CN105884072A - Non-overflow dual filter material layer type integral water purification equipment - Google Patents

Non-overflow dual filter material layer type integral water purification equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105884072A
CN105884072A CN201410612804.7A CN201410612804A CN105884072A CN 105884072 A CN105884072 A CN 105884072A CN 201410612804 A CN201410612804 A CN 201410612804A CN 105884072 A CN105884072 A CN 105884072A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
filter tank
filter
water
tank
pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410612804.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
辛占虎
徐朝阳
刘宪华
徐慧
崔勇
孙蕊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TIANJIN CHUANGQIN ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
TIANJIN CHUANGQIN ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by TIANJIN CHUANGQIN ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical TIANJIN CHUANGQIN ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410612804.7A priority Critical patent/CN105884072A/en
Publication of CN105884072A publication Critical patent/CN105884072A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses non-overflow dual filter material layer type integral water purification equipment, whose main body is composed of a flocculation tank, a sedimentation tank, and a filter tank. A ceramic particle filter material layer, a quartz sand filter material layer, and a cobblestone support layer are arranged in the filter tank from top to bottom. A water collecting pipe is arranged in the cobblestone support layer. The external bottom surface of the filter tank is provided with a filter tank water collecting groove, and the water collecting pipe is communicated with the filter tank water collecting groove through a vertical pipe. A non-overflow type filter tank technology, a ceramic particle-quartz sand dual filter material layer filtering technology, and an air-water combined backwashing technology are integrated; the water purifying performance of the integral water purification equipment is largely improved, the water purification period is prolonged, the impact resistant performance is enhanced, the obstruction of filter head is avoided, and the investment and energy consumption are reduced.

