CN106049348A - Retaining wall structure for sponge city construction - Google Patents

Retaining wall structure for sponge city construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106049348A
CN106049348A CN201610428945.2A CN201610428945A CN106049348A CN 106049348 A CN106049348 A CN 106049348A CN 201610428945 A CN201610428945 A CN 201610428945A CN 106049348 A CN106049348 A CN 106049348A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
barrier
permeable
blockwork
concrete
stone masonry
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CN201610428945.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106049348B (en
Inventor
刘畅
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Powerchina Chengdu Engineering Co Ltd
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Powerchina Chengdu Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610428945.2A priority Critical patent/CN106049348B/en
Publication of CN106049348A publication Critical patent/CN106049348A/en
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Publication of CN106049348B publication Critical patent/CN106049348B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/06Moles; Piers; Quay walls; Groynes; Breakwaters Wave dissipating walls; Quay equipment
    • E02B3/066Quays
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B11/00Drainage of soil, e.g. for agricultural purposes

Abstract

The invention discloses a retaining wall structure, particularly discloses a retaining wall structure for sponge city construction, and belongs to the technical field of city landscape and river regulation structures. By means of the retaining wall structure for sponge city construction, water can be delivered to dams on the both sides of a river channel on rainy days, and water stored in the dams on the both sides of the river channel can be delivered to the river channel in case of water shortage in the drought period. The retaining wall structure comprises a concrete or slurry stone-laying retaining wall structure body, and further comprises a drainage system and a reverse water permeation system. The drainage system is arranged on the middle lower portion of the concrete or slurry stone-laying retaining wall structure body in the vertical direction. The reverse water permeation system is arranged on the middle upper portion of the concrete or slurry stone-laying retaining wall structure body in the vertical direction.

