CN105941730A - Organic moth preventing method for Kunlun coreopsis tinctoria - Google Patents

Organic moth preventing method for Kunlun coreopsis tinctoria Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105941730A
CN105941730A CN201510402405.2A CN201510402405A CN105941730A CN 105941730 A CN105941730 A CN 105941730A CN 201510402405 A CN201510402405 A CN 201510402405A CN 105941730 A CN105941730 A CN 105941730A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
coreopsis tinctoria
time
kunlun
dried
moth
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CN201510402405.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘建平
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乌鲁木齐大漠青歌特色农业开发有限公司
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Priority to CN201510402405.2A priority Critical patent/CN105941730A/en
Publication of CN105941730A publication Critical patent/CN105941730A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an organic moth preventing method for Kunlun coreopsis tinctoria. The method includes the steps of: 1) when the Kunlun coreopsis tinctoria blooms, instantly picking the Kunlun coreopsis tinctoria and drying the Kunlun coreopsis tinctoria at the same, or drying the Kunlun coreopsis tinctoria within 6 h after picking by means of a hot air convection drying method; 2) after the Kunlun coreopsis tinctoria is dried, instantly packaging the Kunlun coreopsis tinctoria in a vacuum bag, and vacuumizing the bag and storing the Kunlun coreopsis tinctoria; 3) before storage, freezing the vacuumized Kunlun coreopsis tinctoria in a refrigerator, and then storing the Kunlun coreopsis tinctoria in a store and disinfecting the store. The method can achieve 99.5% in moth prevention rate and 99% in excellent rate. The method reduces the moth damage as most as possible, effectively improves the product quality of the Kunlun coreopsis tinctoria during production, processing and use.

Description

A kind of organic coreopsis tinctoria favorable moth-proof method

Technical field

The present invention relates to avenge chrysanthemum field, a kind of organic coreopsis tinctoria favorable moth-proof method.

Background technology

Snow chrysanthemum formal name used at school Herba Coreopsis tinctoria, for annual vegetation, is the distinctive a kind of Herb Tea in Xinjiang.Snow chrysanthemum is divided into High aititude snow chrysanthemum peace Former snow chrysanthemum, grow on the Kun Lun Mountain of height above sea level more than 2000 meters is High aititude coreopsis tinctoria, due to growing environment relatively of low pollution, Rich in multiple to human body beneficiating ingredient, therefore the most gradually come as a kind of tea-drinking is universal.Coreopsis tinctoria is separated to be identified More than 20 classes, more than 300 kind of natural component, wherein comprise 30 kinds of letones, the mineral element of more than 30 kind of needed by human, also have Abundant organic acid, vitamin, lignan, enzyme, polysaccharide etc. have bioactive natural component.Wherein, total flavones contains Amount reaches 12%, considerably beyond other various chrysanthemum classes.Effect of flavone is many, and it is the strongest a kind of antioxidant, Can effective oxygen-derived free radicals in purged body, this antioxidation can stop the degeneration of cell, aging, it is possible to stops sending out of cancer Raw.

Coreopsis tinctoria pure natural, pollution-free in the environment of grow.It is easy to by snout moth in growth, results and storage life The crambid moth ovum of section and larva pollute and gnaw, easily amount reproduction in pistil, cause the biggest irreversible loss.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of insect protected rate 99.5%, avenge organic coreopsis tinctoria favorable moth-proof that Flos Chrysanthemi quality is protected Method, with the problem solving to propose in above-mentioned background technology.

For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:

A kind of organic coreopsis tinctoria favorable moth-proof method, comprises the steps of:

(1) pluck the most rapidly: coreopsis tinctoria is plucked when the flowers are in blossom immediately, prevents snout moth from laying eggs;

(2) being dried in time: the coreopsis tinctoria flower that will adopt, Bian Caibian is dried or completes to be dried in after harvesting six hours; Being dried and use hot air convective drying method, the temperature in hothouse is maintained between room temperature 35-40 DEG C, and drying time is 20-24h, The coreopsis tinctoria making every 100g be dried spends middle water tariff collection at≤0.3g;

(3) preservation is put immediately in storage: coreopsis tinctoria spends dried loading immediately in vacuum bag, and evacuation preserves;Vacuum machine is taken out very The empty time is 13-15s, and cool time is 9-11s, and sealing time is 4-6s;

(4) before warehouse-in, will exhaust the coreopsis tinctoria flower of vacuum, carry out freezing in being placed on household freezer, after freezing, warehouse-in is protected Deposit, and storehouse is carried out disinfection;Wherein cryogenic temperature is-20~-18 DEG C, and cooling time is 46-50h.

As the further scheme of the present invention: in step (three), the vacuum machine pumpdown time is 14s, and cool time is 10s, envelope The mouth time is 5s.

As the further scheme of the present invention: in step (four), cooling time is 48h.

