CN105964561A - Sorting machine and sorting method thereof - Google Patents

Sorting machine and sorting method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105964561A
CN105964561A CN201610544209.3A CN201610544209A CN105964561A CN 105964561 A CN105964561 A CN 105964561A CN 201610544209 A CN201610544209 A CN 201610544209A CN 105964561 A CN105964561 A CN 105964561A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
actuator
image acquisition
conveyer
sorting
action
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610544209.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑宏
赵广华
陈明
谈磊
陆奎荣
Original Assignee
扬州福尔喜果蔬汁机械有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 扬州福尔喜果蔬汁机械有限公司 filed Critical 扬州福尔喜果蔬汁机械有限公司
Priority to CN201610544209.3A priority Critical patent/CN105964561A/en
Publication of CN105964561A publication Critical patent/CN105964561A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/02Measures preceding sorting, e.g. arranging articles in a stream orientating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/34Sorting according to other particular properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/361Processing or control devices therefor, e.g. escort memory
    • B07C5/362Separating or distributor mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/38Collecting or arranging articles in groups

Abstract

The invention provides a sorting machine and a sorting method thereof. The sorting machine and the sorting method thereof are simple in structure, convenient to operate and capable of improving the work efficiency. The sorting machine comprises a lifting feeder, a vibration impurity remover, a belt sorting machine body and a sorting conveyor, all of which are sequentially arranged. The vibration impurity remover comprises a support, a vibration bin and a vibration motor. The vibration bin is arranged on the support. The vibration motor is arranged on the outer side of the support. A filtering screen is arranged in the vibration bin. The belt sorting machine body comprises a conveying belt. A plurality of conveying channels are evenly distributed on the conveying belt. The sorting conveyor comprises a sorting bin. An imaging mechanism is arranged at the upper portion of the sorting bin, a plurality of first executing mechanisms and a plurality of second executing mechanisms are arranged at the middle portion of the sorting bin, and a first conveyor and a second conveyor are arranged at the lower portion of the sorting bin. According to the sorting machine and the sorting method thereof, sorting is convenient, and the work time is saved.