Description

A kind of non-overflow double-layer filter material type integrative water purifying device
Technical field
The present invention relates to water treatment and purification equipment, specifically refer to non-overflow double-layer filter material type integrative water purifying device in a kind of water supply draining.
Background technology
Integrative water purifying device is to complete setting of Water treatment in purification of water quality process is organically combined in same body by the modern water purification technology of application Standby, its function is equivalent to a small-sized water treatment plant with the surface water as water source.The application of integrative water purifying device, highly shortened the construction of water factory In the cycle, save soil, reduce cost, can meet villages and towns in rural areas, stand, the water supply needs of industrial and mining establishment, scenic spot farther out from city.
Integrative water purifying device is to be designed according to earth's surface rivers, Lake Water water quality characteristics, by coagulation, precipitates and to filter three road cleaning procedures comprehensive Complete in same equipment.There is certain disadvantage in existing integrative water purifying device, is mainly manifested in: filtrate hardens, filter filter net jam, wadding Solidifying weak effect, the ability to ward off risks is weak, and the water ability to bear changing greatly raw water quality is little, and backwash is frequent.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiency of existing equipment, the present invention provides a kind of non-overflow double-layer filter material type integrative water purifying device, is integrated with Non-over flow filter tank Technology, haydite-quartz sand double-layer filter material filtering technique, combined water and air backwash technology, be greatly improved the capacity of outlet water of integrative water purifying device, prolong In the long water outlet cycle, improve impact resistance, solve filter blocking, reduce investment and energy consumption further.
In order to overcome the deficiency of existing equipment, the technical scheme is that
A kind of non-overflow double-layer filter material type integrative water purifying device, described equipment body is made up of flocculation basin 2, sedimentation tank 5, filter tank 10;Water inlet pipe 1 connects with the top of flocculation basin 2, and the bottom of flocculation basin 2 is provided with flocculation basin discharge pipeline 3;Flocculation basin 2 bottom and sedimentation tank 5 bottom are by flocculation Pond outlet 4 connects;Being provided with sludge from sedimentation tank pipe 6 bottom sedimentation tank 5, middle part is provided with inclined plate packing 7;Sedimentation tank 5 top and top, filter tank 10 Connected by sedimentation tank outlet 8;Top, filter tank 10 is provided with filter tank distribution channel 9, and distribution channel 9 is positioned at below sedimentation tank outlet 8;Filter tank interior Portion is sequentially provided with ceramic grain filter layer 11, quartz sand filter media layer 12, cobblestone supporting layer 13 from top to bottom, and collector pipe 14 is positioned at cobblestone supporting layer 13 is internal;Filter tank water leg 16 is positioned at below the outer wall in filter tank 10, and collector pipe 14 is connected by vertical tube 15 with filter tank water leg 16;Filter tank Water leg 16 connects filter tank drain pipe 17, and filter tank drain pipe 17 is provided with filter tank outlet valve 18, backwash water intaking valve 19, backwash intake valve 20; The top in filter tank 10 is provided with backwashing water drain valve 21, and outer wall is provided with backwash rhone 22;The bottom of described vertical tube 15 be provided with multiple vertically Pipe aperture 23;Being provided with gully-hole 24 bottom described collector pipe 14, sidewall is provided with and washes away pore 25, and top is provided with top vent 26.
Present invention have the advantage that
(1) filter tank is non-overflow double-bed filter, is characterized in using bottom board system and the lateral drainage skill of unique longitudinal and transverse gas distribution water distributor Art.During backwash, forming two uniform air cushion layers up and down at base plate, thus ensure that water and air distributing is uniform, filtrate does not mix layer, it is allowed to multilamellar filtrate Combination, backwash easily reaches optimum efficiency.Water distribution qi-emitting hole aperture is not easily blocked greatly, sturdy and durable.Bottom board system and lateral waste discharge because of its uniqueness Water method, backwash Duan Shuichong intensity is big, and filterins media run-off amount is little, and the recoil water yield is little, and corresponding power consumption is the lowest.It is strong that double-layer filter material holds dirty ability, Stable effluent quality, backwashing period is long, and energy consumption is low.Additionally, double-layer filter material allows to use micro flocculating filter technology.
(2) the filter tank base plate of the present invention is installed simple, with low cost.General filter chamber need to install filter at base plate, and the present invention uses Non-over flow to filter Pond, is only longitudinally arranged filter tank water leg in the middle part of filter tank, installs water distribution gas distribution pipe, thus install easily in water leg, and cost reduces.
(3) present invention uses integrated design, and floor space is little, compact conformation;Valve all uses and automatically controls, simple to operate.
(4) present invention integrates drop water aeration, catalytic oxidation, and oxygen in water can be constantly replenished and participate in oxidation reaction, therefore removes The efficiency of ferrum is higher.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the generalized section of the present invention
Fig. 2 is the A-A generalized section of Fig. 1
Fig. 3 is collector pipe 14 and the schematic diagram of vertical tube 15
Detailed description of the invention
