the sub-liner after this matching method for processing reduced from 0.141 to 0.121, a drop of 14%. 如图6所示,与未处理的缸套相比,此方法处理后的缸套试样13的磨损量由0 • 7mg降到0 • 2mg。 6, compared to untreated liner, the wear amount of the sample after the liner 13 by this method worked down to 0 • 7mg 0 • 2mg.

[0049] 本发明所设计的设备往复转速能够达到1〜62〇r/min,旋转转速能够达1〜62〇r/ min,加载力能够达到1〜500N。 [0049] The present invention is designed to achieve speed reciprocating device 1~62〇r / min, the rotational speed can be reached 1~62〇r / min, the loading force can be achieved 1~500N.

[0050] 摩擦磨损试验验证,此方法处理的缸套能够使配对副摩擦系数降低。 [0050] The friction and wear tests verified liner can be made of this method of treatment the coefficient of friction pairing sub reduced. 此发明不光能用在平面的试样上,也能够应用在缸套试样这种弧面上,设备所用的材料成本低,简单易操作,对环境无污染。 This invention can be used not only in the sample plane, it is possible that the sample applied on the liner arc, low-cost materials and equipment used, easy to operate, pollution to the environment. 该发明适用于改进高硅铝合金缸套表面形貌以提高摩擦性能。 The invention is suitable for improving the surface morphology of high silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner in order to improve friction properties. 」以上所述,仅为本发明较佳的具体实施方式,但本发明的保护范围并不局限于此, 任何熟悉本技术领域的技术人员在本发明揭露的技术范围内,根据本发明的技术方案及其发明构思加以等同替换或改变,都应涵盖在本发明的保护范围之内。 The above "is only preferred embodiments of the present invention DETAILED embodiment, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any skilled in the art in the art within the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, techniques according to the invention its embodiment the inventive concept to be altered or equivalents should fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 1. 一种使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备,其特征在于包括:用于支撑的支架台(32)、用于对缸套试样(I3)进行打磨的打磨单元、用于对打磨单元提供旋转动力的旋转运动单元、用于对缸套试样(I3)同打磨单元进行加载的加载单元和用于控制打磨单元往复运动的往复运动单元; 所述打磨单元包括主杆(8)、安装在主杆(8)两端的带座轴承(7)和通过橡胶圈夹具(11)固定在主杆⑻中部用于转动打磨的橡胶圈(12); 所述的带座轴承(7)固定于往复运动单元的轴承座固定板(4)上,使带座轴承(7)能够在主杆⑻的轴向方向往复运动; 所述主杆⑻的端部设置有旋转运动单元的花键圆盘(26); 所述加载单元顶部的缸套试样夹具(14)设置于橡胶圈(12)底部; 所述的往复运动单元包括:一号调速电机(1)、偏心轮(2)、连接杆(3)、轴承座固定板⑷、导轨⑸和 CLAIMS 1. A high silicon aluminum alloy cylinder barrel surface of the silicon particles of the corner edge and projecting apparatus, comprising: a table for supporting a bracket (32), for cylinder liner sample (I3) for grinding grinding means for rotational movement of the rotational power unit provides grinding unit for liner sample (I3) for loading and loading unit for controlling the grinding unit reciprocation means reciprocates with the sanding unit; the grinding unit comprises a main lever (8), mounted on the ends of the main rod (8) with a bearing seat (7) and by the rubber ring clamp (11) is fixed in the middle of the main lever for rotating the grinding ⑻ rubber ring (12); the the seat belt bearing (7) fixed to the reciprocating motion of the bearing housing unit fixing plate (4), so that the bearing seat belt (7) can be reciprocated in the axial direction of the main lever ⑻; the main pole ends disposed ⑻ spline disc (26) of the rotation motion units; loading said cylinder liner top of the specimen holder unit (14) disposed in the bottom of the rubber ring (12); said reciprocation means comprises: One motor speed ( 1), the eccentric (2), connecting rod (3), bearing fixing plate ⑷, ⑸ rail and 块(6); 两个所述的轴承座固定板(4)底部分别设置有滑块(6),所述的滑块(6)设置于导轨(5) 上,两个所述的导轨(5)固定于支架台(32)的水平台面上; 所述的轴承座固定板⑷通过连接杆(3)连接有偏心轮(2),所述的偏心轮⑵传动连接有一号调速电机(1)。 Block (6); (4) fixed bottom bearing plate are provided with two of said sliders (6), said slider (6) is provided on the upper rail (5), two of said guide rail ( 5) fixed to the carriage block (32) a horizontal table; said bearing housing fixed plate ⑷ connected by a connecting rod (3) has an eccentric (2), said eccentric drive ⑵ One is connected to the motor speed ( 1).
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备,其特征在于: 所述的加载单元包括缸套试样夹具(14)、主板(15)、压力传感器(16)、自调心连接块(17) 、加载螺杆(18)、直线导轨(19)和加载螺杆支板(20); 所述的缸套试样夹具(14)固定于主板(15)的上表面,所述的主板(15)底部设置有用于支撑的四根直线导轨(19),所述的直线导轨(19)固定在支架台(32)上; 所述的主板(15)下方依次设置有压力传感器(16)、自调心连接块(17)和加载螺杆(18) ,所述的压力传感器(16)通过连接线依次连接有变送器(33)和载荷显示表(34); 所述的加载螺杆(18)具有的外螺纹能够同加载螺杆支板(20)螺孔具有的内螺纹螺纹连接,并且能够使加载螺杆(18)转动后在竖直方向升降。 According to claim 1, the high-silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner convex surface of the silicon particles and the corner edge of the device, characterized in that: the loading unit comprises a liner specimen holder (14), motherboard (15) , a pressure sensor (16), self-aligning connector block (17), loading screw (18), linear guide (19) and loading screw support plate (20); the cylinder liner specimen clamp (14) is fixed to the mainboard (15) the upper surface of the board (15) is provided for the bottom four linear guide (19) supported on linear guides (19) fixed to the carriage block (32); said main board ( 15) is provided with a pressure sensor under the order (16), from the pressure sensor (16) aligning the connector block (17) and a loading screw (18), in turn connected to the transmitter via a connection line (33) and a load display table (34); said loading screw (18) having an outer thread of the screw can be loaded with the support plate (20) has an internal thread screw connection, and enables loading of the screw (18) is rotated after lifting in the vertical direction .
