CN102276114B - Water treatment equipment - Google Patents

Water treatment equipment Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102276114B
CN102276114B CN 201110191598 CN201110191598A CN102276114B CN 102276114 B CN102276114 B CN 102276114B CN 201110191598 CN201110191598 CN 201110191598 CN 201110191598 A CN201110191598 A CN 201110191598A CN 102276114 B CN102276114 B CN 102276114B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
layer
filter
elevated tank
lauter tub
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201110191598
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102276114A (en
Inventor
刘玲花
刘来胜
周怀东
吴雷祥
吴佳鹏
程东升
邹晓雯
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
Original Assignee
China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research filed Critical China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
Priority to CN 201110191598 priority Critical patent/CN102276114B/en
Publication of CN102276114A publication Critical patent/CN102276114A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102276114B publication Critical patent/CN102276114B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention provides water treatment equipment and is used for solving the problem that because of unstable hydraulic load during the use of the existing water purification equipment, the water quality of the purified water is prone to exceeding standard. The water treatment equipment comprises a water supply device and a water purification device, wherein the water supply device is used for storing water and discharging water according to a preset flow rate; and the water purification device is used for purifying the water discharged from the water supply device and discharging the purified water. In the water treatment equipment, the water supply device is used for supplying the water to be purified for the water purification device according to the preset flow rate; compared with the prior art, by using the water supply device, the water purification equipment overcomes the problems that in the existing water purification equipment, the inflow water flow rate of the water purification equipment is too large because a water pump is utilized for direct water supply or the hydraulic load is unstable because the difference of water levels in water tanks is utilized for water supply; and the inflow water flow rate of the water purification equipment provided by the invention not only can be controlled according to the requirement, but also is more stable, thereby guaranteeing that the water quality of the purified water does not exceed the standard.

Description

A kind of water treating equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to the water treatment technology field, particularly a kind of water treating equipment.
Background technology
At present, centralized drinking water treatment technology develops fast in the city in China, and urban drinking water reaches state specified standards basically, and rural area distributing drinking water treatment technology is always out in the cold.Countryside potable water security is directly connected to the healthy and life security of vast farmers, is related to the steady progression of rural society, is the important process of building Socialist New.
Have the water purifying plant of some tap water in the prior art, its water supply installation is at water tank bottom one water outlet to be set, and by this water outlet the water in the water tank is directed in the water purifying plant.Existing water supply installation is to realize water outlet by the head pressure reduction in the water tank, owing to the progressively outflow of head pressure reduction along with Water in Water Tanks reduces, and then causes Water discharge flow speed to reduce gradually.The Bearing performance of this phenomenon is, Water discharge flow speed diminishes gradually along with the reduction of water supply installation median water level, so that the water inlet hydraulic load of water purifying plant is unstable, especially the flow velocity at the starting stage water supply installation is usually very large, causes easily purifying the overproof water quality of rear water.In addition, existing water purifying plant also can lean on water pump directly to supply water, but this causes the bad control of water inlet flow velocity of water purifying plant easily, often makes the water inlet flow velocity of water purifying plant excessive, also causes easily purifying the overproof water quality of rear water.
Some water purifying plants also exist the drawback that needs manual operation in the prior art, because the restriction of China's most of Rural areas peasant's know-how, although some water purifying plant treatment effects are better, complicated operation, the peasant is difficult for grasping.
Summary of the invention
The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of water treating equipment, and is unstable in order to solve the existing water purifying plant hydraulic load of intaking in use, the problem of the overproof water quality of water after occurring easily purifying.
The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of water treating equipment, comprising:
Water supply installation is used for storing water, and discharges described water by preset flow rate;
Purifier is used for purifying the described water that described water supply installation is discharged, and discharges the rear water of purification.
Described water supply installation comprises:
Elevated tank is used for storing water, and discharges described water;
Galvanostat is used for the drainage speed of described elevated tank is controlled at described preset flow rate.
Described water treating equipment also comprise:
Strainer is used for filtering the water that enters described water supply installation;
Filtering net is arranged in the described strainer, is used for the suspended matter of interception water.
The bottom of described elevated tank also is provided with mud discharging mouth; And/or
Described elevated tank is inverted cone-shaped.
