CN106020036A - Smart energy management system and method - Google Patents

Smart energy management system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106020036A
CN106020036A CN201610481111.8A CN201610481111A CN106020036A CN 106020036 A CN106020036 A CN 106020036A CN 201610481111 A CN201610481111 A CN 201610481111A CN 106020036 A CN106020036 A CN 106020036A
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China
Prior art keywords
energy
data
host computer
energy device
energy management
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CN201610481111.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑书湛
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Shandong Huaqi Amperex Technology Ltd
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Shandong Huaqi Amperex Technology Ltd
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Priority to CN201610481111.8A priority Critical patent/CN106020036A/en
Publication of CN106020036A publication Critical patent/CN106020036A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/042Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers using digital processors
    • G05B19/0428Safety, monitoring
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/24Pc safety
    • G05B2219/24215Scada supervisory control and data acquisition

Abstract

The invention provides a smart energy management system and method. The smart energy management system comprises an information acquisition system, a control system, a communication system, an operating system, a database system and an information safety system. The smart energy management system is an open and compatible platform. State visualization and remote unattended operation of energy equipment can be realized through the smart energy management system and method. The smart energy management system and method facilitate reduction of air pollutant emission, and safe, comfortable, clean and environmental protection purposes are achieved.

Description

Wisdom energy management system and method
Technical field
The invention belongs to management technique field, particularly to a kind of wisdom energy management system and method.
Background technology
Management technique is the general name of finger management, method and management means.Any social activity all also exists problem of management, and society lives Dynamic complexity determines versatility and the adaptability of management technique.Along with developing rapidly of Internet technology, management technique also obtains Obtained great lifting.
It is most important content in resident living, commercial production with the utilization of energy being utilized as master hot and cold, electric.For energy profit Management also become the most important subject under discussion.For the utilization of the energy, need to improve utilization ratio, the effectively save energy;More Clean energy resource to be provided, reduces environmental pollution to greatest extent.
As a example by resident's heating in winter, the most mostly use coal-burning boiler central heating, it is necessary first to lay pipeline, in a large number basis Facilities Construction wastes a large amount of manpower and materials;Secondly, steam, during relatively long distance, has the biggest loss, causes energy waste; 3rd, coal-burning boiler, great amount of carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and dust can be discharged in air, cause environmental pollution, this is also One of major reason of north of china in winter haze weather.
Current existing energy management-control method there is problems in that
1, based on scene manipulation, or timing manipulation, to go to scene the most frequently, and when device fails Time, can't find timely.
2, utilization of energy effect is low, it is impossible to realize significantly more efficient energy-conservation, it is impossible to changed realizing by the humiture of other indoor and outdoors Homoiothermic, considerably increases the loss of the energy.
3, long-range unmanned can not be realized.
For solving the problems referred to above, the root from energy conservation is needed to start with, concrete plan energy presentation mode, O&M management and control mode, Improve efficiency of energy utilization and energy efficiency of equipment ratio, so could effectively solve the problems referred to above.
Summary of the invention
The shortcoming of prior art in view of the above, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of wisdom energy management system and method, For solving problems present in prior art.
For achieving the above object and other relevant purposes, the present invention provides a kind of wisdom energy management system, described wisdom energy source capsule Reason system includes: information acquisition system, control system, communication system, operating system, Database Systems and information safety system, Wherein,
Described information acquisition system, based on single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC, gathers energy device by sensor and/or watch-dog Related data, and the transformation of data collected is become analog quantity or digital quantity;Wherein, described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC include first Fuzzy algorithmic approach module;
Described control system, including host computer extension set and host computer exchange, described host computer exchange communicates with some host computer extension sets, Described host computer extension set and some single chip communications;
Described operating system, including pc client, Web client and APP client operation platform, is used for facilitating user to look into Ask and operate and the fluency of human-computer interaction interface;
Described Database Systems include distributed data and total data storehouse, process for data backup and data;
Described communication system, is used for realizing described information acquisition system, described control system, described operating system and described data Communication between the system of storehouse, including industry control communication, check meter communication and network service in one or more;
Described information safety system, is used for guaranteeing data security and communication security.