As the further scheme of the present invention: the process before coreopsis tinctoria flower warehouse-in processed storehouse in step (four) is:

1) storehouse carries out sealing in early stage: the place sealing strip that door and window first can enter snout moth seals, and window blocks, it is to avoid Sunlight is injected;

2) storehouse is carried out parasite killing: parasite killing job demand is carried out for 20 days in advance, on the premise of sealed doors and windows, use 0.35% Tetramethrin and 0.17% Permethrin carry out every nook and cranny spray once, shut door and window after having sprayed;

3) after 24 hours, then carrying out secondary sprinkling, after sprinkling, door window is not placed 20 days.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:

The present invention through years of researches and test repeatedly, sum up a set of can effectively control its breeding, growth and it is thorough The solution that the end eliminates, makes pest injurious loss be preferably minimized, and is effectively increased coreopsis tinctoria in production, processing and validity period Between product quality and quality.The present invention can reach insect protected rate 99.5%, avenges Flos Chrysanthemi acceptance rate 99%, and quality obtains completely Arrive guarantee.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that Described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, The every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under not making creative work premise, broadly falls into the present invention The scope of protection.

Embodiment 1

In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of organic coreopsis tinctoria favorable moth-proof method, comprise the steps of:

(1) pluck the most rapidly: plucking immediately when the flowers are in blossom, the very first time prevents snout moth from laying eggs, stop as far as possible to pollute.

(2) being dried in time: the flower adopted, in the case of conditions permit, Bian Caibian is dried, if the unallowed feelings of condition Under condition, complete to be dried in six hours after harvesting.Being dried and use hot air convective drying method, the temperature in hothouse is maintained at often Temperature 35, the time is 24h, and in the snow chrysanthemum that every 100g is dried, water tariff collection is at >=0.3g.(can be broken when holding colored)

(3) preservation is put immediately in storage.Spend dried loading immediately in vacuum bag, must preserve by evacuation.Vacuum machine evacuation Time is 13s, and cool time is 9s, and sealing time is 4s, to guarantee that flower pattern is complete, it is ensured that quality, can't be contaminated.

(4) before warehouse-in, will exhaust the coreopsis tinctoria of vacuum, carry out freezing in being placed on household freezer, temperature to be maintained at -20~DEG C, cooling time is 46h.

Embodiment 2

In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of organic coreopsis tinctoria favorable moth-proof method, comprise the steps of:

(1) pluck the most rapidly: plucking immediately when the flowers are in blossom, the very first time prevents snout moth from laying eggs, stop as far as possible to pollute.

(2) being dried in time: the flower adopted, in the case of conditions permit, Bian Caibian is dried, if the unallowed feelings of condition Under condition, complete to be dried in six hours after harvesting.Being dried and use hot air convective drying method, the temperature in hothouse is maintained at often Temperature 40 DEG C, the time is 20h, and in the snow chrysanthemum that every 100g is dried, water tariff collection is at >=0.3g.(can be broken when holding colored)

(3) preservation is put immediately in storage.Spend dried loading immediately in vacuum bag, must preserve by evacuation.Vacuum machine evacuation Time is 15s, and cool time is 11s, and sealing time is 6s, to guarantee that flower pattern is complete, it is ensured that quality, can't be contaminated.

(4) before warehouse-in, will exhaust the coreopsis tinctoria of vacuum, carry out freezing in being placed on household freezer, temperature to be maintained at-18 DEG C, Cooling time is 50h.

Embodiment 3

In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of organic coreopsis tinctoria favorable moth-proof method, comprise the steps of:

(1) pluck the most rapidly: plucking immediately when the flowers are in blossom, the very first time prevents snout moth from laying eggs, stop as far as possible to pollute.

(2) being dried in time: the flower adopted, in the case of conditions permit, Bian Caibian is dried, if the unallowed feelings of condition Under condition, complete to be dried in six hours after harvesting.Being dried and use hot air convective drying method, the temperature in hothouse is maintained at often Temperature 38 DEG C, the time is 22h, and in the snow chrysanthemum that every 100g is dried, water tariff collection is at >=0.3g.(can be broken when holding colored)

(3) preservation is put immediately in storage.Spend dried loading immediately in vacuum bag, must preserve by evacuation.Vacuum machine evacuation Time is 14s, and cool time is 10s, and sealing time is 5s, to guarantee that flower pattern is complete, it is ensured that quality, can't be contaminated.

(4) before warehouse-in, will exhaust the coreopsis tinctoria of vacuum, carry out freezing in being placed on household freezer, temperature to be maintained at-19 DEG C, Cooling time is 48h.

Warehouse-in points for attention

1. storehouse must carry out sealing in early stage.Seal operation is critically important, and the place sealing strip that door and window first likely enters snout moth seals Live, in case climbing into.Window to block, it is to avoid sunlight is injected.

