CN105900860A - Intelligent incubator - Google Patents

Intelligent incubator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105900860A
CN105900860A CN201610482202.3A CN201610482202A CN105900860A CN 105900860 A CN105900860 A CN 105900860A CN 201610482202 A CN201610482202 A CN 201610482202A CN 105900860 A CN105900860 A CN 105900860A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
egg
casing
incubator
humidity
eggs
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
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Application number
CN201610482202.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105900860B (en
Inventor
蒋业林
张静
侯冠军
程云生
王芬
季索菲
李振球
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fisheries Research Institute of Anhui AAS
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Fisheries Research Institute of Anhui AAS
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Priority to CN201610482202.3A priority Critical patent/CN105900860B/en
Publication of CN105900860A publication Critical patent/CN105900860A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K41/00Incubators for poultry
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K41/00Incubators for poultry
    • A01K41/02Heating arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K41/00Incubators for poultry
    • A01K41/04Controlling humidity in incubators
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K41/00Incubators for poultry
    • A01K41/06Egg-turning appliances for incubators

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent incubator, and relates to the technical field of artificial incubation. The intelligent incubator consists of a box body and a cover body, wherein the box body is of a layered structure; layers are partitioned from each other by using a grating plate; egg discs for incubating eggs are arranged in the box body; eggs can be turned over through a turning mechanism inside the box body; a temperature control mechanism, a humidity control mechanism and a remote intelligent control system are arranged in the box body. The turning mechanism is reasonable in structural design, and can thoroughly replace a conventional egg turning mechanism which is used for turning over eggs manually or complex in market structure, so that eggs on the egg discs can be effectively turned over, and furthermore the incubation rate can be remarkably increased. The egg discs can meet incubation requirements of eggs of different types and sizes, and more importantly, the egg discs of the structure are remarkable in air permeability. By adoption of the processor, information inside the incubator can be transmitted to a remote control platform, so that related situations inside the incubator can be relatively visibly understood, and intelligent control and regulation on temperature and humidity of the incubator can be achieved.