Description

A kind of separator and method for separating thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of machinery automation, particularly relate to material separator and method for separating thereof.
Background technology
Sorting unit is applied to the sorting of the agricultural product such as plurality of cereals, vegetable, dry fruit, it is possible to fast and effeciently differentiate and eliminate foreign body, the material of the different quality grade of sorting.But, screening doffer range of application in prior art has limitation.Common doffer can only be simple blanking or simply with substandard products, qualified products be separated blanking, and the effect that qualified products can also be switched during blanking automatically while can not reaching to go out bad part eject, thus add cost of labor, also it is unfavorable for attention of staff's multiple devices, causes personnel to waste.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to problem above, it is provided that a kind of simple in construction, convenient operation, improves separator and the method for separating thereof of work efficiency.
The technical scheme is that lifting feeding machine, vibrations impurity removing machine, belt collator and the sortation conveyor including setting gradually.
Described vibrations impurity removing machine includes support, vibrations storehouse and vibration motor, and described vibrations storehouse is located on support, and described vibration motor is located at the outside of support, is provided with sieves in described vibrations storehouse.
Described belt collator includes conveyer belt, and described conveyer belt is laid with some transfer passages.
Described sortation conveyor includes sorting bin, the top of described sorting bin is provided with imaging mechanism, middle part is provided with some actuators one and some actuators two, bottom is provided with conveyer one and conveyer two, described imaging mechanism includes the image acquisition room that controller and two rows are oppositely arranged, transfer passage described in the one_to_one corresponding of described image acquisition room, described actuator one described image acquisition room corresponding with actuator 211, described actuator one is positioned at the top of actuator two, described actuator one is identical with the direction of action of actuator two, material is made to push on conveyer one, described conveyer one and conveyer two lay respectively at actuator one and the both sides of actuator two.
Described image acquisition room is used for gathering image and signal passing to controller, and described controller controls actuator one and actuator two action.
Described image acquisition room includes camera and a pair light source, and described camera is between a pair light source, and a pair light source is oppositely arranged and is connected on sorting bin by fixed plate.
Also including reflector, described reflector is fixing to be located on sorting bin, and described light source is between camera and reflector, and a pair light source is respectively facing described reflector.
Described belt collator also includes carrying storehouse, and described conveyer belt is located in conveying storehouse, is provided with cross bar in described conveying storehouse, and described cross bar is positioned at the top of conveyer belt, and described cross bar is perpendicular to described transfer passage.
Described actuator one, two is air-leg or electric pushrod.
Method for separating in the present invention, comprises the following steps:
1) material lifting, is delivered to material shake in storehouse by promoting feeding machine;
2) roguing, vibration motor action, material goes the removal of impurity by sieves in vibrations storehouse;
3) material transferring, material some transfer passages transmission on the conveyor belt;
4) sorting,
4.1) image acquisition, two row's image acquisition rooms include image acquisition room one and image acquisition room two, image acquisition room one is positioned at the top of image acquisition room two, and described image acquisition room one is for gathering size and the defect of material, and image acquisition two is for gathering the defect of material;
4.2) signal processing, the signal of image acquisition reaches controller, and controller obtains size and the defect of material, and calculates the coordinate of material;
4.3) trigger action, controller controls actuator one and actuator two action, and controller passes through size Control actuator one action, by powder injection molding actuator two action;
4.4) classification, off-dimension and defect material drop down onto on conveyer one, and qualified material directly drops down onto on conveyer two;
5) complete.
Guide plate one and guide plate two it is provided with in described sorting bin, the corresponding described actuator one of described guide plate one, the corresponding described actuator two of described guide plate two.
Described conveyer one is provided with demarcation strip, forms marker space one and marker space two, the corresponding actuator one in described marker space one, the corresponding actuator two in described marker space two.
At work, material to shaking impurity removing machine, is worked by vibration motor the present invention by lifting feeding machine feeding, and the sieves in vibrations storehouse is by the Impurity removal in material;Enter back into belt collator, owing to arranging some transfer passages on the conveyor belt so that material is transmitted from conveyer belt side by side;Finally, enter sortation conveyor to carry out sorting conveying, material enters sorting bin and carries out the image acquisition of front and back through the image acquisition room being oppositely arranged, again signal is passed to controller, analyse whether to control corresponding actuator one, two action by controller, if execution action, material enters on conveyer one;Not performing action, material enters on conveyer two, carries out classification.The present invention is easy to sorting, saves the working time.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of image acquisition room in the present invention.