Description

Barrier wall structure for sponge urban construction
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of barrier wall structure, especially relate to a kind of barrier wall structure for sponge urban construction, belong to Urban look, dredging waterway technical field of buildings.
Background technology
Traditional urban construction thinking emphasize to harden as far as possible near water face, isolation current, prevent infiltration, including road surface, river The base plate in especially river course, road and the barricade etc. of two sides.Such result just significantly increases the runoff i.e. trickling of surface water, fall The littoral degree of containing to water in low especially river course, city and elasticity.More seriously, due to the past dredging waterway often Riverbed and side slope are closed, solidified so that current cannot exchange with the external world when flowing through city, cut off ecosystem in water environment Exchanging of material, energy and information between each key element, not only water quality can not change by the littoral natural purification of soil, the effect of saving Kind water quality, on the contrary because water quality is the most up to standard or the reason such as pollution on the way causes current dirty and messy smelly, has a strong impact on two sides people's life And city integral image looks.
The Constructing ideas in " sponge city " emphasizes water suction, water-retention, infiltration, water purification during rainfall, " is released by the water stored when needing Put " and be used.Traditional city river two sides Retaining Wall Built on Bank Slope is only the most anti-mean annual water level line arrangement above one row Filter osculum, it act as reducing gear rolling earth behind retaining wall level of ground water height to reduce soil pressure, water weight, hydrostatic pressure, uplift pressure Deng, it is ensured that barricade monolithic stability.This way enters river course by bank slope soil after can making to ooze under precipitation, but water quality in river course Poor current cannot make full use of the ecological purification function of two sides soil.According to the planning construction thinking in " sponge city ", knot Close city or water landscape often takes the ladders such as subsection setup check dam such as rubber dam, shutter dam, gate dam to retain the formation water surface The reality of view.How to make full use of two sides, river course and especially backfill the function saving moisture, ecological purification of soil, Purify along journey and save current, irrigate two sides vegetation, water conservation, be the problem that solves of the present invention.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is: can input water in the dam body of two sides, river course when providing a kind of rainfall Stream, during drought and water shortage, can have again the barricade for sponge urban construction in the water-retention input river course making two sides, river course dam body Structure.
A kind of barrier wall structure for sponge urban construction is the technical scheme is that by solving above-mentioned technical problem, Including concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body, described barrier wall structure also includes drainage system and reverse permeable system, institute The drainage system stated is arranged in a vertical direction in described concrete or the middle and lower part of stone masonry barrier wall structure body, and described is permeable System is arranged in a vertical direction in described concrete or the middle and upper part of stone masonry barrier wall structure body.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: by respectively at described concrete or the middle and lower part cloth of stone masonry barrier wall structure body Put a set of drainage system, arrange a set of reverse permeable system in the middle and upper part stating concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body.This Sample, when rainy day precipitation, street, river rising in Ningxia and flowing into central Shaanxi, bunding surface stream pour in river course and occur that the water surface rises, when the water surface risen reaches the most thoroughly During water alliance, a large amount of current in river course just can be kept off through concrete or stone masonry by described reverse permeable system The homogenizing backfill soil at wall construction body entrance rear stores, reaches to reduce to a certain extent the purpose of damage caused by waterlogging.And work as During drought, the water level decreasing in river course, when the water level of decline reaches below drainage system, it is stored in concrete or stone masonry The moisture of the homogenizing backfill soil at barrier wall structure body rear just can be entered in river course by described drainage system again, it is ensured that The river water level long period is in higher water position status, reaches the purpose of drought resisting mitigation.
Further, described drainage system be along the river course flow direction order be arranged in described concrete or stone masonry gear One group of osculum of wall construction body middle and lower part, the level height of the outfan of each osculum is less than the input of this osculum The level height of end.
Such scheme it is preferable that, the input of each osculum is provided with anti-filter structure.
Further, described permeable system be along the river course flow direction order be arranged in described concrete or stone masonry gear One group of permeable blockwork of wall construction body middle and upper part, all arranges reflux filtration on each permeable blockwork.
Such scheme it is preferable that, described permeable blockwork also includes blockwork body, described reflux Filtration is axially disposed in described blockwork, and this is internal, and described permeable blockwork is by described blockwork Body is arranged in described concrete or the middle and upper part of stone masonry barrier wall structure body along river course flow direction order, and described reflux filters The input of structure connects with the river course of described concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure outer body, described reflux filtration Outfan backfills soil with the homogenizing inside described concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body and connects.
Further, the described concreting body that blockwork body is cuboid-type, at described concrete Watering and be provided with the permeable receiving chamber axially extended in building body, described reflux filtration is by described edge, permeable receiving chamber Being disposed axially in this blockwork this be the most internal of described blockwork body;Each described permeable blockwork all passes through institute The dismountable middle and upper part being arranged in described concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body of concreting body stated.
Such scheme it is preferable that, described reflux filtration includes that cage fixed by eco-filtration material and overanxious material, Described eco-filtration material is arranged in described overanxious material and fixes in cage, and described reflux filtration is by described overanxious material Fixing cage is disposed axially in described blockwork along described blockwork body this is the most internal.
Further, described overanxious material is fixed cage and is included axially watering along described permeable receiving chamber being embedded in described concrete Watering the PVC supervisor in building body, be arranged in lead wire net at the two ends that described PVC is responsible for, the overanxious material of described ecology is filled in described PVC supervisor in, and it is interior to be fixed on this PVC supervisor by described lead wire net.
Further, described permeable system also includes that trash rack, described trash rack are arranged in permeable receiving chamber and enter On the blockwork body of mouth end.
Further, described permeable system also includes inlet non return check valve, and described trash rack passes through hinge with described Blockwork body be articulated and connected, described inlet non return check valve installs the arrival end in the permeable receiving chamber after trash rack.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The structural representation that Fig. 1 is the present invention when the barrier wall structure of sponge urban construction is in low water level;