Description

A kind of intelligence hatch machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to artificial incubation technique field, be specifically related to a kind of intelligence hatch machine.
Background technology
Hatching is to betide animal embryo in egg membrane, and rupture of membranes is to the extraneous process starting its free living.Hatch a word, typically Though referring to oviparous animal, but it is also suitable for ovoviviparous animal, the phenomenon pipped after completing fetal development in ovum.
Artificial incubation mainly borrows a locking equipment to be carried out by Artificial Control, is the main hatching pattern of modern domestic fowl farming.Hatch machine, As a kind of conventional incubation equipment, it is widely used in cultivation industry.Existing incubation equipment is primarily present epidemic disaster Regulating relatively simple, epidemic disaster cannot control in real time, and hatching efficiency is low, and egg-turning mechanism is complicated or cannot the defect such as egg-turning.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the intelligent hatch machine of a kind of reasonable in design, while improving incubation rate, can be real The existing reasonable adjusting of humiture, Based Intelligent Control.For achieving the above object, present invention employs techniques below scheme:
A kind of intelligence hatch machine, is made up of casing and lid, and casing is hierachical structure, is separated by flase floor each other; Being provided with for placing the incubator tray treating incubated egg in casing, incubator tray realizes egg-turning by the switching mechanism being located in casing and processes;Case Body is provided with temperature control device, humidity control mechanism and remote intelligent control system.
Further, described incubator tray is provided with several and contains egg unit, contains egg unit and by a circular hole and is distributed in circular hole week Multiple grooves on limit are constituted, and the bottom of groove is provided with circular bottom plate, is connected by several spokes between base plate with groove top Thus form vacancy section, between groove and circular hole, fastened by reinforcement between adjacent grooves.
Further, described switching mechanism by fixed plate, shrouding, motor, shaft coupling, travelling gear, follower and is consolidated Determining hook composition, shrouding is arranged on cabinet wall by fixed plate, and the shaft coupling, the travelling gear that are connected to each other are separately mounted to shrouding Both sides, shaft coupling is connected with motor, the follower engaged with travelling gear by fixation hook affixed with incubator tray, follower Opposite side is rotationally connected with shrouding.
Further, described temperature control device is by the heater being placed in inside lid, temperature sensor and three normally closed types Air outlet forms.
Further, described humidity control mechanism by damping device and is placed in cabinet wall and is in the fan of incubator tray both sides, wet Degree sensor composition, storage tank that described damping device includes being sequentially connected with, quantitative instrument, isocon, shower nozzle, quantitative instrument and Being respectively equipped with humidifier valve between storage tank, isocon, the outer wall of storage tank is provided with temperature control interlayer, is connected with isocon Several shower nozzles are placed in the top of incubator tray.
Further, described remote intelligent control system is by processor, the temperature sensor of temperature control device, humid control The humidity sensor of mechanism, the humidifier valve of humidity control mechanism, the quantitative instrument of humidity control mechanism, humidity control mechanism Fan, the motor of switching mechanism, the heater of temperature control device, the control panel on lid, remote control table group Become, connected by network communication between processor with remote control table.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention is as follows:
1), the internal structure connection and reasonable arrangement of hatch machine, compact, utilization rate is high.
2), switching mechanism reasonable in design, can thoroughly replace the egg-turning mechanism that traditional manual egg-turning or market structure are complicated, The egg enabling incubator tray effectively stirs, and then significantly improves incubation rate.
3), incubator tray design more novel, both can meet the hatching demand of variety classes, size egg, it is often more important that, this Planting the incubator tray of structure, it has significant permeability, coordinates switching mechanism, can improve hatching efficiency dramatically.
4), epidemic disaster controlling organization be applied to first in hatch machine, meanwhile, by processor, can realize hatching Machine internal information passes to remote control table such that it is able to more get information about the correlation circumstance in hatch machine.It addition, it is logical Cross remote control table or manually regulate the running parameter of each parts on the control panel, thus warm in realizing hatch machine, wet The Based Intelligent Control regulation of degree.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of intelligence hatch machine.
