CN105948709B - A kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body and preparation method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105948709B
CN105948709B CN201610277068.3A CN201610277068A CN105948709B CN 105948709 B CN105948709 B CN 105948709B CN 201610277068 A CN201610277068 A CN 201610277068A CN 105948709 B CN105948709 B CN 105948709B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
mud
base
white clouds
cost
low
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201610277068.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105948709A (en
Inventor
郭建洲
陈欣方
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fujian Dehua Wuzhou Ceramic Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Fujian Dehua Wuzhou Ceramic Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fujian Dehua Wuzhou Ceramic Co Ltd filed Critical Fujian Dehua Wuzhou Ceramic Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610277068.3A priority Critical patent/CN105948709B/en
Publication of CN105948709A publication Critical patent/CN105948709A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105948709B publication Critical patent/CN105948709B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/132Waste materials; Refuse; Residues
    • C04B33/1321Waste slurries, e.g. harbour sludge, industrial muds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/1305Organic additives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/132Waste materials; Refuse; Residues
    • C04B33/1324Recycled material, e.g. tile dust, stone waste, spent refractory material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/32Burning methods
    • C04B33/34Burning methods combined with glazing
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3205Alkaline earth oxides or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. beryllium oxide
    • C04B2235/3208Calcium oxide or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. lime
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3205Alkaline earth oxides or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. beryllium oxide
    • C04B2235/3208Calcium oxide or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. lime
    • C04B2235/321Dolomites, i.e. mixed calcium magnesium carbonates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3418Silicon oxide, silicic acids, or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. silica sol, fused silica, silica fume, cristobalite, quartz or flint
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • C04B2235/3436Alkaline earth metal silicates, e.g. barium silicate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • C04B2235/3436Alkaline earth metal silicates, e.g. barium silicate
    • C04B2235/3445Magnesium silicates, e.g. forsterite
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • C04B2235/3463Alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. mullite
    • C04B2235/3472Alkali metal alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. spodumene, alkali feldspars such as albite or orthoclase, micas such as muscovite, zeolites such as natrolite
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/65Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes
    • C04B2235/656Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes characterised by specific heating conditions during heat treatment
    • C04B2235/6567Treatment time
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/65Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes
    • C04B2235/658Atmosphere during thermal treatment
    • C04B2235/6583Oxygen containing atmosphere, e.g. with changing oxygen pressures
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/96Properties of ceramic products, e.g. mechanical properties such as strength, toughness, wear resistance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/96Properties of ceramic products, e.g. mechanical properties such as strength, toughness, wear resistance
    • C04B2235/9646Optical properties
    • C04B2235/9661Colour
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body, it is fired in multiple elements design dicyandiamide solution by base-material and additive, base-material includes eluriating 25~35wt% of mud, 10~15wt% of smolmitza, 0~1wt% of bentonite, 5~6wt% of pyrophillite, 12~25wt% of hypothermia grait, 3~8wt% of lithium porcelain stone, 5~12wt% of dolomite, 6~12wt% of black talc, 6~10wt% of lime stone, 8~15wt% of diopside, Yongchun 0~5wt% of thick soil, useless 0~5wt% of porcelain powder;Additive is organic silicon nano liquid, and the weight percent of opposite base-material is 1~3%.The present invention is by being added multielement composite fluxing agent, firing temperature is greatly reduced in the especially addition of elemental lithium and organic silicon nano liquid, and since organic silicon nano liquid forms mullite crystal at low temperature, elemental lithium easily forms the high glass phase of intensity in easy fired, improves blank strength and degradable.

Description

A kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic technical fields, more particularly to a kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body and its system Preparation Method.
Background technique
White clouds pottery is also known as light ceramics, is the environment-friendly ceramic product generally acknowledged on international market.Lightweight white clouds pottery can be applied Coloured glaze colored drawing, can be made various types, such as tea tableware, craftwork, and appearance looks elegant is popular among consumers.It is especially white Yun Tao is since water absorption rate is big, after broken tile is embedded under soil, makes moist degradable, is finally divided into soil, and other hard-pastes Without this function, so white clouds pottery takes from the soil of underground, finally becomes soil again after completing mission, be to belong to enviroment protective ceramic Product.