Described galvanostat comprises:
Container places described elevated tank, and the open top of described container, bottom are interspersed with the first pipe and the second pipe;
Described the first pipe when being used for the water surface when described elevated tank and being higher than the water surface in the described container, imports the water in the described elevated tank in the described container;
Described the second pipe is communicated with the water outlet of described elevated tank, is used for described preset flow rate the water of described container being directed at the water outlet of described elevated tank.
Described water treating equipment also comprise:
Pump is used for the water at water source is directed in the described elevated tank;
Switch box is used for opening or close described pump according to the instruction of user's input;
Water level measurement device, the water level for measuring described elevated tank sends out code when described water level reaches the first preset value, send enabled instruction when described water level reaches the second preset value, and described the first preset value is greater than described the second preset value;
Described switch box also is used for receiving described enabled instruction or out code, and closes described pump when receiving described out code, opens described pump when receiving described enabled instruction.
Described purifier is that biology is filtered purifier slowly, and described biology is filtered slowly purifier and comprised:
Lauter tub has water-in and water outlet, and the water-in of described lauter tub is communicated with the water outlet of described water supply installation;
At least one metafiltration bed of material is arranged in described lauter tub;
Be attached to the microorganism mucous membrane of top layer filter material layer upper surface;
Wherein, the water-in of described lauter tub is positioned at the top of microorganism mucous membrane, the below that water outlet is positioned at described filter material layer.
Described biology is filtered slowly purifier and is also comprised:
Water distributor is used for water distribution uniformity, is arranged between the water-in and described microorganism mucous membrane of described lauter tub.
Also be provided with filtrate in the described water distributor.
Described biology is filtered slowly purifier and is also comprised:
Supporting layer for the water outlet of the described lauter tub of filter clogging that prevents described filter material layer, is arranged at the below of described filter material layer, and the water outlet of described lauter tub is arranged in described supporting layer; Perhaps
Porous plate, be used for carrying described filter material layer, make and form a water space between the bottom of described filter material layer and described lauter tub, make the water that passes filter material layer enter water space and prevent that the filtrate in the described filter material layer from falling into described water space, be arranged at the below of described filter material layer, the water outlet of described lauter tub is communicated with described water space.
In the water treating equipment that the embodiment of the invention provides, water supply installation is supplied with purifier by preset flow rate with water extraction to be clean, compared with prior art, described water supply installation overcome existing water purifying plant by the direct water supply of water pump cause easily the water inlet flow velocity of water purifying plant excessive or by the Water in Water Tanks potential difference for the unsettled problem of water generates hydraulic load, the water inlet flow velocity of the purifier among the present invention not only can be controlled as required, but also more stable, the water quality of water does not exceed standard after guaranteeing to purify.When purifier is biology when filtering purifier slowly, utilize the microorganism mucous membrane of top layer filtrate Surface Realize under the low flow conditions, further improved the removal effect to Heavy Metals in Waters, toxic organic compound.When purifier is biology when filtering purifier slowly, utilize the microorganism mucous membrane of top layer filtrate Surface Realize under the low flow conditions, further improved the removal effect to Heavy Metals in Waters, toxic organic compound.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of water treating equipment in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of another kind of water treating equipment in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of galvanostat in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of a kind of purifier in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of another kind of purifier in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of another purifier in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the workflow diagram of a kind of water treating equipment in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 8 is the particular flow sheet of step S75 among Fig. 7.
Embodiment
For technical problem, technical scheme and advantage that the embodiment of the invention will be solved is clearer, be described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the specific embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of water treating equipment, comprising:
Water supply installation is used for storing water, and by the preset flow rate drainage water;
Purifier is used for purifying the water that above-mentioned water supply installation is discharged, and discharges the rear water of purification.
Wherein, default low flow velocity can be according to purifier and user's requirements set.
When water supply installation drains into purifier by preset flow rate with water to be clean, at first, preset flow rate answer the speed of the water to be clean that the assure feed water device provides be not more than purifier discharge purify after the Peak Flow Rate of water, and work as purifier as shown in Figure 4, when the first filter material layer surface had formed the microorganism mucous membrane, preset flow rate also will satisfy the requirement of not disturbance filter material layer; Secondly, preset flow rate can also be set according to customer need, such as when user's water consumption hour, preset flow rate can be turned down, like this, when satisfying the demand of water user's water quality, the water yield, prolonged the life cycle of filtrate in the lauter tub.