Fig. 2 is the rearview of intelligence hatch machine.
Fig. 3 is the upward view of lid.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of incubator tray.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of switching mechanism.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of damping device.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of remote intelligent control system.
In figure, reference implication is:
1 fixed plate, 2 shroudings, 4 motors, 5 shaft couplings, 6 travelling gears, 7 followers, 8 fixation hooks, 10 incubator traies, 11 circular holes, 12 reinforcements, 13 grooves, 14 base plates, 15 spokes, 16 vacancy sections, 17 Storage tank, 18 temperature control interlayers, 19 humidifier valves, 20 quantitative instruments, 21 isocons, 22 shower nozzles, 23 temperature Degree sensor, 24 humidity sensors, 25 processors, 26 control panels, 27 heaters, 28 network communications, 29 remote control table, 30 fans, 31 casings, 33 normally closed type air outlets, 35 lids, 36 flase floors.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the optimal way of the present invention is described in further detail.
Refer to shown in Fig. 1 and 2, a kind of intelligence hatch machine, it is made up of casing 31 and lid 35, casing 31 is in layering Formula structure, is separated by flase floor 36 each other;Casing 31 is provided with for placing the incubator tray 10 treating incubated egg, incubator tray 10 realize egg-turning by the switching mechanism being located in casing 31 processes;Casing 31 is provided with temperature control device, humid control Mechanism and remote intelligent control system.
Referring to shown in Figure 4 and 5, incubator tray 10 is provided with several and contains egg unit, contain egg unit by a circular hole 11 and The multiple grooves 13 being distributed in circular hole periphery are constituted, and the bottom of groove 13 is provided with circular bottom plate 14, base plate 14 and groove 13 Connect by several spokes 15 thus form vacancy section 16 between top, between groove 13 and circular hole 11, adjacent grooves Fastened by reinforcement 12 between 13.
Referring to shown in Fig. 5, switching mechanism is by fixed plate 1, shrouding 2, motor 4, shaft coupling 5, travelling gear 6, quilt Driving wheel 7 and fixation hook 8 form, and shrouding 2 is arranged on casing 31 inwall by fixed plate 1, the shaft coupling 5 being connected to each other, Travelling gear 6 is separately mounted to the both sides of shrouding 2, and shaft coupling 5 is connected with motor 4, passive with what travelling gear 6 engaged Wheel 7 is affixed with incubator tray 10 by fixation hook 8, and the opposite side of follower 7 is rotationally connected with shrouding 2.
Refer to Fig. 1, shown in 2 and 3, temperature control device is by the heater 27 being placed in inside lid 35, temperature sensor 23 and three normally closed type air outlets 33 form.
Referring to shown in Fig. 1 and 6, humidity control mechanism is by damping device and is placed in casing 31 inwall and is in incubator tray 10 liang The fan 30 of side, humidity sensor 24 form, and damping device includes the storage tank 17 being sequentially connected with, quantitative instrument 20, shunts Pipe 21, shower nozzle 22, be respectively equipped with humidifier valve 19, storage tank between quantitative instrument 20 and storage tank 17, isocon 21 The outer wall of 17 is provided with temperature control interlayer 18, and several shower nozzles 22 being connected with isocon 21 are placed in the top of incubator tray 10.
When adding aromatase (addition is generally 5-20ppm) in the water at storage tank 17, it is this that the present invention is given Damping device, can not only play the effect of regulation humidity, it is also possible to as the critical system of sex control hatching, it is possible to have Effect controls the sex ratio of hatching.
Seeing also Fig. 7, remote intelligent control system is by processor 25, the temperature sensor 23 of temperature control device, wet Degree the humidity sensor 24 of controlling organization, the humidifier valve 19 of humidity control mechanism, the quantitative instrument 20 of humidity control mechanism, Control on the fan 30 of humidity control mechanism, the motor 4 of switching mechanism, the heater 27 of temperature control device, lid 35 Panel 26 processed, remote control table 29 form, between processor 25 and remote control table 29 by network communication 28 even Logical.
Above embodiment is only to be described the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not limits the scope of the present invention Fixed, on the premise of designing spirit without departing from the present invention, technical scheme is made by those of ordinary skill in the art Various deformation and improvement, all should fall in the protection domain that claims of the present invention determines.

Claims (6)

1. an intelligent hatch machine, is made up of casing (31) and lid (35), it is characterised in that casing (31) in Hierachical structure, is separated by flase floor (36) each other;Casing (31) is provided with for placing the egg treating incubated egg Dish (10), incubator tray (10) realizes egg-turning by the switching mechanism being located in casing (31) and processes;Casing sets in (31) There are temperature control device, humidity control mechanism and remote intelligent control system.
2. intelligence hatch machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described incubator tray (10) is provided with several and contains Egg unit, contains egg unit and by a circular hole (11) and is distributed in multiple grooves (13) of circular hole periphery and constitutes, groove (13) Bottom be provided with circular bottom plate (14), between base plate (14) and groove (13) top by several spokes (15) even Connect thus form vacancy section (16), between groove (13) and circular hole (11), adjacent grooves pass through reinforcement between (13) (12) fastening.
3. intelligence hatch machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described switching mechanism is by fixed plate (1), envelope Plate (2), motor (4), shaft coupling (5), travelling gear (6), follower (7) and fixation hook (8) composition, Gu Determine plate (1) and shrouding (2) is arranged on casing (31) inwall, the shaft coupling being connected to each other (5), travelling gear (6) Being separately mounted to the both sides of shrouding (2), shaft coupling (5) is connected with motor (4), the quilt engaged with travelling gear (6) Driving wheel (7) is affixed with incubator tray (10) by fixation hook (8), and the opposite side of follower (7) rotates even with shrouding (2) Connect.
4. intelligence hatch machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described temperature control device is by being placed in lid (35) The heater (27) of inner side, temperature sensor (23) and three normally closed type air outlet (33) compositions.
5. intelligence hatch machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described humidity control mechanism by damping device and It is placed in casing (31) inwall and is in the fan (30) of incubator tray (10) both sides, humidity sensor (24) composition, described Storage tank (17) that damping device includes being sequentially connected with, quantitative instrument (20), isocon (21), shower nozzle (22), quantitative instrument (20) and it is respectively equipped with humidifier valve (19), outside storage tank (17) between storage tank (17), isocon (21) Wall is provided with temperature control interlayer (18), and several shower nozzles (22) being connected with isocon (21) are placed in the top of incubator tray (10).
6. intelligence hatch machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described remote intelligent control system is by processor (25), the temperature sensor (23) of temperature control device, the humidity sensor (24) of humidity control mechanism, humid control The humidifier valve (19) of mechanism, the quantitative instrument (20) of humidity control mechanism, the fan (30) of humidity control mechanism, turn over Control panel (26) on the motor (4) of rotation mechanism, the heater (27) of temperature control device, lid (35), remotely Control platform (29) composition, connected by network communication (28) between processor (25) with remote control table (29).
CN201610482202.3A 2016-06-24 2016-06-24 A kind of intelligence hatch machine Active CN105900860B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610482202.3A CN105900860B (en) 2016-06-24 2016-06-24 A kind of intelligence hatch machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610482202.3A CN105900860B (en) 2016-06-24 2016-06-24 A kind of intelligence hatch machine

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CN105900860B CN105900860B (en) 2019-04-05

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201167514Y (en) * 2008-02-04 2008-12-24 周德俊 Hatcher
EP2505217A2 (en) * 2011-02-13 2012-10-03 Innovo Mimetics Ltd. Automated biological sample collection system and method
CN202873537U (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-04-17 杨长江 Frequency conversion incubator
RU2011148367A (en) * 2010-05-06 2013-05-27 Геннадий Эдуардович Бондарчук DEVICE FOR THE CONTENT AND TURN OF EGGS IN THE CLIMATE CAMERA (INCUBATOR)
CN104472396A (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-04-01 苏州科大微龙信息技术有限公司 Intelligent young bird incubator based on Zigbee protocol
CN204560603U (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-08-19 德州利农畜牧机械有限公司 A kind of box incubator
CN205106010U (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-03-30 四川农业大学 Hatch a young integrative egg turning device
CN205106009U (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-03-30 四川农业大学 Full -automatic multi -use hatching apparatus
CN205671235U (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 A kind of intelligence hatch machine

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201167514Y (en) * 2008-02-04 2008-12-24 周德俊 Hatcher
RU2011148367A (en) * 2010-05-06 2013-05-27 Геннадий Эдуардович Бондарчук DEVICE FOR THE CONTENT AND TURN OF EGGS IN THE CLIMATE CAMERA (INCUBATOR)
EP2505217A2 (en) * 2011-02-13 2012-10-03 Innovo Mimetics Ltd. Automated biological sample collection system and method
CN202873537U (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-04-17 杨长江 Frequency conversion incubator
CN104472396A (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-04-01 苏州科大微龙信息技术有限公司 Intelligent young bird incubator based on Zigbee protocol
CN204560603U (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-08-19 德州利农畜牧机械有限公司 A kind of box incubator
CN205106010U (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-03-30 四川农业大学 Hatch a young integrative egg turning device
CN205106009U (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-03-30 四川农业大学 Full -automatic multi -use hatching apparatus
CN205671235U (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 A kind of intelligence hatch machine

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