CN105993312A - Efficient agricultural seeder - Google Patents

Efficient agricultural seeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105993312A
CN105993312A CN201610507717.4A CN201610507717A CN105993312A CN 105993312 A CN105993312 A CN 105993312A CN 201610507717 A CN201610507717 A CN 201610507717A CN 105993312 A CN105993312 A CN 105993312A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seed
wheel
box
frame
plough
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610507717.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
翟孝辉
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Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201610507717.4A priority Critical patent/CN105993312A/en
Publication of CN105993312A publication Critical patent/CN105993312A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/08Broadcast seeders; Seeders depositing seeds in rows
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/062Devices for making drills or furrows
    • A01C5/064Devices for making drills or furrows with rotating tools
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/066Devices for covering drills or furrows
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/066Devices for covering drills or furrows
    • A01C5/068Furrow packing devices, e.g. press wheels

Landscapes

  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Sowing (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an efficient agricultural seeder which comprises a press wheel, a rack, a seed box, ditchers and a guide wheel, wherein a vibrating shovel is arranged above the press wheel; a spring is arranged above the vibrating shovel; the rack is arranged above the spring; seed tubes are arranged above the rack; a bearing is arranged above the seed tubes; the seed box is arranged above the bearing; a seed discharge gear is arranged below the seed box; a seed scattering plate is arranged below the seed discharge gear; the side of the seed scattering plate is provided with a stirring wheel; ditching rotary blades are arranged below the stirring wheel; the sides of the ditching rotary blades are provided with the ditchers; the sides of the ditchers are provided with soil coverers; the side of the soil coverers is provided with a fixed plate; and the guide wheel is arranged below the fixed plate. The efficient agricultural seeder has the beneficial effects that sowing efficiency is greatly improved, a seed survival rate is high and seeds are pre-buried tightly without outleakage.