But many producers develop and strengthen white clouds mud, in order to improve the mechanical strength of white clouds pottery, improve firing temperature (1080 DEG C -1130 DEG C), reach half porcelain, reduce the degradation function of white clouds pottery, and does not meet the purpose of white clouds pottery energy-saving and emission-reduction. The compression of increase glaze is proposed to improve intensity there are also research patent, and firing temperature also reaches 1080 ± 15 DEG C, generally Glaze is all in compressive stress state, and the method by improving compression raising intensity is unreliable, is difficult to control, controls bad meeting Reduce the intensity of white clouds pottery.
Utility model content
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of raw materials to be easy to get, it is cheap, can guarantee produce The white clouds greenwave body of product performance indicator, and meet white clouds and make pottery degradable function, meet the policy of national energy conservation and emission reduction.
The technical solution that the present invention uses is: a kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body, the green body by base-material with Additive is fired in multiple elements design flux system, wherein the additive is organic silicon nano liquid, and green body obtained is inhaled Water rate 18%~22%, flexural strength are 46MPa~52MPa, and whiteness is 68%~71%, and 160 DEG C~20 DEG C chillings are not It splits.
Preferably, the base-material includes the following raw material by weight percentage: elutriation 25~35wt% of mud, smolmitza 10~ 15wt%, 0~1wt% of bentonite, 5~6wt% of pyrophillite, 12~25wt% of hypothermia grait, 3~8wt% of lithium porcelain stone, dolomite 5 ~12wt%, it 6~12wt% of black talc, 6~10wt% of lime stone, 8~15wt% of diopside, Yongchun 0~5wt% of thick soil, gives up 0~5wt% of porcelain powder;The additive is 1~3% with respect to the weight percent of base-material.The thick soil in described Yongchun is mainly by 70% left side Right kaolin, 30% or so quartz composition, play the plasticity of enhancing product in the present invention.
Preferably, the multiple elements design flux system is K2O-Na2O-Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2Eutectic system and CaO- MgO-Al2O3-SiO2Eutectic system.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation methods of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body, pass through reduction Firing temperature realizes energy-saving purpose, and greatly reduces CO2The discharge of exhaust gas promotes row in favor of environment protection The sustainable development of industry production.
Its technical solution used is a kind of preparation method of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body, including following specific step It is rapid:
(1) inferior raw material is subjected to rolling, elutriation, sieving, removes iron, be prepared into elutriation mud;
(2) step (1) elutriation mud obtained is scored respectively with other raw materials in the base-material by weight percentage Grinding machine is milled to mixture particle and crosses 200-250 mesh, and it is spare to go out mud afterwards;
(3) mud that step (2) is prepared into is mixed with additive according to weight percent, by dehydration, vacuum pugging, Aging process, is prepared into qualified white clouds pottery mud item, and standby molding is used;
(4) white clouds prepared are made pottery into mud item through overmolding, glazing, oxidizing atmosphere firing, it is white obtains low-cost high-strength Cloud Tao Chengpin, wherein the maximum sintering temperature in sintering process is 1020 DEG C~1040 DEG C, and soaking time is 10 minutes~15 points Clock, being burnt into total used time is 6 hours~7 hours.
