CN105920953A - Water-curtain filtering type air purifier - Google Patents

Water-curtain filtering type air purifier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105920953A
CN105920953A CN201610262317.1A CN201610262317A CN105920953A CN 105920953 A CN105920953 A CN 105920953A CN 201610262317 A CN201610262317 A CN 201610262317A CN 105920953 A CN105920953 A CN 105920953A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
air
mounting groove
outlet
fairing cap
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610262317.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105920953B (en
Inventor
喻文武
贾新奎
Original Assignee
杭州云蜂工业设计有限公司
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Priority to CN201610262317.1A priority Critical patent/CN105920953B/en
Publication of CN105920953A publication Critical patent/CN105920953A/en
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Publication of CN105920953B publication Critical patent/CN105920953B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/02Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent by passing the gas or air or vapour over or through a liquid bath
    • B01D47/022Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent by passing the gas or air or vapour over or through a liquid bath by using a liquid curtain
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/02Self-contained room units for air-conditioning, i.e. with all apparatus for treatment installed in a common casing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/11Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor with bag, cage, hose, tube, sleeve or like filtering elements
    • B01D29/31Self-supporting filtering elements
    • B01D29/35Self-supporting filtering elements arranged for outward flow filtration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/62Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D29/64Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element
    • B01D29/6407Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/96Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor in which the filtering elements are moved between filtering operations; Particular measures for removing or replacing the filtering elements; Transport systems for filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/20Casings or covers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/117Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering using wet filtering
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B21/00Machines, plant, or systems, using electric or magnetic effects
    • F25B21/02Machines, plant, or systems, using electric or magnetic effects using Peltier effect; using Nernst-Ettinghausen effect
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • F24F2003/144Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification by dehumidification only
    • F24F2003/1446Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification by dehumidification only by condensing

Abstract

The invention discloses a water-curtain filtering type air purifier, comprising a square tank-shaped outer shell and an inner shell downwardly installed into the outer shell from the top of the outer shell; a water storage barrel and a waste water barrel are mounted in the inner shell; space between the outer shell and the inner shell is provided with a filter and a water pump; a diversion cover is arranged above and connected with the inner shell; a top cover is arranged above and fixedly connected with the diversion cover; and a refrigeration piece assembly is installed in the diversion cover. The water-curtain filtering type air purifier utilizes a semiconductor refrigeration piece for dehumidifying of filtered air and heats unfiltered air with heat produced by the semiconductor refrigeration piece so as to improve Brownian motion of air; thus, contact of air with a water curtain is increased when air passes through the water curtain, thereby improving air purifying effect.

Description

A kind of cascade filtering type air purifier
Technical field
The invention belongs to air purifier field, particularly relate to a kind of cascade filtering type air purifier.
Background technology
Number of patent application is that to disclose a kind of be that main to heat effect with semiconductor refrigerating again be auxiliary air cleaner with water pouring for the Chinese patent application of CN201410208170.9, it uses one group of " P-N " junction-semiconductor device (semiconductor chilling plate) that water drenches the air after filtering and condenses the steam liquefaction making air carry when filtering, and is heated air by the hot side of semiconductor chilling plate subsequently and makes it return to close to original temperature.Although the program can remove the steam carried in air, but the impact that the clean-up effect of air can not be brought.
During it addition, the mode using water to drench carries out filtration, purification to air, the dust in air is brought in water, water can be made gradually to become muddy, need relatively frequently to change water, otherwise will affect the effect of air cleaning.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is: the deficiency existed for prior art, it is provided that a kind of novel structure, compact, the household small-size air cleaner of good air purification effect and length in service life.