Preferably, the described energy includes distributed energy and the centralized energy.
Preferably, described energy device include solar energy, gas fired-boiler, electric boiler, industrial chemicals boiler, biomass boiler, Energy storage device and air source heat pump, water earth source heat pump, carbon dioxide changes in temperature equipment and biomass power generation equipment, wind energy are sent out One or more combination in electricity equipment, photovoltaic power generation equipment, geothermal power generating device.
Preferably, described energy device related data includes energy device operational factor and ambient parameter, including energy device water outlet Temperature, return water temperature, electric current, voltage, and indoor and outdoor temperature, pm2.5, wind speed, air pressure, noise.
Preferably, described first fuzzy algorithmic approach module is for real according to the described energy device correlation data calculation indoor collected Shi Lengre runs off, and result of calculation feeds back to single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC, thus controls the operation of described energy device.
Preferably, described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC include energy device protected location, run with equipment before being used for avoiding equipment to start The energy device damage that middle voltage, electric current, current, temperature or hardware fault cause.
Preferably, the data gathered are backed up, process by described distributed data base;Described process includes data screening, And selectivity is uploaded to total data storehouse.
Preferably, data screening includes that screening target energy device service data or energy device run critical data.
Preferably, described communication system includes the dispensing unit that communicates, and is used for configuring described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC and described host computer The priority that extension set connects;If described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC and its first priority host computer extension set connection failure, then by preferential Level order is connected with host computer extension set afterwards, and is sent alarm signal by the host computer extension set of successful connection to described host computer exchange Breath.
Preferably, described host computer extension set uses industry control communication, Wifi Yu TCP or UDP with described single-chip microcomputer and/or plc communication Protocol communication.
For achieving the above object and other relevant purposes, the present invention provides wisdom energy management method, uses above-mentioned wisdom energy source capsule Reason system, including:
Gather energy device related data, and carry out processing, transmit, collect;
Process described energy device related data further, and transmit, collect;
Described energy device is carried out management and control.
Preferably, described energy device related data includes energy device operational factor and ambient parameter, including energy device water outlet Temperature, return water temperature, electric current, voltage, and indoor and outdoor temperature, pm2.5, wind speed, air pressure, noise.
Preferably, described process includes using fuzzy algorithmic approach, indoor according to the described energy device correlation data calculation collected Real-time cooling heat loss, and result of calculation is fed back to single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC, thus control the operation of described energy device.
Preferably, described process includes using fuzzy algorithmic approach, poor according to the described indoor and outdoor temperature collected, and calculates the energy and sets Standby Energy Efficiency Ratio and indoor real-time cooling heat loss, and result of calculation is fed back to single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC, thus to described energy device Carry out VFC.
Preferably, described energy device is carried out management and control to include:
According to weather history prediction current outdoor humiture and wind speed;
Predict indoor cold heat demand;
Control the output of energy device cold and hot amount.
Preferably, described energy device is carried out management and control to include: real according to outdoor wind speed, indoor and outdoor temperature, humidity and indoor Shi Lengre runs off, and controls energy device output temperature and indoor temperature.
Preferably, described energy device is carried out management and control and includes: according to indoor and outdoor temperature, humidity and indoor real-time cooling heat loss, Control electromagnetic valve aperture, thus the system hydraulic equilibrium of realization is automatically adjusted.
Preferably, also include configuring the priority that described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC are connected with described host computer extension set;If described monolithic Machine and/or PLC and its first priority host computer extension set connection failure, the most according to priority order and host computer extension set afterwards are even Connect, and sent warning message by the host computer extension set of successful connection to described host computer exchange.
As it has been described above, the wisdom energy management system of the present invention and method, have the advantages that
Wisdom energy management system of the present invention includes: information acquisition system, control system, communication system, operating system, Database Systems and information safety system.Wisdom energy management system of the present invention is an opening, compatible platform, adopts It is capable of energy device status visualization, long-range unmanned with wisdom energy management system of the present invention and method;To fall Low air pollutant emission has facilitation, it is possible to realize the purpose of safety and comfort, clean environment firendly.Wisdom energy of the present invention Management system and method, to promoting Integrated Energy efficiency, promote energy market open significant with industrial upgrading etc..