Preferably, the firing temperature control of the sintering process specifically: at the uniform velocity risen in 90min~110min from room temperature Temperature is to 300 DEG C, then 600 DEG C are at the uniform velocity warming up in 70min~85min, is then at the uniform velocity warming up in 100min~120min 900 DEG C, it is then at the uniform velocity warming up to maximum sintering temperature in 85min~95min, then keeps the temperature 10min in maximum sintering temperature ~15min.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1, raw material of the present invention is easy to get, cheap, reduces cost of material, and in general household porcelain production technique stream By the way that the addition of multielement composite fluxing agent, especially elemental lithium and the addition of organic silicon nano liquid is added in journey, make green body can Occur Partial Liquid Phase in advance and bond other hard particles, considerably reduces firing temperature, expand the firing temperature model of green body It encloses, greatly reduces CO2Energy-saving purpose is realized in the discharge of exhaust gas, and economic benefit and social benefit are significant, to conservation of nature Environment is of great significance, and may advantageously facilitate the sustainable development of industry production, while solving asking for mold high temperature deformation Topic, implementation easy to produce are easy to industrialization promotion and application.
2, the present invention joined organic silicon nano liquid in blank, forms eutectic substance with other elements in base-material, makes It obtains white clouds pottery and just generates sintering liquid phase under ultralow temperature, and be highly viscous liquid phase, form mullite crystal at low temperature, then The very high glass phase of intensity is easily formed in easy fired process in conjunction with the elemental lithium in base-material, to improve the intensity of green body, greatly The big sintering qualified rate for improving white clouds pottery, directly reduces the production cost of white clouds pottery.
3, low-cost and high-performance white clouds of the present invention pottery product properties have a significant raising, and water absorption rate 18%~ 22%, flexural strength is 46MPa~52MPa, and whiteness is 68%~71%, and 160 DEG C~20 DEG C chillings are not split, and are buried to underground It is easy to be broken up degradation by the erosion of water, it is environmentally protective.
Specific embodiment
The present invention provides a kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body, by base-material and additive in multiple elements design flux system In fire, wherein the multiple elements design flux system be K2O-Na2O-Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2Eutectic system and CaO- MgO-Al2O3-SiO2Eutectic system, the additive are organic silicon nano liquid, and the base-material includes the following raw material: eluriating mud Slurry, smolmitza, pyrophillite, hypothermia grait, lithium porcelain stone, dolomite, black talc, lime stone, diopside and selectivity addition are certain The bentonite of amount, the thick soil in Yongchun and useless porcelain powder.
Embodiment one:
In the present embodiment, the base-material includes the following raw material by weight percentage: eluriating mud 28wt%, smolmitza 12wt%, bentonite 1wt%, pyrophillite 5wt%, hypothermia grait 12wt%, lithium porcelain stone 4wt%, dolomite 10wt%, black talc 6wt%, lime stone 8wt%, diopside 9wt%, Yongchun slightly soil 2wt%, useless porcelain powder 3wt%;The additive is with respect to base-material Weight percent is 1%.The additive is organic silicon nano liquid, and the weight percent of opposite base-material is 1%.
The preparation method of the low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body of the present embodiment, comprises the following specific steps that:
(1) inferior raw material is subjected to rolling, elutriation, sieving, removes iron, be prepared into elutriation mud;
(2) step (1) elutriation mud obtained is scored respectively with other raw materials in the base-material by weight percentage Grinding machine is milled to mixture particle and crosses 200-250 mesh, and it is spare to go out mud afterwards;
(3) mud that step (2) is prepared into is mixed with additive according to weight percent, by dehydration, vacuum pugging, Aging process, is prepared into qualified white clouds pottery mud item, and standby molding is used;
(4) white clouds prepared are made pottery into mud item through overmolding, glazing, oxidizing atmosphere firing, it is white obtains low-cost high-strength Cloud Tao Chengpin, wherein the maximum sintering temperature in sintering process is 1020 DEG C, and soaking time is 15 minutes, and being burnt into total used time is 7 Hour.The firing temperature of the sintering process controls specifically: at the uniform velocity it is warming up to 300 DEG C from room temperature in 110min, then It is at the uniform velocity warming up to 600 DEG C in 85min, 900 DEG C are then at the uniform velocity warming up in 115min, is then at the uniform velocity warming up in 95min Then maximum sintering temperature keeps the temperature 15min in maximum sintering temperature.