In the water treating equipment that the embodiment of the invention provides, water supply installation is supplied with purifier by preset flow rate with water extraction to be clean, compared with prior art, described water supply installation overcome existing water purifying plant by the direct water supply of water pump cause easily the water inlet flow velocity of water purifying plant excessive or by the Water in Water Tanks potential difference for the unsettled problem of water generates hydraulic load, the water inlet flow velocity of the purifier among the present invention not only can be controlled as required, but also more stable, the water quality of water does not exceed standard after guaranteeing to purify.
As shown in Figure 2, above-mentioned water supply installation can comprise:
Elevated tank is used for storing water, and drainage water;
Galvanostat is used for the drainage speed of elevated tank is controlled at preset flow rate.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 2, the bottom of elevated tank also is provided with mud discharging mouth, for dirts such as the particulate matter of discharging elevated tank bottom deposition, earth.Elevated tank can be inverted cone-shaped, so that the suspended substance sedimentation such as particulate matter, earth is easy to collect and discharge by mud discharging mouth in the bottom in the elevated tank.Can also be communicated with a transparent pipe on the elevated tank, be used for doing the water level indicating meter, and when elevated tank adopted transparent material to be made, the water level indicating meter can omit.
Above-mentioned water treating equipment also can comprise:
Strainer is used for filtering the water that enters water supply installation, is provided with filtering net in the strainer, is used for the suspended matter (Fig. 2 shows the position of strainer as example take the water supply installation that comprises elevated tank and galvanostat) of interception water.
The effect of strainer is that the macrobead pollutent in the water to be clean is tentatively tackled.Strainer comprises water-in, water outlet and the filtering net between water-in and water outlet, and filtering net can take out after obstruction with brush and clean, and reusable, if filtering net has broken down, the filtering net that can also more renew uses more convenient.After the power process preliminary filtration of strainer of water by pump of pump outflow, enter water supply installation, alleviated the filtration burden of follow-up purifier, reduced the obstruction of filtrate in the purifier.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 3, above-mentioned galvanostat can comprise:
Container places elevated tank, open top, and the bottom is interspersed with the first pipe and the second pipe;
The first pipe is when being used for the water surface when elevated tank and being higher than the water surface in the container, in the importing of the water in elevated tank container;
The second pipe is communicated with the water outlet of elevated tank, is used for above-mentioned preset flow rate the water of container being directed at the water outlet of elevated tank.
The principle of work of above-mentioned galvanostat is that to utilize the inside and outside waterhead of container (be the waterhead of container and elevated tank, the water level of elevated tank will be higher than the water level in the container), keep waterhead constant, the draining constant flow rate of the then water inlet constant flow rate of the first pipe, and then the second pipe.Waterhead by inside and outside the adjustment container can reach the purpose that the drainage speed of elevated tank is controlled at preset flow rate.Adjusting the inside and outside waterhead of container can realize in the following manner: place some weights (such as stone etc.) in container, when the drainage speed that requires elevated tank large (less), can place many in container (lacking) some weights, make waterhead increase (reducing), so that the drainage speed of elevated tank reaches requirement.In addition, in container, place under the certain condition of weight, by raising or lowering the height of the first pipe in container, also can realize the adjusting that the container drainage speed reduces or increases.The introducing of galvanostat has overcome existing water treating equipment directly supplies water by water pump and causes flow velocity excessive, perhaps poor for problems such as water generates hydraulic load shakinesses by the elevated tank median water level, has realized water supply low speed, constant function.
Again as shown in Figure 2, above-mentioned water treating equipment also can comprise:
Pump is used for the water at water source is directed in the elevated tank;
Switch box is used for opening or close pump according to the instruction of user's input;
Water level measurement device, the water level for measuring elevated tank sends out code when water level reaches the first preset value, send enabled instruction when water level reaches the second preset value, and the first preset value is greater than the second preset value;
Switch box also is used for receiving enabled instruction or out code, and closes pump when receiving out code, opens pump when receiving enabled instruction.
Particularly, configurable driving switch on the switch box, the Far Left gear of driving switch are automatically, i.e. above-mentioned water level measurement device and switch box cooperating, so that when the water level in the elevated tank reaches the first preset value, close pump, when reaching the second preset value, opens the water level in the elevated tank pump; The middle gear of driving switch is for stopping, and namely the user can close pump by gear in the middle of driving switch is screwed to; The rightmost gear of driving switch is manual, be that the user can come the enforced opening pump by driving switch being screwed to the rightmost gear, as need to wash clothes, feed the big yield such as livestock when family the time, the user can be at the direct water receiving of the water outlet of elevated tank, need not be through the processing of purifier.In addition, run indicator can also be set on the switch box and stop pilot lamp, make the user clearly understand the working order of water treating equipment.