Description

A kind of efficient farm seeder
Technical field
The present invention relates to machinery agricultural equipment design field, particularly relate to a kind of efficient farm seeder.
Background technology
Within 1636, make First seeder in Greece.Within 1830, Russian makes drill plough on animal power multishare plough. After 1860, the state such as Great Britain and America starts to produce animal power grain dill in a large number.Traction and suspension type paddy is in succession occurred in that after 20 century Thing drill for sowing in lines, and use the seeder of strength seeding.The fifties develops precise seeder.China introduced from the 1950's Grain dill, sowing cotton seed device etc..Successively it is developed into suspension type grain seeder, centrifugal seeder, general the sixties The polytypes such as frame seeder and aspiration type sowing device, and it is developed into grinder-vein disk feed.To the seventies, formed in sowing Plough universal machine and 2 series of corn combined sowing device, succeed in developing precise seeder simultaneously.Making liking of seeder plantation The seed of thing or make the capsuled seed of pill shape.It can be divided into vacuum Seeder seed broadcaster, drill for sowing in lines by seeding method With hill-drop drill three class.Start all types of precise seeders developed in a large number the fifties, can accurately control application rate, cave (strain) away from Seed level.Starting the strength seeding precise seeder of development the seventies, its feed mechanism for seed (aspirated-air type, vapour-pressure type or air-sweeping type) is just utilizing Pressure or negative-pressure air-flow discharge string seed in certain intervals, it is achieved simple grain precision hill-drop sowing, with traditional mechanical seed sowing device phase Ratio, has the features such as the amount of broadcasting is accurate, injuring-free seed is sub.In addition with a kind of mechanical accurate seeding apparatus.Suspension for band fertilizer apparatus Formula 6 row imtertilled crop seeder, can be used for drilling and the bunch planting of the imtertilled crops such as Semen sojae atricolor, Semen Maydis and Sorghum vulgare Pers..But it is described above Seeder due to inefficiency, often occur that seed can not be placed into the soil the shortcoming of the inside.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is that provides a kind of efficient farm seeder to solve the problems referred to above.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions above-mentioned purpose:
A kind of efficient farm seeder, including press wheel, frame, seed-box, plough, directive wheel, above described press wheel Being provided with vibrations shovel, described vibrations shovel is provided above spring, and described spring is provided above described frame, above described frame Being provided with seed pipe, described seed pipe is provided above bearing, and described bearing is provided above described seed-box, described seed-box Lower section is provided with chimes gear, is provided with and dissipates kind of a plate below described chimes gear, and described scattered kind of plate side is provided with and stirs wheel, described Stirring and be provided with trench digging rotary blade below wheel, described trench digging rotary blade side is provided with described plough, and described plough side sets Being equipped with coverer, described coverer side is provided with fixed plate, is provided with directive wheel below described fixed plate.
In said structure, putting into scattered seed inside described seed-box, described directive wheel drives described by the traction of machine The rotation of bearing, described bearing drives described seeding gear to rotate, and dissipates kind of plate and move forward and backward described in described chimes gear driven, in It is that seed is got off by described seed pipe flow, has held groove successfully yet with described plough, so seed is directly entered In soil, finally by described coverer, seed being covered upper soil, described directive wheel the most simply rolls, it is ensured that seed Bury.
In order to heighten sowing efficiency further, described press wheel is connected by screw with described vibrations shovel, described vibrations shovel It is connected by spring with described frame.
In order to heighten sowing efficiency further, described seed pipe is connected by draw-in groove with described scattered kind of plate, described chimes tooth Wheel is connected by described bearing with described seed-box.
In order to heighten sowing efficiency further, described in stir wheel be connected through the hinge with described trench digging rotary blade, described trench digging Device is connected by screw with described frame.
In order to heighten sowing efficiency further, described coverer is connected by screw with described frame, described fixed plate with Described directive wheel is connected by screw.
Having the beneficial effects that: greatly improve sowing efficiency, seed viability is high, and seed is pre-buried tight not to leak outside.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view of a kind of efficient farm seeder of the present invention.
1, press wheel;2, vibrations shovel;3, spring;4, seed pipe;5, frame;6, bearing;7, seed-box;8, chimes gear; 9, kind of a plate is dissipated;10, wheel is stirred;11, trench digging rotary blade;12, plough;13, coverer;14, fixed plate;15, directive wheel.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of efficient farm seeder, including press wheel 1, frame 5, seed-box 7, plough 12, directive wheel 15, press wheel 1 is provided above shaking shovel 2, and vibrations shovel 2 is provided above spring 3, and spring 3 plays the effect of damping, spring 3 Being provided above organic frame 5, frame 5 plays the effect of fixing support, and frame 5 is provided above seed pipe 4, sets above seed pipe 4 Being equipped with bearing 6, bearing 6 is used for driving chimes gear 8 to rotate, and bearing 6 is provided above seed-box 7, and seed-box 7 is used for holding scattered Seed, is provided with chimes gear 8 below seed-box 7, be provided with and dissipate kind of a plate 9 below chimes gear 8, dissipates kind of plate 9 side and is provided with Stir wheel 10, stir wheel 10 for lift trench digging rotary blade 11 height, stir wheel 10 below be provided with trench digging rotary blade 11, ditch rotary tillage Cutter 11 side is provided with plough 12, and plough 12 is for open channels, and plough 12 side is provided with coverer 13, coverer 13 Realizing covering seed with soil, coverer 13 side is provided with fixed plate 14, is provided with directive wheel 15 below fixed plate 14.
In said structure, putting into scattered seed inside seed-box 7, directive wheel 15 is by the rotation of the traction belt dynamic bearing 6 of machine Turning, bearing 6 drives seeding gear 8 to rotate, and chimes gear 8 drives scattered kind of plate 9 to move forward and backward, and then seed is flowed by seed pipe 7 Get off, held groove successfully yet with plough 12, so seed is directly entered in soil, finally by coverer 13 Seed covers upper soil, and directive wheel 15 the most simply rolls, it is ensured that burying of seed.
In order to heighten sowing efficiency further, press wheel 1 is connected by screw with vibrations shovel 2, and vibrations shovel 2 passes through bullet with frame 5 Spring 3 connects, and seed pipe 4 is connected by draw-in groove with dissipating kind of a plate 9, and chimes gear 8 is connected by bearing 6 with seed-box 7, stir take turns 10 and Trench digging rotary blade 11 is connected through the hinge, and plough 12 is connected by screw with frame 5, and coverer 13 and frame 5 pass through screw Connecting, fixed plate 14 is connected by screw with directive wheel 15.
The ultimate principle of the present invention, principal character and advantage have more than been shown and described.The technical staff of the industry should Understanding, the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments, and the simply explanation present invention's described in above-described embodiment and description is former Reason, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention also has various changes and modifications, these changes and improvements Both fall within scope of the claimed invention.Claimed scope is by appending claims and Xiao Wu circle thereof Fixed.