Embodiment two:
In the present embodiment, the base-material includes the following raw material by weight percentage: eluriating mud 30wt%, smolmitza 15wt%, pyrophillite 6wt%, hypothermia grait 13wt%, lithium porcelain stone 5wt%, dolomite 7wt%, black talc 6wt%, lime stone 7wt%, diopside 10wt%, Yongchun slightly soil 1wt%.The additive is organic silicon nano liquid, the weight hundred of opposite base-material Divide than being 2%.
The preparation method of the low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body of the present embodiment, comprises the following specific steps that:
(1) inferior raw material is subjected to rolling, elutriation, sieving, removes iron, be prepared into elutriation mud;
(2) step (1) elutriation mud obtained is scored respectively with other raw materials in the base-material by weight percentage Grinding machine is milled to mixture particle and crosses 200-250 mesh, and it is spare to go out mud afterwards;
(3) mud that step (2) is prepared into is mixed with additive according to weight percent, by dehydration, vacuum pugging, Aging process, is prepared into qualified white clouds pottery mud item, and standby molding is used;
(4) white clouds prepared are made pottery into mud item through overmolding, glazing, oxidizing atmosphere firing, it is white obtains low-cost high-strength Cloud Tao Chengpin, wherein the maximum sintering temperature in sintering process is 1030 DEG C, and soaking time is 12 minutes, and being burnt into total used time is 6.5 hour.The firing temperature of the sintering process controls specifically: at the uniform velocity it is warming up to 300 DEG C from room temperature in 110min, then It is at the uniform velocity warming up to 600 DEG C in 80min, 900 DEG C are then at the uniform velocity warming up in 100min, is then at the uniform velocity warming up in 88min Then maximum sintering temperature keeps the temperature 12min in maximum sintering temperature.
Embodiment three:
In the present embodiment, the base-material includes the following raw material by weight percentage: eluriating mud 32wt%, smolmitza 15wt%, bentonite 1wt%, pyrophillite 5wt%, hypothermia grait 13wt%, lithium porcelain stone 5wt%, dolomite 10wt%, black talc 7wt%, lime stone 7wt%, diopside 8wt%;The additive is 1% with respect to the weight percent of base-material.The additive For organic silicon nano liquid, the weight percent of opposite base-material is 1%.
The preparation method of the low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body of the present embodiment, comprises the following specific steps that:
(1) inferior raw material is subjected to rolling, elutriation, sieving, removes iron, be prepared into elutriation mud;
(2) step (1) elutriation mud obtained is scored respectively with other raw materials in the base-material by weight percentage Grinding machine is milled to mixture particle and crosses 200-250 mesh, and it is spare to go out mud afterwards;
(3) mud that step (2) is prepared into is mixed with additive according to weight percent, by dehydration, vacuum pugging, Aging process, is prepared into qualified white clouds pottery mud item, and standby molding is used;
(4) white clouds prepared are made pottery into mud item through overmolding, glazing, oxidizing atmosphere firing, it is white obtains low-cost high-strength Cloud Tao Chengpin, wherein the maximum sintering temperature in sintering process is 1020 DEG C, and soaking time is 14 minutes, and being burnt into total used time is 7 Hour.The firing temperature of the sintering process controls specifically: at the uniform velocity it is warming up to 300 DEG C from room temperature in 108min, then It is at the uniform velocity warming up to 600 DEG C in 83min, 900 DEG C are then at the uniform velocity warming up in 120min, is then at the uniform velocity warming up in 95min Then maximum sintering temperature keeps the temperature 14min in maximum sintering temperature.
Example IV:
In the present embodiment, the base-material includes the following raw material by weight percentage: eluriating mud 28wt%, smolmitza 13wt%, bentonite 0.5wt%, pyrophillite 5.5wt%, hypothermia grait 15wt%, lithium porcelain stone 5wt%, dolomite 6wt%, black cunning Stone 9wt%, lime stone 9wt%, diopside 8wt%, useless porcelain powder 1wt%;The additive is with respect to the weight percent of base-material 1%.The additive is organic silicon nano liquid, and the weight percent of opposite base-material is 3%.