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is shown as wisdom energy management system schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is shown as the control system schematic diagram of wisdom energy management system of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is shown as the Database Systems schematic diagram of wisdom energy management system of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is shown as the operating system schematic diagram of wisdom energy management system of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is shown as wisdom energy management method schematic diagram of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by way of specific instantiation, embodiments of the present invention being described, those skilled in the art can be by disclosed by this specification Content understand other advantages and effect of the present invention easily.The present invention can also be added by the most different detailed description of the invention To implement or application, the every details in this specification can also be based on different viewpoints and application, in the essence without departing from the present invention Various modification or change is carried out under god.
Refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 5.It should be noted that the diagram provided in the present embodiment illustrates the present invention the most in a schematic way Basic conception, the most graphic in component count time only display with relevant assembly in the present invention rather than is implemented according to reality, shape And size drafting, during its actual enforcement, the kenel of each assembly, quantity and ratio can be a kind of random change, and its assembly layout Kenel is likely to increasingly complex.
Fig. 1 is shown as wisdom energy management system schematic diagram of the present invention, this wisdom energy management system, including information acquisition system, Multiple subsystems such as control system, communication system, operating system, Database Systems and information safety system.
Described information acquisition system, based on single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC, gathers energy device by sensor and/or watch-dog Related data, and the transformation of data collected is become analog quantity or digital quantity;Wherein, described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC include obscuring Algoritic module;
Described control system, including host computer extension set and host computer exchange, described host computer exchange communicates with some host computer extension sets, Described host computer extension set and some single chip communications;
Described operating system, including pc client, Web client and APP client operation platform, is used for facilitating user to look into Ask and operate and the fluency of human-computer interaction interface;
Described Database Systems include distributed data and total data storehouse, process for data backup and data;
Described communication system, is used for realizing described information acquisition system, described control system, described operating system and described data Communication between the system of storehouse, including industry control communication, check meter communication and network service in one or more;
Described information safety system, is used for guaranteeing data security and communication security.
In another embodiment, the described energy includes distributed energy and the centralized energy.Distributed energy refers to be distributed in user side Energy comprehensive utilization system, be main drive energy with regenerative resource or natural gas, with hot and cold, CCHP technology as base Plinth, to realize directly meeting the energy cascade utilization of the multiple demand of user, is with efficient, cleaning, the flexible energy supply as feature System.Drive energy provide equipment (abbreviation energy device), including solar energy, gas fired-boiler, electric boiler, industrial chemicals boiler, Biomass boiler, energy storage device and air source heat pump, water () air such as source heat pump, carbon dioxide changes in temperature equipment regulation set Standby, it is used for providing cold and hot equal energy source.Energy device can be in the way of using externally fed, it is also possible to sets up generating equipment, such as life Material energy generating equipment, wind energy generating plant, photovoltaic power generation equipment, geothermal power generating device.Distributed energy and the centralized energy All can use above-mentioned clean type energy device, environmental pollution can be prevented effectively from.
Other facilities of distributed energy and the centralized energy include heat distribution pipe network, and the end system mated with energy device, Such as indoor fan coil pipe, Radiant Floor Heating System etc..Distributed energy is in actual use, it is possible to use existing thermal pipe Net or only build heat distribution pipe network in smaller area, it is to avoid the laying construction of extensive pipeline, decreases urban infrastructure Destruction, reduce the heat losses in heating network.
With regional user (such as residential quarter, hospital, school, hotel etc.) as unit, multiple energy devices and other be correlated with Facility constitutes distributed busbar protection, and multiple distributed busbar protection constitute the device systems of the wisdom energy.
In another embodiment, information acquisition unit is based on single-chip microcomputer, by various software and hardware combining, gathers energy device phase Close data, including the data of energy device self, and the external data that energy device is relevant, such as ambient parameter etc..Single-chip microcomputer A kind of IC chip, wherein comprise microprocessor MPU, random access memory ram, read only memory ROM and Multiple I/O interface and interruption system, by different software and hardware combining, can perform different functions.