Claims (5)

1. an efficient farm seeder, it is characterised in that: include press wheel (1), frame (5), seed-box (7), plough (12), directive wheel (15), described press wheel (1) be provided above vibrations shovel (2), described vibrations shovel (2) be provided above spring (3), described spring (3) is provided above described frame (5), and described frame (5) is provided above seed pipe (4), described seed Pipe (4) is provided above bearing (6), and described bearing (6) is provided above described seed-box (7), and described seed-box (7) lower section sets Being equipped with chimes gear (8), described chimes gear (8) lower section is provided with and dissipates kind of a plate (9), and described scattered kind of plate (9) side is provided with and stirs Wheel (10), described in stir wheel (10) lower section and be provided with trench digging rotary blade (11), described in described trench digging rotary blade (11) side is provided with Plough (12), described plough (12) side is provided with coverer (13), and described coverer (13) side is provided with fixed plate (14), described fixed plate (14) lower section is provided with directive wheel (15).
The efficient farm seeder of one the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described press wheel (1) is with described Vibrations shovel (2) are connected by screw, and described vibrations shovel (2) are connected by described spring 3 with described frame (5).
The efficient farm seeder of one the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described seed pipe (4) is with described Dissipating kind of a plate (9) to be connected by draw-in groove, described chimes gear (8) is connected by described bearing (6) with described seed-box (9).
The efficient farm seeder of one the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that stir wheel (10) described in: and open with described Ditch rotary blade (11) is connected through the hinge, and described plough (12) is connected by screw with described frame (5).
The efficient farm seeder of one the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described coverer (13) is with described Frame (5) is connected by screw, and described fixed plate (14) is connected by screw with described directive wheel (15) wheel.
CN201610507717.4A 2016-07-01 2016-07-01 Efficient agricultural seeder Pending CN105993312A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610507717.4A CN105993312A (en) 2016-07-01 2016-07-01 Efficient agricultural seeder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610507717.4A CN105993312A (en) 2016-07-01 2016-07-01 Efficient agricultural seeder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105993312A true CN105993312A (en) 2016-10-12

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CN201610507717.4A Pending CN105993312A (en) 2016-07-01 2016-07-01 Efficient agricultural seeder

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107820758A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-03-23 韩元元 A kind of simple grain blanking mechanical device and method for agriculture sowing cotton seed

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000069807A (en) * 1998-08-28 2000-03-07 Iseki & Co Ltd Seedling transplanter
CN201403290Y (en) * 2009-05-11 2010-02-17 常用旺 Machine integrating ditching, fertilizing, rotary tillage and sowing
CN102687611A (en) * 2012-06-16 2012-09-26 河北省农林科学院粮油作物研究所 Wheat rotary tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill
CN204272637U (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-04-22 扎赉特旗兴义农丰农牧机械装备有限公司 A kind of accurate no-tillage seeding machine
CN104686024A (en) * 2013-12-05 2015-06-10 哈尔滨派腾农业科技有限公司 No-tillage seeder
CN104838746A (en) * 2014-02-13 2015-08-19 徐州润裕机械科技有限公司 Rotary tillage sowing and fertilization ditching multiple operation machine
CN205883947U (en) * 2016-07-01 2017-01-18 翟孝辉 Agricultural disseminator of efficient

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000069807A (en) * 1998-08-28 2000-03-07 Iseki & Co Ltd Seedling transplanter
CN201403290Y (en) * 2009-05-11 2010-02-17 常用旺 Machine integrating ditching, fertilizing, rotary tillage and sowing
CN102687611A (en) * 2012-06-16 2012-09-26 河北省农林科学院粮油作物研究所 Wheat rotary tillage combined seed and fertilizer drill
CN104686024A (en) * 2013-12-05 2015-06-10 哈尔滨派腾农业科技有限公司 No-tillage seeder
CN104838746A (en) * 2014-02-13 2015-08-19 徐州润裕机械科技有限公司 Rotary tillage sowing and fertilization ditching multiple operation machine
CN204272637U (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-04-22 扎赉特旗兴义农丰农牧机械装备有限公司 A kind of accurate no-tillage seeding machine
CN205883947U (en) * 2016-07-01 2017-01-18 翟孝辉 Agricultural disseminator of efficient

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107820758A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-03-23 韩元元 A kind of simple grain blanking mechanical device and method for agriculture sowing cotton seed

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SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
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Application publication date: 20161012