For realizing the purpose of the present invention, it is achieved by the following technical solutions: a kind of cascade filtering type air purifier, includes the outer cage of square groove shape, and load the inner casing in outer cage from top to bottom;
Described inner casing includes a square upper junction plate being connected with outer cage upper end open, and the water butt mounting groove that is integrally attached on upper junction plate and wastewater barrel mounting groove;Water butt mounting groove is positioned at the center of upper junction plate, and wastewater barrel mounting groove is located close to a vertex position of upper junction plate;
Water butt is installed in described water butt mounting groove, in described wastewater barrel mounting groove, wastewater barrel is installed;In the middle of bottom described water butt mounting groove, wastewater barrel mounting groove water flowing plug connector is installed, described water butt, wastewater barrel bottom in the middle of be provided with the water flowing joint being connected with water flowing plug connector fitted seal and connecting;
Described water butt internal upper part is provided with an annular inner draft tube, the spacing of 5-15mm is left between inner draft tube outer wall and water butt inwall, bar shaped air outlet is formed the most equably on described inner draft tube, the length direction of bar shaped air outlet is vertically arranged, described inner draft tube outer wall upper end forms the positioning head of more than 3, and the upper end of water butt forms to mate the positioning port accommodating each described positioning head;Periphery, described inner draft tube bottom forms the lower positionable wall abutted with water butt inner wall sealing;
The upper junction plate of described inner casing while be rotatably connected to the fairing cap of square groove shape by hinge, the connection fixed above of fairing cap has top cover;
Forming air inlet on four sidewalls of described fairing cap respectively, the position of fairing cap medial wall each air inlet corresponding is separately installed with fan;The bottom wall intermediary form of described fairing cap has the air outlet of circle;
The bottom wall of described fairing cap is positioned at the water spray plate that the periphery of air outlet is annular, and water spray plate forms water spray bar hole equably, and water spray bar shaped hole length direction is radially arranged along water spray plate;
Described water spray bar hole includes the first bar hole and the second bar hole, first bar hole and the second bar hole are arranged alternately along water spray plate circumference, and first 1.5-2 times of a length of second bar shaped hole length of bar hole, the midpoint of the first bar hole and the second bar hole is positioned on same circumference;
Water spray plate upper seal connects a water cover, and water cover side connects water connector, and the end of water connector is through to fairing cap bottom wall, and described water connector is in the side being rotationally connected near fairing cap with inner casing;
The upper end of described water cover forms with multiple cooling piece mounting posts of circumference array distribution, is provided with cooling piece assembly between each two adjacent cooling piece mounting post;Described cooling piece assembly includes cooling piece and the radiation aluminium seat being connected to cooling piece both sides and cooling aluminum seat, radiation aluminium seat and cooling aluminum seat outer wall and uniformly forms longitudinally disposed fin;Described cooling aluminum seat is located close to the side of air outlet;
Described top cover intermediary form has a chimney fan downwardly extended, the lower end of chimney fan to seal offset with cooling piece assembly, cooling piece mounting post;
Described air outlet top is provided with the conducting element of an inverted cone, and the lateral wall in the vertical direction of conducting element is the arc of indent, and the upper end of conducting element is less than the point midway of cooling aluminum seat in the vertical direction;The bottom of conducting element is integrally formed with a link, link includes the connection rib being connected with conducting element bottom one of more than 3, and it is integrally attached to the ring for fixing of each described connection rib outer end, it is plugged in air outlet to ring for fixing interference fit;
The periphery being positioned at water spray plate in the bottom wall of described fairing cap forms circular air inlet mouth, and circular air inlet mouth is just corresponding with the annular space between water butt, inner draft tube;The periphery being positioned at circular air inlet mouth in fairing cap is provided with lower kuppe, and lower kuppe periphery offsets with fairing cap medial wall;The chimney fan outer wall of described top cover is arranged with kuppe, forms an air intake passage, described fan position between upper kuppe, lower kuppe between described upper kuppe, lower kuppe;
Filter, water pump it is also equipped with in space between described outer cage and inner casing;
The water inlet end of described water pump is connected with the water flowing plug connector bottom water butt mounting groove by pipeline, and described filter bottom has an Inlet and outlet water interface and a water outlet mouthpiece;The water side of described water pump is connected by the Inlet and outlet water interface of pipe-and-filter, and the Inlet and outlet water interface of filter is connected with the water flowing plug connector bottom wastewater barrel mounting groove also by waste pipe, and is in series with the second electromagnetic valve on described waste pipe;The water outlet mouthpiece of described filter is connected with water connector by pure water pipeline, and is in series with the first electromagnetic valve on pure water pipeline;The pipeline section that described pure water pipeline and water connector are directly connected to is flexible pipe;
Described outer cage inwall is provided with control circuit plate, and described water pump, the first electromagnetic valve, the second electromagnetic valve electrically connect with control circuit plate respectively, and described top cover is arranged above press button, and press button is electrically connected with control circuit plate by flexible circuit conductor;
After pressing the button switch, control circuit plate control the first electromagnetic valve open, the second closed electromagnetic valve, start pump working immediately after, often cross 30-60min, water pump quits work 10s, and 10s opened by the first closed electromagnetic valve 10s, the second electromagnetic valve simultaneously.
As preferably: described filter includes the cylinder and lid being threaded connection, and the ceramic element assembly being arranged between cylinder and lid in space;
The both sides of described lid form Inlet and outlet water interface and water outlet mouthpiece respectively;Integrally formed with a water out adapter in the middle of the inner bottom part of lid, water out adapter is connected with water outlet mouthpiece, and the end outer wall of water out adapter forms locating surface;The inner bottom part of lid also forms the water jet being connected with Inlet and outlet water interface;The inner bottom part periphery of described lid is additionally provided with sealing ring;
Described ceramic element assembly includes the ceramic element of round tube shape and is respectively fixedly connected with the first end socket at ceramic element both ends and the second end socket, the water outlet union joint that connect internal with ceramic element it is fixedly connected with in the middle of first end socket, water outlet union joint outer wall is rotationally connected with water out adapter, the lower end of the first end socket forms internal gear, and the centre of the second end socket is connected with and is rotationally connected head;
Described water out adapter outer wall is connected to water wheels near lid inner bottom part position turning set;
The periphery of described water wheels is equably integrally formed with blade, and the periphery of each blade is connected with a baffle ring, forms the angle of 20-30 degree between described blade surface and the axial direction of water wheels;The blade of described water wheels is oppositely arranged with described water jet, and the angle between the direction of described water jet and described blade surface is 70-90 degree;Described water wheels upper surface center forms driving gear, described water wheels center also form be rotationally connected with water out adapter be rotationally connected hole;
The locating surface position fixed cover of described water out adapter outer wall end is connected to a tooth rest;
Forming the locating surface position with water out adapter end on described tooth rest and coordinate the sleeve joint hole of socket, the side of tooth rest forms adjutage, described adjutage forms reduction gearing installing hole;
A reduction gearing it is rotatably connected on reduction gearing installing hole;
Described reduction gearing includes the first gear, the second gear, and the coaxially connected connection post between the first gear and the second gear of one, and the diameter of the first gear is more than the diameter of the second gear;Described first gear is connected with driving meshed transmission gear, and described second gear is connected by meshing transmission with internal gear;
Described cylinder is the round tube shape of upper end closed lower ending opening;The position of corresponding second end socket of cylinder inboard wall forms positioning step;
It is installed with in cylinder and is rotationally connected frame by what positioning step positioned;
Be rotationally connected frame and include the outer ring being connected with cylinder inboard wall interference fit, and be rotationally connected the inner ring that head is rotationally connected, by the dowel one connection of more than 3 between inner ring and outer ring on described ceramic element assembly;
In described cylinder, the position of corresponding ceramic element is provided with a brush assembly;
Described brush assembly includes to brush the bristle of dirt on ceramic element outer wall, and two connect ring, and two or more is integrally attached to the brush holder support between described connection ring;And it is fixedly connected with elastic chuck at least one connection ring;Described bristle is fixedly connected on brush holder support inwall;Described brush assembly is connected with cylinder inboard wall interference fit by elastic chuck;
It is positioned in described cylinder and is rotationally connected frame top and is provided with and seals, with cylinder inboard wall, the piston that is slidably connected;
The upper end of described piston is fixedly connected with more than one spring, and the upper end of spring is fixedly connected on a connecting plate, and connecting plate offsets with cylinder inner top.
As preferably: the side, upper end of described water flowing plug connector forms side breach;Described water flowing joint includes the fitting sleeve being shaped in bottom water butt or wastewater barrel, the bottom of fitting sleeve connects the sealing ring being tightly connected with described connection-peg, it is positioned at sealing ring in fitting sleeve to slide above a filler block is installed, being connected between filler block upper end with fitting sleeve upper end and have sealing spring, filler block lower end seals with sealing ring upper end and offsets;Described fitting sleeve upper side forms outlet pass, and when described connection-peg upwards jack-up filler block, described outlet pass connects with side breach.
As preferably: the material composition of described ceramic element is counted by weight and included: kieselguhr 80%, calcium carbonate 6%, Kaolin 4%, activated carbon 10%, above-mentioned raw materials mixes after being crushed to 160-180 mesh respectively, adding water after mix homogeneously and make mud, use gypsum mold to make moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, sinter molding is finished product;Described ceramic element is round tube shape, and the thickness of ceramic element is 5-15mm, and the micropore size on ceramic element is 0.4-0.8 μm.
As preferably: the minimum range between adjacent two described water spray bar holes is 0.5-1.5mm.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: when the present invention works, control circuit plate controls water pump, fan works simultaneously, and the water in water butt is pumped into filter by water pump, and pure water after filtering forms cascade from water spray plate ejection.
Fan by air in air inlet suction fairing cap, air is along upper kuppe, the flowing of lower kuppe, it is heated up through radiation aluminium seat, Brownian movement aggravates, then the air heated up flows downward entrance inner draft tube from circular air inlet mouth, and the bar shaped air outlet blowout from inner draft tube sidewall, then air is taken away by cascade from water butt periphery to intermediate flow, the partial particulate thing in cascade air and falls in water butt.
Filtered air flows up from air outlet, and through the cooling aluminum seat of cooling piece assembly, air is condensed into aqueous water through the steam that cascade carries and is back in water butt.
Described conducting element makes air touch with cooling aluminum seated connection more, it is ensured that steam is fully condensed.
Due to water filtration through filter before water spray plate sprays, dirt in water will not enter water spray plate and result in blockage water jet, so width of water jet can be designed to less, the density of water spray bar hole can arrange bigger, the contact area of air and cascade can be increased, strengthen the clean-up effect to air.
The present invention not only make use of semiconductor chilling plate to dehumidify filtered air, and unfiltered air is heated by the heat that make use of semiconductor chilling plate to produce, the Brownian movement of aggravation air, such air is more with contacting of cascade through cascade, enhances air purification effect.
Owing to filter is only for filtering the particulate contaminant in water, the filtering requirement comparing drinking water is much lower, therefore the ceramic element that described ceramic element compares Prinking water filter has bigger aperture, and filtration flow-rate is relatively big, decreases the load of water pump, has saved the energy.
The most after a while, control circuit plate controls water pump and quits work, and the first closed electromagnetic valve, the second electromagnetic valve are opened simultaneously, and now filter carries out blowdown process.
Concrete, the water jet of described filter and Inlet and outlet water orifice, during water outlet mouthpiece water outlet, the current that water pump pumps in filter drive water wheels to rotate from water jet ejection, final drive ceramic element assembly rotates in cylinder, and it has been fixedly installed the bristle for removing ceramic element dirt at described cylinder and ceramic element inter-module, while drainage crossed by filter, i.e. realize scrubbing of ceramic element assembly.
Described Inlet and outlet water interface connects water pump, and described water outlet mouthpiece connects water connector, and when water pump is in opening, the piston of cylinder internal upper part moves up under hydraulic pressure effect, the spring contraction being connected with piston;When the second electromagnetic valve is opened so that waste water overpressure reduces, now spring elongation, piston moves down, and the water with dirt in being in cylinder, outside ceramic element is in Inlet and outlet water interface flows into waste pipe, and is drained in wastewater barrel.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is inner casing and the structural representation of each parts being connected with inner casing.
Fig. 4 is water pump in the present invention, filter, water butt mounting groove, the pipeline connecting figure of wastewater barrel mounting groove.
Fig. 5 is that the water route of the present invention connects block diagram.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of fairing cap and header field.
Fig. 7 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of fairing cap and header field.
Fig. 8 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of fairing cap part.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of filter.
Figure 10 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of filter.
Figure 11 is the decomposition texture schematic diagram of filter.
Figure 12, Figure 13 are lid, ceramic element assembly and the structural representation of drive disk assembly being connected with them 。
Figure 14 is the structural representation of lid of filter.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of filter water wheels.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of filter tooth rest.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of filter reduction gearing.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of filter ceramic filtering core assembly.
Figure 19 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of filter cylinder.
80, outer cage;81, inner casing;811, upper junction plate;812, water butt mounting groove;813, wastewater barrel mounting groove;814, the first electromagnetic valve;815, the second electromagnetic valve;816, water flowing plug connector;
82, fairing cap;820, air inlet;821, lower kuppe;822, circular air inlet mouth;823, water spray plate;8231, water spray bar hole;824, air outlet;825, conducting element;8251, link;826, water cover;8261, cooling piece mounting post;827, water connector;
83, top cover;831, chimney fan;832, upper kuppe;833, press button;84, water butt;841, inner draft tube;8411, bar shaped air outlet;8412, positioning head;8413, lower positionable wall;842, water flowing joint;85, wastewater barrel;86, water pump;87, fan;88, cooling piece assembly;
P, filter;1, lid;11, Inlet and outlet water interface;111, water jet;12, water outlet mouthpiece;13, sealing ring;14, water out adapter;141, locating surface;2, cylinder;20, it is rotationally connected frame;21, positioning step;3, ceramic element assembly;31, ceramic element;32, the first end socket;321, internal gear;33, water outlet union joint;34, the second end socket;341, it is rotationally connected head;4, brush assembly;41, ring is connected;42, brush holder support;43, bristle;44, elastic chuck;5, piston;51, spring;52, connecting plate;60, water wheels;601, blade;602, baffle ring;603, gear is driven;604, it is rotationally connected hole;61, reduction gearing;611, the first gear;612, post is connected;613, the second gear;62, tooth rest;621, sleeve joint hole;622, adjutage;623, reduction gearing installing hole.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
According to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 8, the present embodiment is a kind of cascade filtering type air purifier, includes the outer cage 80 of square groove shape, and loads the inner casing 81 in outer cage from top to bottom.
Described inner casing includes a square upper junction plate 811 being connected with outer cage upper end open, and the water butt mounting groove 812 that is integrally attached on upper junction plate and wastewater barrel mounting groove 813;Water butt mounting groove is positioned at the center of upper junction plate, and wastewater barrel mounting groove is located close to a vertex position of upper junction plate.
Water butt 84 is installed in described water butt mounting groove, in described wastewater barrel mounting groove, wastewater barrel 85 is installed;In the middle of bottom described water butt mounting groove, wastewater barrel mounting groove water flowing plug connector 816 is installed, described water butt, wastewater barrel bottom in the middle of be provided with the water flowing joint 842 being connected with water flowing plug connector fitted seal and connecting.
Described water butt 84 internal upper part is provided with an annular inner draft tube 841, the spacing of 5-15mm is left between inner draft tube outer wall and water butt inwall, bar shaped air outlet 8411 is formed the most equably on described inner draft tube, the length direction of bar shaped air outlet is vertically arranged, described inner draft tube outer wall upper end forms the positioning head 8412 of more than 3, and the upper end of water butt forms to mate the positioning port accommodating each described positioning head;Periphery, described inner draft tube bottom forms the lower positionable wall 8413 abutted with water butt inner wall sealing.
The upper junction plate of described inner casing while be rotatably connected to the fairing cap 82 of square groove shape by hinge, the connection fixed above of fairing cap has top cover 83.
Forming air inlet 820 on four sidewalls of described fairing cap respectively, the position of fairing cap medial wall each air inlet corresponding is separately installed with fan 87;The bottom wall intermediary form of described fairing cap has the air outlet 824 of circle.
The bottom wall of described fairing cap is positioned at the water spray plate 823 that the periphery of air outlet is annular, and water spray plate forms water spray bar hole 8231 equably, and water spray bar shaped hole length direction is radially arranged along water spray plate.
Described water spray bar hole includes the first bar hole and the second bar hole, first bar hole and the second bar hole are arranged alternately along water spray plate circumference, and first 1.5-2 times of a length of second bar shaped hole length of bar hole, the midpoint of the first bar hole and the second bar hole is positioned on same circumference.
Water spray plate upper seal connects a water cover 826, and water cover side connects water connector 827, and the end of water connector is through to fairing cap bottom wall, and described water connector is in the side being rotationally connected near fairing cap with inner casing.
The upper end of described water cover forms with multiple cooling piece mounting posts 8261 of circumference array distribution, is provided with cooling piece assembly 88 between each two adjacent cooling piece mounting post;Described cooling piece assembly includes cooling piece and the radiation aluminium seat being connected to cooling piece both sides and cooling aluminum seat, radiation aluminium seat and cooling aluminum seat outer wall and uniformly forms longitudinally disposed fin;Described cooling aluminum seat is located close to the side of air outlet.
Described top cover intermediary form has a chimney fan downwardly extended 831, the lower end of chimney fan to seal offset with cooling piece assembly, cooling piece mounting post.
Described air outlet top is provided with the conducting element 825 of an inverted cone, and the lateral wall in the vertical direction of conducting element is the arc of indent, and the upper end of conducting element is less than the point midway of cooling aluminum seat in the vertical direction;The bottom of conducting element is integrally formed with a link 8251, link includes the connection rib being connected with conducting element bottom one of more than 3, and it is integrally attached to the ring for fixing of each described connection rib outer end, it is plugged in air outlet to ring for fixing interference fit.
The periphery being positioned at water spray plate in the bottom wall of described fairing cap forms circular air inlet mouth 822, and circular air inlet mouth is just corresponding with the annular space between water butt, inner draft tube;The periphery being positioned at circular air inlet mouth in fairing cap is provided with lower kuppe 821, and lower kuppe periphery offsets with fairing cap medial wall;The chimney fan outer wall of described top cover is arranged with kuppe 832, forms an air intake passage, described fan position between upper kuppe, lower kuppe between described upper kuppe, lower kuppe.
Filter P, water pump 86 it is also equipped with in space between described outer cage and inner casing.
The water inlet end of described water pump is connected with the water flowing plug connector bottom water butt mounting groove by pipeline, and described filter bottom has an Inlet and outlet water interface and a water outlet mouthpiece;The water side of described water pump is connected by the Inlet and outlet water interface of pipe-and-filter, and the Inlet and outlet water interface of filter is connected with the water flowing plug connector bottom wastewater barrel mounting groove also by waste pipe, and is in series with the second electromagnetic valve on described waste pipe;The water outlet mouthpiece of described filter is connected with water connector by pure water pipeline, and is in series with the first electromagnetic valve on pure water pipeline;The pipeline section that described pure water pipeline and water connector are directly connected to is flexible pipe.
Described outer cage inwall is provided with control circuit plate, and described water pump, the first electromagnetic valve, the second electromagnetic valve electrically connect with control circuit plate respectively, and described top cover is arranged above press button, and press button is electrically connected with control circuit plate by flexible circuit conductor.
After pressing the button switch, control circuit plate control the first electromagnetic valve open, the second closed electromagnetic valve, start pump working immediately after, often cross 30-60min, water pump quits work 10s, and 10s opened by the first closed electromagnetic valve 10s, the second electromagnetic valve simultaneously.
The side, upper end of described water flowing plug connector forms side breach;Described water flowing joint includes the fitting sleeve being shaped in bottom water butt or wastewater barrel, the bottom of fitting sleeve connects the sealing ring being tightly connected with described connection-peg, it is positioned at sealing ring in fitting sleeve to slide above a filler block is installed, being connected between filler block upper end with fitting sleeve upper end and have sealing spring, filler block lower end seals with sealing ring upper end and offsets;Described fitting sleeve upper side forms outlet pass, and when described connection-peg upwards jack-up filler block, described outlet pass connects with side breach.
Embodiment 2
, the present embodiment, on the basis of embodiment 1, also includes following characteristics: combine shown in Fig. 9 to Figure 19, and described filter P includes the cylinder 2 and lid 1 being threaded connection, and the ceramic element assembly being arranged between cylinder and lid in space.
The both sides of described lid 1 form Inlet and outlet water interface 11 and water outlet mouthpiece 12 respectively;Integrally formed with a water out adapter 14 in the middle of the inner bottom part of lid, water out adapter 14 is connected with water outlet mouthpiece 12, and the end outer wall of water out adapter 14 forms locating surface 141;The inner bottom part of lid also forms the water jet 111 being connected with Inlet and outlet water interface 11, and the inner bottom part periphery of described lid is additionally provided with sealing ring 13;
Described ceramic element assembly 3 includes the ceramic element 31 of round tube shape and is respectively fixedly connected with the first end socket 32 and the second end socket 34 at ceramic element both ends, the water outlet union joint 33 that connect internal with ceramic element it is fixedly connected with in the middle of first end socket 32, water outlet union joint 33 outer wall seals with water out adapter 14 and is rotationally connected, the lower end of the first end socket 32 forms internal gear 321, and the centre of the second end socket 34 is connected with and is rotationally connected 341.
Described water out adapter 14 outer wall is connected to water wheels near lid inner bottom part position turning set.
The periphery of described water wheels 60 is equably integrally formed with blade 601, and the periphery of each blade is connected with a baffle ring 602, forms the angle of 20-30 degree between described blade surface and the axial direction of water wheels;The blade 601 of described water wheels is oppositely arranged with described water jet 111, and the angle between the direction of described water jet and described blade surface is 70-90 degree;Described water wheels upper surface center form driving gear 603, described water wheels center also form be rotationally connected with water out adapter 14 be rotationally connected hole 604.
The locating surface position fixed cover of described water out adapter 14 outer wall end is connected to a tooth rest 62.
Forming locating surface 141 position with water out adapter end on described tooth rest 62 and coordinate the sleeve joint hole 621 of socket, the side of tooth rest forms adjutage 622, described adjutage forms reduction gearing installing hole 623.
A reduction gearing 61 it is rotatably connected on reduction gearing installing hole.
Described reduction gearing 61 includes first gear the 611, second gear 613, and the coaxially connected connection post 612 between the first gear and the second gear of one, and the diameter of the first gear is more than the diameter of the second gear;Described first gear is connected with driving meshed transmission gear, and described second gear is connected by meshing transmission with internal gear.
Described cylinder 2 is the round tube shape of upper end closed lower ending opening;The position of corresponding second end socket of cylinder 2 inwall forms positioning step 21.
It is installed with in cylinder and is rotationally connected frame 20 by what positioning step 21 positioned.
Be rotationally connected frame 20 and include the outer ring being connected with cylinder inboard wall interference fit, and be rotationally connected 341 inner ring being rotationally connected, by the dowel one connection of more than 3 between inner ring and outer ring on described ceramic element assembly 3.
In described cylinder 2, the position of corresponding ceramic element 31 is provided with a brush assembly 4.
Described brush assembly 4 includes to brush the bristle 43 of dirt on ceramic element outer wall, and two connect ring 41, and two or more is integrally attached to the brush holder support 42 between described connection ring;And it is fixedly connected with elastic chuck 44 at least one connection ring 41;Described bristle is fixedly connected on brush holder support inwall;Described brush assembly is connected with cylinder 2 inwall interference fit by elastic chuck 44.
It is positioned in described cylinder 2 and is rotationally connected frame top and is provided with and seals, with cylinder inboard wall, the piston 5 that is slidably connected.
The upper end of described piston 5 is fixedly connected with more than one spring 51, and the upper end of spring is fixedly connected on a connecting plate 52, and connecting plate offsets with cylinder inner top;The area of described turbine blade is 1-2cm, and the internal diameter of described water jet is 4-10mm.
When the present invention works, control circuit plate controls water pump, fan works simultaneously, and the water in water butt is pumped into filter by water pump, and pure water after filtering forms cascade from water spray plate ejection.
Fan by air in air inlet suction fairing cap, air is along upper kuppe, the flowing of lower kuppe, it is heated up through radiation aluminium seat, Brownian movement aggravates, then the air heated up flows downward entrance inner draft tube from circular air inlet mouth, and the bar shaped air outlet blowout from inner draft tube sidewall, then air is taken away by cascade from water butt periphery to intermediate flow, the partial particulate thing in cascade air and falls in water butt.
Filtered air flows up from air outlet, and through the cooling aluminum seat of cooling piece assembly, air is condensed into aqueous water through the steam that cascade carries and is back in water butt.
Described conducting element makes air touch with cooling aluminum seated connection more, it is ensured that steam is fully condensed.
Due to water filtration through filter before water spray plate sprays, dirt in water will not enter water spray plate and result in blockage water jet, so width of water jet can be designed to less, the density of water spray bar hole can arrange bigger, the contact area of air and cascade can be increased, strengthen the clean-up effect to air.
The present invention not only make use of semiconductor chilling plate to dehumidify filtered air, and unfiltered air is heated by the heat that make use of semiconductor chilling plate to produce, the Brownian movement of aggravation air, such air is more with contacting of cascade through cascade, enhances air purification effect.
Owing to filter is only for filtering the particulate contaminant in water, the filtering requirement comparing drinking water is much lower, therefore the ceramic element that described ceramic element compares Prinking water filter has bigger aperture, and filtration flow-rate is relatively big, decreases the load of water pump, has saved the energy.
The most after a while, control circuit plate controls water pump and quits work, and the first closed electromagnetic valve, the second electromagnetic valve are opened simultaneously, and now filter carries out blowdown process.
Concrete, the water jet of described filter and Inlet and outlet water orifice, during water outlet mouthpiece water outlet, the current that water pump pumps in filter drive water wheels to rotate from water jet ejection, final drive ceramic element assembly rotates in cylinder, and it has been fixedly installed the bristle for removing ceramic element dirt at described cylinder and ceramic element inter-module, while drainage crossed by filter, i.e. realize scrubbing of ceramic element assembly.
Described Inlet and outlet water interface connects water pump, and described water outlet mouthpiece connects water connector, and when water pump is in opening, the piston of cylinder internal upper part moves up under hydraulic pressure effect, the spring contraction being connected with piston;When the second electromagnetic valve is opened so that waste water overpressure reduces, now spring elongation, piston moves down, and the water with dirt in being in cylinder, outside ceramic element is in Inlet and outlet water interface flows into waste pipe, and is drained in wastewater barrel.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment is on the basis of embodiment 2, the material composition of described ceramic element is counted by weight and is included: kieselguhr 80%, calcium carbonate 6%, Kaolin 4%, activated carbon 10%, above-mentioned raw materials mixes after being crushed to 160-180 mesh respectively, adds water and make mud after mix homogeneously, using gypsum mold to make moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, sinter molding is finished product.Described ceramic element is round tube shape, and the thickness of ceramic element is 5-15mm, and the micropore size on ceramic element is 0.4-0.8 μm.
Owing to filter is only for filtering the particulate contaminant in water, the filtering requirement comparing drinking water is much lower, therefore the ceramic element that described ceramic element compares Prinking water filter has bigger aperture, and filtration flow-rate is relatively big, decreases the load of water pump, has saved the energy.

Claims (2)

1. a cascade filtering type air purifier, it is characterised in that: include the outer cage of square groove shape, and load the inner casing in outer cage from top to bottom;
Described inner casing includes a square upper junction plate being connected with outer cage upper end open, and the water butt mounting groove that is integrally attached on upper junction plate and wastewater barrel mounting groove;Water butt mounting groove is positioned at the center of upper junction plate, and wastewater barrel mounting groove is located close to a vertex position of upper junction plate;
Water butt is installed in described water butt mounting groove, in described wastewater barrel mounting groove, wastewater barrel is installed;In the middle of bottom described water butt mounting groove, wastewater barrel mounting groove water flowing plug connector is installed, described water butt, wastewater barrel bottom in the middle of be provided with the water flowing joint being connected with water flowing plug connector fitted seal and connecting;
Described water butt internal upper part is provided with an annular inner draft tube, the spacing of 5-15mm is left between inner draft tube outer wall and water butt inwall, bar shaped air outlet is formed the most equably on described inner draft tube, the length direction of bar shaped air outlet is vertically arranged, described inner draft tube outer wall upper end forms the positioning head of more than 3, and the upper end of water butt forms to mate the positioning port accommodating each described positioning head;Periphery, described inner draft tube bottom forms the lower positionable wall abutted with water butt inner wall sealing;
The upper junction plate of described inner casing while be rotatably connected to the fairing cap of square groove shape by hinge, the connection fixed above of fairing cap has top cover;
Forming air inlet on four sidewalls of described fairing cap respectively, the position of fairing cap medial wall each air inlet corresponding is separately installed with fan;The bottom wall intermediary form of described fairing cap has the air outlet of circle;
The bottom wall of described fairing cap is positioned at the water spray plate that the periphery of air outlet is annular, and water spray plate forms water spray bar hole equably, and water spray bar shaped hole length direction is radially arranged along water spray plate;
Described water spray bar hole includes the first bar hole and the second bar hole, first bar hole and the second bar hole are arranged alternately along water spray plate circumference, and first 1.5-2 times of a length of second bar shaped hole length of bar hole, the midpoint of the first bar hole and the second bar hole is positioned on same circumference;
Water spray plate upper seal connects a water cover, and water cover side connects water connector, and the end of water connector is through to fairing cap bottom wall, and described water connector is in the side being rotationally connected near fairing cap with inner casing;
The upper end of described water cover forms with multiple cooling piece mounting posts of circumference array distribution, is provided with cooling piece assembly between each two adjacent cooling piece mounting post;Described cooling piece assembly includes cooling piece and the radiation aluminium seat being connected to cooling piece both sides and cooling aluminum seat, radiation aluminium seat and cooling aluminum seat outer wall and uniformly forms longitudinally disposed fin;Described cooling aluminum seat is located close to the side of air outlet;
Described top cover intermediary form has a chimney fan downwardly extended, the lower end of chimney fan to seal offset with cooling piece assembly, cooling piece mounting post;
Described air outlet top is provided with the conducting element of an inverted cone, and the lateral wall in the vertical direction of conducting element is the arc of indent, and the upper end of conducting element is less than the point midway of cooling aluminum seat in the vertical direction;The bottom of conducting element is integrally formed with a link, link includes the connection rib being connected with conducting element bottom one of more than 3, and it is integrally attached to the ring for fixing of each described connection rib outer end, it is plugged in air outlet to ring for fixing interference fit;
The periphery being positioned at water spray plate in the bottom wall of described fairing cap forms circular air inlet mouth, and circular air inlet mouth is just corresponding with the annular space between water butt, inner draft tube;The periphery being positioned at circular air inlet mouth in fairing cap is provided with lower kuppe, and lower kuppe periphery offsets with fairing cap medial wall;The chimney fan outer wall of described top cover is arranged with kuppe, forms an air intake passage, described fan position between upper kuppe, lower kuppe between described upper kuppe, lower kuppe;
Filter, water pump it is also equipped with in space between described outer cage and inner casing;
The water inlet end of described water pump is connected with the water flowing plug connector bottom water butt mounting groove by pipeline, and described filter bottom has an Inlet and outlet water interface and a water outlet mouthpiece;The water side of described water pump is connected by the Inlet and outlet water interface of pipe-and-filter, and the Inlet and outlet water interface of filter is connected with the water flowing plug connector bottom wastewater barrel mounting groove also by waste pipe, and is in series with the second electromagnetic valve on described waste pipe;The water outlet mouthpiece of described filter is connected with water connector by pure water pipeline, and is in series with the first electromagnetic valve on pure water pipeline;The pipeline section that described pure water pipeline and water connector are directly connected to is flexible pipe;
Described outer cage inwall is provided with control circuit plate, and described water pump, the first electromagnetic valve, the second electromagnetic valve electrically connect with control circuit plate respectively, and described top cover is arranged above press button, and press button is electrically connected with control circuit plate by flexible circuit conductor;
After pressing the button switch, control circuit plate control the first electromagnetic valve open, the second closed electromagnetic valve, start pump working immediately after, often cross 30-60min, water pump quits work 10s, and 10s opened by the first closed electromagnetic valve 10s, the second electromagnetic valve simultaneously.
2. a kind of cascade filtering type air purifier as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the minimum range between adjacent two described water spray bar holes is 0.5-1.5mm.
CN201610262317.1A 2016-04-22 2016-04-22 A kind of cascade filtering type air purifier CN105920953B (en)

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CN201710715125.6A CN107421006A (en) 2016-04-22 2016-04-22 Cascade filtering type air purifier
CN201610262317.1A CN105920953B (en) 2016-04-22 2016-04-22 A kind of cascade filtering type air purifier
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CN107469507A (en) * 2017-01-05 2017-12-15 杨万芬 A kind of air purifier
CN108478423A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-09-04 冯梦楠 A kind of automatic smoke exhausting moxibustion instrument
CN109966837A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-07-05 潘路希 A kind of energy saving and environment friendly air cleaning unit

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107469508A (en) * 2017-01-05 2017-12-15 杨万芬 A kind of air cleaner
CN107469507A (en) * 2017-01-05 2017-12-15 杨万芬 A kind of air purifier
CN107497213A (en) * 2017-01-05 2017-12-22 杨万芬 A kind of air cleaner
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CN107715610A (en) * 2017-01-05 2018-02-23 杨万芬 A kind of air purifier
CN108478423A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-09-04 冯梦楠 A kind of automatic smoke exhausting moxibustion instrument
CN109966837A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-07-05 潘路希 A kind of energy saving and environment friendly air cleaning unit

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