Single-chip microcomputer include acquisition module, phase shortage/misphase detection module, system protection module, mode conversion module, communication module, Output module forms, and such as lower interface:
(1) switch value input interface: address collection, pressure switch, wind protecting switch etc..
(2) output switch parameter interface: compressor A.C. contactor, blower fan A.C. contactor, water pump A.C. contactor etc..
(3) analog input interface: temperature acquisition point, wind speed collection, pressure acquisition, flow collection, current acquisition, voltage Gather.
(4) PID output interface: control the motor etc. of electric expansion valve.
(5) communication interface: 485 communications, m-bus communication, serial communication etc..
(6) humidity collection interface: humidity collection etc..
Temperature acquisition part: include delivery temperature collection, the collection of equipment leaving water temperature, equipment return water temperature capturing, air themperature Collection, economizer enter temperature, the air outlet temperature of economizer and the collection of defrosting temperature, the most multiple standby temperature Collection point.
Phase shortage, misphase detect: the phase shortage of three phase mains, misphase detect, thus effectively prevent turning to of blower fan and water pump, lack Protection is possible to prevent motor because of burning out that phase shortage causes mutually.
System protection: can be according to the high-voltage switch gear arrived gathered, low tension switch, water flow switch, wind protecting switch, two-way Corresponding protection made by the protection of the signal of valve interlocking signal, delivery temperature, three-phase protective switch.
Patten transformation: mode switching section includes heating mode, refrigeration mode and defrosting mode.
Above-mentioned single-chip microcomputer is also included the first fuzzy algorithmic approach module, based on according to the described energy device related data collected Calculate indoor real-time cooling heat loss, and result of calculation is fed back to single-chip microcomputer, thus control the operation of described energy device.
Poor by indoor and outdoor humiture, and energy device leaving water temperature, return water temperature and discharge and hydraulic pressure, can calculate Obtaining indoor real-time cooling hot-fluid vector, according to indoor real-time cooling hot-fluid vector, the operation of energy device can be controlled by single-chip microcomputer System, the parameter such as including pump power, water yield, hydraulic pressure, thus realize energy saving of system and system energy efficiency optimization.
As a example by indoor temperature Real-time Collection, the some temperature values of continuous acquisition, for reducing error, the first fuzzy algorithmic approach module is passed through Remove maximum and minima, calculate meansigma methods, thus obtain Indoor Temperature angle value accurately.Other data, including energy device Leaving water temperature, return water temperature, electric current, voltage, and indoor and outdoor humidity, wind speed, air pressure etc., also by the form of such mistake It is calculated.
Above-mentioned single-chip microcomputer can be combined with energy device with Embedded form, and as a example by air source heat pump, single-chip microcomputer can embed sky Air supply heat pump, controls the unlatching of air source heat pump, operation.When air source heat pump is as heating, refrigeration or the energy device of hot water, Need with other facilities with the use of, other facilities include heat distribution pipe network, and the end system mated with energy device, such as room Inner blower coil pipe, Radiant Floor Heating System etc..
Single-chip microcomputer includes energy device protected location, before being used for avoiding equipment to start and equipment run in voltage, electric current, current, The energy device damage that temperature or hardware fault cause.Specific as follows:
(1), two-port valve detection: when water pump prepare start time, system first has to judge that two-port valve is the most faulty, if faulty Then report to the police.
(2), current detection: after circulating pump starts some seconds, starting to start current detection, water flow switch breaks continuously if finding Opening 5S shutdown not report to the police, switch off the pump and stop the startup of other machines, when this action occurs more than 2 times per hour, main frame stops Detection in 1 hour.
(3), high pressure detection: when there is high pressure detection fault, and high-voltage switch gear is continuously turned off 5-150 second or per hour Disconnection, more than 2 times, stops the operation of corresponding compressor immediately.When fault recovery, then releasing fault alarm, recovery system is transported OK.When high-voltage switch gear is continuously turned off more than 150 seconds or disconnects the corresponding compressor of the locking more than 2 times per hour.Need again to open The power supply of motivation group just can work on.