2. storehouse is carried out parasite killing.Parasite killing job demand is carried out for 20 days in advance, on the premise of sealed doors and windows, uses 0.35% Tetramethrin and 0.17% Permethrin carry out every nook and cranny spray once, shut door and window after having sprayed.

After 3.24 hours, then carrying out secondary sprinkling, it is the most conscientious to be applied to, every nook and cranny not drain spray.Last not door window is put Putting 20 days, snow just can be put in storage by chrysanthemum.

The most finally storehouse is carried out disinfection, to ensure quality and the quality of snow chrysanthemum.

It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and without departing substantially from In the case of the spirit or essential attributes of the present invention, it is possible to realize the present invention in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter from which From the point of view of Dian, all should regard embodiment as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by claims Rather than described above limits, it is intended that all changes fallen in the implication of equivalency and scope of claim are included In the present invention.

Although moreover, it will be appreciated that this specification is been described by according to embodiment, but the most each embodiment only comprises one Individual independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of description is only that for clarity sake those skilled in the art should will illustrate Book is as an entirety, and the technical scheme in each embodiment can also be through appropriately combined, and formation it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that Other embodiments.

Claims (4)

1. an organic coreopsis tinctoria favorable moth-proof method, it is characterised in that comprise the steps of:
(1) pluck the most rapidly: coreopsis tinctoria is plucked when the flowers are in blossom immediately, prevents snout moth from laying eggs;
(2) being dried in time: the coreopsis tinctoria flower that will adopt, Bian Caibian is dried or completes to be dried in after harvesting six hours; Being dried and use hot air convective drying method, the temperature in hothouse is maintained between room temperature 35-40 DEG C, and drying time is 20-24h, The coreopsis tinctoria making every 100g be dried spends middle water tariff collection at≤0.3g;
(3) preservation is put immediately in storage: coreopsis tinctoria spends dried loading immediately in vacuum bag, and evacuation preserves;Vacuum machine is taken out very The empty time is 13-15s, and cool time is 9-11s, and sealing time is 4-6s;
(4) before warehouse-in, will exhaust the coreopsis tinctoria flower of vacuum, carry out freezing in being placed on household freezer, after freezing, warehouse-in is protected Deposit, and storehouse is carried out disinfection;Wherein cryogenic temperature is-20~-18 DEG C, and cooling time is 46-50h.
Organic coreopsis tinctoria favorable moth-proof method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that vacuum machine in step (three) Pumpdown time is 14s, and cool time is 10s, and sealing time is 5s.
Organic coreopsis tinctoria favorable moth-proof method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that time freezing in step (four) Between be 48h.
Organic coreopsis tinctoria favorable moth-proof method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the Kunlun snow in step (four) The process before Flos Chrysanthemi warehouse-in processed storehouse is:
1) storehouse carries out sealing in early stage: the place sealing strip that door and window first can enter snout moth seals, and window blocks, it is to avoid Sunlight is injected;
2) storehouse is carried out parasite killing: parasite killing job demand is carried out for 20 days in advance, on the premise of sealed doors and windows, use 0.35% Tetramethrin and 0.17% Permethrin carry out every nook and cranny spray once, shut door and window after having sprayed;
3) after 24 hours, then carrying out secondary sprinkling, after sprinkling, door window is not placed 20 days.
CN201510402405.2A 2015-07-10 2015-07-10 Organic moth preventing method for Kunlun coreopsis tinctoria CN105941730A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1565281A (en) * 2003-06-12 2005-01-19 宋述孝 Fresh-keeping wild pagodatree flower production method using vacuum freezing-dry technology
CN1565213A (en) * 2003-06-12 2005-01-19 宋述孝 Chinese mugwort leaf tea production method using vacuum freeze-drying technology
CN101044879A (en) * 2007-04-29 2007-10-03 叶建国 Method for producing tea of loquat flower petals
CN103948143A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-07-30 湄潭县京贵茶树花产业发展有限公司 Processing technique of dry tea flowers
CN104256214A (en) * 2014-07-29 2015-01-07 吕焱 Preparation method of pure natural dried osmanthus and product thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1565281A (en) * 2003-06-12 2005-01-19 宋述孝 Fresh-keeping wild pagodatree flower production method using vacuum freezing-dry technology
CN1565213A (en) * 2003-06-12 2005-01-19 宋述孝 Chinese mugwort leaf tea production method using vacuum freeze-drying technology
CN101044879A (en) * 2007-04-29 2007-10-03 叶建国 Method for producing tea of loquat flower petals
CN103948143A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-07-30 湄潭县京贵茶树花产业发展有限公司 Processing technique of dry tea flowers
CN104256214A (en) * 2014-07-29 2015-01-07 吕焱 Preparation method of pure natural dried osmanthus and product thereof

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
徐怀德: "《花卉食品》", 31 July 2000, 中国轻工业出版社 *

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