The structural representation that Fig. 2 is the present invention when the barrier wall structure of sponge urban construction is in high water level;
Fig. 3 is that the permeable blockwork that the application relates to is arranged in concrete or the intrinsic axle of stone masonry barrier wall structure To sectional view.
Figure is labeled as: concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body 1, drainage system 2, reverse permeable system 3, osculum 4, outfan 5, input 6, anti-filter structure 7, permeable blockwork 8, reflux filtration 9, blockwork body 10, homogenizing return Banket 12, cage 15 fixed by permeable receiving chamber 13, eco-filtration material 14, overanxious material, PVC supervisor 16, lead wire net 17, trash rack 18, Inlet non return check valve 19.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and shown in Fig. 3 be the present invention provide a kind of rainfall time can input in the dam body of two sides, river course Current, during drought and water shortage, can have again the gear for sponge urban construction in the water-retention input river course making two sides, river course dam body Wall construction.Described barrier wall structure includes concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body 1, and described barrier wall structure also includes draining System 2 and reverse permeable system 3, described drainage system 2 is arranged in a vertical direction to be tied at described concrete or stone masonry barricade The middle and lower part of structure body 1, described reverse permeable system 3 is arranged in a vertical direction at described concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure The middle and upper part of body 1.Above by arranging a set of row respectively in the middle and lower part of described concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body 1 Water system 2, arranges a set of reverse permeable system 3 in the middle and upper part stating concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body 1.So, when Rainy day precipitation, street, river rising in Ningxia and flowing into central Shaanxi, bunding surface stream pour in river course and occur that the water surface rises, when the water surface risen reaches reverse permeable system During 3 position, a large amount of current in river course just can be tied through concrete or stone masonry barricade by described reverse permeable system 3 Structure body 1 enter rear homogenizing backfill soil 12 in store, reach to reduce to a certain extent the purpose of damage caused by waterlogging.And when dry When drought is short of rain, the water level decreasing in river course, when the water level of decline reaches drainage system less than 2, it is stored in concrete or stone masonry The moisture of the homogenizing backfill soil 12 at barrier wall structure body 1 rear just can be entered in river course by described drainage system 2 again, Ensure that the river water level long period is in higher water position status, reach the purpose of drought resisting mitigation.
In above-mentioned embodiment, use for reference existing barrier wall structure, can be designed as described drainage system 2 flowing to along river course Order be arranged in described concrete or one group of osculum 4 of stone masonry barrier wall structure body 1 middle and lower part, simply make each arrange The level height of the outfan 5 in water hole 4 is less than the level height of the input 6 of this osculum 4.And in order to avoid the water in river course When position is higher, the water containing a large amount of impurity or pollutant enters concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure by described osculum 4 In the homogenizing backfill soil 12 at body 1 rear, causing the severe contamination of subsoil water, it is defeated that the application uses at each osculum 4 The mode entering to be respectively provided with on end anti-filter structure 7 solves the problems referred to above.
And in order to simplify the structure of reverse permeable system 3, to facilitate manufacture and the installation of postorder, reach again simultaneously The function that the flood entering river course is filtered, removed contamination, described reverse permeable system 3 is designed as along river course stream by the application To the one group of permeable blockwork 8 being arranged in described concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body 1 middle and upper part of order, and often Reflux filtration 9 is all arranged on one permeable blockwork 8.Now, the system of described for convenience permeable blockwork 8 Making, described permeable blockwork 8 is designed as also including the structure of blockwork body 10 by the application, and by described reflux Filtration 9 is axially disposed in described blockwork body 10, and described permeable blockwork 8 is by described prefabricated Block body 10 is arranged in described concrete or the middle and upper part of stone masonry barrier wall structure body 1 along river course flow direction order, and The input making described reflux filtration 9 connects with the river course outside described concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body 1, institute State the homogenizing backfill soil 12 inside the outfan of reflux filtration 9 and described concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body 1 even Logical.
Use for reference existing filtration pollution clean-up technology, then combine with the structure of the blockwork body 10 described in this Shen, the application Described blockwork body 10 is set to the concreting body of cuboid-type, and sets on described concreting body It is equipped with the permeable receiving chamber 13 axially extended, by described reflux filtration 9 by described permeable receiving chamber 13 along institute State being disposed axially in this blockwork body 10 of blockwork body 10;Each described permeable blockwork 8 is the most logical Cross the described dismountable middle and upper part being arranged in described concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body 1 of concreting body.This Time, the reflux filtration 9 that the optimal way of described reflux filtration 9 is described includes eco-filtration material 14 and overanxious material Fixing cage 15, described eco-filtration material 14 is arranged in described overanxious material and fixes in cage 15, and described reflux filtration 9 leads to Cross described overanxious material and fix cage 15 being disposed axially in described blockwork body 10 along described blockwork body 10. Further, the cage 15 cloth in the permeable receiving chamber 13 of described blockwork body 10 fixed by described for convenience overanxious material Putting, meanwhile, the manufacture of convenient described permeable blockwork 8 again, described overanxious material is fixed cage 15 and is included along described permeable appearance Receive chamber 13 axially water be embedded in described concreting body PVC supervisor 16, described PVC supervisor 16 two ends be arranged in galvanized wire Net 17, the overanxious material of described ecology 14 is filled in described PVC supervisor 16, and is fixed on this by described lead wire net 17 In PVC supervisor 16.
During in conjunction with heavy showers, the realistic situation that mud and sand are carried along, in order to permeable to constituting described reflux during reducing use The maintenance of system 3, maintenance, and conveniently adjust the water content of the homogenizing backfill soil at barricade rear, described herein the most saturating Water system 3 also includes that trash rack 18 and inlet non return check valve 19, described trash rack 18 are arranged in permeable receiving chamber 13 arrival end On blockwork body 10;It is preferable that described trash rack 18 is by hinge and the described hinged company of blockwork body 10 Connecing, described inlet non return check valve 19 installs the arrival end in the permeable receiving chamber 13 after trash rack 18.So by described blocking Dirty grid 18 just can reduce the floating thing in flood largely and enter in permeable receiving chamber 13, and by inlet non return check valve 19 Just the discharge stoping the homogenizing backfill soil being entered barricade rear by the permeable system of reflux 3 that can be instant, reaches to control all The purpose of the water content in matter backfill soil.