(4), low pressure detection: when there is low pressure detection fault, and low tension switch is continuously turned off 20-150 second or per hour Disconnection, more than 2 times, stops the operation of corresponding compressor immediately.When fault recovery, then releasing fault alarm, recovery system is transported OK.When low tension switch is continuously turned off more than 150 seconds or disconnects the corresponding compressor of the locking more than 2 times per hour.Need again to open The power supply of motivation group just can work on.
(5), wind protecting switch: blower fan protection is broken down during fan operation, and fault time is more than 30S's Time, cut off blower fan and compressor and cross valve immediately, and show fault alarm.
(6), phase shortage, misphase detection: when toggle switch is opened, then it represents that enable the detection of phase shortage misphase.If unit three-phase electricity Phase shortage or sequence error, then circuit can be reported to the police.
(7), delivery temperature protection: when delivery temperature is more than or equal to aerofluxus protection temperature (if 120 degree), shuts down and do not report to the police.When This action protection is shut down display fault more than twice and reports to the police, when occurring that gas shielded final vacuum temperature must be 3 for every 30 minutes Reducing discharging gas return difference less than equal to aerofluxus protection temperature (120 degree) in minute, otherwise locking aerofluxus protection, shows fault.
(8), outlet low-temperature protection: the temperature of outlet is continuously less than or equal to 3 during refrigeration and during compressor start 1 minute Degree continues 10S, and the equipment beyond circulating pump is out of service, until leaving water temperature returns to more than 5 degree, unit could normal work Make, when this action occurs more than 2 times per hour, lock compressor.
(9), outlet overtemperature prote: when being in heating mode, and start to detect water outlet after 1 minute at compressor operating Mouth temperature, when outlet temperature is continuously more than or equal to heating design temperature some seconds, and the equipment beyond circulating pump is out of service, when Leaving water temperature returns to heat below design temperature, and unit could normally work, when this action occurs more than 2 times per hour, and lock Determine compressor.
With air source heat pump for main energy sources equipment, in units of residential quarter or community, build distributed busbar protection, distributed energy Every equipment (air source heat pump) in source station all embeds single-chip microcomputer.Host computer extension set in distributed busbar protection collects each list Air source heat pump service data that sheet machine collects and environmental data, and form distributed data base.Distributed data base logarithm Back up, process according to carrying out.The data of some distributed busbar protection are (total to host computer exchange by the transmission of corresponding host computer extension set Server), host computer exchange collects each host computer extension set and uploads data, forms total data storehouse.Host computer exchange is according to related data With result, host computer extension set and energy device are carried out management and control.
Wherein, distributed data database data processes and includes that data screening and selectivity are uploaded.Due to equipment operating data and environment number According to etc. data volume huge, be all uploaded to host computer exchange, to software and hardware require higher.Accordingly, it would be desirable to distributed data base pair Data carry out screening, and data screening includes that screening target equipment data or equipment run critical data.Such as, newly-built distributed energy After source station, director server needs to monitor all data of this newly-built distributed busbar protection, then by distributed data base, this is new The all data building distributed busbar protection are uploaded, and the distributed busbar protection data that other operate steadily are not uploaded or upload on a small quantity. And for the air source heat pump of all distributed busbar protection, the data such as warning message, equipment leaving water temperature are critical datas, After distributed data base is to these data screenings, selectivity is uploaded to director server, in order to long-distance centralized control.
Fig. 2 is shown as the control system schematic diagram of wisdom energy management system of the present invention, uses host computer exchange and host computer extension set Form, multistage management and control energy device.Host computer exchange communicates with some host computer extension sets, receives the number of host computer extension set transmission According to, and send management and control instruction, and then management and control energy device to host computer extension set.