The preparation method of the low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body of the present embodiment, comprises the following specific steps that:
(1) inferior raw material is subjected to rolling, elutriation, sieving, removes iron, be prepared into elutriation mud;
(2) step (1) elutriation mud obtained is scored respectively with other raw materials in the base-material by weight percentage Grinding machine is milled to mixture particle and crosses 200-250 mesh, and it is spare to go out mud afterwards;
(3) mud that step (2) is prepared into is mixed with additive according to weight percent, by dehydration, vacuum pugging, Aging process, is prepared into qualified white clouds pottery mud item, and standby molding is used;
(4) white clouds prepared are made pottery into mud item through overmolding, glazing, oxidizing atmosphere firing, it is white obtains low-cost high-strength Cloud Tao Chengpin, wherein the maximum sintering temperature in sintering process is 1040 DEG C, and soaking time is 10 minutes, and being burnt into total used time is 6 Hour.The firing temperature of the sintering process controls specifically: at the uniform velocity it is warming up to 300 DEG C from room temperature in 90min, then It is at the uniform velocity warming up to 600 DEG C in 75min, 900 DEG C are then at the uniform velocity warming up in 100min, is then at the uniform velocity warming up in 85min Then maximum sintering temperature keeps the temperature 10min in maximum sintering temperature.
Embodiment five:
In the present embodiment, the base-material includes the following raw material by weight percentage: eluriating mud 29wt%, smolmitza 14wt%, pyrophillite 5wt%, hypothermia grait 18wt%, lithium porcelain stone 4wt%, dolomite 6wt%, black talc 8wt%, lime stone 7wt%, diopside 9wt%;The additive is 1% with respect to the weight percent of base-material.The additive is organic silicon nano Liquid, the weight percent of opposite base-material are 1~3%.
The preparation method of the low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body of the present embodiment, comprises the following specific steps that:
(1) inferior raw material is subjected to rolling, elutriation, sieving, removes iron, be prepared into elutriation mud;
(2) step (1) elutriation mud obtained is scored respectively with other raw materials in the base-material by weight percentage Grinding machine is milled to mixture particle and crosses 200-250 mesh, and it is spare to go out mud afterwards;
(3) mud that step (2) is prepared into is mixed with additive according to weight percent, by dehydration, vacuum pugging, Aging process, is prepared into qualified white clouds pottery mud item, and standby molding is used;
(4) white clouds prepared are made pottery into mud item through overmolding, glazing, oxidizing atmosphere firing, it is white obtains low-cost high-strength Cloud Tao Chengpin, wherein the maximum sintering temperature in sintering process is 1030 DEG C, and soaking time is 10 minutes, and being burnt into total used time is 7 Hour.The firing temperature of the sintering process controls specifically: at the uniform velocity it is warming up to 300 DEG C from room temperature in 110min, then It is at the uniform velocity warming up to 600 DEG C in 85min, 900 DEG C are then at the uniform velocity warming up in 120min, is then at the uniform velocity warming up in 95min Then maximum sintering temperature keeps the temperature 10min in maximum sintering temperature.
Embodiment six:
In the present embodiment, the base-material includes the following raw material by weight percentage: eluriating mud 31wt%, smolmitza 12wt%, bentonite 1wt%, pyrophillite 6wt%, hypothermia grait 12wt%, lithium porcelain stone 6wt%, dolomite 12wt%, black talc 6wt%, lime stone 8wt%, diopside 8wt%;The additive is 1% with respect to the weight percent of base-material.The additive For organic silicon nano liquid, the weight percent of opposite base-material is 1~3%.