Water level measurement device can be embodied as electric fluviograph, and at this moment, switch box can be told light current pressure and be used for for the electrical measurement water level gauge.Electric fluviograph can comprise the probe of two different lengthss, and long probe is nearer apart from elevated tank bottom, and when water level was reduced to long probe terminal, switch box was opened pump; Short probe is nearer apart from the elevated tank top, and when water level was raised to short probe terminal, switch box was closed pump, thereby realizes automatic feeding water.Electric fluviograph can adopt float switch or mechanical structure.
As shown in Figure 4, above-mentioned purifier can be biology and filters slowly purifier, and this biology is filtered slowly purifier and can be comprised:
Lauter tub has water-in and water outlet, and the water-in of lauter tub is communicated with the water outlet of water supply installation;
At least one metafiltration bed of material is arranged in lauter tub;
Be attached to the microorganism mucous membrane of top layer filter material layer upper surface;
Wherein, the water-in of lauter tub is positioned at the top of microorganism mucous membrane, the below that water outlet is positioned at filter material layer.
The shape of above-mentioned lauter tub is not limit, and is generally right cylinder or rectangular parallelepiped, and for guaranteeing the even of current, the top cross-sectional area of lauter tub is a bit larger tham the bottom; The water-in of lauter tub is positioned at the upper end of lauter tub, and the water outlet of lauter tub is positioned at the lower end of lauter tub; In scavenging process, the water that water supply installation is discharged enters lauter tub by the water-in of lauter tub, through the biochemical action of filter material surface microorganism mucous membrane, and after the physical adsorption of the filter material layer filtration, discharges from the water outlet of lauter tub.
In addition, as shown in Figure 4, water outlet can cause about the 15cm of filtrate top water outlet and flow out by being connected with elbow and the straight tube of lauter tub outside, guarantees the upper strata depth of water of filtrate top, guarantees to form the survival of microorganism mucous membrane and microorganism.Wherein, on the straight tube that is connected with the water outlet of lauter tub and the elbow water flow control valve door can be set.
In the slower situation of the flow velocity of the current that enter lauter tub, organism in the water and mineral substance can provide nutrition for the microbial growth breeding, therefore, there has been a large amount of micropopulations on the surface of filter material layer, micropopulation is attached on the filter material layer surface and grows, after growth after a while, can form stable ripe microorganism mucous membrane.Exist a large amount of biological groups such as algae, bacterium in the microorganism mucous membrane, also has protozoon in the upper water of filtrate top in addition, protozoon, algae can effectively engulf bacterium in the water, virus etc., and the microorganisms such as bacterium can utilize the organism in self metabolic process degradation water, can also remove ammonia nitrogen in the water by nitration reaction, microorganism mucous membrane space is little, and the suspended impurity in all right trap water plays the effect of effective sterilization and filtration to water to be clean.
Through the water after the biochemical treatment of microorganism mucous membrane, can filter through the further physical adsorption of filter material layer, with the turbidity of further reduction water, improve decontamination effect improving.
Slowly filter purifier by above-mentioned biology, do not need to arrange special disinfection apparatus, do not need to add any medicament yet, only adopt the microorganism mucous membrane that is attached to top layer filter material layer upper surface, water to be clean is carried out disinfection and biochemical reaction, reduced sterilizing part, provided cost savings, easily accepted by the peasant; Simultaneously, by the physical adsorption of filter material layer, further water to be clean is filtered, in addition, above-mentioned biology filters slowly that purifier is simple in structure, the installation and operation cost is low, is highly suitable for the purification of rural potable water and domestic water.
Be understandable that, the thickness that above-mentioned biology is filtered the filter material layer that arranges in the purifier slowly is larger, the type of filtrate more (as adopting different particle diameter of filter medium collocation, the different strainability filtrate collocation such as coconut husk, gac), the decontamination effect improving that biology is filtered purifier slowly is better.Certainly, in order to save biological cost and the biological filtering velocity of filtering slowly purifier of assurance of filtering slowly purifier, need to select rational filter material layer thickness and filtrate type.
