A kind of brake disc automatic assembly line
The present invention relates to field of machining, more particularly, to a kind of brake disc automatic assembly line.
Brake disc is the important component in brake system of car, usually passes through in brake disc and is stamped and formed out, so,
Surface or corner are readily formed burr, and the presence of these burrs makes the surface of brake disc become rough, are using
When into equipment, the damage such as scuffing often is caused to equipment.Therefore, it after the completion of brake disc punching press, is required to its surface
Burr cleared up.Traditional cleaning is usually manual operation, is taken time and effort, and cleaning speed is slow.And since workpiece is usual
It is smaller, it is often easy cleaning when manually being cleared up and is not thorough.Also, manual operation is also difficult to meet large batch of workpiece clear
Summary of the invention
The present invention for overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of burr removal rate is high, burr residual less, burr waste material
It can collect automatically, workpiece is not easy a kind of brake disc automatic assembly line scratched.
To achieve the goals above, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a kind of brake disc automatic assembly line, including feeding
Mould, for the stamping forming stamping die of workpiece, piercing die, for the deburring mould and rewinding mould of workpiece deburring；The unhairing
Piercing mould includes punching unit, driving unit, control unit, and the punching unit includes horizontal top, for going to workpiece
The operation pawl of deburring operation, for drive operation pawl move up and down the first actuator, the station below horizontal top,
The pressing block of movement, the second actuator and shaft for driving pressing block or so to act can be controlled；The horizontal top passes through
Connecting column is fixed on station upper surface, and the operation pawl includes the transition post on top, at least four pawl items, can move up and down control
Pawl division processed with cyclization and for drive this match cyclization move up and down auxiliary actuator, the pawl item is outside the transition post
It is circumferentially-spaced uniformly distributed, and pawl upper end is fixed on transition post, the pawl lower end can freely swing under the movement with cyclization
And then disperses or be closed；The pawl lower end is equipped with the conehead for removing workpiece surface burr, and the cooperation ring set is set to institute
It states outside transition post and pawl item, the station offers the through-hole passed through for shaft；The driving unit include horizonal base plate,
For the rotating electric machine of drive shaft rotation, for the displacement motor of drive shaft up and down action, the rotating electric machine, displacement electricity
It is enclosed outside machine equipped with motor casing, the roller end is equipped with the protrusion for cooperating with workpiece rotation stop；It is opened up on the station
Have for connecing the annular groove for drawing the metal burr fallen, burr collecting means are equipped with below the annular groove；The burr collecting means packet
Collecting box, the nut for positioning the collecting box are included, which is fixed on shaft, and the collecting box is offered to be passed through for shaft
Circular groove and holding tank for accommodating nut；The collection upper box part is opening setting, opening fitting and station following table
Face；The station is equipped with for the remaining metal burr to be swept into the cleaning item in annular groove, which includes
Opposed the first actuating strut for being connected to station front and rear sides and the second actuating strut and be removably connected to first actuating strut and
The Clean Brush for cleaning of second movement boom end；The operation console side is formed with pusher part, is equipped with to the other side for being placed in pusher part
Discharge bucket；First actuator, the second actuator, rotating electric machine, displacement motor are all connected to control unit.Present invention setting
At least four operation pawls, so that there are four coneheads to carry out deburring operation to workpiece simultaneously, when saving the work of at least twice
Between, more efficient, burr residual is few；When auxiliary actuator moves to bottom, the end of each pawl item may make to be closed completely,
And then it is disposed around the outside of workpiece, so that being corresponding with conehead in each orientation of workpiece, go to be less prone to during flash removed
Residual, burr removal rate can be improved 40%；Sync rates are high, and workpiece is completed while being moved up immediately with cyclization, unclamp the pressure to pawl item
Tightly, so that workpiece surface will not be scratched by moving up the conehead of process median claw end, workpiece percentage of head rice is improved, reduction is scrapped
Workpiece rate saves manufacturing cost；The setting of two pressing block of pawl item can apply pressure to operation pawl, so that operation on the outside of operation pawl
It is more bonded between pawl and workpiece, there is no gap between conehead and workpiece, the complete burr for removing workpiece surface is ensured
Burr removes qualification rate；By the dual cooperation of auxiliary actuator and pressing block, realize between the conehead and workpiece on pawl item
It is closely fitted, it is limited to prevent workpiece from shaking even if being also not in gap in Work piece high-speed rotation, ensure burr removal
Precisely quickly；The protrusion of roller end is arranged, so that workpiece and shaft rotation stop cooperate, drives the process of workpiece rotation in shaft
In, it will not slide between the two, improve working efficiency；The setting of annular groove and collecting means, can be in the tooling course of work
The burr waste material removed is collected, removes worker from periodically to the clean work of station, the work for mitigating worker is negative
Load, and there is no burr waste material residual on station, in workpiece rotation, surface will not be rolled into the seam of workpiece and station
Burr waste material between gap scratches, and ensures workpiece integrality；Pusher part is limited to the position for being parallel to workpiece, towards discharge bucket,
After workpiece completes deburring operation, pusher part is popped up to workpiece direction, and workpiece is pushed into discharge bucket, completes what workpiece was collected
Automatic operation；Displacement motor drive shaft moves up and down, it can be achieved that positioning to workpiece, move down can Rapid reversal for work
The positioning of part facilitates pusher part to release workpiece；Workpiece can be prevented to be pushed out in the state of unfinished simultaneously, shaft is only in burr
It moves down and discharges after removal completely, improve workpiece's qualification rate；Clean Brush for cleaning can sweep the metal burr remained on station
Enter in annular groove, to prevent having metal burr residual on station, next workpiece for carrying out deburring operation will not be scratched；
Hairbrush can be replaced, it is convenient to operate between Clean Brush for cleaning and actuating strut to be detachably connected simultaneously.