The preparation method of the low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body of the present embodiment, comprises the following specific steps that:
(1) inferior raw material is subjected to rolling, elutriation, sieving, removes iron, be prepared into elutriation mud;
(2) step (1) elutriation mud obtained is scored respectively with other raw materials in the base-material by weight percentage Grinding machine is milled to mixture particle and crosses 200-250 mesh, and it is spare to go out mud afterwards;
(3) mud that step (2) is prepared into is mixed with additive according to weight percent, by dehydration, vacuum pugging, Aging process, is prepared into qualified white clouds pottery mud item, and standby molding is used;
(4) white clouds prepared are made pottery into mud item through overmolding, glazing, oxidizing atmosphere firing, it is white obtains low-cost high-strength Cloud Tao Chengpin, wherein the maximum sintering temperature in sintering process is 1020 DEG C, and soaking time is 15 minutes, and being burnt into total used time is 6 Hour.The firing temperature of the sintering process controls specifically: at the uniform velocity it is warming up to 300 DEG C from room temperature in 90min, then It is at the uniform velocity warming up to 600 DEG C in 70min, 900 DEG C are then at the uniform velocity warming up in 100min, is then at the uniform velocity warming up in 85min Then maximum sintering temperature keeps the temperature 15min in maximum sintering temperature.
Low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body made from above-mentioned six specific embodiments is detected its performance indicator such as respectively Shown in following table.
Table one: the performance indicator of low-cost and high-performance white clouds of embodiment of the present invention pottery product
The basic principles and main features and advantages of the present invention of the invention have been shown and described above, the industry For technical staff it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, what is described in the above embodiment and the description is only say Bright the principle of the present invention, under the premise of not departing from the inventive spirit of the present invention and range, the present invention also has various change and changes Into these changes and improvements all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention, and the claimed scope of the invention is by appended right Claim and its equivalent thereof.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body, which is characterized in that the green body is melted by base-material and additive in multiple elements design It is fired in agent system, wherein the multiple elements design flux system is K2O-Na2O-Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2Eutectic system And CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2Eutectic system, the additive are organic silicon nano liquid, and the base-material wraps by weight percentage Include the following raw material: eluriate 25~35wt% of mud, 10~15wt% of smolmitza, 0~1wt% of bentonite, 5~6wt% of pyrophillite, 12~25wt% of hypothermia grait, 3~8wt% of lithium porcelain stone, 5~12wt% of dolomite, 6~12wt% of black talc, lime stone 6~ 10wt%, 8~15wt% of diopside, Yongchun 0~5wt% of thick soil, useless 0~5wt% of porcelain powder;Green body water absorption rate obtained 18%~ 22%, flexural strength is 46MPa~52MPa, and whiteness is 68%~71%, and 160 DEG C~20 DEG C chillings are not split.
2. low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the additive is with respect to base-material Weight percent be 1~3%.
3. low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body according to claim 1, which is characterized in that base-material percentage by weight Than including the following raw material: eluriating mud 30wt%, smolmitza 15wt%, pyrophillite 6wt%, hypothermia grait 13wt%, lithium porcelain stone 5wt%, dolomite 7wt%, black talc 6wt%, lime stone 7wt%, diopside 10wt%, Yongchun slightly soil 1wt%;The addition Agent is 2% with respect to the weight percent of base-material.
4. low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body according to claim 1, which is characterized in that base-material percentage by weight Than including the following raw material: eluriating mud 29wt%, smolmitza 14wt%, pyrophillite 5wt%, hypothermia grait 18wt%, lithium porcelain stone 4wt%, dolomite 6wt%, black talc 8wt%, lime stone 7wt%, diopside 9wt%;Weight of the additive with respect to base-material Measuring percentage is 1%.
5. low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body according to claim 1, which is characterized in that base-material percentage by weight Than including the following raw material: eluriating mud 28wt%, smolmitza 12wt%, bentonite 1wt%, pyrophillite 5wt%, hypothermia grait 12wt%, lithium porcelain stone 4wt%, dolomite 10wt%, black talc 6wt%, lime stone 8wt%, diopside 9wt%, Yongchun are slightly native 2wt%, useless porcelain powder 3wt%;The additive is 1% with respect to the weight percent of base-material.