In another embodiment, communicate dispensing unit, for configuring what described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC were connected with described host computer extension set Priority;If described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC and its first priority host computer extension set connection failure, the most according to priority order is the most therewith After host computer extension set connect, and by the host computer extension set of successful connection to described host computer exchange send warning message.Various In management system, each construction unit is likely to break down, especially the construction unit in network, it is also possible in appearance Viral, by problems such as assaults.When there are the problems referred to above, the unit communicated with then can not normal transmission data.At this In invention, during for avoiding host computer extension set to break down, the data affecting single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC are uploaded, and arrange communication configuration single Unit.During use, after single-chip microcomputer or PLC installation, send interpolation single-chip microcomputer by local host computer extension set to host computer exchange Or PLC information, after adding successfully, host computer exchange issues neighbouring host computer extension set information to newly-increased single-chip microcomputer or PLC;And According to physical distance or logical reach, carry out prioritization, single-chip microcomputer or PLC and receive and store above-mentioned prioritization information, Local host computer extension set is the first priority.When local host computer extension set cannot normally work, single-chip microcomputer or PLC cannot be with the One priority host computer extension set communication, it tries connect the second priority host computer extension set;After successful connection, transmission is gathered Data, and send warning message to host computer exchange.If connecting the second priority host computer extension set failure, then connect the 3rd preferential Level host computer extension set, by that analogy.
In another embodiment, host computer extension set and described single-chip microcomputer and/or plc communication use industry control communication, Wifi Yu TCP or Udp protocol communicates.
Fig. 3 is shown as the Database Systems schematic diagram of wisdom energy management system of the present invention, in wisdom energy management system, upper Machine extension set forms distributed data base, distributed data base pair by the data collecting connected single-chip microcomputer or PLC is gathered Above-mentioned data carry out backing up, processing.It is that data (include numerical value and nonnumeric) are analyzed and are processed that data process Technical process, including to the analysis of various initial datas, arrange, calculate, the processing of editor etc. and process.Distributed data base Except the conventional treatment to data, also include the screening to data, and uploaded by communication system selectivity.Some host computers divide Data are collected further by machine by Master Control Unit, form total data storehouse.Total data storehouse can be in Cloud Server, it is possible to To be positioned in service center server.
Fig. 4 is shown as the operating system schematic diagram of wisdom energy management system of the present invention, operating system, including pc client, Web client and APP client operation platform.Pc client may be mounted on computer, and Web client can directly exist Webpage is opened, it is possible to compatible various browsers.Can realizing between terminal monitoring alternately of Web client and host computer Alternately, it is impossible to directly carry out the mutual of data with each host computer extension set, reading terminals the most each partition data can only be monitored.
APP client includes Fructus Mali pumilae system, the upgrading again of Android system sing on web interactive system, can be the letter above Web Breath is transferred to mobile client timely.
Fig. 5 is shown as wisdom energy management method schematic diagram of the present invention.Use above-mentioned wisdom energy management system, including:
S1, gathers energy device related data, and carries out processing, transmits, collects;
S2, processes described energy device related data further, and transmits, collects;
S3, carries out management and control to described energy device.
Described energy device related data includes energy device operational factor and ambient parameter, including energy device leaving water temperature, returns Coolant-temperature gage, electric current, voltage, and indoor and outdoor temperature, pm2.5, wind speed, air pressure, noise.
In another embodiment, described wisdom energy management method also includes configuring described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC and described host computer The priority that extension set connects;If described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC and its first priority host computer extension set connection failure, then by preferential Level order is connected with host computer extension set afterwards, and is sent alarm signal by the host computer extension set of successful connection to described host computer exchange Breath.
In another embodiment, process described energy device related data, including using energy device phase described in cloud computing cell processing Close data also to send result to host computer exchange, described host computer exchange according to described result to described energy device Carry out management and control.Database Systems comprise multiple different feedback model, according to cloud computing result, with corresponding feedback model Join, and the feedback model matched is sent to energy device, thus energy device is made management and control.
In another embodiment, the process for energy device related data includes using fuzzy algorithmic approach, according to collecting Energy device correlation data calculation indoor real-time cooling heat loss, and result of calculation is fed back to single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC, thus control The operation of described energy device.
In another embodiment, described process includes using fuzzy algorithmic approach, humidity poor according to the described indoor and outdoor temperature collected And energy device leaving water temperature and return water temperature, calculate energy device Energy Efficiency Ratio and indoor real-time cooling heat loss, and by calculatings knot Fruit feeds back to single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC, thus described energy device is carried out VFC.
Equipment refrigeration efficiency is than EER=refrigerating capacity/refrigeration power consumption;
Equipment heating energy efficiency ratio COP=heating capacity/heat power consumption.