In figure, 1 is an up feeding machine, 2 is vibrations impurity removing machines, 21 is support, 22 is vibrations storehouses, 23 is vibration motor, 24 is sieves, 3 is belt collator, 31 is conveyer belt, 310 is transfer passage, 32 is conveying storehouse, 33 is cross bar, 4 is sortation conveyor, 41 is sorting bin, 42 is imaging mechanism, 420 is image acquisition room, 4201 is camera, 4202 is light source, 4203 is fixed plate, 4204 is reflector, 431 are carried out mechanism one, 432 are carried out mechanism two, 44 is conveyer one, 45 is conveyer two, 5 is material, 6 is guide plate one, 7 is guide plate two, 8 is demarcation strip, 9 is marker space one, 10 is marker space two.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention as Figure 1-3, including the lifting feeding machine 1 set gradually, shakes impurity removing machine 2, belt collator 3 and sortation conveyor 4.
Described vibrations impurity removing machine 2 includes support 21, vibrations storehouse 22 and vibration motor 23, and described vibrations storehouse is located on support, and described vibration motor is located at the outside of support, is provided with sieves 24 in described vibrations storehouse.
The material that lifting feeding machine elevates, by shock effect, is shaken and paves uniformly by vibrations impurity removing machine in the direction of the width, and when material movement to vibration filter screen, impurity is filtered to shake the bottom in storehouse and discharges.
Described belt collator 3 includes conveyer belt 31, and described conveyer belt 31 is laid with some transfer passages 310.
nullDescribed sortation conveyor 4 includes sorting bin 41,The top of described sorting bin is provided with imaging mechanism 42、Middle part is provided with some actuators 1 and some actuators 2 432、Bottom is provided with conveyer 1 and conveyer 2 45,Described imaging mechanism 42 includes the image acquisition room 420 that controller and two rows are oppositely arranged,Transfer passage 310 described in the one_to_one corresponding of described image acquisition room 420,Described actuator one described image acquisition room 420 corresponding with actuator 211,Described actuator one is positioned at the top of actuator two,Described actuator one is identical with the direction of action of actuator two,Material is pushed on conveyer one,Described conveyer 1 and conveyer 2 45 lay respectively at actuator one and the both sides of actuator two,Conveyer one、Two is belt conveyor.
Described image acquisition room 420 is used for gathering image and signal passing to controller, and described controller controls actuator one and actuator two action.
Described image acquisition room 420 includes camera 4201 and a pair light source 4202, and described camera is between a pair light source, and a pair light source 4202 is oppositely arranged and is connected on sorting bin by fixed plate 4203.
Also including reflector 4204, described reflector is fixing to be located on sorting bin, and described light source is between camera and reflector, a pair light source is respectively facing described reflector, and at work, material 5 falls between light source and reflector, carry out light filling, improve the effect of image acquisition.
Described belt collator 3 also includes carrying storehouse 32, and described conveyer belt 31 is located in conveying storehouse 32, is provided with cross bar 33 in described conveying storehouse, described cross bar 33 is positioned at the top of conveyer belt 31, described cross bar is perpendicular to described transfer passage, it is to avoid material occurs stacking phenomenon so that material arranges one by one.
Described actuator one, two is air-leg or electric pushrod, it is simple to select according to job demand.
Method for separating in the present invention, comprises the following steps:
1) material lifting, is delivered to material shake in storehouse by promoting feeding machine;
2) roguing, vibration motor action, material goes the removal of impurity by sieves in vibrations storehouse;
3) material transferring, material some transfer passages transmission on the conveyor belt;
Vibrations impurity removing machine is used for the transmission speed material transferring speed more than belt collator of material so that material, when continuous blanking, keeps the spacing of 5-8cm, coordinates image acquisition action, and sets aside some time for subsequent execution mechanism one, two action;
4) sorting:
4.1) image acquisition, two row's image acquisition rooms include image acquisition room one and image acquisition room two, image acquisition room one is positioned at the top of image acquisition room two, and described image acquisition room one is for gathering size and the defect of material, and image acquisition two is for gathering the defect of material;
4.2) signal processing, the signal of image acquisition reaches controller, and controller obtains size and the defect of material, and calculates the coordinate of material;
4.3) trigger action, controller controls actuator one and actuator two action, and controller passes through size Control actuator one action, by powder injection molding actuator two action;
4.4) classification, off-dimension and defect material drop down onto on conveyer one, and qualified material directly drops down onto on conveyer two;
5) complete.
The present invention is in assorting room, by being acquired the size of material and defect information, the front and back of material is acquired by image acquisition room one and image acquisition room two respectively, and both of which arranges the collection information of defect, defect has priority, improves the reliability of classification;Size collection only can need to be realized by single image collection, convenient operation;Size, according to controller signals action, is sorted, sorts defect material by actuator one, two.
Guide plate 1 and guide plate 27 it is provided with in described sorting bin, the corresponding described actuator one of described guide plate one, the corresponding described actuator two of described guide plate two.
Described conveyer one is provided with demarcation strip 8, forms marker space 1 and marker space 2 10, the corresponding actuator one in described marker space one, the corresponding actuator two in described marker space two.
Material, under actuator one action, makes it reliably drop down onto in marker space one by guide plate one;Under the action of actuator two, it is made reliably to drop down onto in marker space two by guide plate two, it is simple to separate, sort.