Generally, the filtrate in the top layer filter material layer is the thinner filtrate of particle diameter, and the particle diameter of filtrate is thinner, and its detergent power is stronger, therefore can effectively guarantee to purify the cleanliness factor of rear water, and in addition, the particle diameter of filtrate is thinner, and the microorganism mucous membrane is easier formation also; Certainly, also cannot adopt the meticulous filtrate of particle diameter, in order to avoid water is difficult to maybe can't pass through; Consider biological perviousness of filtering slowly purifier, along the direction of water flow, the particle diameter of the filtrate in the different filter material layers can be according to arranging from fine to coarse.Slowly filter purifier such as biology and comprise the four metafiltration bed of materials, the filtrate of supposing the top layer filter material layer is the thinner river sand of particle diameter, can certainly adopt quartz sand etc., because river sand is comparatively common in the rural area, draw materials convenient and cost low, therefore, generally, adopt river sand as the filtrate of top layer filter material layer; The filtrate of second layer filter material layer is zeolite; The filtrate of three-layer filter layer also is zeolite, but the particle diameter of the zeolite in the three-layer filter layer is greater than the particle diameter of the zeolite in the second layer filter material layer; The 4th metafiltration bed of material can be the thicker river sand of particle diameter.Certainly, above-mentioned filter material layer can also be three layers, five layers or other number of plies, the filtrate in the filter material layer can also be other dissimilar filtrate, such as quartz sand, gac etc., in the specific implementation process, can be according to the filtrate resource situation of locality, the scheme that alternative costs are lower is implemented.
Slowly filter purifier by the biology that above-described embodiment provides, can adopt the filter material layer of multilayer or dissimilar filtrates, strengthen the physical adsorption filteration to water to be clean.
In above-described embodiment, when water to be clean enters lauter tub, if current are inhomogeneous or current are excessive, then may the disturbance filter material layer, thus be unfavorable for the formation of microorganism mucous membrane, simultaneously after the microorganism mucous membrane forms, integrity that also may the destroy microorganisms mucous membrane, for fear of this phenomenon occurring, as shown in Figure 5, above-mentioned biology is filtered slowly purifier and also can be comprised:
Water distributor between the water-in and filter material layer of lauter tub, is used for water distribution uniformity.The water to be clean that enters from the water-in of lauter tub can effectively reduce the flow velocity of water through behind the water distributor, and avoid the water impact of current his-and-hers watches metafiltration material, thereby be conducive to the formation of microorganism mucous membrane, and the integrity that keeps the microorganism mucous membrane.
Water distributor can adopt according to the structure of lauter tub the structures such as square basin, circular basin, bottom even distribution water distributing pore.In order to increase the water distribution effect of water distributor, and further improve the removal effect of suspended substance in the water, reduce biological obstruction of filtering slowly filtrate in the purifier, can also lay the filtrates such as coarse particles quartz sand, stone in the water distributor, and/or lay layer of non-woven fabric.When water distributor is crossed the reduction of water effect, can be reentered into after the taking-up of the filtrate in the water distributor flushing, recycling, easy to use.Non-woven fabrics can directly abandon because price is very cheap, more renews.
In addition, when the particle diameter of the filtrate in the lowest layer filter material layer was thinner, the filtrate in the lowest layer filter material layer might stop up the water outlet of lauter tub, at this moment, can filter slowly at biology and following supporting layer was set in the purifier or porous plate prevents that the water outlet of lauter tub is blocked:
1, supporting layer
Again as shown in Figure 5, above-mentioned biology is filtered slowly purifier and also can be comprised:
Supporting layer for the water outlet of the filter clogging lauter tub that prevents filter material layer, is arranged at the below of filter material layer, and the water outlet of lauter tub is arranged in supporting layer.
Supporting layer can effectively be collected draining, prevents filter clogging and loss in the filter material layer, and generally, supporting layer is comprised of the thicker gravel of particle diameter.Certainly, also can adopt other method to prevent the water outlet of the filter clogging lauter tub in the filter material layer, for example, in the water inlet of the rising pipe of lauter tub one filter screen is set.
2, porous plate
As shown in Figure 6, above-mentioned biology is filtered slowly purifier and also can be comprised:
Porous plate, be used for the carrying filter material layer, make formation one water space between the bottom of filter material layer and lauter tub, make the water that passes filter material layer enter water space and prevent that the filtrate in the filter material layer from falling into water space, be arranged at the below of filter material layer, the water outlet of lauter tub is communicated with water space.