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备,其特征在于: 所述的旋转运动单元包括从动皮带轮支架(21)、从动皮带轮内套(22)、从动皮带轮(23)、轴承(24)、卡簧(25)、花键圆盘(26)、皮带(27)、皮带轮(28)和二号调速电机(29); 所述的从动皮带轮支架(21)设置于支架台(32)的水平台面上,从动皮带轮内套(22)通过螺丝固定在从动皮带轮支架(21)上通过轴承(24)和卡簧(25)设置有从动皮带轮(23); 所述的从动皮带轮(23)通过花键圆盘(26)同主杆(8)端部固定,所述的从动皮带轮(23)通过皮带(27)传动连接有二号调速电机(29 )。 According to claim 1, the high silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner convex surface of the silicon particles and the corner edge of the device, wherein: said rotational movement comprises a unit (21), the driven pulley driven pulley bracket sleeve (22), a driven pulley (23), the bearing (24), the circlip (25), splined disc (26), a belt (27), a pulley (28) and the 2nd speed motor (29); the driven pulley bracket (21) provided in the carriage block (32) a horizontal table, driven pulley inner sleeve (22) is fixed by a screw driven pulley bracket (21) through a bearing (24) and circlip (25) is provided with a driven pulley (23); a driven pulley (23) through a splined disc (26) with the main lever (8) fixed to an end portion of the driven pulley (23) by a belt (27) connected with a drive number two speed motor (29).
  4. 4. 根据权利要求1、2或3所述的使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备,其特征在于: 所述的橡胶圈(12)和缸套试样夹具(14)外部设置有用于防护的玻璃罩(10),所述的玻璃罩(10)底部同加载单元上部的主板(15)通过密封玻璃圈(9)密封设置。 The 1, 2 or 3 so that high silicon aluminum alloy cylinder barrel surface of the silicon particles of the corner edge and projecting apparatus as claimed in claim, wherein: said rubber ring (12) and the liner specimen holder ( 14) is provided externally with a cover glass (10) for the protection of the bottom of said cover glass (10) with an upper portion of the main board of the loading unit (15) (9) a glass seal provided by the sealing ring.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求1所述的使高娃铝合金缸套表面桂颗粒凸出且边角球化设备,其特征在于: 所述的一号调速电机⑴同偏心轮(2)间设置有齿轮减速器I (31),并通过无级调速器I (35)调节转速。 1, according to the liner surface Gui Gaowa aluminum particles projecting edge and the corner of the apparatus as claimed in claim, wherein: said ⑴ One speed motor with an eccentric (2) is provided between the gear reduction gear I (31), and by adjusting the speed of variable speed device I (35).
  6. 6. 根据权利要求3所述的使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备,其特征在于: 所述的二号调速电机(29)输出端设置有齿轮减速器n (30),并通过无级调速器n (36) 调节转速。 6. 3, the high silicon aluminum alloy cylinder barrel surface of the silicon particles of the corner edge and projecting apparatus according to claim, wherein: the number two speed motor (29) is provided with a gear reducer output terminal n (30), through the variable speed control and adjust the speed n (36).
  7. 7. —种上述权利要求1-6任意一项权利要求所述的使高硅铝合金缸套表面硅颗粒凸出且边角球化设备的加工方法,其特征在于: 一安装缸套试样(13)固定于缸套试样夹具(14)上; 一接通二号调速电机(29)电源,橡胶圈(12)旋转运动,转速范围为1〜620r/min; 一接通一号调速电机(1)电源,橡胶圈(12)沿主杆(8)径向往复运动,往复运动转速范围为1 〜620r/min; 一转动加载螺杆(IS)把手,缸套试样(I3)向上移动,使缸套试样(13)与橡胶圈(12)接触,载荷在1〜500N范围内调节,使缸套试样(I3)表面的铝被磨掉而硅颗粒凸出且使其边角球化。 7. - the high-silicon aluminum alloy cylinder barrel surface of the silicon particles of the above claims 1-6 in claim any preceding claim and said convex side of the corner processing apparatus, characterized in that: a liner mounted sample ( 13) is fixed to the jig liner sample (14); a motor speed control is turned II (12) a rotational movement (29) power, rubber ring, speed range of 1~620r / min; One turned a tune speed motor (1) power, a rubber ring (12) along the main lever (8) radially reciprocates the reciprocating speed in the range of 1 ~620r / min; a rotating loading screws (iS) of the handle, liner sample (I3) upward movement of the sample liner (13) and the rubber ring (12) in contact load is adjusted within a range 1~500N the liner sample (I3) and the aluminum surface is worn away so that the silicon particles and convex side corner of.
CN 201610417374 2016-06-14 2016-06-14 The high-silicon aluminum alloy cylinder liner convex surface of the silicon particles and the corner edge of the apparatus and processing method CN106078383B (en)