The size of energy efficiency of equipment ratio reflects the Energy-saving Situation of distinct device.Energy Efficiency Ratio numerical value is the biggest, shows that this product uses time institute Need the electrical power consumed the least, then, within the unit interval, the power consumption of this equipment is also the fewest.For Energy Efficiency Ratio relatively Low energy device, by single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC to host computer extension set and exchange report to the immediate supervisor, operation maintenance personnel according to report to equipment Overhaul or change.
Indoor real-time cooling heat loss is one of important energy-saving index of building, according to Indoor environment area, and equipment output The parameters such as energy and indoor temperature, can be with real-time cooling heat loss in counting chamber.By building real-time cooling heat loss and equipment energy Effect ratio, it is possible to prediction Indoor environment hot-cool demand and the cold and hot quantity delivered of equipment, thus better control over energy device, including right Energy device carries out VFC.
In another embodiment, described energy device is carried out management and control and also includes:
According to weather history prediction current outdoor humiture and wind speed;
Predict indoor cold heat demand;
Control the output of energy device cold and hot amount.
First, according to historical weather data, including history temperature, wind speed, humidity etc., build weather prediction model, it was predicted that when Front weather, including temperature, wind speed, humidity etc..
Secondly, according to outdoor temperature humidity, wind speed and indoor real-time cooling heat loss, in conjunction with human comfort's humiture empirical value, it was predicted that Indoor cold heat demand.
3rd, according to above-mentioned weather forecasting result and indoor cold and hot amount requirement forecasting result, control the output of energy device cold and hot amount.
In the case, user also can sets itself indoor temperature and wind speed, user's setting value is fed back to upper by single-chip microcomputer step by step Machine extension set and exchange, the control system above-mentioned data of collection, and according to these data correction indoor hot-cool demand amounts.Equally, control Weather prediction model real-time is modified by system according to what single-chip microcomputer collected so that weather forecasting is more accurate.
In another embodiment, described energy device is carried out management and control and includes: according to indoor and outdoor temperature, humidity and indoor real-time cooling Heat loss, controls electromagnetic valve aperture, thus the system hydraulic equilibrium of realization is automatically adjusted.
In heating and freezing, system hydraulic equilibrium is key technology, and waterpower imbalance is to cause the one of the main reasons of energy waste, Meanwhile, hydraulic equilibrium is to ensure that again the premise that other conservation measures can reliably be implemented.Mostly carry out machinery by balanced valve at present Control.And in the present invention, according to indoor and outdoor temperature, humidity and indoor real-time cooling heat loss and equipment output energy, or room Interior cold and hot amount requirement forecasting value, can adjust electromagnetic valve aperture in real time, thus the system hydraulic equilibrium of realization is automatically adjusted.
The principle of above-described embodiment only illustrative present invention and effect thereof, not for limiting the present invention.Any it is familiar with this skill Above-described embodiment all can be modified under the spirit and the scope of the present invention or change by the personage of art.Therefore, such as All that in art, tool usually intellectual is completed under without departing from disclosed spirit and technological thought etc. Effect is modified or changes, and must be contained by the claim of the present invention.

Claims (18)

1. a wisdom energy management system, it is characterised in that described wisdom energy management system includes: information acquisition system, control System, communication system, operating system, Database Systems and information safety system, wherein,
Described information acquisition system, based on single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC, gathers energy device phase by sensor and/or watch-dog Close data, and the transformation of data collected is become analog quantity or digital quantity;Wherein, described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC include the first mould Stick with paste algoritic module;
Described control system, including host computer extension set and host computer exchange, described host computer exchange communicates with some host computer extension sets, Described host computer extension set and some single chip communications;
Described operating system, including pc client, Web client and APP client operation platform, is used for facilitating user to look into Ask and operate and the fluency of human-computer interaction interface;
Described Database Systems include distributed data and total data storehouse, process for data backup and data;
Described communication system, is used for realizing described information acquisition system, described control system, described operating system and described data Communication between the system of storehouse, including industry control communication, check meter communication and network service in one or more;
Described information safety system, is used for guaranteeing data security and communication security.
Wisdom energy management system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the described energy includes distributed energy and concentration The formula energy.