Porous plate is the platy structure with a plurality of holes, and the aperture is for can deciding according to the particle diameter of the filtrate in the lowest layer filter material layer, should be advisable with the filtrate that can tackle in the lowest layer filter material layer in the aperture of porous plate.Porous plate can guarantee that water circulates to the bottom, and prevents that the top filtrate is through entering lower space; When the top filtrate took out, porous plate can be taken out cleaning; The porous plate bottom is water space, and the water outlet of the water of bottom by lauter tub flows out, and water can be collected into the containers such as bucket, cylinder, basin after the purification of flowing out from the water outlet of lauter tub.
Porous plate is compared with supporting layer, its thickness is less, has correspondingly reduced the biological height of filtering slowly purifier, has dwindled the volume of water treating equipment.
In addition, in order to prevent the pollutents such as rain drop erosion or dust to the destruction of microorganism mucous membrane and filter material layer, biology is filtered slowly purifier and also can be comprised: top cover is positioned at the top of lauter tub.Preferably, top cover is that transparent material is made, in order to have enough light in the lauter tub, impels formation and the growth of microorganism mucous membrane; Certainly, if when biology is filtered slowly purifier and is positioned at the excellent environment such as indoor, also can not use top cover, in order to have enough light and air, for formation and the generation of microorganism mucous membrane provides good environment.
Be illustrated in figure 7 as the operating process synoptic diagram of above-mentioned water treating equipment, may further comprise the steps:
Step S71, preparation work.
Switch box is connected with power supply.
When purifier is that biology is when filtering purifier slowly (such as Fig. 4,5 or 6), at first in lauter tub, add a certain amount of water, then load successively filtrate, and add simultaneously water, when loading filtrate, need to extrude the bubble in the filter material layer, and guarantee that filtrate all contacts with water, prevents that current are short-circuited in Water treatment; Filtrate load complete after, the filtrate of top layer filter material layer upper surface is touched flat, be beneficial to the formation of microorganism mucous membrane.
The water outlet of lauter tub is connected with elbow and the straight tube of lauter tub outside, water outlet is caused apart from flowing out about the 15cm of filtrate top, guarantee the upper strata depth of water of filtrate top.
Step S72, utilize the switch box control pump to start working.
Be provided with on the switch box automatically, stop, manual three kinds of driving switch, the user can make pump need to come work by the user by stirring these driving switch.Such as, the user expects to continue to obtain to purify waste water, and then the user can push driving switch automatic gear; Purified waste water enough or need to carry out clean and maintenance etc. to water treating equipment when what the user obtained, then the user can push driving switch the gear that stops; When the big yields such as the user expects to wash clothes, hello livestock, the user can push driving switch manual gear and come the enforced opening pump, and the user can at the direct water receiving of the water outlet of elevated tank, need not pass through the processing of purifier.
Step S73, pump extract water from the water source, water is entered in the elevated tank through after the preliminary filtration of strainer.
Water in step S74, the elevated tank drains in the purifier by preset flow rate under the control of galvanostat.
Wherein, when galvanostat is structure shown in Figure 3, can reach the purpose that the drainage speed of elevated tank is controlled at preset flow rate by the waterhead inside and outside the adjustment container.Adjusting the inside and outside waterhead of container can realize in the following manner: place some weights (such as stone etc.) in container, when the drainage speed that requires elevated tank large (less), can place many in container (lacking) some weights, make waterhead increase (reducing), so that the drainage speed of elevated tank reaches requirement;
In addition, when the driving switch of switch box is screwed onto automatic gear, water level in the water level measurement device the real time measure elevated tank, when water level reaches the first preset value, water level measurement device can send out code to switch box, switch box is closed pump according to out code, to stop to avoid the water in the elevated tank to overflow to the elevated tank water inlet; And when water level reaches the second preset value, water level measurement device can send enabled instruction to switch box, switch box is according to the enabled instruction ejector priming, and restarting to the elevated tank water inlet, above automatic control process can guarantee that elevated tank is in normal operating conditions always.
Step S75, purifier carry out purifying treatment to water.
Particularly, as shown in Figure 8, when purifier is biology when filtering purifier slowly, biologically filters slowly purifier the process that water purifies be may further comprise the steps:
The water that step S751, elevated tank are discharged enters lauter tub from the water-in on lauter tub top, and the water distributor that is arranged at the filter material layer top carries out water distribution uniformity to water.
Step S752, low filtering velocity (with respect to accidental conditions) operation.