Claims (10)

1. for a barrier wall structure for sponge urban construction, including concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body (1), its feature Being: described barrier wall structure also includes drainage system (2) and reverse permeable system (3), described drainage system (2) is along vertically Direction is arranged in described concrete or the middle and lower part of stone masonry barrier wall structure body (1), and described reverse permeable system (3) is along perpendicular Nogata is to being arranged in described concrete or the middle and upper part of stone masonry barrier wall structure body (1).
Barrier wall structure for sponge urban construction the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described drainage system (2) for along the river course flow direction order be arranged in described concrete or one group of draining of stone masonry barrier wall structure body (1) middle and lower part Hole (4), the level height of the outfan (5) of each osculum (4) is high less than the level of the input (6) of this osculum (4) Degree.
Barrier wall structure for sponge urban construction the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: at each osculum (4) anti-filter structure (7) it is provided with on input.
4. according to the barrier wall structure for sponge urban construction according to any one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterised in that: institute The reverse permeable system (3) stated for along the river course flow direction order be arranged in described concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body (1) One group of permeable blockwork (8) of middle and upper part, all arranges reflux filtration (9) on each permeable blockwork (8).
Barrier wall structure for sponge urban construction the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described is permeable prefabricated Building block (8) also includes that blockwork body (10), described reflux filtration (9) are axially disposed in described blockwork In body (10), described permeable blockwork (8) by described blockwork body (10) along river course flow direction cloth sequentially Put in described concrete or the middle and upper part of stone masonry barrier wall structure body (1), the input of described reflux filtration (9) and institute State the river course connection in concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body (1) outside, the outfan of described reflux filtration (9) and institute State homogenizing backfill soil (12) connection of concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body (1) inner side.
Barrier wall structure for sponge urban construction the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described blockwork Body (10) is the concreting body of cuboid-type, is provided with axially extend permeable on described concreting body Accommodate chamber (13), described reflux filtration (9) by described permeable receiving chamber (13) along described blockwork body (10) be disposed axially in this blockwork body (10) in;Each described permeable blockwork (8) is all by described The dismountable middle and upper part being arranged in described concrete or stone masonry barrier wall structure body (1) of concreting body.
Barrier wall structure for sponge urban construction the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: described reflux filters Structure (9) includes that cage (15) fixed by eco-filtration material (14) and overanxious material, and described eco-filtration material (14) is arranged in described Overanxious material is fixed in cage (15), and described reflux filtration (9) fixes cage (15) along described prefabricated by described overanxious material Being disposed axially in described blockwork body (10) of block body (10).
Barrier wall structure for sponge urban construction the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: described overanxious material is solid Determine cage (15) to include axially watering PVC supervisor (16) being embedded in described concreting body along described permeable receiving chamber (13), The two ends of described PVC supervisor (16) are arranged in lead wire net (17), and the overanxious material of described ecology (14) is filled in described PVC supervisor (16) in, and it is fixed in this PVC supervisor (16) by described lead wire net (17).
Barrier wall structure for sponge urban construction the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: described is the most permeable System (3) also includes that trash rack (18), described trash rack (18) are arranged in the blockwork of permeable receiving chamber (13) arrival end On body (10).
Barrier wall structure for sponge urban construction the most according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: described is the most saturating Water system (3) also includes inlet non return check valve (19), and described trash rack (18) is by hinge and described blockwork body (10) being articulated and connected, described inlet non return check valve (19) installs the arrival end of the permeable receiving chamber (13) after trash rack (18).
CN201610428945.2A 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 Barrier wall structure for sponge urban construction Active CN106049348B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109577365A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-04-05 重庆交通大学 A kind of pile formula drainage anchor rod barrier wall structure and its construction method
CN109577277A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-04-05 重庆交通大学 A kind of wall-mounted drainage anchor rod barrier wall structure and its construction method
CN110078307A (en) * 2019-05-23 2019-08-02 山东省水利科学研究院 A kind of riparian buffer strips using biological carbon materials Control the Plan Pollution Sources
CN110438938A (en) * 2019-08-13 2019-11-12 温州春桦秋时科技有限公司 For constructing the river bunding structure in sponge city