Claims (7)

1. a separator, it is characterised in that include lifting feeding machine, vibrations impurity removing machine, belt collator and the sortation conveyor set gradually;
Described vibrations impurity removing machine includes support, vibrations storehouse and vibration motor, and described vibrations storehouse is located on support, and described vibration motor is located at the outside of support, is provided with sieves in described vibrations storehouse;
Described belt collator includes conveyer belt, and described conveyer belt is laid with some transfer passages;
Described sortation conveyor includes sorting bin, the top of described sorting bin is provided with imaging mechanism, middle part is provided with some actuators one and some actuators two, bottom is provided with conveyer one and conveyer two, described imaging mechanism includes the image acquisition room that controller and two rows are oppositely arranged, transfer passage described in the one_to_one corresponding of described image acquisition room, described actuator one described image acquisition room corresponding with actuator 211, described actuator one is positioned at the top of actuator two, described actuator one is identical with the direction of action of actuator two, material is made to push on conveyer one, described conveyer one and conveyer two lay respectively at actuator one and the both sides of actuator two;
Described image acquisition room is used for gathering image and signal passing to controller, and described controller controls actuator one and actuator two action.
A kind of separator the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described image acquisition room includes camera and a pair light source, and described camera is between a pair light source, and a pair light source is oppositely arranged and is connected on sorting bin by fixed plate.
A kind of separator the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that also include reflector, described reflector is fixing to be located on sorting bin, and described light source is between camera and reflector, and a pair light source is respectively facing described reflector.
A kind of separator the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described belt collator also includes carrying storehouse, described conveyer belt is located in conveying storehouse, being provided with cross bar in described conveying storehouse, described cross bar is positioned at the top of conveyer belt, and described cross bar is perpendicular to described transfer passage.
5. according to described a kind of separator arbitrary in claim 1-5, it is characterised in that described actuator one, two is air-leg or electric pushrod.
6. the method for separating according to the separator described in right 1, it is characterised in that include following characteristics:
1), material lifting, be delivered to material to shake in storehouse by promoting feeding machine;
2), roguing, vibration motor action, material vibrations storehouse in go the removal of impurity by sieves;
3), material transferring, material on the conveyor belt some transfer passages transmission;
4), sort,
4.1), image acquisition, two row's image acquisition rooms include image acquisition room one and image acquisition room two, image acquisition room one is positioned at the top of image acquisition room two, and described image acquisition room one is for gathering size and the defect of material, and image acquisition two is for gathering the defect of material;
4.2), signal processing, the signal of image acquisition reaches controller, and controller obtains size and the defect of material, and calculates the coordinate of material;
4.3), trigger action, controller controls actuator one and actuator two action, and controller passes through size Control actuator one action, by powder injection molding actuator two action;
4.4), classification, off-dimension and defect material drop down onto on conveyer one, and qualified material directly drops down onto on conveyer two;
5), complete.
The method for separating of a kind of separator the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that be provided with guide plate one and guide plate two in described sorting bin, the corresponding described actuator one of described guide plate one, the corresponding described actuator two of described guide plate two;
Described conveyer one is provided with demarcation strip, forms marker space one and marker space two, the corresponding actuator one in described marker space one, the corresponding actuator two in described marker space two.
CN201610544209.3A 2016-07-12 2016-07-12 Sorting machine and sorting method thereof CN105964561A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106622971A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-10 广西江缘茧丝绸有限公司 Silkworm cocoon roughing device
CN106694381A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-24 广西江缘茧丝绸有限公司 Silkworm cocoon sorting machine
CN109047013A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-21 安徽省绩溪县飞奔链传动有限公司 The detection device of carrier bar weight after a kind of polishing
CN109513616A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-03-26 深圳蓝胖子机器人有限公司 Cargo screening technique, equipment and computer readable storage medium
CN111729870A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-10-02 成都卓识维景科技有限公司 Automatic detection device and method for air duct defects of brake disc based on machine vision

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106622971A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-10 广西江缘茧丝绸有限公司 Silkworm cocoon roughing device
CN106694381A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-24 广西江缘茧丝绸有限公司 Silkworm cocoon sorting machine
CN109047013A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-21 安徽省绩溪县飞奔链传动有限公司 The detection device of carrier bar weight after a kind of polishing
CN109513616A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-03-26 深圳蓝胖子机器人有限公司 Cargo screening technique, equipment and computer readable storage medium
CN111729870A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-10-02 成都卓识维景科技有限公司 Automatic detection device and method for air duct defects of brake disc based on machine vision
CN111729870B (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-11-17 成都卓识维景科技有限公司 Automatic detection device and method for air duct defects of brake disc based on machine vision

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