Starting stage, adopt low filtering velocity water inlet (be galvanostat the drainage speed of elevated tank is controlled to be a lower flow velocity), in case the disturbance filter material layer, the simultaneously low formation that also is beneficial to the microorganism mucous membrane of filtering velocity; Whether continue low filtering velocity operation for some time, the water that the water outlet of lauter tub is discharged is chemically examined, it is working properly to detect filter material layer.
Step S753 progressively increases filtering velocity to preset value.
If filter material layer is working properly, be that the removal of pollutants rate remains unchanged substantially, the upper surface that shows filter material layer has formed mature and stable microorganism mucous membrane, can increase filtering traffic until preset value this moment (be galvanostat the drainage speed of elevated tank is increased to preset value).
Step S754 filters and normally carries out.
Under the state that it is fixed that the water drain quality guarantee keeps steady, the maintenance filtering velocity is preset value (is galvanostat the drainage speed of elevated tank is controlled at preset value), continuous service.
Step S755, filter clogging.
If the water displacement of lauter tub is more and more less, filter clogging is described, need to clean filtrate.
Step S756, the top layer filtrate is removed.
The user is out of service by the switch box control pump, treat that water in the lauter tub puts when exposing top layer filter material layer surperficial, at once top layer filtrate and the microorganism mucous membrane that is attached on the top layer filter material surface are removed, clean sooner, the possibility that the filtrate in lower floor's filter material layer is disturbed and annoyance level are just less.
In sum, the embodiment of the invention is supplied with purifier by water supply installation by the water extraction that preset flow rate will be to be clean, and compared with prior art, the hydraulic load of purifier is stablized in the embodiment of the invention, avoids occurring purifying the phenomenon of the overproof water quality of rear water.In addition, if being biology, purifier filters slowly purifier, then the biological purifier of filtering slowly adopts and is positioned at the microorganism mucous membrane of top layer filter material layer upper surface to water disinfection to be clean, do not need special disinfection apparatus, easy to operate, the pollution substances such as bacterium, virus, organic pollutant there is good removal effect; In addition, adopt the multilayer filter material layer to carry out Filtration Adsorption, make final draining water quality satisfy state specified standards; In addition, it is simple in structure that biology is filtered purifier slowly, and the installation and operation cost is low, is applicable to the particular case in China rural area.
The above is preferred implementation of the present invention; should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from principle of the present invention; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. water treating equipment is characterized in that, comprising:
Water supply installation is used for storing water, and discharges described water by preset flow rate;
Purifier is used for purifying the described water that described water supply installation is discharged, and discharges the rear water of purification;
Wherein, described water supply installation comprises:
Elevated tank is used for storing water, and discharges described water;
Galvanostat is used for the drainage speed of described elevated tank is controlled at described preset flow rate;
Described galvanostat comprises:
Container places described elevated tank, and the open top of described container, bottom are interspersed with the first pipe and the second pipe;
Described the first pipe when being used for the water surface when described elevated tank and being higher than the water surface in the described container, imports the water in the described elevated tank in the described container;
Described the second pipe is communicated with the water outlet of described elevated tank, is used for described preset flow rate the water of described container being directed at the water outlet of described elevated tank.
2. water treating equipment as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, also comprise:
Strainer is used for filtering the water that enters described water supply installation;
Filtering net is arranged in the described strainer, is used for the suspended matter of interception water.
3. water treating equipment as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that,
The bottom of described elevated tank also is provided with mud discharging mouth; And/or
Described elevated tank is inverted cone-shaped.
4. such as claim 1,2 or 3 described water treating equipment, it is characterized in that, also comprise:
Pump is used for the water at water source is directed in the described elevated tank;
Switch box is used for opening or close described pump according to the instruction of user's input;
Water level measurement device, the water level for measuring described elevated tank sends out code when described water level reaches the first preset value, send enabled instruction when described water level reaches the second preset value, and described the first preset value is greater than described the second preset value;
Described switch box also is used for receiving described enabled instruction or out code, and closes described pump when receiving described out code, opens described pump when receiving described enabled instruction.
5. water treating equipment as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described purifier is that biology is filtered purifier slowly, and described biology is filtered slowly purifier and comprised:
Lauter tub has water-in and water outlet, and the water-in of described lauter tub is communicated with the water outlet of described water supply installation;
The multilayer filter material layer is arranged in described lauter tub, described multilayer filter material layer from the top layer of lauter tub to the lauter tub bottom according to particle diameter from carefully to thick arranged sequentially;
Be attached to the microorganism mucous membrane of top layer filter material layer upper surface;
Wherein, the water-in of described lauter tub is positioned at the top of microorganism mucous membrane, the below that water outlet is positioned at described filter material layer.