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JP2008285891A (en) * 2007-05-17 2008-11-27 Shiima Consultant:Kk L-shaped retaining wall structure
KR101097379B1 (en) * 2010-12-16 2011-12-23 주식회사 서영엔지니어링 Revetment for preventing waterleakage and construction method thereof
CN203531007U (en) * 2013-07-10 2014-04-09 贵州省水利水电勘测设计研究院 Retaining wall structure
CN204418127U (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-06-24 广东梅雁吉祥水电股份有限公司 A kind of landscape type overfall dam
CN104846774A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-08-19 广州市市政工程设计研究总院 Urban small watershed watercourse quick storage and slow release sponge embankment structure
CN204662553U (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-09-23 任立 A kind of cavernous body multifunctional ecological governing system
CN204919478U (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-30 南京金埔园林股份有限公司 Concrete block but water purification's complex is permeated water
CN205222816U (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-05-11 山东钢铁股份有限公司 City river says that quick oneself of rainwater purifies combination dam system

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008285891A (en) * 2007-05-17 2008-11-27 Shiima Consultant:Kk L-shaped retaining wall structure
KR101097379B1 (en) * 2010-12-16 2011-12-23 주식회사 서영엔지니어링 Revetment for preventing waterleakage and construction method thereof
CN203531007U (en) * 2013-07-10 2014-04-09 贵州省水利水电勘测设计研究院 Retaining wall structure
CN204662553U (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-09-23 任立 A kind of cavernous body multifunctional ecological governing system
CN204418127U (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-06-24 广东梅雁吉祥水电股份有限公司 A kind of landscape type overfall dam
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CN204919478U (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-30 南京金埔园林股份有限公司 Concrete block but water purification's complex is permeated water
CN205222816U (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-05-11 山东钢铁股份有限公司 City river says that quick oneself of rainwater purifies combination dam system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109577365A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-04-05 重庆交通大学 A kind of pile formula drainage anchor rod barrier wall structure and its construction method
CN109577277A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-04-05 重庆交通大学 A kind of wall-mounted drainage anchor rod barrier wall structure and its construction method
CN110078307A (en) * 2019-05-23 2019-08-02 山东省水利科学研究院 A kind of riparian buffer strips using biological carbon materials Control the Plan Pollution Sources
CN110438938A (en) * 2019-08-13 2019-11-12 温州春桦秋时科技有限公司 For constructing the river bunding structure in sponge city
CN110438938B (en) * 2019-08-13 2020-12-22 温州春桦秋时科技有限公司 River bank structure for constructing sponge city

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