Further, the collecting box includes left collecting box and right collecting box, and the left collecting box end extends outwardly shape
At snap-gauge, the snap-gauge and right collecting box are realized by screw and lock connection；Left collecting box and right collecting box are detachably connected, when
When the burr waste material collected in it is more, collecting box can be removed, can continue to make after the burr waste material in it is poured out
With save the cost.
Further, the pressing block is arc-shaped setting to station upper surface, the operation pawl cross section is arranged in,
The pressing block is equipped with the cambered surface for being suitable for operating pawl, so that operation pawl is preferably bonded in workpiece surface, improves removal speed.
Further, first actuator, the second actuator are cylinder.
In conclusion using automatic operation, high-volume can be met and operated the present invention has the advantage that easy to operate,
Work efficiency is high；Using dual punching operation, burr removal is accurate quick, and product qualification rate is high.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the partial schematic diagram of shaft.
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 1 at B.
In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the present invention program, below in conjunction in the embodiment of the present invention
Attached drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described.
As shown in Figure 1-3, a kind of brake disc automatic assembly line, including feeding mould, for the stamping forming stamping die of workpiece,
Piercing die, deburring mould and rewinding mould for workpiece deburring；The deburring mould includes punching unit, driving unit, control
Unit processed, the punching unit include horizontal top 11, operation pawl, station 14, pressing block 15, shaft 17, the first actuator
13, the second actuator 16；Specifically, the operation pawl included top cross column 81, at least four pawl items 82, with cyclization 83 and
Auxiliary actuator；The through-hole passed through for the transition post 81, the end of the pawl item 82 are offered in the horizontal top 11
Be connected in the transition post 81, and pawl item 82 outside the transition post 81 it is circumferential uniformly at intervals；The lower end of pawl item 82 can match
Freely swing under the movement of cyclization 83 and then disperses or be closed.When moving down with cyclization 83, pawl end is gradually closed together；
When moving up with cyclization 83, pawl end separates gradually.In this present embodiment, the pawl item 82 is set as 4, when with cyclization 83
When moving down into bottom, four pawl items 82 just constitute a hollow cylinder, are disposed around outer workpiece.The transition post 81 and institute
It states the first actuator 13 to be connected, drives the transition post 81 to move up and down by the first actuator 13.
Secondly, described be sheathed on outside the transition post 81 and pawl item 82 with cyclization 83, to move up and down with cyclization 83
When, it can control the division of the low side of pawl item 82.The auxiliary actuator is then used to that this to be driven to move up and down with cyclization 83.In order to right
The burr of workpiece surface is removed, and the lower end of the pawl item 82 is connected with conehead 3, and the end of the conehead 3 is more sharp, can be right
Workpiece surface carries out scraped finish, so that workpiece surface becomes smooth.The quantity of conehead 3 is identical as the quantity of pawl item 82, and the conehead 3 is solid
Surely it is connected to 82 inner surface of pawl item.Station 14 is located at the lower section of horizontal top, and the pressing block 15 is arranged on station 14,
Its quantity is set as two, the opposed outer fix that operation pawl is arranged in.When the conehead 3 on operation pawl needs to carry out workpiece
When deburring, pressing block 15 can be moved inward, punching operation pawl, so that being not easy between conehead 3 and workpiece there are gap, burr is gone
Except rate height.Preferably, the cross section of the pawl item 82 is arc-shaped setting, the pressing block 15 is equipped with the arc suitable for pawl item
Face；So that pawl item is preferably bonded in workpiece surface, removal speed is improved.Second actuator 16 is for driving pressing block 15
The left and right movement on station 14.In the present embodiment, the first actuator 13, the second actuator 16 are cylinder.The level
Top plate 11 is fixed on 14 upper surface of station by connecting column 2.