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CN106181718A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 佛山市麦多机械有限公司 Tubing polishing machine capable of reducing polishing scratches

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CN1224647A (en) * 1999-01-29 1999-08-04 中国兵器工业第五五研究所 Honing technology and equipment for cylinder sleeve of engine
CN201329523Y (en) * 2008-12-31 2009-10-21 刘鸿彬 Silicon rod taper or cylindrical numerical control grinder
CN201604035U (en) * 2009-12-11 2010-10-13 广东工业大学 Ultrasonic grinding equipment
US7822500B2 (en) * 2004-06-21 2010-10-26 Ebara Corporation Polishing apparatus and polishing method
CN201645275U (en) * 2010-04-02 2010-11-24 上海龙鉴机电自动化工程有限公司 Surface finishing device for aluminum alloy silicon wafer
CN104084874A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-10-08 双枪竹木科技有限责任公司 Automatic polishing machine for outer surface of metal

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1224647A (en) * 1999-01-29 1999-08-04 中国兵器工业第五五研究所 Honing technology and equipment for cylinder sleeve of engine
US7822500B2 (en) * 2004-06-21 2010-10-26 Ebara Corporation Polishing apparatus and polishing method
CN201329523Y (en) * 2008-12-31 2009-10-21 刘鸿彬 Silicon rod taper or cylindrical numerical control grinder
CN201604035U (en) * 2009-12-11 2010-10-13 广东工业大学 Ultrasonic grinding equipment
CN201645275U (en) * 2010-04-02 2010-11-24 上海龙鉴机电自动化工程有限公司 Surface finishing device for aluminum alloy silicon wafer
CN104084874A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-10-08 双枪竹木科技有限责任公司 Automatic polishing machine for outer surface of metal

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