6. water treating equipment as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that, described biology is filtered slowly purifier and also comprised:
Water distributor is used for water distribution uniformity, is arranged between the water-in and described microorganism mucous membrane of described lauter tub.
7. water treating equipment as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that,
Also be provided with filtrate in the described water distributor.
8. such as claim 5,6 or 7 described water treating equipment, it is characterized in that described biology is filtered slowly purifier and also comprised:
Supporting layer for the water outlet of the described lauter tub of filter clogging that prevents described filter material layer, is arranged at the below of described filter material layer, and the water outlet of described lauter tub is arranged in described supporting layer; Perhaps
Porous plate, be used for carrying described filter material layer, make and form a water space between the bottom of described filter material layer and described lauter tub, make the water that passes filter material layer enter water space and prevent that the filtrate in the described filter material layer from falling into described water space, be arranged at the below of described filter material layer, the water outlet of described lauter tub is communicated with described water space.
CN 201110191598 2011-07-08 2011-07-08 Water treatment equipment Expired - Fee Related CN102276114B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110191598 CN102276114B (en) 2011-07-08 2011-07-08 Water treatment equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110191598 CN102276114B (en) 2011-07-08 2011-07-08 Water treatment equipment

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102276114A CN102276114A (en) 2011-12-14
CN102276114B true CN102276114B (en) 2013-01-09

Family

ID=45101914

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201110191598 Expired - Fee Related CN102276114B (en) 2011-07-08 2011-07-08 Water treatment equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102276114B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102845351B (en) * 2012-08-01 2014-04-09 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Low-pollution water drainage method and water drainage device for culture pond
CN108641756B (en) * 2018-05-22 2021-02-23 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Combined biomass gasification gas purification system

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2486540Y (en) * 2000-09-14 2002-04-17 福建新大陆环保科技有限公司 Water supply equipment for water purification
KR101049005B1 (en) * 2002-12-31 2011-07-12 메도라 인바이런멘탈, 인코포레이티드 Water circulation system for ponds, lakes and other bodies of water
CN101077797A (en) * 2006-05-25 2007-11-28 冀运明 Mini water-saving device for collecting, purifying and reusing micro-polluted water
MX2009007427A (en) * 2007-01-12 2009-07-17 Unilever Nv Gravity-fed water purification apparatus with venturi dosing device.
CN201665592U (en) * 2010-04-20 2010-12-08 中国水利水电科学研究院 Water purification device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102276114A (en) 2011-12-14

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203613071U (en) Sewage treatment device
CN102276114B (en) Water treatment equipment
CN106082562A (en) A kind of community's sewerage integrated treatment for reuse system and application
CN2641037Y (en) Small life sewage treatment plant
CN108928967A (en) A kind of good municipal wastewater processing unit convenient for removing sludge of strainability
CN103480187A (en) Power-free rapid backwashing filter
CN209636025U (en) One kind being used for municipal urban wastewater treatment device
CN201296699Y (en) Water purifying device
CN2666902Y (en) Domestic sewage purification secondary use apparatus
CN2727148Y (en) Outdoor and domestic integrated water purifier
CN202924854U (en) Flocculation rotary table filter tank of sewage treatment
CN104944685B (en) A kind of sewage disposal device
CN205635181U (en) Sewage treatment equipment
CN2447404Y (en) Automatic purifying device for water tank
CN205687709U (en) A kind of novel micro-polluted water cleaning equipment
CN203002051U (en) Self-cleaning active sand filtering basin
CN213680279U (en) Full-automatic aquarium fish pond filter equipment of biochemical integral type intelligence of physics
CN108002639A (en) Integrated form integration ecological water factory
CN208747793U (en) A kind of glass reinforced plastic efficient sewage treatment installation
RO201400001U1 (en) Device and method for biological treatment and post-treatment of waste water
CN208218628U (en) A kind of efficient sewage treatment installation
CN203342472U (en) Quicksand type filter
CN105859043A (en) Sewage treatment equipment
CN203342494U (en) Fully-automatic fiber rotating disc microfiltration machine for advanced wastewater treatment
CN208327594U (en) A kind of integrated form Water feeding treatment device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130109

Termination date: 20160708