6. a kind of preparation method of such as low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body described in any one of claim 1 to 5, feature exist In comprising the following specific steps that:
(1) inferior raw material is subjected to rolling, elutriation, sieving, removes iron, be prepared into elutriation mud;
(2) the obtained other raw materials eluriated in mud and the base-material of step (1) are scored grinding machine respectively by weight percentage It is milled to mixture particle and crosses 200-250 mesh, it is spare to go out mud afterwards;
(3) mud that step (2) is prepared into is mixed with additive according to weight percent, by dehydration, vacuum pugging, aging Process is prepared into qualified white clouds pottery mud item, spare;
(4) white clouds prepared are made pottery into mud item through overmolding, glazing, oxidizing atmosphere firing, obtains low-cost high-strength white clouds pottery Finished product, wherein the maximum sintering temperature in the sintering process is 1020 DEG C~1040 DEG C, soaking time is 10 minutes~15 points Clock, being burnt into total used time is 6 hours~7 hours.
7. the preparation method of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the firing The firing temperature of process controls specifically: be at the uniform velocity warming up to 300 DEG C from room temperature in 90min~110min, then 70min~ At the uniform velocity be warming up to 600 DEG C in 85min, 900 DEG C be then at the uniform velocity warming up in 100min~120min, then 85min~ It is at the uniform velocity warming up to maximum sintering temperature in 95min, then keeps the temperature 10min~15min in maximum sintering temperature.
CN201610277068.3A 2016-04-30 2016-04-30 A kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body and preparation method thereof Active CN105948709B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610277068.3A CN105948709B (en) 2016-04-30 2016-04-30 A kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811614349.9A CN109678461A (en) 2016-04-30 2016-04-30 A kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body and preparation method thereof
CN201610277068.3A CN105948709B (en) 2016-04-30 2016-04-30 A kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body and preparation method thereof

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811614349.9A Division CN109678461A (en) 2016-04-30 2016-04-30 A kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body and preparation method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105948709A CN105948709A (en) 2016-09-21
CN105948709B true CN105948709B (en) 2019-03-12

Family

ID=56916436

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610277068.3A Active CN105948709B (en) 2016-04-30 2016-04-30 A kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body and preparation method thereof
CN201811614349.9A Pending CN109678461A (en) 2016-04-30 2016-04-30 A kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body and preparation method thereof

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811614349.9A Pending CN109678461A (en) 2016-04-30 2016-04-30 A kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body and preparation method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (2) CN105948709B (en)

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107892553A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-04-10 广西壮族自治区黎塘工业瓷厂 A kind of low deformation ceramic blank of material
CN107721376A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-02-23 广西壮族自治区黎塘工业瓷厂 A kind of high-strength ceramic blank of material and preparation method thereof
CN108751962B (en) * 2018-06-27 2020-09-11 福建省德化县陶缘茗陶瓷文化有限公司 Mutton tallow jade porcelain pot capable of rotating in air and preparation method thereof
CN109231961A (en) * 2018-10-17 2019-01-18 吴镇秋 A kind of resistance to deformation is rapidly fired to fine earthenware blank and its preparation and application method
CN109761632A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-05-17 苏州天红陨星文化传播有限公司 It is used to prepare ceramics, the preparation method and its usage of aerolite activated water
CN110483014A (en) * 2019-09-10 2019-11-22 福建省德化县现代陶瓷有限公司 Easy fired environmental protection blank, enviroment protective ceramic green body and preparation method thereof