Wisdom energy management system the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described energy device includes solar energy, combustion gas Boiler, electric boiler, industrial chemicals boiler, biomass boiler, energy storage device and air source heat pump, water earth source heat pump, two In carbonoxide changes in temperature equipment and biomass power generation equipment, wind energy generating plant, photovoltaic power generation equipment, geothermal power generating device One or more combination.
Wisdom energy management system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described energy device related data includes the energy Equipment operational factor and ambient parameter, including energy device leaving water temperature, return water temperature, electric current, voltage, and indoor and outdoor Temperature, pm2.5, wind speed, air pressure, noise.
Wisdom energy management system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described first fuzzy algorithmic approach module is used for basis The described energy device correlation data calculation indoor real-time cooling heat loss collected, and result of calculation is fed back to single-chip microcomputer and / or PLC, thus control the operation of described energy device.
Wisdom energy management system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC include the energy Equipment protection unit, in being used for avoiding equipment to run with equipment before starting, voltage, electric current, current, temperature or hardware fault are made The energy device damage become.
Wisdom energy management system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the described distributed data base data to being gathered Carry out backing up, processing;Described process includes data screening, and selectivity is uploaded to total data storehouse.
Wisdom energy management system the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: data screening includes screening target energy device Service data or energy device run critical data.
Wisdom energy management system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described communication system includes the dispensing unit that communicates, For configuring the priority that described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC are connected with described host computer extension set;If described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC With its first priority host computer extension set connection failure, the most according to priority order is connected with host computer extension set afterwards, and by even Connect successful host computer extension set and send warning message to described host computer exchange.
Wisdom energy management system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described host computer extension set and described monolithic Machine and/or plc communication use industry control communication, Wifi Yu TCP or udp protocol communication.
11. 1 kinds of wisdom energy management methods, use wisdom energy management system described in any one of claim 1-10, its feature It is: including:
Gather energy device related data, and carry out processing, transmit, collect;
Process described energy device related data further, and transmit, collect;
Described energy device is carried out management and control.
12. wisdom energy management methods according to claim 11, it is characterised in that: described energy device related data packets Include energy device operational factor and ambient parameter, including energy device leaving water temperature, return water temperature, electric current, voltage, and Indoor and outdoor temperature, pm2.5, wind speed, air pressure, noise.
13. wisdom energy management methods according to claim 11, it is characterised in that: described process includes using fuzzy algorithmic approach, According to the described energy device correlation data calculation indoor real-time cooling heat loss collected, and result of calculation is fed back to monolithic Machine and/or PLC, thus control the operation of described energy device.
14. wisdom energy management methods according to claim 13, it is characterised in that: described process includes using fuzzy algorithmic approach, Poor according to the described indoor and outdoor temperature collected, calculate energy device Energy Efficiency Ratio and indoor real-time cooling heat loss, and will calculate Result feeds back to single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC, thus described energy device is carried out VFC.
15. wisdom energy management methods according to claim 11, it is characterised in that: described energy device is carried out management and control and includes:
According to weather history prediction current outdoor humiture and wind speed;
Predict indoor cold heat demand;
Control the output of energy device cold and hot amount.
16. according to the wisdom energy management method described in claim 11 or 15, it is characterised in that: described energy device is managed Control includes: according to outdoor wind speed, indoor and outdoor temperature, humidity and indoor real-time cooling heat loss, controls energy device output temperature Degree and indoor temperature.
17. wisdom energy management methods according to claim 11, it is characterised in that: described energy device is carried out management and control and includes:
According to indoor and outdoor temperature, humidity and indoor real-time cooling heat loss, control electromagnetic valve aperture, thus realize system hydraulic equilibrium It is automatically adjusted.
18. wisdom energy management methods according to claim 11, it is characterised in that: also include configuring described single-chip microcomputer and/ Or the priority that PLC is connected with described host computer extension set;If described single-chip microcomputer and/or PLC and its first priority host computer Extension set connection failure, the most according to priority order be connected with host computer extension set afterwards, and by the host computer extension set of successful connection to Described host computer exchange sends warning message.
CN201610481111.8A 2016-06-24 2016-06-24 Smart energy management system and method Pending CN106020036A (en)

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