Structure and work process below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing detailed description present invention:
One, structure composition
Seeing shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the agent structure of present device is made up of flocculation basin 2, sedimentation tank 5, filter tank 10.
Flocculation basin 2 top is provided with water inlet pipe 1, and bottom is provided with discharge pipeline 3, and inside is folded structure;The outside supporting medicine system of flocculation basin 2, adds Medicine system is typically made up of dosing pump, chemical tank, agitator.
Flocculation basin 2 bottom is connected by flocculation basin outlet 4 with sedimentation tank 5 bottom.Being provided with sludge from sedimentation tank pipe 6 bottom sedimentation tank 5, middle part sets There is inclined plate packing 7.
Sedimentation tank 5 top is connected by sedimentation tank outlet 8 with top, filter tank 10.Top, filter tank 10 is provided with filter tank distribution channel 9, distribution channel 9 Below sedimentation tank outlet 8;The top in filter tank 10 is provided with backwashing water drain valve 21, and outer wall is provided with backwash rhone 22, backwash draining Groove 22 is positioned at below backwashing water drain valve 21;The inside in filter tank is sequentially provided with ceramic grain filter layer 11, quartz sand filter media layer 12, goose from top to bottom Cobble supporting layer 13.
Cobblestone supporting layer 13 is internal sets collector pipe 14, is provided with gully-hole 24 bottom collector pipe 14, and sidewall is provided with and washes away pore 25, and top is provided with Top vent 26.
Collector pipe 14 is connected by vertical tube 15 with filter tank water leg 16, and the bottom of vertical tube 15 is provided with multiple vertical tube aperture 23.
Setting filter tank water leg 16 below outside, filter tank 10, filter tank drain pipe 17 connects filter tank water leg 16, and filter tank drain pipe 17 is provided with filter tank and goes out Water valve 18, backwash water intaking valve 19, backwash intake valve 20.
Two, operation principle
1, original sub-block process
When the present invention works, flocculant prepared by the outside supporting medicine system of flocculation basin 2 enters flocculation basin 2 via water inlet pipe 1 in the lump with former water, wadding The internal flap that is provided with in solidifying pond 2, water inlet is under flap effect, and acquisition of flowing in undaform is sufficiently mixed, and flocculation reaction occurs, and flocculation reaction produces Fraction mud is discharged through flocculation basin discharge pipeline 3, and flocculation reaction water outlet enters sedimentation tank 5 through flocculation basin outlet 4.
Flocculation reaction water outlet is flowed inside sedimentation tank 5 from bottom to top, is provided with inclined plate packing 7, the dirt that traps flocculated reaction produces in the middle part of sedimentation tank 5 Mud, discharges through sludge from sedimentation tank pipe 6 after sludge settling, and precipitation water outlet enters filter tank 10 through sedimentation tank outlet 8.
Precipitation water outlet is introduced into filter tank distribution channel 9, after forming uniform water distribution, flows from top to down, flows through ceramic grain filter layer 11, quartz successively The sand filtration bed of material 12, cobblestone supporting layer 13.Cobblestone supporting layer 13 is internal is provided with collector pipe 14, is provided with gully-hole 24, warp bottom collector pipe 14 The filtrate crossing ceramic grain filter and quartz sand filter media filtration enters collector pipe 14 through gully-hole 24.The filtrate that collector pipe 14 is collected is flowed through vertical tube 15 Enter filter tank water leg 16, more successively through filter tank drain pipe 17, filter tank outlet valve 18 water outlet.
2, combined water and air backwash process
Closing water inlet pipe 1, filter tank outlet valve 18, open backwash intake valve 20, air continuously enters filter tank water leg 16, until air pressure is more than Hydrostatic pressure, air just converges in filter tank water leg 16 top and progressive additive forms air cushion layer.When the water surface be gradually down on vertical tube 15 vertical During pipe aperture 23, air starts to enter collector pipe 14 through vertical tube aperture 23, and at collector pipe 14 internal upper part, air pressure is more than hydrostatic pressure, air Assembling and form second air cushion layer, when leaked-in air amount is equal with the tolerance flowed away, aquiform stool stops declining the air cushion layer that formation is stable.First The effect of air cushion layer is to ensure that the air mass flow entered in vertical tube 15 is equal;The effect of the second air cushion layer is to ensure that and enters cobblestone supporting layer 13 Air mass flow is equal, and gas is evenly distributed.Air through washing away pore 25, top vent 26 sequentially enters cobblestone supporting layer 13, quartz sand filtration The bed of material 12, ceramic grain filter layer 11, under airflow function, quartz sand filter media and ceramic grain filter all expand loosening, produce gas scrub effect, make The float adsorbed at filter material surface must be trapped peel off.
Behind 3~5min, opening backwash water intaking valve 19, backwashing water drain valve 21, backwashing water sequentially passes through filter tank drain pipe 17, filter tank Water leg 16, vertical tube 15, collector pipe 14, gully-hole 24 enter filter tank 10, and backwashing water flows separately through goose ovum in filter tank 10 from bottom to top Stone supporting layer 13, quartz sand filter media layer 12, ceramic grain filter layer 11, produce synergy with air, and float is arranged through backwashing water with backwashing water Put valve 21 and drain into backwashing water rhone 22.
Again behind 3~5min, close backwash intake valve 20, after individually carrying out water rinsing 3~5min, close backwash water intaking valve 19, anti- Flushing water drain valve 21, completes a combined water and air backwash process.