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1754859A (en) * 2005-06-27 2006-04-05 陈瑶武 Low temperature semi-porcelain and its preparation method
CN101891450A (en) * 2010-06-01 2010-11-24 景德镇陶瓷学院 Degradable environmentally-friendly ceramic product and method for producing same
CN102173744A (en) * 2011-02-28 2011-09-07 吴龙华 Ceramic dry-pressed product and preparation method thereof
CN104230309A (en) * 2014-09-17 2014-12-24 福建省德化环宇陶瓷有限公司 Formula for firing light ceramic once and production method of light ceramic

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101323520B (en) * 2008-03-27 2012-10-24 熊禄生 Heat resisting red porcelain chinaware
CN101337806A (en) * 2008-08-08 2009-01-07 饶国良 Spodumene-matrix heat resisting ceramic materials
CN101386521B (en) * 2008-10-21 2012-07-25 武汉理工大学 Method for preparing environment friendly ceramic gaged brick by Yellow River sediment
CN101412620A (en) * 2008-11-14 2009-04-22 西安交通大学 Method for preparing porous alumina ceramic supporting body with sol as additive
CN101979359B (en) * 2010-09-20 2013-02-13 景德镇陶瓷学院 Ultra-low temperature sintered ceramic tiles and preparation method thereof
CN103964860B (en) * 2014-05-05 2015-09-09 哈尔滨工业大学 A kind of take Nano silica sol as the preparation method of the boron nitride-base wave-penetrating composite material of sintering aid hot pressing

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1754859A (en) * 2005-06-27 2006-04-05 陈瑶武 Low temperature semi-porcelain and its preparation method
CN101891450A (en) * 2010-06-01 2010-11-24 景德镇陶瓷学院 Degradable environmentally-friendly ceramic product and method for producing same
CN102173744A (en) * 2011-02-28 2011-09-07 吴龙华 Ceramic dry-pressed product and preparation method thereof
CN104230309A (en) * 2014-09-17 2014-12-24 福建省德化环宇陶瓷有限公司 Formula for firing light ceramic once and production method of light ceramic

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105948709A (en) 2016-09-21
CN109678461A (en) 2019-04-26

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105948709B (en) A kind of low-cost high-strength white clouds greenwave body and preparation method thereof
CN105753448B (en) Low deformation glazed tile green body of a kind of ultralow temperature and preparation method thereof
CN102731066B (en) Porcelain with Junyu glaze and manufacturing method thereof
CN105801177B (en) Light-weight environment-friendly imitates rock glaze ceramics and preparation process
CN105693200B (en) A kind of Jing Dezhen shadow is blue or green to strengthen porcelain and preparation method thereof
CN102924049B (en) Raw material for low-temperature firing of Longquan celadon and firing method
CN104003758B (en) The glaze of purple sand tea set and glazing technology
CN103951380A (en) High-whiteness high-transparency reinforced porcelain and its preparation method
CN102795839B (en) Method for manufacturing red clay flambe-glazed pottery product
CN105502944B (en) A kind of light yellow glaze glaze and prepare the technique of porcelain using it
CN106966598A (en) A kind of low temperature high-hardness, wearable throws glaze and preparation method thereof entirely
CN105731799A (en) Copper red reduction transmutation glaze, copper red reduction transmutation glaze ceramic product and preparation method thereof
CN101913843B (en) Preparation method of emerald ceramic
CN103626473A (en) Environment-friendly high-white eggshell blank ceramic and preparation method thereof
CN103214234A (en) Marine bio-ceramic and preparation method thereof
CN108689691A (en) A kind of health antibacterial Nixing pottery product and its processing method
CN102924047A (en) Pre-sintered porcelain body
CN110642596A (en) Food-grade high-safety golden-grain-piece glaze ceramic container and preparation method thereof
CN102794950A (en) Once-fired color microcrystal brick and production process thereof
CN108751946A (en) A kind of antibacterial heat preservation Nixing pottery teacup and its processing method
CN104844000A (en) Transmutation glaze suitable for ceramic tile production and transmutation glaze ceramic tile
CN104446366A (en) High-grade ceramic tableware and preparation method thereof
CN108530026A (en) A kind of heat-insulated Nixing pottery product of health and its preparation process
CN108751936A (en) A kind of antibacterial Nixing pottery and its preparation process
CN108840568B (en) Light heat-insulating ceramic decorative plate and preparation method thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant