CN105921430A - Photovoltaic panel surface dust collection device suitable for multiple forms of supports - Google Patents

Photovoltaic panel surface dust collection device suitable for multiple forms of supports Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105921430A
CN105921430A CN201610431646.4A CN201610431646A CN105921430A CN 105921430 A CN105921430 A CN 105921430A CN 201610431646 A CN201610431646 A CN 201610431646A CN 105921430 A CN105921430 A CN 105921430A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
steel wire
wire rope
photovoltaic panel
support
strip brush
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610431646.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李强
蔡福海
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GAOYOU INSTITUTE OF DALIAN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
GAOYOU INSTITUTE OF DALIAN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GAOYOU INSTITUTE OF DALIAN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical GAOYOU INSTITUTE OF DALIAN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610431646.4A priority Critical patent/CN105921430A/en
Publication of CN105921430A publication Critical patent/CN105921430A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • B08B1/12
    • B08B1/30
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention relates to a dust collection device, in particular to a photovoltaic panel surface dust collection device suitable for multiple forms of supports. The device comprises a long-strip brush mechanism crossing over the surface of a photovoltaic panel, and the long-strip brush mechanism is connected with a steel wire rope closed loop and comprises a long-strip brush rod and a steel wire rope pull rod, wherein the length of the long-strip brush rod is larger than the width of the photovoltaic panel. The steel wire rope closed loop comprises an extension rod, a tension pulley block and a turning pulley block, and each pulley block comprises a steel wire rope drive wheel. The photovoltaic panel surface dust collection device is easy to achieve, low in cost, small in power consumption, long in service life and suitable for multiple forms of supports and does not affect light ray receiving, and the dust collection span can be larger than 20 m.

Description

It is applicable to the photovoltaic panel surface dust cleaning apparatus of various ways support
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of dust arrester, be especially adapted for use in the photovoltaic panel surface dust of various ways support Device.
Background technology
Because the current available energy of the earth is fewer and feweri, and solar energy is an inexhaustible energy Source, solar energy is as cleaning, free of contamination new forms of energy, in recent years to be paid close attention to widely by the whole world and to use, Particularly photovoltaic generation.
But solar energy photovoltaic panel expose in an atmosphere can dust stratification dirt, greyness, and make solar energy conversion efficiency drop Low 20%-40%, birds droppings, the thing local complexity photovoltaic panel that descends slowly and lightly can cause hot spot fuel factor to damage photovoltaic panel. NASA and Boston University are with performing the automatically cleaning technical research of Mars Mission exploitation for photovoltaic Plate dedusting, is likely to be due to Cost Problems, the most non-commercialization.
Chinese patent 200710172457.0 disclosed " a kind of automatic dust-collecting equipment of solar cell panel " is vapour Car wiper principle, dedusting action span is little, and moment of torsion is big and makes power consumption big;Use " spilling water the most both at home and abroad Douche ", titanium dioxide " glass with clean ", " photocatalyst ", " novel glass anticorrosive paint ", " people that make Work cleans " etc., above method realizes that difficulty is big, affect light receiver effect, power consumption is big, service life is low Etc. problem.Solar energy industry is the most highly desirable have a kind of with low cost, efficiency is high, power consumption is little, the life-span is long The dust arrester to photovoltaic panel surface cleaning.
Summary of the invention
Photovoltaic panel and heliostat surface dust technology for making solar electrical energy generation have a breakthrough, the mesh of the present invention Be to provide one be easily achieved, do not affect that light receiver effect, power consumption be little, life-span length, dedusting action across Degree is big, can be suitably used for the photovoltaic panel surface dust cleaning apparatus of multiple large-scale form support.
The present invention be the technical scheme is that the photovoltaic being applicable to various ways support for achieving the above object Plate surface dust cleaning apparatus, is characterized in that: include being across the strip brush mechanism on photovoltaic panel surface, long bar brush machine Structure connecting steel wire ropes closed circuit;
Described strip brush mechanism includes the strip brush holder support being longer than photovoltaic panel width, accompanies brush below strip brush holder support Head, strip brush holder support be respectively arranged at two ends with the steel wire rope stayed pole being perpendicular to strip brush holder support, steel wire rope stayed pole Be equipped with can the connecting hole of connecting steel wire ropes at two ends;
Described steel wire rope closed circuit includes the extension rod being installed on photovoltaic panel support corner, and extension rod is provided with Tension pulley block group, direction down, photovoltaic panel support corner is provided with angle pulley group, steel wire rope and tension pulley block group Tighten connection, steel wire rope and at least one extension spring to concatenate, the both sides concatenation steel wire rope tractive of photovoltaic panel sunny slope Bar, steel wire rope stayed pole, the most parallel steel wire rope is and moves back and forth in the same direction, and steel wire rope is in photovoltaic panel It is that diagonal connects that opaco walks around angle pulley group, and each pulley includes the steel being wound around at least one circle steel wire rope Cord driving wheel.
Described steel wire rope driving wheel can be arranged separately in the optional position of photovoltaic panel support or follow the tracks of electricity with warp-wise Machine is coaxial.
The periphery of described tension pulley block group and angle pulley group is the centripetal groove structure in footpath.
Described steel wire rope driving wheel rotate take power mode include following any one:
A, dependence decelerator and the electric reducer rotationally reciprocating of motor integral;The motor of electric reducer is can Inverse direct current generator, the decelerator speed ratio of electric reducer is more than 1000, and the startup of electric reducer is by single-chip microcomputer Clock signal or the photosignal of sunrise/sunset or rain signal control;
B, become to join and insert the structure that can shake with an artificial crank is centrally disposed with described steel wire rope driving wheel;
C, become to join to insert and can follow the structure of rotation with an electronic driver is centrally disposed with described steel wire rope driving wheel;
D, with sunshine tracking driving decelerating electric machine as power, control transmission by electromagnetic clutch.
Described steel wire rope stayed pole is 10-30cm with the length of steel wire rope stayed pole.
Described brush is made of a soft.
Described flexible material includes the one in rubber slab, polyurethane vacuolar membrane, animal wool, staple fibre.
The present invention is easily achieved, does not affect light receiver effect, and power consumption is little, life-span length, clean dedusting amplitude with water 20m, reliable operation can be more than, adapt to the dedusting of large-sized photovoltaic component palette especially, make simple, low cost Honest and clean.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the strip brush mechanism structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation (upward view) of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the side view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the present invention dust arrester schematic diagram for large-scale fixing photovoltaic bracket.
Fig. 5 is that the present invention shows for the dust arrester that the sunshine tracking equipment of multiple arrangements is shared with its rotary reducer It is intended to.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described, but the present invention is not limited to specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1
The photovoltaic panel surface dust cleaning apparatus being applicable to various ways support as Figure 1-3, including being across The strip brush mechanism 2 on photovoltaic panel 1 surface, strip brush mechanism 2 connecting steel wire ropes closed circuit 13;
Described strip brush mechanism 2 includes the strip brush holder support 2.1 being longer than photovoltaic panel 1 width, strip brush holder support 2.1 Accompanying brush 2.4 below, brush 2.4 is made up of rubber slab, and being respectively arranged at two ends with of strip brush holder support 2.1 is vertical In steel wire rope stayed pole 2.2, the steel wire rope stayed pole 2.3 of strip brush holder support 2.1, steel wire rope stayed pole 2.2 and steel The length of cord stayed pole 2.3 is 10cm, steel wire rope stayed pole 2.2, the two ends of steel wire rope stayed pole 2.3 Being equipped with can the connecting hole of connecting steel wire ropes 3;
Described steel wire rope closed circuit 13 includes the extension rod 4.1 being installed on 4 four jiaos of photovoltaic panel support, extends Bar 4.1 is provided with tension pulley block group 5, and tension pulley block group 5 includes tension pulley block 5.1, tension pulley block 5.2, opens Tight pulley 5.3, tension pulley block 5.4,4 four jiaos of photovoltaic panel support direction down is provided with angle pulley group 10, becomes To pulley 10.1, angle pulley 10.2, angle pulley 10.3, angle pulley 10.4, tension pulley block group 5 He The periphery of angle pulley group 10 is the centripetal groove structure in footpath, and steel wire rope 3 is tightened with tension pulley block group 5 and is connected, Steel wire rope 3 and an extension spring 6 concatenate, both sides concatenation steel wire rope stayed pole 2.2, the steel of photovoltaic panel 1 sunny slope Cord stayed pole 2.3, the most parallel steel wire rope 3 is and moves back and forth in the same direction, and steel wire rope 3 is in photovoltaic panel 1 Opaco walk around angle pulley group 10 and connect in diagonal, each pulley includes the steel being wound around a circle steel wire rope Cord driving wheel;
Described steel wire rope driving wheel is arranged separately in the optional position of photovoltaic panel support 4, Steel rope drive round Dynamic take power mode and be: rely on decelerator and the electric reducer rotationally reciprocating of motor integral;Electronic subtract The motor of speed machine 8 is reversible dc motor, and the decelerator speed ratio of electric reducer 8 is 2000, electric speed reducing The startup of machine 8 is controlled by Singlechip clock signal;The present invention is shown in Fig. 4 for large-scale fixing photovoltaic bracket, electronic Reductor 8 is fixed on the anchor ear 12 of bracket upright post 11.
Embodiment 2
The photovoltaic panel surface dust cleaning apparatus Each part being applicable to various ways support described in the present embodiment The most in the same manner as in Example 1 with annexation, different technical parameters is:
1) steel wire rope stayed pole 2.2 is 15cm with the length of steel wire rope stayed pole 2.3;
2) steel wire rope 3 and 2 extension springs 6 concatenate;
3) 2 circle steel wire ropes it are wound around on steel wire rope driving wheel;
4) steel wire rope driving wheel is coaxial with warp-wise tracking motor;
5) brush 2.4 is made up of animal wool;
6) steel wire rope driving wheel rotates and takes power mode and be: be with sunshine tracking driving decelerating electric machine Power, controls transmission by electromagnetic clutch, and the present invention is for the sunshine tracking generating of multiple arrangements Equipment is shown in Fig. 5, is controlled, with dust arrester by electromagnetic clutch 7 with its electric reducer 8 Share.
Embodiment 3
The photovoltaic panel surface dust cleaning apparatus Each part being applicable to various ways support described in the present embodiment The most in the same manner as in Example 2 with annexation, different technical parameters is:
1) steel wire rope stayed pole 2.2 is 20cm with the length of steel wire rope stayed pole 2.3;
2) steel wire rope 3 and 3 extension springs 6 concatenate;
3) 3 circle steel wire ropes it are wound around on steel wire rope driving wheel;
4) steel wire rope driving wheel is arranged separately in the optional position of photovoltaic panel support 4;
5) brush 2.4 is made up of polyurethane vacuolar membrane;
6) steel wire rope driving wheel rotates and takes power mode and be: with an artificial crank and described Steel rope drive Take turns centrally disposed one-tenth and join the slotting structure that can shake.
Embodiment 4
The photovoltaic panel surface dust cleaning apparatus Each part being applicable to various ways support described in the present embodiment The most in the same manner as in Example 3 with annexation, different technical parameters is:
1) steel wire rope stayed pole 2.2 is 30cm with the length of steel wire rope stayed pole 2.3;
2) steel wire rope 3 and 4 extension springs 6 concatenate;
3) 4 circle steel wire ropes it are wound around on steel wire rope driving wheel;
4) steel wire rope driving wheel is arranged separately in the optional position of photovoltaic panel support 4;
5) brush 2.4 is made up of staple fibre;
6) steel wire rope driving wheel rotates and takes power mode and be: with an electronic driver and described Steel rope drive Take turns centrally disposed one-tenth and join the slotting structure that can follow rotation.
General principle and the principal character of the present invention have more than been shown and described, and those skilled in the art should Understanding the present invention to be not restricted to the described embodiments, what the above embodiments and specification described simply illustrates this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention has various change and changes Entering, these changes and improvements both fall within the scope of protection of present invention, claimed scope by Appending claims and equivalent define.

Claims (8)

1. it is applicable to the photovoltaic panel surface dust cleaning apparatus of various ways support, it is characterized in that: include horizontal stroke Across strip brush mechanism (2) on photovoltaic panel (1) surface, strip brush mechanism (2) connects steel wire Rope closed circuit (13);
Described strip brush mechanism (2) includes the strip brush holder support (2.1) being longer than photovoltaic panel (1) width, Accompanying brush (2.4) below strip brush holder support (2.1), the two ends of strip brush holder support (2.1) are divided It is not provided with and is perpendicular to the steel wire rope stayed pole (2.2) of strip brush holder support (2.1), steel wire rope stayed pole (2.3), steel wire rope stayed pole (2.2), the two ends of steel wire rope stayed pole (2.3) are equipped with can The connecting hole of connecting steel wire ropes (3);
Described steel wire rope closed circuit (13) includes the prolongation being installed on photovoltaic panel support (4) corner Bar (4.1), extension rod (4.1) is provided with tension pulley block group (5), photovoltaic panel support (4) Direction down, corner is provided with angle pulley group (10), steel wire rope (3) and tension pulley block group (5) Tighten connection, steel wire rope (3) and at least one extension spring (6) concatenation, photovoltaic panel (1) to Both sides concatenation steel wire rope stayed pole (2.2) of sunny side, steel wire rope stayed pole (2.3), put down each other The steel wire rope (3) of row is and moves back and forth in the same direction, and steel wire rope (3) is in photovoltaic panel (1) Opaco is walked around angle pulley group (10) and is connected in diagonal, and each pulley includes being wound around at least The steel wire rope driving wheel of one circle steel wire rope.
The photovoltaic panel surface dust dress being applicable to various ways support the most according to claim 1 Put, it is characterized in that: described steel wire rope driving wheel is arranged separately in appointing of photovoltaic panel support (4) Meaning position or coaxial with warp-wise tracking motor.
The photovoltaic panel surface dust dress being applicable to various ways support the most according to claim 1 Put, it is characterized in that: described tension pulley block group (5) includes that tension pulley block (5.1), tensioning are sliding Wheel (5.2), tension pulley block (5.3), tension pulley block (5.4), angle pulley group (10) includes Angle pulley (10.1), angle pulley (10.2), angle pulley (10.3), angle pulley (10.4).
4. according to the arbitrary described photovoltaic panel table being applicable to various ways support of claims 1 to 3 Face dust arrester, is characterized in that: described tension pulley block group (5) and angle pulley group (10) Periphery be the centripetal groove structure in footpath.
The photovoltaic panel surface dust dress being applicable to various ways support the most according to claim 1 Put and it is characterized in that: described steel wire rope driving wheel rotate take power mode include following any one:
A, dependence decelerator and the electric reducer rotationally reciprocating of motor integral;Electric reducer Motor be reversible dc motor, the decelerator speed ratio of electric reducer be more than 1000, electronic Starting by Singlechip clock signal or the photosignal of sunrise/sunset or rain signal of reductor Control;
B, become to join and insert the knot that can shake with an artificial crank is centrally disposed with described steel wire rope driving wheel Structure;
C, with an electronic driver centrally disposed with described steel wire rope driving wheel become join insert can follow rotation Structure;
D, with sunshine tracking driving decelerating electric machine as power, control transmission by electromagnetic clutch.
The photovoltaic panel surface dust dress being applicable to various ways support the most according to claim 1 Put, it is characterized in that: described steel wire rope stayed pole (2.2) and steel wire rope stayed pole (2.3) Length is 10-30cm.
The photovoltaic panel surface dust dress being applicable to various ways support the most according to claim 1 Put, it is characterized in that: described brush (2.4) is made of a soft.
The photovoltaic panel surface dust dress being applicable to various ways support the most according to claim 7 Put, it is characterized in that: described flexible material includes rubber slab, polyurethane vacuolar membrane, animal wool, people Make the one in fiber.
CN201610431646.4A 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 Photovoltaic panel surface dust collection device suitable for multiple forms of supports Pending CN105921430A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610431646.4A CN105921430A (en) 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 Photovoltaic panel surface dust collection device suitable for multiple forms of supports

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610431646.4A CN105921430A (en) 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 Photovoltaic panel surface dust collection device suitable for multiple forms of supports

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107676449A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-02-09 北京嘉技瑞华科贸有限公司 A kind of balance transmission system
CN107824501A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-23 北京首航艾启威节能技术股份有限公司 Intelligent optical ensuring system for heliostat
CN109013624A (en) * 2018-08-15 2018-12-18 杭州舜海光伏科技有限公司 The photovoltaic of single motor duplex type driving cleans trolley
CN109120225A (en) * 2018-08-16 2019-01-01 安徽超清科技股份有限公司 A kind of quick self charger of automobile based on light energy
CN109781828A (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-05-21 李静娴 A kind of mass spectrograph for negative ions repercussion study
CN111701893A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-09-25 上海储轩智能科技有限公司 Photovoltaic cleaning robot device with flat single-shaft tracking support

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107676449A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-02-09 北京嘉技瑞华科贸有限公司 A kind of balance transmission system
CN107824501A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-23 北京首航艾启威节能技术股份有限公司 Intelligent optical ensuring system for heliostat
CN109013624A (en) * 2018-08-15 2018-12-18 杭州舜海光伏科技有限公司 The photovoltaic of single motor duplex type driving cleans trolley
CN109013624B (en) * 2018-08-15 2023-08-22 杭州舜海光伏科技有限公司 Single-motor double-rope driven photovoltaic cleaning trolley
CN109120225A (en) * 2018-08-16 2019-01-01 安徽超清科技股份有限公司 A kind of quick self charger of automobile based on light energy
CN109781828A (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-05-21 李静娴 A kind of mass spectrograph for negative ions repercussion study
CN111701893A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-09-25 上海储轩智能科技有限公司 Photovoltaic cleaning robot device with flat single-shaft tracking support

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Application publication date: 20160907