The driving unit includes horizonal base plate 41, rotating electric machine, displacement motor and motor casing 42, the motor casing 42
It encloses outside rotating electric machine, displacement motor, motor casing 42 is fixedly connected on horizonal base plate 41.The rotating electric machine is for driving
Shaft 17 rotates, and the displacement motor is moved up and down for drive shaft 17.The shaft 17 extends to operation by motor casing 42
Platform offers the through-hole passed through for shaft 17 on the station 14.It is used for and workpiece preferably, 17 end of shaft is equipped with
The protrusion 171 of rotation stop cooperation, so that workpiece and shaft rotation stop cooperate, during shaft drives workpiece rotation, between the two
It will not slide, improve working efficiency.In the present embodiment, the end of the shaft is formed with a circle extended loop, described convex
What portion 171 was spaced is arranged on the upper surface of the extended loop.When brake disc is placed in shaft, which just can be with
It is inserted into the connecting hole of brake disc, it is limited.
In operation, except the burr waste material fallen can be accumulated on station, the process of flash removed is gone in workpiece
In, it is easy that workpiece is caused to scratch.It is thus typically necessary to regularly clear up the burr waste material on station.So I
An annular groove 141 has been opened up on the station 14, which can be used for connecing the metal burr for drawing and falling；It should
The lower section of annular groove 141 is equipped with burr collecting means.Specifically, the burr collecting means include collecting box 51, it is described for positioning
The nut 52 of collecting box, the nut 52 are fixed on shaft 17, the collecting box 51 offer the circular groove passed through for shaft 17 and
In the holding tank 511 of accommodating nut 52.The top of the collecting box is opening setting, when collecting box is placed in shaft, is received
The opening of header fits with 14 lower surface of station, and gap, and annular groove and the opening in communication are not present between the two,
So that the burr waste material fallen on annular groove can be directly entered in collecting box 51, can't be leaked out because of there are gap.As
It is preferred that can set collecting box 51 to separate structure, the collecting box 51 includes left collecting box 512 and right collecting box 513, described
Left collecting box end extends outward to form snap-gauge, the snap-gauge and right collecting box 513 and realizes locking connection by screw 9.Work as receipts
When the burr waste material collected in header 51 is more, collecting box can be removed, it can be after after the burr waste material in it is poured out
It is continuous to use, save the cost.
The jagged waste material of institute can not be collected removal by operating process intermediate annular groove, had small part and remained in annular groove
Two sides；These burr waste materials cause to scratch to workpiece in order to prevent, we are provided with a cleaning item on the station 14,
The cleaning item is for the remaining metal burr to be swept into annular groove, thus the burr residual effectively on cleaning operation platform；
Specifically, the cleaning item includes the first actuating strut 18 and the second actuating strut 19 and Clean Brush for cleaning 20；First actuating strut 18
With the second actuating strut 19 is opposed is connected to 14 front and rear sides of station, and can be around being carried out under the action of control unit
Movement drives Clean Brush for cleaning to clean station, is not easy the presence of cleaning dead angle；The Clean Brush for cleaning 20 is removably connected to
19 end of first actuating strut 18 and the second actuating strut, when long-time service is so that the bristle of Clean Brush for cleaning is reduced, it is difficult to when cleaning,
Clean Brush for cleaning can be replaced.
The operation console side is formed with pusher part 6, is equipped with discharge bucket 7 to the other side for being placed in pusher part 6；Pusher part 6
The position for being parallel to workpiece is set, and towards discharge bucket, after workpiece completes deburring operation, pusher part can be to workpiece direction
Workpiece is pushed into discharge bucket by pop-up, completes the automatic operation that workpiece is collected.First actuator 13, the second actuator
16, rotating electric machine, displacement motor are all connected to control unit, are controlled by control unit each component, realize automation
Working principle is as follows: workpiece to be de-burred is placed on station 14, and control unit issues signal at this time, so that
Displacement motor drive shaft moves up, and positions in roller end insertion workpiece to workpiece；Control unit issues signal later, makes
It obtains the first actuator driving operation pawl to move down, the second actuator driving pressing block 15 moves inward, workpiece pressing；Then control is single
Member issues signal, so that the rotation of rotating electric machine drive shaft drives workpiece rotation, conehead is removed the burr of workpiece surface；
After the completion of removal, control unit control shaft is moved down, and operation pawl moves up, and pressing block 15 is displaced outwardly；Workpiece is placed in operation at this time
On platform 14, control pusher part 6 is popped up, and workpiece is pushed into discharge bucket, is slid to external Material collecting box for harvesting.
Obviously, described embodiment is only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on
Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other
Embodiment should fall within the scope of the present invention.