Claims (1)

1. a non-overflow double-layer filter material type integrative water purifying device, it is characterised in that: water inlet pipe (1) connects with flocculation basin (2) top, flocculation Bottom, pond (2) is provided with flocculation basin discharge pipeline (3);Flocculation basin (2) bottom is connected by flocculation basin outlet (4) with sedimentation tank (5) bottom; Sedimentation tank (5) bottom is provided with sludge from sedimentation tank pipe (6), and middle part is provided with inclined plate packing (7);Sedimentation tank (5) top leads to filter tank (10) top Cross sedimentation tank outlet (8) connection;Filter tank (10) top is provided with filter tank distribution channel (9), and filter tank distribution channel (9) is positioned at sedimentation tank outlet (8) Lower section;The inside in filter tank is sequentially provided with ceramic grain filter layer (11), quartz sand filter media layer (12), cobblestone supporting layer (13) from top to bottom, catchments It is internal that pipe (14) is positioned at cobblestone supporting layer (13);Filter tank water leg (16) is positioned at below the outer wall of filter tank (10), collector pipe (14) with Filter tank water leg (16) is connected by vertical tube (15);Filter tank water leg (16) connection filter tank drain pipe (17), filter tank drain pipe (17) It is provided with filter tank outlet valve (18), backwash water intaking valve (19), backwash intake valve (20);Filter tank (10) top is provided with backwashing water discharge Valve (21), outer wall is provided with backwash rhone (22), and backwash rhone (22) is positioned at backwashing water drain valve (21) lower section;Described vertically The bottom of pipe (15) is provided with multiple vertical tube aperture (23);Described collector pipe (14) bottom is provided with gully-hole (24), and sidewall is provided with and washes away pore (25), top is provided with top vent (26).
CN201410612804.7A 2014-11-05 2014-11-05 Non-overflow dual filter material layer type integral water purification equipment Pending CN105884072A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410612804.7A CN105884072A (en) 2014-11-05 2014-11-05 Non-overflow dual filter material layer type integral water purification equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410612804.7A CN105884072A (en) 2014-11-05 2014-11-05 Non-overflow dual filter material layer type integral water purification equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105884072A true CN105884072A (en) 2016-08-24

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110028172A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-07-19 北京中通建科节能环保技术研究院有限公司 A kind of zero energy consumption sewage disposal system
CN110436683A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-11-12 安徽环境科技集团股份有限公司 A kind of middle-size and small-size scale sanitary sewage integration advanced treatment apparatus in villages and small towns
CN110563053A (en) * 2019-08-05 2019-12-13 周有 Movable integration river lake water pollution purifier
CN113003757A (en) * 2021-01-11 2021-06-22 北京安国水道自控工程技术有限公司 Integrated rural water supply treatment device and method
CN114956487A (en) * 2022-07-04 2022-08-30 郑州航空港区明港水务有限公司 Unpowered biological treatment method for sewage with low C/N ratio

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110028172A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-07-19 北京中通建科节能环保技术研究院有限公司 A kind of zero energy consumption sewage disposal system
CN110436683A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-11-12 安徽环境科技集团股份有限公司 A kind of middle-size and small-size scale sanitary sewage integration advanced treatment apparatus in villages and small towns
CN110563053A (en) * 2019-08-05 2019-12-13 周有 Movable integration river lake water pollution purifier
CN113003757A (en) * 2021-01-11 2021-06-22 北京安国水道自控工程技术有限公司 Integrated rural water supply treatment device and method
CN114956487A (en) * 2022-07-04 2022-08-30 郑州航空港区明港水务有限公司 Unpowered biological treatment method for sewage with low C/N ratio

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Application publication date: 20160824

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